Newspaper Page Text
i f o?laitbmaii an? Southron
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1909.
Tho Sumter Watchman was found
ad in 1850 and the True Southron In
1164. The Watchman and Southron
mow haa the oomblned circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
end Is manifestly the best advertising
?sodium in Sumter.
OCH PIANO CONTKST.
For th purpose of advertising and
stimulating interest in our two news?
papers?the Semi-Weekly Watchman
and Southron and The Sumter Dally
Item?we have decided to conduct a
voting contest and give away as
prlass a $400 Piano and two Gold
Watches. The Piano la a standard
make?the Cote, and la guaranteed
for ten years, This piano la now on
display at the Savoy Ice Cream Par?
lor, where It may be seen and tested.
Several competent Judges who have
tasted it say it Is a very fine Instru?
ment with a beautiful tone. The two
gold watchea will be selected from
the stock of local Jewelers and the
winners may select any gold watch
sold for 160 by the Jewelers from
whom wa decide to make the pur?
Full partu-ular.? of the contest and
the conditions governing It are to be
found la the large advertisement on
Thai $500 voting contest Is the
greatest subscription contest ever
undertaken In Sumter county and we
fool confident that our readera and
the public generally will evince a
lively Interest In the outcome. It la
a oonteet In which the readera of the
Watchman and Southron should be
particularly Interested for the rea?
son that subscribers of that paper,
who pay by the year, will obtain a
largo voting privilege with each pay?
ment on subscription account, while
subscribers of the Daily Item, ninety
per cent, of whom pay by the week,
?will not receive voting ballots for
weekly payments. Read the cond!"
tions and see how it Is not only pos?
sible but probable that a subscriber
to the Watchman and Southron will
win the grand prise?the $400 Piano.
But to make sure that there will be a
prise for both town and country can?
didates in this contest we are offer?
ing the two Gold Watches as second
prises?-one to go to a realdent of
this city and the other to a non-real"
These valuable prises are to be
jrfven away on February llth, and
atba wlnnora will be the ones who en?
ter th* contest *?arly and go In uith.
M determination to win.
Charleston Is to have an eight
story "sky scraper"' on Hroad street.
Charleston Is always conservative,
and the moderate altitude of Its sky
soraper Is proof that it Is not being
led astray by the modern craze for
tho factory chimney style of architec?
If the Spartanburg .Pburnal and
some few other Inconsiderate persons
would quit talking about the Semt
nolo and Carolina Agency graft the
public would forget It and those who
profited thereby would be left to en
Joy In peace the profits of the great
? ? ?
The reorganisation of the Sumter
Chamber of Commerce on a business
basis la advocated by many who
would like to see the organization a
greater .'orce In the commercial life
of the elty. A reorganization In name
only will do no good, and unless a
plan Is devised whereby a sufficient
Income can be guaranteed to employ
an efficient secretary who will give
his entire time .to the work of the
organisation no better reaulta can be
hoped for. President Manning, who
haa given a great deal of his lime to
tho Chamt>er of Commerce, has ac?
complished as much as any other
man could, but a busy business man
eannot be expected to neglect his
?wn affairs in order that he may give
his time to public duties. Stcretery
Reardon has. also, worked faithfully
for the Chamber of Commerce and
has given all the time he could spare
from his other duties to the public
asrvlce. but results have not been all
that were desired. Wt eannot ex?
pect one or two men to do this work
for the entire community unless they
?re properly paid for their work and
we come back to the original piopo
sltlon?If the Chamber of Commerce
la to do the work that Is here to be
done and that Is necessary, an effi?
cient secretary must be employed
and required to devote hlfl time ex?
clusively to the work of the Cham?
ber of Commerce.
i m s
"The State fair was quite a success,
and the president. Col. MoM.y.
should have the thanks of the entire
cltlsens of Ilichland county."?Sum
ter Item. It neems to us that he
might have the thanks of the "en?
tire" cltlsens of South Carolina. We
thought It was a State fair."- The
State. The State should think again
The paragraph credited to the Sumter
Item was not printed In the Item.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Furniere' Union of Sunitcr
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers* Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think, will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o. r readers tolling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ublished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutifkl benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville, S. C.
Sollte Random Thoughts.
The clipping about the presenta?
tion to Editor Poe of the Patterson
cup In recognition of the merit of his
little book, "A Southerner in Eu?
rope," is reproduced that our readers
may know something of the man
who Is making the Progressive
Farmer, the leading Southern farm
paper. It consists of 14 letters that
he wrote his paper while on a trip
? ? ? i
I tried to secure him to address
the Sumter Farmers Union in July,
but his health would not permit.
Have his promise to be with us at
some future time, and If he Is as
good a speaker as writer we have a
treat In store for some suitable date
next year, when we have crops grow?
ing and leisure to properly entertain
? i *
The County Union will meet in
Court House on Friday, Dec. 3rd 3t
10 o'clock a. m. Being the annual
meeting for the election of officers,
the last meeting at Salem decided
that for once It would be best to
meet in Sumter, where there could
be no excuse for failure to attend. I
trust to have one or two live union
workers from other counties to meet
with us on that occasion and address
the public before the business meet?
ing, hence the hour of meeting is fix?
ed at 10 o'clock.
Director* and Stockholders i'i ou:
busings inter prise ?huuld beul m
? mind that this 1? the tlmil HMtsttnH
before beginning business, and uo"
ern thcOBeelves uec.>rdIngly.
E. W, D.
'?A SOUTHERNER IN EUROPE"
AWARDED THE TROPHY CUP.
European Travel Letters of Editor
Poe Win Patterson Cup us the Most
Notable Literary Production of the
Year by Any North Carolina Writ?
Headers of the Progressive Farmer
n all our territory will be interested
'n the recognition given week before
ast to the book of European travel
SttCVS by the Editor-in-Chief. The
? llowing statement is from the Fay
"A Chatham County farmer boy.
ClaroiMt H. Poe, was the man who
>n last Thursday at the annual meet?
ing of the North Carolina Liters "y
and Historical Association in Raleigh
WCS awarded the Patterson Cup for
having written the production of
greatest excellence and highest lit?
erary skill and genius of the year.'
Standing up before an audience com?
posed of North Carolina's historians,
poets, college professors and leading
journalists, he had conferred upon
him the Highest honors of the chief
literary authority In the State. The
and, a's this Is not the first time The
State has credited to the Item edi?
torial paragraphs from other papers,
we take this occasion to refer I.) it.
The Item has sins enough of its
own without being saddled with the
misdemeanors of others.
Preliminary estimates that are be?
ing made for the purpose of ascer?
taining how much money will be re
ouired to pay the necesary expenses
of Sumter county next year indicate
that the tax levy next year for State,
county and school purposes will be
?omewhere between 18 and 20 mills.
City taxes will be considerably hlgh
?r next year that thev have been in
i er ent years.
Through oversight or neglect no
provision has been made in the sup?
ply bill for Sumter county for several
years to levy CJld collect a tax to
provide i sinking fund for the re?
demption of the court house bonds
< $30 000) at maturity. If steps are
not taken to accumulate a sinking
fund for the court hous?> bonds by
annual assessment, the county will
e serious problem when the
rids faM due. This matter has been
Reflected too long already.
silver trophy was presented by Hon.
James Bryce, British Ambassador to
the United States and one of Ens
land's most eminent statesmen. He
spoke of his own knowledge of Mr.
Poe and declared that no onevbrings
to the association 'a finer literary
sense and zeal.' The production that
won for Mr. Poe the trophy was his
book entitle^ 'A Southerner In Eu?
rope,' the second edition of which is
now being rapidly sold. The cup Is
known as the 'William Houston Pat?
terson Memorial Cup,' and was offer?
ed by Mrs. Lindsay Patterson, of
Wlnston-Salem, to be awarded at
each meeting of the Association for
I ten successive years, beginning with
October, 1905. In years past It has
been won by such men as Capt. S. A?
Ashe, historian; Dr. Edwin Mlms,
professor In Trinity College; Dr.
Kemp P. Battle, ex-presldent of the
State TTniverslty, and the late John
Charles McNeill, poet and journalist.
"The judges of award were: Presi?
dent of the Literary and Historical
Association of North Carolina, the
occupants of the Chairs of English
Literature at the University of North
Carolina, at Davidson College, at
Wake Forest College, and at the State
\ College of A. and M. at Raleigh, and
l of the Chairs of History at the Uni
Iverslty of North Carolina and at Trin"
NATION ltOHHKI) HE SAYS.
Former Secretary Shaw Buys Customs
Frauds Cost Million.
Philadelphia Xov 15.?Direct
from one woo his held the position
of Secretary of the Treasury and who,
therefore, Is in a position to know
whereof he speaks?Leslie M. Shaw,
who Wag 19 the first Roosevelt cal>:
nel?came the declaration today thar
the gross fraud against the Govern?
ment In the weighing of dutiable su?
gar Is but one Instance of a general
It was explicitly stated by Mr.
Shaw that on nearly every commodity
in every port, including Philadelphia,
there is undervalution and under
weighing which defraud the Govern?
ment of million of dollars annually.
Mr. Shaw said he had heard the
amount of this loss estimated at as
high as $100,000,000 per annum,
though he believed this to be an ex?
aggeration. However, he said,
though an estimate of the extent of
the fraud Is impossible that It is great
"It is impossible," said Mr. Shaw,
"to estimate the loss of the Govern?
ment that results from underwelgh
Ing arid undervaluation. I have
heard It stated that the government
loses $100.000,000 a year In this way.
But let me say that these practices
are not confined to New York. They
are relatively just as bad In Philadel?
phia and worse In Boston. It Is bad
now, and always will be. It is like
any other tax system; make taxdodg
ing a capital offense and still people
will evade taxes.
"There Is a very marked difference
between evidence that will satisfy the
individual that frauds are being per?
petrated and proofs upon which a
conviction can be secured. I was con?
vinced early in the game that not
only sugar, but nearly everything else
on which a duty by weight was lev
led, was being underwelghed, and that
many things upon which ad valorem
duties were levied were being under?
valued. I put a new man to work,
and, though we didn't discover fraud,
we likely did prevent it. There were,
however, many cases in which we did
proceed though we did not get the
necessary evidence in the sugar cases.
Mr. Shaw was led to speak of Spe?
cial Ag;Mit Parr, who unearthed the
"I remember," he said, "that 1 ap?
pointed Mr. Parr on Mr. Loeb'i rec?
ommendation, The department sent
him to a port where, it had been said,
foods were being smuggled. The
agentl concealed themselves and
watched a bargeload of wool brought
In at midnight, which was never en
ti red at the custom house. Then the
friends of the importers circulated all
sorts of stories calculated to discredit
that told by the agents, and, fTiough
there was a prosecution, there was no
conviction. Yet that was the most
glaring case of smuggling of which
we had knowledge while I was in the
"Parr is now making the mistake
of thinking that because he wasn't
originally assigned to the sugar cases
there was a disposition to favor the
sugar cases, but they were not given
to him. If he had been assigned to
sugar and not to wool, and had sub?
sequently found that wool was being
smuggled, he might think that the
delay was designed to favor the wool
Mr. Shaw spoke of the difficulties
In the way of obtaining convictiors
"It is seldom," he said, "that a gov?
ernment employe is crooked, but they
are in an atmosphere that is un?
friendly to the strict enforcement of
the law."?Baltimore Sun.
OUR PICTURESQUE LANGUAGE.
Enrichment of American Tongue Re?
flect* National Temperament.
The recent bill passed by the legis?
lature of the State of New York to
prevent "joy riding" marked a step
in the enrichment of the American
tongue. Curiously enough, it is not
to the cultivated and scholarly, the
thoughtful and the reflined that vthe
vitality of our speech is due. The
wealth of the language, as our ma?
terial prosperity, comes from below,
declares a writer in Scribner's Maga?
As people acquire education the
tendency of speech is toward formal
| ity, recognized observances, phrases
and expressions that have been
sanctioned and established. It is the
lower, busy, uneducated world that
seeks the short cut and uses the most
convenient word-toll at hand. It is
from this direction comes the quick
introduction 1. o current speech of
figures taken from industrial prog?
ress, the inventions, the arts, the
world of affairs, or whatever catches
the public attention. For example,
the electric cars were scarcely run?
ning when "off his trolley" was so
neatly descriptive of a certain mental
state that it was put Into immediate
commission. "Get on to his curves"
sprang directly from the rooters and
holders down of the bleaching boards
on the baseball field, who thus brief?
ly denominated those incursions into
higher mathematics which baseball
pitchers discoverd, to the confusion
of botsroen pnd professors. To add
another, it was only a few days ago
that our recent attorney general an?
nounced his preference for 'govern?
ment by megaphone.'
By their slang you shall know
them. This enrichment of the Amer?
ican tongue reflects the national tem?
perament. It Is gay, humorous, pos?
sibly reckless, but certainly pictur?
esque, and often approaches the
higher realms of poetry and philoso?
phy. If it Is none of these It docs
not survive the state In which it was
born. "Joy riding',* denoting the
happy insouciance with which the
chauffer in his hours of ease gives
pleasure to hi3 friends by means of
his employer's motor car, and now to
be legally honored, is one of those
expressions. Its buoyancy, as indeed
that of the greater part of our slang,
may be contrasted with the crude
"beastly" and the unmeaning "bally,"
those two overworked adjectives of
our English cousins. Tribute to
whom tribute Is due.
Divorces While You Wait.
Margaret Illlngton, wife up to Fri?
day of Daniel Frohman, is now the
wife of Mr. Bowes of Washingtonton.
And Daniel, the first husband, Is not
dead. Margaret got a divorce from
him on Friday, married Bowes on
Saturday, and Is far away from the
State of Nevada, In which she claim?
ed citizenship long enough to get
bade her maiden name.
Miss Illlngton was an actress of
promise. She became the wife of
Frohman, who "starred"' her in the
"Thief." Tiring of the drudgery of
that nerve-racking play, Miss Illlng?
ton journeyed from New York to Ne?
vada, made application for a divorce,
got It and is now another man's wife,
made so by a civil Judge.
The whole transaction shows how
rotting to moral sentiment Is a stage
career and how Infamous Is a State?
such as Nevada?that lends itself to
a scheme to permit polyandria or po?
lygamy under the form of law.
Margaret Illlngton never set foot In
Nevada until a few months ago. She
hired a furnished house there, de?
clared an Intention of becoming a
citizen. On the day she became a le?
gal citizen she got her divorce, and
Nevada will know her no more for?
ever?unless she tires of husband No.
2 and returns for another severance
of matrimonial bonds.
Several years ago the women of
America organised and directed a
crusade against polygamy among the
Mormons, ami they won that tight.
There is similar work for them to
do in organizing divorce granting and
for uniform mariage laws. ? Mephls
I hereby nominate
My Name is
This nomination haliot, when properly filled out. will count for
1,000 votes. Only one ballot will be credited to a candidate.
Under no cireuinstances will the name of anyone making u
nomination be divulged.
TWENTY-FIVE VOTES KOK
SJ Subje* t to rules of The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contcnst. Void
}p| after December Ifc x
NECESSITY OF VACCINATION
State Health Officer Williams Will
Enforce the State Law ITIsJdlj
State Health Officer, Dr. C. F. Wil?
liams specially urges vaccination in
all parts of the State at this time. It
is pr.'ticularly important, he says,
that everybody should fortify him
eelf against danger, as the winter is
setting in, and smallpox is a winter
There are thirty cases at Ninety
Nine Islands, and one case in New
berry. All of the schools and colleges 1
throjghout the State have been or
dercd to have the scholars and teach
ere vaccinated in accordance with the ,
laws of South Carolina.
City Health Officer E. I. Reardon
received yesterday one thousand
tubes of fresh pure glycerlnized var
cine virus from the National Vacc.n.
and Antitoxin Institute, of Washi
ton, D. C. He is now prepared to f
nish vaccine virus to all city phy i
cians, free, as the State board of
health furnishes the health officer
with this virus for free distribution.
Any country schools desiring vac?
cine virus will be supplied with same
upon application to Dr. C. F. Wil?
liams, State health officer, at Colum?
bia. The application should,* how?
ever, be made through the practicing
physician of the rural neighborhood,
or through the nearest local health j
officer, the understanding being that j
all unused virus is to be returned to j
the State health officer.
Rural school superintendents, trus?
tees, teachers, and parents and guar?
dians of school children are held
equally as responsible for the vacci?
nation of the children under their
care as those in the incorporated
Cities and towns.
While there is no desire to frighten
people, but merely with a view of im?
pressing upon every one the impor?
tance of being successfully vaccinated
and revaccinated every six years, it is
stated that smallpox Is much more
virulent, and deadly now than it was
in 1898 to 1907, seven out of ten
eases resulting in death in a recent
outbreak in this State.
The only way to ascertain whether
previous vaccinations are protecting
you against smallpox is by revacci
nation at least every six years.
The work of vaccination among
the nearly 1,800 scholars of the city
schools, white and colored, will be?
gin next week and will continue un?
til every pupil is known to be suc?
cessfully vaccinated. The import?
ance of rural schools enforcing this
Chesterfield. The price to be paid for
the cotton, so the plaintiffs allege,
was 10 cents for middling, and that
at the expiration of the contract the
price, was 14 1-2 cents per pound and
lhat the difference in the price to?
taled $6,146.86 on the 300 bales call?
ed for in the contract less the amount
delivered for which amount the suit
is brought. The outcome of the case
will be watched with mach interest
by farmers generally. It is known
that some farmers lost by making
contracts before the season opened
as the price of cotton took a pheno?
menal rise from the start and the
high price was not foreseen.
The complaint of Sprunt & Son is
in part as follows:
"That on the 17th day of May,
1909, defendant executed its contract
in writing with the plaintiff, whereby
it sold and undertook and agreed to
deliver to the plaintiffs between the
1'ith day of September, lb-. 9 and the
SlSt of October, 190?, 300 ables of
middling cotton Lo 'weigh five hun
derd pounds each, fj per cent more
or less, for which plaintiffs* were to
pay the defendant the price of ten
cents per pound for "middling and
1-8 difference for grades aoove,
"That the defendant has failed and
refused to comply with its contract
and has delivered thereon only the
amount of five thousand, three hun?
dred and sixty-eight pounds of mid?
dling cotton, leaving a balance of
one hundred and four thousand, six
hundred and thirty-two pounds un?
delivered, and plaintiffs having con?
tracted and sold the said cotton to
their customers were compelled, in
order to replace the cotton so with?
held by the defendant to go upon the
open market after having first de?
manded that defendant deliver the
cotton, and buy said cotton at the
price it was bringing at the close of
?said contract, which price was four
een and one-fourth 14 1-4) cents per
aound at Cheraw, S. C. where the
same was to be delivered; causing the
plaintiffs by their breach of contract
a loss of six thousand, one hundred
and forty-six and 86-100 ($6,146.86)
dollars, which sum has been duly de?
manded of the delendant. and it has
refused to pay the same.
"Wherefore plaintiffs demand
judgment against the defendant for
$6.146.86."?News and Courier, Nov.
The Seaboard Air Line Florida
fast mail was derailed two miles
south of Denmark Wednesday morn?
ing. The negro fireman was killed
law is stressed by the State, and city I nnd Engineer Petit slightly injured.
health officers, as vaccination to be ?
successful, as a means of preventing | -poor old Philadelphia turns back
epidemics of smallpox should be ' to the fleshpots," says the Providence
widespread. j journal. Since when did Philadel
Lumber mills, factories, and mills phf* turn way from them.?Washlng
of all kind should see that their em- ( ton Herald,
ployees, and their families are all -
vaccinated, according to law as the
State health officer is going to en?
force this rule rigidly.
SI IT ON COTTON CONTRACT.
Case Is Of Interest to Farmers (ion
A case growing out of an alleged
contract to deliver cotton, the con?
tract, so the plaintiffs claim, having
been made last May, the allegation
being that it was not completely car?
ried out. has been filed In the United
I Stars Circuit Court by the cotton
firm of Alexander Sprunt & Son
against Hurst-Streator Company, of
FOR SALE?600 acres, near State
burg, 10 miles west from Sumter,
about 400 acres cleared; 12 settle?
ments; good water, healthy; well
rented; price $25 an acre. Address
A. M. L., Pox 326, Charleston. S.
FOR SALE?Three nice gilts left, one
pure bred Pershire and two with
trace of Poland China. Two or
three cows will be fresh in milk la?
ter. Severe] undressed sleep skins
at a dollar eaeh; about that value
in wool on them. After washing,
fine for botom of buggy or bedside.
Coat skins 50c. E. W. Dabbs, Mayes
vllle, S. C, Nov. 4th.