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BELL ABSORBS W. I). I.
BILLION DOLLAR CORPORATION
TO BE FORMED.
Th? Bell Telephone Company Has
obtained Control of the Western
Union Telegraph Company and a
Monopoly of Telephone and Tele
graph Burtlne** la In Sight.
Boston. Mass.. Nov. 16.?A long
stride toward the complete control by
on? corporation of till wire communi?
cation In the United States was taken
today In the acquisition by the Amer?
ican Telephone and Telegraph Com?
pany of the control of the Western
Union Telegraph company.
In order to make the absorption
complete, the Incorporation of a new
11.000.000.000 company. It is expect?
ed, will be secured to Include the
lift.476.400 of bonds and stocks of
the American Telephone company,
known as the Bell Company, and the
outstanding $165.000.000 of bonds
and stocks of the Western Union.
The acquisition of the necessary
slock and voting rights of the West?
ern Union by the Bell company has
been In progress for about six months.
The work has been conducted quietly
end only a sufficient amount to in?
sure control, said to be (4 per cent,
was taken over.
The officers of the Bell company
regard the step es one of economy
solely. They point out that ever
since the telephone has been a fac?
tor In human life. It has had to com?
pete with the telegraph. Lines have
been paralled and there has been
an Immense amount of duplication.
The officers of the telephone campany
believe that the merger will save the
Bell company $76.000,000 in new
construction while it will also enable
th utilisation of the same time of
wires for both telegraphing and tele?
New York, Nov. 16.?Announced in
Boston, confirmed In New York and
commented on with Interest every?
where, another billion dollar merger
beams a reality in the financial world
today with the practical absorption
of the Western Union Telegraph com?
pany by the American Telephone, and
Telegraph company. The Western
Union, one of the developments
of the late Jay Qould, has been in
the Oould family for a generation
and it was by the sale of Oould
stock today that the merger was ac?
While the report has been current
that the^ Mackay companies, Controll?
ing the Postal Telegraph company,
will ultimately be Included in the
plan of reorganisation, no confirma?
tion of this could be obtained in New
York. Officers of the Postal were
emphatic in their statement that the
company would remain on an inde?
WILL NOT PAY INTEREST?
Rumored That Dispensary Claimants
Will Only Get Principal.
Columbia. Nov. 16.?On the eve of
the scheduled final settltment of dis?
pensary claim? it is rumored, with no
official confirmation, that interest will
not be Included in the amounts paid
the whiskey firms. It Is understood
that at least two of those in charge
of the winding up of the affairs of the
dispensary were in favor of paying
the Interest to the claimants. With
the scallngs. as hinted at to 4>e very
great, it Is expected that a number
of the firms will appeal.
Chairman Murray, of the dispen?
sary wlndlng-up commission, stated
this morning that there had been no
change In plans for the meeting of
the commission tomorrow morning as
scheduled, and that he presumed all
members would be here. It was stat?
ed last week that the commission
would complete its work at tomor?
There is about $600.000 on hand,
end In the banks of the State, and
the claims will probably represent
about half, or probably a little over
this amount, after scallngs. It is
stated that there have been general
I\I1M> FANCIER PAYS FINE.
Secretary .laine?. Henry Rice Obtain*
m Signal Victory for the Aiidubon
Charleston. Nov. 16.?Dr. M. T.
deck ley of Augusta, a well known
fender In birds' egg-<, paid a fine
Of $100 tmbiv lc Magistrate W. D.
Hamilton <?f Mount Pleasant and to
Secretary James IP nry ltlee, Jr.. of
the AtggCibCg BOCl '\. Ibf violating th ?
8tut?? law against removing non-game
birds' . k'S from Hlrdhank Islanl.
Bull s It.iv. Li t June
W H \\ int. the whit.- man who
killed the wife of Df. Q, C. Blghnm.
Wss tuken to th. p. nltentlary Satur?
day morning to begin his term of
three and a half years. Dr. Hlgham
Who was convicted and sentenced to
serve the same term as Avant. Is
still at large and his whereabout are
not known, although It Is reported
that he Is in Oreenvllle oounty.
TA FT'S IlECOMMEXDAl IONS.
A I\>reca?t of the Important Features
of Ills Annual Mct*?agc.
Washington, Nov. 16.?That the
coming session of congrtss, and In
fact the remaining days of the ad?
ministration, will be strenuous in fact
as well as by Inheritance Is evident
from the program which the presi?
dent outlined in his many speeches
during his encircling tour. From the
gist of his public utterances, it may
be Inferred that his message to con?
gress will urge legislation in some if
not all the following subjects:
The establishment of a national
bank of Issue controlling the treas?
ury reserve, the object of which will
be to prevent currency stringency.
The creation of a postal savings
bank system restricting its application
to trade monopolies, not to railroad
Temporary suspension of tho agi?
tation of the tariff question.
The adopton of an income tax
amendment to the constitulon, to be
resorted to however, only in time of
war or national stress.
The subsidation of the merchant
marine with the ulterior object of the
education of a large number of
American seamen to be available for
Federal legislation governing the
issuance of injunctions and to pro?
hibit the boycott.
Further conservation of national
resources, including forests, mines
Inttrnal waterways improvements,
Improving the navigation of only such
streams as can be made navigable
and contemplating an internal canal
system roughly parallel with the At?
lantic coast line.
A congressional committee to con?
sider the subject of the dilatory and
slovenly practice in the courts and
to devise a plan for secur ng more
prompt and economical Justice in the
federal courts, with the expectation
that the initiative by congress may
be followed in the State legislatures
to the end that the disgraceful non
administration of justice in this coun"
try may be reformed.
It will be readily seen hat this
legislative and administrative pro?
gram is an ambitious one, but that
it Is urgently necessary, every well
Informed American knows. It is,
however, becoming more end more
difficult to carry out administrative
reforms. The congress of tie United
States has grown to be a heavy and
unwleldly body. Antagonisms and
internecine wars discomfit legislation
on the floors of both the l ouse and
the senate. There is less antagonism
between the Republican and Demo?
cratic parties on the floors of con?
gress than there has been in perhaps
forty years, but there is antagonism
in the Republican majorities of both
houses, while the personal hatreds
of some senators, frequently senators
from the same States, is said to be
The members of the cabinet are
now busy in the preparation of their
several reports to congres and it has
been emphasized that an endeavor
will be made to cut down expenses.
Tu? postmaster general has said that
he Intends to make his department
self-supporting. There Is every rea?
son why it ought to and might be
self-sustaining. The poetofflce de?
partment is the greatest public car?
rier In the world. It is presumably a
monopoly but the express companies
rob it of the cream of tha carrying
profit and they are the chief opposers
of the parcels post system?a system
long established In other civilized and
even seml-civillzed countries. Since
Senator Root now holds the place In
the senate long occupied by Senator
Platt, the president and attorney for
the express companies, it Is to be
hoped that something may be done
for all the people of the United
States, In spite of the entrenchments
of these outrageous trusts.
The postoffice department employs
tens of thousands of common carriers
in city and rural delivery and these
public carriers, wRhout a dollar of
Increase In public eypense should
bring to hundreds of thousands of
homes, packages that are now de
livered by the express companies, or
in many cases not delivered at all
because they cannot be reached by
the express companies.
The Secretary of the Navy has also
visions <>f an economical programme
and proposes to urge the disestablish?
ment of a number of useless navy
yards In New Hampshire and Maim.
at Charleston and on the Gulf Coast.
He will be Opposed Ohlefly by Sena?
tors Hah-. Mcllctiiy, Flint and per
a |pg Tlllman. The navy yards in
their States are worse than Useless,
rhey are a source of great expense
to the QOVCrillllCnt The battleships
>t' the United States Navy cannot en?
ter them; they have depth only for
the sd mission of the obsolete wooden
war craft, but they are useful to OCT
taiu senator- and members of Con?
grtss, Inasmuch us they afford places
and salaries for their political hench?
men. How can these Senators and
Congressmen whoso political exist?
ence depends upon them be persuad?
ed to give them up?
What Her Sister Heard When 8He
Listened to the Doctors.
One of two sisters who lived togeth
er was suddenly taken with n lung at?
tack she feared was serious, says the
\ London Telegraph. She therefore sent
tor a specialist and asked her doctor
to m?et him. Talking over his coming
with her sister, she said: "Mona, I
wish I could know Sir Henry B.'s real
opinion. Neither he nor Dr. M. will
tell us If there is anything really
wrong, but I would much rather
Her sister replied: "Do not worry,
dearest. You shall know everything,
for T will go down to the dining room
and stand behind the big oak screen
and listen to every word they say."
"And will you he sure to tell rae.
"You may rely on me, dearest. I will
tell you every word."
"Even if 1 am not to get well?"
"Even then, dearest." promised the
The hour for the consultation arriv?
ed, and the sister went to the dining
room and, standing behind the great
oak screen, ensconced herself and pre?
pared to listen.
Bj and by the two doctors were
heard descending the stairs, and a mo?
ment later they came Into the room.
Walking over to the fireplace, the spe?
cif'1st sank Into nn easy chair and the
local doctor sank into another. Then
followed a moment's silence, broken by
the specialist, who leaned a little for
"My dear M.," he said slowly as he
looked across at his colleague, "of all
the ugly women that's the very ugliest
woman I've ever seen In my life."
"Is she?" replied the local doctor
"You wait until you've seen her sis
The Experts Who Prospeot and Dig
For Prehistoric Creatures.
Mammoth miners are experts who
know where to prospect for mam?
moths and how to dig them out, even
as the mining engineer knows where
to prospect for silver and how to ex?
In the west, In Alaska and in Sibe?
ria mammoth miners are always at
work. They are always unearthing
creatures that died 100,000 years ago.
Siberia was the mammoth's true
home. Siberia 100,000 years ago was
oue luxuriant forest Here the fur
covered beasts, with their ten foot
trunks and their fifteen foot stature,
swarmed. Then an earthquake re?
moved a barrier range between Si?
beria and the Arctic ocean, and those
low lying forests were inundated. All
their animal and vegetable life was
The first of the drowned Siberian
mammoths was found in 1709 by au
Eskimo villager on the banks of the
Lena. It was imbedded in a vast cake
of ice. The villagers melted the Ice,
they feasted on the 100,000-year-old
flesh, and then tbey sold the tusks.
Only the bones remained when Zlo
tover of the Petersburg Imperial mu
sejm reached that outlandish village
Sftef a Journey of 7,500 miles. He
took the bones back to the museum.
Where you may see them mounted to?
day. He bought the rusks from the
ivory traders and fixed them on the
skeleton, and the book he wrote about
bis find is still a text book among the
mammoth miners of our day.
Workers in porcelain factories art
literally baked, but by some miracle ol
use and wont they remain sufficient!)
underdone to live. At least If they are
not quite baked they endure a stronger
heat than that which browns the Sun
day sirloin. The furnaces wherein
porcelain Is finished are kept at the
fiercest beat used in any Industry. A
chain of workmen, their heads and
bodies swathed in fireproof garments,
take the finished pieces from the fire
one at a time and pass them to the
cooling room. The man at the head
of this chain?he who stands nearest
the furnace?can work in only five
minute shifts. In his interims of rest
he lies on a mattress drinking glass
after glass of ice water from the hands
of a small boy. At lunchtlme all about
the chain of men steaks grill.?Cincin?
In April the Lapp lets his reindeer
loose to wander as they please, and
when the mosquitoes begin to abound,
about midsummer, he collects his herd
simply by catching one deer, fitting it
with a bell and' trusting to instinct,
which leads the animals to gather into
herds for protection against the mos?
quitoes, to do the rest. In a cool sum?
mer, when mosquitoes are few, this
Instinct does not come into play, and
It is almost impossible to bring the
The Creditor's Letter.
Here is nn interesting letter received
by a well known English tailor In rc
ply to a "final" application for settle?
ment of a long outstanding account: "1
have much pleasure In informing you
that I have placed you on the list of
my creditors, your number on the roll
being 108. In view <?t* your name np
peering so far down my list ami in
COtninon fairness to my other creditors
who have la-en on my books now for
some considerable time, I am afraid 1
cannot hold out the slightest hope of
the 'early' settlement which you ask
for. I think It will bo well, therefore,
if yon discontinue forwarding your
frequent 'reminders.' which can do no
possible good and which are a eon
slant source of annoyance to me."?
Donald Cherry, a nine-year-old
white boy, accidentally killed William
Dnntsder, a negro boy in Orangeburg
THE GREEN MORAY.
A Savage and Voracious Eel Found In
The experienced sea fisherman takes
care to kill every large couger eel as
soon as it is brought Into the boat. The
conger has not only extraordinary Jaw
power?It can triturate shellfish, shells
and nil-but is also so abominably nn
tive that the fisherman's opinion 01 it
coincides with that held of the Indian
by the western plainsman, "No good
conger except dead conger."
Ugly and savage brute as the conger
Is, it is a lamb compared with its rela?
tive, the green moray of Bermudian
waters. This great eel is of an un?
naturally brilliant green and has an
eye which is the very epitome of In?
tense and malignant ferocity. It is
voracious and savage beyond words.
The negro boatmen have such a holy
horror of it that they absolutely re?
fuse to allow a moray into the boat.
An acquaintance of the writer, a ma?
rine officer, fishing in a small boat off
Bermuda, hooked one of these fish, but
as soon as his boatman saw the hid?
eous head above the water he whipped
out his knife and made to cut the line.
The officer shouted to him to stop, but
had to threaten to throw the man
overboard before he would put up his
knife. When the great eel was pulled
over the side the negro went absolute?
ly ashy with fright As for the moray.
no sooner was it in the boat than it
doubled upon itself, and Its jaws met
with a clash In its own side, cutting
out a chunk of white flesh as neatly
as a scoop would cu^ cheese. That
was enough for the officer. He picked
op a boathook and forked the uncanny
creature overboard?Chambers* Jour?
A MANUFACTURED CLIMATE.
Methods of the Paris Market Garden?
ers In Forcing Nature.
The gardeners of Paris get their
products on the market weeks before
the regular season for them. This
forcing of nature is described by Er?
nest Poole in Success Magazine.
The secret is simply this: The French
maraichers have manufactured a cli?
mate to suit them. As one observer
has said, "They have moved the cli?
mate of Monte Carlo up to the suburbs
Some new prodigy of modern sci?
ence, this? Not at all. Only enor?
mous expense in money and in time.
The gardens, whenever possible, are
placed on land with a slope to the
south and are well protected by walls
on the north and east, walls built to
reflect light as well as to give protec?
tion from the northeast winds.
The ground is practically covered
with glass, not as in a greenhouse, but
by glass frames in the open, "three
light" frames of uniform size, 12 by
4% feet, and also by glass bells. These,
too, are of a uniform size, about the
shape of a chapel bell, a little less
than seventeen inches in diameter and
from fourteen to fifteen Inches high.
The French call them cloches. You
may often i>ee over a thousand frames
and over 10,000 glass bells in one two
acre plot Id the suburbs of Paris.
A more recent innovation is the em?
ployment of hot water pipes run under
the soil, making of the earth a verita?
ble steam heated hotel, with this es?
sential difference, that the hotel keep?
er here Is desperately eager, not to
keep his guests, but to persuade them
to leave on the earliest possible day.
The message was transmi4 to the
"cub" telegrapher. As writt . it read:
"Foundation under freight house
needs attention at once."
As delivered to the general foreman
the dispatch contained a rather star?
tling bit of Information. It read:
"Found a lion under freight house.
Needs attention at once." To which
he replied briefly:
"Feed the lion and notify the live
"Mother," said five-year-old Jack,
"how muca older than you Is father."
"Just thirteen years," replied the un?
"Well, mother," seriously continued
the child, "the next time you marry,
don't marry a man thirteen years older
than you. Don't you know it Is bad
A Doubtful Outlook.
A woman in evident distress was
standing at her door.
"What's the matter, Mrs. Brown?"
inquired a neighbor.
"Oh, I don't know what to do!" was
the reply. "Bill's away at the foot?
"Well, what about that?" said the
"Ah," responded Mrs. Brown, **you
don't know Bill! When his side wins
he gets on the loose, and when they
lose he comes homo and whacks me.
They've played a draw today, and I'm
sure I don't know what he'll do this
A Rude Youth.
"How do you account for this,
ma'am?" And he held aloft a lump of
coal which ho had Just dug out from
the sirloin steak.
The landlady slightly flushed.
"I suppose the poor cows sometimes
stray along tho railroad track," she
said. "But you must admit the steak
He thumped the coal with his knife.
"Yes," he said harshly, "locomotiv
And tho menl progressed In silence.
?Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Frederick Wurde will deliver hie
famous lecture, "The Women o
Shukespe ire," on the evening of tli
24th of November.
JUDGING A CIGAR.
The Only Reel V/ay to Find Its Quality
Is to Smoke It.
On no point is the average smoker so
ill informed as that of judging a cigar.
Nine times out of ten, upon being
handed a cigar, he will hold it to his
nose, unlighted, sniff at the wrapper
with n critical air and deliver his ver?
dict In a self satisfied manner. This
characteristic maneuver is always a
source of amusement to any tobacco
man who happens to observe it. There
is only one way to ascertain the qual?
ity of a cigar, and that is to smoke it
No expert will pass judgment on a
cigar until he has lighted it and
smoked it well down toward the mid?
dle. The first and most important
point upon which he bases his opinion
is the "burn." Tobacco may have ev?
ery other virtue, but if it does not hold
the fire and burn evenly it is poor to?
bacco. Next In order of importance
comes the aroma?the smoke must
have a pleasing "smell;" next comes
the flavor?the smoke must be smooth
and not "scratchy" or bitter. Then
there is the color?rich brown, indicat?
ing a ripe leaf, well cured?and last Is
workmanship?good if the wrapper is
put on smoothly and the "bunch" Is
made so that the cigar "draws" freely
and is neither too hard nor too spongy,
bad if the reverse.?Bohemian Maga?
ROMANCE OF HISTORY.
These Things Resd Like Legends, but
Are Mstters of Fact.
A peasant girl called half witted did
promise to defeat the victors of Agin
court and did it; it ought to be a
legend, but It happens to be a fact
A poet and a poetess did fall in love
and eloped secretly to a sunny clime;
It Is obviously a three volume novel,
but It happened. Nelson did die in the
act of winning the one battle that
could change the world; it Is a gross?
ly Improbable coincidence, but It is too
late to alter it now. Napoleon did wtsj
the battle of Austerlltz; it Is unnatu?
ral, but It is not my fault. When the
general who had surrendered a repub?
lican town returned, saying easily, "I
have done everything," Robespierre
did ask, with an air of Inquiry,
"Are you dead?" When Robespierre
coughed In his cold harangue Garnier
did say, "The blood of Danton chokes
you." Strafford did say of his own de?
sertion of parliament, "If I do it may
my life and death be set on a hill for
all men to wonder at." Disraeli did
say, "The time will, come when you
shall hear me."
The heroic Is a fact, even when it Is
a fact of coincidence or of miracle,
and a fact is a thing which can be ad?
mitted without being explalned.?G. K.
Chesterton In London News.
No Drums In the Middle Ages.
As we come to the middle ages,
when the nations of modern Europe
were struggling into existence, we fled
that at first the drum was not used
at all. So, although melody had been
known and practiced for many cen?
turies, rhythm had been quite forgot?
ten, for what there is left to us of
the music of the middle ages contains
no bars, nnd we know that it was
slowly and monotonously chanted,
without the least accent.
In the eleventh century, however,
things began to improve, more partic?
ularly as the crusaders brought Into
Europe all sorts of percussion instru?
ments from the east. Various kinds of
drums, tambourines and cymbals were
then seen in Europe for the first time
since the days of savages, and they
have been tised. with very little
change, ever since.?St. Nicholas.
An Epistolary Hint.
In the letter from Boston was a
special delivery stamp.
"What did she send that for?" the
woman wondered. "The information
she wants can be sent In an ordinary
letter. It won't need to be sent spe?
"That stamp," said the man, "is a
delicate hint to be quick about answer?
ing. It Is a hurry up device used by
many men. It Is very effective. A
two cent stamp does not always spur
one on *o any special effort, but a spe?
cial delivery stamp means that the
writer wants what he wants when he
wants it, and the most dilatory cor?
respondent alive Is not going to let any
grass grow between the scratches of
his pen when answering."?New Ycrk
Just Goes Out.
"Mother, when the fire goes out
where does it go?" asked a child ol
"I don't know, dear," replied the
mother. "You might just as well ask
me where your father goes when he
A sick peasant motions feebly to his
wife to approach his bedside and whis?
pers painfully, "I think, my dear, I
could fancy a little broth."
"My dear, what do you want of
broth? Hasn't the doctor Just given
Mrs. Dolly Madison, the wife of the
third president, is described by Gris
wold in this way:
"Dolly Payne, born in North Caro?
lina, has been educated according to
the strictest rules of the Quakers In
Philadelphia, where at an early age
she married a young lawyer of this
sect named Todd; but becoming a wid?
ow, she threw off drab silks and plain
laces and for severs! years was oue of
the gayest and most fascinating wo?
men of the city. She had many lovers,
but she gave the preference to Mr.
If ad icon and became his wife In 1794."
A good crop of wild oats will grow
where weeds wouldn't even sprout.
Tin: CINCINNATI EMBEZZLER.
Warriner Implicates Mr*. Jeannette
Stewart Ford?Police Put Both in
Cincinnati. Nov. 16.?Charles Lr
Wuniner, formerly local treasurer of
the Big Four railroad, is in jail to
niKht, while Mrs. Jeannette Stewart
Ford, also ip in prison on a charge
of receiving $1,000 of the $643.000
which Warriner is accused of era
bMSltng from the railroad.
The warrant against Mrs. Ford was
issued tonight on appjication of Pros?
ecutor Hunt, who was closeted almost
all day with Warriner. The former
railroad officer informed the prosecu?
tor it Is said, that he had given part
of the money abstracted from the
railroad to Mrs. Ford and that the
last payment was made on October 1*
\ "arriner appeared in the after?
noon at the criminal court and plead?
ed not guilty to the indictment re?
turned yesterday charging him with
enbezzlement and grand larceny. His
bond was fixed at $20,000.
The four men who had come to his
assistance when he was first arrested
did not renew their pledge and War?
riner was taken to jail.
A dramatic sequel to the sensa?
tional turn in tne case was enacted
later tonight when half a score of
constables and deputies went to the
handsomely furnished apartments of
Mrs. Stewart-Ford and placed her
under arrest. She was indignant, but.
after protesting, was removed to the
court house and subsequently placed
in jail in default of ball.
SIX KILLED BY CAVE-IN.
Laborers on the Southbound Railroad
Buried by Landsilde.
Winston-Salem, N. C, Nov. 14.?Six
workmen were killel and a number of
others barely escaped death when
four thousand cubic feet of earth
caved in and entombed a construc?
tion force engaged in building a con?
crete viaduct at Salem Crtek, south of
tins place, on the Southbound Rail?
road, at 10 o'clock this morning.
TWO REFINERIES PLANNED.
to Be Distributing Point
Charleston, Nov. 15.?The publica?
tion of the proposed establishment of
a sugar refinery in Charleston was
the first which has been made but it
Is expected that in a few days the
formal and authorized announcement
of the enterprise will be made known.
Instead of one refinery, plans are
making for two plants of the kind,
and according to the information at
hand, progress has been made ard
It is only a matter of a few days when
at least one of the enterprises will
take life with the formal application
for a charter for the organization of
the company in which considerable
local capital is to be invested.
The matter of establishing a sugar
plant In Charleston was started by
parties independent of the so-called
"trust,"' but recently a representative
of the American Sugar Refining Com?
pany was in Charleston, following
correspondence with parties here,
and now instead of there being only
ont plant, there is a likelihood of two
plants being constructed and operat?
The close proximity of Charleston
to the West Indies and the other ad?
vantages of the port have especially
commended Charleston to the sugar
manufacturing Interests and seeming?
ly insured the success of the venture.
It is prepared to bring the raw sugar
Into Charleston from the West Indies
and refine it here. It is understood
that the sugar people have figurtd out
that Charleston commands particu?
larly favorable advantages, not only
for the refining of the product but for
Its distribution through this section
of the country. The success of the
enterprise seems to be assured.
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