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T>U> NAVY III'NT FOR A8TOR.
Repreeentatlvc Hard wick of Georgia
Would Know Whether Govern -
ment Hpent Money Searching; for
Wnehington, Dec. 14.?Represent?
ative Hardwlck of Georgia wanta to
krow if it is ttue that the navy de?
partment helped to search for the
yacht of Col. John Jacob Autor when
It was reported lost recently In the
Went Indies, and If so, why, and how
much money was spent by the de?
partment In the queat He Intro?
duced a resolution today indicating
this deelre and requiring the secre?
tary of the navy "If not Incompatible
with public welfare" to Inform the
house ae to the facts in the case.
FreatfceiB Who Will Serve Charge?
fit Buinter District Next Year.
W. T. Duncan, presiding elder;
Bethany. O. D. Spires; Blahopvllle. P.
A. Murray; Camden, H. B. Browne;
?lloree. J. K. Strickland; Fort
Motte? J. P. Wlnnlngham; Heath
Springs. A. 8. Lesley; Karaitew, J. H.
Noland; Lynchburg. J. 8. Beasley;
Manning, F. H. Shuler; Oawego, D.
Hacks; Plnewood, T. W. Mannerlyn;
Providence, J. N. Wright; Mohlsnd.
L, T. Phillips; St. Johns and Rem
berta, R. K. Sharp; St Matthe we, 1.
M. Stead man; Sumter, First church,
M. W. Hook; Broad Street, J. B. Wil?
son; Water ee, J. V. De via; assistant
to conference secretary of missions,
H. B. Browne; transferred. C. R.
Whtttaker, North Georgia confer?
Sods Not Wearing Oat.
Experte of the Department of Agri?
culture contend that there la no
ground for the belief prevalent In
some quarters that American soils
are gradually wearing out
Thla great question of toll fertility
has been occupying the attention of
agriculturists all over the country for
some time, and special study of the
situation has been made by direction
of Secretary Wilson. The Depart?
ment of Agriculture has prepared soil
maps of Maryland and other States
and the analysis of these aolla does
not bear out the contention that they
are wearing out.
"A great and fundamental problem
which has confronted our people,"
says Secretary Wilson la a statement
of the situation, "as It has the people
of the world, Is the question of the
permanency of soil fertility. Of late
rears, particularly, the Idea has pre?
vailed that the soils of various parts
of the United States are wearing out
through loan of mineral-plant food,
and that a serious condition is thus
presented for th^ future of our peo?
ple. So important and fundamental
te this problem for the welfare of our
people that I directed a thorough ex?
amination to be made of the whole
subject, and an exhaustive report has
been Issued, from which certain im?
portant conclusions can be given In
a few words.
"It haa been found from the rec?
ords kept by our owu department
that on the average, crop yields per
acre have shown a decided tendency
to increaae during a period of 40
years, and that there la no evidence
of general decreaae over large areaa
or In any particular State, aa la pop?
ularly supposed. Thla Indicates, un- |
doubtedly, that on the average our
people are farming more intelligent?
ly, and therefore more successfully,
and that we are. through these more
Intelligent methods, winning gradual?
ly larger returns from the soil.
"It haa been held, however, by
some writers that even if the yields
are Increasing the element of danger
is that the larger cropa remove larg?
er amounta of plant food from the
aolla and bring nearer the time when
the aolla will eventually wear out. To
meet thla argument it haa been neces?
sary to extend the Investigations into
older countries, and the records of
Europe have been searched for in?
formation Iii regard to the past his?
tory of these older countries that can
be taken as a safe guide for the fu?
ture of the newer soils of the United
States. These records Indicate that
in the middle of the sixteenth cen?
tury, or. roughly speaking, three to
four hundred years ago, the aolla of
Central and Northern Europe were
producing on the average about as
much wheat per acre as tho soils of
the United States are producing at
the present time. These European
aolla have been occupied for agricul?
tural purpoaea for at least a thousand
years, during most of which period
the country was more densely popu?
lated than the United States is at the
present time. So far as records are
obtainable, they indicate that as a re?
sult of Increasing population and
more Intelligent methods of soil oon
trol. and in aplte of their longer oc?
cupation, the average yield per acre
haa Increased until In the case of
Northern Europe the soils are now
producing about two or two and one
half times as much per acre as the
newer aolla of the United States are
FERTILIZER HEARING HELD.
Attorney General Lyon Introduce*
Demurrer to Seaboard Complaint.
Columbia, Dec. 13.?Because his
wife It the first cousin of B. L.
Caughman, one of the railroad com?
missioners, Chelf Justice Jones was
today disqualified from sitting in the
matter of the injunction proceedings
brought by the Seaboard Air Line
Railway to restrain the commission
from putting Into effect its circular,
which reduced the rates on fertilizer
In this State by about 5 per cent, j
Governor Ansel appointed Judge i
. Shlpp to take the place of the Chief
S Justice. The case will very probably
be heard tomorrow. At the hear?
ing today Attorney General Lyon de?
murred for the State on the ground
that the complaint of the Seaboard
Air Line did not set forth that the
road was chartered under the laws
of South Carolina; that the road was
alleged to be a foreign corporation,
organized under the laws of Virginia
and North Carolina, and owns and
operates certain lines of road in this
State, and that the lines of the road
In South Carolina are operated as a
foreign corporation in violation of
When the demurrer had been read
W. H. Lyles, attorney for the road,
applied for permission to amend the
complaint by putting in a section to
the effect that the road was charter?
ed in this State. The order of amend?
ment was placed with the court, and
was taken under consideration.
There was some discussion as to the
amendment of the complaint. Mr.
Lyles asked the court for an lnjunc
tlon until a special referee, R. W.
Shand, could take testimony and re?
port upon the facts in the case. If
the objections of the Attorney Gen?
eral are met in the complaint a ref?
erence will very probably be orderd
to take testimony as to whether the
rates are conflscatory or reasonable.
Should the objections not be met
then the case would be thrown out.
The Peoples' Bank of Florence has
applied for a charter as a national
bank under the name of the First
National Bank of Florence.
Carolinian Die? on Train In Alabama.
Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 14.?John
Bond, an elderly man, died on a
Western of Alabama train Just out?
side the city today. His home is in
Manning, S. C. He was en route to
L, W. Fergusson and A. E. Milan,
special detectives who have been
working up cases against Greenville
blind tigers have been arrested on a
charge of perjury.
FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS GIVEN AWAY!
Great Voting Contest for
Readers of : : : : :
THE WATCMAN AND SOUTHRON AND THE DAILY ITEM
__. i _
A $400 Piario and Two Gold Watches Costing $50
Each are the Prizes.
Contest Opens Monday, Nov. 29th and Closes February 28th.
Do You Want the Piano? It is yours if you comply with the Easy
Conditions and Make the proper Effort.
Conditions and Prizes.
The 5400 Piano, the grand prize of
this contest, will be given to the sub
scriber or a nominee of a subscriber of
the Watchman and Southron or Sum
ter Daily Item receiving the greatest
number of votes in this contest. No
matter where you live you are eligible
to enter this contest.
One $50 Gold Watch, cither Gentle?
man's or Lady's size, as the winner
may select, will be awarded to the per?
son, not a resident of the City of Sum
ter, receiving the next largest number
One $50 Gold Watch, either Gentle?
man's or Lady's size, will be awarded
to the person resident of the City of
Sumter, receiving the next largest
number of votes.
The contest for the Grand Prize, the
$400 Piano, is open to all readers of
The Watchman and Southron or The
Sumter Daily Item. It can be won by
a resident of Sumter, Lee or Clarendon
County, or some other County. One
Gold Watch as a special second prize
to be contested for by non-residents
of the City of Sumter, while the other
is a special second prize to be contest?
ed for by residents of this city.
This Magnificent Cote Piano, which we will give away, is 4 ft. 9 in. high *?
5 ft. long and weighs, boxed, ready for shipment, over 800*lbs. The finest
materials and most experienced workman have prcduced-in the^Cote an in- ^
strument excellent in tone, power, durability and appearance.' Tbis piano ]
is installed in the best homes, conservatories and music halls in the land ;
is Woll known and widely recommended hy the leading musicians and ,\
It is positively guaranteed for ten years by the Manufacturers.
Each and every person entering the
contest must be nominated on one of
the Nomination Blanks published in
both the Watchman and Southron and
the]. Daily Item. The nomination
counts as iooo votes, but only one
nomination will be credited to a per?
In each issue of the Watchman and
Southron and the Daily Item will be
published a ballot which is good for
the number of votes specified on the
How to Obtain Votes.
Every new subscriber paying in ad?
vance, will be credited for each dollar
paid, 200 votes. Every old subscriber
paying up back dues will be credited
for each dollar paid ioo votes, and on
each dollar paid in advance 200 votes.
No votes will be given on payments of
less than $i.oo. Every person or firm
that brings or sends an order for ad?
vertising or printing and pays for same
in advance will be entitled to ioo votes
for each dollar paid. For money paid
on accounts 50 votes will be allowed
for each dollar paid, if money is
brought or sent to this office. No
votes will be given for money paid
Nominations will not be received later than December 24, therefore, it is important that the blanks be mailed
to this office at once. Remember every nomination blank counts for 1000 votes, but will not be
counted twice for the same person. We have a supply of voting ballots at our office which must be tiled
_ there, properly signed, as the cash is paid for subscription, advertising or printing. Those at a distance
wishing to vote must send the money, for which a voting ticket together with a receipt, will be mailed to the person making the rem:ttance. The tickets must be
made out, signed and returned promptly to this office.
THE WAY TO WIN
Osteen Publishing Co.
No. 18 West Liberty St.
Phone No. 30, 9 9
Sumter, So. Car.
SEE PIANO ON DISPLAY AT THE SAVOY ICE CREAM PARLOR.