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FRY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
CIAL CORRESPON DE X TS.
off Interest Prom all Parts of
sad Adjoining Counties.
HOT ICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mail your letters so that ts*y will
this office not istei than Mon
when intendsd for Wednesday's
and not later than Thursday
ktarday's Issue. Thli, of course,
only to regular oorrespond
Iu case of items of unusual
value, send In Immediately by
telephone or teleg-aph. Such
stories are acceptable up to the
^smssr of going to press. Wednesday's
*%B*psr Is printed Tuesday afternoon
Saturday's paper Friday after
jky. Oct. 10.?We are having
wsathsr, Just cool enough to
fires feel comfortable.
Vmrmers ars busy harresting the
There is some little cotton in
?elds yst to be gathered and
health of ths community is
itely good at present. Mr. J.
L Lsdlngham has been qlute sick
lira. H. J. Williams and duaghter,
8hlrer, of Blshopvllls, havs re
to thslr homes after spending
pleasont time with Mr. W. C.
Eva C. Smith, of Blshopville.
a day recently with relatives
r. J. 8. Williams, of Cartersvllle,
relatives here a few days since,
reports crops In his section being
tely good, but labor very
?sne few from this neighborhood
to Charleston to take *ln gala
I suppose quite a number from
will attend the Stats Fair in Co
itsburg, Nov. 1.?Mrs.% C. I*
who has been visiting her
r, Mrs. W. K. Flud, has return
to her home in Charlotte, N. C.
Frank B. Harris, of Thomas
Oa., is on a visit to her parents,
and Mrs. E. F. Holmea
R. C. Richardson, of Sumter,
been spending some time
i relatives In the neighborhood,
less returned home.
Vr. J. Singleton Moore spent Sun
sMr with Mrs. James 8. Plnckney, at
Minns RIchardiion Is the
of Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Richard
Jr.. at "Farm Hill.'
Mr. T. D. Brohun spent Sunday in
Quite a number from the neighbor
went to the Wild West Show on
tTveduy. and report having enjoyed It
much; the riding and shooting
ususl. this place will be well
tnted at the State Fair, during
coming week, and we hope for I
Inuance of the beautiful weather,
ess It will add so much to the pleas
sjes) of the occasion.
OUR SUMMERTON LETTER.
unerton, Nov. 1.?Many items of
as well as local Interest pre
theraselves this morning as de
of recognition In the news col
from Hummerton. In a commu
so peculiarly characterised by the
ictive spprecatlon of fine and
horses, there Is no wonder that
? nally a runaway accident of
kind occurs. Two such acci
neither or which proved In any
serious, befell residents In this
iborhood last week. A horse be?
ing to Mr. R. J. Coskrey was be
driven to school on Thursday
?alng by young Blaney Coskrey In
ipany with his little sister, when
horse became frightened and ran
tl hundred yards. Seeing that
?us consequences might occur bc<
for* he could control the horse, youn<
I I Coskrey Is said to have cut the
truces thus hastening the release of
ejhs buggy, which received no Injury.
Mr. Coskrey and his sister remained
fa the buggy until the horse pulled
neither being hurt at all.
The other runaway took place in
M. I.. Shirer's yard. Mr. J. F.
ibourg's sons, both very small,
been driving and on entering the
the larger of the two got out to
It. and before getting in again
kher horse ran up behind causing
one In the buggy to dash off
the yard. With the smaller of
boys In the buggy the horse made
or two circuits of tho yard before
ig stopped, but the little fellow
Ml In to the last and was not hurt
the slightest. The buKgy was bad
iged. and a tenant house In the
was somewhat Impaired, being
?k on one corner by the vehicle.
Mr. 8. P. Holladay, who bad been
m had health for many monthx, died
vast Wedneedsy morning In Columbia
erh?re he was being treated. Mr. Hol?
laday was a resident of this commu
f, having large farming Interests
around Panola. For several years Mr.
Holladay served as county superinten?
dent of education, and has in main
ways proved himself a useful am.
highly esteemed man.
For the past week the Rev. G. A.
Wright of the Newberry Baptist
church has been assisting the Rev.
J. N. Tolar in a protracted meeting.
The fact that Mr. Wright has been
in charge at Newberry for fifteen
years is sufficient evidence of hit
ability as a preacher and pastor. His
last service on Sunday evening was
attended by a large crowd, who will
appreciate his wise counsel.
The Rev. Wallace Carnahan who
has recently resigned his rectorship
of the Episcopal church here, leaves
tomorrow with his wife for San An?
tonio, Tex. As yet his place has not
The marriage of Miss Margaret
Plowden to Dr. Lawrence Keith
Howie was solemnised at "Millwood,"
the home of the bride's parenta near
Manning, on Wednesday afternoon.
Oct. 27th at 6:10 o'clock. The recep?
tion hall and parlor were decorated
simply but effectively in slmlax and
evergreens, and the ceremony was
performed beneath the bay window
arch by Rev. Mr. J. N. Tolar. At the
appointed hour the wedding march
was played by Dr. C. E. Morria and
the bride and groom entered preceded
by Mies Marlon Satterwhite with Mr.
Tim Howie, the only attendants. Only
the near friends and relatives of the
couple were present; and Immediately
after the cermony Dr. and Mrs. Howie
drove to Manning, where they took
the train for Charleston to attend the
Capt. J. A. Jamea and family at?
tended* the circus in Sumter on Fri?
Mlas Bertha Davis spent Friday in
About 1 o'clock this morning, it was
discovered that the barn and stables
belonging to Mr. B. C. F.agin of this
place were burning. By quick action
Mr. Ragin succeeded in knocking
down enough of the rear wall to get
his stock out, but sustained a heavy
losa of corn and fodder. The cause of
the fire is not known, but it is thought
to have originated In the loft. Mr.
Ragin had about $400.00 insurance.
No Right to Waste Land.
We believe it is doubtful if any man
has a moral right to cwn land on
which he does not live or to the man?
agement of which he doea not give his
personal attention. And by manage?
ment we mean the actual planning
anl directing of the farming opera?
tions. Therefore, we conclude that
the system of renting which leaves the
largest share of interest in and con?
trol of farming operations with the
land owner la likely to give the best
results, so long as the tenantry or
renting class is so much lower in in?
telligence and financially unable to
furnish the equipment necessary to
properly work the land? which they
occupy. For the present this will
mean better farming, greater im?
provement and more financial gain to
both tenant and landlord; but if a
permanently successful system of
agriculture Is ever to be built up and
maintained it must be through an in?
crease in the Intelligence of the ac?
tual tillers of the soil. There Is no
escape from this conclusion; the ac?
tual and average farm laborer must
be raised to a higher standard of in?
telligence as the only means of In?
creasing his effectiveness.
The great problem of the South,
yea, the greatest problem of America,
is the maintenance and increasing of
soil fertility. Hence, the greatest
problem for both the landlord and
the tenant Is the Improvement of the
Hnd. The tenant seems seldom to
realize this fact, and if the land own?
er has appreciated it fully he has fail?
ed In most instances to assert and
maintain his rights.
WFST POINT TABOOS FOOTBALL.
Death of Player Loads to Cancelling
West Point, N. Y., Oct. 31.?Be?
cause of the death of Eugene A.
Bryne, of Buffalo, N. Y., no more foot
ball will be played by the West Point
eleven this year. This statement was
made by Col. Hugh L. Scott, superin?
tendent of the United States Military
Academy, late tonight, after a consul?
tation with the athletic authorities of
the Academy on the death of young
Bryne, who expired this morning as
a result of Injuries sustained in the
Harvard game yesterday.
Unhappy Literary Homes.
Some one with a passion for gen?
uine antique scandals has been pok?
ing into the private lives of classical
English writers and flndii among them
a distressing proportion of celibates
and of unhappily mated persons, says
a writer In "Success Magazine." For
the benefit of book-loving gossips he
has prepard a list of the foremost
Hrltlsh authors with a short descrip?
tion of their domestic relations. The
list Is so full of matrimonial wrecks
?hat the compiler is forced to won?
der whether cheesemongers, stock
icers and the rest of us have as
jor a chance at domestic happiness
potts and playwrights.
No fewer than 25 out of 68 well
l ?wn authors never were married at
I. A number, including Milton, Bun?
in, Southey and Hazlitt, made sev
ral matrimonial ventures. Of the
est Shakespeare, Dryden, Addison,
? derdlge, Carlyle, Ruskin and Dick
as are most notable of a long list of
hose who were unhappily married.
Why should the production of lit
rature be apparently so incompatible
vlth a happy domestic life? Are lit
?rary men less capable than lawyers
ind plumbers of choosing congenial
nates? The truth seems to be that
the writer husband is at home so
much of the time that he becomes as
familiar an object there as the old
cane-bottomed chair. Two persons
who can survive 24 hours of each oth?
er's society per day without jars are
happily married indeed.
"I have only one thing to ask you,"
said the wise young bride-to-be to the
prospective husband, "and that is that
you will promise not to be in to
A CONFIDING COWSTAfLE.
The Way He Helped the HeuesesaW
Repel the Burgle**.
? good story la told at the szpense
of a constable Is rural Bngland, saga s
writer la the London Telegraph.
Not long ago a youag and pretty
housemaid arrived at the big house of
the neighborhood, and It was observed
that our friend's beat often took him
la that dlrectloB. At first she seemed
to resent his advances, but suddenly
?he changed altogether, and the course
of true lore appeared tp run saaoeth
for a time.
One night he called rather later than
usual. It was dark, and his fair one
greeted him somewhat coolly, he
His doubts, however, disappeared
when sht suddenly declared that she
would take him Into ber confidence
She had overheard the particulars of
a plot to break Into the house and
steal the plate.
"Now, Jim." she said, "here's s
chance for promotion. The burglars
knew where the plate was kept, so
we're shifted It What I want you to
do Is to get Into the plate cupboard
and wait till they cerae and open the
door. Then you'll have ?em."
Jim jumped at the chance and half
an hour Inter was concealed in the
cupboard. The burglars came, as ex
pected, and promptly got to work.
The constable chuckled to himself as
he heard the muffled whir of a tool on
the outside of the cupboard door, and
he grasped his staff and waited.
After some minutes' waiting ha re?
solved to take a cautious peep. But
the door was fast, securely screwed on
the outside by the burglars.
When Jim eventually roused the
house and was released from bis pris?
on the burglars and plate, together
with the pretty housemaid (a confeder?
ate), had disappeared. Moreover, the
constable's position took a good deal
sf explaining away.
Bigger Tban the Sun.
A minute parallax oi about one-six
tleth of a second of arc found foi
Arcturus by Dr. Elkin gave a most
astounding result. This small parul
lax implies a distance from the earth
equal to about 12,000,000 times the
sun's distance. This vast distance
would produce a diminution of light of
about thirty-fire and one-fourth mag
nitudes, so that the sun placed at the
distance of Arcturus would be reduced
to a star of only nine and three-fourths
magnitude. It would not be visible
with an opera glass. Arcturus is
therefore in round numbers nine and
?ne-half magnitudes, or over 6,000
limes brighter than the sun would be
at the same distance. Assuming the
same density and brightness of sur?
face as the sun. the diameter of Arc?
turus would therefore be about sev
enty-nine times the sun's diameter, oi
over 08,000,000 miles, aud its mass
about 500,000 times the mast* of the
son?figures well calculated to "stag
ger the imagination."
Ths Mittras? of the House.
"She spends all her time In the
"Ah, she is literary?"
??Not especially. But the cook won't
allow her in the kitchen, and the maids
don't want her about the halls or par?
"Tell me what you eat, and I will
tell you what you are." boasted an
"Well. I ate a welsh rabbit and a
lemon pie last night."
"You're a fool."?Kansas City Jour?
Richard Rembert, Ollie Clark and
Rlch'd Flamming, all negroes, were be
fore Recorder Hurst Monday charged
with stealing liquor from the South?
ern Express Company. Rembert was
convicted on two counts and was
sentenced to pay a fine of $4 0 or
serve 60 days on the gang. Clark
was convicted on one count and his
sentence was $20 or 30 days; Flem
mlng was found guilty of receiving
stolen goods and his sentence was
$10 or 20 days. These negroes were
employed by the express company
and they made use of their opportuni?
ties to steM liquor. It is not known
how much they have stolen, but the
trial proved that they had taken
a gallon at one time and two quarts
MILL CRISIS FORECASTED.
Con era! shut-Down Possible;?Short?
age of" the Present Crop, the Dis?
parity in Prince of Raw Material ami
Manufactured Goods and the Prob?
able Unequal Distribution May All
Unite to Force the Greater Number
Of American Mills to Close Down at
Some Distant Date.
Wtee men who are accustomed to
watch events and glimpse the future
are already beginning to speculate as
to what the harvest will be for Amer
can spinners before another crop is
thrown upon the market. Are not the
manufacturers North, East and South,
who are curtailing, manifesting too
little concern as to the direction of
the movement of the present crop,
ask some while others are shaking
their heads, declaring that American
spinners will be caught short unless
tney corral some of the spot cotton be
fore all of it goes abroad for export.
At best, declare others, the signs of
the times presage unequal distribution,
the effect of which is always deleter?
ious to trade.
Incident to the general talk, a few j
remarks on fundamental facts may
not he amiss. j
The present crop is admittedly
short. There can be no question as to
this for the reports of all authorities
agree. After a long period of a hand
to-mouth policy on the part of
the mills in buying, which in the light
of past events must complicate mat?
ters considerably, there has come on
a short crop, the effect of which has
hardly yet begun to manifest itself.
Heretofore this season the Southern
farmers have marketed their cotton
almost as fast as they ginned it. This
was done for three reasons, to satisfy
pressing obligations and to make
needed purchases; to get the good
prices current of 13 cents and to save
the loss in weight incident to holding
and storage. This accounts for the
relatively strong movement so far.
The greater part of this crop has gone
abroad, the firms doing an export busi?
ness uniting in saying that the Eng?
lish and continental demand has nev?
er been brisker. The effect is that the
great bulk of the surplus cotton of
the world today, as has been the case
more or less in the past, is in Lan?
cashire whither the majority of the
export business has been directed.
The American mills are now and have
been for some time, save in a few ex?
ceptions, pursuing the same policy of
a hand-to-mouth existence, hoping
against hope for something to turn up
that would indicate an abundant yield.
These hopes have been blasted with
each succeeding government report, so
much so that now it is very generally
admitted that the yield is to be limit?
ed and that the level of prices will be
maintained for fully a year to come,
In fact until another banner crop is
The Southern farmer is a strange
citizen. For years he planted his cot
ion, mortgaged his crop and when the
harvest was gathered, took it almost
in a lump to market and sold it for
what his merchant-creditor was will?
ing to give him for it. He then exe?
cuted another mortgage, if he didn't
have enough money left to carry him
through the winter, for the next year's
crop, etc. And those farmers who did
not mortgage their cotton, rushed it
to market usually within a few months
of the opening of the season and then
the price soared later. However, this
practice has changed in the past few
years. As the result of a campaign
of education and experience, the far?
mers are commencing to diversify
their crops, to market them more in?
telligently, to raise corn, wheat and
stock at home, and in general to exer?
cise Judgment and discretion in the
conduct of their affairs. By reason of
the extension of the use of the rura.
telephone and the rural free delivery
service, the farmer now keeps in inti?
mate touch with the market and can
tell just when to sell o best advanage.
New markets tlT latm products have
been opened up at home by Virtue of
the extension of the manufacturing
interests and there has been a steady
growing Increase in demand for things
other 11.an cotton. Land wuich pre?
viously had Isen used for the cultuie
of cotton was put in wheat, corn and
truck, to the great profit of the far?
The most independent man In the
country today is the farmer. He is in?
deed king In the South. Of l?H<b this
realization has come to him?that he
is really somebody after all and it will
be hard for him to surrender the idea
There 13 talk n iv/ of a very short crop,
of 15 and 16 cents cotton, and there
are many farmers who after paying
up their debts, will hold their cotton
for this price and not part with it un?
til it brings it. And the farmers are
now independent enough to hold their
surplus cotton for months and months
and even years. One was heard to ex?
press himself to this effect yesterday.
He spoke of what he had done?paid
up all his bills, bought new dresses
and clothes for himself and his fami?
ly and laid in whs supplies he need?
ed and quoth he: "I will get 15 cents
for my cotton or wait until the cows
come before I sell the rest my crop."
This seems to be a general sentiment.
A little analysis will show wherein
there is danger. The English spinners
art urging American mills to curtail.
Of course they are. No one has yet
advanced the belief that the English
spinners arc not looking after their
own interests. The significant fact in?
cident to curtailment is the bri.jk ex?
port trade, as great and even greater
than previously, new orders as well as
old, even at the high prices, which
goes to show that the English spinners
have no substantial hope for any great
reduction in the price for some time
to come. The English spinners are
advising American spinners to curtail
and at the same time taking as much
cotton as they can get. This in the
opinion of well posted observers is
very likely to result in unequal dis?
tribution of the raw product so much
so that the prices for spots is going to
soar next spring.
I* has happened before that unequal
distribution has caused mills to pay
as much as 100 to 2?0 points above
the future marks for spots which in
view of the quotations of manufac?
tured goods is on the basis of future
quotations the pinch is evident.
A general closing down of American
mills is not improbable at no very dis?
AVOIDING INSECT PESTS.
How the l?srmers May Circumvent
Destructive Weevils and Flies.
Clemson Colege, Oct. 29.?Mr. A. F.
Conradi, entomolgist of the South
Carolina experiment station, has given
out the following timely and import?
ant information for farmers on stored
grain insects. This is the season when
the barns are being filled to over?
flowing with abundant crops. How
shall they be cared for to keep insects
from doing untold damage? That is
the question discussed by Mr. Con?
The insects most injurious to corn
and other stored grain in this State
are the rice weevil, the grain fly, and
the granary weevil. The granary wee?
vil has practically lost the use of its
wings through long years of domesti
cation, and can therefore, be a nut- 1
sance only in neglected cribs and,
barns. All three species of insects
breed in similar farsion. They lay
their eggs in and among the grain,
and the worms hatched therefrom eat
into the seed and thus do damage.
When the grub is full grown it
changes to the resting, or pupa stage,
and then emerges into the adult wee?
vil. The life cycle from egg to full
grown insect is about six weeks.
The rice weevil may be distinguish?
ed from the granary weevil and all
other corn infesting insects by the
four orange-colored spots on its wings.
It is black, while the granary is
brown. These insects begin to infest
the corn when it begins to harden,
and they must naturally come from
the bin where the grain is stored. It
is absolutely necessary, therefore, that
every bin be thoroughly cleaned every
season before any new corn is stored.
It should be fumigated well so as to
kill as many of the different stages of
the insect as possible.
Ater being brought to the crib corn
should be well fumigated to kill any
Insects thus brought in. Various
methods are recommended. Among
the common ones are salt, salt water
and air-slacked lime. Each has dis?
advantages. Air-slacked lime makes
the husks unpalatable to stock.
When stored in open cribs it is al?
most impossible to do good extermin
ative work. Hence corn should be put
in a specially constructed building,
made weevil proof with gauze over
the ventilators so as to prevent infes?
tation in that way. This will reduce
to a mlnimlum the chance of infesta?
tion from outside, and will make ideal
conditions for fumigation of stored
In such a crib use carbon bisulp?
hide, 2 pounds to 100 bushels. Sat?
ter over the surface of corn like wa?
ter. Little danger of injuring the ger?
minating power of corn this way; but
seed corn may be separated and fumi?
gated in coal oil or kerosene barrels.
Barrels holding three bushels, use 4
ounces bisulhide, cover tightly, and
keep closed for 24 hours.
Experiments with sulphur at the
North Carolina station have given
good results, and often it is more ef?
fective than the bisulphide, but the
flame from the sulphur objectionable.
To clean up empty bins before stor?
ing corn, use 2 1-2 pounds sulphur to
1,000 cubic feet of space, place in
metal dishes, saturate one side with
alcohol, ignit-, and let burn for 24
hours. This injures germination pow?
er of seed, but seed corn can be done
as above. We do not recommend this
because of danger from fire.
Bisulphide is volatile, inllammable,
and explosive, but there is no danger
if fire is kept away. It should not be
handled by people having heart
trouble. If overcome by the gas, re?
sulting In dry feeling of skin, head?
ache and dizziness, exposure to fresh
air will give relief.
The Court of Common Pleas recon?
vened Monday and there Is a civil
docket heavy enough to provide work
for the entire week.
GAME IN AUSTRALIA.
Establishment of Sanctuaries For
Birds And Animals.
(From Daily Consular and Trade Re?
The estoblishment on both private
and public lands of reserves for the
preservation of birds and animals that
are in danger of extinction is com?
manding much attention in the State
of Victoria, and since October last no
fewer than eight new sanctuaries ia
j various parts of the country have been
proclaimed by the government. This
movement is distinct from the ordi?
nary protection extended throughout
I the whole State to kangaroos, platy
I pus, magpies, laug hing jackasses and
I certain other native animals and
birds, the killing of which entails a
I heavy penalty, as a private owner dr
I municipality may set apart a prescrib
I ed tract of land upon which all anl
I mal or bird life may be secure from
I molestation. The department of lands
j of the State encourages the formation
I of these sanctuaries particularly in the
j vicinity of towns, and it is sufficient
I for a private owner or town clerk in
I the case of municipal land to apply
I to that department in order to have a
I reserve proclaimed as a sanctuary ia
I the government Gaxette, and in order
I to avoid confusion or doubt and to
I make prosecutions for a breach of the
j law more practicable the proclama
I tlon not only defines the legal boun
I daries of the area but gives a precise
I description of the natural ones.
In addition to the proclamation of
I many public reserves private land
j owners in increasing numbers are set
I ting apart portions of their properties
j as harbors for bids and animals which
I would otherwise become extinct in the
I localities. The sanctuaries so far pro
I claimed are mostly for the protection
I of birds, and many fine lakes and
I large swamps frequented by those of
I aquatic habits have been prescribed at
I the wish of the owners. The move
I ment, though comparatively new in
I Victoria, began some years ago at
I Holmforth, South Australia, where an
I enthusiast established the first sanc
I tuary on private land without asking
I the aid of a government proclamation
I and the domesticity and trustfulness
I of the birds within its boundaries ex
I cite the wonder and admiration of ev
I ery lover of nature visiting it.
Mr. Rockefeller's Gift.
Once more the South is called on
to give thanks for the aims of the
Mr. John D. Rockefeller has given
a million dollars which is to be used
in fighting the hookworm disease in
the South. The newspapers are full of
praise for him.
The hookworm disease may be a
serious matter, and it ought to be
combatted, of course. But it ought
to be done by ihe people of the South
themselves. We are sorry to see this
section so pauperized before the world
by Mr. Rockefeller's gift.
This gift will make the South ap?
pear before the rest of the country,
and before the world, as a poverty
stricken country, the land of diseased
people who are too poor to doctor
their own ills. A rich man of the
North will be praised to the skies for
having given of his wealth to alleviate
the distress and suffering in the
South. The South will suffer through
the deification of Dives, and we doubt
if any real, substantial good will be
The physicians employed by the
federal and State governments are
qualified to cope with any situation
that exists or may exist in the South.
There is in Mr. Rockefeller's city of
New York more disease and more suf?
fering than there is in all the South.
It is a pity he does not give more at?
tention to the people who need it
We are getting tired of these gifts I
of the rich people to the South. The
intention may be good, but we do not
admire it. The only effect in the
South, if any, is to take away the in?
dependence and initiative of the
Southern people, and make them not
only willing to accept these gifts, but
actually expect them and ask for
We wish Mr. Rockefeller had used
his money to some other purpose. H*?
is attempting, at besi, to do a work
that is now being done by the people
themselves, and which ought to be
done by them and by nobody else.
And we confess to a feeling of sur?
prise and disgust when an official of
j this State slops over in his praise of
Mr. Rockefeller for his gift of money
to fight the hookworm and actually
suggests another gift from him for the
purpose of fighting other diseases!
Indeed the demoralizing effects of
the gifts of Dives are beginnning to
be apparent. Having accepted chari?
ty, we naturally ask for more.?An?
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always bought