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NO NEGRO RULE THERE.
Whit* People Exclusively Govern
South African Colonies.
In hla speech in the House of Com?
mons on the second realing?unanl
mously carried-of the bill sanc?
tioning the union of the fourth British
colonies of South Africa on the basis
of the compromise constitution fram?
ed by the colonies themselves, Colo?
nel Seeiey. Under Secretary for the
"The bill proposes to set up one Par?
liament for the whole of South Africa.
It proposes to amalgamate South Afri?
ca in a union closer than that of Aus?
tralia; closer even thsn the union of
Canada. The fact of there being a
?sat native population, who have to
be governed, to the greatest extent,
by the white races, makes it essentisl
that one single form of government,
with strength, dower and sympathies,
should pursue a common policy with
regard to all the native rsces.
"The Parliament is to be composed
of the King, the Senate and the House
ef Assembly. The Senate has 40 rep?
resentatives, of whom eight are nom?
inated by the governor-general In
Council and sight are elected from
each province. Of the eight nominat?
ed Senators, four are ts be chosen for
special knowledge of native affairs
and of the wishes of the colored races.
The Senate can amend all bills and
rights except money bills. Money bills
It can reject but not amend. The two
houses sit and vote together?In the
case of money bills at once; in the
case of other bills only after a meas?
ure has been passed by the Assembly
a second time. As the Assembly num?
bers 111 members and the Senate only
it. 'be power of the former is great?
er than In England. The 111 mem
bore are selected, broadly speaking,
on the basis of the European male
adult population In each province. Na?
tal and the Orange Free 8 t?te, as
small states, have rather mote mem?
bers than they are entitled tor, the
Transvall and Cape Coloney teas. The
111 members are distributed as fol?
lows: Cape of Oood Hope, II mem?
bers; Trsnsvall. 3C; Natal an:. Orange
Free State, each 17. The qualifica?
tion of a sitting member is that he
shall be of European descent, shall
bars qualified as a voter in his pro
Yince and be a British subject of five
years residence. There is to be 'one
vote, one value.' with the same num?
ber of voters in each constituency.
tho? :h there may be, a 15 per cent,
variation in accordance with density
or sparslty of population, nature of
tlistrict, etc. There Is to be an au?
tomatic redistribution of seats.
"There are to be four provincial
Councils with a franchise, the same
ss for the Assembly. No man who
now hss a vote well lose It under the
Mil and no one now without it will
gain it. (In Cape Colony the natives
have to a restricted extent the right
to vote and will retain it; in the other
three 00 lo nies they have no vote and
will not get it.)
"In official documents In I he courts
and in Parliament the English and
Dutch languages are to have equal
rights. The new South A:*rlca gov?
ernment sssumes the debts of the for?
mer colonies and takes care of the
railway management and the eivil ser?
vice. A Judiciary is set up for the
whole of South Africa, including a
Supreme Court. The care mil treat?
ment of natives are given over to the
central power, as also all matters af?
fecting Asiatics, native reserves, loca?
tions, trusts, etc.. likewise fall to the
cars of the Union Parliament. ( The
protectorates remain at present under
the care of the London government,
but their gradual transfer is con?
"Criticism Is directed to the words
of European descent' (In the consti?
tutions! definition of the right to be?
come a voter)?a disability Imposed
upon election to the Union Parlia?
ment. We regret that these words are
In the bill, but we know they form
an essential compromise. When this
House granted self-government to the
Transvsll and Orange river colony It
granted a franchise which excluded
natives from the vote and from their
Parliaments. The Cape for 05 years
has had a restricted franchise, which
some of the natives enJo>?we have
therefore divlrgent systems to both of
which thea House has formally assent?
ed. In the West we treat the native
as an equal, provided he comes up to
a certain, not so much Intellectual as
monetary, standard. According to the
older system the native Is treated with
every consideration, but as a minor
with regards to political rights. This
has been pointed out as a falling
away from a prlnclpl? . hut Ihe House
as a whole has assented to It. That
being the state of affair?, wo have
ourselves established these two s| h
terns in South Africa. The comproniisu
Is that while every native n Caps Col?
ony retln? his right to vote- -and the
chance for his being deprived of It is
made more remoto?he is debarred
from sitting In the Union Parliament
becuse he was debarrod from sitting
In two cf the Parliament* (Transvall
and Orange River Colony) by our ac
tt >u here. If these points were struck
out (by the Commons) the union
would be smashed, with results most i
evil for the nateves.
"The government of this country
has assented to similar words in a
very recent act. In our own official
documents here we not only have
words as stringent, but more string?
ent, limiting the highest posts In this
country to persons of purely Euro?
pean descent. I ask the House in all
seriousness: Can we now break up
thl? great measure of reconciliation
(in South Africa), causing possible in?
finite damage to the very people we
seek to protect, for the sake of a prin?
ciple to which we ourselves have not
been faithful? I believe we can do
no such thing. I do not think it would
"Th? Constitution of South Africa
provides that a two-thirds majority
of the Union Parliament may disfran?
chise the native In Cape Colony. It is
argued by the Under Secretary that
such i majority is unlikely. On the
other hand, he and other speakers ex?
pressed a hope that the Union Parlia?
ment would ultimately see its way to
giving the native throughout South
Afrtia some sort of right of represen?
tation in the government of his own
"Sir Charles D?ke contended that
the b 11 gives 'six and one-fourth mil?
lions of people to be governed by an
absolute and permanent oligarchy of
a mil ion people' and 'forces the best
of the colored people down to the
ranks of the natives races, instead of
raising them up to the ranks of the
whites.' Mr. Balfour, Conservative;
Mr. John O'Connor, Nationalist, and
others, spoke in approval of the bill.
Mr. Balfour spoke of the failure of
the effort to make a voter of the ne?
gro in the United States: 'It is pain?
fully true that the relation between
the acea of European descent and
? the dark races of Africa, whether In
their original home or in the South?
ern States of America, present a prob?
lem of extraordinary difficulty and
complexity entirely novel in history,
and without parallel in the memory
and experience of mankind.' ? ? * As
soon as the United States got rid of
slavery they were face to face with a
Constitution, which In true 18th cen?
tury language laid down the principle
?hat all men are equal. I do not be?
lieve any man can approach this ques?
tion wisely who really thinks all men
are 3qual. To suppose that the races
of .Africa are in any sense the equals
of n en of European descent, so far as
government, society or the higher in?
tercuts of civilization are concerned, is
an absurdity. ? * * The only glimmer
of hope of dealing successfully with
the real race problem in South Africa
is not to attempt to meddle with it
ourselves, but to trust to the Union
Par! lament to rise to the occasion and
meet the problem with all possible
cut i ge, humanity and sympathy."
Sometimes Boldness Is Effective.
A well-known New York lawyer,
when a poor boy from the country,
looking for a Job, saw a sign hanging
initdde a store, "Boy Wanted." He
too< the slj<n down and walked boldly
into the store. The proprietor, meet?
ing him. Indignantly usked what he
meint by taking down that sign. "You
won't need it any more," said the lad,
"I'm going to take the job." And he
took it, writes Orison Swett Marden
in in editorial In "Success Magazine."
The coveted goal of the centuries'
quest has at last been reached, be?
cause two intrepid explorers took
down the world's sign, "Wanted, A
Man to Discover the North Pole," and
determined it would no longer be
needed; that they would find the Pole,
If mortal man could find it, and?they
Clear grit did It. This is always
more than a match for any obstacle,
and has achieved about all the great
things in the world's history. It was
cb ar grit that carried these two men
through the perils and awful hard?
ships of the Artie seas, through all
tho dangers of the desolate, unknown
Ice-fields, in which they well knew
hi ndreds of men who had gone on the
same quest, men as brave, resource?
ful, and determined as they, had per?
No one knew better than Peary and
Cook what they were braving, the
rhks they were taking, for both had
pi t their lives in Jeopardy again and
again, one of them six times, in trying
to reach the coveted goal.
After each failure to find the Pole,
scores of people pleaded with Peary,
as they did with Cook, never to try It
again, to give up this Wild Pole dream,
but It Is USSjIsM to try to discourage
men with such bulldog tenacity of
purpose* You can not dishearten
tl:em. They laugh at your pictures
of the dangSfS, hardships and insur?
mountable obstacles in their wuy.
Nothing daunts such heroic spirits.
J. (J. Sweeney, deserter from the
l'nit?d States army, has been arrest?
ed at Greenville,
A Charleston woman Jumped from
the Batt< ry Into the Ashley river. She
was rescued by the police.
Arthur Clars has been arrested In
Alken on the charge of murder. He
It accused of killing Philip Thomas
GUY COUNCIL MEETING.
REGULAR SESSION HELD LAST
Sewerage Bonds Ordered Issued?El?
ectric Light Company Files Accept?
ance of Franchise and Contract
Provided July Last?Shifting In
Railroad Yard on Sunday Prohibit?
ed?Sumtcr Light Infantry Congra?
City Council mot Tuesday night in
regular session with all memebrs pre?
Minutes of October 25th were read
Mr. J. R. Wofford, representing the
Southern Express Company, came to
protest against increase of license on
their business from $100 to $150. He
stated that the company had incur?
red expense in improving local ser?
vice, and that the amount of their
business did not justify the increase.
After due consideration Council con?
cluded that $150 is not an unreason
able license and declined to reduce
Mr. Geo. W. Reardon appeared be?
fore Council and stated that he had
arranged to have a small building
within the fire limits covered with
tin roofing; in ignorance of the most
recent ordinance regulating such
work. That his workman had been
stopped by the police and required
I to give bond for trial. He desired
Council to permit the work to be fin?
ished as it was an improvement to
the building. Council refused to
grant the request, so directly contrary
to the Ordinance. Mr. Wright was In
favor of allowing the work to be
Mr. Reardon renewed his former
request for a fire hydrant at corner
of Magnolia Street and Hampton
Avenue, and was informed that the
hydrant had been ordered put in as
BOOH as it can be done.
Rev. C. C. Brown and Messrs. Nell
O'Donnell, J. A. Schwerin, and J. P.
Booth requested that macadam be
laid on East Liberty street from Har
vln to Magnolia. On motion of
Messrs. Finn and Ligon the request
was granted. The work to be done
in connection with the work ordered
on Main street.
Mr, J. E. Kennedy requested that
one cr two additional lights be placed
on Oakland Avenue in the vicinity
of the cemeteries. This request was
referred to the Committee on Lights
wilh power to act.
Mr. Barnett for the Finance Com?
mittee reported that the Clerk and
Treasurer's report for October had
been checked up and found correct.
Mr. Finn for the Street Committee
submitted report of work done for
the past two weeks:
Farm work, 8.00
Backfilling Sewer Trenches, 7.50
South Main Street repairs, 1.00
Street sweeping. 20.so
street Sprinkling 12.00
Garbage, 352 loads, 53.00
Injured Laborer, 9.00
Graded School Fence, 1.00
Bradford street, digging clay 93.15
Oakland avenue, repairs 9.50
East Liberty street 2.00
Repairing fence and cleaning
city lot 2.80
Hauling 1 carload cement 2.60
Purdy street, cleaning 10.00
Dingle street, cleaning and clay 5.00
Total pay roll $237.35
No. men, 25; carts, 8.
Mr. Ligon for the Police Committee
submitted reports of lights not burn?
ing, and police report for October as
Arrests, 96; fines paid, $471.50;
days labor, 150.
Mr. Finn reported that he had been
Informed that the Durant Hardware
Co. have a lease on part of the lot re?
cently purchased from Mrs. Bultman
and also on the barn on the land
until September, 1910. The commit?
tee appointed to buy the barn were
granted further time.
Mr. Stubbs suggested that the barn
be used temporarily by the fire de?
partment. Mr. Finn asserted that the
barn could be used without altera?
tions and additions which were not
permissible under the fire limits law.
Mr. Bultman moved that the Fire De?
partment Committee be requested to
arrange for erection of suitable build?
ings and it was so ordered.
The claim of Mr. J. H. Johnson
$75 for services as architect to date
was ordered paid.
Mr. Ligon called attention to per?
mission granted by Council to the At?
lantic Coast Line R. It. Co., on Feb.
12th. 1908, to do shifting on their
yards on Sundays, during the busy
?eaaon, He said the privilege is in
violation of the law of the State, and
Is being abused as he Is informed, by
doing unnecessary work, allowing no
Sunday privileges to employes. And
moved that the resolution be rescind?
ed. Mr. Finn corroborated Mr. Llgon'a
statements. The motion to rescind
Mr. Ligon spoke with pride of the
success of the Sumter Light Infantry
In military contests at the recent
State Fair. And on his motion the
congratulations of Council were ex
tended to the company.
City Engineer Lee presented
measurements and estimated cost of
concrete sidewalks on Main St., from
Canal to Bartlette, Bartletti to Har
vin, Harvin to Telephone. Also cost
of vitrified brick paving. On motion
of Mr. Wright the city engineer was
authoried to advertise for bids on the
concrete sidewalks, and report to
The following resolution was unan?
Resolved, That the $50,000 City of
Sumter Sewerage Bonds, which were
awarded to Messrs. X. W. Harris &
Company on September 30th, 1909,
be coupon bonds, of the denomina?
tion of one thousand dollars ($1,000)
each, be fifty (50) in number, num?
bered from one (1) to fifty (50) in?
clusive, dated the first day of July,
1909, payable the first day of July,
1949, bearing interest at the rate of
five per centum per annum, payable
on the first days of January and July
j in each year; both principal and in
I terest of said bonds be payable at the
office of Messrs. N. W. Harris & Com?
pany, New York City, N. Y., and be
I coupon bonds with the privilege of
I registration as to principal only.
I The Sumter Ice, Light and Power
1 Co. filed their formal acceptance of
I the terms of the Ordinance adopted
I by Council, granting them a franchise
A letter was recived from Mr. E.
I W, Vogel soliciting a share of the po
I lice bicycle trade.
I A communication from the Board
I of Health in reference to public
j closets, and the use of dry wells was
I referred to the Police and Sanitary
I Committee and City Eengineer.
A letter was read from Mr. John
I Clack, agent Southern Railway stat
I ing that the company will comply
I with the request of Council in regard
I to filling up their low lot between
j their freight station and Crosswell &
J Co.'s warehouse.
By request of Mr. H. C. Hayns
I worth the Railroad Committee was
I asked to have the railroad crossing
I in Hauser street improved by the A.
C. L. Co.
J The following claims were referred
I to the Finance Committee:
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., $37.49;
Von Ohsen & Shirer, $12.25; Miracle
Pressed Stone Co., $37.13; Boyle Live
Stock Co., $6.50; Durant Hardware
Co., $35.22; W. B. Boyle, $54.00; H.
I L. Tisdale, $2.30 and $12.95; S. M.
Pierson, $5.64; Craig Furniture Co.,
$6.50; E. T. Brailsford, $20.
Council then adjourned.
HALLOW-EVE IN IRELAND.
With u Fiddler, a Eire and Feasting.
The Night is Spent in Merry-Mak?
Of the many festivities which we
have among the remote hills of Ire?
land Hallow-eve is looked forward to
with most pleasurable anticipation by
the light-hearted youth, says Seumas
MacManus In The Delineator for No?
vember. On that night the young peo?
ple will indulge in ? their merriest
prankl and their greatest tricks and
most fascinating magical mysteries,
and, not least, they will enjoy not
merely apples and nuts, but the rarest
dishes in all of the twelve months.
Like Christmas, Hallow-eve is a
home time for our people. The moun?
tain kitchen, in which the family and
friends of the family are going to
spend Hallow-eve, in all probability,
occupies the whole width of the house
and half the length of it. There is a
great open hearth from which the
high-piled turf and bog fire sends up
dancing flames with the winsomest,
dancing, yellow light, which makes
shadows leap and bound like ghosts
on the walls and along the bared raf?
ters overhead, and glimmers and
shimmers on the patterned delft
which, crowded in close rows, adorns
the sand-whited dresser.
There are sand-whited chairs of
old-fashioned country pattern, and
short forms, and three-legged stolls,
and stolls yclept "creepy," in plenty.
Emergency seats are to be had by
pressing into service the side of the
"outshot" bed in the kitchen corner,
and the half-emptied bags of meal
that sit by the wall-side down the
floor, and the vagabonds of the com?
pany would strive among themselves
for these privileged bed-seats?that
particular position being the unallen
able privilege of the aforementioned
vagabonds of the countryside, because,
having all the rest, of the gathering
before them and under them, they can
rake the company with arrows of sar?
casm the night long. A local fiddler,
with whom the family is a favorite,
honors the household, maybe, with his
presence that night, or else a wander?
ing piper, who always finds his home
within the first house he meets after
night tails. The fiddler or the piper,
as the case may be, has the seat of
honor in the chimney-corner?for in
our mountains the musician is prince.
C. E. Yarborough, white, of Ander?
son has been arrested on the charge
Bud Edwards, a negro boy of An?
derson, was trampled to death by a
MANY CANDIDATES WILLING.
Prominent ClttoM Who Are Not
Aver?; to Holding Office.
The Columbia correspondent of the
Augusta Chronicle writes as follows
of the political outlook in South Car?
olina as it as developed at the poltical
conferences and log-rolling caucus
held during fair week:
A deal of political talk and log-rol?
ling there was here in the hotel lob?
bies and on the streets fair week as is
usual with this annual gathering of
prominent men. from all parts of the
State. The week is looked forward
to as furnishing an opportunity for
framing up State political deals of
all kinds and the politicians and
statesmen are always on hand to pro?
tect themseh-es and get their ears to
the ground. And this year immedi?
ately preceding an election year the
interest was greater and the work
harder, although so far as could be
learned there were no definite frame
ups for any particular office.
The greatest activity and the larg?
est volume of talk had reference to
the gubernatorial candidates. The
week appears to have developed one
entirely new entry and to have made
definite the candidacies of several
others. There appears to be now sev?
en definite possible candidates who
will enter the race for governor next
summer. Thea are Richard L Man?
ning of Sumter, Lieut. Gov. Thomas
G. McLeod, of Bishopville, C. C.
Featherstone of Laurens, John G.
Richards, of Kershaw, F. H. Hyatt, of
Columbia, Cole L. Blease, of New
berry, and Attorney General J. Fr?ser
Lyon, of Abbeville.
All of these were here fair week
mixing with their friends and talking
about the- prospects, as were the two
United States senators,' three con?
gressmen and a score or more lesser
lights in the State's political firma?
Of these seven, it is curious to note,
five are Methodists: Messrs. Blease,
McLeod, Featherstone, Hyatt and Ly?
on. Mr. Manning is an Episcopalian
and Mr. Richards a Presbyterian. Of
the seven named Messrs. Manning,
McLeod. Featherstone and Blease
definitely announced that they would
be in the race.
None seemed disposed to finally
outline his platform, but from this
distance it looks as if all will advo?
cate prohibition except Mr. Blease,
who will run on the same mixed liq?
uor platform as he ran on when Gov?
ernor Ansel beat him 20.000 votes In
the gubernatorial race last time. But
it is understood Mr. Blesse will make
State finance.- the chief plank in his
There are dim outlines of a possi?
ble interesting rivalry between Mes?
srs. Lyon and Manning, the indica?
tions pointing to efforts on the part of
many of Mr. Lyon's strongest friends
to sidetrack him for the present In fa?
vor of Mr. Manning on the SCO re thai
Mr. Ly.?n has not yet completed his
work In the graft casts. These argue
that it would I"- best to save Mr. Ly
(.t to run against Senator Tillm*n.
which certainly provides an interest?
ing race as the two are violent politi?
cal enemies, SMtator Tillman having
attempted to defeat the atto.'ity gen?
era1 on account of certain features of
the first graft investigations. But Mi.
Lyon says when he gets ready to run
for governor he will do so without
consulting these so-called friends. His
work with the dispensary investiga?
tions has aroused strong antipathy in
various parts of the State. His friends
point out that he is practically sure
to get results in the graft prosecu?
tions at Chester, and in plenty of time
to enter the race for governor.
The leading prohibition candidate
appears to be Mr. Featherstone.
Mr. Richards is yet undecided as to
how he will vote next spring in the
legislature on liquor or whether he
will enter the race for governor. He
expresses the firm conviction, how?
ever, that the legislature will pass a
State-wide prohibition act.
Mr. Hyatt will run on a business
man's platform. He has for several
years been president of the State
good roads association and through
his work with the cotton association
is in close touch with the farmers. He
also has about 10,000 Mutual Life
policy holders over the State and a
hundred or so agents, many of whom
*.? ill naturally work for him.
SI IT OVER SPOILED FISH.
Sumter Health OHieer Refers. Matter
To State Authorities.
Columbia, Nov. !?.?City Health Of?
ficer B. I. Reardon, of Sumter, has
complained t<? State Health < iflUccr
Williams, of a custom some of the
Charleston nah dealers have been
practicing as noticed by consignees of
Sumter <?t' mixing spoiled fish With
Dr. Williams referred the c omplaint
to Attorney General Lyon, who ad?
vised that the health authorities could
take action either under the special
provisions of the pure food law, or
they c< Uld bring action under section
806 of the criminal code, which for?
bids telling or having for sale un?
sound meats of any kind.
LABOR UXIOX BACKS GOMPERS.
Council of Federation Denounces Uae
Of Court? in Industrial Disputes?
Urges Old AgS) Pensions.
Toronto, Ont., Nov. 9.?If President
Samuel Gompers, Vice President
Mitchell and Treasurer Morrison of
the American Federation of Labor
eventually have to serve jail sentences
for contempt of court, it will not be
due to lack of support frm trades
unionism. The executive council of
the federation recommended to the
annual convention that an appeal be
taken to the United States Supreme
Court, both in the Bucks Stove and
Range Company's injuncion case and
in the contempt proceedings growing
out of it. That the convention will
ratify the recommendation seems cer?
tain and that the three labor leaders
and their fellow officers will be re
elected for another year Is predicted.
A vigorous denunciation of the use
of labor injunctions and of the denial
of trial by jury was embodied in the
council's report today.
NOT SETTLED YET.
Dispensary Commission Not Through
Columbia. Nov. 9.?According to a.
statement by Dr. W. j. Murray, the
meeting of the dispensary winding
up commission tomorrow will not be
the last sitting of the body, but that
it will require at least half-dozen
more meetings before the affairs of
the old State dispensary would be
settled up. All of the members of the
commission will be present at the sit?
ting tomorrow, which will be held in
executive session. Col. Tom Felder
will also be in attendance.
The claims against the old State
dispensary amount jto approximately
$400,000, and it was generally thought
that all of these claims would be set?
tled at the meeting of the commission
Chairman Murray, when seen today
and asked if the meeting would be a
final one, sa'.d: "Why, no, there will
be at least half a dozen more before
the matters are finally settled up." ?
Dr. Murray, when asked if the
claims had been scaled down by the
commission, said: "Really, I don't
know." Although the chairman of
the commission will make no state?
ment as to whether the claims have
been cut down, it is understood that
the State will be saved a considerable
The only definite statement that Dr.
Murray makes in reference to the
work of the commission tomorrow is
"that the commission will meet in
excutive session, and that the result
of the findings will be given out at a
It is not known whether the com?
mission will take any more testimony
or not. At the last session Cashier
J. Pope Matthews, of the Palmetto
National Bank, was called to the
stand, and was put through a severe
questioning by Col. Felder for the
The chairman of the commission,
when asked if any more witnesses
would appear before the commission, >
stated that "he did not know."
One thing is known that the sum
of about $630.000 is held by the com?
mission, this being admitted by Dr.
At the several executive session of
the commission, according to state?
ments by members of the commission,
the body went over the different
claims with a view to final adjust?
ment, but nothing of a definite na?
ture has ever been given out as to
just how much any of the claims will
be cut down.
Mary Gaillard, colored, five years
old, was accidental}" shot and killed
by Abram Porcher, colored, 14 years
old, in Charleston. The boy was sit?
ting in a chair examining a shotgun
when it was accidentally discharged.
Hilbert Heney, who escaped from
the Greenville county jail last week,
was captured yesterday.
THE KIND OF
To be used is very much a
matter of taste. It is im?
portant, though, that the
frames set properly on the
nose and at the right dis?
tance from the Eyes; that
the lenses be perfectly cen?
tered, and how are you to
know when some is guess?
ing. VVE NEVER GUESS
I have a graduate Optician
in charge of my Optical Parlor
and all work is guaranteed. cJ
Jeweler and Opticiail
6 S. Main St. Phone 333. jj