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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 17, 1909, Image 4',
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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In 1850 and the True Southron in
llff. The Watchman and Southron
now has the combtned circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium in Sumter.
Capt. W. E. Gonsales, of the com?
mittee that had charge of the much
discussed Taft luncheon In Columbia,
replies at some length and with much
feeling and rancor to Senator Tillman
and others who criticised the said
committee for levying an assessment
of $10 upon each of those invited by
the committee to attend the lun?
cheon. Having been one of those who
ventured to criticise the Columbia
committee, we give space to the
statement offered by the committee
In extenuation of its offense, In order
that our readers may see the other
side. Capt. Gonzales pours hot shot
Into* Senator Tillman and evidently
enjoys the doing, but no criticism of
Senator Tillman. however true it be,
can alter facts, and nothing that Capt.
Gonsales has said In his lengthy ar?
ticle satisfactorily explains how It
came about that a committee of
three, all residents of Columbia, had
authority to select the citizens of the
State who should serve as the so-call?
ed 'hosts" of the President while he
tarried In Columbia. What the ma?
jority of people outside of Columbia
objected to and criticised was not the
request for $10, but the way In which
the Columbia self-elected committee
arrogated to Itself supreme authority,
but still complacently asserted that
the luncheon was a State-wide, not a
? ? I
The coming of statutory prohibi?
tion has already had a very marked
effect upon the business of the local
express office. The receipts of liquor
have been increasing for some days,
Just as the supply of liquors in the
dispensary became exhausted. Since
the dispensary has had nothing for
sale e c ?>t wine the amount of whis?
key coming In by express has been
multiplied tremendously. The dis?
pensary closed last night for good
and all and the era of prohibition is
at hand. But there will be plenty
of liquor for those who want It while
the Southern Express is In business.
Those who Imagine that a prohibition
law will put an end to liquor drink?
ing should keep an eye on the express
office and freight depots.
? I I
A large amount of space was given
vssterday to s communication in ad?
vocacy of a Spring Festival at the
time the State Firemen's Association
meetn In this city. The author gives
many and good reasons In favor of a
eslebratlon. or festival, of some sort,
bat there Is a great deal to be said
an the sthsr side, but as there is no |
danger of the business men of Sumter ,
being stampeded with enthusiasm ,
over the suggested Spring Festival ,
and the expenditure of $3.000. the ,
writer does not feel impelled to use ]
a club or to throw cold water on the
projsct In Its very Inclplency. The
spring appears to be an unfavorable ,
season for an undertaking of the
magnitude suggested, but that Is for ,
the business men to consider and de- .
clde. If. after deliberation, the bust- ,
nsss men who compose the Chamber i
of Commerce shall decide In favor of
a Spring Festival this paper will
do Its full share toward making the
celebration a success, but more than
this cannot be promised at this writ?
An attempt was made to assassi?
nate Lord Mlnto, Viceroy of India, at
Almedabad, India, Saturday. Two
bumbs were thrown at his carriage
as hs was driving through the street.
A dragoon who was riding beside the
carriage caught one bomb as It hurt?
led through the air and threw It Into
a bank of sand. The other bomb
struck the shoulder of a native ser?
vant, who was holding an umbrella
over Lord Mlnto, and fell harmlessly
to the ground. No one was lnlured.
Ex-Sheriff Shlpp and five other al?
leged lynchera of Chattanooga, Tenn.,
will appear before the United States
Supreme Court today for sentence for
contempt of court.
The rec?*nt conference on pellagra
In Columbia has had its effect al?
ready. Many Inquiries have poured
In to the local physicians who took
prominent part In the meeting. One
doctor sent In to the hospital a pella?
gra patient whom he had treated for
about two years. This shows that the
disease Is now being recognized.
Another very Important matter In
the pellagra fight Is the damaged corn
proposition. One man writes that he
has lost $2.700 worth of horses In 17
days, snd found that damaged corn
had been fed the stock and after stop,
ping the corn no more hors?es died.?
Mrs. Iris Meacham died In Green?
ville Saturday or lock-Jaw, which de?
veloped from a wound on the wrist
from a rusty nail.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers* Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o? r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | tibltshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl la Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
Some llandom Thought*.
In connection with what I said re?
cently about fencing our farms, I
wish to commend the article by Mr.
French about shelters for the man?
ure which is published below. The
two go hand in hand for the best re?
sults on our farms. More fencing
means more room for stock: more
stock means more manure: more
manure means a more fertile soil.
The combination is unbeatable in fix?
ing the price of cotton. And fellow
farmers don't you forget It! If we
are to make our resolutions of any
effect we must plan to have a full
commissary. I heard one of our lev
el-h<ided citizens. Dr. H. J. McLaur
in. say in connection with the feed?
ing of a big crowd on a certain un
veillrg occasion: "Our friends seem
to forget that the feeding of an army
on the march is one that required the
best thought of Caesar and Hannibal
of Napoleon and Wellington, of Lee
and Grant, of Togo and Kuropatkln;
and the man that finally solves it will
be the military hero of all time."
This is absolutely true of the farmer
who would keep cotton enthroned as
the King of Southern crops. He must
feed the army of mules and laborers j
needed in its production, and have a 1
surplus to fe< d the army engaged In
transportation, manufacture, and all
the vast con plex commercial life
that follows in King Cotton's trium?
phant train. E. W. D.
Teach the Bi>ys and Girls to Work.
We must rot, however, make the
mistake of allowing children to grow
up in Idlenesn without some regular 1
Axed duties o perform. No person
has any right to live and enjoy the
privileges and pleasures of this life >
who does not work. The more clear?
ly and forcibly this is Impressed on
the boy and girl by requiring them 1
to give something in the way of defi?
nite regular service for what they re- 1
:elve, the mere wholesome view of
labor and the responsibilities of life 1
will they acquire.
Usually If the parents are hard >
workers, the children are required to
work, and as a rule we believe too
much labor is required of the boys on
the farm, but there are parents who
make slaves of themselves to main?
tain their children in Idleness. This
Is worse than either over-work or
Idleness for all. The boys and girls
kept in idleness while their fathers and
mothers slave for their comfort and
maintenance are almost certain to
develop a supreme selfishness, as well
as habits of idleness, which will re?
main throughout life.
$500 MORE A YEAR FARMING:
HOW IX) GET IT.
By Making the Most Out of the Boys
(By D.\ Tait Butler.)
This article Is to the fathers and
mothers In behalf of the boys and
girls. The ger.eral title of this series
of articles ha* no reference to the
special subject we discuss. In fact,
It is entirely n appropriate, for we
intend to dlncuss, "Making the Most
Out of the Boys and Girls," without
regard or consideration of money
matters. What we have to suggest to
the fathers an 1 mothers of our farm
bovs and girls 4 oes not require money
for its accomplishment. Money may
be the making or the unmaking of the
farm boy at girt More frequently
we believe it is the unmaking of a
promising boy, but however this may
be, its absence* or possession certainly
aoed not defeat or prevent the devel?
opment of true manhood or woman -
hooel. Any properly constituted boy or
girl, having the right sort of father
and mother, will not be defeated in
life's purposes by merely an Inheri?
tance of poverty.
wiuit Mo?y Oonuot i*>.
We* do not under estimate the aid
which money sometimes glv?s in the
devclopine-nt of character, but it is
never an essential feature in such ele
velopinent. We go further and state,
with all confidence, that poverty nor
any other obstacle need prevent the
boy or girl possessing a sound body
and mind from attaining a life of the
highest type of usefulness.
Since money is not essential to the
development of the highest type of
manhood and womanhood it plainly
follows that life's accomplishments
must not be measured by a money
standard*. For these reasons the title
of this series of articles Is In appro?
priate to this discussion. The making
of the most out of the boys and girls
rises far above and can not be meas?
ured by money values. It so far
transcends all other duties and re?
sponsibilities, and is so plainly the
first great duty of every father and
mother, from the humblest to the
greatest, that we offer no apology for
Injecting It into this series of articles
devoted to better farming. Tf we
can give ever so little aid in i mak?
ing of better men and women out of
the boys and girls now on the farms,
we shall have done much for better
Some Advice to the Old Folks.
From time immemorial it has been
the accepted privilege and practice of
fathers, mothers and teachers to give
advice to the young. If, therefore,
they are for just once forced to take
a little of their own medicine there'
can be no great injustice in it.
The inheritance of different ten?
dencies and the influences of varied
environment make It impossible to
lay down definite or fixed rules by
which the most may be made or* of
any particular boy or girl; and yet
there are a few basic facts and prin?
ciples which we may discuss, the ob?
servance of which can not fail to be
productive of good results in direct?
ing the development of farm boys and
girls. Our first purpose must be to
prodrce those influences which will
give the boy or girr a true conception
of the duties and1 pleasures of life,
and In the second place to Inspire a
wholesome, sane a>mbition to obtain
the fullest measure of the beet that
life has to offer. If the boys and
ffirls can be given the right Ideals and
then Inspired with a burning desire
to attain these ideals, the problem
How are higher and better ideals to
L>e developed? Example is the strong?
est Influence over development during
the earliest years of the child's life.
As age advances Its potency lessens,
therefore Its importance in forming
character can not be over-estimated;
but In the space at our disposal we
can only touch briefly on a few points
which our observation teaches us
have special application to our con?
Train the Children to Iteml.
We believe that the desire Cor
knowledge, for and because of the
power which it gives to life's work,
Is the most Important ambition which
any boy or girl can possess and that
the formation of the reading habit of?
fers the best means of satisfying this
ambition. We have never seen a
farm home where the parents were
readers that the effect was not plain
in th Increased refinement and com?
forts in the home, and the greater
efficiency of the work done Inside the
house and out in the fields.
If, however, father and mother do
not read, and show neither desire nor
respect for the knowledge and power |
which reading brings, the boys and
girls are not likely to form the habit
and thereby they miss the greatest
pleasure of life and a means of ac?
quiring knowledge which gives power
in the work of life.
We believe In reading for pleasure
and culture, but with reading, as with
teaching In our schools, we believe
that as great pleasure and culture
may come through reading that which
will furnish us facts and knowledge
to better meet the responsibilities and
do the work of the life we lead as
from any other. We can recall no
keener pleasures than those which
we have experienced In reading for the
first time an explanation of the true
rsasotu for doing oertaln'things which
we had been doing over and over
again without understanding. Ever
after there was a new pleasure in do?
ing those things and they were done
better because of the better under?
standing of why we were required to
do them. An understanding of why he
is required to cultivate a clean crop,
and why cultivation conserves mois?
ture, can not fail to Interest the boy,
improve his mind, enlarge his un?
derstanding and encourage him to do
his work better.
The girl who learns by her own
reading why and how milk sours, how
and why bread rises, or why can?
ned fruits ferment can not fail to take
more interest in her work with these
things and do it better.?Progressive
Why the Young Folks Leave the
One of the most notable objections
to farm life is the physical labor in?
volved. Not only is the work hard
but in some respects it is not always
agreeable or conducive to personal
cleanliness, good dressing or the more
refined social intercourses. Of course
these objections exist mostly because
those living on the farms do not give
sufficient attention to their removal,
but there Ig no denying that hard
physical labor Is usually an accom?
paniment of farm life and that it is
one of the real although not always
admitted objections, which many peo?
ple have to living on the farm. A
happy medium or balance between
work and recreation is too often ab?
sent on Southern farms. In fact, we
probably have to a greater extent
than anywhere else the two extremes
of hard work and idleness. It is com?
mon advice that the boys and girls
should not be worked too hard on the
ground that "all work and no play
makes Jack a dull boy." All work
and no play also makes Jack's father
a dull companion for Jack and an
ever-present example to him of the
hardships and undesirable features of
farm life. How can Jack be expected j
to like the farm when work is all he I
sees to it? How can he develop a de?
sire and ambition for knowledge and
greater power when he sees no time
devoted to acquiring knowledge, no
use made of knowledge in the farm
life and no respect shown for the
greater power which it gives?
In these days we are beginning to
hear much of the necessity for our
girls studying home economics and
learning the scientific facts underlying
home making, in order that they may
be able to build and keep better
homes at less cost of money and ef?
fort. Many conditions have conspired
to make housework distasteful to
Southern women and consequntly in
the homes as out on the farms we
have a general tendency to the ex?
tremes of drudgery and idleness. On
many farms the life of the mother
Is one of almost perpetual drudgery,
without knowledge or mechanical or
other devices to lighten her burdens.
She is without the knowledge of the
things which would enable her to do
her life work with the least labor nec?
essary to obtain efficiency. It is any
wonder that our girls prefer to study
music or elocution, or work in the
business office or the store, when they
know the life of drudgery which their
mothers spend and have never been
shown either by example or precept
th possibilities of making home-build?
ing and household work a pleasant
employment for both mind and body?
The mother who makes a slave of
herself in her work is not a fit exam?
ple, a pleasant companion, or an in?
spiration to her children.
On the other hand our failure to
appreciate the value of science to
farming and to home building and
the conditions which this lack of
knowledge brings about, particularly
incessant and disagreeable toil, have
created such a dislike of and reaction
against farm and house work that we
find too often the other extreme of
An idle father or neighbor, one who
has no other purpose In life than to
have a good time without work, is a
dangerous example, little calculated
to inspire a wholesome view of the
purposes of life in a boy or girl. Let
us show by our example that by ac?
quiring knowledge of our work it can
be done with less effort, leaving am?
ple time for mental culture, recrea?
tion and other pleasures.?Progres?
PREPARE TO SAYE THE MAN?
If Lett Out in the Weather, It Is Los?
ing Value All the Time, and You
Are Losing Money?A Cheap ami
Serviceable shed for Cattle Feed?
(Py A. L. French.)
There is such a crying need On al?
most every Southern farm for good
stable manure, thai it would seem as
If our farmers ought to realise the
necessity of making more Of it. lint
the plain fact Is that not 10 per cent
of our farmers are saving in the besl
and most economical manner what
little is being produced at present.
It has been proven by careful ex?
periments, that rich manure forked
out Into an open yard, or pen, and
left there for six months, loses at
least 40 per cent of its value and yet
this is exactly the way the majority
of our people are handling what
manure is being made on their
farms. I wish you, my reader, would
do a little experimenting along this
line yourself and see for yourself, on
your own farm, the vast difference
there is between the results obtained
from the use of carefully housed
manure and manure made from feed?
ing the same class of products and
left exposed to the Weather for sev?
eral months. Don't experiment on
too large a scale, however, for when
you see what a difference there is in
the results obtained you will feel like
employing a strong man. or a well
fed Angus heifer to hick you all
round for quite a while because you
have been so slow in learning your
When I hear men talking about
making "barn yard manure" it
makes me feel like getting up on a
high place and hollowing, 'Don't",
with all my might, for I have seen
enough of it to know that it is the
poorest kind of economy to make
yard maure when the same product
may be made under cheap sheds at
practically no greater expense and
with no harm to the animals so con?
Here is the practical way to handle
the matter in the South as we have
found it: Provide a cheap shed, cov?
ered with any sort of good roof, hav?
ing the south side enclosed only by
gates, or a tight; four-foot fence, the
other three sides closely boarded up.
Have this shed of ample size so the
cattle will have abundance of room
to walk about. Have the cattle de?
horned, of course. Arrange a man?
ger along the back of the shed. This
shed had best be two stories high, of
course, so that the one roof may cov?
er both feed and cattle. Bed the
shed well before bringing in the cat?
tle and furnish bedding as often as
necessary to keep the floor dry and
comfortable. When the cattle are
let out of this shed for water or exer?
cise, let them go direretly into a per?
manent pasture or other sod field that
is to be plowed later in the winter.
Having the shed of good height?not
less than nine feet in the clear, ten
is better?the best ventilation is pro?
vided and the forenoon sun will shine
all the way across. You will find the
cattle lying there in the sun as con?
tented as cattle ever can be; and
there will be practically no waste of
valuable plant food. When the weath?
er is pleasant turn the cattle out on
the pasture. Drive right into the shed
and get the manure on the land where
it is to be used, spreading It as haul?
ed. Bed the sh?d again and repeat
Where money is* not available for
the purchase of good, permanent
roofing, bundles of corn stover may
be used by making the roof of steep
pitch, laying the bundles as singles
are laid. This roof will need to be
renewed each fall', of course, but as
the stover is only valued at around
$5 per ton, and not valued at all by
thousands of Southern farmers, the
cost: is very little except the work of
laying the bundles, and two men can
easily cover a large shed in one half
a day. A light pole laid crossways of
each layer of bundles will serve to
hold them in place during windy
Now is the time, my friends, to
construct these sheds so they will be
ready to protect the cattle when the
first coTd, sleety rains come. Try this
way of saving the manure and see if
the "Sunny Home'* farmer hasn't
helped you some toward better crops
the coming year.
Patrons of the Atlantic Coast Line
are kicking against the way the
trains are handled in the afternoon
when several trains arrive at prac?
tically the same time. The trains are
all lined up on parallel tracks and
incoming and outgoing pasengers
complain that it is a great inconven?
ience to be forced to walk around the
trains to reach the depot or trains on
the outside tracks. Some of the kick?
ers think the trains should be cut in
two. Another cause of complaint is
the difficulty in ascertaining when a
train is late without going to the sta?
tion. The fact that a train is late Is
posted on the bulletin board, but, as
a rule, it is almost impossible to find
out by telephoning that the train will
not arrive on tim<-. The kicks are
passed up to the railroad officials.
Rev. Dr. White, of the Theological
Seminary, tilled the pulpit of the
Presbyterian church morning and
evening Sunday. The pastor. Rev.
J. P. Marion preached at Mr. Zlon
The Sumter Savings Bank now
stands eighteenth on the honor roll of
South Carolina banks. Last year this
bank was twenty-first. Only banks
having a surplus equal to or great, r
than C>0 per cent, of the capital stock
an eligible to the honor roll.
Archer Christian, of Richmond,
Va., left half-back on the University
of Virginia football team was fatally
injured in a game with Georgetown
University in Washington Saturday
afternoon and died Sunday morning.
SUFFERED THREE YEARS
WITH CHRONIC CATARRH. 1
Mr. Disc A, of Louisrilh, Gives Pe-rjt-na
the Credit for Iiis Recovery, and
Recommends it to His Friends.
MR. JOSEPH F. DI8CH, 454 W. Jef?
ferson St., Louisville, Ky., writes:
4iI take great pleasure i n Teeom mending
your valuable Peruna as a catarrh
"I have been suffering for the past
three years with catarrh, and had used
almost everything in the market until
I read of your wonderful Peruna rem?
edy. After using two bottles of Peru?
na I can cheerfully recommend it to
any one having the eamo disease.
"I was almost compelled to give up
my business, until I used your remedy,
and I have never been bothered with
Hon. C. Siemp, Congressman from
Virginia, writes: 441 can cheerfully
say that I have used your valuable rem?
edy, Peruna, with beneficial results,
and can unhesitatingly recommend
your remedy to my friends as an invig?
orating tonic and an effective and per?
manent cure for catarrh."
People who object to liquid medicines
can now secure Peruna Tablets. Sold
by druggists, and manufactured by The
Peruna Drug Mfg. Co., Columbus. Ohio*
Man-a-I in an Ideal Laxative.
I ARGENTINE OFFICIALS SLAIN.
\ Man Supposed to l>e Russian An
| archist Assassinates Police Chief *
? And Secretary.
Euenos Ayres, Nov. 14.?The chief
of police of Buenos Ayres, Senor Fal?
con, and the police secretary were as?
sassinated today w hile driving in Cal
A man supposed to be a Russian
Anarchist, but not yet identified, sud?
denly sprang from a secluded spot,
where he had been in waiting, and
threw a bomb directly under the car?
riage. The vehicle was blown to
pieces, and both Senor Falcon and
the secretary were terribly injured.
They were carried to the sidewalk and
later were transferred to a hospital,
hut both died shortly afterward.
Immediately on throwing the
bomb, the assassin drew a revolver
and shot himself. His wound, how?
ever, is not expected to prove fatal.
UNCLE SAM CONDEMNS BEETLE.
I*ine Sawyer Sentenced to Extinction
By Department of Agriculture.
Washington, Nov. 14.?The depart?
ment of agriculture has begun a
campaign of extermination against a
beetle recently discovered that is
causing much damage to pine logs in
the South Atlantic States. This beetle
is known as the Southern pine saw?
yer, and investigations made show
that in Mississippi alone from 75 to
90 per cent of the trees blown down
by a recent storm were infected.
It is estimated that three storms
that passed over the Southern States
in 1907 and 1908 blew down more
than two billion feet of lumber, and
that practically all of it was damaged
by the sawyer, the damage amount?
ing to two and a quarter million dol?
It may doubted if politics can be
entirely barred from banking institu?
tions, but. at any rate, it should not
Im allowed to dominate them.?Prov?
idence Evening Tribune.
FOR SALE?600 acres, near State
burg. 10 miles west from Sumter,
about 400 acres cleared; 12 settle?
ments; good water, healthy; well
rented; price $25 an acre. Address
A. M. L, Box 326. Charleston. S.
FOR SALE?The IfcLeod place. 256
1-2 acres, fine Wateree River
swamp, cotton and grain land, near
U. R. depot. J. U. Sumter, Sum?
ter, S. C. 10-U-tl
FOR SALE -Three nice gilts left, one
pure bred Berahlre and two with
trace of Poland China. Two or
three cows will be fr?sh in milk la?
ter. Several undressed sleep skins
at a dollar each; about that value
I in wool on them. After washing,
fine for botom of buggy or bedside.
Goal skins 50c. E. W. Dabbs, Mayes
ville, S. C. Nov. 4th.