Newspaper Page Text
5|jf ???kbmaR mto Routinen.
**TUROAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1909.
1 #i? Sum'.?t Watchman was found?
ed in tstO and the True Southron in
104*. The Watchman and Southron
Ms has the combined circulation and
?ntfucMce of both of the old papers,
mm I i. manifestly the best advertising
m "H?jm km Sumter.
flD0fftl> llOAltl? MKKTIXG.
?siaw v? Managers for County Hold
Mealed y Ko#don.
Iii? regular monthly meeting of the
Oaasltf Board of Commissioners was
he* 4 Vuesday with all members pres
mi* A.- W. Newman presented a pe?
tto %k\ Asking that ? road running from
"fv? w Read" at the place of B. B. Sey
m imr m J intersecting the Manning
ess Sum tec road at J. J. Brltton's
ite?e be mi de a public highway.
Hiv? bo are. granted the petition, pro
rl* : i ell rights of way are given by
lane ewners and the citizens first put
the ro?d in good traveling condition
stnuui cost to the county, with the
?xr?*??.< m of the necessary lumber for
afr. $ P. Ires, old Confederate sol?
ller was granted the county pension
?<tt per month.
I' wa? moved, seconded and carried
he/ the matter of continuing the em
)!**-* n*nt of the floating gang on
'uedfc and budges for the coming year,
?f ?tie. he left to the discretion of the
Heswiftor, Iis In the Judgment of the
?ear (1 the dialing gang was an ocon
?MSt/ and success.
1>i presentment ot the grand Jury
it twe f ill term of court was read and
list f?%rt of It relating to the nuisance
?f r* owing up the roads was fully dis?
ci*.-t with s view of discovering
os?; wir t> abate the said nuisance,
t w-i* rooolved to request those mem
Mrs >( Ike grand Jury who were pos
ieos*i of definite knowledge of such
?er*** >r persons who have been gull
y it *u-h treaspass upon the public
om4* te assist the supervisor and
MCJtssj -;ionera by lodging with them
ruOi ??r>riiiation as would enable the
nsp-rvisor te apprehend the guilty
parties. Actio? will be taken at once
ape* any information sufficiently defi?
nite 'a onvict persons guilty of plow?
ing **? er otherwise damaging the
swbii . roads.
*lt%c usual number of bills were au?
dited *4id ordered paid and after dis?
posing of all routine business the
be? 1 adjourned.
mm Mr in cotton.
Mev.Mional Decline FoUowm General
?4fW4ats>a?Unit Prices 17 to ?I
Is**** Im wer, With Current Crop
14*1 rcries at Peusust Le*vel.
Psra York, Nsr. 4.?There aas a
ssa*oti<>njl break In the cotton mar?
ket vOdAr as a result of general liqui
dan fallowing persistent rumors
ths *hc big bull leaders had liquidat?
ed -?*ir Ions; lines. The market found
very little support and the close v. a*
wee* st s net decline of 27 to 61
pofe?* generally 4? to II points lower
us "errant crap deliveries.
1?** opening was easy at a decline
if ' t.# I? points, and shortly after
t* ?? RapBlftg active months were 21 to
.?../?.?>?. net lower in response to low?
er ?aierpool cables and selling for a
rea< ? ?n by local professionals. Cov?
ern?* "/ foreign straddlers furnished
the market some support during the
me?" ? < ?ni slight rallies occurred
but IM c the volume of Iquidatinn be
' isermons with autatders fright*
??fi *??/ the i-ontinued nawance oi bull
surr >? and rumors that the lesdlng
?#?:: e ??.>? hid out stop los., orders
sver? lught on the decline and the
mar ' lurlni the rest of the day was
sen*" ? mally weak.
Jgjs *ry rontracK wold .?ff to 1 \
ana" lajat it If, or si t? points low?
?f. a*> < at ?4 to r.7 psejlnts below
th?? ?? ?.b i " I , of t he pre. iou.-: da) ?
l?iu' . it were ?it Ik* lowest. Tie
f*? thit Ills lead'ng hulls did not
?I i< suppoi t or thi. ni irket on
UM ' rent wa* taken by many as eon?
hrr ag therumora regarding the Ikiul
flntlss oi Um t?ig lang Haas durlni
th? <????? two or three days and ?\hil<
th-*** wa., no p.irtlcul.ii (banne in tie
n^w. peatim '?it was ? redewtly rtrj
?m enssttfed 0agns thought Um
hr* itlling reflected Ike aotsthlltt)
of a. teas bulMak report from the Na<
Impal CMnners' AgMclntlot betweet
no** nn i the end of tin- week thai
h*i* been looked f?o earlier. Houthart
si* ? saai .>\~ reporteM early, were iiri
Ch?> d ? ? I?|?c l<>\ver.
i spits ii ib. ports todaj li?9SI
pasSgajgnipSt rit.tHt laat we.d; and
%?. i \*m year, Pog Um week II.
ba'ft* 4W.iln-*t IM 'iTl kbH West and
dSittfl lapt paar? Taday'i reeelpts at
Mpaj Qrleana 7.H1H >>ih agalnnt 1 ??
Sf7 l*it yen. At HouhImh U.ipd
balev igalnst IH.'iJS bint v?ar.
Sp*rt cotton closfd ipibt. J*. points
I I n i Idling uplands It It; mid
J'' i uulf 15.21; sales HI bales Ku
- vipelind aaS| and im I
iUnit i Mtates f over nn
ssn I road axfH*r|s and phot- de i
a*JtaMlfAtjaiplIni to ?t ad:. e
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs. President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers* Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual oenefit to all concerned,
All communications for ti ls Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayeeville, S. C.
Some Random Tlioughts.
The two articles about how to ?et
fruit trees, and putting waste land in
locusts are well worth a careful read?
ing. We should devote more time to
growing fruit for the health consider?
ations of our families regardless of
what money might be made of the
surplus or saved by making fruit take
the place of more expensive and less
nutritious diet. There never was a
better time for the farmers of this
section to begin. With all farm pro?
ducts bringing almost fabulous prices
we do not need to consider so much
the cost of putting in some fruit, and
ornamental or useful trees. Another
clipping deserving special mention is
the one about beautifying the home.
It will be necessary to have some
fencing to do any of this work prop?
? ? i
One of our greatest needs before we
begin to farm properly is more fences.
Every Held should be fenced off, and
crops so arranged that there will be
no conflict of harvests. This is work
the union should take up and discuss
until every farm is back under fence,
The union must also spend some of
the time of Its meetings this winter in
full and free discussions of the right
balance of crops on the farm not only
for next year but for years to come.
Do not lot us go wild on 15 cents cot?
ton. With pork at 20 cents a pound
in our city markets we can make more
money by feeding the people than by
clothing them when the labor is con?
sidered. Any way some of our atten?
tion should be given to growing hogs
I wish we had space to publish the
results of the boys corn contest this
year. When our boys find there can
be grown four or five times as much
crops on an acre as we are now do?
ing, there will not be so many of them
rushing off to other professions.
Planting Fruit Tree*
Now is the best time for planting
fruit trees of all sorts in the South,
with the single exception of figs. Most
Inexperienced planters want to get
trees thee or four years old with the
idea that they will give fruit sooner,
while the reverse is truue. I have long
since quit planting any fruit trees old?
er than one year?peach trees, of
course, have always been planted as
yearlings?but apples and pears and
other fruit trees have commonly been
let grow in the nursery till three or
four years old.
The consequence is, that the nurs?
eryman, knowing that most people
want a tall tree, heads his trees three
or four feet from the ground, and
when such trees are planted, this
height Of stem must be accepted with
all its disadvantages.
Hut the tree that has been in the
nursery but a single season is a mere
switch, with live buds from the ground
up, and is just in shape for the or?
chard planter to form the tree as it
should be. Such trees can be sold for
a lower price, cost less to pack and
freight, and live better when trans?
But the greut advantage in planting
yearling trees is that the grower can
make low-headed trees, and in these
days of spraying, low-headed trees
are very Important for ease in spray?
But there are other reasons why we
should have trees with short stems,
j The only need for a stem to a tree is
to carry the head, and if we have
enough for that purpose, there is no
need for growing extra feet of stem.
The taller the tree the more liable it
is to be blown over, the more the fruit
is blown off. and the more it is bruised
by a long fall. It is easier, too, to
gather fruit from a low tree than
from a tall one?and another impor?
tant matter in the South is, that it is
easy to protect the stem that is only a
foot long from the sun until the top
shades it over, for sun-scald is often a
serious damage on a tall, exposed
Having, then, trees of the proper
age, how shall we plant them? Form?
erly writers on fruits placed great
stress on the importance of digging
and saving all the roots. Of course, it
is important that the trees should he
carefully lifted .and the roots protect?
ed from drying out in th<? sun and
v ind, and good nurserymen fuily un
Hot no matter how. carefully a t*ee
Is lifted from the nursery, nor how
^art fully it is packed, the root hairs
en tfce extremity of the fine fibers are
all destroyed, and as these ro >t hubs
aie the only part of the roDt that
takes ioeu from the soil it is of the
giea*f.tt importance that new' ?ne?
shall be formed as soon as possible
after planting. The new fibers and
root hairs are more quickly formed on
roots pruned with a sharp knife than
fr >m the old dried-op fibers. Hence
we fiod that good p.uong of the roots
before plantng is important. It has
been shown that, we may now prwne
off all the roots to ?a mere stub as long
as one's finger and can then plant the
tree in a hole made with a crow-bar,
and It will live and grow.
I am not ready to advise such radi?
cal pruning, but do advise pruning all
roots to about six inches in length,
making a clean sloping cut on the un?
derside of the root. The preparation
of the ground is, of course, rather im?
portant. It should be broken and sub
soiled sixteen inches deep, and if the
rows are checked out with a good two
horse plow, there wil be no need f >r
digging holes for the trees at the in?
tersections. For apple trees, maketh ji
rows 35 or 40 feet apart each way;
the greater distance for the strongest
soil. At 40 feet apart you can plant
peach trees between the apples, and
they will have run their course and
can be removed by the time the ap?
ples need all the room.
Bee that the trees are lined in well
in both directions, If only for'looks. In
planting, ram every inch of soil as it
Is put in as tight as though setting
a gate-post, putting the surface soil in
the bottom of the furrows. Never put
any manure In contact with the roots
of a tree. If the soil needs the man?
ure, put it on after planting.
Having the tree planted, cut the top
off just above a bud about 18 to 20
inches from the ground?you will then
have rows of little stumps. In the
Spring as the growth starts select J
three or four buds to form the limbs
to carry the head and rub off all buds
below. Do not have the limbs start
opposite, but arrange around the stein
in natural order from within a foot of
the ground up. Then, if care is till-*
in th subsequent pruning to form a
round, open head, you will have tin
The Keiffer pear tree should hav< a
different pruning from the apple, it
is naturally inclined to make long side
limbs that are apt to break down. In
planting a Keiffer pear tret- 1 would
use the same yearling trees as of ap?
ples, but instead of cutting it hack t<>
a short stem I would leave the switch
entire to form a central stem, cutting
it only slightly back to four feet in
height. Then in spring I w ould let all
the buds start from the ground up.
and would rub off those below a foot
and all weak shoots above so as t>?
leave the limbs free from interference.
Then keep the lower limbs the longs!
and form the tree to a regular pyra?
mid. This will require a good deal oi
summer pinching, hut it is the best
form for the Keiffer.
In all subsequent growth, or apples
pa icularly, watch the start of water
sprouts in the centre of the tree and
rub them out while young.?Prof.
IfaSSey In Progressive Farmer.
PLANT LOCVST TltF.KS.
Many Gullied Spots Might Thus Be
Made Fertile and Productive.
Messrs. Editors: About twenty
years ago 1 began to plant black lo?
cust sprouts in waste and bady wash?
ed lands on my place, using such spots
as could never be restored to cultiva?
tion. These places can be made both
profitable and beautiful by planting
them to black locust, and I know j
there are many thousand farms in the |
South with just such places all wash?
ed and gullied. ]
These should be planted to locust,
and thus he m>tde to produce millions
of pests and poles where they now
I have set over a thousand in tin
last few years, and they have a great
many springing up all around them
which makes quite a thicket of them.
This Ii best, because ivhere they are
thick they grow tall and straight. One
of mv eigheen-year-old trees blew
down and we made twenty-two nice
posts from it. I don't know of any
timber that is its equal for durability
except the nag (ft orange or Bols d'arc.
Cattle are very fond of locust sprouts,
and will keep them eaten clean where
they become a nuisance to any one.
The young trees make the best hubs
for all kinds of vehicles, and also the
toughest and most lasting ship pins
and braces. The timber also puts on
a very nice polsih.
One man planted two acres of badly
washed lands to locust sprouts eight
feet apart then when he threshed his
wheat close by he used the straw as
a mulch between the trees to shade
the land and keep it moist and from
an acr Wh
and trie* that cam - i;j among ?tae.ru
but he n fu-<-<i In m H tfe tying t->
the partial tint II at II years they
wonld make Single posts, in 12 more
years they would he worth four timc*^
IS90 or $i,2iuj an acr.-. I don't know
how he came out. hut I do know he
had ;i good thing Oi it and made two
acres of gullied and practically worth?
less land pay him tiie best profit for
the hast labor of any land he had.?
.1. W. Day in ItPf lesnfVS Farmer.
It Pays to Make a I?reity Home.
Did it ever i Dour t<> you that it pays
to make a beautiful lawn and plant
it well with shrubs and flowers? Take
two farms side by stele, one with a
bare house and cotton fields right up
to the door, and another along-side^
with a well painted house, a nicfj
smooth roadway ami beautifully kept
and planted lawn. Put those two
farms up for safe and, though there
may be the same number of acres and
just as good land on one as on the
other, the house with grass, trees and
dowers will sell for more money fc4i
every acre than the other one will. I
have seen instances of this.?W. F.
Massey in Progressive Farmer.
*When a cold becomes settled in the
system, it will take several days' treat?
ment to cure it. and the best remedy
to use is Chamberlain's Cough Rem?
edy. It will cure quicker than any
other, and also leaves the system m a
natural and healthy condition. Sold
by W. W. Sibert.
Thomas Hoffman died in Orange
burg as the result of a stroke of perm
*Lame back comes on suddenly and
is extremely painful. It is caused by
rheumatism of the muscles. Quick re?
lief is afforded by applying Chamber?
lain's Liniment. Sold by W. W. Si?
The Dun Mercantile Agency has
opened an office in Gieenvelle.
?Many school chih'ien suffer from
constipation, which is often the cause
of seeming stupidity at lessons. Cham
Ik Cam's Stomach and Liver Tablets
are an ideal medicine to give a chi.
for they are mild and gentle in thei
fff?rr. and will cure ev#?n chronic ojo
*ttpr.tion. Sold by W. W, Sibert.
FOK B\%MJR -Three nee gilts left, one
pun brad t.-.rvhire and with
trace of Poland China. Two cr
three cows will be fresh in milk iuA
ter. Several undressed sleep skins
at a dollar each; about that value
in wool on them. After washing,
fine for botom of buggy or bedside.
Goat skins 50c. E. W. Dabbs, Mayes
ville, S. C Nov. 4th. _
FOR SALE?The McLeod place, Ml
1-2 acres, fins Wateree River
swamp, cotton and grain land, ?ear
R. R. depot. J. ft. Sumter, Sum
I ter, S. C. 10-l?-tt
O'Donnell & Co.
"The Big Store That Fair Dealings Built.
Do You Need House Furnishings?
t If you do pay us a visit to our recently enlarged house furnishing department, which occupies a good
space on our second floor. Here you will find a complete stock of Mattings, Rugs, Art Squares, Linoleum,
Lace Curtains, Portiers, Window Shades, Couch Covers, Door Mats, Etc., all at money saving prices.
When you have any of the above items to buy, give us a call and let us show you. We will make the
time you take with us pay you well.
From the best that's made
down to ioc per yard.
That sell for 525 down to a
Square for $3.50.
Of all kinds. The best and
the cheapest. Priced as low
as Q5 cents.
A line to bewilder you. As
cheap as 50 cents pair.
Maas?Door Wire, Rubber aa\d Creo. V
GvirtaJri Poles acrid R^ods.
All colors and qualities. You
need not spend more than
$2.75, unless you want our
Which include the Duplex
Two-color Shade, and then
down to j^c, if you wish.
LINOLEUM AND OIL CLOTH
All widths from 36 to 72 ins.
.Ml prices too, up to Si.25
TABLE COVERS ANDCOUCH COVERS
All the new designs. At
prices from $5.00 down.
Grass Maring in all the Shades. The H?Lrd-wearing Floor Covering.
O'Donnell & Co.