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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 06, 1909, Image 1',
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nu SUMT AI WATCHMAN, Eats Mb
i*on?oJldutcd Aug. 2.188
Published Wednesday und Satunla;,
OSTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
SUMTIfiR. 8. C.
jfa 11.10 per annum?In advance.
hQmm Hqoare first Insertion.$1.00
iVaarr ?ubsequent Insertion.60
Contract* for three months, or
r will be made at reduced rates.
communication* which sub
privat?, Interests will be charged
aad tributes of respects
WTTON RKJRAKS RKCORD.
y Higher Than at Any
Civil War at Tide Time
Tor*. Nov. 1.?In aplt? of
?allsing sales, today's cot
ahowed a strength that
? bull Isadora and sent all
two high reeorda for the*
March selling at 16.10
16.16. the highest figures
at this season of the
civil war. This big ad
fltt a weaker opening,
le show of aggressive
jrt of the recognised
laago honsss were buy
was a big public busl?
ines from 14.86, the
le morning, to 16.15
kf&arket closed firm and
Its of the highest for
WIFF, MC 111)1.It
Man Found Gsilty
to be Hanged.
oOiiVlcted in the
laws, now hokl
of his wltt*
The crime of which Edwards wa?
nd guilty Is ssld to have been a
horrible one In that It Is alleged that
Mrs. Eidward* was shot while she wa:?
cooking the dinner, falling Into the
fare and being partially burned.
Fallowing the killing Edwards left
coonty. and was not h?nrd from
until about six months ago, when his
a/dreas whs learned by Sheriff i',u.
?sy through some letters which he
Wrote to persons living In Berkt-h y
eeunty. It was ascertained that he
living In Jacksonville, had mar
4% again and had several children
Ms second wife, end was working
hard snd living comfortably, slthough
mm Is said to have been rather shift
before he disappeared from thin
nty. He was brought back by
riff Causey, who Is credited with
same clever work In the matter, and
case was brought for trial at the
term of court but was continued.
HOOK WORM IN WASHINGTON
Probably s Hundred ( ancs of the Ms*
ease In the Capital of the Nation.
Washington. Nov. t.?People who
ire recently delighted in the fact
t the hookworm disease was prev
In the South, got a good hard
|SjM here todny when It was reported
test at least one hundred cases exist
?eider the very shadow of the capital
^pn>' A well kn >wn physician dis?
easing the situation in Washington
aad especially a case now undergoing
"T hsve never made a specialty of
tropical diseases, and do not pret?nd
?Km know anything about hookworms.
UaVit since 3 have had this case I have
been talking with another physiciun
wwo has made a specialty of it, and
he tails me he has found forty cases
ficht hare in Washington. I would
net be st all surprised If there are a
Cut many here that are riot general
recognised. In fact I should say
that 100 cases per snnum would be s
conservative estimate. Washington Is
oa the northern edge of the region
that Is known to be generally infected
by the hookworm, and It Is not sur?
prising from a medical standpoint tint
r> dlasses has been discovered hart
Is quite possible that the case al?
ready found will lead to a more gen
sraJ crusade against it. though In this
latitude the infection Is not apt to he
mo widespread aa In other regions fur?
One physician with forty cases is a
road record, and It la not Improbable
Mpet there sre hundreds of more here
The raaldence and barn of Henry
/'happen. In Newberry county, were
I destroyed by fire. The fire was sup
? posed to have been of Incendiary orl
;he?l April, 1850.
'lie Just am
THE PRICE OF COTTON.
If AYNK SAYS KMEI CK NTS IS
TOO CM DAP I OK COTTON.
S Out of the Best Posted Cotton Men
und Most Daring Mill Operator,
OIto** 111m Opinion of the Cotton Sit?
New Orleans. Nov. 3.?Mr. Frank
B. Hayne. who has labored constant?
ly for higher cotton prices this season
has outlined the reasons why he is
bullish on the market at 15 cents, as
When the government bureau re?
port, issued on August 2, showed a
condition of 71.9 per cent I felt con?
vinced the crop could not possibly
reach 12,000,000 bales, and that cot?
ton was selling far below Its real val?
ue. When the government report, is?
sued on September 2. showed a con?
dition of 63.7 per cent. I felt satisfied
that 1 1,500.000 bales was the maxi?
mum possible for the crop and at that
time received a telegram from Mr.
J. K. Wiener, of New Orleans, asking
W. P. Brown and myself to telegraph
him in full our views on. the situa?
tion. Mr. Brown was absent so I re?
plied to Mr. Wiener, by telegraph, as
"We look at the situation as fol?
lows. Discounting every favorable
condition that can arise until Decem?
ber 1. the government report indi?
cates a maximum crop of 11,250,000,
and with unfavorable conditions might
easily be 1.000,000 bales less. Con?
sumption last year 15,100,000, in spite
of short time In England and contin?
ent. With largest American crop ev
er produced the price advanced $20 a
balo while being marketed and the
visible supply is far less than two
f??jr% ago. With a certainty that 13,
500,000 will really be needed by the
country and ihat probably less than
11.500,000 will be grown an eventual
advance is simply unavoidable. Un?
tief normal conditions the market
should have certainly advanced to
thirteen cents yesterday, but was kept
^dos?a l?y th*senvismaus-jsc1>lug of. vU>e
bear clique. These sellers base their
uction on the supposed helplessness of
the South, thinking the South will be
forced to sell Its cotton at any price
the spinners are willing to take it at.
We consider that the competition be?
tween spinners who will certainly re?
quire 1.100,000 bales monthly, will
i.ik. ire. of this so-calied distressed
Cotton. if the bankers of the South
will help the farmer to market his
cotton slowly, we firmly believe it
wdl be worth fifteen cents Jn the next
sixty days. The weakness in our opin?
ion of the bears* argument, is that,
although the producer may be foolish
enough to be willing to sell his cotton
far below its actual value, we hard?
ly think that tho spinner will be fool?
ish enough, when he fully realises
the facts of the case, not to start
buying freely at those prices and thus
avoid the scramble for apot cotton
that will surely take place sone time
during the season."
The Southern farmer has sold at
lea?t 5,000,000. It was very hard to
convince the farmer that twelve cents
was not an extreme price for his
product, but through the efforts of
a few f-'outhern men, they finally re?
alised the fact that they were sacri?
ficing their cotton, and I believe that
at least $50,000.000 more has been
obtained for the cotton marketed to
date than would have been If it had
not been for the efforts of this small
coterie of Southern men.
My prediction on September 3 of
fifteen cents In the next sixty days,
has now come true, but at that time
I thought the crop would be from 11,
250.000 bales to 11,600,000 bales. I
now feel most confident that the max?
imum for this crop Is 10,750,000 bales,
the probability is that it will be under
10,500.000 bales. Under the present
conditions I now feel that fifteen cents
Is as much too cheap for cotton as
twelve and a half cents seemed to mo
on September 3.
I give below some figures that may
be Interesting regarding the con?
sumption of American cotton:
Consumption. Total Crop
1*08-0.?..* .. ..12.167,000 13,825,457
1907-0*. 12,112.000 11,571.366
1906-07 . 12.611,000 13.510,982
1903-04. 10,083.000 10,011,374
Increase in consumption since 1903
04. 3.074.000 bales, or 30.49 per
Average crop six years.. 12,305,000
Average yearly consump?
tion six years. 11,994,000
Average crop past three
Average consumption past
three years. 12,627,000
Consumption past three years in
1 Fear not?l/et all the ends Thou Alm
'ER. S. 0? WA'IUBD.
&AYN0R ELECTED MAYOR.
TAMMAXV CANDIDATE WINS ON?
LY HALF A VICTORY.
RtpttbHrjimi Have Almost Everything
Baa In Great City Including Con?
trol of Finances, District Attorney,
New York, Nov. 2.?Tammany
elected another mayor of Greater New
York today but lost its grip on city,
finances. William J. Gaynor of Brook
lyn swept the five boroughs to victory
as mayor by at least 70,000 plurality,
defeating Otto T. Bannard, Republi?
can-fusion, and William Randolph
Hearst, Independent. He failed low
ever, to carry his ticket with him and
the Republican-fusion forces will con?
trol absolutely the board of estimate
and apportionment, which will dis?
burse approximately $1,000,000,00
during the administration. This is
more than half a defeat for Tammany,
for the control of the board of esti?
mate was one of the principal issues
of the campaign.
In addition the Republican-fusion
ist forces elected Charles S. Whitman
district attorney of#New York county,
whf defeated George Gordon Battle,
the . Democratic nominee, by at least
13.000 plurality, and John 8. Shea
for sheriff over Christopher D. Sulli?
van, Democrat, by approximately 10,
CHRISTIAN SOIKNCE FIGHT.
Shining Lights in New York at Odds
With Boston Rulers.
New York. Nov., 4.?Warfare in the
ranks of the Christian Scientists of |
the metropolis reached a critical stage
this afternoon, when the members of
the First Church of Christ, Scientist,
met to consider Mis. Stetson's case.
According to information that has
leaked out, a split in the ranks is
almost inevitable, and the New York
followers of Mrs. Eddy will be di?
vided into rival aumps of the orthodox
und the Protestant.
iU?*Of* Isarn?? 1 thai \b<- botml t>f
trust? es would report to the meeting
its position in regard to the disposal
of Mrs. Augusta E. Stetson as teaoh
er and thv disposal und admonish
ment of the seventeen partition i s
by the central authorities at Boston,
whose action wits approved by Mrs
a member oi the church said thai
the board would either recommend a
suoasssor to Mrs. Stetson and com?
plete Submission to thS Mother
Church, or refuse to obey the latter,
which would be tantamount to a
stand for secession. The majority of
the members, it was said, including
the first and second readers, would
oppose secesHion. If matters should
come to this pass, the member said,
the trustees might refuse to permit
the majority to use the church build?
ing, and a suit at law would be in?
eludes two panicky years.
World * Cotton Spindles.
1904. 113.800.4*6 6
Increase In five years .. 12,000.00*
It will be seen from the above fig
I ures that in 1903-01, know n as the
"Sully Tear*1 the crop was 10,011.000
hales and the consumption only 10,
083.000 bales, and that last year the
consumption had Increased 3.074,000
bales or 30.49 per cent. The visible
supply <?n the 1st of September, this
season, wax 1,472.000 and on the 1st
of September, 1905 was 517,000 bales,
or only 168,000 bales less, therefore,
in thp "Sully Year," with a visible
supply on Sept. 1 Of 517,000 bales and
a crop of 10.011,000 bales, the world
had 10,528,000 bales of cotton, of
which they used 10,083,000 bales. The
visible supply on the 1st of September
this year was 1.4 72,000 bales. If the
rcop should only prove 10,500,000
bales, the world will have a supply of
only 11,972,000 bales, while last year
it actually consumed in spite of short
time in England. 13.157,000 bales, or
a deficit of 1.1 ST..(?00 bales. Why, if
in the "Sully Tear" the crop had on\y
been 7,500,000 bales to 8.000.000
bales, th?- situation would not be as
acute as it will be if this crop only
turns out 10,500.000 bales, yet in that
year cotton sold for over 18 cents. If
every American mill was to run half
time from now until the end of the
season, I do not consider there would
be enough cotton to go around.
The spinners' takings to Oct. 29,
this year were 1.923,000 bales, against
only 801.000 baits same time last
year (which had been the record tak?
ings of any year up to that time and
against 1.14&.000 bales the same timt
Who can tell what price will dls
count the above facts?
s't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and
A.Y. NOVEMBER 6. 1
REPUBLICANS MADE GAINS.
RESULT OF ELECTIONS IN SEV
Tammany Elected Mayor of New
York But Almost Everywhere Else
Pomoiaatio Organezation Fought a
Losing Battle?Tom Johnson De?
feated In Cleveland.
New York, Nov. 3.?The elections
??eld yesterday through the country
Show that Massachusetts and Rhode
.Island have reelected Republican gov?
ernors, while Virginia has returned a
Democrat to this office.
New York city has elected the Dem?
ocratic candidate, Judge Oaynor, to
the office of mayor, while in Philadel?
phia the effort of the reformers to
break the Republican organization
In New Jersey the Republicans held
their own everywhere.
Tom L. Johnson, Democrat, has
been defeated as mayor of Cleveland,
The latest returns from San Fran?
cisco indicate that Francis J. Heney
(Democrat) has been defeated for dis?
In Maryland the paramount issue
was the so-called disfranchising
amendment, designed to eliminate the
negro as a political factor. The re?
turns in this State came in slowly,
and the result is still uncertain. The
indications are, however, that the
j amendment has been defeated.
In Indiana the Republicans scored
several important victories.
The Republicans carried Massachu?
setts by the narrowest margin in the
history of the Bay State for nearly n
quarter of a century. The entire
party ticket was reelected, but Gov.
Draper's plurality was cut down from
30,000 last year to 8,000.
In Rhode Island Gov. Potheir, Rc
publican, was reelected over Olney
Arnold, Democrat, by a substantial
END SKA BOARD RECEIVERSHIP.
Great s.vstciii Begins New Era Of
Prosperity?Outlook is Belter Thun
Washington, Nov. ft.-?Receivers it.
L. Williams. S. I). WarHeld and K. C
Duncan today turned over to the rail?
road company the property of the
Seaboard Air Line, thus ending the
receivership. The action was taken
by order of Judge Prltchard, of the
United Stales Circuit Court at Ashe
ville, X. C, who approved the reor?
ganization plan which had previously
been suhstantily approved by Judge
The Seaboard Air Line Railway
begins its new career ander very fav?
orable circumstances. Under the re?
ceivers about $f>,000,000 has been ex?
pending in improving the road, and
its physical condition is better tod .y
than ever ? of ore.
Earnings of the company are Kufti
cu nt to pay fixed charges. Including
interest on the $115,000,000 adjustment
5 per cent, bonds, and leave q com?
fortable sum for profit and loss sur?
plus, and the system is just enterins
the best traffic months.
Wit', harmony or. the board and all
interests working for the common
good of the property, it would seem
there is.no good reason why the Sea?
board Air Line Railway should not
soon rank with the most prominent
lines of the South, for the territory it
serves is rich and developing at ?
Stoi k and bond holders of the com
pany suffered in the past on account
of had management and conflict of
interests, but In future they will de?
mand a strict accounting from those
In control and will not tolerate condi?
tions which brought about the com
i any's embarrassment.
SILVER SERVICE PETE DELAYED
Battle Ship South Carolina Will Not
Come Here Before Spring.
Columbia, Nov. 2.?Governor Ansel
was today notified by the navy depart?
ment that the battle ship South Caro?
lina will not be completed before Jan?
uary 15, and that it will be "two or
three months" before she can he got?
ten Into shape to he sent to Charles?
ton for ceremonies Incident to the pre?
sentation of the silver service. The
$5,000 silver servece which the legis?
lature provided for to be presented
to the new battle ship will be ready for
presentation by January 15. The pre?
sentation WIN have to be postponed
until a later date.
It was the desire of Governor Ansel
to have the members of the legislature
attend the presentation in a body, but,
of eourse, this plan Will have to be
909. New Seri
QEG1SIQN AGAINST BOWERS
LABOR LEADER MUST GO TO
Conrl of Appeals Sustains Verdict of
Supreme court of District of fjo
Washington. Nov. 2.?The decree of
the Supreme Court of the District of
Columbia adjudging President Sam?
uel Gompers, Secretary Frank Morri?
son and Vice President John Mitchell
of the American Federation of Labor
guilty of contempt of court in the
Bucks Stove and Range case was af?
firmed today by the Court of Appeals
of the District of Columbia. The case
will now be taken to the Supreme
Court of the United States.
Chief Justice Shepperd dissented
from the opinion of the court on con?
The court declared that the funda?
mental issue was whether the consti
tuteonal agencies of government
should be obeyed or defied. The mere
fact that the defendants were the of?
ficers of organized labor in America,
said the coun, lent importance to the
case and added to the gravity of the
situation, but it should not be permit?
ted to influence the resO.lt.
Gompers Issues Statement.
New York, Nov. 2.?President Sam?
uel Gompers, of the American Feder?
ation of Labor; issued a statement in
regard to the decision.
"With r.U due respect to the major?
ity of the court I cannot surrender
constitutionally guaranteed rights be?
cause a Judge will issue an injunction
invading and denying these rights.
Chief Justice Shepard's dissenting
opinion is in defense of the constitu?
tional and inherent rights. Minority
opinions of courts in the past in which
human rights have been invaded have
ultimately prevailed, become the law
of the land and the generally accepted
rule of life, and I have an abiding
faith that the rule in this case will
prove no exception.
"If ] nu'sl ga SS jail I^ shall have tb*
consciousness Of the fact that other
men have In the past been compelled
to suffer In defense of justice and
right in the cause of humanity, and
for the maintenance Of human lib?
"I intended to stay over here to?
morrow to finish Up my report for
the annual convention at Toronto, a'nl
..lso to attend the wedding of the
j daughter of n very dear friend of
mim1, but l am going to change my
plans and shall leave s ? I can jet Into
Washington as soon as i can. I want
to be within the jurisditclon of the
court, whatever disposal is made of
PKARY GAIN'S A POINT.
Invited by Nutlonal Geographic So?
ciety to Lecture Before It.
Washington. Nov. 1.?Commander
Robert B. Peary practically was en?
dorsed as a discoverer of the North
Pol i by the National Geographic So?
Bvery indication points to the fact
that Peary's personal statements be?
fore the substitute committee of the
society today convinced its members
that he had set foot on the top of the
world. The explorer has been invited
to deliver the first of his public lec?
tures before the society here on No?
vember 12, and it was pointed out to?
night that had proofs been open to
the slightest question he would not
have Inen asked t" appear.
it was announced tonight that a
public statement of the findings of the
societ] would probably be forthcom?
ing <?u Wednesday. This rapidity in
determining the genuineness of
Peary's claim that he reached the
Pole On April (?. last, is taken to mean
that there is no difference Of opinion
among three experts who are delving
into his Arctic data, and that they are
convinced of his honesty.
JAIL DELIVERY AT GREENVILLE.
Seven Prisoners Make u sutMv^fu]
Da^h tor Liberty.
Greenville, Nov. l.?Seven negroes,
several of whom were under life sen?
tences, broke the jail here tonight and
made their escape, knocking Jjuler
Phillips down, and running out of the
back door into the street The deliv?
ery occurred about twenty minutes to
7 o'clock, there being no officer In the
iail at the time with the exception of
Warden Phillips. The latter is badly
bruised, but suffers no serious hurt.
Dne of the prisoners, Will McCullough,
was captured soon after the occur
ence t y Reuben Gosnoll, a constable
or one of the magistrates The jailer
And several officers have gone in pur
?uit of the remaining six, but at last
'eporti none of them has been cap
1 SOUTIIKOX, Established Hm >8*?
es?Vol. XXX. 1*. 21.
TRIALS IN CHESTER
MORE DISPENSARY BILJa e r IN?
Charge of Bribery Against Jawi<m Kur?
il um and Charge off C< h*<plracy
Against Rawlinson, W?r*. Rlack,
Earnuni, Earley, Gootimao - Sol
omons Laid Before <5ht??l**? Grand
Chester, Nov. 1.?Attorr* > general
J. Fr?ser Lyon, who has teen here all
day in conference with Sollt he i J. K.
Henry, this afternoon had the latter
hand the grand Jury the it wowing
bills of indictment:
1. The State vs. Jas. B F;unum,.
indictment for bribery.
2. The State vs. Jodie 10 Rawlin
son, Jos. B. Wylie, John Biae*. Jas.
S. Farnum, John T. Earley, Person
A. Goodman and H. Lee Solcr.otns, in?
dictment for conspiracy.
Bill No. 1 charges Jamee V Farnum
with having on the sixth day of
Mareh, 1906, at Chester, SJ C . cor?
ruptly offered, given, and premised to
Joseph B. Wylie, a gift or gratuity of
the value of $1,575 to influtare his
vote as a member of the ei???nsary
board in the purchase of llsjunrs for
Bill No. 2. after recitir.g the lact
that Messrs. Rawlinson, W>hr and
Black were the duly elected 'tprcsen
tatives of the people ef Snath Caro?
lina to purchase liquors for the State
dispensary, charges that th<j did at
Chester on March S. 19??, ag?ee to
accept rebates offered by the cth r
defendants in a manner conttary to
their oath of office and airstnatj the
peace and dignity of the Statt The
bills were given to the grai^i jorj and
Messrs. Jos. B. Wylie, Homy Samuels:
and Robert Gage sworn as witnesses.
The grand jury after summoning the
witnesses before them put oft or??sid
eration of the bills until tomorrow
morning, at which time test witnesses
will be recalled and the MR*, taken
There is intense excisemen! h? *? ov?
er the sudden appearanc* b1 Attorney
General Lyon and his action (his af?
ternoon, ar.d it is safe to ray thai ?
monster crowd will be er? band to?
morrow morning when the grand jur>
Chester, Nov. 2.?The grand jury
found true bills against Jodie M.
RawltnSOn, Joseph B. Wjlfe >0>"
Black, James s. Farnum, John' I
EC rley. Morton A. Coodo.au :.<?ri HI
Lee Solomons for conspnao and
James S. Farnum for bribery
Bench warrants were issued roi lb<
arrest of Rawienson, Bla< ?? i'.nnum
Solicitor Henry moved .n ui irt thi
afternoon that bench PJaremts be
sworn out for the parties named with
the exeception of Wylie, Karle y and
M. A. Goodman, who are State's wit
uesses, with bond at $5,S0$ to insure
their appearance at the seal term of
court, which is in April nest TtsSJS
warrants will at once be prepared an'T
sent to Charleston, Colurnhw* and th?
other points where the partfci in.
question reside, for servu"
Attorney General Lyon has been
here all of yesterday and ledaj re?
turning to Columbia this evening and
his and Solicitor Henry s plane art
all well laid. It is learned thai th.
grand jury this morning was not only,
very willing to indict the parties nam?
ed In the above mentioned bills but
were anxious to have otb?f brought
In who are said to have figured in
dispensary affairs. Howevei th?
prosecution will content Ihomsehree
>i the present with proceeding
against those who have been noased,
as some of the others liv? m distant
communities, and the expense of
bringing them to trial would h. bears
and it Is known that cert;;:;, ?therf
haw turned State's evid? ie I thufr
making the case of the State strenger.
The witnesses examined today were
Henry Samuels, former mayoi of
Chester. Joe B. Wylie nnd ?\obert
Gaga, cashier of the Commercial
Tank, whose marking of .? hid shew?
ed Where Farnum is alleged t< hav*
paid Wylie money through the agency
>f Samuels, and the gram! .'j?y on
the strength of what thes< witnesses
testified b?st no time in bringing in
Attorney General Lyon, a* ,*> his
custom, is very reticent, but it Ig gajg
to see that lie thinks he will get hi*
men next time, and this opinion is
shared by Solicitor Henry, who has
lone a good deal of silent work on
the Cases and will push them with all
>t his accustomed vigor.
A. J Lemacka, a v*ell known cltam
it Walterhoro, died suddenly from a
itroks of paralysis.
Senor Joe Leuderitz. of Braiil, is
itudying rice planting in the lower
lection of the State,