Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In 1860 and the True Southron In
lift. The Watchman and Southron
now has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
Piano Contest Notes.
interest In the Piano Content show?
ed a marked Increase this week?
several new candidates were nomi?
nated and a large number of votes
The first ballot period closed on
the llth and the votes came In with
a rush. The tabulation of votes for
the week ending Saturday 18th will
show a big Increase in the total vote
Any candidate who will secure
twenty new subscribers to the Watch?
man and Southron for one year at
$1.50 each and pay for same on or
before January 1st. will receive 6,
000 regular votes and a bonus of S,
000 rotes in addition?or a total of
8.00? for the twenty subscriptions.
For subscriptions In excess of twen?
ty, votes will be given in the same
ratio. One subscription paid for tw<
years In advance will count the same
aa two one year subscriptions. The
oaadidate who secures six paid in
advance subscriptions to the Dally
Item on or before January 1st, will
lire 8.000 regular votes and a bo?
ms of 3,000 votes In addition.
MR. A. M. LEE'S CONDITION.
Operation For Cancer of the Mouth
The friends of Mr. A. Markley Lee
will be interested to know that, al?
though he was compelled to under
- go to very severe operation In New
York yesterday, he stood the oper?
ation successfully and was doing well
last night The operation was for a
cancer of the mouth, the physicians
In New York having confirmed the
diagnosis made here. The operation
was a serious one and those of Mr.
Lee's acquaintances here who were
aware of his condition have, in con?
sequence, been very apprehensive of
the result. They will be much grati?
fied, these/ore, to know that Mr. A.
T. !*mrsit. the r-.*-ad r?f the tnw firm
of which Mr. JLee Is such a distin?
guished member, received a telegram
1 last evening stntlng thst the opera
tlon had been successful and that
Mr. Lee was resting well. The en?
tire community will Join In the hope
that he may have a speedy and com?
plete recovery.?News and Courer,
Mr. Lee has many friends in Sum
qualntance* in Sumter county who
will regret to hear of his serious Ill?
What to Heed.
"Tell me what a man reads and
I will tell you what he Is." said a
wise writer; for little by little the
things that we read become our
thoughts, and make the very tex?
ture of the mind
Ourtng the last few months the
attention of the American people
has been aroused by the considera?
tion of pure and Impure foods. This
agitation has done good, for with the
abundance of good food there Is lit?
tle excuse for using any food which
Is harmful. The time has come
when the American family must give
better attention than In the past to
another matter?the choice between
good and bad reading. We have read
enough about wickedness In both
public and private life; too many
stories of criminal transactions; too
much about the evil and not enough
about the good in lire.
Let us hare the bright and clea a
Side of our American lift? only. L?t
us read stories ..f ?htm?.? who arc
both brave and no>>h\ and not vulgar
snd confessed criminals. The mis?
sion of the press Is to help the re|<l
er. not drag him down; to mggssl
high, not low Ideals.
At this season the as.tage Aneii
can family selects periodical! fot Uli
next year. Let the choice be only
for chun, wholesome, patriotic peri?
odicals. Send for "the Prospectus ??f
the 1010 Volume of The Youths
Companion and nee what an amount
of the best reading selected from tl ?
World*? abundance of every sort can
be Ii .,1 for oi.'v 51.7f, -52 splendid
Kvery new subscriber receives I
addition to the || Issues for If 10, all
the Issues for the remaining weeks
. of 1809, and the "Venetian" Cab-u
dar. lithographed In' thirteen colors
The Youth's i \ HJBJ pa niou, Compan
Ion Building, lh?ston, Mass.
New Subscription* reclvod at this
The policeman have I.n provi?
ded with new millinery for the winter
c ?mhig to s< i* members of the
force, l ut ti e th< >\UI Ju*t
- - ??? _._?_._._
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by K. W. Pabbs, President Tanners' Union of Suniter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think, will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of oar readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ublished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual neneflt to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
SEED AND SOIL.
PROF. BARROW OF CLEMSOX
DELIVERS VALUABLE AD?
Selection of Seed and the Applica?
tion of Proper Fertilizers and
Proper Treatment off Soil Bring
Profit to Farmer?.
Prof. Barrow, of Clemson College,
who conducted an instittute for far?
mers in the Court House Wednesday,
remained in the city Thursday to
deliver an address on the subject of
soil fertility. The public gecrally was
invited, but the Invitation was ex?
tended especially to the farmers of
the county who attended In only fair
Professor Barrow confined his re?
marks practically to two subjects, the
selection of seed and soil fertUlty. In
speaking of the former he said that
for hundreds of years it has been
recognised In animals that blood will
tell, but that man have not been
mindful of the fact that the same)
rule holds good in plant life. The |
same laws of nature apply alike to
plant and animal life. In selecting a
foundation row for a herd, the finest
possible spec.ii.<n is purchased, the
?alaotioil being made not only with
regard la the q mittles of the cow
purchased, but usually with a full
knowledge. Take corn for Instance;
the selection of seed Is often made
from the corn after it has been
placed in the crib, without ac?
knowledge of the pedigree of the
seed. The only way to make the se?
lection is in the field, where observa?
tion will tell what the ancestor;; have
done. Much can be accomplished by
the selection of seed. Wherever stalks
can be found without silking, cut the
tassel off, so that no barren pollln
can injure seed for next year. To
get the best seed, select an individ?
ual stalk, one with good root devel?
opment, with ear about 3 1-3 feet
from the ground. By one year's se?
lection in this way, an increased pro?
duction of 5 bushels per acre can be
It is important that each farmer
should select his own seed. We know
that if we move to some distant State
that we have to become acclimated.
The same laws hold good with plants.
A sample of corn was once taken
fro.n Iowa, and introduced Into Vir?
ginia. It was planted by itself with
no chance of mixing. The yield was
fine, being 80 bushels to the acre, a
wonderful Increase over the former
yield; but when the corn was feath?
ered, It looked as if the seed had
been taken from the four corners of
the earth. It was adjusting itself to
the conditions of soil and climate.
Fertilization, care and selection of
seed taken t father constitute the
reason of ?.!?? plaids, The farmer
must salaol all seed and continue
In the recent State eonlest the
winners oi the prizes were almost to
a man the ones who ?.ad bean breed?
ing their ssad for i numb* r of years,
.\'<?vv, the question arises as to
what constitutes the bast ear of t orn.
There is no fixed slsa, it ihould sa
near cylindrical as possible, one that
Can cany as many mains of GOTO BJ
Possible, one that will uive a mini?
mum amount of Cob to a maximum
amount of main. The rows ihOttld
bi straight, a sign of good business,
and is evidence of good healthy,
thrifty growth. The grain thould
?tori as near the Putt as possible and
run entirely over the t i?. There is
no iKed rule as to slss and length.
Whan the cob is too small there la not
enough grain, and where ths oob ii
too large the proportion or grain is
too small, and the gralm are, also,
Short, Take an ear of corn and break
it near the butt tht oob should con
stitute one-hait the total diameter of
the gob, The cd, must he filled, no
to huvn a. perf< Bt ear
f KITI ?Iii,..1.1 I... i -??< 1 I
section, so that best results might be
Prof. Barrow then touched upon
conditions pertaining to the fertility
of the soli. He considered it not
simply a matter of the quantity of
plant food, but how to get at and
utilize the plant food already In the
soil. This year 14,000,000 pounds of
mixed fertilizers and 3,000,000
pounds of cotton seed meal were
used In the State of South Carolina.
The State this year produced only 1,
100,000 bales of cotton. In four
years the Increased use of manufac?
tured fertilizers has been 50 per cent,
while the increase in cotton produc?
tion has been only 25 pr cent. Cot?
ton must pay this bill of about $16
per bale. There are other conditions
of more Importance than plant foo i
In the soil. Often soils with plenty
of plant food in them refuse to pro?
duce plants. Plants can only take
food that has been dissolved in wa?
ter, and unless the plant food is solu
able in water it is absolutely without
benefit. The problem is to render
the plant food available, and the
question Is how? Among the most
active agents for this purpose are the
oxygen and carbonic acid In the air.
Moisture is, also, of prime impor-.
tance. An excess will prevent plants
from thriving on account of its ex?
cluding the air. A deficiency of mois?
ture prevents the proper solution of
plant food. Moisture is also of Im?
portance because it enters so largely
Into the composition of the plant.
For every pound of dry matter used
in the production of an ear of corn,
300 times that amount of water is
used, which is brought up to the
plant by capillary attraction. Tn ?'ry
weather frequent stirring of the sur?
face soil Is the best way to hold the
moisture, the bttrrad up portion acts
as a sponge. Frequent shallow stir?
ring is the best way to hold moisture.
If soil Is compact it will not drink up
moisture, and for this class of soils
deep fall breaking is greatly t?? Ks j
betterment; air is let into the soil and j
with it the cold which freezes an i
thaws to a great depth.
Decaying vegetable matter not
only returns to the soil all that it
has taken out of It, but in decompos?
ition it supplies other plant foods
by reason of its fermentation. De?
caying vegetable matter if turned
in will enable the soil to hold its
moisture, and assist its capillary
attraction. It is of great Improve?
ment to the mechanical condition of
A fertile soil is one teeming
with bacteria organisms. W%! must
consider under what conditions bac?
teria life thrives best. There must
be plenty of air decayed vegetable
matter, proper temperature, and
a proper amount of moisture. The
cultivation of bacteria life should be
one of the prime objects of a farm?
er. The work of bacteria is the
tearing down and rendering soluable
plant food, when the air is excluded
the work of the bacteria counts for
nothing. Bought fertilizers should
not be too greatly depended on.
They correspond to the farmer as
patent medicine does to the physi?
cian. It does add plant food of a
soluable kind, but It is useless to add
plant food of a kind that the soil is
not deficient in, or when it is de?
ficient In another. The conditions
of the soil are to be considered, and
the soil should be experimented with
in order to find out exactly what it
needs for proper growth of the
plants' desired to be raised. The j
farmer must use fertilizers that will
supply the elements that the soil j
needs, and they can get more and
batter results from decayed vege
table matter than from any manu?
factured fertilizers on the market.
If a farmer would only mix his own
; fertilizer, he would save $5.00 per
'? ton for the mixing alone, and he
would get the ingredients that his
soil most needs. Stable manure, the
, best of all fertilizers, supplies plant
food in soluable form, vegetable
matter, and furnishes a source of
Innoculatlon with bacteria?the best
\ that can be had. A man is wasteful
I who sells any rough feed from his
farm; he carries off fertility with all
the benefit that he has taken from It
In the way of fertilization and be?
sides the bacteria. The profit to
the farmer would be doubled by a
gain in fertilizer and a gain in the
flesh of his animals. Commercial
fertilizers pay best only when there
is a proper amount of vegetable mat?
ter in the soil. He hoped that the
day would soon come when not a
dollar's worth of nitrogen would be
purchased in South Carolina.
Prof. Barrow's address was al?
together Interesting, and will un?
doubtedly prove of Immense benefit
to all who were fortunate enought
to here him. His audience will
surely be much larger when he
agains visits Sumter.
The Delineator for January,
Women writers make The Delin?
eator for January the m<>st impor?
tant of the midwinter magazines.
Mrs. Philip X. Moore, president of
the General Federation of Women's
Clubs, explains what the clubwomen
of the United States expect to ac?
complish during 1910. Marie Rap
pold, the grand opera star. who
achieved fame without a foreign
training, tells how "I Blazed the
Way for American Singers." Mabel
Potter Daggett gets down to bedrock
in "Suffrage Enters the Drawing
Room," In whicli she gives intimate
pictures of the leaders in the new
women's movement. Mme. Teresa
! Carreno, the celebrated musician,
gives her interpretation of Edward
MacDowell's "Barcarolle." The clev?
er writer, Minnie J. Reynolds, has a
study of the liquor question, and in
"Gone Dry" puts down some rather
The January number is particu?
larly strong in fiction. Rudyard
Kipling's story, "The Conversion of
St. Wilfrid," is the best of the series
that he has written especally for
The Delineator. Grace MacGowan
Cooke's serial, "The Power and the
Glory," becomes intense. Owen Oliv?
er contributes a dainty, lovable story
called "The Understudy." Perceval
Gibbon is up to his high standard in
"The Sense of Climax." Jay Cady
has "Sylvester Abend."
The January articles fit in the
whole house. Rev. Edward Tall
madge Root in the series "What's
the Matter with the Churches?"
takes up "The Waste in Church
Property." "The Home a Club for
Boys" and "The Dangers of Institu?
tional Life" give suggestions on chil?
dren, while "Training the Girl in the
Home" tells what to do with the
The fashions are especially replete.
Clara E. Slmcox, the fashion author?
ity, in "Her Infinite Variety" tells
what she saw at the opening of the
New Theatre in New York. Edouard
La Fontaine gives all that is latest
in Paris, while Helen Berkeley Lloyd
discusses "New Year's Reckonings
and Resolutions." The fashions in
the big cities of the world are print?
ed in colors, and all that 1? latest ir
dress Is handleo
The money order clerk at t!i<
post office is a busy man these days
and it is said he ia m neeu ui auto?
matic stamps for Richmond and
Jacksonville orders, he has so many
to make out on those offices.
The up-to-date merchant adver?
tises and it stands to reason that an
up-to-date merchant is the one to
patronize. See the point?.
school m ili>in<;s < KITH isf.d.
Many off Tliom Dangerous According
To State Pipe Inspector.
Columbia. Dec. IS.?"I regret v*ry
much to have to report the condition
j of many school buildings in the
. State as far short of what they
' should be." says B. A. Wharton in
in his report to Insurance Commissi?
oner McMaster after inspecting tho
school buildings of the State with
reference to fire protection and fire
"I And comparatively few school
buildings in the State properly pro?
vided with the fire extinguishers, and
fire escapes, which, in my opinion, is
very essential to the safety of the
property and the lives of occupants
of such buildings.
I "I further call your attention to
the fact that there are school build?
ings in South Carolina packed to
their fullest capacity with human
souls, that neither have no fire es?
capes are so inadequate that in event
of a conflagration during school
hours, it would be almost, if not
impossible, to empty such buildings
of occupants without serious loss of
STOLEN?A small black mule.S
Weighs about 675 pounds; 7 or 8
years old. White spot on back,
under seddle, also Rock Hill bug?
gy, second-hand. Reward of $25
for return. Notify J. T. Atkinson,
Mayesville, s. C. R. f. D. No. 1.
FOR SALE?One 35 H. P. Liddell
Boiler and one 35 H. P. Eagle En?
gine. Both in good condition. A
bargain for some one. P. M. Pitts.
We have a very large stock of
all the Imported and domestic
perfumes?Rogar and Gallet, Pen
aud, (Kirkoff Djerkis), etc. j
Hudnut Goods of ail kinds.
Hudnut Violet Sec Toilet Water,
each bottle put up in a handsome
enbossed Christmas Box. No
75c and $1.40 for Bottle.
CUT GLASS BOTTLES full
of the finest perfumes from Si.oo
SIBERT'S DRUG STORE,
W. W. SIBERT.
8 S. Main St. Phone 283.
Red figured effects,
deep shades, in
Silks specially woven
Slip easily under
all-silk, in ovet sixty
plain colcrs, three
Grand Prize St. Louis World's Fair
for Quality, Workmanship and Style
m ? 8
tH ?? " . IK '
Hear Ihii Lnb?
T| HE selection of a suitable
I Christmas Gift for a Man or
a Boy, is an easy proposition
at this store.
We have so many "just
right" things, that it's only a matter of
choice in making selections.
The thing a Man or Boy appreciates
most?the thin .^s he v. ould buy for himself
?are here in great variety and the picking
is now at its best.
CHOICE GARMENTS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
CORRECT HEADWEAR OF ALL SORTS.
TOGGERY FROM MAKERS, THAT KNOW HOW.
CHOICE OUTFITTING IN ALL THE BEST STYLES.
Our store fairly glows with the spirit of
Christmas, and WC promise you the best of
service, looking or buying. Make ,your
selections early I
The D. J. Chandler Clothing Co.,
Sumter. S. C.