Newspaper Page Text
Cht Matcbitrau aift Snmtbnm.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1909.
The Suinter Watchman was found?
ed In 1950 and the True Southron in
1IIC. The Watchman and Southron
sow has the combined circulation and
Influence of both ot the old papers,
and is manifestly the best advertising
medium in Sumter.
The Charleston Interlude.
(Editorial in the Now York Sun.)
Aa It seems to us. the whole coun?
try may well he proud of Charleston.
After the noise and shouting and the
Interminable speechmaklng at Savan?
nah?and we had expected that town
to be much less maladroit?Charles?
ton must have seemed a haven of ref?
uge, an oasis of repose. The presi?
dent had reached that halcyon spot
after long and painful wanderings.
Ha had been badgered by a hundred
too ea,- t communities, with so-called
edibles In both hands and with trum?
pets and rejoicings on the side, and
he had slid Into Charleston much as
the tollworn traveler sinks Into An
umbrageous stopping place and tries
to fan away his sorrows and his hard?
Savannah, the snoring town where
under ordinary circumstances it is al?
ways afternoon, had arisen from Its
habitual torpor and burgeoned Into a
strange plenitude of oppressive hospi?
tality. The slumbering reserves had
been called out. Bonaventurc had as?
sumed Its gala costume. The great
white way to Thunderbor: was
smoothed for the occasion. And all
the epicures and orators were gath?
ered there. Mr. Taft sat until 3 a.
m. beneath % wind of pointless elo?
quence. Speakers charged with gar?
rulous. If unimportant, vehemence
made the welkin ring with a hollow
sound. And so our long suffering
martyr went away as If In some
dream of rest and ultimate rescue and
quiet. Savannah lingered over the
remnants of Its Ill-begotten banquet,
and starvelings seised upon the
crumbs. Exhausted orators awoke te
dim remembrance of their fruitless
voeelferatlon, and Savannah by slow
degree resumed Its normal sloth.
But the president seems to have
found relief and much needed ease in
Charleston. There, if we may believe
the current record, he encountered
only pleasant offices and the oppor?
tunity of rest. The banquet, presum?
ably correct and simple, took no time,
and the speeches were reduced to
nothing through the magic process of
consideration. We can believe that
Mr. Taft, refreshed by the absence of
alluring and abundant cookery, and
rested In the dearth of loud loquacity,
redeemed himself from affectionate
restraint and cut a new notch in his
gratitude to Charleston.
Has the country in general and Mr.
Taft In particular to thank Deacon
J. C. Hemphlll for this delectable
Co-Operation May Help.
As a means of buying cheaply, buy?
ing In large quantities Is of great im?
portance. In fact, buying in large
quantities and paying cash are the
two chief factors In lessening the
margin of profit which the seller de?
As a rule the farmer does not buy
In large quantities and thereby misses
one of the chief means by which he
might buy to best advantage. To
meet this difficulty farmers' organiza?
tions have in a measure sought to
combine buying Interests. The chief
difficulty with buying through these
organizations has been the imprac?
ticability In many cases of the pur?
chaser seeing the article desired, be?
fore giving the order, and the result?
ing diftsntl' faction In frequently re?
ceiving something different fr ?nj that
expected <>r want* d.
As a general rule, we believe the
local dealer or merchant will be able
to give better satisfaction than can be
obtained through any other method
of p in-haso. Through 1dm the ad
van. uKes of buying in quantity are
obtained, the article may be Inspected
before purchased, freight rates ought
to be less because ,,f larger quantities,
and In case of a defective or unsatis?
factory article the local merchant is
always easily reached and Is usually
ready and willing to recognize and
make peed ill Ju*t claims. Of course,
where a number of farmers can com?
bine ;.:<d buy UMo.i- of a standard
char. icttf or quality. In large quan?
tities, and Obtain a lower price, they
should do so; but as a general rule, If
cash Is paid the local merchant, such
as must be paid the seller at a dis?
tance, ho will sell as cheaply as can
be purchased elsewhere and will re?
lieve the purchuser of goods in smalt
quantities of the troublesome and un?
familiar details Involved In buying at
To sum up. wo may state that the
essentials to buying to the best ad?
vantage are an accurate knowledge
of what Is wanted; the money to pay
cash, buying goods of high quality,
and either purchasing in large quan?
tities or through an honest local deal?
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W? Daubs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to doub'e its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o?ir readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | oblished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville. S. C.
Some Random Thought*.
I wish every father and mother
would give close study to the article
by Dr. Tait Butler about keeping the
Boy on the Farm. On Monday I saw
the boys and samples of the corn they
have grown in Florence county this
year in the Boys' Corn Contest. Fifty
five bushels from one half acre by a
boy whose father did all he could to
dissuade tho boy from trying, and
now goes around and tells how "*ve
did it" and how "we will do better
next year." Such object lessons as
this do more to encourage better
farming than newspaper articles. I
went to the Pee Dee convention more
to request of the president his appro?
val of more direct teaching of the
farmers at home by the experts of
the der/'rtment. than for any other
thing. The boys corn contest there
was i. good Illustration of the great
good n such teaching. Why is it that
Sumter county is not in this picture
along with Dee and Florence and oth?
er counties? We must look into this
matter and see that Sumter is not left
In this new departure which means
so m ich for the future development
of our farms.
Another matter that was discussed
at Florence which is of vital impor?
tance in all our flat land sections, is
drain ige. A permanent organization
to work for drainage and sanitation
was formed, and the writer was made
executive committeeman for Sumter
counly, with Mr. E. L Reardon, of
Sumter, corresponding secretary. We
wish suggestions from every one who
is interested in this important sub?
Through the coutresy of Supervisor
McBride. who was for ten or twelve
years a valued citizen of Sumter
county, I was shown much of his
road-building and the county poor
farm The latter is one of the illus?
trations of what drainage will do. It
produces the corn, hay and oats for
all the county stock, In addition to
feeding the inmates and convicts on
the (halngang with wholesome home
grown and ground corn meal, (no
pellagra In it) and meat, vegetables
of several kinds and potatoes. The
resul s of his work on the poor farm
Justified my often spoken statement
that when properly handled our
plnej woods lands are the best we
have f?>r all crops.
Thi convention was like most of Its
sort, too croyvded with good speeches
for any one to take in a tenth of all
the food things said. Mr. Grosvenor
Dawc s analysis of why the South is
boun 1 to be the greatest commercial
sectk n of the United States was very
Interesting. Its sea coast and \iWT\
bors. Its navigable rivers and water
pow? r; its climate and soil; Its people
with all their noble traditions, but
need the inspiration, self-help and
neigl burly emulation to put the
South if! the front rank of true prog
ress und greatness. I suppose I was
so ft vorably impressed because his
speeih was full of the best kind of
Farmers' Union doctrine, i wish it
coub have been spoken to a crowded
hOUSH instead of to a handful of the
GIRI, MAKES MONEY RAISING
?OHSfi sTMsslgdai of What ( aii be Done
With Itiultry. With a Variety of
Talks Ofl Timely Topic*.
(By Uneli Jo.)
Do y<?u know that there is a girl
living In Virginia who has paid her
way through school for the last four
?yarn by raising and selling Bantam
chickens? She started with three
chickens four years ggo, and now sells
Iff. I year of well bred birds, which
ar,. always In demand at good prices.
And I know of a man living not
mom than a thousand miles awny,
who, during the past twelve years,
has not reclved a dollar from any
other source than his poultry, has
supported himself and family In good
shape and acquired a substantial bank
account, and these twelve years has
not raised over 300 birds per year on
the average. This may sound unrea?
sonable, but it is a fact. There Is no
secret about his success. He simply
acquired a reputation as a breeder,
exhibiting his birds year after year,
and winning the ribbons, and having
done this, he has been In the position
to get the very highest prices for his
stock. He might have produced the
birds and neglected to exhibit them,
adn today he would be, like thous?
ands of others?practically unknown
adn selling stock at market price. I
would like to have the photograph of
a fellow who has ever built up a rep?
utation of a breeder without exhibit?
ing his stock. Perhaps it can be
done, but, as Mr. Dooley would say:
"I don't know, I don't know."
My udvice to every one who is rais?
ing standard-bred fowls for either
pleasure or profit, is to make at least
one exhibit this fall, and if possible
attend the fair or the show in person.
Talk with the Judge and other exhibi?
tors, look over the other birds, and
glean information that will help in
producing birds and preparing them
for vhe show room another year. It
is better to show and meet defeat than
never to show at all. Get your nerve
up. Your birds may be bstter than
'The product of the hen-coop is
now nearly as valuable as that of the
wheat field." So recently said the
Secretary of Agriculture. It means
millions of dollars added to the
wealth of the country yearly, and yet
does not seem to be a great industry.
The farmers could make it the larg?
est business of the country if they
would only put more energy in it.
Market prices for fowls of all kinds
are higher than ever before, and eggs
bring Detter prices. The markets are
never overstocked, and there is al?
ways a ready sale for both poultry
and eggs .
You can get more eggs and make
more money from 40 hens well cared
for than you can from a hundred half
cared for, Just as you can make more
from a 40-acre farm well cultivated
than you can from a 100-acre farm
that Is running to weeds.
The first thing to consider for good
winter layers Is the breed. A fowl
th?.; will fly over the garden fence and
scratch around a newly planted bed
of garden truck Is the right kind of a
bird to have for winter laying, and the
fowl that will stay Just where you
put her If the fence Is only a foot
high, is the one for the frying pan.
The habit of clipping off the
flights of one or more wings of hens
should be discontinued from the fact
that it disfigures the specimens, and
it is quite unnecessary. If the wings
were opened out and the web strip?
ped from the entire flight fathers,
leaving about an inch at the point, it
would prevent the fowl from flying,
and not present the undesirable ap?
pearance that is caused from cutting
off the wings. A bird stripped in this
way is not so unattractive in appear?
ance as one whose feathers were
chopped off with a knife or scissors.
When Buying Feeds ami Fertilizers,
Good illustrations of the necessity
l or more knowledge regarding things
purchased, in order to buy them to
the best advantage, are to be found
in the manner in which fertilizers and
feeding stuffs are purchased.
Fertilisers and feeding stuffs must
be purchased on the basis of the
plant food! and food nutrients they
contain, in the purchase of a fertili?
ser the nitrogen, phosphoric acid P^d
potash nre all it contains of mu i
value to the farmer, and these, and
these only, should form the basis for
determining its price or value. Like?
wise, a feeding stuff should be pur?
chased on the basis of the protein,
carbohydrates ami fats it contains.
For instance, if a ton of cottonseed
meal, containing 6.18 per cent nitro?
gen, sells for %'2U, then, either as a
fertilizer or as a feed, another ton of
oottonaeed meal containing 6.6 per
cent nitrogen is worth $26.70.
To purchase feeds or fertilizers to
the best advantage requires a more
Intelligent care to calculate the price
on the baslf f* the guaranteed con?
tents of each sack or brand. Frtili
zers are usually purchased by the
sack, ton or brand, regardless of
what they contain, the farmers of our
section, lose millions of dollars each
year. It is a well known fact that ni?
trogen is worth about 20 cents a
pound, phosphoric acid about 5 cents,
and potash about 5 1-2 cents a pound
In mixed commercial fertilizers and at
these prices it is an easy matter for
any one to calculate the value of a ton
of fertilizer containing 3 per cent of
nitrogen (3 pounds of nitrogen in 100
pounds of fertilizer), 8 per cent of
phosphoric acid, and 3 per cent of
potash. Such a ton of fertilizer at
the prices for plant foods stated is
worth $23.30, while a ton of fertilizer
containing 2 per cent of nitrogen, 8
per cent of phosphoric acid and 2 per
cent of potash, is only worth $18.20.
It is apparent, therefore, that to
purchase to the best advantage
knowledge of the things purchased is
the first essential, and therefore, so
long as we lack this knowledge, we
can never hope to buy to the best ad?
By Buying to the Host Advantage.
(By Dr. Tait Butler.)
The buying and selling necessary in
the management of every farm, have
not been given the attention they de
serve. The successful farmer must
be a business man. and as much, or
more, depends on his business ability
as on his knowledge of agriculture or
his ability to produce good crops. Of
late, *nore attention has been given to
the producing and selling parts of the
business, but the buying end is ecpial
ly important. The first step in cor
rect buying is to know hat to buy.
The purchase of an article not as well
suited as some other to serve the pur?
pose, or do the work for which it was
purchased, 1s a distinct loss. To buy
an implement or other article, use it
only for~a short time and then throw
it aside is money wasted. To buy
anything which is not realy needed j
to do the work of the farm or home
better, or add 10 the comfort or pleas?
ure of those on the farm, is poor busi?
ness policy. On the other hand, to
buy that which will best serve the
purpose required is as important as
to buy at the lowest price.
How to Know What to Buy.
It is not always easy to know just
what to buy. In fact, it is impossible
for any one, in all cases, to know
which of two articles intended for
the same purpose should be bought;
but In this, as in all similar cases, a
thorough study or investigation of the
question is the safest guide.
There are numerous sources of in?
formation available to all, under or?
dinary conditions, and If the purchase
is one involving much money none of
these should be neglected.
The first,, because the mst satis?
factory source of information is a
personal examination or inspection of
the implement or the article when ac?
tually in use. To this should aways
be added the unbiased opinion of
those who have successfully used the
article in question, or a similar one
intended to do the same work or
serve the same purpose. We too fre?
quently neglect to profit by the ex
perienc of others. For Instand every
now and then we meet a man who
still insists on trying a silo built in
the ground, when the experience of
silo users showed many years ago
that it was cheaper to elevate the
feed into the silo by machinery when
filling it than to lift the feed out
when ready to use it.
Again, certain people continue to
buy hog cholera "cures," patent con
dimental stock food and other patent
medicines notwithstanding those men
who have made a study of such things
?the veterinarians?are unanimous
in the opinion that they are worth?
less, when not actually harmful.
It is folly to spend money experi?
menting with some plan or imple?
ment which the experience of others
has proved unsatisfactory. If a meth?
od or machine is worthy of serious
attention it is usually practicable to
find some one who knows and will
give the best and generally accepted
information regarding it. and it Is
usually folly to no contrary to this
generally accepted opinion when ob?
tained. The experiment stations,
agricultural colleges, state and na?
tional departments of agriculture and
the agricultural press, all offer facili?
ties for the farmer's obtaining gen?
eral directions and information re?
garding all matters relating to farm
machinery, implements or other ar
tides for doing farm work. A second
?ource of information which If no!
always given due consideration is the
opinion or knowledge of the dealer or
merchant. There are. of coarse, dts*
honest merchants, but almost any
man knows some dealer In whom he
hai confidence, if this dealer aas ac?
tually used the article about which
his advice is sought and is honest, his
opinion Is of value ami should be
given du?- consideration.
A third source id' information
Which may be made of great value is
the catalogs and other descriptive lit?
erature of the dealers ami manufac
turera relating to thoae things which
the farmer needs to buy. An im?
mense amount of Information may be
obtained from this source. The man
facturers Will gladly send printed d?>
tcrlptlons of all implements and ma?
chinery on request. The advertising
pages of an agricultural journal
should constitute one of the chief
sources of the value which such a
paper has for the farmer. A postal
card to the advertiser will generally
bring full information reading the
Bmithvllle, Nov. li.?The enter?
tainment given for the benefit of the
BmtthvlllS school was a success.
Quite a neat little sum was realized.
The mass meeting which came off
yesterday at St. John's Methodist
church was enjoyed by those who at?
tended. The speakers for the day
were: Lieut. Qov. T. G. McLeod and
Mr. Tatum, of Bishopville, Rev. L L
Bedenbeaugh and Rev. T. L. Cole,
of the Baptist church. After an in?
teresting address by each of the
speakers the crowd repaired to the
grove where a delightful dinner was
served by the ladies A short while
was spent in pleasant converse. Then
the crowd returned to the church and
had the pleasure Of listening to an
excellent sermon by Rev. L. L. Peden
beaugh. The many friends of Mr.
Bedenbeaugh were indeed glad to
meet him again. He was pastor of
this church for one year and while
here made many warm friends. X
building committee has been appoint?
ed and we hope ere long to see the
work assome definite shape.
Mrs. T. D. Foxworth is spending
some time in Sumter.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shiver spent
Tuesday last in Camden.
Miss Colsey Robertson has return?
ed home after a pleasant visit to her
sister, Mrs. Joel E. Davis of Brog
Miss Aline Hunter paid a flying
visit to friends at St. Charles recent?
Dr. T. D. Foxworth attended the
Pellagra Conference in Columbia last
Mr. and Mrs. \V. X. Dunlap spent
last Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. T. S.
Dunlap, of Marshall's.
There will be a Thanksgiving Jubi?
lee at Pisgah Baptist church on
Thanksgiving day. As Rev. T. L. Cole
is to get up the programme we are
looking forward to a day of social en?
joyment as well as a feast of spiritual
things. Come one and all, and lets
have a day of real Thanksgiving.
Pinewood, Nov. 11.?The Alkahest
Lyceum system presented Mr. Joseph
G. Camp, lecturer for their opening
attract on at the graded school audi?
torium on Thursday evening, Nov.
The following is a programme of a
local entertainment to be given at the
Pinewood graded school, Nov. 19th:
America.By the School
Welcome Address.Prof. Garrett
Instrumental Solo .. Miss Ida Griffin
Tableau.. ..Revereies of a Bachelor
Dialogue.Papa's Little Boy
Tableau.Rock of Ages
Drill and Tableau. The Star Spangled
Quartet.Three Wandering Jews
(Messrs. G. Richardson, Toomer
The Cabbage Hill School.
Tnstrunental Solo.Miss Annie Reeves
Cabbage Hill School.
Tableau-Where is My Wandring
Quartet.Old Black Joe
Tickets on sale at A. G. Stack's
store. Price, 15 and 25 cents. The
public is invited.
Mr. W. G. Klwell will start work in
a few lays on his new residence.
Mr. S. D. Klrkham, Of New York
city, will arrive about Dec \<t with
his family and a corps <>f cooks,
maids, and butlers for the winter's
stay at "Million!."
Mlms Bros. Live Stock Co.. have
received a car of horses and mules.
The High School football team II
trying to arrange for games with the
Darlington and the Columbia High
School and the send) team of the
South Carolina University.
Beginning Monday, November 16th
the Farmers' Gin Co., will only gin
on Tuesdays and Fridays.
11-9-lt. W. & s.
FOR SALE ? 600 a eres, near State
bur^. 10 miles west from Sumter,
abort 100 acres cleared; 12 settle?
ments; good water, healthy; well
rented; price $2.r? an acre. Address
A. M. L., Hox 326, Charleston, S.
C. 11-11-4 t-ltw
FOR SALE?The McLeod place, 256
1-2 acres, fine Wateree River
swamp, cotton and grain land, near
R. R. depot. J. R. Sumter, Sum?
ter, S. C. 10-12-tf.
Tili: HORSE SHOW.
deny Fine Honea on Exhibition ami
A La ige Attendance.
The second annual Horse Show un?
der the auspices of the Civic League
was held at the Base Ball Park
Thursday afternon with a large atten?
dance and it proved to be, in all re?
spects, a successful affair. The num?
ber of entries for the various events
was gratifying!? large and the horses,
mules and poines were exceptionally
The list of entries and prize win?
SINGLE MULE CONTEST.
B. L. McGee, E. F. McCoy. First
prize. E. L. IfeOee; second, E. F. Mc?
GENTLEMEN'S SADDLE HORSE.
Miss Mable Parrott (Waverly Levy
up), Coffy & Rigby, M. J. Moore, T.
D. Ravenel, E. D. Stukes, Bocth-Har
by Live Stock Co., G. A. I?mmon,
R. L. Wrigh", Marion Moise B. R.
DuRant, C. W. Smith. Firat prize,
M. J. Moore's horse ridden by A. D.
Harby; second, B. R. DuRant.
LADIES DOUBLE CONTEST.
H. J. McLaurin, driven by Mrs. W.
G. Stubbs; C. W. Smith, driven by
Mrs. C. H. Dorn. First prize. H. J.
McLaurin; second, C. W. Smith.
PONIES UNDER 4 4 INCHES.
Horace Harby, Jr., J. S. Sternberg
er, W. B. Boyle. First prize, Horace
Harby. Jr.; second, W. B. Boyle.
GENTLEMEN'S SINGLE HARNESS.
W. G. Stubbs, C. W. Smith, H. D.
Barnett, W. W. McCutchen, R. D.
Graham, G. D. Shore, Booth-Harby
Live Stock Co., F. O. Jennings, Chas.
Lucius, E. L. McGee, Eugene Stansill,
I E. G. Stukes. First prize, Booth-Har
I by Live Stock Co.; S eond, H. D. Bar
I nett; third, E. G. Stukes.
I DOUBLE MULE TE VM, 2 ENTRIES,
j First prize, E. L. McGee; second,
I Boyle Live Stock Co.
I LADIES SINGLE BUGGY,
j Mrs. W. C. Stubbs, C. W. Smith &
I Co., E. K. Friar, Booth-Harby Live
I Stock Co., H. Lucius, Geo. D. Shore,
IC. W. Smith. First prize, Booth
I Harby Live Stock Co., driven by Miss
I Sudie Furman; E. K Friar, dirven
I by Mrs. R. L. Wright.
LADIES RIDING CONTEST FOR
j RIDER AND HORSE. ,
I Miss Mable, Parrott, Miss Ray
I Dunne, Mrs. W. G. Stubbs, Mrs. R. Im
Wright, Miss Kirvin, riding M. J.
I Moore's horse. First prize, Miss Kir
I vin; second, Mrs. R. L. Wright
VETERAN DRIVING CLASS (NOT
I UNDER 15 YEARS.)
J Archie China, D. China, Mrs. R. O.
I Purdy. First prize, Archie China;
1 second, D. China.
I GENTLEMEN S DOUBLE TEAM, 2
I First Prize, H. J. McLaurin; sec
I ond, Geo. D. Shore.
I COMBINATION BUGGY AND SAD
| DLE HORSE.
Coffy & Rigby, E. G. Stukes, G. A.
I Lemmon, B. R. DuRant. First prize,
I E. G. Stukes; second, Coffy & Rigby.
I PONIES UNDER 44 INCHES, DRIV?
EN BY CHILDREN UNDER 12
I C. B. Hogan, Joe Morris, Anna Bur
I chill, L. L. Johnson. First prize, C.
I B. Hogan; second, Miss Burchill.
j Ansley Hurst and J. W. McKay, Jr.,
J exhibited old family horses in special
j class of their own.
Judges?Mr. W. L. Saunders, of
Stateburg. Dr. L. Y. Snider, of In
I diana, now in Camden. Mr, M. F.
I Heller, of Kingstree. Marshall. Mr. H.
Effect of Eulogy on LawjOf**
The Rev. F. S. C. Wicks of the All
Souls' Unitarian church told a good
story the other day of a young
preacher who eulogized a very bad
lawyer. He said the lawyer was a
bad husband, bad father, bad neigh?
bor and generally a bad man morally,
though he had been very successful
in his profession. For the funeral a
new preacher in the town was se?
lected so that he would not know
just what kind of a man the lawyer
The preacher arrived and asked a
man standing by. who was pretty
much of a wag; what sort of a man
the lawyer had been. The wag laud?
ed the lawyer to the skies. The
preacher believed all he said, arose
and pronounced a poetic eulogy of
the departed barrister. Wh.*n ht>
had heard all he could stand *o hear
without unburdening himself to some
one present, the judge of the court
in that town leaned over to a lawyer
vim sat beside him and remarked:
"Well, there's mighty little induce?
ment for a really good man to die in
Smithville now."?Indianapolis Star.
All of the Sumter people who at?
tended the Pee Dec Convention and
reception in honor of President Taft
in Florence had a most enjoyable
time. They reported that Florence was
equal to the occasion and entertained
thousands of visitors in the most de?
lightful and hospitable manner pos?
There was a slight touch of autumn
in the air Wednesday and most peo?
ple were glad. We have had a long