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VHS fUMTKK WATCHMAN, EMaMk
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881
Cbt l&afcbinan anb Soutjjron. |
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U CHESTER'S ATTACK OX COOK.
Admiral Calls the Explorer sit Out?
Washington. Nov. 10.?Scientists
heie were dlscustdng sn informal
h msde by Rear Adlmral Colby
Chester. U. s. N.. retfred. at the
Iveislty Club In which he charact?
er! i*d Dr. Frederick A. Cook as a fakir
and declared that Dr. Cook not only
did not roach the pole but did not
iprosch nearer than a dlstanco of
tut 564 riilles from the pole.
The Importance of Admiral Ches
* accusation lies not only In the
fauct that he Is an eminent astrono?
mical authority and was formerly su
nrlnt ndent of the United States Na
Ohssrvatory, but In that he was
of the special sub-committee of
>e appointed by the National Qeo
itc Society to examine the rec
of Commander Peary and report
hts claim to polar discovery. The
?committee declared that Peary
id reached the pole,
jftrot Willis L. Moore, president,
sd O. P. Austrln, secretary of the
P%tty. declined to discuss Admiral
enter's speech. They took the
id that it would be improper for
to talk about It because both
id*r.Peary and Dr. Cook were
of the soclty.
speech last night." Admiral
for mal and ex
long distance telephone and
asked if I would speak upon the po?
lar question before the club. 1 agreed
and arrive*! In Washington from New
York only a few hours before I made
"It Is true that I referred to Dr.
Cook as a fakir. I used as the basis
of my research the data used by Dr.
Cook in hi? copyrighted stories of his
polar expedition printed in a New
Tork newspaper and carefully
studied these ?bservatlons. I base my
argument that Dr. Cook did not reach
the North Pole on the disagreement
between his observations and the
known declination of the sun on the
date* referred to in his narrative as
shown by the Nautical Alman&c.
"Where Dr. Cook states t.iat on
April 7 he first saw the midnight sun
st 16 degrees 28 minutes, a distance
of 226 miles from the pole, in reality
on that dste, according to the Nauti?
cal Alamanc, the midnight sun would
have been visible as far south as 82
degrees, a distance of 664 miles from
Not only did Admiral Chestor main
tal that on April B, Dr. Cook was
far south of the position he gives
himself In his narrstlvo but that on
ths four subsequent days, Dr. Cook
was headed south, away from the
pole, which, according to his own ac?
counts, was at least 226 miles away.
Adimral Chester based this deduction
he ssld. on Dr. Cook's statement that
on April 3 the sun sank Just below
the horlson and that four days later,
on April 7, the sun showed a short
distance above the horlson.
According to Admiral Chester, if
Dr. Cook had been traveling north?
ward during those four days his
change in location, combined with
the steadily Increasing declination of
the sun would In four days have
caused a far greater change In the
sun's position relative to the horlxon
than that reported by Dr. Cook.
A WOMW MOONSHINER.
Mrs. Bettle Wooten, Aged ?I?. C<m
vk'ted In sutcmrlllc, N. c, Togeth?
er Willi Her Son.
gtatesvllle. N. C. Nov. 10.?Mrs.
Bettle Wooten, 69 years old, was con?
victed in the Superior Court hero to?
day of blockading and sentenced fee,
30 days in Jail. I*ouls Wooten, her
son. was also given six months, and
another son Is being sought by the of?
ficers for retailing.
Because of differences with the new
dry administration, all the members
of the Spartanburg board of health
med April, 1850.
4Be Just an
1>ANCiIOit Ol1 HYPNOTISM.
"Professor" Fails to Awaken His
Sleeping Subject?lectors Called
Son.ervllle, X. J., Nov. 9.?Robert
Simps.m. young man of Newark, was
hypnotised before a large audience in
the theatre her last night by Prof.
Arthur Everton, a professional hyp?
notist, and today he was pronounced
dead 'ay the staff doctors of the Som?
erset Hospital. After being placed in
a cataleptic state the youth did not
Prof. Everton was arrested, but was
released in the custody of two police
officers, who accompanied him to the
hospital where he remained all night
In an effort to restore life to his help
less subject which the physicians said
would he Impossible.
Simpson had been employed by the
hypnotist as a professional subject for
little more than a week and when the
performance, which was the first at
this place, began last night he seemed
in normal health. Everton passed his
handj. over Simpson's face a number
of times while the young man was
lying on the floor, and soon Simpson's
body became rigid.
Everton then raised It and placed
it between two choirs so that the neck
rested, on the back of one chair and
the ankles on the back of the other.
The hypnotist then stood upon the
rigid body of his ubject and perform?
ed other feats to jihow that Simpson^
was la a complete catnleptlcoma.
When Eeverton had bowed his ac?
knowledgement of the large audi
ence'u applause he stood the rigid
body erect, leaning It against a back
wall and then sought to bring around
the subject. The audiente soon real?
ized that Everton had become highly
excited when his first efforts failed.
Slmpjion was carried behind the
scenei and doctors called ,but It was
useless, the doctors saying that Simp?
son had died while cataleptic.
SENATOR CHRISTENSEN TALKS.
L^toJnl? Other Issues Than Liquor Will
p*%4l*c* Attention 111 NVxt state
Campaign?The Asylum Inquiry.
State Senator Nells Christensen, Jr.,
of Beaufort, was in Charleston today
for a few hours on business. Senator
Christensen has but recently recover?
ed from an Illness, following an at?
tack of appendicitis.
As one of the committee of inves?
tigation into the conduct of the de?
funct State dispensary, whose work
resulted in the prosecutions for graft
which Attorney General Lyon is now
press ng to trial, Senator Christenuen
has been a very prominent figure In
State politics for several years. He
has been Influential In legislative
matters generally and particularly has
he given attention to the enactment
of the laws relative to the rgulatlon
of liquor traffic, maintaining conslst
antly the attitude of a local optionist.
Speaking today of the political sit?
uation In the State, Senator Chrieten
sen said that while the liquor ques?
tion would, undoubtedly, be a factor
In the State campaign, which will be
held next summer, there were so
many other matters of importance to
the Interest of the peop > that he was
not at all sure that the Issue would
depend upon that. The prohibitionists
he said, were very active, and would
undoubtedly make an effort to elect
a governor of their persuasion upon a
platform of State-wide prohibition,
but, in view of the fact that only six
counties remained wet and as these
could all submit the question to local
vote at the election next year, If they
desired, the demand for State-wide
prohibition had lost considerable of
Its force. He was not Inclined to
think that the legislature would en?
act a general prohibition law at Its
session which begins In January.
Senator Christensen Is chairman
of the committee which has been In?
vestigating the administration of the
State asylum for the Insane, and he
says that their report will be formu?
lated within the next few weeks and
be ready to submit to the General
Assmldy In January. While he would
not dteCUBS the reeomendatlons of the
report] he intimated that radical re?
forms would be urged and the practi?
cal reorganization and rehabilitation
of the Institution, on large lines, in?
volving the expenditure of a large
sum of money, would be propsed.
Senator Ghrlstensen said he knew
very little of the plans of Attorney
General Lyon for the further prosecu?
tion of the dispensary graft cases, but
he PTMumed the! the transfer of the
proceeding to Chester was xpected to
bring better results than were obtain?
ed In Columbia from the first trial
that was held there a few weeks ago.
d Fear not-^Let all the ends Thou Aim
ER. S. 0., SATTJRD?
MOB LAW IN' ILLINOIS.
Murderer of Woman Confined in Steel |
Ca^e. and Crowds Dispersed by the
C?.iro, 111., Nov. 10.?Bee * of
reports that an organized effort
would be made tonight to lynch Will
James, a negro suspected of murder?
ing Miss Annie Pelley, a shop girl
the prisoner tonight was placed in
the steel cage in the county jail, sur?
rounded by a strong guard of police?
men and deputy sheriffs. Many per?
sons arrived today from nearby Uli
nois and Kentucky towns and the po?
lice feared that many of these want?
ed to lynch the negro. Later James
was secretly taken out of Cairo in a
train tonight. It is probable he will
be put in the Murphressboro jail.
Before daylight today Chief of Po?
lice Egan twice dispersed crowds of
men and boys who had started to?
wards the city jail. In one case he
tore a mask from the face af a man
who seemed to be leader of the gath?
ering and then prevailed upon the
others t<? disperse, pleading that the
evidence against James were only cir?
Most citizens, after an outburst of
Indignation, tonight were ready to
let the law take its course. For this
rea.son it was thought that the situa?
tion would be controlled.
Jamea, who is known as "Froggy"
because of bis facial resemblance to
that animal, was "sweated" by the
police today. While all circum?
stances point to him as the slayer of
Miss Pelley, including the action of
bloodhounds, which went from the
alley where Miss Pelley's body was
found to several places where James
had been on the night of the murder,
tha. prisoner refused to confess.
Cairo, 111., Nov. 10.?A long dis?
tance telephone message from Don
gola, 111., said that after James was
taken off the train there by the sher?
iff he was rushed into the woods by
the sheriff, his deputy and one other
man. Dongola is 10 miles from An?
na, where a mob was awaiting the
arrival of the train.
As time passed and the people
'learned"that the" negr0 had'been spir?
ited away they became more excited.
The crowd around the jail yelled in
derision and open threats against
James were made.
BIG FOUR EMBEZZLEMENT.
Woman in the Case Says She Will
Tell the Whole Story.
Cincinnati, Nov. 10.?Mrs. Jean
nette Stewart, also known as Mrs.
Ford, one of the women accused by
Chas. Warriner, the defaulting local
treasurer of the Big Four railroad,
of having shared in his peculations
by blackmailing him, declared to- j
night that she would tell the inside
story of the $643,000 theft when the
case came to court. Mrs. Stewart de?
nied that she had ever received
money from Warriner.
The sudden breaking of her silence
was caused, according to her, by a
quarrel which she had with another
woman, who has also been mentioned
by Warriner. This quarrel resulted
in the attachment of Mrs. Stwart's
furniture today. The officers who
made the attachment were quickly
followed by reporters and, in the
stress of excitement, Mrs. Stewart's
reserve broke down.
"I never received a cent from
Charles Warriner," she said, "and I
never gave any information to the
railroad about his shortage. It was
another woman that did it all; a wo?
man I thought was my friend. I know
the whole story and I will tell it in
One of the women said to be in
volvel in the case started to leave
Cincinnati tonight but was advised
by detectives that if she left the city
her arrest would follow. She then
abandoned the plan.
At present the question that is ex?
ercising the railroad officials is: What
became Of the $643,OOO which Warri?
ner admits having stolen?
Warriner says he lost it in stock
speculation and in satisfying the de?
mands of blackmailers, but that ex?
planation is not satisfactory to the
Warriner says he is penniless, and
his neighbors at his home in Wyom?
ing, Ohio, declare that he is a sick
It is admitted by railroad officials
that Warriner might have continued
his peculations Indefinitely if he had
not been betrayed by a woman, so
great was his superior s confidence In
The sheriff of Colleton ec unty seiz?
ed an Atlantic Coast Line freight
train for the non-payment of judg?
ments ugainst the railroad.
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and
lY. NOVEMBER 13,
SOUTH'S EXPORT TRADE.
President Flnley of the Bontbern
Railway Writes of Groat Possibili- I
ties of Future Development.
Editor Daily Item:
The publication of the letter on the
importance of direct and regular
steamship communication between
our South Atlantic and Gulf ports
and the Latin-American countries,
which I addressed, under date of
July 8th, 1909, to the editors of
Southern newspapers, resulted in the I
receipt by me of a large number of 1
letters showing a widespread interest I
in this subject throughout the South. I
This correspondence revealed the
fact that some very important manu- 1
facturing interests are ready to take I
advantage of opportunities to extend I
their trade in this direction by ship
nents through Southern ports. This I
information and statistics of existing I
commerce indicate that, with regular I
Unas in operation and with systematic I
? nd co-operative efforts on the part of I
our manufacturers and mrchants, a
considerable trade may be built up.
In fact, something may be done in I
this direction even in advance of the
establishment of regular lines. j
The Southern ports, in endeavoring
to build up trade with South America, I
should rely principally on the devel- I
opment of new business and on the I
more systematic handling of the ir- I
regular traffic now moving in both I
directions between them and South 1
America by vessels chartered for I
single cargoes. There is a consider- I
able volume of this business, but it is I
pot sufficiently regular to afford con- I
stant employment to the vessels I
which engage in it. They seldom I
make round trips with cargoes in I
both directions. For instance, in the
year ended Jdne 30, 1908, there were I
Imported through the South Atlantic I
and Gulf ports 245,415,955 pounds of I
coffee, largely from Brazil, and some I
rubber and other Brazilian products I
were brought in through these same j
ports^ but the vessels bringing them |
did not obtain return cargoes, but J
sailed in ballast to North Atlantic I
ports or with cargoes to Europe, and
this notwithstanding the fact that I
Brazil, in that same year, bought I
from the United States products to I
the total value of $19,490,077; in- I
eluding 3,470,818 yards of cotton]
goods, 742,896 gallons of cotton seed I
oil, 306.871 barrels 0f flour, manufac- I
tures of iron and steel to the value I
of $5,945,082, and other articles, some
proportion of which could advanta- I
geously be shipped through Southern I
ports. In like manner we imported
through Southern ports, principally I
from Chile and Peru, 82,165 tons of I
nitrates, but the vessels bringing I
them in seldom or never obtained re
turn cargoes, though the west coast I
countries are steadily increasing their
purchases of American goods.
The best customer the United States I
has In South America is Argentina, j
to which country our exports in the I
fiscal year ended June 30, 1909, I
amounted to $33,712,505, including I
1,510,317 yards of cotton goods, 513,- I
357 gallons of cotton seed oll, manu- I
factures of iron and steel to value of
$7,875,789, furniture to the value of I
$214,981, garlcultural implements and I
farm machinery to the value of $4,- I
309,223?manufactured principally in I
localities from which shipments can I
be made conveniently through South- I
ern ports?and a long list of other I
articles. Our imports from Argen- I
tina In the last fiscal year amounted j
to $22,230,182, the principal items be?
ing wool and hides. Probably little
Argentine wool is used in the South,
but Southern tanneries use South
American hides to a considerable ex?
tent and their use may be expected
to increase, as there is no duty on
them under the new tariff law. At
present these hides come in through
the North Atlantic ports almost en?
tirely and are shipped to Southern
tanneries either all rail or by rail and
water. Some 0f them even go by way
of Europe. In one case that came to
my notice hides for a North Carolina
tannery Were shipped from Argentina
to Antwerp, across the ocean again
to New York, and thence by rail to
the tannery. In another case a South?
ern tanner bought 20,000 hides in
Mexico but found that, on account of
shipping conditions, he had to have
them carried from Vera Cruz, Mexico,
to New York, and thence by rail to
in the fiscal year ended June 30,
1908, seventy-six steam vessels en?
tered at our ports south of Cape
Charles, Virginia, with cargoes from
South American ports, and seventy
cleared, with cargoes for South Amer?
ica. While this trade, as a whole, is
I thus nearly balanced, it is not so us
Truth's." * rilE TRUE
_ J? _
L909. New Seri
to individual ports, as is shown by
the following table:
Norfolk & Ports., Va. 1 15
Newport News, Va. 1 3
Charleston, S. C. 14
Savannah, Ga. 4 1
Fatnandina, Fla. 2
Apalachicola, Fla. 2
Pensacola, Fla. 7
Mobile, Ala. 1 8
Pearl River, Miss. 31
New Orleans, La. 54
Total, 76 70
The principal commodities carried
by the steamers which cleared from
Southern ports for South America
were lumber, naval stores, and coal.
The first step in the direction of
developing more regular service
might be taken by systematic efforts,
both in the Southern ports and in
South America, to secure return car?
goes, so that vessels could make
round trips and be encouraged to
stay in this service. Then, with
knowledge in advance that a certain
vessel was to arrive at a Southern
port with coffee from Brazil or nit?
rates from the west coast, it would
be more practicable to concentrate a
return cargo, and, in the same way, if
it were known in advance that a
vessel from a Southern port would
arrive on a date at Buenos Aaries
there would be a better chance of
getting a return cargo including hides
for Southern tanneries. This em?
ployment of vessels of known capa?
city for round trip service would obvi?
ate one of the practical difficulties en?
countered in trying to obtaii cargoes
for tramp steamers, which is that,
when the exact carrying capacity of
a ship is not known, there is dan?
ger of not getting a full cargo and
having to pay higher charges than if
the vessel were loaded to its capa?
city or of concentrating at the port
more goods than it can carry, and then,
in order to prevent undue delay, the
surplus must be reshipped by rail or
coastwise steamer to some ether port
where it can go by a regular line.
While some increased business
might be built up by thus systematiz?
ing the use ot Irregular steamers, the
establishment of regular lines is of
supreme importance. At the outset
it might be found impracticable to
develop enough traffic to support re?
gular lines with but a single port of
call at each end of the voyage, but
there are various combinations that
might be made. Vessels might stop
at two or more ports of the United
States, discharging part of their car?
go and receiving part of a return
cargo fom each. In the same way,
vessels engaged In the River Plata
trade might also call at Brazilian
ports. In some cases ports in the
West India Islands might advanta?
geously be included in a round trip
voyage. Thus, Cuba buys large quanti?
ties of sun-dried beef, known as
"jerked beef," from the River Plata
countries. The vessels carrying this
beef to Cuba get no return cargoes
from that Island, but only a short
voyage would be required to bring
them to South Atlantic or Gulf ports
for such a cargo.
If this trade is to be developed to
the utmost and is to be made of the
gieatest possible value to our South?
ern people, earnest efforts must be
made to build it up. One thing that
might be suggested is the establish?
ment at our Southern ports of houses
devoted to handling export business
directly from these ports. Such
house handling Southern cotton
goods, for instance, would not only
be of assistance in developing th<
Latin-Amrlcan trade, but could make
direct exportations to the Orient and
other parts of the world as well
Another thing of importance is direct
representation In the countries in
which it is sought to sell goods and a
careful study of the wants of each
particular market. This is particular?
ly desirable In selling such articles as
cotton goods and furniture, in which
different markets require different
grades and styles. The Importance
of this Is shown by the decline of the
exports of cotton goods from the Uni?
ted States to Brasil. . The Brazilian
market for these goods was formerly
one of great promise. In 1905 it
took 9,689,055 yards of American
cotton goods. Each year since has
shown a steady decline, until. In the
last fiscal year, the amount was only
2,468,460 yards, a decrease of nearly
75 per cent. In four years. This is
partially explained by the fact that
Brasil, under a high protective tariff,
is building up a cotton manufacturing
Industry, using native cotton. But
English mills. In ni<>st of the years
of this period, increased their ship?
ments to Brasil by having their ex?
pert representatives on the ground to
study the needs Of the market and to
?upply those grades of goods not
: SOUTIIROX, Established June, ISM
es?Vol. XXX. No. 23.
made by the Brazilian mills. In the
fiscal year ended June 30, 1908, Bra?
zilian purchase? of American cotton
goods amounted to but $373,545, as
compared with purchases of British
cotton goods fr the calendar year
1908 t the value ff $8.357,766.
The total purchases of American
cotton goods by all the South Ameri?
can countries lor the fiscal year 1908
amounted to but $2,760,231. In the
calendar year 1908 the values of cot?
ton goods bought by these same
countries from the principal Europ?
ean countries wre as follows: United
Kingdom, $38,330.205; Germany,
$13.832,000; France, $5,702,000;
Italy, $8,332,764, and Spain $2,030,
282. In other words the United
States sells to these countries less
than four per cent, of the total value
of the cotton goods they buy from the
six countries above mentined. This
poor showing can not be improved
merely by supplying better steamship
service, important as that is. If a
larger share in the South American
trade is to be bad it must be sought
earnestly and be won in the face of
sharp competition. Otherwise it will
be impossible to develop sufficient
traffic to warrant any improvement in
the present limited ocean transporta?
There is much practical informa?
tion of great value as to foreign mar?
kets, the tariff laws of foreign coun?
tries, etc., that can be obtained from
tha state department, the bureau of
the American Republics, bureau of
manufactures, and other government
offices in Washington. All this in?
formation is readily accessible to the
Southern Railway Company, and,
with a view of being of practical as?
sistance to our manufacturers and
merchants desiring to develop export
business, this company will take
pleasure in securing and supplying
any of this information that may be
Correspondence on this subject
should be addressed to the president
of this company.
Yours very truly,
W. W. FINLEY.
Sports $60,000 to the Bad Through
Trick Worked at Latonia.
Denver, Col., Nov. 10.?Denver and
Sal* Lake City bookmakers yesterday
lost $60,000 on horse races at the La?
tonia race track near Cincinnati,
through cleverly executed tapping of
telegraph wires near the Latonia race
track. The odds on Howdar Pear?
son, the winner of the sixth race yes?
terday at that track, were boosted
from 7 to 1, to 20 to 1, and even as
high as 40 to 1.
Handbook makers reluctantly ad?
mitted tonight that they lost heavily
on the race and many of the Denver
bookmakers tolay refused to pay bets
on the race. Two of them, it is said,
were forced out of business.
According to a local, bookmaker,
the odds apparently were changed
before post time and "the boost"
from 7 to 1, to 20 to 1 did not cause
suspicion. When the wire was tap?
ped, the post odds were held back,
and the false odds were sent out.
Then the plunge was made. It Is
said that the operations extended to
PREACHING IS A LOST ART.
The narrow-minded, out-of-date
preacher is the real and direct and
immediate cause of more "freethink
ing." skepticism and agnosticism
than any other factor in today's life,
writes a correspondent in The De?
lineator for December. Preaching
seems to have become a lost art.
Droning has taken its place. I sup?
pose I've been to church thirty times
in the past year, and the only sermon
I've had the patience to hear out
from beginning to end was a "Talk
given by Miss Jane Addams on settle?
ment work. That eras realized Chris?
tianity, not idealized <lush.
Now I am not more critical than
the fellow beings with whom I asso?
ciate, nine-tenths of whom would
probably bear witness to this truth?
that the reason why church-going is
dying out is because the ministers do
not make the right effort to hold and
interest their congregations.
We want the vital, living, every?
day truth from the pulpit. We want
to know how to meet the temptations
that face us during the week. We
want to know how to live?now; and
how to dh> when our time comes. We
want preachers who will help us to
work out our own salvation, and not
wooden images who have had no ex?
perience of lifo and who are satisfied
to shout out a few galvanized com?
monplaces at our beads every Sunday
and sit down satisfied in their studies
all the rest 0f the week, imagining
they have done their duty by us.