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TWm SUMTUK WATCHMAN,
Consolidated Aug- 8.188
Published Wednesday and Saturday
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MllTTEE IS DEFENDED.
CAPT. W. K. GONZALES GIVES CO?
Senator Tlllman's Letter Criticised in
Oawstlc Langaage and All Who
Agreed With Him Respecting the
Taft Lnncheon and the Ten-Dollar
Assessment Get a Lambasting Over
Columbia. Nov. 14.?The attitude
of the central committee in charge of
the arrangements for the entertain?
ment of Presldnt Taft during his visit
to Columbia Is set forth in a state?
ment made by William E. Gonxales. a
member of thst committee. Capt.
Gonsales was associated with Gov.
Ansel and Mayor Reamer, of Colum?
bia. In mapping out these plans and
when the letter from Senator Tillman
refusing to purchase a ticket to the
banquet was received. It was felt that
a discussion would be Inappropriate
until the departure of Mr. Taft, who
was to be a guest of the State of
South Carolina as well as the city of
Twice since the publication of Hits
letter Senator Tillman has made pub?
lic reference to the method of the
central commltiee. Mr. Gonzales has
decided to ma'ce public the reasons
for inviting certain South Carolinians
to become contributors to the Taft
iron. I" will be recalled that
ktor Tillman, in a letter to Secre
iny objected to the charge
for that reason
"Ae a member of the central com?
mittee and as the individual primar?
ily responsible for tho mrthod of
President Taft's entertainment at
luncheon In Columbia, a method
characterised by B. R. Tillman as
"Indvcent," and criticised In chorus
by more or less thoughtless, unin?
formed, or malicious newspapers, I
make the subjoined statement of
facta. The vicious assault upon Co?
lumbia by Tillman, broadcast
throughout the country In press dU
patches Is a reflection uopn all South
'Last winter the president-elect was
Invited to Columbia by the governor,
the president of the South Carolina
Bar Association, and president of the
Columbia Chamber of Commerce, llo
could not then come. Late* the In
\itui:on was renewed by the govtr
n>r the m-iyor. and the president of
the Chamber of Commerce. He ac?
cepted that Invitation. Three months
ago organisation for the care of the
president and his entertainment was
begun by the formation of a central
committee, of which the governor,
representing South Carolina. was
chairman, Mayor Reamer and my?
self being the other members.
"The first suggestion for the presi?
dent's entertainment was by Governor
Ansel, who proposed tendering him
a luncheon. I opposed that plan on
the ground that the coming of the
President to the Capital, on the In?
vitation of the city and State, was
State wide In Its significance, and
his hosts should be the representa?
tive men of the State; that any
formal function at the Mansion must
of necessity be restricted, and
therefore the Idea of a State enter?
tainment could not be carried out.
As a substitute I sugested invttlng a
number of representative men of
South Carolina to participate In giv?
ing this luncheon. The cost was es?
timated at $10 for each host, there
to be no 'guests' except the Presi?
dent, his Immediate party and mem
bers of his cabinet. That plan was
aceepted, the Governor deciding to
give tho President a breakfast. Mr.
Taft at that time expecting to arrive
here In the morning.
"Members of committees Wejfl Igtet
appointed and the committee on In?
vitation forwarded to the thou.and
persons selected to bo given the op?
portunity to participate In entertain?
ing the President, a card of Invita?
tion. In stereotyped form, bearing as
symbolical of tho scope, an engrav?
ing of the flag of South Carolina.
shed April, 1850.
'Bo Jost ai
U . sumti
There was absolutely nothing upon
that suggesting Columbia as the host.
Another card carried the information
to South Carolinians invited that the
first three hundred to avail them?
selves of the invitation, and pay the
amount fixed upon, would participate
in the luncheon.
"Invitations were essential because
limitation and selection were neces?
sary. No one was invited because he
could pay his way. Official South
Carolina, the press, the men of learn?
ing and of worthy achievement were
recognised as fully as possible in the
effort to have assemble here a repre?
sentative and distinguished body of
South Carolinians to meet the coun?
try's chief executive. Private enter?
tainment in Columbia would have
saved the committees infinite troubles
and trials, but would necessarily have
eliminated that State feature of the
entertainment to which the president
so feelingly referred in his address
"Furthr carrying out the State?
wide conception, a reception commit?
tee was appointed, on which every
county in South Carolina had repre?
sentation; there were two aldermen
from Columbia and probably a dozen
members of the general assembly on
"The design and inscription for the
menu card, chosen by the luncheon
committee a full month before the
event, emphasized the scope of the
function. In addition to the engrav?
ings of the Capitol, the Coat of Arms
of South Carolina, and a palmetto
tree, the declaration that the lun?
cheon was 'Oiven to President Taft
by South Carolinians, was conclusive
of its purpose.
"At the beginning of the prepara?
tion it was decreed that there should
be no 'guests' at the luncheon except
the president, his party, and mem?
bers of the cabinet. And there was
none. Every South Carolinian pres?
ent was there as a host. The report?
ers for The Columbia Record, The
News and Courier, and The State, .ae
members of all committees?the men
who bore the responsibilities and did
the arduous work of preparation?
were hosts, each contributing his
share toward making fitting South
Carolina's hospitality to the nation's
"There are two practicable rneth
o^jof a. fraying the expenses of
public banquets. One is by using the
taxpayers' money to pay for an en?
tertainment from which more than
99 per centum of the taxpayers must
of necessity be excluded, and the oth?
er is that those acting :is hosts do tin
part of hosts and defray the costs. By
the first plan the many pay for the
benefit of the few; by the latter there
is equality and justice. And the lat?
ter plan is practically universal.
"After Tillman's ill-bred outbreak
In the face Of Columbia's and South
Carolina's approaching guest, I took
the pains to Inquire of four towns
that either had entertained the pres?
ident or contemplated so doing, as to
the plan followed. Here are extracts
from the replies:
"Washington: 'The dinner given to
President Taft was arranged by a
Joint committee of the Chamber of
Commerce and the Board of Trade.
The committee issued invitations to a
few distinguished guests who, of
course, paid nothing. All others who
attended paid $20 a plate. The list
was limited. The list, however, was
not confined to Washlngtonlans.
"New Orleans: 'At the banquet ten?
dered President Taft here last Feb-1
riiary, Just before his inauguration,
all those who attended were invited
to pay $25, with the exception of Mr.
Taft's party, the press (of New Or?
leans) and possibly one or two guests
of honor.' Those invitations to par?
ticipate were not confined to citizens
"Atlanta: 'I have Just wired you
that we did exactly the same thing
here in Atlanta, and It is the usual
custom not only here in the South
but in every other city In the country
.... It seems to me it is a very sen?
sible custom.... Somebody has to
pay, why not, therefore, those who
are there |q the capacity of hosts?..
So far as i have heard this Ii the
only instance of complaint of this
kind on record.'
"Savannah: 'The Taft banquet will
be attended by 350 persons. About
thirty will be guests of the city; the
320 who are not special guests will
pay $20 per plate for the occasion.
In : 8 years I do not recall a function
of the sort in this city that was not
similarly financed.' Invitations to
participate in that banquet and its
expetiee?a banquet glevn in the
name of Savannah- were sent to At
lanta and elsewhere in Georgia,
""he direct charge that Columbia
Sfaj attempting to make the State at
large pay for her frolic, and the Infa?
mous insinuation that the plan of a
Dommlttee of which the governor, the
od Fear not??L*t m?\ the ende Thon Ali
SR. S. 0., WEDNESI
mayor and myself were the members
had engaged in a money-making
scheme, warrants reference to what
was spent in Columbia aside from
the luncheon?whose cost, by the
way, was not covered by the estimat?
ed $10 a plate. Aside from the en?
tertainment in the State House, the
outlay was, as accurately as I can now
secure the figures, $5,800.
'I have no means of defining the
motive prompting B. R. Tlllman to
make the gross and insolent reply he
did to the invitation to be a host in?
stead of a guest at the luncheon to
the president, and it is immaterial
whether he imagined it an opportu?
nity to hurt Columbia, or to embar?
rass his political opponents on the
committee, or to hood-wink gullible
backwoodsmen. But his ill-bred ti?
rade, his maliciously false statement
of Columbia's position, his charge that
our plan was a violation of hospital?
ity, and 'indecent,' would have been
ignored by me, had not newspapers
in South Carolina, some of them
perhaps mis interpreting the commit?
tee's silence while the guest was ap?
proaching, indulged in wholly injusti
fled, and, as a distinguished Georgian
writes me, unprecedented criticism
of this city.
"That Tlllman, v.ho has never balk?
ed at the price of a dinner when paid
for with the money of taxpayers,
should essay the role of a Ward Mc?
Allister is grotesque. The man who
as a guest of honor in Charleston
'took the hide off his hosts and then
'rubbed in salt' and gave Charleston
ians a stomach-turning from which
they needed years to recover, the
man whose coarse speech when mak?
ing addresses by invitation has
brought the blood to the faces of far?
mers' wives and daughters in South
Carolina, the man whose profanity
before women has shocked in South
Carolina and in Washington?this
man's criticism, I say, of hospitality
and etiquette is grotesque. The ani?
mus is revealed when Tillmnn, notor?
ious for lack of courtesy, lack of re?
finement, and for general uncouth
ness, and boastful of his disregard of
the conventions, attempts to be men?
tor of Columbia's manners.
"And when it comes to maintaining
the good name of South Carolina, for
which he now eesays to be jealous,
Tlllman's display of an appetite for
getting something for nothing or
much for little, which had its incip?
ient manifestation when he was gov?
ernor in the cultivation of a private
oat crop at public expense, and its
latest development In the Oregon
land affair, might be detailed as
Startling inconsistency between the
word and the deed."
HINTS OF A DEEP PLOT.
Some Tuft Officials Scent a Roosevelt
Washington, Nov. 13.?Hints cur?
rent in the capital of the existence of
a pro-Roosevelt and anti-Taft cabal
have kept the tongues of political
gossips wagging today.
Some take the suggestions serious?
ly; others believe them a figment of
imagination and jocularly couple the
discusssion of the allaged anti-Taft
cabal wtih that other "cabal" story
which was sprung by the Roosevelt
administration two years ago when
the White House, during the latter
days of the Roosevelt administration,
startled the country one morning with
its $5,000,000 conspiracy dinner story.
Whatever ground exists for believ?
ing there is now a "cabal" having as
its motive the restoration of Mr.
Roosevelt to power after 1912 the fact
remains that Secretary Loeb "beat
them to it" in the springing of cabal
stories, and was more circumstantial
about it, even mentioning names and
The fresh attacks on Secretary Bal
llnger and others seem to have re?
vived this talk of a Roosevelt restor?
ation clique. The Glavis charges
seem to be causing the Administration
Secretary Ballinger will avail him
sdf of the first opportunity to take up
with President Taft the latest publi?
cation of the Glavis charges affecting
the attitude of his department toward
the Alaska coal lands. Both may is?
sue statements and denials.
On the result of the consultation
with the president will depend what
the next step in the matter will be.
Tomorrow Secretary Ballinger ex
pects to hand to President Taft a
c>py of his first annual report. *A
great deal of interest attaches to this
document, for the reason that it will
contain Mr. Bellinger's views on the
general treatment of the public land
Calvin Bowden, the 15-year old son
of Mr. Joe Bowden, of Anderson
COUnty, was killed Saturday while
working on his father's gin house.
na't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an
)AY. NOVEMBER 17
A SPRING FESTIVAL
SHALL MEETING OF FIREMEN
ASSOCIATION BE A BIG
The Suggestion is Made That the
Annual Meeting of South Carolina
Firemen Shall Be the Occasion of a
Big Gatherinr of Firemen, Militia
And Pleasure Seekers?What Do
The People of Sumter Think of It?
Editor Daily Item:
The liberality and well known en?
terprise of the publishers of the Daily
Item in giivng space for discussions
of public affairs, and the patience
of your many subscribers, the latter
of whom are protected by constitu?
tional prerogatives which give them
the right to refuse to read any news?
paper article which they may con?
sider not worthy of perusal or pub?
lication, and the further delicious
right, and pleasure, reserved by many
people, of disagreeing, without in the
least offending, with any opinions ad?
vanced, tempts, or rather prompts
the writer to risk making a fool of
I himself in the following suggestions
I and comments which are offered for
I dlscusssion at the big Chamber of
I Commerce rally, love feast, and reor
I ganization, to be held next Thursday
I evening, November 18th.
Some time during the month of
I May, 1910, the South Carolina Fire
I men's Association is to hold its meet
I ing in Sumter. There is to be held in
I connection with that meeting an In
I ter-State firemen's tournament which
I will bring thousands of visitors to
j this city from all over South Carolina
I and most particularly from the great
I Pee Dee section from which our mer
] chants, wholesale and retail, and our
I factories draw hundreds of thousands
I of dollars annually in trade.
I There are in Sumter two organiza
I tions composed of as fine, enterpris
I ing, brave, and creditable young
I South Carolinians as this State pro
I duces, the officers and members of
I the Sumter Light Infantry, and the
I Sumter volunteer fire department.
I The Sumter firemen have saved
I hundreds of thousands of dollars of
I property, risking their lives and their
I health, and some of them have sacrl
1 ficed their lives, health and limbs, in
la patriotic duty wh'ch has reflected
I glory and credit upon the firemen,
I and no less credit uopn the city of
The gallant old Sumter Light In
I fantry has "come down through the
I years from 1ST2, to the present time,
J reflecting credit upon the Gamecock
I city and county, and upon that com
j mand. This military company has
I preserved order, and proved itself
I efficient and to be composed of brave
I men upon numerous occasions, and
I during the dark days of 1876-78, this
I command played an important part
I in redeeming this State from corrupt
j negro and carpet bag rule.
J In times of war, as well as in times
I of peace this company has ever been
I to the front when called upon or vol
I unteers were needed. The "S. L. I."
I as It is more familiarly known to
I many former as well as present mem
I bers, is very dear to the hearts of
I many Sumter men, some of the "old
J guard" now having sons in the "S.
Then sir, there are living in Sum
I ter also many gray haired, and pity
I it is, some bald heads, who were
j members of the gallant old "Inde
I pendent," and the old "Eagle" fire
I companies during the days when we
j had to haul our "hand engines"
j through miles of sand, six inches,
j deep, and when "elbow grease" was
I the motive power that furnished the
j "pressure" and water from the old
J time fire well, to put out the fires.
The memory of our bright red
I shirts, red coats, and white pants the
j latter starched as stiff as a "Cod fish
j aristocrat's 'biled' shirt" is indelllbly
j engraved upon the golden page of the
memory of many an old fireman who
ran with the "Independent," and the
Now, Mr. Editor, the "S. L. I." has
but recently covered itself with glory
by winning the first company drill
prize, and one of the company win?
ning the Individual drill prize.
"The youngsters" as we old sol?
diers and firemen call the present day
firemen and soldiers, "the youngsters
of the "S. L. 1." are very much en?
thused over their recent victory, and
1 understand that they are very anxi?
ous to have a big military day, pa?
rade, prize drill, regimental review,
etc., right in their own home, Sum?
The local firemen are looking for?
ward with pleasant anticipation to
tin- big tournament next May. And
sumter should stv that the brave Are
laddies, and the "youngsters'' of the
old "S. L 1." get what they want.
It goes without saying that Sumter
1 Truth'*." ? THE TRU
, 1909. New Ser
will put >> e $1,600 that the local
f.reme* -j?* require, for prise*, enter
tain' ,f visiting teams, advertis
inr incidental to the tournament
anu .e State Firemen's Association
But sir, the thought has occurred
to me that while we are raising the
$1,500 for the firemen we might Just
as well go ahead and "raise the limit"
to $3,000 and give the "S. L. I." boys
enough money to pull off a big mili?
tary day, prize drill, and parade, and
allow the firemen and the soldiers to
have a kind of "S. L. I." and Sum
ter volunteer fire department "jubi?
lee," embracing memories of the past
and a reunion of the "old soldiers and
firemen from 1865 to 1910."
And also invite the "gallant old
Confeds" who wore the gray, and any
of the Grand Army of the Republic
survivors who are "in our midst" in
the Gamecock county, to be our
guests, have a place in the parade,
and feast with good things to eat and
drink, served by Gamecock county
fair women, the "old soldiers of the
bue and gray." Let our ladies
look after tfie "blue and the gray"
veterans, and have President Tafc to
review the military parade, and speak
to the old and young solidere.
From past experience with festival
affairs, in tV.e collection and disburse?
ment of funds even when Sumter
had much less population, much less
business establishments, and conse?
quently les3 money, I am quite cer?
tain that the $3,000 to be put up for
the military feature and firemen's
tournament, taken in connection with
about $1,500 which will be added
from collections for concessions, priv?
ileges, and at the least $500 for votes
for queen of the efstival, (the last
contest for queen, in the 1904 Game?
cock City Fall Festival gross recelots
exceeded $1,000), will make $5,000
with which Sumter can have a mag?
nificent spring festival with floral
show, floral parade, horse show, horse
races, military and firemen's ball,
good roads meeting and road build?
ing demonstration, and such other at?
tractions as may be wanted.
The Sumter merchants could have
"merchant day" on which could be
displayed in attractive style all of the
latest spring styles in ladies dress
goods, shoes, millinery, and other
"flllagare'es" so dear to the feminine
heart and aye, fond thousands of,.the
"fair flowers of the Pee Dee" and
Eastern Carolina would come over to
the "Feminine Attire Exposition
Limited." And thousands of men
would come, or be brought, whether
they v/ere^jnterested or not in the ex?
position , by their wives. sisters,
daughters, some other fellow sisters,
and sweethearts. Then the merchants
who sell the latest styles of gents
furnishings, and have the biggest,
choicest, and most select stocks, of
clothing, hats, caps, shoes and the
biggest stores, at the least cost to the
wearer, and the hardware, grocery,
furniture, baby carriage, carminative
and soothing syrup dealers, drug,
stationery, jewelery, fruit, bakeries,
bicycle and automobile, sewing ma?
chine, piano and organ, carpet and
matting, lace curtain, merry widow
and peach basket hat, drop stitch em?
broidered hose, tailor made suit, and
all of the other merchants and deal?
ers, too numerous to mention, could
have in their elaborately and artisti?
cally decorated show windows, show
cases, and in their stores, displays of
different kinds of wares which would
make merchants' day alone weil
worth the $3,000 the business men,
and others, would put up for the
The telephone, door sash and blind,
building supply, coffin, cotton yarn,
cotton seed oil, bottling plants auto?
mobile specialty, lumber and hard
wood, brick works, wagon, buggy,
agricultural mach'nery harness, bay,
grain wholesale ers, and packing
house agencies, wholesale drug house
and other manufacturers ami tiealers,
could rent one large store or hall and
have a very creditable trades' expo?
sition, showing what is manufactured
and sold in Burnt r wholesale.
A monster parade by the more
than 900 school children in our pub?
lic schools, and St. Joseph's Academy,
headed by the Sumter band, each
scholar carrying a United States flag,
and a bunch of flowers would look
good, and be a good advertisement
also for Sumter.
And Mr. Editor, I am certain that
we could secure the presence of Pres?
ident Taft in Sumter for one day. ac?
companied by Secretary of Agricul?
ture James Wilson, and representa?
tives of the good roads, soil and
drainage bureaus of the department
Of agriculture, congressmen, governor
and other distinguished men during
our spring festival. The farmers of
the Pee Dee arc prosperous now as
never before in years. Sumter's mer?
chants and manufacturers enjoy large
patronage from seven or eight ad
E SOUTHRON, Established Jane, lMf
ies?Vol. XXX. So. 24.
Joining counties. People are going to
have pleasure*. If Sumter does not
provide pleasure for the many thou?
sands, white and colored, who come
here to trade, why these thousands
will go to Florence, Orangeburg, Co?
lumbia, Camden, Charleston and other
cities and towns which provide public
festivities. And the thousands from
the Pee Dee who go to other cities
for relaxation, and fun, spend many
thousands of dollars that would be
spent In Sumter If we had an annual
festival of some kind. President Taft
is desirous of seeing as much of the
Southern people as he possibly can.
He wants, I am reliably informed,
to visit South Carolina again. It will
help Mr. Taft, and will help Samter,
and South Carolina, to have him
come to Sumter. His presence will
bring many thousand people here. If
we get busy now, and decide to have
the president, the spring festival, and
trades exposition, and merchants day
in connection with the firemen's
tournament and military day, and
will request Congressman Lever, and
Senators Tillman and Smith, right
now to invite the president to come
here next May he will come beyond
Sumter's merchants and other bus?
iness men are wide awake. A re?
cent somewhat incomplete canvas
I among the business men in August
proved that they were ready for a
Sumter "blow out" of some kind.
Ninety-eight per cent, of Sumter
merchants and manufacturers believe
In wholesome fun once or twice a
year. And they are willing to put up
their share of the money In conjunc?
tion with the lawyers, doctors, bank?
ers, mechanics, laborers, clerks, book?
keepers, manufacturers, cotton buy?
ers, meat dealers, contractors,' city
and county officials, and others, be?
cause I will say for the information
I of all, that the merchants do not fur?
nish all of the money for fun, char?
ity or advertising Sumter, not so as
I that you would notice it, but Sumter
has about as liberal a lot of mer
1 chants, who treat their employees as
well as any business men In the
But our professional men, manu?
facturers, clerks, railroad men, and
others, including the Sumter ladies,
are live wires also when it comes to
1 "coming down" with the coir of the
I reim to help ?urater entertain er.?**.- .
vertise. You will find doubtless, sev?
eral business men at the Chamber of
Commerce smoker who will oppose a
spring or fall festival, circus, or La?
bor day celebration. But they don't
have to "come in." Not so, however,
with the ninety-eight per cent afore?
said of merchants. It should be borne
in mind that those who wish to con?
tribute their hard earned money, or
inherited money either, for that mat?
ter, towards holding a festival, at?
tending a circus in Sumter, or worse
still going off to some other town to
have fun which is not provided in
Sumter, have a right to do so, and
will do so regardless of what anybody
As an advertisement, a trade draw?
er, and a new customer feature, it
seems to me that the rrogramme
above mentioned would pay the mer?
chants, and every other business man
in Sumter and also provide instruc?
tive and wholesome amusement for
thousands. The ladies of the Civic
League, Daughters of the American
Revolution, United Daughters of the
Confederacy, and the numerous so?
cieties of the different churches in
Sumter could funish thousands of vis?
itors with meals, and make a great
deal of money for charitable, church
and civic improvement purposes, as
was done in Florence.
I trust that the Chamber of Com?
merce will take this matter up, and
that the editor of The Daily Item,
who is a veteran in festival work and
a good editor and hustler when his
spirit moves him, will endorse edi?
torially what has been written here?
"Old Fireman and Soldier" who
has "smelt" smoke, but never
"smeit" powder, except on the 4th of
TRAGEDY OF THE SKA.
Singapore, Nov. 14.?The mail
steamer La S> > ne ol the Messagerle*
If art time's service, running between
Java and Singapore, on h^r way to
this port, was in c? llision early this
morning with the steamer Onda of
the Blistlah-Indla line and sank with?
in two minutes. Scvtn European pas?
sengers, including Baron and Baron?
ess Teniezky. the captain of La Seyne,
four European officers, and 88 others,
comprising native passengers and
members of the crew, were drowned.
The rescue of 61 persons, practical?
ly from the jaws of shoals of sharks,
formed a thrilling incident of the