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DR. COOK'S STORY.
iraw YORK GRAFTERS MAKE
A Broker end a Sea Captain Swears
That Dr. Cook Hired Them to Make
a Oerie? of Faked Polar Observa?
tion* to Balast up Hla Calm* of
Arctic Exploration and the Dlscov
cry of the Pole?They Betray the
Crooked Scheme Because They
Were Not Paid In Full.
New York. Dec. 9 ?The affidavits
by Oeo. H. Dunkle, a broker, Capt.
August n\V. Loose, a seaman, the two
men assorting that Dr. Cook hired
them for $4,000 with the promise of
an additional bonus of $500 to one
of them to fabricate astronomical
observation* and calculations of lati?
tude and longitude for submission to
the University of Copenhagen, were
published In the New York Times this
morning. The men admit that their
reason for making the affidavits was
that the explorer only paid them
$9*0 for their work.
Dunkle tells how he met Dr. Cook
and caused him to become Interested
In Loose. Dunkle aays that they
went to Dr. Cook with the idea that
he wanted some one help him pre?
pare the evidence clever enough to
fool the Danish Savants. The two
men decided that the explorer's ori?
ginal narrative bore traces of fraud
and that Dr. Cook would welcome
the right kind of assistance in carry?
ing out the "bluff." Alao. there la
evidence that Dunkel intended to re?
serve the lion's share of the spoils
Danes Defend Dr. Cook.
Copenhagen, Dec. 9.?The sum?
mary of the affidavits of persons
claiming to have aided Dr. Frederick
A. Cook In preparing his Polar data,
published In London and New York
today, was read here with amuse?
Scientific circles are Inclined to be
Incredulous regarding the charges
and some persons, like Dr. Carl
Burrau, the astronomer, consider
them so Improbable that their effect
will be to strengthen the confidence
IR Dr Pook.
In an interview Dr. Burrau Mid;
??Passages In th.- story give me the
impression that the matter is thor?
oughly untrustworthy. In order to
e observations at tne North Pole
more extended and detailed know?
ledge Is necessary that is enjoyed by
the average ship's captain.
"It will be easy for the University
to determine the truth of the charges.
The committee o* six which will ex?
amine the Cook records will begin
work the end of the present week."
Capt. Ijooee Talk*.
New York, Dec. 9..?Capt. A. W.
Loose, master pilot and navigator
who made the affidavit that he for?
mulated a series of observations and
data for Dr. Cook at Dr. Cook's re?
quest since his return from the Arc?
tic regions, talked today at his home
In Brooklyn concerning the state?
ments made In the affidavits.
"I went to Dr. Cook," said Capt.
Loose, "thinking I might assist him,
but never expected to do much ex?
tended work. A short talk with Dr.
Cook convinced me that he knew al?
most nothing about navigation. He
was Ignorant of some of the essen?
tials of the science.
"A person not accurate might have
though himself at tho i'ole wlon
only within sixty miles of it. As I
got deeper into the matter I began
to suspect Dr. Cook was never out of
sight of land."
? 'apt. Loose said that the writing
down of seconds in Dr. Cook's re?
ports of the observations did not
show a "skillful attempt to deceive."
Asked whether he thought It possi?
ble for Dr. Cook to declare these cal?
culated observations by Capt. Loose
simply for comparison of his own,
Capt. Loose said that "Dr. Cook will
probably say this, but why did he
Mt4 any such calculations and reck?
onings backward as I made for him?
"Why did he need any one to
make the calculations f >r him If he
went to the Pole and to?:k careful ob?
servations on the way to and from
An enthusiastic new county rally
was held In Dillon Frldny. The crowd
was estimated at 1,500.
8TATK OF OHIO, CITY OF TO?
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that
he Is senior partner of the firm of F.
J. Cheney it Co., doing business in
the (Mty of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid, and that said firm will pay
the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL?
LARS for each and every case of
Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
use of Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
In my presence, this 6th day of De?
cember, A. D.. 1886.
(Seal.) A. W. OLEASON,
Halls Catarrh Cure Is taken Inter?
nally, and acts directly on the blood
and mucous eurfacea of the system,
?end U> t? siimonlal" fre ? .
r. i ( i i WH I v Ac CO., Tol#4< ? 1?
?old by all Druggists. 76c
rake Ha': | Family rm? fey e n
TO KW ITZE R L A N 1> BY WATER.
Scheme Of a Swiss Seaport No Long?
er Reermrded As a Dream.
(From Moody's Magazine.)
The first steamer coming by sea
from a foreign country to Switzerland
has arrived at Basle. It was a pleas?
ure vessel built in London for the
Navigation Company of the Lake of
Lucerne, sent directly by water from
England to Basle, whence it was tak?
en by rail up to its destination.
This is the first vessel to come to
Basle by sea and up the Rhine, but
it is probable that It will soon be fol?
lowed by others and that before long
a regular service will be established.
There is no doubt that Switzerland Is
anxious to have a seaport, and that
from the point of view of her exterior
commerce, especially it would be
greatly to her advantage.
Consequently the scheme for the
canalization of the country, linking
the great lakes with the Rhine and
the Rhone, so that vessels of consid?
erable draft could pass from the
North Sea to the Mediterranean via
Basle, the Lake of Neuchatel and
Geneva, Is receiving serious attention.
The government is willing to expend
a large sum of money upon the nec?
essary work, and the natter has gone
so far that it can no longer be re?
garded merely as a dream.
Winning Fight Against Camionlsm.
In spite of all that President Taft
says in defence of the regulars, the
revolt continues to spread and Can
nonlsm Is doomed, says a writer in
Success Magazine. Secarcely a day
passes now that we do not hear of
further disaffection f *om the ranks
of the house oligarchy. Congress?
man Fowler's attack on Speaker
Cannon made a lasling impression
upon the public mind. Congressman
Herbert Parsons has given the dis?
graceful details of Cannon's deal with
Tammany Hall last spring to save
the house rules from defeat. From
the States where the insurgents grow
comes the gratifying news that the
people propose to defeat the organi?
sation men now in congress and to
send to the next congress either pro?
gressive Republican) or Democrats,
pledged te renounce Cannon and all
bis works. Th. re bj every indication
that the movement to which this
magazin and its readers gave assit
ance 111 Id early stages is soon to cul?
minate in sweeping out of power not
only Cannon, but his whole crew of
obstructionists and x>rruptlonists.
Why is it necessary that the pro?
gressive people of the country direct
united opposition against one un?
happy, narrow, bitter old man?
It is not because he is Cannon, but
because of the big thing in the dark
rvhlch he, represents the effort of
great corrupting organizations to
keep hold of the government and
throttle all the democratic strivings
of the people. The most vital mov?
ing force in America, today, however,
is the desire of the people to be prop?
erly represented in their government.
The marvelous growth of the direct
nominations idea is an indication of
thds; thi fact that thirty-one legis?
latures have declared for popular
election of senators is a significant
phase of it. The spread of the com?
mission government Idea, the initia?
tive, referendum and recall, all indi?
cate the same thing. And the people
have come to realize that they are
not represented in congress so long
as Cannon, representing a dangerous
hidd? n oligarchy, is Intrenched behind
impregnable rules and blocks legis?
The marvelous growth of the
country demands legislation along
grander, freer lines than anything we
have yet conceived. We must make
our gret t corporations servants of
the people, not dictators. We must
go Into Irrigation on a great nation?
al scale, and provide homes for mil?
lions of new people. We must con?
serve our forests and our waterways,
reform our court procedure, our tar?
iff system and our currency. Against
all these things Cannon stands op?
posed. He must be removed, not
painlessly, but violently enough to
clear the passageway. The coming
session of congress will show Inroads
upon his power. The election, less
than a year away, Will mark his com?
A Missouri clergyman had In his
pastoral dock a member who was re?
luctant about meeting the contribu?
tion basket. The pastor had thrown
out many broad hints, but all to no
One day the rr ember fell 111 and
was taken to the Ensworth hospital.
When the clergyman arrived the man
was delirious. While the pastor was
sitting beside his bed a wild yell of
"Fire! Fire!" came from across the
The sick man drew himself upon
his elbows. "Where?(where am I?"
he asked excitedly.
"Calm yourself, brother," soothed
the p ttOT Wlttl |usi fnin*"?*
iwtaklt In bis eye u ui ^'iii at
th. Knewortk hospital!" Llppln
THE METHODIST CONFERENCE.
Choice of Bishops on Another Plan
Abbeville, Dec. 9.?The second
day's session of the Methodist con?
ference was called to order at 10
o'clock today by Bishop Wilson, Rev.
J. B. Wilson, conducted religious ex
Messrs. G. C. Hodges and W. L.
Gray, lay delegates, were substituted
for Messrs. R. B. Bushton and J. F.
A telegram from the Baptist State
convention at Anderson sending
greetings was read and a response
Dr. Walling introduced a resolution
memorial to the general conference,
asking that no bishop be elected ex?
cept by a two-thirds vote. Bishop
Wilson said that it was a dangerous
? hing, as two-thirds could hold up
the general conference until they
elected their man. It went to the
Ronald A. Rouse was discontinued
on account of ill health. The classes
of the second, third and fourth
years were advanced and made their
The credentials of Paul A. Sever?
ance, a local preacher of the Flor?
ence district was surrendered to the
The first bdlot for delegates to the
general conference was taken result?
ing in the election of C. C. Feather
stone, G. C. Hodges and H. P. Wil?
liams, lay delegates. The selection
of the next place of meeting caused
a lively tilt betweeen the friends of
Bennettsville and Charleston, the
vote being 112 to 112 and on roll call
Charleston won 126 to 124. This was
made unanimous. The vote for the
ministerial delegates was not an?
The South Carolina Conference His?
torical Society, made up of members
c-f the conference, held the usual an?
nual meeting last night, and heard a
learned and able address from the
lips it f Rev. J. B. Tray wick, who has
fcr forty-four years gone up and
down the State as a circuit rider, and
who is as fit as any one who could
have been selected to deliver an ad?
dress from the subject selected: "Thfl
Place of the Local Preacher in ihe
Building of Methodism." After stat?
ins the subject and setting the pace
for the evening as an historical
speaker, Mr. Traywick read short his?
torical or biographical sketches of
about fifteen representative local
preachers, all now dead, and among
these he mentioned especially such
men as Mark Boyd, Conrad Plyler,
Benj. Wofford, Lucius Bellinger, Wil?
liam H. Smith, father of the late
Bishop A. Coke Smith, Miles Jcy,
William K. Breeden, Samuel J. Be?
then, James Moon, Wright Wilson, C.
V. Barnes, Lewis J. Crum, Henry
Spann, William Milllnlx and William
At the close of the address the fol?
lowing officers for the ensuing con
last autograph letter of Dr. James H.
Browne, president; J. B. Yongue,
secretary and treasurer, and H. B.
Browne was also unanimously elect?
ed lecturer for the next annual meet?
On the call of gifts to the society
tVu> following valuable articles War*
presented: By Dr. O. E. Watson, the
last autograph letter of Dr. Jam?.- N
Carlisle, it being the letter written in
response to the telegram sent him by
the conference at its last session. By
Rev. J. B. Tongue, a copy of che
Testament printed in Cherokee, which
was given to a lady in Walhalla b?
Chelf John Bushyhead. By Rev J.
L. Tyler, a copy of the Bible that
was the property ' of Zion Church,
Fort Mott circuit, containing the
names of the pastors of that eh'jrchi
which was taken by.some ofShet
n an's men and recaptured from
them. Also a pamplet of a late date,
by Rev. Henry Stokes.
CONFERENCE WON'T DIVIDE.
Abbevillo, Dec. 10.?The third
day's session of the Methodist confer?
ence convened at 10 o'clock today,
Rishop Wilson presiding and J. L.
Stokes conducting the morning devo?
tions. The ballot for clerical dele?
gates elected E. O. Watson, John O.
Wilson and R. E. Stackhouse, and
the second ballot for lay delegates
elected H. M. Synder, Q. W. Gruber
and B. G. Gregg.
Doctor R. G. Waterhouse and W.
W. Plnson were introduced. The fol?
lowing young men were admitted on
trial: J. A. McGraw, J. L. Singleton,
P. K. Rhoad, G. T. Rhoad, E. R. Ma?
son, J. W. Lewis, J. P. Simpson and
N. D. Metts.
Rev. D. M. MeLeod Introduced a
resolution to divide the conference at
1910 general conference, making the
Broad river the line across the State.
Dr. J. O. Wilson opposed it, and on
a rising vote It was defeated 88 to
W. R. Osborne and F. C. Gary were
olected alternates lay delegates to
the general conference.
A number of committoe reports
wero read and S. A. Nettles was re
elected The Advocate's editor,
TrtM mri'ii'l I diot for c1mJc.iI dele
l to to the general oonforenco w&i
without result as well as the second
and third ballot ior lay alternate.
Dr. Jackson, of the Juvenile Pro?
tective Association, addressed the
conference and took a collection for
the work. C. L. Durant was elected
lay alternate on the last ballot
SNAKES IMMUNE TO VENOM.
liegend of Their Stinging Themselves
To Death Is Disproved.
An increasing knowledge of the es?
sential principle of the poisons se?
creted by the snake, the scorpion, by
some fishes, by bees, by wasps and
spiders, has dissipated at least one
tradition, which is that snakes or
scorpions when surrounded by a ring
of fire will sting themselves to death.
All these poisons disclose similari?
ties to those which are developed
and secreted by what we regard as
poisono-? microbes. They are In gen?
eral specific products of living cells,
and are described as very poisonous
and uncrystalizing colloids. Their
chemical constitution is very complex
and in many cases is unknown; they
are very susceptible to heat and light,
and they can seldom resist the chem?
ical action of the digestive juices of
animals?which explains why most
of them are innocuous when swal?
lowed in small quantities.
There Is a great variety of these
poisons. That of the serpent alone
contains at least half a dozen differ?
ent poisons, each with a specific ac?
tion, sometimes on the nerves, some?
times on the white corpuscles or
phagocytes. It Is possible by inject?
ing Into an animal with very small
doses of these poisons to raise it
gradually to a state when It can re?
sist the poisonous effect of larger and
larger quantities of venom. In short,
an animai can be "vaccinated" with
snake venom till it reaches a point
when it is immune from its poison?
ous effects. It thus is given an arti?
ficial or acquired immunity as effec?
tive as that of animals, which are
When an animal is either artificial?
ly or naturally immune from snake
venom, we infer that it has in its
blood or glands a substance which is
an antidote to the poison. Snakes
themselves are particularly provided
with such antitoxins. In fact, so
markedly is the case that it is impos?
sible to kill a venomous snake by in?
oculating it with the venom of the
same species. Thus, as M. L. Fred
erlco points out in the Revue An
j huelle de Physiologie, the suicide of
any venomous animal by inoculating
itself with its own venom is a physio?
logical impossibility, because all such
animals are immune from the effects
of the poison.?London Post.
A Policeman's Testimony.
*J. N. Paterson night policeman of
Nashua, Iowa, writes: "Last winter I
had a bad cold en my lungs and tried
at least half a dozen advertised cough
medicines and had treatment from
two physicians without getting any
benefit. A friend recommended Fo
ley's Honey and Tar and two-thirds
of a bottle cured me. I consider it
the greatest cough and lung medicine
in the world." Sibert's Drug Store.
A Splendid Record.
Many times since his term of office
began has the Attorney General jus
tilled the confidence of the majori.y
who elected him. Soon after he be?
gan his term he Induced the Su?
preme Court to reverse itself in an
important case involving a consider?
able State revenue. On Saturday he
again won a signal victory before the
same tribunal. He has won practi?
cally every case during his term ex?
cept the trial of Farnum and he is
not through with him yet. It will be
ncticed that his fights aga*nst (he
railroads and insurance companies,
brilliant though they have been do
not elicit the praise and support
from certain journals that are his in
the fight against the discredited dis?
Rich Men's Gifts Are Poor
?Besides this: "I want to go on rec?
ord as saying that I regard Electric
Bitters as one of the greatest gifts
that God has made to woman, writes
Mrs. O. Rhinevault, of Vestal Center,
N. Y., "I can never forget what It
has done for me." This glorious med?
icine gives a woman buoyant spirits,
vigor of body and jubilant health. It
quickly cures nervousness, sleepless?
ness, melancholy, headache, backache,
fainting and dizzy spells; soon builds
up the weak, ai.ing and sickly. Try
them. 50c at Sibert's Drug Store.
"Clothes doan'd make der man, but
dey makes udder men dink he Is, so
der odds (s der difference.*'?Success
ALONE IN SAt Ul i T MID
?Unm^ndfjul of drafts,
storms or cold, W. worked
as Night Watch Banner
Springs, Tenn. Su ) gave
him a severe cold 1 on his
lungs, At Jast he ve up
work. He tried r les but
all failed till he us 's New
Discovery. "After bottle
he writes, "I went I ork as
well as ever." Sev ubborn
coughs, inflamed t 1 sore
lungs, hemorrhaj ti > and
whoonlng cough gt ief and
pi om pi curs fi om ' oc<
ein?. 60s and |1 . bottle
free, guaranteed b Drug
Btore* ^ ?
The Kind Ton Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
, jf. - and has been made under his per*
^7JCJ&lrT^AS 8011411 supervision since its infancy*
1 Jig Allow no one to deceive yon in this*
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good " are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTORIA
Oasforia is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Karcotie
subs tance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's FiiencL
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Haie Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TMS ?KNTAUR OOMMHT, TT MURRAY ST NC CT. NEW TOUR CtTT.
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a dozen, od
a hundred of 'em? No better plac^
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right here. We have the goods a^
saving prices and can deliver themj
quickly and correctly. This is a de
pot for such building materials. W<
have a 'phone and we want your 01
The Sumter floor, Sash & Blind Factory
J. W. McKeiver, - - Proprietor
Birnie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES [AND FINE
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OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
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To All Business Men
It you are a Banker, Manufacturer or head
of some other large corporation or firm, and
wish the best and most up-to-date banking fa?
cilities,?if you wish to establish connections
that will give you credit and standing and a
rating such as the first business houses should
enjoy, then consult the officers of
& Bank of Sumter.
The Farmers' Bank and Trust3[Co.,
Has the largest capital stock of any bank'in Sumter Coun?
ty with a rapidly growing surplus, a progressive and ac?
commodating set of officials, it is able and ^guarantees it's
patrons the very best that's to be had in the way of conser?