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Ubt ??lucbman anb J^outbron.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In 1860 and the True Southron In
list. The Watchman and Southron
mow has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium in Sumter.
One of Our Croat Wastes.
The \alue of the excrement of our
domestic animals is far from being
appreciated. For instance, the Uni?
ted States Department of Agriculture
estimates that on January 1, 1909.
there were in the States of North
Carolina. South Carolina and Virginia
964.000 horses and mules. 1.984,000
cattle. 2.889.000 hogs, and 797.000
sheep. The estimated average value
of the manure of these animals for a
year la as follows: Horses. $27; cat?
tle, $20; hogs. $8; sheep, $2. This
gives an annual value to the manure
of these animals in the three States
named of $89,319,000. Probably one
half of this value is lost, but If we
estimate the loss as one-third, we an?
nually waste or neglect to save sta?
ble manure to the value of $29,773.
The trouble of feeding live Btoc*
and handling manure and the ease
with which commercial fertilizers
can be bought, have developed an in?
difference to the making ind saving
of farm manures, while the losses
from that made are so general and
constant as to escape notice.?Pro?
Wasting Labor In Other Ways.
In Virginia the counties of Acco
mac and Northampton aie mainly
devoted to the gowlng of 2arly Irish
potatoes and sweet potatoes for the
Northern market. They are prosper?
ous counties of small farm* and neat
dwellings, but all winter the sweet
potato growers rake the pine straw
from the woods and haul It on to
the land that Is to be planted in
eweet potatoes, spread am: plow li
under for the potato crop. Of course,
the burying of this organic matter
does good and they grow j.ood crops
of sweet Potators. Uut then in win?
ter one's eyes are pained by the bare
land ? < I tare after the bit*' crops
have been shipped or stored. I have
been urging the?e men that It would
be far loss laborious to grow a crop
of crimson clover to turn for their
sweet potatoes, and that the clover
would Improve their land far more
than the pine straw.
One man wrote to me that it would
not do as the clover would make too
great a growth of vine and make the
crop late. Then I met some time
ago one of the more progressive far?
mers there and asked him if he had
tried the clover. He sal 1 that he
had, and always tries to hive It, and
that he makes better crops by reason
of It. Meeting the same man a few
days ago. I asked him aboi t his crop.
He said that he has made this sea?
son 150 barrels per acre a'ter clover,
and that one of his neighbors got a
growth of crimson clover on land
that would not make mor > than fif?
teen bushels of corn per acre, and
turned the clover under and made
127 barrels of potatoes per acre after
liberally fertilising the clover with
acid phosphate and potash. And I
will warrant that that land will now
make more than fifteen bushels of
corn per acre from that one effort to
When one can get largo crops of
potatoee from the sowing of a few
bushels of clover seed, larger crops
than by laboriously raking the forest
and hauling pine straw, it Is amazing
that others do not see it. Where I
now live, the man who falls to put
clover In his corn and among all his
truck crops of watermelons, canta?
loupe* and tomatoes is considered be?
hind the times. As I have often said,
cowpeas In summer and crimson
clover In winter muke a team for
the Improvement of the land and the
feeding of stock that canrnt be beat?
Whv !,l\e u t.overnment Lie?
Put in any case wo ought to play
fair and be honest. Since we have
rnment by Business, let us say
s<? honestly and let Business have Its
WSy WlthOUl these degrading di>
?Ulees, advises Mr. Charles Bdward
RUSsell .ii Sue . s Magazin?. W?. .1
ever laws Business finds are hostile
to Its welfare Ought to be abolished;
t?? keep these op the statute booae
* e t I e
while Business, by devious means
secure* their nullifu a'.n-u Is intoler?
able. If there arc any laws that
Ku? ? n .1 t ? hi-. . ? .,. t. I. !. f
us try to arrange our affairs so that
Business run secure such laws with?
out maintaining Timothy Sullivan at
Albany and Joseph Cannon at Wash?
ington. \\> are a Buslnos* nation;
we have the flr,st Business govern*
ment In the world; lot us say ? so
frankly and so,uaroly, play the game
to the limit, and see what the results
will be. And let us have no more
pretense that we mean anything
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W< Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman" and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of tilt Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thlnl will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o* r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | jblished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville. S. C.
Greater Sumter County."
Greater Sumter County should be
the slogan of every loyal citizen re?
siding in the county. How may this
be brought about? By keeping com?
petent officials at the helm of her
affairs? This will help considerably
in the forward march; but officials
may do all in their power ami still
the rank and file may flounder along.
There is an economic problem con?
fronting every man of this commu?
nity (Sumter County). of which
Sumter City is the centre. That is:
how may we the citizens of Sumter
County get more of this medium of
exchange, called money? The Pied?
mont region of this State has thou?
sands of dollars distributed each
month as wages to its cotton mill
hands; and every farmer and busi?
ness man in that region lias B
chance to obtain a portion of it. The
Iralnage of Sumter bounty, on the
account of its being so level, is not
*uch as to invite the thickly settled
ommunities made nec^snry . n the
?MOUnt of the mills. 00 let Ul look
to some other source. A irrcat deal
3f the timber has been taken off and
we need what is left right here at
homo. So holy from that score.
Mow about our farms? Can th?ir
production be Increased? Right here
ios tiif secret of the "Greater Bum
tef County.' Why. as we ride along
the roads, do we see a field produc?
ing u bale of cotton or forty bushels
rjf corn to the acrv, and an adjoin?
ing field of the same kind of soil,
lacking humus oaly, producing ten
to fifteen bush<b of com and a third
of a bale of cotton? It takes prac?
tically the same amount of cultiva?
tion for each. Such differences
should1 not be, and as a result, many
of the so-called farmers are havUlfl
the farm and going to the city. The
lands are being bought up in large
farms, and are being cultivated un?
der the direction of an overseer.
These conditions tend to ruin society
In the country and make ?it hard
for the few remaining farmers to
educate their children and keep up
,their churches. An overseer works
for Immediate results and does not
plan Improvements for years to come.
The real owner of the land must be
interested to put into execution
plans for permaney^improvement.
If the production on the farms is
to be Increased, then there must be
more Interest and enthusiasm Inject?
ed Into farming. How can this be
done? The United States Govern?
ment has taken a hand in the mat?
ter and Is placing a Demonstration
Agent in almost every County in
South Carolina and other States of
the South to awaken renewed in?
terest in these worn out soils. The
Government knows that If the pro?
duction Is increased that consump?
tion will also be Increased, thereby
Increasing the revenue of the Gov?
ernment. As the profits of the farm
Increase. tho banking business
grows, the merchant sells higher
class articles on which he Justly
realizes more profits, and every In?
dustry Is stimulated thereby. There
Is l work and a great work' for
every man of brains. Fortunately or
unfortunately Providence lives t<
every man the lame amount of gray
matter, and, according to hlfl talents
every man should leave an account
"i hix life. Now. would it not be I
business proposition OH the part ol
tho business men to do ?v? rythin
in their power to stimulate an in?
terest In scientific farming. Th?
gumter Rank led oft In the right
direction, last year", offering' some' vaf?
ttgble prizes for the highest produc?
tion of corn per acre, among het
patrons. iA [ others join in and show
the. Government that yo?.are wllllni
to cooperate. This year we must
push the School BwyH' Contest! foi
In the youth of the land is tli?' hop*
of the country.
A numher of farmers are-still ne?
looting the problem of procuring th<
best seed, and keeping it bred uj
by Judiciously selecting it In th<
Fall of the year. A small amount 01
money wisely spent along this line
might bring In a handsome return
Sumtor County needs more lntores1
in a "County Fair." Pickens Coun?
ty has a splendid exhibit each year
In so small a town as Pickens, and
the soil of Pickens County will not
begin to compare in natural fertility
with that of Sumter. The news?
papers are contributing a great deal
in the way of advertisemer t of any?
thing that helps in the forward
movement. With their help, and
we may safely count upon that, let
us resolve that no County, not even
Marlboro or Darlington, shall be in
lead, when it comes to growing the
crop of nineteen hundred and ten.
J. Frank Williams.
*."<)() MORE A VF.Alt FARMING:
HOW TO GET IT.
By Making and Saving Farm Man
The making and saving of farm
manures is of such basic and vital
importance to soil fertility that it
might well be made the subject of a
dozen <>r m?-re articles the length of
this one. it can, therefore, only be
briefly treated in the most general
way in this article.
Wiiiie tew will deny that barnyard
manure is the oldest and best general
fertiliser we have, it is not largelv
used in Southern agriculture. The
Intelligent labor n< cs sary to iced
and care for the live stock required
to make this manure and the ex?
pense and heavy labor of handling it,
with its tendency to loss of value
when not properly handled, all com -
bino to make its use dillicult if not
unpopular. Moreover, the Introduc?
tion of commercial fertilizers, which
are much more conveniently handled,
and the discovery of the manner in
V/hloh our numerous legumes improve
the soil, have led us to substitute
these for barnyard manure, under the ;
erroneous impression that they can
profitably take Its place in maintain?
ing or increasing soil fertilty.
The Gold Mine of the Farm.
Professor Hopkins, of Illinois, has
estimated from carefully prepared
data that the manure produced by
live stock In this country, if it was
economically saved and applied. is
worth more than the whole corn crop
rroduced. And yet, even when live
stock are fed, what a waste there Is
of this mine of agricultural wealth.
In the best agricultural sections of
southeastern Pennsylvania I have
seen barn after barn with little win?
dows in the rear of the horse stalls
from which the manure is thrown out
in heaps against the barn to He in
heaps and beat and wash away un?
der the eaves till more than half Its
food for crops has been wasted.
Then I have seen farmers there
loading this wasted manure on wag?
ons and hauling it to the fields and
then laboriously forking it of into
piles over the field to lie there, in
many cases, all winter to further
waste and then to be handled again,
when it could have been loaded on a
manure spreader and been spread at
once where plants could find it.
And I have seen in the South the
little accumulation from the few cat?
tle kept left to lie and waste In the
open lot and in the spring hauled out
and with much labor mixed with dirt
from the fence rows, when it should
have been hauled and spread at once
as fast as collected.
I visited once an intelligent farmer
in Alabama, who was breeding fine
stock and making large crops of
wheat in a section that had been de?
voted to all-cotton, and though he
kept many cattle. I found his barn?
yard so clean that a lady could have
walked over it in slippers. This man
r allied that his manure was a gold
mire and did not let it run to waste
He spid that when he lio?nn to grow
wheat, he was laughed at, but he
persevered, though his first crop was
but six bushels per acre, and when I
was there he was making 1,000 to 5,
000 bushels of wheat at the rate of
thirty-live bueheli per acre. He was
a man who found tha it paid to
feed c:Ut!e in the Ho and make
manure. Growing large crops Of
wheat, he did not have to rake pine
BtTOW for bedding, but had a great
surplus of straw, and some of this
he used for covering old red gall! and
gullies on his farm.
He showed me large spots which
were formerly bare galls. He cover?
ed them two feet deep with Wheat
straw and let it lie there to stop the
frosting off and washing until it was
completely rotted. Then the rotten
straw plowed down deeply put some
humus into the .soil and the gall was
no more. In the gullies filled with
straw the soil collected, and soon the
gullies could be plowed in and were
HAD CATARRH THIRTY YEARS.
EKISON COMMENDS P'7 RU NA.
7 have used several bottles of Ptr?nm end I feet creatly benefited
thereby from my catarrh of the head. I feel encouraged to believe that if
I use it a short time longer I will be fully cble to eradicate the disease of
thirty years' standing."?David Meeklson.
other rema:::vAble cases.
Mr. Jacob L. Davis, Galena, otone bounty, Mo., writes: "I have b?en in bad
health for thirty-seven years, and after taking twelve bottles of your Peruna I
am cured." Mr. C. X. Potorson, 183 South Main St., Council Bluffs, Iowa, writes:
"1 cannot tell j*ou how much good Peri -i has done me. Constant confinement
in toy store began to tell on my b ?Ith, and I felt that I was gradually breaking
down. I tried several remedies, but obtained no permanent relief until I took Pe*
runa. I felt better Immc diately, end five bottles restored me to complete health."
A SINCERE RECOMMENDATION.
Mr. D. C. Prosscr, Bravo, Allagen Co., Mich., writes: "Two years ago I
was badly afflicted with catarrh of the | tomach. I had had a run of typhoid
fever, was very depleted. I could find nothing I could eat e ithout i rinsing dis?
tress and sour stomach. Finally I came to the conclusion the! 1 had catarrh of
the stomach and seeing Peruna advertised, began to take it. It h >Iped mo soosh
and after taking three or four bottles I was entirely cured of tto^uch trouble,
and cuu now cat anything.*1
Ask Your Druggist for a Free Peruna Almanac for 1910.
Where a man practices a good ro- i
tation of crops, grows small grain '
and feeds good forage to cattle, plows '
deeply and subsoils the red hills, he
BOOn finds that In the manure made
on the farm he has a real gold mine
that increases in value and produc
tlon year after year. The more man?
ure used, the more feed can be '?
j grown; the more feed, the more cat- 1
, tie can be fed; and the more manure,
the more corn and cotton, until the
farmer is Independent of the fertili?
zer mixer.?Progressive Farmer.
If Its Kid Gloves.
Buy them at Schwartz's. Every
color. Bvery size. They wear.
Sec the Crowds at Schwartz's?
There is a rtason?first class mer?
chandise. Largest variety. Little
Red figured effects,
deep shades, in
Silks specially woven
Slip easily under
all-silk, in over sixty
plain color-, three
Grand Prize St. Lonia World'? Fair
for Quality, Workmanahip and Style
Nev. y )hk I
Bear t '.?. Labt
T| HE selection of a suitable
i Christmas Gift for a Man or
a Boy, is an easy proposition
at this rtore.
We have so many "just
right" things, that it's only a matter of
choice in making selections.
The thing a Man or Hoy appreciates
most? the thin .js he would buy for himself
?are here in great variety and the picking
is now at its best.
CHOICE 6ARMENTS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
CORRECT HEAOWEAR OF ALL SORTS.
TOGGERY FROM MAKERS, THAT KNOW HOW.
CHOICE OUTFITTING IN ALL THE BEST STYLES.
Our store fairly glows with the spirit of
Christmas, ami we promise you the best of
service, looking or buying. Make your
selections early !
The D. J. Chandler Clothing Co.,
Sumter, S. C.