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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 27, 1909, Image 3',
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SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1909.
?at*ral at Ute Postofhce at Siunter. S.
C? m s<m <>iul Class Matter.
The First National Bank?State?
Shaw St McCollum Mer. Co.?Coat
The Farmers' Bank St Trust Co ?
W. A. Thompson?$100 In Goods
Mr. Wm. F. Haynsworth, of Jack?
sonville. Fla.. Is In the city.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Raffleld have
-<dhoved to Orangeburg, where they
will make their home In the future.
Their many friends wish them much
auccesa and happiness.
Mlseee Lola Anderson, of Augusta.
Ga. Eugenia Childs of Columbia and
Miss Ansel, o' Columbia, are the
guests of the Misses Wilsons on
Mr. D. W. Alderman, of Alcolu.
was In this city Tuesday.
Mr. W. L Saunders. of Stateburg,
was in this city Tuesday.
Mies Allleen Ward, of Darlington,
la visiting Mrs. C. P. Osteen on East
Mr. E. E. Rembert, of Rembert,
In the city Wednesday.
Mr. end Mrs. F. W. Renneker, of
ai lesion, spent a few days In the
Ity this week.
Miss Addle Burney, of Columbia. Is
is guest of Miss Mary Pitts.
Mr. VanCleve Parrott. of this city,
who Is a member of the senior class
the South Carolina University and
ho la specialising in chemistry, has
in, made assistant in that depart -
lent at a substantial salary.
Mlsa Lula Rouse, of Chicago, 111.,
visiting Mrs. H. M. stuck, y
Coroner Fiowers went to the mill
of the Unakar Lumber Co. in the Wa
wsree Swamp, near Camden Junction,
Tuesday to hold an Inquest over the
body of Nelson Green, a negro mill
u " who wbi killed Tuesday .'tter
fUVn ty being run over by the tram
nagtn*}. The verdict of the jury wa*
t> u? ortrrr"ramc to hi* deatt u a ro
tajlt of his own careWsiww.
It la reliably reported that Mrs. Ei?
fa Tuomey, who died in Philadelphia
Tuesday morning, made large be?
quests to charity, but the beneficiaries
and the boquests will not be known
until her will Is filed for probate. It
Hi stated, however, that she supple
menu the fund left for the stabllsh
ment of a city hospital by her hus?
band, the late T. J. Tuomey, by a
gift ot $16.000. This will bring the
endowment of this hospital up to
more than $100,000.
The regular statement of the First
National Bank Is printed In another
column. The statement, as uaual
with this Institution, shows that the
bank Is In a healthy condition, that
the reeourcee grow greater steadily
and tt at the bank Is today stronger
m every way than at any time In Its
history An t ?aminatlon of the state?
ment and a comparison with previous
statements will show that stockhold?
ers have every reason to be satisfied
with the management of the bank.
The regular statement of the Far?
mers' Hank St Trust Co. Is published
today In compllunce with the call of
the Htate Bank Examiner. This state
nt Is tho best the bank has eevr
able to make. The deposits on
Nov. 16. the date of the statement,
were $529.789, an Increase of $279,
$1164 over the same date 1908, when
the. deposits amounted to $250,550.36.
The cash resources as shown by the
statement are $134.929.36 against
$48.406.94 the same date in 1908.
The bank owes no money at present,
whllo on Nov. If, 1908 the bills pay?
able account stood at $20.000. An In?
crease of more than 100 per cent In
deposits In one year Is remarkable
and the Increase in the cash re?
sources Is equally as gratifying. The
Farmers' Bank St Trust Co. 1? cer?
tainly growing and prospering with
giant strides and Its growth enables
It to become more and more a factor
In the growth of Sumter.
You should read carefully the
Shaw St McCollum advertisement.
They are making great reductions Ol
their coat suits."
'Hot Hupepr t?? IW? (il\en.
tfagn.id. N"\ Th? re will I. a n
oyster supper given at the horn* f
Mrs. C. B. Atkinson on Friday night,
Dec. 3rd. for the hosjsjaH si sWtheads
M. E. ? horch. The public Im eon mI
?Many school children suffer from
constipation, which is often the cause
of seeming stupidity v lessons. Cham
Ul'tin's stomach and Liver Tail."*
Off si. Ideal medleln i to give a chbo
r ' tney are mild and gentle in their
?ff*<( and will cure even chronic Q*m*
?lUsuon. Hold by W. ?V. Slbert.
MOST POVERTY IS DUE TO ILL
Nathan Straus Says That His Motto Is
?To Help the Poor to Help Them?
Self-preservation is the first law of
nature, says Nathan Straus, the phil?
anthropist. Self-sacrlflee In the In?
terest of society is a prime law of civ?
ilisation. Willingness to sacrifice one's
pleasure and comfort in some degreo
to the needs of humanity?this is of
prime Importance in all charity.
I do not regard giving to charity as
a form of special mercy. Devotion of
a part of our wealth to those less for?
tunate than ourselves is demanded by
Justice, dictated by conscience and
expressly commanded by the Mosaic
law. It seems impossible for society
to be just. If our present civilization
really gave "equal opportunities to all
and special privileges to none," there
would be very little need for charity.
But society is unjust. It does not
give the child In the slums the same
opportunity as the child In the mar?
ble palace. Such being the case, It is
not the privilege, but the duty, of ev?
ery one able to support himself and
those dependent upon him, to confer
a part of the blessings which he en
Joys upon others less fortunate than
himself. It is our duty to do our ut?
most as individuals to redress the in?
evitable Injustice that we perpetrate
as a society.
If we recognize that to give to the
poor is a Just and necessary activity
of the fortunate possessor of much or
'little, the question at once arises as
to how It is best to give. A true phll-'
anthroplst is anxious to give in a
manner to accomplish the most good.
A real philanthropist at once asks
himself, "What are to be my prin?
ciples of giving?" I have long ago
answered this question, at least for
myself. My purpose has always been
"to help the poor to help themselves."
I have decided that I can do this best
by supplying them with pure food. I
try to help the poor, and especially
the babies of the poor, to keep well
and grow up strong by furnishing
them with clean, germ-free, nourish?
ing milk. Most poverty Is traceable
to ill-health, and most crime is trace?
able to poverty; so I am trying not
only to alleviate misery by helping the
poor to help themselves; I hope, also,
to perform a social service ?n lessen?
ing the amount of crime. I feel that
if we gave more of our money for
pu^o food we W?u*?d need to give less'
for i> 1 also leas for jails.
If we are to help people to help
themselves we must not encourage
bagging by promiscuous giving. T<>
avoid either encouraging begging, or
pauperizing those temporarily in need
of alms, I h!t upon the plan of sell?
ing pure milk at a nominal price?for
about a third of its value. So the
man who receives the milk pays for
It and Is not made to feel that he is
the recipient of alms.
Each one must decide for himself
how much he wishes to give to char?
ity. I have again answered this ques?
tion, at least to my own satisfaction.
The old Hebrew law commands us to
give one-tenth of our Income to the
poor. I have taken this as a mini?
mum limit, always feeling that as I
got more I should devote a larger
proportion of what I had to human?
ity. "Of him to whom much is given,
much is expected."
Office- H. G. McKagen went to St.
Matthews Monday to identify a ne?
gro who had ben arrested there on
suspicion that he was Toney Moses,
who Is wanted for the murder of Po?
liceman W. A. Clyde and for whom a
reward offered by the State and the
city of Sumter is outstanding. The
suspect was not Toney Moses, being
a much larger man and several
shades lighter. He was accordingly
released by the St. Matthews officers
when they were Informed by Officer
McKagen that he was not Moses.
This Is the second or third trip offi?
cers of the city have been sent at the
city's expense to Identify a negro,
held on suspicion, as Toney Mos?s. It
Is desirable, of course, that Toney
Moses be captured and that he be
positively Identified, but It appears to
be somewhat Irregular to be spend?
ing the city's money to send police
officers here, there and every where
to identify suspects, who have been
arrested by some one who Is working
for the reward. To an onlooker it
looks like the Sheriff of Sumter coun?
ty would be the proper person to
send an officer to Identify and bring
back a criminal wanted for a crime
against the State, which was com?
mitted in Sumter county.
Peary Is entitled to the credit of
having discovered the Geographic So?
ciety, anyhow.?-Cleveland Leader.
According to a recent customs rul?
ing, a doll Is not a toy. 1'osslbly it Is
an insert purchasable chiefly at toy
stores.?New York Mall.
?When a sold hccomcM settled In the
system. It will take several days' treat?
ment to curr it. gnd the best remedy
to use is Chamborlain'i Cough R* nv
edy. It will cure quicker than any
other, and also leaves the system In a
natural and healthy condition. Sold
by W. W. Slbert.
SURPLUS WF.ALTH SHOULD DB
Andrew Carnegie says That ? Bon
Who Inherits Money Inherit* a
The problem of our age is the
proper administration of wealth; that
the ties of brotherhood may still bind
together the rich and the poor in
harmonious relationship, writes An?
drew Carnegie in -The Delineator for
December. There is only one mode of
using great fortunes. That is one by
which the surplus wealth of the few
becomes the property of the many,
and by which this wealth passing
through the hands of the few can be
made a more potent force for the
elevation of the race than if distribut?
ed in small sums to the people them?
selves. The millionaire is but a
trustee for the poor.
The man of wealth should become,
after providing moderately for the
legitimate wants of those dependent
upon him, the mere trustee and agent
for his poorer biethren, bringing to
their service his superior wisdom, ex?
perience and ability to administer,
doing for them better than they
would or could do for themselves.
Wise men will soon conclude that,
for the best interests of their families
and of the state, bequests to their de?
scendants are an improper use of
their means. Beyond providing for
the Wlfi) and daughters moderate
sources of income and very moderate
allowances, if an>\ for the sons, men
may well hesitate. The thoughtful
man must shortly say: "I would as
soon leave to my son a curse as the
almighty dollar." He must admit to
himself that it is not the welfare of
the children but the family pride
which inspires these legacies.
Rich men have it in their power
during their lives to busy themselves
in organizing benefactions from which
the masses of their follows will derive
lasting advantage and thus dignify
their own lives. In many cases a
man's bequests are so used as to be?
come monuments to his folly. The
day is not far distant when the man
who dies leaving behind him millions
of available wealth, which was free
for him to administer during life,
will pass away, "unwept, unhonored
and unsung." Of such the public
verdict will be, "The man who dies
thus rich, dies disgraced."
It is as important in administering
wealth as in any other branch of a
man's work, that he should be en?
thusiast;*, ally devoted to it and feel
that in the field selected his work
li^s. In bestowing Charit) the main
consideration should be to help thos.
who will help themselves. Neither
the individual nor the race is im?
proved by almsgiving. The free li?
brary is the best gift than can be
given tc a community, providng the
community will accept and maintain
it as a public institution as much a
part of the city property as its public
schools, and indeed as an adjunct to
these. It is reserved for very few to
found universities. More good is
henceforth to be accomplished by
adding to and extending those in
I have summed up my principles of
giving in the Trust Deed for the
benefit of the Carnegie Institution at
Washington, D. C, in which I said
I deemed it to be my duty and one of
my highest privileges to administer
the wealth that has come to me, as
a trustee In behalf of others, and en?
tertained the confident belief that
one of the best means of discharging
that trust is by providing funds for
improving and extending the oppor?
tunity for study and research In our
country. Moreover, I gave my trus?
tees full power to modify the condi?
tions and regulations under which the
trust Is dispensed, so that these shall
always be applied In the manner
best adapted to the changed condi?
tions of the time.
The new schedule that the Atlan?
tic Coast Line put into effect on the
15th lnst., seems not to please any?
body in this section. Sumter, Or
angehurg, Florence, Darlington an 1
many other smaller towns ar-3 kick?
ing vigorously. The most S'Tious
complaint that the business men have
against the new schedule is that it
seriously Interferes with the mail fa?
cilities of Sumter, in that the North?
ern mail, which formerly reached
this city on the early morning train,
now la not received until about 10
o'clock and cannot be distributed un?
til nearly noon. The new schedule Is
not convenient to the traveling pub
lie and there is much complaint on
this sc<?re. It is suggested that the
mall service could be materially im?
proved if the local train that now
leaves here at 7 a. in. O'clock for Au?
gusta, should be made up In Flor?
ence about f> a. m. This train could
Carry tin- Northern mail and put it
here In time for the first delivery.
II' this train ran through from Flor?
ence to AUaTUtta It would be a great
convenience to the traveling public.
?Limp back comes on suddenly and
Is extremely painful. It is caused by
rheumatism of the muscles. Quick re?
lief Is afforded by applying Chamber?
lain's Liniment. Sold by W. W. Sl
GREAT NATIONAL PROBLEM.
Cost of Living Has Increased 56 Per
Cent in Thirteen Years.
New York World.
One need not share J. J. Hill's
gloomy view that 'high cost of living
is the beginning of every national de?
cline' to agree with him that it Is now
and here in America a great and
grave national issue.
There is no question as to the facts.
Bradatreet'l "Index figure" of com?
modity prices show an average rise
of 56 per cent, in thirteen years in
the price of the necessaries of life.
Rent has in many cases risen In even
greater ratio. Wages have generally
risen not nearly so much.
We must wait for the 1910 census
to show how the workingman now
shares in the division of his product,
but already In 1900 the wage fund in
manufacture was shown to be grow?
ing only half as fast as miscellaneous
expenses. In 1896 the workingman,
clerk, or professional toiler could buy
more food, shelter, clothing, and other
necessities and comforts with his
wages, salary, or fees than at any
time since the civil war. Today the
man of moderate means can buy less
with his income than in 1896. For
j him the wheels of progress have turn?
ed backward, and he is deeply dissat?
isfied. He is ready to wreak political
vengeance uopn whatever or who?
ever is responsible.
What Is doing the country this ill
turn? Some say the trusts; it is a co?
incidence that the tendency began
about the time the trusts did. Some
say the tariff. Some say the middle
man. Some blame the Increased pro- I
duction of gold since the invention of
the cyanide process and the end of
the Boer war. Some say living costs
more because we have reached the
end of our free homestead land?
though Mr. Hill and his railroad
friends are right in urging that better
farming would double our yearly
The cause and cure, whatever they
may be, it behooves statesmen and
leaders of thought to discover. The
conditions of which Mr. Hill speaks,
and which are known of all men, can
not continue without most far-reach?
ing social consequences and political
upheavals in what Americans have
long been proud to call the best coun?
try on earth for the average man.
The University of Copenhagen, just
now in the public eye, has an lnt< . -
estint; hi '--?y. It wu3 founded In
1478 undei papal authorisation. Bx>
tinct during the wars of the Reform?
ation, it was reiuuiided in 1539, but
was burned in 1728. Reestablished
in 1732, it received its present form
of organization in 17S8. Among its
famous professors have been Hol
berg, Oelehnschlager, Rask, Madvlg,
Oersted, and Westergaard. The uni?
versity is divided into faculties of
theology, law, and poltical scence,
medicine, philosophy, and natural
sciences and mathematics. Among
its fifteen annexed laboratories and
kindred institutions is an astronomi?
cal observatory. The number of stu?
dents is about 2,000. Its income Is
derived in part from endowment and
in part from governmental subsidy.
In 1906 Its budget balanced at 926,
000 kroner, or about $250,000.
Mrs. Josephine Sullivan is the first
policewoman of Chicago. She w?s
sworn in the other day and invested
with all the authority and privileges
given to special policemen of that
Mr. Taft bewails the limitations
which have been set about the au?
thority of the President. It was not
noticed that his predecessor was
hampered by these limitations.?
Now comes a nice young woman,
of Boston, who declares that the
question of dress is a casual one. To
many men the question of woman's
attire has long been a casualty.?New
Sometimes it almost looks as if
Senator Aldrich were beginning to
fear that the business of fooling all
the people all the time is not early
so prosperous as it used to be.?In?
?Croup is most prevalent during tht
dry cold weather of the early winter
months. Parents of young children
should be prepared for it. All that ll
needed is a bottle of Chamberlain'?
Cough Remedy. Many mothers are
never without It in their homes and It
has never disappointed them. Sold by
W. W. Sibert.
Burr Pack, of Connecticut, seeks
divorce at the age of 70. As he has
never been divorced, it might pay to
surround him with a tent and exhibit
him in Chicago.?Louisville Courier
?The old, old story, told times with?
out number, ami repeated over and
<?ver again for the last 36 years, but
it is always a welcome story to those
In search of health?There is nothing
in the world that cures coughs and
colds as quickly as Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. Sold by W. W. Si?
SAYS TIU ST OFFERED $1,000,000
New York Paper Mentions Mr. Bona
parte In Campaign Story.
That one of the great trusts o( the
eountry attempted to "dicker" with
the administration of President
Rootevelt, through Attorney Cent ral
Ponaparte, for cessation of legal pro?
ceedings on the payment of $1,000,
000 to the Taft campaign fund, was
the subject of a dispatch from Wash?
ington published yesterday in the j
New York World. Voluminous cor?
respondence is said to have passed
between Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Bon?
aparte on the subject, and Mr. Roose?
velt's rejection of the offer is describ?
ed as emphatic.
According to this story, it was sug?
gested that if "trust-busting" opera?
tions were abandoned, or at least
suspended, the money would be con?
tributed and many powerful connec?
tions would be enlisted in Mr. Taft's
behalf, but that refusal might instill
The following letter is quoted:
The White House,
At Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 25, 1908.
Dear Bonaparte: I want to con?
gratulate you on the admirable stand
you have taken in this matter. * * ?
It shall go to the bottom. There must
be no deviation. If some of my good
party friends should fee! embarrassed
it should surely be no fault of ours*
Really, there seems I i be no end to
the influences which are being oper?
ated in this case.
What a scoundrel-must be to
try open bribery! And how refresh?
ing it is to know that there is so
much money St hand by "prostrate
industries" which might be put to
proper use in an honest way!
If- comes to you again I shall
be really delighted to have you tell
him straight from me that the inves?
tigation will be pressed with the ut?
most energy to a conclusion, and that
this will be done whether his clients
contribute a million for the election
of Taft or a million for the election
of Bryan, or whether i.hey fail to
contribute a cent to either side.
I would really like you to give him
just this message from me, and put
it in writing if you desi "c.
I hereby nominate
This nomination ballot, when properly filled out, will count for ?
1,000 votes. Only one ballot will be credited to a candidate. ?
? Address. . . .
^ My Name is
Under no circumstances will the name of anyone making
nomination be divulged.
I The Ballot. *
TWENTY-FIVE VOTES FOR
]sj Subject to rules of The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contest.
Sj( after December 15.
10-4 Tar Heel
11-4 Tar Heel
The Home of the Tar Heel
The question settled at last!
Both Peary and Cook had
Tar Heel Blankets with them.
These justly celebrated Blank?
ets in 10-4, 11-4 and 12-4 sizes.
Sold only by
O'Donnell * Co
The Home of the Tar Heel
12-4 Tar Heel
SOLD BY O'DONNELL & CO.