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%X PKHIMKNTNS PROVE THAT
THIS STATE'S PRODUCT IS
Chemistry Expert Supplies Some In
mustlng Information Rased on a
Cosnpnrtoon of Corn Grown In
South Carolina, Florida, Mary?
land. Connecticut, New Jersey and
Washington. Dec. 5.?Dr. H. W.
Wiley, chief of the bureau of chem?
istry, department of agriculture, to?
day gave the News and Courier cor?
respondent an Interesting story con?
cerning studies carried on by him
In Florida. South Carolina. Mary
Sand. Connecticut. New Jersey and
Maine, to ascertain when the best
sweet corn cvould be grown. These
experiments covered four years, and
In three of ihem South Carolina
grown corn nhowed better results
than any of the other States In the
This Irterestlng story, however, as
told I . Mr Wiley's own words,
Is as follows:
"In reviewing the Investigation,
the fact that the corn with the high?
est percentage of sugar was grown
In South Carolina seems of prime
Importance. M has always been held
that corn grown In the South soon
lost Its sweetness. South Carolina
held the distinction of producing
the highest percentage of sugar in
the Crosby corn three out of four
years, and In 1906 it was practically
equal to the highest: and for two
of the four years It made the high?
est record with Stowell Evergreen.
In 1907 and 1908, when South Caro?
lina ?tool third. It should be noted
that Florida tnd Maryland were the
stations producing the corn bearing
the hghest sugar content, Connec?
ticut being the lowest. The corn
does not make so vigorous a growth
either In Florida or In South Caro?
lina as it does in Connecticut, but It
to as strong as the Maine corn.
Maryland corn was much more vig?
orous that that grown In Florida,
South Carolina, or Maine, but did
not appear to equal the average
Connecticut corn in slse of stalk.
Hie kernels of Southern-grown
corn do not present the same physi?
cal appearance as that of the North?
ern-grown corn, both the germ and
the kernel being larger .in the form?
Referring to the summary of anal?
yses of iweet corn for .ie four years
190S. 1909. 1907 and 1908. It will be
noticed that the sugar content of
the Crosby variety Is, with a few
exceptions, higher than that of the
Stowell Evergreen. This would be
expected, aa a high sugar content
to characteristic of the Crosby varie?
"Comparing the results of the In?
dividual years. the highest sugar
vcJues are found In 1905 and the
lowest In 1906. and the 1908 aver?
ages are between the two. The ex?
tremely high sugar content of the
corn grown at South Carolina In
1906 and the low percentage found
at New Jersey In 1905 and at Con?
necticut In 1908 are In all probabili?
ty due to the distribution of the
rainfall. It will be rl membered that
during the early stages of growth In
New Jersey In 1905 such a severe
drought ocurrred that the Crosby va?
riety of corn did not reach the edi?
ble condition, and for a time It was
thought that no Stowell Evergreen
would be secured, and at the Con?
necticut station during August 190S.
daring the period when the sugars
are formed. 8.12 Inches fell. During
the growing season of 1906 the rain?
fall was usually heavy all along the
Atlantic coast, and nt each station
the average sugar content was below
the average of 1906. 1907 and 1908.
"i. The content of ?ugar In sweet
Indian corn does not depend 90
much on temperature and length of
day as Is he case with the sugar
beet. In the latter sjsjm the content
of sugar vsrles Inversely with the
temperature, provided tbe latter is
such as to penult ? ? nal growth.
In other words, tbe , ? r the tem?
perature during th?> growing season
(within reasonable limit ) the high?
er the content of gngai This does
nrt appear to be tin 01 | with sweet
Indian corn, since | hlgfcOf avefsuji
content Is found hj Sotttsl Carolina
and Flortdi than In Connecticut, and
"2. The content of sugar In sweet
Indian eon rapidly ? Imbalance after
tii?' ? .i ( < |.,i lit i ! i ? .m t he stalk.
The speed >f the dim n ill >u depends
largely on the leenperatorO, being
more rapid with a hUher an?! slow
? r with ,i b.wer ?empei;ituie! this
rule, of oonrca applies t.? ordinary
conditions. This disappearance of
the sugar is doubt lex? due to tin
continued growth mi ihe gratai af
the ear and the transformation of
the gar which th. \ contain Into
starch ir some nthei lotrn of turn
Siicchnrlne enrhohydr t. 8*901 In?
dian c m Intended for the tabb
lh?,refore. should I" harvested as
?!i ?rt ? tlsXM a* notlhle before bei'i
delivered lor consumption, and dur?
ing the Intermediate period should
be kept at as low a temperature as
c?ni be secured wbhout freezing.
"8. The chief value of Indian
corn for the table Is found in its
sweetness, although this mvst be
coupler with succulence and tender?
ness. The flavor of the naturally
sweet Indian corn can not be suc?
cessfully imitated by the artificial
addition of sugar. Hence it follows
that there is some particular form
in which the sugar is combined by
nuture In the corn which gives It Us
high value, and mere sweetnesj, pro?
duced either by added cane sugar or
by saccharine, does not give the rlne
flavor of a naturally sweet product.
"4. The chief difference be?
tween the Indian corn of the ex?
terne North and that of the extreme
South 1? found not so much In Its
content of sugar as In its succulence,
the lower temperature of the North
making the corn more tender and
edible for a longer period than the
extremely high temperatures of the
South. The season, therefor?, dur?
ing which the green Indian corn can
be used nnd kept In good condition
is longer In the North than it is in
the South, In other words, the ri?
pening process is not so rapidly
completed In the North. Further, al?
though the Southern grown corn
was superior In sugar convent It
was Inferior in yield and general
physical appearance. It would ap?
pear, however, that the superiority
In sugar content of Southern corn
opens up a possibility of acclimating
the most favorable varities and by
selection and careful cultivating
greatly Improve the Southern-grown
"5. Of all the factors of the en?
vironment which affect the edible
quality of green Indian corn it ap?
pears that the amount and distribu?
tion of rainfall are the most Impor?
tant. A moderate and well-distrib?
uted rainfall, especially during the
growing season, Is necessary to pro?
duce a crop having the best qualities.
Excessive rainfall In the latter part
of the growing season or a great
deficiency during the germinating
and growing period equally inter?
feres with the excellence of the
crop. Naturally a larger rainfall is
needed In the Southern than in the
Northern States, and In fact it seems
to be more Important that it be
evenly distributed there. This idea
leads to the suggestion that the
very best results In the growing of
sweet Indian corn for consumption
I K , i ?
in the green state may be looked for
In the irrigated regions, where the
supply and distribution of water are
under absolute control. The cost of
land, however, in such localities Is
so great as to render farming more
expensive, and hence the great areas
devoted to the production of green
Indian corn will probably continue
to he found in the northern portions
of our country where usually the
rainfall during the growing period Is
distributed In such a manner as
produces the best crop. The great
areas of sweet corn will, therefore,
?till be found on the Atlantic coast
from Maryland North and In the
northern parts of the States border?
ing the Ohio River, and even touch?
ing In some places, the Canadian
"6. From the data which have
been recorded and from the general
summary It Is evident that the
graphic representations of the In?
fluences of environment In the case
of green Indian corn are not so val?
uable as was the case with the sugar
oeet. The curves showing variations
In temperature, latitude, and alti?
tude, the amount of sunshine and
the quantity and distribution of the
rainfall, can not be so readily com?
pared wtih the lines showing the
sugar content as In the case of the
sugar beet.?News and Courier.
?The greatest danger from In?
fluenza Is of its resulting In pneu?
monia. This can be obviated by using
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, as it
not only cures Influenza, but counter?
acts any tendency o; the disease to?
wards pneumonia. Sold by W. W.
A .Magnificent Gift.
A f?-w day ago. a Mrs. Tuomey of
Sumter died In Baltimore. When
her will was opened it was found
that she had left the sum of $35,000
to the Sumter hospital.
lb r husband had already given
th?> hospital property which now has
a valuation of over $100,000. This
with her gift makes the hospital be?
Truly a magnlfiesnl gift
And nothing better eould hardly
haVS been devis? d for the good of all
their follow-creatures in and around
If some noble Greenwood citizen
m>w should rsnv mher the nssd ??f ?
hospital hart nnd do the sam<\ need
not die to do It though, what a glor?
ious uirt it would be -Greenwood ln
'Many persons find thsmsolves ?f?
ftet?'! with a persistent oough sftei
to Attack of influenza. As this COUgh
can bs promptly cured by the use of
Chamberlain's. Cough Etemedyi it
should nof be allowed to run on until
it beeomes troublesome. Sold by VV.
DEMONSTRATION WORK EX?
Leader of the Farm- Demonstration
Movement In South Carolina Teils
Young Men at Carolina About His
Work mid What It Means to the
Columbia, Dee. 6.?"Demonstration
Work" was treated by Prof. Ira W.
Williams, of the United States farm
demonstration department, In an ad?
dress before the students of the Uni?
versity of South Carolina this morn?
He said, in part:
"We realize in the demonstration
work that we must begin in the
home. So we begin with the home
by sending to two or three homes In
different communities to the best far?
mers in those communities, a man
trained to instruct them how to grow
better crops on their land. Not only
do we send the man to In' ict the
people how to grow these ci.jps, but
we then furnish him regularly from
Washington literature on every sub?
ject pertaining to his life on the
farm. These farmers are called
demonstrators and the man who vis?
its him Is called an agent. We have
an agent for each county and he is
supposed to place as many farms ov?
er the county in different communi?
ties as it is possible for him to visit.
These farms are considered object
lessons in the community. They are
places where they can meet and hear
the subjects discussed at different
times when the agent visits the com?
munity. We are not able to take all
the people as demonstrators. Not
but a very small per cent of them
can become actual demontsrators
and I would say right here that not
anything like the amount of appli?
cants that we have is it possible for
us to take; but in addition to the
demonstrators we have what we call
co-operators, men who sign up con?
tracts to receive the literature and
instruction and carry it out on a part
of their farm, meet at the home of
the demonstrator whenever possible,
keep an accurate record of what he
does and make a report on the same.
We realize that writing bulletins and
making speeches and holding insti?
tutes do not reach the masses of the
people and have adopted this method
in order to reach them. But in ad?
dition to reaching them in this way
we hold numerous meetings and dis?
cuss agricultural problems of every
ktndr, stock raising, dairying, pousjky,
horticulture, rotation of crops,' ex?
plain and have put into practice the
latest and most scientific develop?
ments that are discovered for the
development and building up of the
"We have now in the State of
South Carolina about thirty agents
working in about thirty different
counties of the State. These agents
have under their direction about l>
ODO men carrying out our Instructions
on a portion of their farm. In addi?
tion to this force of men, we have
Inaugurated another system of work,
which Is proving to be a great bene?
fit to the country, that is what we
call the school boys demonstration
work. The boys organize themselves
Into clubs and agree to cultivate an
acre of corn or cotton, according to
the directions sent out by the depart?
ment. Prizes are given by the people
of the community for the best acre
of corn, for the best selection of ten
ears of corn, twenty and five, etc. and
In this way the young people, or the
boys, are learning an Immense
amount about agriculture that their
fathers never knew. I might say
here that one boy in South Carolina
this year under our direction pro?
duced 152 1-2 bushels of corn to the
acre, and will be given by the depart?
ment a trip to Washington and be
shown the city, the different depart?
ments, and be given an Introduction
to the Secretary of Agriculture and
the President of the United States. I
am glad to say also that this boy,
when he meets the representatives
from the other States, will have pro?
duced more corn per acre than any
of the boys who will meet him in
"The men from the University
have been in the past the leaders in
shaping the purpose of the govern?
ment of the State. This will be your
mission in the future. There are nu?
merous problems of government that
will demand your attention, whether
you are farmer, merchant, banker or
lawyer, or preacher. There are some
problems now connected with the
agricultural industries of the State
that I would like to call to your at?
tention. In order that we may solve
In the most rapid way possible some
of the problems that confront us In
raising the power of production of
tin- massei <>i* the people we need to
establish agricultural schools, secon?
dary schoola or Utting schoola In the
rural districts. These schools would
most directly t>?u<i? the life of the
people and the young tuen and young
ladies of the different communities
would receive a great deal of prac?
tical training Utting them for the de?
velopment of life in their community
thiit at present we fall to receive.
Less than 1 per cent, or one out of
every hnudrtd hoys who are turned
In our public schools at present ever
go to college, and of this number
very few are from the farm. If we
had suitable fitting schools it would
be a great help to Clemson College as
well as the boys for the University
or any other colege that they might
wish to attend. So as I said before
it *eems to me to be an important
problem In the rural development of
the State to build these schools, to
equip men for practical life as well
as fit them for school should they
desire to go.
"The cultivation of the soil is now
and always has been, as shown by
historical facts, to be the most im?
portant industry of any thriving
State; but today, when there is no
more West and there are no more
worlds to conquer the soil and the
man are of vastly more importance
than in all the history of the past.
"In considering the question of ser?
vice to your country think of these
facts. When our natural resources
are wasting away and we expect to
hold our place commercially among
the nations of the world, we must
look to our soil and the development
of the people in the rural districts.
The man on the farm is the key?
stone of our national greatness,
Whether or not he is built up and
maintained in the rural districts with
his home on the farm Is now and al?
ways has been the final test of every
"South Carolina has been a leader
of the States of the Union in the past.
It is the purpose of Dr. Knapp and
the object of his work to make her
a leader in industrial development
and agriculture in the future. Na?
ture has been doing her part. She
has given us the soil, the water, the
air and the sunshine. If she is to
lead in the future her leadership has
got to come from new boys who, with
the right spirit and ideas, determine
now to serve her and make her the
leader of States."
EXPLOSION COSTS MANY LIVES.
More Tlian Score of Workmen Perish
In Accident at Hamburg.
Hamburg, Dec. 7.?The explosion
of two gas tanks in the so-called
"Kleine's Grasbrook," on the Elbe
front this afternoon was followed by
an extensive fire and the loss of
many lives. The explosion was due
to a leak In a new gasometer. Escap?
ing gas entered the retort house,
where it came In contact with the
fires, causing a terrific explosion. A
large number of workmen were en?
gaged in rebuilding and enlarging the
plant. Twenty-five of the men were
employed near the gasometer. They
disappeared in a mass of flames
which shot up to a great height.
Firemen with apparatus appeared
quickly on the scene, but they were
unable to approach in large force,
owing to the isolated situation of the
Up to a late hour tonight, ten men
are reported dead and seventeen mis?
sing. It is almost certain that all of
these are dead. Forty men were
dangerously injured, of whom several
TOBACCO SEASON CLOSED.
Crop Greatest Ever Raised in This
Columbia, Dec. 7.?The tobacco
season in South Carolina has now
closed. The year ending with eight
warehouses having any transactions
during the month of November. This
has been the greatest tobacco crop
in the history of the State, aggregat?
ing 31,820,501 pounds, which went
on the market for $2,315,107.33 to
the producers at first hand. This
crop has exceeded any preceding
crop in the history of the State by
6,735,501 pounds. The figures given
are not for all of the tranactlons
taking place In the warehouses, but
for the actual number of pounds of
tobacco produced and sold in the
market by the farmer during the
?The peculiar properties of Cham?
berlain's Cough Remedy have been
thoroughly tested during epidemics
of influenza, and when it was taken
in time we have not heard of a sin?
gle case of pneumonia. Sold by YV. W.
H. L. Blackman, a telephone line?
man, was badly injured at Rock Hill
by a telephone pole falling on him.
?A sprained ankle w ill usually dis?
able the Injured poison for three or
four weeks. This ll due to lack of
proper treatment. When Chamber*
Iain's Liniment is applied a euro
may be effected in three or four days.
This liniment is one of the best and
most remarkable preparations in
use. Sold by W. W. Slbert.
There were two homicides in An?
derson County Saturday. Bob Wright
shot and killed his wife and Leuna
Powers shot and killed her husband,
*lf you ore suffering from bilious?
ness, constipation, indigestion, chronic
headache, Invesl one cent In :i postal
eard, send to Chamberlain Medicine
Co., Des M<>i"es. Iowa, with your
name and address plainly on the
back, and they will forward you ?
free sample of Chamberlain's Stom?
ach and Liver Tablets. Sold by W. W.
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
simitating the FoorJaiKlRc^ula
ting Ute Stomachs afilBoweis of
ness and Rest?ontains ncitncr
Opium .Morphine norMiaeral.
Bi Carbonate ScJa*
Him Seed -
Aperfect Remedy forConsRpa
t ion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea
Worms .Coiwulskms Jcverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature of
NEW YORK. I
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
i Atb months old
Guaranteed unter the Fbodj
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
TNB OINTAWB ?MMRV, NtW YORK ClTf.
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a doze 1, or
a hundred of 'em? No better place
to get them for miles around than
right here. We have the goods at
saving prices and can deliver them
quickly and correctly. This is a de?
pot for such building materials. Wo
have a 'phone and ve want your or?
The Semter Door, Sash & IM Factory,
J. W McKeiver
Birnie's Drug Store,
6 W. Liberty St. Stjmter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUME - AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLE-, COM HS AND
BRUSHES, PATEN I MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' UNDk IKS A
FULL LINE OF t IG Ah AND
TOBACCO. v :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE n IHUKf GOODS.
f ur stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
To All Business Men
It you are a Bank?
of some ot her lar
wish the best ana in
cilities, if you \vi>l
that will t^ive you \ \
rating such as the Iii
enjoy, then consult 1
k mtj fa?
??Ml I II I
The Farmers' Bank and rust Co.,
Has the largest capital st<>< I
ty with a rapidly growing
commodating set of oflici ?I?.
patrons the very best that -
s ve and ac