Newspaper Page Text
nn BOfTER WATCHMAN, BMaMb
Consolidated 4ng. 2,1881
Published Wednesday and Saturday
OSTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
SUMTBR, 8. C.
11.10 per annum?in advance.
One Square first insertion.$1.00
?eery subsequent Insertion.50
Contracts (or three months, or
tenter will be made at reduced rates.
ATI communications which sub
eerve private Interests will be charged
far aa advertisements.
Obltuarte? and tributes of reepocts
aria be charged for.
HOMICIDE AT WKSTVILLF.
Two Men Exchanged Shots In Little
Town of Kerehaw County and Two
Mven Probably Will Pay Penalty.
Lancaster. Dec. 15?As the result
of a duel at Westvllie. this county.
Inet nicht. D. W. Belle la dead and
John Peach Is lying probably fatally
wounded. The two men exchanged
After the shooting Belk walked
about 115 yards and fell near his
hooee. His wife heard him and
went out and found him dead.
Dm. Oregg and Twltty performed
a surgical operation on Peach today
but they do not think there Is much
hope for his recovery. Belk, who
waa engaged in the sawmill business,
was about 35 years old and is sur?
vived by a widow and six children.
Peach la about 23 years old and un?
The cause of the ahooting la not
Due to Family Troubles.
Camden. Dec. 16.?D. W. Belk.
who was engaged In the sawmill bus
' Ineaa and farming at Westvllie. about
abt mi lee south of the town of Ker?
ehaw, waa ahot and killed In that
town laat right ty John Peach, who
waa hlmeeK seriously ahot by Belk.
1,. .4p*\ta eta ed that family troubles
*W? the 4auec of" the ahooting.'
PRAIRIE WILL SAIL TODAY.
Wm Carry Seven Hundred Marine**
lb Scene of Disturbance in Central
Philadelthla, Dec 15.?The United
States transport Prairie, which was
scheduled, te sail late this afternoon
fur Colon. Is still lying at the Phila?
delphia navy yard with the 700 ma?
rines and all munitions of war on
board. It was announced f/>nlght
that the Prairie wdLld positively sail
at 7 o'clock tomorrow morning.
The Prairie had steam up and was
ready for Bailing when orders were
received delaying the departure of
the veaael until tomorrow.
CAROLINA ROY FIRST.
Rancomb Vshcr I? Cotnpllmcnfcxl by
Washington. Dec. 14.?Diplomas o'
merit today were preeented by Sec?
retary Wilson In hla office at the De?
partment of Agriculture to Bascomb
Uaher. of South Carolina. Dewkt
Lundy, of Mlsalsslppi, Elmer Hs Her.
of Arkansas, and Ralph Bellwood,
of Virginia, all boys under eighteen
yean, for special proficiency In agri?
The recipients of the awards were
among 12.600 In the boya' dcinon
stratlon work In the South. Bach
planted one acre of corn and culti?
vated it under Instructions from IV
Department of Agriculture. Tbou?
aanda of dollara of prises were
awarded thla year throughout the
The diploma winner from South
Carolina made 152 1-2 bushels per
acre; 147 busbela were made In M!*
eiaetppt; 116 bushels In North Caro?
lina, and 122 bushels in Virginia,
The club average was about sixty
bushels. All the Southern State* are
making arrangements to aend pri?.e
wlnnera to Washing-ton next year.
In a brief address to the boy* Sec?
retary Wilson declared that they and
the boys engaged In like work ure
"the only hope we have for the con?
tinued greatness and prosperity of
thla country.' He pointed ou. that
the South now in agriculture and
manufacturing waa prospering as
never before, because the men and
women of the South had put Into
the work their own energy and abil?
ity, and in no tiense were SC pendent
upon the capital or industry of peo?
ple from other parts of the country
Senator Tlliinan has Introduced a
resolution In th* senate provld ng for
an Improvement in the depth of the
thed April, 1850. 'Be Just an
i WAR Of BUNTS.
FEDERATION OFFICIALS DE?
CIDE TO FIGHT STEEL TRI ST.
Leader** of Organized Workers of
America Call on Followers for Alii
In Coming Campaign Against Open
Plttaburg, Dec. 14.?War was for?
mally declared upon the United
States Steel corporation by the lead?
ers of organised labor throughout
the United States and Canada at the
close of a momentous two days' con?
ference today. The decision to bat?
tle, long and hard, against the stand
taken by the steel corporation in its
policy of "open shop" was reached
by the labor conferee only after
hours of debate and a deal of
At the conference which passed
the remarkable battle decree, Sam?
uel Gompers, president of the Amer?
ican Federation of Labor, presided.
The grievances of organised labor
against the steel corporation, as set
forth in the resolution, have been
forwarded to President Taft and the
United States senate and house of
representatives. The governors of
the States In which the steel corpor?
ation owns plants or has interests
will also receive a copy of the resolu?
The resolution in part is as fol?
"A crisis in the affairs of labor has
arisen. The gigantic trust, tthe Uni?
ted States Steel corporation is using
Its great wealth and power in an ef?
fort to rob the toilers of their right
of American manhood and of the op?
portunity to resist its further en?
croachments. Grown rich by the
consent of the people of our countr
this corporation in its mad greec^ ior
still greater riches, sweeps aside,
makes and unmakes law, its enact
ors and executors, and is now engag?
ed In an effort to destroy the only
factor?the organisations of its em?
ployes?standing between It and un?
limited, anchorkeA .and unbridled in?
dustrial, political, social and moral
carnage. If there exists any virile
power in our demand and life to
check the absolute domination of
civil, industrial and political life of
our people and our republic, it must
be found in the indomitable will and
mission of the misunderstood and
misrepresented organizations of la?
"The United States Steel corpora?
tion has declared war on labor. In
Its secret councils this corporation
has decided that the only obstacle
to complete sway?organized?labor
--shall be brushed aside. The labor
organisations consist of Its employes,
the workers (their wives and little
ones), human flesh and blood. It is
by their labor that they live; they
have no purpose other than safe?
guarding their lives, their character,
their future, the safety of the repub?
lic and humanity.
"These factors now confront each
other. By their purposes, attitude
and actions must they be judged.
"On June 1. 1909. the United
States Steel corporation proclaimed
Its decree of hostility toward labor.
The right of the workers to associate
for their common protection was no
longer to be recognized or tolerated.
As accompanying that decree was a
notice of a further reduction in the
already scant wages of the workers.
"The decree went Into effect July
1, 1909. We therefore urge that an
earnest effort be made to thoroughly
organize all employes In the Iron,
steel and tin plate Industry and subsi?
diary co-related trades. Owing to
Immediate pressing necessity caused
by the present strike and the Inde?
fensible hostile attitude of the United
States Steel corporation, we earnest?
ly call upon national and Interna?
tional unions of Amerca to send at
least one organizer to assist In this
work. Wo further urge and recom?
mend that in all places where mills
are located the central labor organi?
zation appoint special committees
with Instrutclons to cooperate In
this work. For educational purposes
we recommend that this manifesto
be made a special order in all cen?
tral labor organizations at the first
meeting in January, 1910.
"We recommend that the execu?
tive council of A. ?F. of L. issue a cir?
cular to all unions of America, an
appeal for financial contributions to
aid the striking iron, steel and tin
"We further recommend that the
amount of such contrlbtuions should
not be less than 10 cents per mem?
"In view of the great wrongs per?
petrated by the United States Steel
corporation, not only against the
workers, but against the public gen
| orally, we rocommend that a com
I Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aim
ER. S. C, SATURDi
R. R. COMMISSION ENJOINED. I
FERTILIZER RATE CASE ARGU?
ED IN SUPREME COURT.
Seat mar d Petition Granted, Pending I
An Inquiry Into the Situation by a
Referee?State's Demurrer to the
Complaint overruled by the Court.
Columbia, Dec. 14.?The railroad
commission was today temporally
enjoined by an order of the Supreme
Court from putting into effect its
circular on the Seaboard Air Line
Railway, which reduced the fertili?
ser rate in this State by about 5 per
cent. The Atlantic Coast Line Rail?
road Company, Southern, Charleston
and Western Carolina Railway Com?
pany, Columbia, Newberry and Laur
ens Railroad Company, and the Flue
Ridge Railroad Company are also
named in the order of the Court.
These companies filed their answer
with W. H. Lyles, attorney for the
On motion of the attorneys for the
Seaboard and with the consent of
Attorney General Lyon for the com?
mission and counsel representing the
other railroads an order was issued
by the court appointing R. W. Shand
of this city, as special referee to take
testimony and report the same to?
gether with his findings of facts. The
effective date of the temporary re?
straining order is December 6, on
which date the order went into ef?
In the order issued by the court
the Seaboard Air Line Railway Is re?
quired to keep an accurate account
of all fertilizer shipments passing
over Its line so as to be able to show
the amount of freight that may be
for the transportation of the same
over and above that provided for by
the order of November 1, and known
as Circular 135, and in the event
that a perpeutal injunction is finally
refused the road shall promptly re?
pay to shippers the amount of
freight collected over that provided
for by Circular 135.
The ?? sr of the Court came today"
after much argument by Attorney
General Lyon for the railroad com?
mission and Lyles & Lyles for the
Seaboard Air Line aRilway.
WRECK ON SOUTHERN.
Fourteen Killed and Many More In?
Greensboro, N. C, Dec. 15.?Local
passenger train No. 11, on the South?
ern Railway train, known as the
Richmond and Atlanta train, due in
Greensboro at 6:40 a. m., was wreck?
ed this morning at 6:32 at Reedy
Fork trestle, 10 miles north of here,
and at 6 o'clock this evening 12 dead
bodies had been removed from the
wreckage. Fourteen are reported
dead and 25 Injured are being cared
for at St. Leo's hospital.
William Pack, a young white man,
had the misfortune to have his right
hand cut off while operating a corn
schredder at Manning.
mlttee be appointed by this confer?
ence to wait upon the president of
the United States, the president of
the United States senate, the speaker
of the house of representatives and
such other members of each house
of congress as may be deemed advis?
able for the purpose of laying before
them the grievances from which la?
bor suffers at the hands of this cor?
"At the Instance of the United
States Steel corporation officers of
local, municipal and State govern?
ments have unwarrantably tyranni?
zed over citizens, Invading the con?
stitutionally guaranteed right of
free assemblage and free speech. We
recommend that committees be ap
polntd by this confrenco to wait
upon the governors of States and
such other official representatives of
counties and municipalities as are
in control where the United States
steel corporation has plants located
for the purpose, of presenting to
these offlclala the great wrongs in?
dicted upon the people of these com?
munities, and that the committees
demand an investigation, and where
charges made are substantiated by
evidence, the officers responsible
therefor be removed and the wrongs
"We appeal to all liberty-loving
Americans for their moral and finan?
The conference was made possible
through a resolution adopted at the
Toronto, Canada, international labor
conference held during November,
when the convention decided by res?
olution to meet in Plttsburg and
reach a dotormlned stand against
the labor attitude of the United
States Steel corporation.
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and
STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION
AX INTERESTING SESSION IS EX?
PECTED IN COLUMBIA.
Columbia Getting Ready to Enter?
tain the Teachers of the State
DaHng the Holidays.
The annual meeting of the State
Teachers' Association will be held in
Columbia during the holidays. The
meetings for many years were held
In the summer, but In the last half
dozen years so many teachers go
away In the summer to attend nor?
mal Institutes that last year the as?
sociation decided to make an experi?
ment and hold the meeting In Co?
lumbia during the winter holidays.
The experiment last winter was so
pleasing that the sessions this year
will be held during the holidays. The
attendance last yea^ was far and
away the largest In the history of the
assooclatlon and there were several
social features which added greatly
to the success of the meeting.
The programme or this year's ses?
sion has just been printed. This
shows that in addition to the general
association there will be in session
several subordinate bodies of teach?
ers. Each of these has arranged a
The several departments of the as?
sociation are as follows:
School Improvement Association.
Association City and Town Super?
Association County Superintend?
ents, Association of Colleges.
Association Kindergarten and Pri?
The officers of the State Teachers'
Association are as follows:
President, Principal W. K. T?te,
Memmlnger Normal School, Charles?
Vice Presidents, Lueco Gunter,
First District; W. L. Brooker, Sec?
ond District; D. vV. Daniel, Third
District; D. W. Wallace, Fourth Dis?
trict; <T. W. Tho^naon, Fifth JDUirlot;.
Nathan Toms, Sixth District; A. R.
Banks, Seventh iDstrlct.
Treasurer. C. V. NeufTer, Colum?
Recording Secretary, E. C. Mc
Corresponding Secretary, W. H,
Member executive committee, I*
W. Dick, Abbeville.
Local committee, A. R. Banks
chairman; Miss Helen Mo'taster,
Miss Francenia Brennan, M Eilen
S. Watklns, Miss Bessie Davis, Mrs.
L. T. Baker, Patterson Wardlaw. Dt.
S. C. Mitchell, W. B Dove, S. M.
Clarkson, Claude V. NeufTer, W. H.
State Association of Town and City
Superintendents?President, J. L.
Mann, Florence; Vice president, K.
C. McCants, Anderson; secretary, Na?
than Toms. Darlington; treasurer, N
M. Salley, Greenwood.
Rural School Improvomen: Asso?
ciation?President, Miss Theodora
Dargan, Stategurg, vice president,
Mrs. Dora Dee Walker, Thomas; un?
cording secretary, Miss Lizzie Rog?
ers, Eastover; corresponding secre?
tary, Miss Elise Rudd, Saluda, chair?
man executive committee, Miss
Louisa Poppenheim, Charleston.,
Association of County Superinten?
dents of Education?President, State
'Superinendent J. E. Swearingen; vice
president, Superintendent E. P. War?
ing; secretary, Superintendent A. L.
Association Elementary Schools?
Chairman, Miss A. B. Bonham; sec?
retary, Miss Sarah Withers; Miss
Minnie Macfeat, Miss Rattle Gold?
The memebrship fee is $1 formen
and 50 cents for women, for which
membership receipt and a badge en?
titling to all privileges <>f the asso?
ciation will be Issued.
The headquarters of the associa?
tion and bureau of information will
be in the vestibule of the university
chapel. All members are expected
to report there upon arrival In the
Holiday ratei will be in force on
all roads. Accommodations may be
had at all hotels and boarding
houses at reasonable rates. Inform?
al m as to accommodations may be
obtained from Superintendent A. R.
Banks, chairman of reception com?
Dr. S. C. Mitchell, president of the
teachers a reception at his residence
university will tender the visiting
on the campus on Thursday after?
noon from 5 to 7 o'clock.
Publishers of text books and deal?
ers In supplies have been invited to
make exhibits. These interesting
exhibits of books and appliances will
be displayed in the liberal arts build?
I Troth'*." THE TT
1909. New c i
MORE FRAUDS IN SI'
ARBUCKLES PAY $G?5.o/3 TO
Criminal Prosecution Not Affected?
Trial of Trust's Former Employers
Nearing Its Close.
New York, Dec. 15.?Arbuckle
Bros., generally credited with being
the largest independent rivals of the
American Sugar Refining Company,
have acknowledged that from 1898
to 1907 they, too, failed to pay to
the government all the money due
as customs charges on imported j
In settlement of all civil claims
against them, the Arbuckles have of?
fered and the treasury department
with the concurrence of the attorney
general has accepted payment of
But criminal prosecution of those
responsible will in nowise he ham?
pered or* conditioned by this accept?
The government has now received
the following voluntary restitutions
and fines from importers of raw su?
gars: The American Sugar Refin?
ing Company (voluntary) $2,000,000;
the American Refining Company
(fine imposed by the court) $135,
000; Arbuckle Bros, (voluntary)
$685,573. Total recovered $2,830.
Today's announcement of new ir?
regularities in the sugar industry
ramifying into quarters never sus?
pected by the public was made dur?
ing a recess of the criminal trial of
six employes of the American Sugar
Refining ^Company. Messrs. Stlmson
and Dennison, special counsel for the
government, then gave out a state?
ment In part as follows:
"In June, last we commenced an
investigation as to the weights on
which duties were paid on sugar
landed on the docks of the sugar re?
finery of Messrs. Arbuckle Bros., in
the port of New York. The members
of that firm voluntarily gave us ac?
cess tc. their books* and tc ~thoroT;gh
investigation was made of those
books and of the customs house re?
"As a result a shortage was report?
ed to the members of the firm, and
as soon as they had verified the gov?
ernment's figures, they voluntarily
offered to pay this sum without suit
Into the treasury of the United States
INSURANCE OFFICE SHORT.
Troubles of the Phenix Company Ex?
tend to Atlanta.
New York, Dec. 15.?The Atlanta
office of the Phenix (fire) Insurance
Company, of Brooklyn, is short ap?
proximately $50,000, and has been
since January 1, 1907, according to a
statement Issued tonight by the State
department of Insurance. This adds
further complexities to the affairs of
the company, whose former presi?
dent, George P. Sheldon, is under in?
dictment, charged with grand lar?
ceny. The statement says In part:
"A sh rtage in the Atlanta general
agency existed prior to January 1,
1907. Its amount seems to have been
between $45,000 and $50,000. The
company's representatives hold cer?
tain property turned over by Mr.
Stockwell, (the general agent), but
suth property is not thought to be
enough to balance the shortage.
"Mr. Sheldon was informed of the
shortage in January, 1907, but he
did not report the same to company's
directors or mention it until just as
the present examination began. He
then mentioned it to another officer
of the company, and asked that the
amount be charged off. This officer
was Vice President Ingram, and be
declined to charge off the account
as requested. As soon as possible
examiners will proceed to Atlanta
to get at the facts. I have brought
the substance of the testimony tak?
en to the attention of insurance com?
missioner of Georgia."
Night Riders in Georgia,
Koekmart, Ga? Dec. 15.?Alleged
night rider raids in this community
have become so numerous lately that
today Qov. Brown was sent two tele?
graphic dispatches that the neighbor
h >d wans being terrorized. The burn?
ing of a dwelling had been charged
to the night riders, threatening let
tors had been received by good citi?
zens and signs posted telling what
they proposed doing. Sheriff John
B. Dempsey at Cedartown was com?
municated with by the governor who
has Issued instructions to investigate
\V. A. Atchinson, wanted in Green?
ville on charge of false pretenses,
has been arrested in Asheville.
.SOUTHRON, Established June, lMf
es?Vol. XXX. No. 33.
COHN EXPOSITlflN PROPOSED.
MOVEMENT ON FO<yr TO HAVE
THE SHOW AT COLUMBIA.
Tcntnti\e Plans Matle for a Corn
Contest and Expoetkm Next Fall,
At Which It Is Proposed to Bestow
Ten Thousand Dollars in Prizes.
Columbia, Dec. 13.?It is probable
that a corn exposition will be held
in Columbia in 1910. It is thought
that at least $10,000 in prises will
be offered. If the tentative plans
are carried out. not only will South
Carolina be represnted at the expo?
sition, but also tne States along the
Atlantic seaboa'd. The exposition,
if held, would be the means of stim?
ulating great interest in the matter
of corn production. At the meeting
of the State corn contest commission
the holding of the corn exposition
was discussed. It is the opinion of
the commission that the plans that
have been talked are feasible and it
seems as if the project is going to
The phenomenal increase in the
production of corn in this State has
attracted national attention. The
crop this year will be approximate?
ly 8,000,000 more bushels than last
year, the value of which is about $7,
It is proposed to hold the expo?
sition in Craven Hall, which is am?
ply large. In connection with the
exposition there is to be a corn in?
stitute, at which will be present ex?
perts from all sections of the coun?
try, who will lecture on corn, culti?
vation and seed selection.
The exposition would be some?
thing like the rational corn show,
which is held at Omaha each year.
It Is generally agreed by those in?
terested that the best time of year to
hold the exposition would be some
time just before Chrirtmas or just
after the State Fair. To have the
exposition during the Fair would
hardly be possible., as the corn has
not been harvested at that time.
At the meeting of the Live Stock
Association in February Commis?
sioner Watson will present the mat?
ter to that body. The Columbia
Chamber of Comemrce will also be
asked to aid in perfecting the plans
for the exposition.
It is thought that there would be
little trouble in securing prizes to the
amount of $10,000 for the first expo?
sition. There are a number of prizes
oifered in the State at the present
time for the best yields of corn, by
individuals, banks and the various
counties. At least $5.000 would be
derived from this source. The differ
j ent machinery houses of the country
would very probably offer another
$5,000 In machinery.
Commissioner Watson in his
speech before the National Farm
Land Congress, In Chicago, several
weeks ago called particular attention
to the great strides that had been
made In South Carolina in the pro?
duction of corn. The commissioner
has been asked by the editor of
World's Work, a magazine published
in New York, to contribute an ar?
ticle on corn production in this State.
The editor of the magazine says, "we
have not printed the facts of a more
cheerful story than that of your corn
experiments." The introduction of
the Williamson method will be em
| braced in the article, Mr. Williamson
writing a part of the article.
DILLON COUNTY ELECTION.
Advocates of Division Win in Ma?
Dillon, Dec. 14.?There is rejoic?
ing in Dillon tonight. The new coun?
ty has won by an overwhelming
mvjorlty and everybody from the
smallest to the oldest inhabitant is
happy. Returns from all the pre?
cincts give the new county a tremen?
dous majority, and it is believed the
official returns will show a majority
of from 90 to 95 per cent, for the
new county from every precinct, but
two. Dillon is selected for the loca?
tion of the county seat and the name
Dillon has won over the name Pee
Dee by a large majority. It has been
a long and stubborn struggle, but
the new county people feel fully paid
for the tremendous amount of ener?
gy and money that they have put
into the fight during the past 15
years. Three times they have been
defeated, but undaunted they have
gone ahead each time with renewed
energy and higher hopes.
Today's fight has been devoid of
bitterness. It was expected that the
old county people would put up a
stubborn fight against the division of
Marlon, but at the last moment they
seemed to realize that the odds were
against them and they surrendered
without firing a gun.