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II FERTILIZER BATE.
rJUXKOM? COMMISSION MARKS
AS IMPORTANT RULING.
mm Controversy I* Settle*!?Former
Cmvular U Revoked ?iwl New Rate
Mm Change*! In Several IteMpeeH.
Col tmbla. Nov. 3.?The railroad
tfaslon has announced Its (Ic?
on the controversy over ratal
fertilizer, revoking Its former de
reduclng the rates about 15 per
and drawing up a new schedule,
hre December 6. making the re?
factions about 8 per cent. It also re?
ihe minimum carload weight
15 tons to 10 tons.
?m? time ago the commission Is
I elcrular 129. which decreased
fertilizer rates. Circular 12; was
ib!e to the following roads In
State Atlantic Coast Line. Sea
Air Una railroad, Southern
ly. Charleston St Western Caro
rallway, Columbia. Newberry &
UM Railroad company. Blue
|t> Railway company and to all
aMpmfnta moving over these lines
tailing orlg'*< and destination in South
fltaa on other lines.
When the circular was issued Sep
>r 15 was named as the effective.
This date was finally postponed
November 1, after representa
of the railroads of the State had
*d before the commission and
that the rates on fertilizer be
reduced and that circular 129 be
lied. The commission took all
lent presented at that hearing
consideration and announced a
circular, which Is really an ad
ient of fertiliser rates.
Circular No. 131, Issued on July 28,
The following Is the new fertiliser
Jg+eclat freight rates on fertiliser,
?slued, - Inlmum weight 20,000
mmnds. per ton of 2,000 pounds.
Applicable between points In South
Ina on the following railroads:
tic Coast Line Railroad corn
Seaboard Air Line railroad,
them Railway Company, Charles
m Western Carolina Railway com
% Columbia, Newberry St Luurvna
road company. Blue Ridge Rall
t company, and to shipments mov
over these lines having orgln and
it Ion In South Carolina on other
miles and under.$ .75
Salle? and over 10.85
miles and over 15.85
?alles and over 20.1.05
miles and over 15.1.10
miles and over 30.1.15
miles and over 35. . . . 1.25
miles and' over 40. . , . 1.30
miles and over 45. . . . 1.35
miles and over 60.1.40
mils* and over 65. . . . 1.45
miles and over 10.1.60
miles and over 65.1.65
miles and over 70.1.60
miles and over 75.1.65
miles and over 80.1.70
miles and over 86.1.75
miles and over 90.1.80
tmM miles and over 16.1.85
miles and over 100.1.90
? miles and over 106.1.96
miles and over 110.S.00
miles and over 111.2.06
miles and over 120.2.10
miles and over IIS.1.16
miles and over 130.2.20
miles and over 111. . . . 2.26
mi las and over 140.2.30
S? miles and over 146.2.35
mW mlle? and over 160.2.40
.Mfw miles and over 160.2.46
lit miles and over 170.1.50
-H9? miles and over 180.2.65
Wm miles and over 190.2.60
miles and over 200. .? . . . 2.65
mllea and over 210.2.70
miles and over 220. 2.75
miles and over 230. 2.75
miles and over 240. 2.75
miles and over 250. 2.75
miles and over 260. 2.76
394) miles and over 270. 2.75
fit miles and over 280. 2.75
tit miles and over 290. 2.75
Jit mllea and over 300. 2.75
839 miles and over 310.2.75
tit miles and over 320. 2.75
340 miles and over 330. 2.75
miles and over 340. 2.75
miles and over 350. 2.75
The above rates a~e subject to a re?
daction of 20 per cent, on Intrastaie
shipments moving between points in
Hottth Carolina over two or more
railroad routes not under the
is management or control, and are
live December 6, 1909, superced
?aw circular No. 72. dated April 8,
19416. and all rat?? In conflict.
Father Was In Invalid.
It had ben a hard day in the field
msd father and ion were very hungry.
Tl*r only things eatable on the table
were twelve very large apple dump?
lings. The father had consumed ten
while the boy was eating one, and
then both reached for the one remain
~Hon." pleaded the farmer, "you
wouldn't take the last apple dumpling
from your poor sick pa, would you?"
If someone would only discover that
traft, too. Is * disease!?Charleston
Ifcws and Courier.
A GEORGIA YARN.
?THIBK OF BURDEN" KMANUEL
largest Family So Far Reported?
Mm. Ellxal>etli Durden Has 2tt9 Liv?
ing ' Descendants.
Swainsboro, Ga.. Ott. 30.?Apropos
to large families Emanuel cour.ty can
boast of a family with two hundred
and sixty-nine living members, that Of
Mrs. Elizabeth Durden, of Norrisiown,
Ga. Mrs. Durden was born In 1817
where she now resides within one
mile of Norrlstown, Ga. She Is a
daughter of Nathan Barwick and
Elizabeth Whltten Barwick. !3arly In
life she married William Durden, who
died about forty years ago. She Is the
mother of eleven children, all living.
Her tribe has Increused until at pres?
ent there are sixty-five grandchildren,
forty-three of this number being boys,
OJM hundred and eighty great grand?
children and ten great-great-grand?
Mrs. Durden is a consistent member
of the Primitive Baptist church, hav?
ing Joined at Old Canoochee about 40
years ago. Her mind is still active
and her eyesight good. At the pres?
ent time she is able to read without
glasses and can get about without as?
Mrs. Durden is a sister of Mrs. Eli?
za Youmans, the mother of the eight
heavy weight Youmans brothers. The
weight of these eight brothers aggre?
gating more than sixteen hundred
pounds. These are Judge John E.
Youmans, who was for several terms
Ordinary of Emanuel county, Nathan
Youmang member of Board of Educa?
tion, S. H. Youmans, former deputy
sheriff, T. W. Youmans, E. 9. Tou
mans, member of the Board of Roads
and Revenue Commissioners George
Youmans, Lott Youmans and Lawson
Cesare Lombroso, the noted Italian
crimlnologist. who died October 19
laat, is thus described by u former
member of the scholar's household in
Turin: "In appearance he was most
uniraposing. Diminutive, very, stout,
with a stiff, projecting bit of chin
beard, he had a very long waist and
very short legs. This gave him in
walking the effect of pushing along
over the ground. He took small steps
and waa always the same abstracted,
far-away visionary, thinking of some?
thing that had little or nothing to do
with the present. I think that it was
his prosaic, almost comical appear?
ance that prevented us as children
from appreciating what a great man
we were associating with. With some
amusement I now recall how his fam?
ily were forced to guard him from the
depredations of a world he was ill-fit?
ted to resist. In fact, it was no exag?
geration to say that without his de?
voted wife he would have been pen?
niless in no time. A man of unbound?
ed kindness, he could never resist ap?
peals for assistance. He received
countless such appeals and, needless
to say, most of them were impostures.
I have a vivid memory of his uncon?
cern about dress. Many a lime when
he started out to the unhersity his
wife had to run after him and bring
him back to put on his necktie.
Equally careful she had to be to see
that he did not wander fort h on cold
mornings without a overcoat. Dress
In general Professor Lombroso re?
garded as a bothersome necessity; he
considered that he lacked the time to
give to such niceties."
The Wisdom of Silence.
The late Judge Silas Bryan, the
father of William J. Bryan, once had
several hams stolen from his smoke?
house. He missed them at once, but
said nothing about it to any one. A
few days later a neighbor came to
"Say, Judge," he said, "I hear'd yew
had some hams stol t'other night."
"Yes," replied the Judge, very con?
fidentially, "but don't tell any one.
You and I are the only onen who know
Among the Sa;n Franciscanj who ex?
press themselves as weary of the graft
prosecutions, the voice of the grafter
himself rises loud and clalr.?Phila?
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There Is only one way to cure deaf?
ness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness 's caused by an
inflamed condition of the mucous lin?
ing of the Eu8tacblan Tube. When
this tube is inhumed you have a rum?
bling sound or imperfect nenring, and
when It is entirely closed, Deafness is
the result, and unless the inflamma?
tion can be taken out and this tube
restored to its normal corditlon, hear?
ing will be destroyed forever; nine
cases out of ten arc caused by Ca?
tarrh, which Is nothing but an ln?
llamed condition of the mucous sur?
We will give One Hurdred Dollars
for any case of Deafnes* (caused by
catarrh) that cannot be cured by
Hall's Cutarrh Cure. Send for circu?
lars free. F. J. CHENEY" & CO.,
Sold by Druggists, 7&(.
Take Hall s Family Pi Is for consti?
KXGUSH SUFFRAGETTE ATROCI?
Rrutnl Treatment Received at Humls
Of Prison Officials by Foolish Wo?
men Who Want 1 lie llallot.
London, Oct. 30.?Those tender?
hearted Englishment who are always
so greatly concerned about atrocities
in the Congo, or Russia, or Morocco,
now have an opportunity to shed a
few tears about homegrown cruelty.
Whatever one may think of the suf?
fragettes and their methods of com?
manding attention, no real man can
read of the atrocities perpetrated upon
defenseless women in British jails
without experiencing a boiling of the
Mood. The "water cure." as adminis?
tered in the Philippines, were kind?
ness compared with the treatment of
some of the suffragettes. The physi?
cians and jailers implicated in the
Atrocities do not deny them, but take
a sort of pr'de in What they call the
"humbling" of the suffragettes.
Mrs. Leigh, one of the victims, tells
a sworn story in which handcuffs,
padded cells and worse atrocities fig?
ure. She was one of those who, when
confined in prison, refused to partake
of food. Her story is in part as fol?
""On my arrival at Winson Green
Gaol I protested against the treatment
to which I was subjected, and broke
the windows in my call. According?
ly at 9 o'clock in the evening I was
taken to the punishment cell, a cold,
dark room on the ground Moor?light
only shines on very bright days; no
furniture in IL
"A plank bed was brought in; I was
then strapped and handcuffed with the
hinds behind during the day, except
at meals, when the palms were placed
together in front. At night they were
also placed in front with the palms
out. On Thursday food was brought
into the cell?potatoes, bread and
gruel?but I did not touch it.
"Thursday afternoon the visiting
magistrates came. I was taken before
them handcuffed. After hearing what
I had to say they sentenced me to nine
days' close confinement with bread
and water, and to lose forty-two days'
remission marks and pay 5s. damage.
The handcuffs were removed at mid?
night on Thursday by the matron's or?
ders. I still refrained from food.
"About noon on Saturday I was told
the matron wished to speak to me,
and was taken to the doctor's room,
where I saw the matron, eight ward?
resses, and two doctors. There was a
sheet on the floor and an armchair
on it. The doctor said I was to sit
down, and I did.
"I was then surrounded and forced
hack on the chair, which w'as tilted
backwards. There were about ten of
them. The doctor then forced my
mouth so as to form a pouch, and
held me while one of the wardresses
poured some liquid from a spoon?It
was milk and brandy. After giving
me what he thought was sufficient, he
sprinkled me with eau de Cologne,
and wardresses then escorted me to
another cell on the first floor, where 1
remained two days.
'On Saturday afternoon the ward?
resses forced me on the bed, and the
two doctors came in with them, and
while I was held down a nasal tube
was Inserted. It was two yards long,
with a funnel at the end; there Is a
glass Junction at the middle to see if
the liquid is passing. The end is put
up the nostril, one day and the other
nostril the other.
"Great pain is experienced during
the process, both mental and physical.
One doctor inserted the end up my
nostril, while I was held down by the
wardresses, during which they must
have seen my pain.
"The sensation is most painful; the
drums of the ear seem to be bursting,
a horrible pain in the throat and the
breast. Before and after, they test my
heart and make a lot of examination.
The after-effects are a feeling of
falntness, a sense of great pain in the
diaphragm, or breast bone, in the nose
and the ears. The tube must go below
the breast-bone, though I cannot feel
it below there.
"I was very sick on the first occa?
sion after the tube was withdrawn. I
have also suffered from bad indiges?
tion. 1 am fed in this way very irre?
gularly. 1 have used no violence,
l hough having provocation in being
fed by force. I resist, and am over?
come by weight of numbers. If the
doctor does not think the lluld is go?
ing down sufficiently swiftly, he
pinches my nose with the tube in it,
and my throat, causing me increased
The Kind of Critter He Was.
it was at the (Miff Dwellers, Chi?
cago's literary club, and one of the
members had just made a terrible, Ir?
remediable break about another??
made it in his presence and that of
several other members.
"What ought I do now?" asked the
break-maker, much embarrassed.
"If I wert? you." suggested Frod
Rlchardaont tllO artist, who had heard
the Whole proceeding, "1 should go
OUt and Wiggle my ears and eat an?
other thlltle."?-8UCCM! Magazine.
The Sons of Confederate veterans
w.U meet In Columbia this week.
IKE PELLAGRA CONGRESS.
THREE HUNDRED PHYSICIANS
ARE GATHERED IN COLUMBIA.
Dr. Zeller of Illinois Made a Hinging
speech in Which He Advanced The?
orien That Arc Quite Startling.
(The State, Nov. 4.)
For the purpose of studying pella?
gra a national congress of physicians,
seme of them among the most emi?
nent specialists of the medical pro?
fession In the United States, is now
holding its sessions in Columbia, in
the assembly hall of the State Hospi?
tal for the Insane.
There were in attendance more than
200 medical men and by 6 o'clock
nearly 100 more had arrived. It is
believed that when the congress re?
convenes at 9 o'clock this morning
there will be present at least 4 00
members of the profession. This ma?
lady seems to have a special mystifi?
cation which causes physicians to wish
to find a cause and remedy.
The deliberations were opened by
Gov. Ansel with a felicitous address of
welcome. After the governor's ad?
dress came- the reading of papers ac?
cording to the programme. All of the
papers are of a technical character,
couched in medical terminology, ver?
bose and difficult to be understood by
folks who are not in the inner seal of
the ethics of the profession.
The first paper, read by Dr. J. W.
Babcock, was that presented by Dr.
F. M. Sandwith, F. R. C. P., Gresham
professor of physic, London, England.
This paper was a general review of
the pellagra situation in various coun?
tries of the world. The title given the
paper in the programme was 'Intro?
The first speaker was Dr. J. W.
Kerr, assistant surgeon general, Uni?
ted States public health and marine
hospital service of Washington, D. C.
The subject Of his paper was, "Pella?
gra as a National Public Health Prob?
"Economic Factors of the Pellagra
Problem in South Carolina," was the
subject of a most interesting discus?
sion by E. J. Watson, commissioner of
the department of agriculture, com?
merce and industries af South Caro?
lina. Col. Watson furnished many in?
teresting and important facts relating
to the food supply used by the people
of this State bearing on the health of
The paper of Dr. C. H. Lavinder,
passed assistant surgeon. United States
public health and marine hospital ser?
vice, on the haematology of pellagra,
dealt with methods of miscroscopal
examination of the blood of pella
grins, and was entirely technical.
Papers were also read as per the
programme by Capts. J. F. Slier and
H. J. Nichols, physicians of the medi
cal carps. United States army; Dr.
Menage of New Orleans, representing
Dr. Isadore Dyer, dean of the medical
department, Tulane university.
The paper of Dr. C. W. G. Rohrer
of the medical State board of health
was ordered printed in the official re
port of the congress, as was also the
paper of Dr. John S. Turner of Dallas,
Tex., and the foreign papers sent in
for presentation and publication.
"While we regard Mr. Rockefeller's
princely gift for the eradication of the
hookworm at its true value, we say
$1,000,000 for the battle against the
disease of pellagra would be far more
valuable," declared Col. E. J. Watson,
who has made a careful study of pel?
lagra because of the generally accept
ed theory that it is due to the con
sumption of impure corn and corn
products. Unless preventative meas?
ures are taken without delay, he said,
the corn industry will be seriously
threatened. He declared that not only
the Federal government but the corn
consuming States as well must put
into force a rigorous inspection of
corn and corn products. The corres?
pondent of the American Press says of
"In this view Col. Watson has the
support of the eminent physicians and
?dentine investigators attending the
conference. All agree that radical
measures must be taken and without
delay, to prevent the spread of this
disease. In this State, at least, th(
legislature at its next session will un
doubtedly enact such inspection laws,
and others, it is predicted, will fol
"Dr. George A. Zeller, superintend?
ent of the State hospital for the in?
sane, Peorla, 111., views the situation
with alarm and in concluding an ad?
dress telling of the recognition of pel?
lagra In Illinois and the means taken
to control It, declared he believed the
country is threatened with a national
scourge. While the majority of the
5,000 identified cases of pellagra in the
United States are in the South, the
disease i3 not by any means confined
to this section, and Dr. Zeller pre?
dicted that the disease would very
soon be as widespread throughout the
entire Mississippi valley as in the
"The discovery of pellagra in the
Peorla hospital was made August 7,
last, since which time 130 cases have
been diagnosed as pellagra, of which
number 45 of the patients have died.
There is little hope that the lives of
the others can he saved. Another 100
patients In this institution are mani?
festing mihi symptoms Of the disease.
This out of a total of 2,150 patients
at the hospital.
"Dr. Zeller is convinced that pa?
tients have been dying of pellagra In
this institution for years past, without
the disease ever having been properly
dlsagnosed. He admitted that pa?
tients had died of the disease before
its recognition as pellagra in August
last, the death being cither attributed
to sunburn or, as in two cases, the
scalding of the patients while being
"With the cooperation of the Illinois
State board of health and the sur?
geons general of the United States ma?
rine hospital service and the army,
thorough research work has been in?
stituted at the Peorla hospital and at
other public institutions In the State.
According to reports made by the su
perlntendentt of a half-dozen other
State asylums similar measures have
been taken In those States to com?
bat the disease. And, more impor?
tant, perhaps, the United States ma?
rine hospital service and the special
pellagra commission appointed by
Surgeon General Wyman are already
at work investigating the disease.
"In the course of his remarks Dr.
Zeller touched briefly upon the hook?
worm, another disastrous malady but
recently recognized In the United
States, and created a mild sensation
when he suggested that many thous?
ands of the federal prisoners who died
In the Confederate stockade at Ander
sonville, Ga., during the Civil War
were victims of the hookworm, rather
than to the abuses and ill treatment
which it is alleged they received. 'And
perhaps, after all,' declared Dr. Zel?
ler, 'the monument recently erected at
Andersonville to the memory of Capt.
Wirz, commandant of that prison, is
not so much out of place as as many
of us at the North have been wont to
" 'Pellagra as a National Public
Health Problem' was the subject of a
valuable address delivered by Assist
tant Surgeon General Kerr of the Uni?
ted States public health and marine
hospital service, who declared that
the occurrence of the disease in this
country involves problems that will
require the most earnest investiga?
tion with the view to their solution.
" 'The problem of pellagra in Eu?
rope and in the New World is in some
respects analagous to beri beri in the
Orient,' said Dr. Kerr. 'Both diseases
are held to be associated with the con?
sumption of mportant articles of diet,
both are capable of becoming verit?
able scourges among the people of the
countries where they become endemic,
and in neither disease has the etiology
been definitely determined. This ana?
logy might also be extended to Include
communicabdity, and in some respect
symptomatology and treatment of the
disease. In neither disease is there
evidence that communicability plays a
part in their continued prevalence,
and in neither has it been deemed ad?
visable or necessary by the national
government to institute quarantine
Dr. C. H. Lavinder, U. S. P. M. and
M. S., Dr. J. W. Babcock, superinten?
dent Of the South Carolina hospital
for the insane, and Dr. C. F. Williams,
State health officer of South Carolina,
as Veil as prominent physicians from
Georgia, Louisiana, Tennessee, Illi?
nois, North Carolina and other States
gave to the conference the benefit of
their experience in the treatment of
An interesting feature of the con?
ference was the presentation of sev?
eral patien4< with well-developed
cases of the disease.
A smoker was tendered the visiting
physicians last night at Ridgewood
Club. Five papers by eminent physi?
cians in Yucatan, Jamaica, Barbadoes,
West Indies; Paris and Cairo, Egypt,
were read. Dr. Babcock concluding
with an appreciation of Cesare Lorn
broso, the noted Italian scientist, who
devoted more than 30 years to the
study of pellagra in Italy, Roumania
and other countries.
The conference will continue in
session today. Peoria, 111., and Co?
lumbia will ask for the next meeting.
Today a permanent national pellagra
association will be formed.
?Many school chih'ten suffer from
constipation, which is often the cause
of seeming stupidity *t lessons. Cham
tt Cain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
are an Ideal medicin- to give a ch'uc.
for they are mild and gentle in their
effect, and will cure even chronic con?
stipation. Sold by W. W. Sibert.
Hundreds of medical men from all
sections of the country will attend the
pellagra conference to be held in Co?
lumbia this week.
A Religious Author's Statement.
?Rev. Joseph EL Fesperman. Salis?
bury, N. ('., who Is the author of sev
eral books, writes: "For several yens
I was afflicted with kidney trouble
and last winter I was suddenly strick?
en With a severe pain in my kidneys
and was confined to bed eight da>s
unable to get up without assistance.
My urine contained a thick whl'e sed?
iment and I passed same freque"tl>
day and night. I commenced taking
Foley's Kidney Remedy, and the pain
gradually abated and finally cease!
and my urine became normal. I cheer?
fully recommend Foley's Kidney
Remedy." Slbert's Drug Store.
C hinese Students Coining.
Washington, Nov. 6.?Forty-seven
Chinese students are due to arrive at
San Francisco today and will shortly
enter various American universities
and colleges. The young men were sent
by the Chinese govrnment in compli?
ance with the understanding with the
United States regarding the disposi?
tion of the indemnity remitted by this
government A number of Chinese of?
ficials and educators of prominence
were selected as a board which, act?
ing with Dr. Tenney. the Chinese sec?
retary of the American legation, con?
ducted the examination of more than
f.OM yorng neu who presented them?
selves for examination with the view
to testing their fitness for this desig
atlon. These Students wire first ex?
amined in Chinese and then in Eng?
lish, and those who passed th< se fir.it
tests were examined in mathematics
and elementary science. Only 47 final?
Won't Welcome Japs.
Pittsburg, Pa., Xov. f>.?Members
of the Japanese Commercial Commis?
sion, who have been given the gtad
hand in many of the large cities of
both Bast and West, are likely to have
a frigid reception when they Inspect
the industries of the Smoky City to?
day. The Pittsburg Chamber of Com?
merce, as a body, has decided to vir?
tually ignore the visting Japanese en
the ground that the son.' of Nippon,
as a nation, demand too much in the
educational lines and are willing to
give too little. Some of the members
of the chamber dissent from this t pin?
ion and will attempt to atone lor the
lack of cordiality existing in many
Try This In November.
Thousands upon thousands of fam?
ilies who have not been regular eat?
ers of Quaker Oats will begin on the
first of November and eat Quaker
Oats once or twice every day for thirty
days of this month; the result in
good health and more strength and
vigor will mean that every other
month in the year will find them doing
the same thing.
Try it! Serve Quaker Oats plenti?
fully and frequently for the thirty
days of November and leave off a cor?
responding amount of meat and greasy
foods. You'll get more health, more
vigor and strength than you ever got
in thirty days of any other kind of
While you are trying this see that
the children get a full share.
The best food for them. Quaker
Oats is also packed in hermetically
sealed tins for hot climates; keeps in?
la Pleasant fand Effective
Constipation, Stomach ami
by stimulating these organs and
restoring their natural action.
Is best for women and chil?
dren as ORINO does not gripe
SIEBERTS DRUG STORE.
and CURE; the LUNGS
^*0U" ~ ? ; |CE50*a*I.OO
( TRIAL SOTTUFRtt
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rear; t .,r n s, ti. Sold by ail newsdealer*.
M?NN &Co.36,B~?-? NewYorlf
Brauch Office, 6% F St., Wasblnuton, D. C.