Newspaper Page Text
(|t fttftakfynan aitb j&outjjnm.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER I, 1909.
The 8umter Watchman wai found?
ed in 1860 and the True Southron In
1IM. The Watchman and Southron
low haa the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
nnd Is manifestly the best advertising
medium in Sumter.
Fault IJoh In Vogue of Teaching
Word? Without Hcgard to Letters.
(Loftan D. Howell. In the New York
Several papers last week were pub?
lishing and commenting on an item
of news from Northwestern Univer?
sity. In an examination of freshmen
there the authorities found what has
been termed a disgraceful deficiency
In spelling. The newspapers seem to
think the conditions at Northwestern
are typical of the rising generation
throughout the country, and the ques?
tion Is asked: "Is spelling no longer
This question may not be serious,
being Intended to Imply that spelling
is poorly taught. But, to give a se?
rious answer, It Is a fact that In most
schools nowadays beginners In read?
ing, at the time when they ought to
be laying a foundation for spelling,
?re not taught this subject at all.
On the contrary, the learner Is
taught to try to read without regard
to the Individual letters of the words,
and a primer that contains the alpha?
bet Is an exception. Consequently,
teachers In higher schools and their
pupils are not only poor spellers, but
some of them are unable to use a dic?
tionary by reason of not knowing the
order of the letters.
Instead of the old-fashioned way of
first learning the alphabet. then
words through their spelling, and last
the reading of sentences, progressive
primary teachers now use one or
more of some new modern methods.
Chief among these is the Chinese
method: The teacher points out any
word whatever, srd the child (who
doesn't know B from a bull's foot) Is
told to remember that word from Its
general appearance, Just as a Chinese
child has to learn the words^of his
written language, which has no al- I
It seems that tb?> mor. irri.-K-.ilai
spelling of the first words presented
^to &e ?^t^rm/w i>- bi-tVr It Is *or
the Chinese * method. One \ ni
primer oy a prominent advocate of
this way of teaching has In Its first
sentence five words containing the
letter o. and In each word o has a
different sound The words are, of,
for, two, money, bought. Observe
also that f has a different sound each
time It occurs; that w is silent In
"two" and that ough Is an unusual
combination for the aw sound.
The child In an old-fashioned
school that could spell all these words
correctly by the end of the term
would be doing well. But these words
occur In the very first lesson In the
book: the piipi is not taught to spell
these or any other words. And this
primer Is but a type of many, they
begin with words Ilk" baby and mam
ma (with two sounds of the letter a)
and pretty and little, (with e, y, and
I having the same sound, and one e
Is It any wonder that children do
not sprll well when not only Is no at?
tempt made to teach them, but when
they are thrown at once Into all the
Irregularities and inconsistencies of
Another favorite method with lead
Ing modern teachers I? the jump
and-run method. The children stand
up on the floor and Jump. Tnen the
teacher shows them the sentence: "I
Jump" Tb? Lot that they hive Just
Jumped Is expected to teac i them
that sentence so they will never for
get It. In the same way th?y mnffl
the whole primer "I run." "I play
marble* i catch a ball." etc.. bv
doing al) these things. (I do not
know how they would t?ach a little
girl to rend who I Ollld not catch a
ball or shoot marbles>.
There may be some ohl-tinie spell
era who think that no such < ondltl >n
can really exist in any schoo , that I
am exaggerating. For th< Ir benefit
I will quote from the pn f m e, .,r In?
structions t<? tonchora, >>t two of u?n
m<>-t up t-> <l te piiim-r-: One siate
thnt ? bt b >..k "\* srrtttefl fnnn the
?Ian d porn 1 of imagei not words.
? ? ? If ?M mm.l .f Ibi < hi! l Is cen?
tered upon ibe thought he win learn
the written word MMOI I i"i ly as he
b ii fn the spoken word."
All modern p'imei pooh ;>ooh the
alphabet, and one authority gravely
"In a short thn. Ibi pupils will ac?
quire the names of the bite >g of the
alphabet intuitively, and will then bt
prepared to go thend without dlAV
CUlty and Without help nil Ibi p.lit
of the teacher."
it is this attempt ut learning with?
out thought, by Intuition, and with?
out help on the part of the teacher"
that has resulted In such conditions
as disclosed at Northwestern UnUcr
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, Pmsldont Farmers' Union of Suinter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is his Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news f nd official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of t'^e U lion are requested to u?e these columns.
Also to publish such clip dngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o. r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ablis/ied.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs,
Mayesville. S. C.
The Sumter County Unic n will
hold the annual meeting for the elec?
tion of officers In the Court He use on
Friday, Dec. 3rd. We hope 10 have
two Invited speakers and will call the
meeting to order at 10 a. m., !or the
purpose of hearing them before our
E. W. D ABI IS,
FARMERS' UNION MEETING.
Hon. E. D. Smith will speak at 10
>'clock to the public meeting to be
held In the Court House. Hon. B. F.
Keller, of Cameron, Farmers' Union
Executive Committeeman from the
7th Congressional District ^ 111 be
with us at our meeting on Friday,
E. W. DABES..
President Sumter County Union.
Plnewood News Notes.
Plnewood, Nov. 30.?Mr. 0, W.
Bates, of North, S. C, and Mrs. M. E.
Barwick were married at th< home
of the bride Sunday evening it 8:30
3'clock. Rev. Mr. Phillips came over j
from North and performed the cere- i
mony. Only the family and a few
friends wer? present.
Mr. and Mrs, J. C? JenUns have Is?
sued Invitations t?> the marrtlge of
their 'l uu'ht r. Lull I'.cati i?-_?' Iu'S
CbampS, arid Mr. Arthur Brails-ford
Briggs, on Thursday evening, Dec.
11th, at St. James' church, this place.
Mr. Willie Dunne wus In tDwn on
Monday In the Interest of the erec?
tion of the new brick Baptist church.
Prof. W B. Garrett came in Mon?
day morning from a visit to Turbe
Mr. N. Graham Eroadw ly has j
moved his familwy to his plantation
between Paxvllle and Manninj; where
he will conduct a large gra n farm
Broadway Bros, have turned over
their planing and saw mill to the
Trexler Lumber Co. with heal offices
Prof. B. B. Patterson came in Sat?
urday night to spend Sunday here.
Mrs. Guy Nelson, of Stateburg, was
called home Saturday by th j illness
of her mother, Mrs. J. B. Richardson.
Beginning on Sunday alternoon,
Dec. .*>th, Rev. W. S. Porter, pastor of
the Presbyterian church will begin a
series of revival services here asssist
ed by Rev. A. R. Woodson, of Man?
ning. Preaching at 11 a. m. and 8
o'clock p. m.
Mr. olln Munm rlyn, who has been
visiting his relatives here tor several
>la\ . has returned to Charleston to
resume hts studies at the Medical
College fium which he graduates next
The A. <\ L Palmetto Limited
? ftde Its fastest run on Monday. It
came near carrying the towr with it.
as Bnsjtneof Hughson had he lever
In the amen corner, and Was passing
71 mile posts to every oo minutes.
Mi?J. II. B. Richardson an 1 daugh
U r. Miss Susan, will leaw on Dec.
1st f >r Columbia, S. C, where they
win spend the winter*
Policeman Hopkins has resigned
and returned to his home in Sumter.
Mr. W. G. Blwell, :i possum hunter
Of t;i111? ?. spent Monday in Ihe Game
a crowd <>r pythlsns from here will
1*0 over to Sumt? r oil Monday even
Contractor J. Hasting Broadway
has s force of workmen at work on
the residences ?.f W. (',. Blwell and
Den P, Broadway.
Work will start on the new Baptist
church about I >< ??. 1 ,",t h.
Mrs. |f, K. Hates, nee Mai wick, hits
purchased the old hotel formerly
owned ?>y Or, Mi i>. Murray and ex?
perts to haVC same remodeled and
used for sleeping quarters.
Mr. Ai.e Brlggi is in town talking
Mr. K. M< Johnson has moved back
\\> re niter a three years' ? ?senoc.
Mr. Prank Burkctt, A. C. L. opera
tor is at home for a rest.
Mr. Rabble Briggs and Mr. Robin
son. of Silver, were here on Monday.
Mr. C. W. Bates, who has been a
regular visitor here for the past year,
selling lightning rods, will now make
this place his permanent home.
Mr. Guy Nelson returned to his
home at Stateburg Sunday afternoon.
Mr. Bancroft Lesesne has the
Broadway Bros, planing mill under
his supervision for awhile.
GOMPER8 ASKS REHEARING.
Counsel for Sentenced Officials of Fed?
eration Request*} That Appeals
Court Delay Action.
Washington, Nov. 29.?The petition
for a writ of certiorari in the con?
tempt proceedings against Samuel
Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, officers of the American
Federation of Labor, in connection
with the Bucks Stove and Range j
Company litigation, which if granted
would have the effect of bringing up
the whole case, was today formally
presented to the Supreme Court of
the United States by Judge Alton B.
Parker, of New York.
Messrs. Gompers, Mitchell and
Morrison were present in the court.
The proceeding was purely formal
and very brief. Judge Parker V
tented himself wdth the mere an?
nouncement of the application and
when as is customary, Chief Justice
Fuller Inquired whether briefs had j
been presented ?n both ides it was j
qtaj id by counsel against the (adera? (
tlon oitieials that there would' be ?10 j
opposition to the win, the court took
thi matter under advisement.
The Sumter County Teachers' As
sociation will meet In the Hampton
School building, Sumter, at 11 o'clock
Saturday mbrnlng, Dec. 4th. All
teachers are invited to attend.
REACTION IN ALABAMA.
PEOPLE REFUSE TO INCLUDE
PROHIBITION IN CONSTI?
Early Returns From Country Pre
(huts Indicate That Prohibition
lias Suffered Decisive Defeat.
Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 29.?With j
58 out of G7 heard from at 10 o'clock,
the Montgomery Advertiser places
the majority against the amendment
at 27,500. Only four counties?Ma
con, Lee, Sumter and Talladega?ap- i
pear to have given majorities for the
Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 2 9.?At !
midnight unofficial returns from 63
of the 67 counties of the State show 1
a majority against the constitutional
amendment of 22,353.
Six counties only gave majorities
for the amendment. They are Sum- j
ter, Talladega, Chambers, Lee, Macon \
and Pickens. Those majorities were
The counties, not heard from are J
remote from communication. They
are Choctaw, Marion, Winston and
Fayette, Of these, all are expected to j
return majorities against the amend- j
ment except Choctaw. The vote in |
these counties will be light and will j
not materially change the result.
Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 29.?All I
indications point to a majority of be?
tween 18,000 and 20,000 in Alabama
against the prohibition constitutional
amendment today. Chairman J. Lee
Long, who has been in charge of the
fight against the amendment, claims
that the majority against the amend?
ment will be fully 20,000.
Jefferson county, in which is Bir?
mingham, the largest city in the
State, in spite of the fact that the
fight has been concentrated here, gave
a majority of over 1,000 against the
amendment. Mobile, Montgomery
and Cullman counties show the larg?
est majorities on the victorious side
and it appears the amendment has
carried in but three counties, Talle
dega, Macon and Sui ter, with Lee in
Today's election being the first time
the State has ever had an apportunity
to pass upon the prohibition question,
is regarded as especially significant,
sun it can not be regarded as a
c. giit antUprohlbtlon victory be
oi e of tin l erjonal polities that has
i injected ini*-. the Issue. Its as?
sociation with the administration of
Go v. Ii. R. Comer and his reputed
ability to name a successor to the gov?
ernorship in Judge S. D. Weakley,
author of prohibition bills, have fig?
ured prominently in the result.
A significant feature of the result
is the fact that sentiment against the
amendment is so widespread. Rural
precincts, small towns and cities alike I
are, for the most part, returning- Ml] - '
stanttal majorities on the winning
There has never been seen here
anything like the enthusiasm shown
in Birmingham tonight over the re?
sult. Thousands Of people from Jef?
ferson and adjoining counties were
here to see the returns massed in 1
the downtown streets were one billon
of enthusiasm. The result everywhere
is regarded as a distinct repudiation
of the present State administration
which had been particularly radi?;,i
in its so-called reform programme.
Chairman J. Lee Long of the State
of Alabama anti-amendment com?
mittee tonight issued the following
"I want to congratulate the people
of Alabama on their great victory
won through the efforts of the press.
"This will serve notice on future
generations that the people of Alaba?
ma will not allow any of their per?
sonal liberties abridged.
'T hope that the gentlemen on the
other side will strike hands with us,
as we have mal... towards none, and
join us in a forward stride so that
we can go on and make Alabama the
greatest State in the Union."
PIANO CONTEST OPENS.
Nominations Began Coming in This
The great voting conest for the
$400 Piano and the two $50 gold
watches, which the Osteen Publish?
ing Company will give away as an
advertisement for the Watchman and
Southron and The Daily Item opened
on Monday as advertised for the
past ten days. Several nominations
are already on file and quite a num?
ber of ballots were deposited for the
nominees. The ballots will be count?
ed once a week, at the close of busi?
ness on Saturday and the standing of
the various candidates will be print?
ed In the Daily Item on the Monday
following and in the Watchman and
Southron in the Wednesday issue.
Contestants and their friends should
remember that the time for the
nomination of candidates expires at
6 p. m. December 24th. Also that
the first bonus period closes Decem?
ber 10th. The candidates who bring
or send in 10 new subscribers to the
Watchman and Southron at $1.50
each or three new subscribers for the
Daily Item at $5.00, each, will receive
1.500 votes as i bonu?. in addition to
the regular number of votes.
No person connected with thf*
Osteen Publishing Company in any ca?
pacity is eligible to enter ih*j contest
as a candidate, nor will any employe
of the Osteen Publishing Company be
permitted to vote for any of the can?
didates. This rule is absolute and
wdll not be deviated from.
Send us your job work.
The QrOf -i <?ad-.
There sits a woman In a lonely place,
Where All-Souls' twilight ever
bends and broods;
With hungry hope and fear upon her
She gazes down those dreamy soli?
There at the crossroads, peering to
Straining her prance athwart the
Lest any little traveler she might
Come by that way.
For long, so lonpr she has waited;
now and then
A tiny figure looms along fhe road,
Shy, scarce-awakened from the world
Seeking uncertainly its new abode,
And eagerly she stoops, she scans
Asking some look, some tender
And still she lets it go again, and
"Not mine?O God?not mine!"
But some day, surely in a bolden
The sweet familiar shape will be
Delaying here and there for berry or
But drawing ever nearer to her
No need of greeting between child
when heart on heart is folded close
In that one clasp, each blended in the
That pays for all the past!
Pali Mall Gazette.
Send us your Job work.
A kick In time may also save n'ne.
By virtue of a Decree of the Court
of Common Pleas for Sumter County,
in the State of South Carolina, ir. the
case of D. L. Hart against Wallace
McDuffle, Marion Moise and M. Ja
recky, I will sell at public auction, to
the highest bidder, at the Court House
in the City of Sumter, in the County
and State aforesaid, on sale day in
December, 1909, being the sixth dav
of said month, during the usual h">urs
of sale, the following described real
"All tb*t lot nf land situat* in the
Northwestern section of the City If
Sumter, in Sumter County, in ?a!d
SltatO* containing icn acres, more or
less, bounded North, Kost and West
by land of Marion Moise. and South
by land of Haynsworth or White, the
said tract of land being a part of the
Phillips place, and being the land
conveyed to Wallace McDuffle by Ma?
Terms of sale: Cash, purchaser to
pay for papers.
E. C. HAYNSWORTH,
11-13-20-27?12-4. W. 11-24?12-4.
Red figured effects,
deep shades, in
Sill^s specially woven
Slip easily under
all-silk, in over sixty
plain colors, three
Grand Prize St. Louis World's Fair
lor Quality, Workmanship and Style
Ilffar thim Kabel
T] HE selection of a suitable
j Christmas Gift for a Man or
a Hoy, is an easy proposition
at this store.
We have so many "just
right" things, that it's only a matter of
choice in making selections.
The thing a Man or Boy appreciates
most?the things he would buy for himself
?are here in great variety and the picking
is now at its best.
CHOICE GARMENTS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
CORRECT HEADWEAR OF ALL SORTS.
TOGGERY FROM MAKERS, THAT KNOW HOW.
CHOICE OUTFITTING IN ALL THE BEST STYLES.
Our store fairly glows with the spirit of
Christmas, and we promise you the best of
service, looking or buying. Make your
selections early !
The D. J. Chandler Clothing Co.,
Sumter, S. C.