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?UMTfcH WATCHMAN. EetabU
jfetoltdated Aug. 2.188
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Obituaries and tributes of respects
be charged for.
SON TRUSTEES TO MEET.
Is Not Stated, But It Is Sup
That PreoioViit Will be Elect.
Clemeon College. Nov. 29.?Chair
Allan Johnstons has called the
of trustees to meet Thursday,
mber 2. The call does not state
purpose of the meeting, but It U
it that a president and a direc?
tor the agricultural department
I he elected.
WsflKavKY HOUSES HIT HARD.
Holding Up Appeals Affects
Sht counties wet??20 that have
been dry during various periods of
time?one which has had prohibition
fox 40 odd years and IS lately added
10 the prohibition column with the
probability that several of the dis?
pensary counties may be forced dry
by accused and allied whiskey houses
rofaatng to ship their goods Into the
Che whiskey situation In
Alepeneary auditor not
the, claims of a number
This matter was referred to
py. Ansel, who ordered the dlepen
J? hoards In the six counties re tain
'r the dispensaries to hold up the
claims. Just how much was held up
by the order Is not known, but the
amount is estimated at aoout $20,000'
The total amount held up In the dry
counties was about $62,000.
The following are the firms named
In the resolution passed by the com?
mission: Thomas F. McNulty, John
T. Barbae dt Co.; The Jack Cranston
Company; s. Qrabfelder A Co.; Bar?
rett A Co.; William Lanahan A 8ons;
Mallard Distilling Company; Meyer
Pitts A Co.; Strauss. Prltz St Co.;
Blumenthal A Btckert; Cook A Bern
helmer Company, and Frlendnam,
KeMer A Co
The nest awards to be made by the
boards In several of the counties re?
taining the dispensaries will be about
the first of January.
It Is aald that the attorneys for the
above named Arms, In several In?
stances have notified their houses not
to ship any more whiskey Into South
It Is also being talked that the hold
lng-up of the claims by the commis?
sion of the whiskey firms doing busi?
ness with the county dispensaries will
have the effect of causing other whis?
key housee to "shy" at trade with the
dispensaries In this State.
Should the whiskey houses refine
to fill orders contracted for, the dis?
pensaries In several of the wet c um
ties would very probably have to
close, thus leaving the State practi?
cally prohibition for a time at least.
CO.MEs IM>\\\ ON THE HANKS.
Comptroller of the Currency Hay*
N'atkmal Hank* Must In? More
?'ar?-fui In the Future.
Washington. Nov. 30.?All of the
2.500 national banks In the United
States, which now hold board meet
Ins at Irregular and Infrequent In?
tervals, must have monthly meetings
of their boards of directors, must ap?
point examining and discount com?
mittees, and all the loans and dis?
counts of each bank must he ap?
proved by the directors' board at the
monthly meeting, auch approval to
be recorded In permanent form. This
was the pronunclamento of Compt?
roller of the Currency Mug-ay today.
In order to round out his general
pte\a for the directors to control the
bankg under thel iupervlnton, the
Co?n|?troBer ha? asked all of the
banks to acttcnd and forward to the
comptroller's office copies or their
by-lawt as amended.
I shed April, 1850.
'He Just ai
THE TELEPHONE TRUST.
IN DKI'MXDANT WIRE COMPA?
NIES TO MAKE NATIONAL
Will Appeal to President Tuft, and
Courts to be Invoked in Campaign
Against Billion Dollar Merger.
New York. Nov. 29.?Declaring
that President Taft and the highest
courts In the land will be Invoked to
?~heck the monopoly of. communica?
tion that is threatened by the billion
dollar-combine, recently announced
by the Bell telephone trust, repre?
sentatives of the^ independent tele?
phone interest through the conutry
are planning in this city today a na?
tional fight for the principle of open
competition. With $400.000,000 of
the savings of the people of almost
every locality Invested In the Inde?
pendent telephone plants that the
new wire trust Is determined to rule
or ruin, leaders in this movement as?
sert, the interests of the public de?
mand that the government take im?
mediate action against the giant mer?
ger. At a convention of the Inde?
pendent Telephone Association that
has been called in Chicago for De?
cember 7, representative of the 12,
000 "companies, that with 4,000,0000
subscribers are today competing with
the telephone trust, will make a for?
mal protest to Washington against
the restraint of trade that they be?
lieve will be effected by the absorp?
tion of every telegraph interest ly
the Bell system.
To the attorney general of every
one of the many States In which tht y
assert Wall street money is now beirg
used to Illegally force a Bell mono?
poly, the Independent telephone
forces are today proposed to appeal
for protection. Bults to prevent the
acquisition by the telephone trust >f
important systems built by the pe>
petltlon will be fought to the Isst
ditch. Unless the new wire trust is it
once prevented from carrying out Its
schemes to Illegally absorb all com?
petitors throughout the continent, the
independent telephone men prophesy,
the people of the country will soon ')e
forced Into the power of a monopoly
greater and more arbltarary than that
of either the oil, beef or sugar truut.
As a possible rival to the billion
dollar communication trust In the
telegraph and long distance telephone
fields. Independent forces are today
preparing to build a trunk wire sys?
tem that will reach from the Atlan?
tic seaboard to the Missouri river lor
the benefit of the people who use the
telephone exchanges they have built
Independently at home, as well as for
general telegraph business. Unlike
the Bell system, this enterprise will
seek not to kill competition but to
foster and Increase It, it is declared.
Already $50,000,000 have been sub?
scribed towards this plan for pre?
senting the proposed monopoly of the
That the cost of both telephone
and telegraph service will be increas?
ed if the new wire trust obtains a
monopoly is proved already by the
past history of its promoters, the n
dependent teelphone men declare.
Exorbitant rates and elthet poor sir
vlce or none at all were offered by
the Bell combine In all the years of
Its former monopoly through patent
rights, It Is pointed out. As these con?
ditions brought about the birth of he
Independent telephone movement,
they must resume on the Instant of
Its death, It Is urged.
"We feel that we owe a moral as
well as a business obligation to be
army of Americans throughout :he
country who have placed $400,0( 0,
000 of their earning* In the home
telephone plants, built to rid them of
the Bell monopoly," said E. II. Moul
ton, president of the Independent
Telephone Association, in this city to
da>. "We shall exert ourselves In ;v
ery possible way to show the govern?
ment that It, too, has an obligation
to protect these Investors as well as
the 20,000,000 consumers In In le
pendent telephone systems. We shall
not stop our fight for the right of
competition, even with all the Wall
street capital of this new billion dol?
lar trust arrayed against us; but Will
push It to the highest courts and ad?
The site for the postofTice in Un on
has at last been selected after a bit?
ter local controversy.
A cotton mill to cost $250,000 nlll
be built at LowndesvlUe. H. W. Kir
by and James P. Gossett are back of
id Fear not?Let aJl the ends Thou Ah
rER. S. 0., SAT U RE
LORDS DEFY COMMONS.
HOUSE OP LORDS TAKES BUDGET
After Six Days' Debate Upper Cham?
ber ('rentes Situation Unprecedent?
ed in 300 Years by Opposing Will
London, Nov. 30.?-In the sedate,
detached manner characteristic of
proceedings in the gilded chamber,
and In direct disregard of the advice
of some of its ablest and oldest mem?
bers, such as LordS Rosebery, Lord
Morley, Lord James of Hereford,
Lord Cromer, Lord Balfour of Bur
lelgh, the Earl of Lytton. Lord Court?
ney and the Archbishops of Canter?
bury and York, the house of lords
today created a situation unpreced?
ented in English history, at least In
300 years, by refusing formal assent
to the budget bill and referring it
to the country Itself for judgment,
thereby in theory, making it illegal to
collect taxes to carry on the king's
After six days* debate, notable for
the high standard of the oratory, as
well as for the able and convincing
arguments arrayed On both sides for
and against the budget, and placing
in every possible light the aspects of
the great constitutional questions in?
volved, the house of lords cleared for
division at half past 11 o'clock to?
night. The scene was impressive,
but in no sense exciting. None would
have supposed that the event pro?
ceeding was destined not only to
prove memorable in the annals in
British history, but possibly also In?
volving far reaching changes in the
There certanly was unusual ani?
mation in the public galleries, which
were crowded with peeresses, mem?
bers of the house of commons, am?
bassadors and others, but in the
house itself complete calm prevail
jiTh* vote wajTpft Lor4 Landea
to the bill until it had been submit?
ted to the judgment of the country.
When the vote was announced just
before midnight at 350 to 75 In favor
of the amendment, a few mixed
cheers were heard. The Earl of
Crewe immediately moved an ad?
journment, and the house rose. An
eager and expectant crowd were
awaiting the result in the central
hall, and when the figures of the vote
became known there was a slight at?
tempt at counterdemonstrations. The
officials, however, speedily cleared
When division was taken there
was practically no excitement in the
streets althought earlier in evening
considerable crowds gathered in the
vicinity of the house and attempted
a pro-budget demonstration. A large
force of police was in readiness, and
as^soon as the crowd showed a ten?
dency to become unmanageable, the
officers dispersed the demonstrators,
being assisted in this task by a heavy
The day's debate was again dis?
tinguished by oratorical excellence,
particularly the speeches of Lord
Curzon of Kedleston, former viceroy
of India, and the Archbishop of York,
both of which were of exceptional
The archbishop strongly oppose
Lord Lansdowne's resolution, declar?
ing that it would be unprecedented
for the lords to reject a finance bill
passed by the house of commons,
with such a majority.
Lord Curzon was palnly suffering
from his recent Indlspostlon, but in
spite of physical weakness, he spoke
with all his accustomed vigor and
art, He maintained that the lords
had an absolute light to reject the
Earl Caw dor, former first lord of
the admiralty, who wound up the de?
bate for the opposition, maintained
that there had been an attempt to
evade the lord's ancient right to reject
such tax by placing all taxes on one
bill. It was Idle to pretend, he said,
that such a change of procedure by
the house of commons could affect
one lota the responsibilities and du?
ties of the second chamber.
FLORENCE TO HAVE R. R. Y. M.
Offcast Lino to Erect Several Buildings
For Tills Purpose.
Florence, Nov. 30.?Florence is t>
have n Young Men's Christian Asso?
ciation building, and It is to be erect?
ed by tho Atlantic Coast Line Railway
Company. Such is the authentic and
official news received here today by
the Coast Line's district attorney, P.
iis't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ai
?AY. DECEMBER 4.
PtfCHOT IS DEFIANT.
HHROWS DOWN OATJNTLKT TO
HIS CHIEF. BALLINGER.
Chief of Forestry Service Again De?
clares Himself in Regard to Con?
Washington, Dec. 1.?Glfford Pin
chot, chief of the United States forest
service, has again thrown the gaunt?
let to Secretary of the Interior, Bal
linger in the issue between himself
and the latter, in regard to the con?
He declares that congress will have
to decide at its forthcoming session,
whether the great coal fields of the
country shall continue to remain In
the hands of the people or to be gob?
bled up by monopolies, and whether
the great water power sites shall be
given away to special Interests or be
controlled by the people.
Mr. Plnchot makes known his
views upon these two chief sources
of the power of the present and fu?
ture, in a letter to Dr. Lyman Abbott,
of New York, In response to a series
of questions asked by the latter on
"the national conservation policy,"
which was made public today.
Referring to the development of
water power and coal, the govern?
ment forester declared that in most
cases, actual development of the for?
mer can best be done by private in?
terests acting under public control,
but that "it Is neither good sense nor
good morals to let these valuable
privileges pass from the public own?
ership for nothing and forever."
In answer to Dr. Abbott's question,
"what Is the danger to the conserva?
tion policies In the coming session of
congress?" Mr. Plnchot declares that
It Is "that the privileges of the few
may continue to obstruct the rights
of many, especially in the matter of
water and power and coal."
"Congress must decide at this, ses?
sion." Mr. Plnchot says, "whether
the great coal fields, still In public
I ownership, shall remain so, In order
I that thfllr Ij^^ary- not be controlled
4n tl^aWtSfsntlsssifi Injirestg otjfc
Congress must decide also whether
immensely valuable rights to the use
of water power shall be given to spe?
cial Interests in perpetuity and with?
out compensation, instead of being
held and controlled by the public."
"Why is it Important to protect the
water powers?" asks Dr. Abbott, and
In reply Mr. Plnchot po'' is out that
It Is of the first importance to pre
it them from passing into private
ownership as they have been doing,
because the greatest source of power
we know is falling water.
"Undor our form of civilization,"
he says, "if a few men ever control
all the water power they will control
all Industry as well. If they succeed
In controlling all Industry, they will
necessarily control the country. Mr.
Plnchot adds that he can see "no
reason why we Should deliberately
keep on helping to fasten the hand?
cuffs of corporate control upon our?
selves for all time merely because the
few men who would profit by It most
have heretofore had the power to
As one of the essential things that
must be done to protect the water
powers for the people, the granting
of water powers forever, either on
non-navigable or navigable stream:?
must absolutely stop, according to
Mr. rinchot. He declares that "It Is
jttst as wrong as It Is foolish, and
just as needless as it is wrong, to
mortgage the welfare of our children
In such a way as this."
Explaining what conservation
means, Mr. Plnchot declares that it
stands against the waste of the nat?
ural resources which cannot be re?
newed, such as coal and iron; it
stands for the perpetuation of the re?
sources which can be renewed, and
most of all, it stands for an equal op?
portunity for every American citizen
to get his fair share of benefit from
these resources, both now and for?
In discussing "what has conserva?
tion to do with the welfare of the av?
erage man today," It is pointed out
that It "propones to secure a contin
uance and abundant supply of the
necessaries of life, which means rea?
sonable cost and business stability. It
advocates fairness in the distribution
of the benefits which flow from the
Fire Near Darlington.
Darlington, Dec. 1.?Late last night
L, S. Welling'! barn and stables,
about six miles, from Darlington,
with their contents, Including 4,000
bushels of corn and several tons of
cotton seed, were destroyed by fire.
The loss is $10,000, with insurance
The origin of the fire is unknown.
YEAR OH THE FMM8.
SECRETARY WILSONS REPORT
SHOWS GAIN OVER 1908.
Most Prosperous Year?Agricultural
Product* for 1<>()9 Represent Total
Of $8.700.000.000?Corn Crop
Heads the List.
Washington, Nov. 30.?Most pros?
perous of all years Is the place to
which 1909 is entitled in agriculture,
declares the secretary of agriculture
in his 13th annual report, made pub?
lic today. The value of farm prod?
ucts is so incomprehensibly large
that It has become merely a row of
figures. For this year it is $8,760,
000,000, a gain of $869,000,000 over
1908. The value of the products has
nearly doubled in ten years. The re?
port says:. "Eleven years of agricul?
ture, beginning with a production of
$4,417,000,000 and ending with $8,
760,000,000! A sum of $70,000,000,
000 for the period! It has paid off
mortgages, it has established banks,
It has made better homes, it has
helped to make the. farmer a citizen
of the world, and it has provided him
with means for improving his soil
and making it more productive."
The most striking fact In the
world's agriculture 1; he value of
the corn crop for 1009, which is
about $1,720,000,000. It nearly
equals the value of the clothing and
personal adornments of 76,000,000
people, according to the census of
1900. The gold and p'lver coin and
bullion of the United States are not
of greater value. It has grown up
from the soil and out of the air In
120 days?$15,000,00) a day for one
crop, nearly enough for two dread
naughts daily for peace or war. This
trop exceeds in value the aevrage of
the crops of the five preceding years
by 36 per cent.
Cotton is now the second crop in
value, and this year'ti cotton crop is
easily the most valuable one to the
farmer that has been produced. With
cotton lint selling an 13.7 cents on
the farm November I and with cot?
tonseed selling for abaut $25 per ton,
the lint and seed of this crop are
worth about $850,000,000 to the far?
mer. No cotton crop since 1873 has
been sold by farmer* for as high a
price per pound as this one.
Third in value is wheat, worth
about $750,000,000 at the farm, and
this largely exceeds all previous
values. The November farm price
was almost an even dollar a bushel,
a price which has not been equaled
since 1881. This is the third wheat
crop in point of size, with 725,000,000
The hay crop is valued at $655,
000.000; oats at $400,000,000; pota?
toes at $212,000,000; and tobacco at
nearly $100,000,000. Beef and cane
sugar and molasses and sirup, farm
and factory, will reach the total of
about $95,000,000. The barley crop
is worth $88,000,000, flaxseed $36,
000,0000, and 1,000,000,000 pounds of
The production of all cereals com?
bined is 4.711,000.000 bushels, an
amount considerably greater than
that for any other year except 19 06.
It exceeds the average of the preced?
ing five years by 6.5 per cent. The
value of all cereals in 1909 has never
been equaled in a previous year. It
is almost exactly $3,000,000,000. or
34 per cent, above the Ave year av?
Compared with the average of the
previous five years, all principal
crops are greater In quantity this
year except cotton, flaxyeed, hops,
and cane sugar; but without excep?
tion every crop is worth more to the
farmer than the five-year average.
This is the year of highest produc?
tion for potatoes, tobacco, beet Sugar,
all sugar, and rice; next to the high?
est production for corn, oats and all
cereals. Compared with 1908, gains
In value are found all along the line,
the exceptions being barley, buck?
wheat, rye and milk. The increase
for cotton, lint and seed, Is $20S.000,
000; wheat. $107,000,000; corn, $105,
000.000; hay, $29,000.000; oats. $22,
000,000; tobacco, $18,000,000; pota?
toes. $i r, ooo, ooo.
The increase in the value of farm
products this year over 1908. $869.
000,000, i; enough to buy a new
equipment Of farm machinery for
over 6.000,000 farms. The value of
the cereal crops to the farmer would
pay for all Of the machinery, tools,
and Implements of the entire manu?
facturing industry. The value of all
crops $6,700,000,000 would make a
half payment on the value of all
steam railroads, according to the val?
uation Of 1904.
Secretary Wilson concludes his re?
view of the production of 1909 as fol?
lows: "The agricultural production
of 1909 must add muph to the pros?
perity of farmers. The record Is un
?>Yol. XXX. So. 211.
SECRETARY plans sweeping
CHANGES in system.
New Scheme In Resigned (o Give
More Power and Influence to Those
Men Who Actually Fight the Ships.
Washington, Nov. 29.?Heeding
the cry for reform in naval affairs,
Secreatry Meyer day after to-mor?
row will inaugurate the most sweep?
ing changes in the navy department
since the establishment of the bureau
system In 1842. The secretary hopes
to put the department on a business
basis beyond the dreams of predeces?
sors. The keynote of his reform is
the subordination of the bureau
chief of the past.
Summarized, the essential changes
in the Meyer plan are:
The selection of four responsible
advisers on subjects within the four
grounds into which duties of the de?
partment fall, to be known as the aide
for material .the aide for personnel,
the aide for operations o? the fleet,
and the aide for inspection.
The grouping of the bureau Into
two divisions of material and person?
nel according to the nature of their
The establishment of a division of
operations of the fleet.
The establishment of a modern and
efficient cost-keeping system in the
navy department and at navy yards.
The separation of navy yard work
into two divisions of hulls and ma?
The abolishment of the board of
Fighters to the Fore.
Henceforth the officers who fight
the ships are to have more influence
in the navy department.
Chosen men from among them are
to be the official eyes and ears of the
secretary, laden with full responsi?
bility for their reports?but not his
hands. The secreatry will retain his
administrative and executive power
for his own exercise and that of the
assistant secretary of the navy. All
the reforms go Into effect December
1, exeepf * the abollafcenei%e- xtt\#m~
bureau equipment, which congress
alone can do.
The aide for operations of the fleet
will be Rear Admiral Richard Wain
wright. commander of the third divt- ?
sion of the Atlantic fleet.
The aide of personnel will be Rear
Admiral W. P. Potter, now chief of
the bureau of navigation.
The aide of material will be Rear
Admiral William Swift, commander
of the Boston navy yard.
The aide for inspection will be
Capt. Aaron Ward, recently supervi?
sor of New York harbor, who will be?
come a rear admiral on January 9.
Capt. Reginald F. Nicholson, a
member of the board of inspection
and survey, will be made chief of the
bureau of navigation, vice Potter.
Plea of Gompers Granted.
Washington. D. C. Nov. 20.?The
Court of Appeals of the District of
Columbia today granted the petition
of Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell
and Frank Morrison, of the Ameri?
can Federation of Labor ,in the con?
tempt case against them, for a stay
of execution of the mandate of the
Court sending them to jail. The man?
date is stayed indefinitely, pending
appeal to the United States Supreme
John S. Hill, a well-known citizen
of Greenville, Is dead at his home at
the ag of 66 yars
I . II. , .Mil II ?? ? II -
rxamplcd In wealth production and
tells of abundance in quantity/. Year
by year the farmer is better and bet?
ter prepared to provide the capital
and make the expenditures needed
to Improve his agriculture and to ed
UCate his children for farm life and
Of great popular interest are the
results of b unique investigation con?
ducted by the department, which
shows that in 50 cities the total retail
coat Charged to consumers for beef
above the wholesale cost paid by the
retallen averaged 38 pe- cent. The
lower the grade of beef, the greater
was the percentage of gross profit.
In the upward movement of beef
prices the farmer, the report says,
has not shared equally with the
packer, retailer and wholesaler, but
as to hogs, the case is dtfferent, the
farmer receiving nearly his fair share
of the higher prices of pork in the
increased price of his unfed hogs.
Secretary Wilson notes a great for
ward movement in enforcing the
food and drug act, the willingness of
manufacturers to comply with the
laws and to cooperate with the de?
partment, making the work largely
educational. % 'j?