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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 13, 1909, Image 7',
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HON III HAS HACKS ZF.LAYA.
Another '/mcr Complication In Con?
ti al V merle* n Affairs.
Washington. Nov. 2.?The govern?
ment of Honduras, which Ig but three
year* old In Its present form and
which was fighting Nicaragua before
her own latest revolution, Is believed
by the Washington authorities to have
dropped her suspicions concerning
Zelaya. the all but deposed president
of Nicaragua, and to be coming to his
rescue Why Honduras should give
aid to her former bitter enemy cannot
be figured out by diplomats here, ex?
cept that she may hope to form a
friendly alliance with Zelaya In c vse
he should succeed la holding on to his
Claims that Honduras has not been
neutral In the civil war In Nicaragua
have come to the attention of the
state department and they wll. be
carefully Investigated. Accordlrg to
reports from Tegucigalpa. Honduras
has violated Article 2 of the general
treaty of peace and amity signed by
the Washington Peace Conference De?
cember SO. 1907 This stipulates that
"no government of Central America
fhall. In case of civil wax. Intervene In
favor of or against the government
of the co intry where the struggle
takes place.' If a violation of this
treaty is proved, It Is regarded as cer?
tain that the United State* and Mex?
ico, who "fathered" the Washington
Conference, will Join hands to give
Honduras a severe scolding. If not
something more severe. Secretary
Knoz. who is looking Into the situa?
tion personally, will not handle the
case with gloves, as such cases were
handled by former Secretary Root,
but. as In the Veneiuelan and Nlca
raguan cases, he will doubtless throw
off his coat and plunge in In his shirt
sleeves, so to speak.
The most tangible evidence that
Honduraa Is aiding President Zeleya
reached the ?t?te department today in
a meeaage from Tuguclgalpa. stating
that the legation had received a vigor
ous protest from the Laguna de rar?
las Fruit Company stating that their
company Is an American organization,
operating at Blueflelds. The com?
plaint stated that the Honduras offi?
cials had detained s gasoline lauch.
which was the property of the com?
pany but flew the Nlcaraguan flag,
which had left Blueflelds for Living?
ston after the revolution had atarted.
Th* launch put InM Porto Cortes for
l -al. when it was seised on the charge
that It was carrying Nlcaraguan revo
lutlonl?n# into Honduras territory, and
that the launch was the property of
The legation authorities learned
that the ship's papers were reported
regular, although one Nlcaraguan rev?
olutionist was a passenger. The lega?
tion upon a further Investigation
heard circumstantial rumors that
Honduras Is very favorable to Zelaya
at this moment and that men, arms
and money are being sent ft in Hon?
duras for his assistance. While the
American government Is looking Into
the '.auneh episode, It will also deter?
mine, if possible, when Honduras Is
rendering direct aid, as reported.
Whatever definite Information Is gain?
ed will be laid before the Mexican
government, after which It will be
passed upon for action on the part of
both governments. If any action Is
taken, it will probably be jointly.
Honduras doubtless will be called
upon for a settlement of the fruit
company's claim for damages Incurred
Why Some are Bald.
The late Thomas Bone, "the sailor's
missionary," was the soul of kindness,
but he had keen wit and a ready
tongue, too. An Instance given In his
recently published life is the follow?
"His work was not without Its hu?
morous side. Among the new men
there were some who always sought a
little amusement at his expense, but
they reckoned without their host. His
kindly manner never changed. The
smile never left his face. There was
no venom In the retort, but It seldom
failed to silence the interrupter. The
laugh raised at his expense made it
quite certain that no second attempt
would be made.
"Seeing him approaching one day.
one of a group of sailors announced
his Intention of having some fun. He
stepped forward and removed his hat,
revealing a perfectly smooth crown,
"Can you tell me why my heiid Is
so bald, while all my companions have
plenty of hair 7"
"1 don't know,' was the smiling re?
ply, 'unless the reason given me the
other day by a farmer wculd apply,
that an eripty barn Is not worth
shingling ' "?Youth's Companion.
J. B. Crovaet, an electric light line?
man In Charleston, caught hold of a
live wire and was almost electrocut?
?Many school children suffer from
constipation, which la often the cause
of seeming stupidity at lessons. Chain
ter'ain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
are sn ldetl medlcln* to give a chhd.
for they are mild and gentle In their
? ffect. and will cure even chronic on
stVpetlon. Bold by W. W. Slbert.
GREEK AKT FROM THE SEA.
Marble* And Bronze* Taken From
Wreck Off tlio Coast of Tunis.
(From the Cologne Gazette.)
The excavations from the bottom of
the sea which the director of anti?
quities of Tunis has caused to bo
made off Mandia have led this sum?
mer to r ew and surprising discoveries.
The am lent ship which sank there
once noi far fiom the north coast of
Africa held within itself a whole mu?
seum of ancient works in marble and
bronze. With true ardor the Greek
#|Vtf| who discovered the treasure on
tho sea aottom brought one piees af?
ter another to the surface during May
and June. That was no slight work,
for the Julk of the ship's cargo con?
sisted of a large number of marble
columns, most of them 3.35 meters
long and .65 meters in diamet2r. One
of them v**a lifted to the surface in
order to give some lclea of th? archi?
tecture lo which the columns, the
r. any column bases and the rlchiy
adorned Ionic capitals belonged.
Amon*; other marble pieces the re?
port of :he director of antiquities at
Tunis, A. Merin, mentions a number
of triangular bases or pillars resting
on grifft a feet, the lateral stir faces
surrounded by strings of beads in re
lief; they bore crowns with rich orna?
mentations of oak and acanthus leaves
Further, four immense marble milk
Jars adorned with bacchic reliefs,
worthy companions for the celebrat?
ed Borgr. ese vase in the Louvre. More?
over, the ship must have borne a mul?
titude of marble statues, of which up
to the present two naked torsos, a
statuette of the hunting Artemis, 10
heads of laughing satyrs, larger than
life; a faun, several female and a
ni mber of children's statuettes have
oeen rained. Many statues are badly
disfigured by the barnacles that have
grown upon them; in one of the wo?
men statues, however, the face has
r-ecn wholly spared. A tombstone re-#
lief representing a funeral banquet at
which she persons are taking part was
In Addition to the marble woric art
objects in bronse are represented in
)urge numbers. Among them are a
statue of Eros, which served as a can
delabruM, satyrs, dancing Cupid*, man
bearing a mask, busts that servo as
brackets or supports; likewise an
Athene with tb. helnet, of ve"/ tine
w irkumt slop; h i teiuiv with tho julv
e- gf| h?r > ho? hVr, thru he* 's of
rses, mules, du?ks, which jerved as
feet for 'ouds and ornaments; further,
lion heads, masks of bearded men and
Bacchantes, griffins, which henngjJ
to articles of furniture. A vase handle
is made out of a a panther preparing
io spring; a plaque has on it two grif?
fins: columns, capitals, animals' feet
belonged to large candelabra. Charm?
ing lamps complete the rich collect! M
The greatest surprise, however, was
caused by four Greek inscriptions. The
first is a simple, sepulchral column for
a man from the village of Phyle, in
Attica; the second contains in twenty
three lines a resolution of the Para
lol, a district In Africa, in honor of an
Attic citizen. In th? third inscription
also the word Paralol can be read; the
fourth comes from the temple of Am?
nion in Athens, and names the votive
offerings which the demos of Athens
gave of this god in the fourth century
before Christ. This proves that the
wrecked ancient ship came from Atti?
ca before it was cast by contrary
winds on the coast of North Africa.
Traces are also now found of its
crew and equipment. The anchor has
been hoisted to the surface; further,
many amphorae used for water, oil
and wine, in one of these remnants of
pitch could be made out. Also an
earthenware lamp, perhaps of the first
century before Christ, in which the
wick was well preserved. This belong?
ed doubtless to the crew, as did two
little hand mills for corn. The point
to which this richly laden ship was
steering from the Attic coast can
hardly be doubtful. No one but a Ro?
man provincial official or dealer in an?
tiquities could have gathered together
on the ship this select quantity of
Greek plunder, in which even the
simple blocks with inscriptions are
not lacking, and for the purpose of
fetching It to Italy. How many of the
countless Greek works in marble in
the Italian museums may formerly
have crossed the sea in a like manner!
How many of them may have sunk in
TWO SHIPS GO DOWN.
only Two Men Saved of the Two
New York, Nov. 9.?Belated news of
a disaster at sea in which probably
11 lives were lost was brought to New
York today. Six members of the
crew of barkentlne John S. Bennett
bound from New York to Halifax,
with a carno of coal, were drowned
early Monday morning when the ves?
sel was sunk In a collision off Block
Island with a four-masted schooner,
supposed to be the Merrill C. Hart, of
Thomaston, Me. The schooner also is
believed to have been lost with all heV
crew of five men.
GROWTH IN GOLD MINES.
Antiquated Steam Machinery Replac?
ed by Later Methods.
From the Philadelphia Record.
Human ingenuity and energy are
being exhausted in the West in the ef?
fort to make the gold production of
the United States this year exceed the
production of 1908, which was the
highest for many years. In 1908 the
gold production of $90,313,300 was
something over $6,000,000 in advance
of the production of 1907?due in a
large measure, to the perfection of
new and scientific methods of extract?
ing the precious metal from refrac?
tory or low grade ores.
In the great gold-mining States of
the West a revolution is being enacted
In the mining camps. Antiquated ma?
chinery is a thing of the past.
Last year the six States of Colora?
do, Alaska, California, South Dakota
and Utah supplied 90 per cent, of the
total gold production of the United
States. Apparently the gold resources
of these States are inexhaustible. All
of them require different methods of
mining, yet the ingenuity of man has
met every demand, and every year
sees some new triumph accomplished
and some new difficulty in mining
In Colorado it is estimated thv. tne
gold mining industry gives employ?
ment to over 11,000 persons, and the
yearly payroll is more than $12,000,
000. In the earliest days of quartz
mining, before powder was used,
mines could not be worked to a depth
of more than 50 feet in some districts.
The water had to be lifted by hand,
and generally the first appearance of
subterranean flow was a signal for
abandoning mines that have since
been worked to a depth of thousands
of feet at great profit.
The evolution of placer mining has
been even more astpunding than that
of deep mining. One can see the con?
trast even today in the United States.
In Arizona there is a placer field of
7,000 acres that is worked by Mexi?
cans in the most primitive manner,
the water being carried on the backjs
of burros for six or eight miles. This
form of "panning" was practiced In
early days of placer mining. The old
time placer miner was equipped with
a gold pan, "Long Tom" rocker and
pick and shovel, and with these crude
Instruments succeeded in wresting
many millions from the earth. But
this form of mining was slow, and
only the richest "pockets" could be
worked. Something was needed that
would work faster and clean up the
ground In more economical fashion,
so at Yankee Jim, Placer county, Cali?
fornia, in 1852, there appeared the
first hydraulic machinery. An Ingen?
ious miner, whose name is lost to
fame, contrived a simple apparatus,
the hose being made of cowhide. It
proved practical, however, and soon
there came into general use the hy?
draulic machinery that is now a fami?
liar sight In many placer fields?great
streams being shot into gold-bearing
earth at tremendous pressure and
washing the gravel into sluices, where
It is treated.
Even the hydraulic machinery prov?
ed to have its drawbacks, however. It
required much water, from running
streams, and, as the Western country
was being settled by ranchmen who
needed all the available water for ir?
rigation, suits were instituted, and in
many cases the mining Interests Were
losers in court.
The attention of mining men in the
placer fields was turned to the gold
dredge, a machine that was Invented
by a New Zealander in the eighties.
The gold dredge Is a great flat boat,
one one end of which projects a giant
crane, equipped with a steam shovel.
The dredge requires enough water to
enable it to float, and that is all. The
giant shovel picks up the gold-bearing
sand, dumps it into a sluice on the
boat, from which it is run to tables,
where the gold Is scientifically ex?
tracted and the refuse is allowed to
pass out at the rear of the boat. The
dredge keeps cutting a new basin for
itself, and soon travels a vast expanse
of placer ground.
In one instance In the West a
ranchman found gold "color" In his
valuable orchard. He figured that he
could mak more money gold mining
than by fruit raising, so he Installed
a dredge In his orchard. The trees
were cut down as the dredge progres?
sed, and soon all the great orchard
had been destroyed by the machine;
but the ranchman had been made a
millionaire, while it was a matter of
ease to replant his orchard. A giant
dredge costs from $50,000 to $75,000.
An Honest Confession.
A well-known divine was preaching
one Sunday morning on the subject of
"The Great and Small Things of Cre?
ation" relates Llpplncott's.
To illustrate his thought ihat noth?
ing was either too vast or loo tiny to
be of interest to God, he proceeded in
"The Creator of this Immense uni?
verse created also the most Infinites!*
mal atom In it. The Architect of these
vast mountains fashioned also the ti?
niest thread of gold running through
ihem. The God who made me made
A JOKE ON THE PEOPLE.
How the Sugar Trust Got tho Laugh
on the [rate Consumers,
The secret truth of a gigantic
hold-up of the American people Is
told in the current number of Hamp
ton's Magazine, in which Judson C,
Welllver, a recognized expert, is writ?
ing the first authoritative history of
the Sugar Trust. Mr. Welllver IS
speaking of the tariff disturbance of
1S90 when he makes this astounding
The people, he says, vaguely under?
stood that the tariff helped the trust
monopolize sugar and charge extor?
tionate prices. The tariff was high,
and seemed to be good for the trust;
ergo, to take off the tariff would hurt
the trust. That was the public's rea?
So the cry for free sugar went up
on all sides. "Free sugar and down
wtih the trust!" was the slogan.
And when congress met, Harry
Havemeyer was on hand, heading the
lobby that wanted the sugar duty re?
"Certainly! the tariff is ruining the
refiners and robbing the people," he
declared. "The people don't under?
stand this. There isn't any trust,
that's all bosh. Refineries shut down?
Yes, I've heard that some companies
have been forced to shut down; the
tariff has ruined a good many of us,
and the rest are hanging on by our
eyelashes. Take off the tariff, and
sugar will get cheap, all right, then
you'll discover how mistaken is all this
clamor about a trust. There isn't any;
it's the tariff!"
The free sugar shouters were
aghast. The king of sugar demanding
that his patent of kingship be taken
Finally an explanation was arrived
at. It was this:
Havemeyer, wanting the duty kept
on sugar, was advocating its removal
because he was sure the public would
I want the thing he didn't want! He
was playing a deep game; but the
public for once was too wise for him!
It wouldn't fall into his trap! Not
much! no, sir. The mere fact that
Havemeyer said he wanted free sugar
was the best possible proof that he
wanted taxed sugar. So, hurrah for
free sugar! Free sugar and down
with the trust.
And it worked. Havemeyer made
the country think he wanted the duty
and was merely pretending to want
What he wanted was free raw sugar
and a good, comfortable duty on re?
fined. And this is why he wanted it:
The public believed the trust made
sugar costly. The trust insisted that
the tariff did it. The truth was that
both together did it.
If the 2 cent duty on raw sugar
could be taken off, uhe trust could re?
duce the price just, that much, and
yet not lose an iota of its profits; al
ways provided, of course, that a safe
duty could be kept on refined sugar
to keep out the foreign refiner.
If sugar were reduced near 2 cents
in price, the public would hlnk the
trust had had a fine walloping. It
would be tickled half to death over
its victory. It would forget its griev
ance against the trust and during the
cessation of hostility the trust would
have time to get comfortably recog
nlzed under the New Jersey law.
And the trust would not lose a cent
Havemeyer wanted just what he
said he wanted: free raw sugar. Some
people believed him; most of them
didn't; and in the fog and uncertain
ty Havemeyer managed to get raw su
gar, and with it the other thing he
wanted, without anybody in particular
understanding what that other thing
meant to him, he manipulated con
press to let raw sugar in free, and to
keep the duty on refined sugar at
half cent, which WM enough to shut
out any refining competition.
In short, the 1890 tariff gave th
refiners free raw material * nd a pro
1 ibitlve tariff on their product.
The sugar trust was oopularly sup
posed to have met an oveiwhelmin
defeat. It had really won a victory
that probably saved its life.
Appearing to have sustained a gren
defeat, the trust actually strengthene
its postion so greatly that in the first
year under the new arlff its profit
were Increased just about $5,000,000
as a direct result of that tariff chang
For the trust did not give the con
sumer all the benefit of the removal
of the tax. Under the new tariff the
average price of raw sugar fell from
5.54 to 3.8C cents, a difference of 1.6
cents. At the same time the price of
refined sugar fell from 6.2 to 4.7 cents
a difference of 1.5 cents. That is, raw
sugar was cheapened about eighteen
one-hundredths more than refined
What became of that difference,
practically one-fifth of a cent? It cer?
tainly did not go to the consumer. It
went into the trust's strong box, in in?
creased profits. The trust sold, in
1891, about two and a half billions
of pounds of sugar, and one-fifth of a
cent on every pound, in the Increased
profit which the tariff made possible,
figures up Just about $6,00.000.
'Tis the mind that makes the body
LakineM, it is now definitely estab?
lished, is neither a crime nor a pas?
time, but a zymotic dlMAM, caus' ?1
by the baneful variety of the wiggling
hookvrorm. The Charleston News and
Courier, one of tne principal public
gazettes of the South, suggests that
this discovery may be followed ere
long by the unearthing of a germ of
graft. Grafting, indeed, shows many
of the outward Symptoms of a patho?
genic origin. It is both contagious
and infectious, and both endemic and
epidemic, and the only way to com?
bat it is by strict quarantine and isola?
tion?preferably in a concrete cell
with steel bars.
We rather incline to this Charles
tonian hypothesis. Let the patholo
gists make experiments upon some of
the grafters who now infest our pen?
itentiaries. And when that work is
done, let them carry their test tubes,
microscopes, scalpels and augers to
Georgia, to seek there the bacillus of
political treachery, and to Louisville,
to find there the coccus of gloomy
foreboding?the staphylococcus Wat
tersoniensis. Later on, perhaps, they
may discover, too. that living in Pitts
burg is also a disease, and that hither?
to unsuspected animalcules are to be
held accountable for the solidity of
the solid South, the yellowness of Mr.
Hearst, the vulgarity of Chicago and
the chronic indignantion of the suf?
When Zepplin III made the flight
from D?sseldorf to Essen last month
it was observed that horses and cattle
ran wldly about tthe meadows as it
approached, and sheep crowded with
loud bleatings around their shepherd.
From these facts Count Zepplin con?
cludes that the employment of air?
ships of whatever type will have a dis
asterous effect on furred and feather?
ed game. All animals show fear at
their approach; patridges, quail, and
other game birds cower and hide
themselves, and domestic cocks utter
warning crows as if they perceived
some gigantic bird of prey. Van Hon
ken, the Swedish aeronaut, when at a
moderate height, watched elk, foxes,
hares and other animals take to flight,
and dogs rushed howling into the
Man and His Ways.
A minister who had been doing
missionary work in India returned to
London <>n a visit. He was a guest of
a well-known hotel everything pleased
him except the absence of the very
torrid sauces and gjMeat to which he
had become accustomed in the Far
East. Fortunately he had brought
with him a supply of his favorite con?
diments, and by arranging with the
head waiter theee arere placed on ids
table. One day another guest saw the
appetizing bottle on his neighbor's ta?
ble and asked the waiter to give him
some of "that sauce.*'
"I'm sorry .sir," said the waiter,
"but it is the private property of this
The minister, however, overheard
the other's request and told the wa. er
to pass the bottle.
The stranger poured some of the
mixture on his meat and took a liberal
mouthful. After a moment he turn?
ed with tears in his eyes to the min?
"You're a minister of the gospel?"
"And you preach the doctrine of
"Yes," admitted the minister.
"Well, you're the first minister I
ever met who carried samples."?Tit
El ts. *
The Lesson He Learned.
For different people the immortal
stories of the world have different
messages. For instance. Prof. Charles
Zoebliu, of the Chicago university,
sa d at a recent dinner, which a writ?
er in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat
reports, that in his native town of
Pendleton some of the mothers used
to cut the children's hair.
They did it with shears and a bowl.
The operation was often painful and
th? result was never elegant.
In Sunday school, a Pendleton
teacher told her pupils the tragic
story of a Samson and Delilah. Then
she turned to a small boy, hopeful
thit he had extracted some lesson
from it. He had, indeed, taken It
"Joe," she said, "what do you learn
from the Samson story?"
"It don't pay," piped Joe, feelingly,
"to have a woman cut a feller's hair."
C A T? 17 V for the funds
ij Ar 1 I our depositors :
Promptness in all transactions, and unexcelled '
facilities for handling your business in every
department of banking is the basis upon which
this bank, the Oldest and largest in Cat city of
Sumter, invites your account.
First National Bank, sumter,
Describes a Savings Bank as a place where you
can deposit money to-day and draw it out to?
morrow by giving a week's notice.
We don't ordinarily require any notice for
the withdrawal of funds in this department, as
experience shows that money put there usual?
ly stays in till it is really needed, and then
goes tc fill a niche. If you are not a "Savings
Bank Habit" man you had better become one.
We can help you.
2H Bank of Sumter.
Feed Cyphers Foods to your chickens. Makes
them lay ; gives them health.
Phone or write us tor
ANTISEPTIC NEST EGGS,
WATER FOVNTS. REEF SCRAP.
If you are thinking about an INCUHATOR?
Lay aside any ideas you may entertain.
Buy a CYPHERS and be satisfied.
A. A. Strauss & Co.
25 N. Main Street.