Newspaper Page Text
9 ??Jittbman rc?i ^outbron.
SATURDAY, OECEUBfR 4, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found
?4 In 1850 and the True Southron In
186? The Watchman and Southron
orw has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
A GRACIOUS BENEFACTION.
Of all the bequests for charitable
and other purposes enumerated In
the will of Mrs. Ella Tuomey, none
showed a rtner spirit or a kinder, ten?
der thoughtfulness for her needy fel?
low creatures than that to provide
Christmas cheer for the poor of Sum?
ter. The income from the $3.000 left
In trust to the City Council to be ex
ponded at Christmas each year for
the relief of the poor of Sumter will
brighten the lives of thousands and
bring to them a portion of the Christ?
mas spirit of which they would he
destitute otherwise. There is in this
gift of Mrs. Tuomey something that
appeals to the humanity that Is in us
with peculiar force, and we feel that
It Is the greatest and best of her ben
efatclons. in that for decades and de?
cades to come It will bring gladness
and Joy to numberless hearts at the
season of the year that the po?r and
the children of the poor feel most
bitterly the pangs of poverty. If Mrs.
Tuomey had done nothing else for
charity, this thoughtful remembrance
of the poor at Christmas time is suf?
ficient to place her name on the roll
of those who had thought for the
cnlldren of the poor.
THF BROWNSVILLE INQUIRY.
New Light Thrown on the Raid by
the Military Court.
Brownsville. Texas, Nov. 30.?New
light was thrown on the Brownsville
raid by the Court of Inquiry at to?
day's session and a number of here?
tofore undeveloped points were
brought out, all of which are claimed
to be detrimental to the cause of
4he negro soldiers charged with
"shooting up" the town. Celso Oll
?elr. a former policeman, and Man
ael Morales, formerly tailor at the
poet, were the principal wtnesses.
Ollvelr testified he saw Capt.
Maeklln, whom he know well, pick
lug up scattered catrldge shells the
morning after the raid. At the for?
mer Inquiry Capt. Maeklln testified
that the shells were found In one
place. It being said they were placed
by Citizens in support of a conspiracy
lh?ory. Morales told of a conversa?
tion he had with a negro soldier af?
ter the raid, In which the soldier said
be was sorry, a Mexican hac. been
wounded, as the Americans were the
only ones the nero troops "were af?
Among the other witnesses was
Jos. K. Powers, of San Antonio, for?
merly keeper of the National Ceme?
tery at Fort Brown. Powers said he
bad a conversation with Major Pen
rose, following the shooting, quoting
the latter as saying he would rather
have lost his right arm than have
his men do the shooting, and he
would give a year s pay to know
which soldiers did It.
That the officers of the negro regi?
ment knew the shooting was done by
their men was testified to by Mrs.
Kate Leahy, who said Lieut. Greer
told her the officers recognized the
reports of the high power rifles, but
were afraid to leave their families
to Investigate, believing that the sol?
diers were fighting among them?
selves, as on previous occasions.
The Court of Inquiry concluded Its
hear.ngs here late today, and ad?
journed to meet at a later date in
Washington. The Inquiry will he
completed by hearing such dis?
charged soldiers as may apply for
reinstatement In the army, and who
will be called to testify In their own
Judge Thomas E. Rlcharson has
sn a|| flint and steel musket made
at Harper's Kerry in 1X31. which he
will preserve as a curiosity.
The easiest way to ..i.taln a $100
piano or a $.10 gold wat< h rvt f with?
in \ oir reac h. |s to get busy In the
Mbscriptlon voting contest the lulls
Item Is now conducting.
A tew nights ago some mallclottl
person or per*?tin entered the prem?
ises of W. P. Smith Co. on loutl
Main street ;nnl ??Vi tiu m .1 tomb
?tone? und no>nmuents which w . t.
brokers arid thereby damaged to
( >n?ldt?rnh|ft amount. The iSfSfla
lions were evidently actuated by i
spirit of wanton destru'tl\? ne<s. to;
nothing was stolen from the umrtft
yard. There has been recently ?
f'?fni deal of this sort of going oi
?round town and It would be a gOOX
thing for the community if the dtp
redators could be eaptured and takei
Into court to ;iiimvi i' t<> the Ohan
of malicious mischief. They woul
then see less fun In cutting awalngl
swn'ng rones, breaking sign board
and destroying tomb-stones an
[Farmers' Union News |
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers 8
(Conducted by E. \V. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Suniter M
I County.) rS
The Watchman and Soathron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give tho Union news and otflcial calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of tbe Union are requested to use these* columns.
Also to publish such cllp.?.ngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think tfill be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o. i readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | jblished.
Trusting this Departmewt will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for 1 is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs,
Mayesvllle, S. C. |
A Now Kind of Corn Fro n China.
A small lot of shelled corn, of a
kind that is new to this country, was
sent to the United States Department
of Agriculture from Shanghai, China,
in 1908. When tested it proved to
have qualities that may make it val?
uable in breeding a corn a lapted to
the hot and dry conditiors of the
southwest. The plants ralsid in the
test averaged less than 6 feet in
height, with an average of 12 green
leaves at the time of tassel ng. The
ears averaged 5 1-2 Inches In length
and 4 1-2 inches in greates. circum?
ference, with 16 to 18 rows of small
gialns. On the upper pait of the
plant the leaves are all on one side
of the stalk, instead of belnj? arrang?
ed in two rows on opposite ildes. Be?
sides this, the upper leaves stand
erect, instead of drooping, and the
tips of the leaves are thwrefcre above
the top of the tassel. The sil ts of the
ear are produced at the. pol it where
the leaf blade is joined to the leaf
sheath, and they appear before there
is any sign of an ear except a slight
swelling. This corn is very different
from any that is now produced in
America. Its peculiar value is that j
the erect arrangtment of the leaves j
on one side of the stalk and the ap?
pearance of the silks In the angle
where the leaf blade joins the sheath
offer a protected place in which pol?
len can settle and fertilize the silks
before the latter are ever exposed to
the air. This is an excellent ar?
rangement for preventing th 5 drying
out of the silks before pollination.
While this corn may be of llt'.lc value
Itself, It Is likely that, by cross-breed?
ing, these desirable qualities can be
Imparted to a larger corn, which will
thus be better adapted to tha south?
west. Bulletin 161 of the Bureau of
Plant Industry gives an account of
som cross-breeding experiments
with the new corn and the changes
which crossing produces In the grains
the same season.
English Farms Most Attractive.
In England most of the land is
owned by noblemen, who care quite
as much for the beauty of the farm
as for profit. Much pride is taken in
keeping everything neat and orderly.
No fence corners or hedge r iws are
left to grow up frith weeds or ma?
chinery allowed to stand In the fields.
Covering the whole country is a
network of winding maca lamizcd
roads, lined on both sides With hedge
rows and trees, and leading through
the fields In every direction are foot?
paths. The heather covered hills,
vine clad cottages and cattle dotting
the pastures make a beautiful pic?
ture, not ston forgotten.
The farms contain from ".<> to 3i>0
acres and average about iL* ?. The
rent is $2.50 to $10 per a< re. de?
pending upon the soil. The Valuation
Is considered thirty times the rental.
The English renter is usual y well
to-do, well educated, has h | heart
In the work and is far different from
the European peasant.
Most of the country Is in pasture
or meadow, with a growing tendency
to more glass because of tie dlftV
ruit.v in obtaining; labor, Tl e Eng
llahaaatftj AI I rule, has a much lat?
ter Quality of live stock than Ii lean
in leotland the usual rotation Ii
oats, ??ats, hay. hay, pasture the to
nine yarn. Most of the farmi are
ranted and the rent average! $7.50
per acre. In some sections land ss
Increasing In productiveness! because
tile drains are ? ><>t kept up, and si o
result of lax methods of Linning and
unscrupulous landlord! ralttni tht
rent when a tenant Incri ntoi tie
yields by better farming.
The residence of Muvnr H i Blak?
eney. of Kersh.iw. was pariia 1> d
?tfOyed by tire.
< din If, Rhodes ll suing th | I\\an
by Mills ..f Columbia for $le,00<
damages, lor having put him on tht
blacklist, following a strike In ioot
thereby preventing him from obtain
SOX OF COL. WARD SHOT.
Young Man Wounded Near George?
town While Hunting.
Georgetown, Dec. 1.?Arthur F.
Ward, son of Col. S. M. Ward, was
accidentally shot this afternoon
while shooting ducks on the Santee
River, the wound being serious, but
not necessarily fatal. He was drag?
ging a canoe across a rice Held bank,
when the gun fell and fired, tearing a
hole through the bow of the boat
and striking young Ward in the right
leg. The hunting party was compos?
ed of Mr. F. G. Tarhox, Mr. T. S.
Munnerly and Arthur Ward. Owing
to the timely aid and treatment of
his companions, who are men of
great experience as sportsmen, the
life of Mr. Ward was saved.
WROTE DOWN ACTO S NUMBER.
Chauffeur Caught and Roy Wins a
New York, Nov. 29.?Seven-year
old Arthur Lewis' quick wit In noting
the number of a reckless automobile
earned him a gold medal today.
The medal was presented by the
Highways Protective Association,
which apprciated the lad's alertness
not only in spying out the number,
but in writing it down at the minute
on the sidewalk with a piece of chalk,
which he happened to have in his
The chauffeur, who had knocked
down and seriously injured a young
grocery clerk, was apprehended and
Frank White shot and killed Dave
McKenna in Lanchester County.
Both parties are colored.
BORDERING OH WAR.
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH
Secretory <>i' State Knox Gives Repre?
sentative of That Country lUs
Walking Papers?it Is Now Up
To Congress to Say Whether < r Not
There is tw Be War.
Washington, Dec. 1.?Secretary of
state Knox late today returned the
passports of Felipe Rodrlgue, charge
d'affaires of tho Nicaraguan legation,
with a letter scathingly denouncing
the Zelayan administration of the
government of Nicaragua. The letter
is definitely declared to represent the
views of President Taft and is about
as plain spoken as anything emanat?
ing from the State department In
The extraordinary feature of the
letter is that it seems to evidence an
intention on the part off the United
States to hold President Zelaya per?
sonally responsible for the alleged
torture and execution of the Ameri?
cans, Cannon and Groce, and exhibits
the unique situation of one govern?
ment holdig the chief executive of
another practically as a common
Zelaya is branded as a violator of
solemn international conventions, a
disturber of the national and inter?
national peace, a tyrant whose ad?
ministration has been a blot upon the
name of good government.
Secretary Knox virtually announc?
ed the recognition of the Nicaraguan
revolutionists declaring it to be the
conviction of the United States that
the revolution represents the senti
ments of a majority of the Nicara?
guan people, and that there is evi?
dently no responsible government
with which the United States can
deal. He therefore announces that
all parties will be held accountable
for their actions as affecting the In?
terests of Americans and the peace
of Central America. He further in?
forms Senor Rodriguez that, while he
lost his diplomatic quality, he may
?till serve as an "unofficial" channel
of communication with the govern?
ment which he represents.
This brings the crisis as near to
the status of war as it could be
hr >ught by executive action without
a definite declaration by both houses
of congress which will convene next
Mr. Knox's letter, in all but sc
many words, makes It plain that the
action represents the wish and at?
titude of all of the Central American
States with the single exception of
Honduras, which is regarded here as
entirely dominated by Zelaya. Mexi?
co has all along shown its sympathy
with the United States in this matter.
Just what status the consular rep?
resentatives of the United States in
Nicaragua now enjoy, is not definitely
explained tonight. It is expected,
however, that Vice Consul Caldera
who has been occupying the legation ! R. W. Shealy, an operator in the
in Managua, together with the other - Western Union Telegraph office in
consuls in that country, will be given Anderson, cursed over the telephone
their passports tomorrow. This is the i and was fined $100 in the police
usual method of procedure In case j court.
of such action between governments, ~~mmmmm "~?mi?mm^m?~
_ FOR SALE?600 acres, near State
?The peculiar properties of Cham- hnre' 10 mlles west from Sumter
berlaln's Cough Remedy have been about 400 acres cleared; 12 settle
thoroughly tested ?luring epidemics ments; good water, healthy; well
of Influenae, and when it was taken ; rerited; price $25 an acre. Address
in time we have not heard of a sin- ? , _
gle case of pneumonia. Sold by W. W. j *? L- Box 32C' Chark ton' S'
Slbert. C 11- 4t-ltw
To All Business Men
It you lire a Hanker, ?\Ianufacturer or bead
of some other large corporation or firm, and
wish the best and most up-to-date banking fa?
cilities,?if you wish to establish connections
that will give you credit and standing and a
rating such as the first business houses should
enjoy, then consult the officers ot
M Bank of Sumter
S Nomination IBallot. *
^ I hereby nominate
0 My Name is ^|
Si . M
^ Address. ^
? This nomination ballot, when properly filled out, will count for ?
H 1,000 votes. Only one ballot will he credited to a candidate. M
^ Under no circumstances will the name of anyone making a ^
5 nomination be divulged. ?
? ????????nee it ii )??)???
1 The Ballot. |
M TWENTY-FIVE VOTES FOR X
? M. . ?
)K Address. J/[
jj District. H
! 0 Subject to rules of The Ostecn Publishing Co.'s Contest. Void jps^
j *f after December 15. sj
Red figured effects,
deep shades, in
Silks specially woven.
Slip easily under
all-silk, in aver sixty
plain colors, three
Grand Prize St. Louis World's Fnir
for Quality* Workmnunhip and Stylo
Hear thia Label
THE selection of a suitable
i Christ ma Gift for a Man or
a Boy, is an easy proposition
at this store.
We have so many "just
right" things, that it's only a matter of
choice in making selections.
The thing a Man or Boy appreciates
most?the things he would buy for himself
?are here in great variety and the picking
is now at its best.
CHOICE 6ARMENTS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
CORRECT HEADWEAR OF ALL SORTS.
TOGGERY FROM MAKERS, THAT KNOW KOW.
CHOICE OUTFITTING IN ALL THE BEST STYLES.
Our store fairly glows with the spirit of
Christmas, and we promise you the best of
service, looking or buying. Make your
selections early !
Chandler Clothing Co.,
Sumter, S. C.