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TUtC Sl'MTER WATCHMAN, Eetabl
Consolidated Aug. 2.188
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MOOES MAY HEAD MARINE
Carolina Officer Likely to Suc?
ceed Gen. Elliott.
'Washington, Dec. 17.?It Is not
Improbable that South Carolina will
hare a candidate to aucceed Brig.
Oen Elliott, of the marine corps.,
when that officer retiree the early
pert of the coming year. Thla can?
didate will be Uuet. Col. P. J. Moses.
Col. Moaes Is from Bumter and went
to Annapoll? at the age of 17. His re?
cord la the marine cot p haa been an
exceptional one. He was In charge
of the battalion of marinea at Peatn,
China. In the Boxer uprising, and wai
pralaed fer hla gallantry by Gen.
Chaffee. Hla battalion was first to
land In Cuba In the Spanish Ameri?
can war. and he ia at present In Nic?
aragua, attached to the staff of Ad?
In September, 1100. Oen. Chaffee
made an Interacting report concern?
ing Col. Moaea and the selge of Be?
ttln. In this report he aald:
"With special pleasure do I com?
mend the lat regiment of marines,
earring with thla expedition during
the march from Tientsin to Pekln.
for fortitude shown by both officers
sad men during a march made mo?t
ig because of intense heat and a
leral abaence of water suitable to
Without exception, the fa
of the march was borne to the
of physical endurance without
ions iMWMB in br this
it on August ? and f were
almost entirely In fields of standing
, a/here scarcely a breath of air
obtainable, and rendered align?
ment and the keeping of direction
very difficult and marching unusually
"The regiment was frequently un?
my personal observation, and I
intend It highly for aoldlerly qual
Itlea Particularly do I desire to In?
vite attention to Major U W. T. Wal?
ler and Capt P. J. Moaea. the bat?
talion commanders, whoae energy,
good judgment and capacity to com?
mand their battalions I noted with
"The further operation of this reg?
iment with the expedition. Including
the taking of Pekln, August 14 and
19. was exceedingly satisfactory and
deserving of high praise and com
aaendatiop for services well perform?
"My congratulations and thanks
are extended to the officers and men
of the regiment.
"Attention is specially invited to
the reporta of battalion and company
Commander? for detail? of service by
battalions and companies."
Major Oen. Thoma? H. Barry wrote
the commandant of the marine corps
during the past summer as follows:
"I deem It my duty, as It (s my
pleasure, to report to you concern?
ing the efficiency of Lieut. Col. F. J.
Moese. U. 8. marine corpa.
"During all the time that I com
an ended the army of Cuban pacifica?
tion?more than two yaara?Col. Mo?
ses commanded the lat provisional
regiment. U. s. marine?, which gar?
risoned several outlying stations In
Cuba In addition to having a bat?
talion at Camp Columbia. The suc?
cess of that regiment In Cuba is due.
to great measure, to the efficiency of
Col. Moses as its commander, and to
hie conscientious and devoted atten?
tion to every detail of hla duty. Col.
Moaes Is a fine disciplinarian and an
officer of unuaual efficiency, charac?
ter and devotion to duty.
"This letter la entirely inaoltclted
I and Col. Moaes has no knowldege, di?
rectly or ladlrectly. that It Is being
written; the motive which prompts
me in sending it is that his unusually
efficient service In Cuba may be of
Sixteen thousand bunches of ba?
nanas arrived at Chsrlsston Tuesday
from South America.
The South Carolina Live stock As?
sociation will be hsld In Columbia
Ushed April, 1850.
?He Just ai
MARINES TO NICARAGUA.
THE BUFFAIiO, NOW AT PANAMA
TO HITKKY TO CORINTO.
Americans Residing at Managua Have
Appealed to the United States Con?
sulate for Protection?Zelaya Ha*
Instructed National Assembly to
Cast Its Vote for President for a
Man who Is Persona Non Grata to
Washington, December 17.?The
United States ship Buffalo, now at
Panama with seven hundred marines
on board, has been ordered to sail at
once for Corlnto. This action was
taken today as the resulc of a tele?
gram received from the United States
consulate at Managua, in which it was
state.1 that Inasmuch au Zelaya. In his
message resigning the Presidency,
had made unpleasant reference to
Americans, and owing to a report
which was current in that city to the
effect that civilian adherents of Zela?
ya had been armed with daggers, the
cltlsens of the United States residing
,ln that city had appealed to the con?
sulate for protection.
Another telegram from the Ameri?
can consulate at Managua states that
It is currently rumored there that
when Madriz arrives in Managua, pre?
sumably to-morrow, Zelaya formally
will surrender his office to t'ie nation?
al assembly and that that body has
already received instructions from
Zelaya to cast its vote for Iras as
President of Nicaragua.
The rnmor Is directly at variance
with the understanding here based
on dispatches from Nicaragua offici?
ally or otherwise to the effect that
Madriz would receive the support not
only of Zelaya himself, but of his
The conclusion of the United States
officers at Managua Is that by the se?
lection of lrlas, Zelaya will still re?
tain his hold In power and continue
to dominate the situation.
This chnge of front on the part of
Zelaya Is a matter of no very great
surprise to the officials here, it being
well known that both lrlas and Mad
ris have long been regarded as Zela
ya's wilUu* tools. The hurry orders
sent to the Buffalo to proceed at once
H Certnto may have some significance
other than that stated, inasmuch as
her arrival there is looked for on the
very day that Madriz Is expected to
arrive In Managua.
Whether the seven hundred mar?
ines on the arrival of the Buffalo at
Corlnto will be placed under the or?
ders of the United States consulate at
Managua does not appear, but it is
assumed that the commander of the
Buffalo will take such steps as he may
deem necessary under his general In?
structions to proteot American clti
zons and American interests.
Rear Admiral Klmball, who went
to Panama on the Dixie, will accom?
pany the marines to Corlnto. He will
then take command of the naval ves?
sels at that port. Those now there
are the Albany, Torktown, Vicksburg
and the collier Saturn. The Princeton
is expected to arrive to-night.
10.000,060 GINNED TO DECEMBER
Report of National G Inners' Assoela
tlon Places Cotton Prepared for
Market at 9.429,000 Bales.
Memphis, Tenn.. Dec. 17.?The re?
port of the National Ginners' Asso?
ciation today shows that 9,4 29,000|
bales of cotton had been ginned to
December 14, 1909.
The report by States follows: Ala?
bama. 994,000; Arkansas. ?52.000;
Florida. 68.000; Georgia, 1,778,000;
Louisiana 246.000; Mississippi, 966,
000; Missouri and Virginia, 52,000;
North Carolina. 596,000; Oklahoma,
621,000; South Carolina. 1,074,00;
Tennessee, 221,000; Texas, 2.271,000.
LABOR ULTIMATUM IGNORED.
Steel Corporation Has Paid No At?
tention to Union Loaders.
Birmingham. Ala., Dec. 17.?E. H.
Gary, chairman of the United States
8teel Corporation, who leaves Birm?
ingham by way of Atlanta for New
York early tomorrow morning, when
asked tonight about the recently de?
clared war on the corporation by
prominent union labor officials said:
"We have paid no attention to it.
We try to treat our men in such a
way as to give them confidence in us.
At the beginning of the year, when
other companies reduced the pay of
their employees, we kept our rolls
up, and I do not feel any lack of con?
fidence on their part."
The Columbia College for Women
will erect a new dormitory at a cost
iHl Fear not?Lot all the ends Tbou \i?
ER. S. C, WEDNESI
MANAGUA CHEERS MADRIZ.
PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE WEL
COMK1) AT THE CAPITAL.
Probable Successor of Zelaya Gets
Enthusiastic Reception? Madrlz
Not Certain How Revolutionists'
Will Receive Him?Declines to
Comment on Zelaya's Administra?
tion or on Action of I nited States.
Managua. Nicaragua. Dec. 19.?
Jose Madriz, Judge of the Central
American Court of Justice, at Car?
tage who has been put forward as a
candidate for the Presidency to suc?
ceed Zelaya, receive:! an enthusiastic
reception on his arrival here today.
Long before he reached the capital,
Madrlz was the object of cheering
crowds He was met by delegations
from various departments and ac?
claimed all along the way from Cor
into to Managua.
At this place the crowds awaiting
the appearance of the candidate were
extraordinary. Troops and police
were out in force for the protection
I of Madrlz, who proceeded on foot to
I a hotel through an almost inextrica
I ble mass of people, the soldiers and
I detectives breaking a way for him
I through the solid ranks, pushing and
I throwing aside the frantic people.
In front of the park there were
I hostile cries against the attempt of
I the soldiers to clear the street, and
I immediately fifty civilians, all of them
I residents of Leon, the home of Mad
I riz, and the stronghold of the Lib
I erals who favor his candidacy, whlp
I ped out revolvers, brandishing them
I in the air. They formed a compact
I mass around Madrlz, acting as his
I bodyguard and escorting him to his
For the moment the situation was
I critical. There were shouts of "Viva,
I Leon; to hell with Managua!" No
I shots were fired, however, and the
I procession went on its way. The
I Presidential candidate's face was
I flushed and wore a look of anxiety.
I He was accompanied to the hotel by
I the Mexican minister, and from this
I place the crowds were shut out.
I I Dr. Madriz arrived at 9 o'clock this
I morning at Coiinto aboard the steam
I er Acapulco from Santa Arenas, Cos
I ta Rica. He was received by cirm
I missions representing Congress, the
I Supreme Court and the munlcipall
I ties of Leon, Managua, Chinandega
I and Masaya. A salute of 101 guns
I was fired in his honor. Soldiers lined
I the piers at attention, and enthu
I siasm marked the greeting of the
1 crowds along the water front. Dr.
I Madrlz, though seemingly well pleas
I ed at his welcome, made no speech.
I Soon after he landed he said in an
I interview: '
"I shall accept the honor which has
I been offered me. I am not the candi
I date of Leon, but of the entire Re
I public. My chief concern will be to
I appease the ancient sectionalism
I which has divided certain localities."
? Dr. Madrlz said that he was not
I certain how the revolutionists would
I receive him. He had sent a delegate
I to Blueflelds to confer with the rev
I olutionary leaders there, but his rep
I resentatlve had not been permitted to
I land. Gen. Estrada sent word that,
1 if he had come to treat for peace, it
I was useless. Madrlz was hopeful,
I however, that he would succeed In
I making peace with the revolutionists.
I He had conferred at Punta Arenas
I with Adam Cardenas, the former
I president of Nicaragua and now head
I of the Conservative party, and a mu
I tual promise of co-operation had
I been exchanged. Cardenas was over
I thrown from the Presidency by Ze
I laya in 1891, and recently he was re
I ported as having taken the field
I against his old enemies, heading an
I expedition which was preparing in
I Costa Rica for an attack upon Nica
I ragua. It also was asserted that the
I former President had bound himself
I to support the candidacy of Gen. Es
Dr. Madriz declined to comment
I upon Zelaya's administration, nor
I would he discuss the question of ln
I terventlon by the United States, but
I he expressed the hope that an amic
I able settlement would be reached, as
I he had trust in the high sense of Jus
I tlce of the American people.
The candidate was met at Chinan
I dega and Leon by almost as great
I crowds as had gathered at Corlnto,
I and they shouted "long live the sa
I viour of Nicaragua." There was, how
I ever, a remarkable absence of hostile
I cries to Zelaya. The people of Leon
I were wildest In their demonstration
of friendliness. Flowers were show?
ered upon Madrlz, as though he were
a hero returning from the wars. Can?
non were fired and skyrockets shot In?
to the air, despite the daylight. T he
band played the Marseillaise, while
many joined in the singing of the
hymn. Conspicuous In the breeze were
ns't at bo thy Country's, Thy God's ai
)AY. DECEMBER 92
SEMINOLE HEBERT JAILED.
Exjiert Sales Agent Who Engineered
Rig Transaction Arrested in Chat?
Columbia, Dec. 18.?C. J. Hebert,
who was indicted with Jno. Y. Gar
lington, James Stobo Young, Orvillo
H. Hall, Crawford J. Cooper and B.
W. Lacy and true bills returned by a
Richland grand jury, last September,
on charges of "conspiracy and ob?
taining money and other property by
false pretense and representations,"
was arrested in Chattanooga yester?
day, by request of the Columbia au?
thorities. A telegram was received
I by Sheriff W. H. Coleman yesterday
from the sheriff of Hamilton county,
Tenn., saying that Hebert was under
arrest there and would fight extradi
I tlon. The papers for extradition have
J been sent to the governor of Tennes
I see and a request was made to the
I Tennessee authorities yesterday for
I his detention until the arrival of
I these documents.
I Solicitor Wade Hampton Cobb re
I ce.itly wrote to this defendant ex
I plaining that unless he came to Co
I lumbla to give bond to insure his
1 presence at the Court of General Ses
I slons, which meets January 4, he
J would be arrested and brought here.
I This letter remaining unanswered or
J not acknowledged, the arrest was re
I qiiested. The other defendants have
I all arranged satisfactorily for their
I presence at the trial of the case.
I The conspiracy charged is in con
I nection with the sale of the 3,000
I shares of stock in the Southern Life
I Insurance Company to the Seminole
j Securities Company, which sale was
I afterwards repudiated by the stock
I holders. C. J. Hebert (pronounced
J ee-bair, with accent on last syllable)
I was an expert stock salesman who ne
I gotlated the sale, while the other de
I fendants in? the case were officials in
J the two companies except O. H. Hall.
I J. Y. Garlington was president of the
I Seminole concern and J. Stobo Young
I secretary. C. J. Cooper was presi
I dent of the Southern Life and B. W.
I Lacy actuary. Lacy and Garlington
I had come from a Rome Ga., com
I pany to the two companies which
I they tried to consolidate in 1908.
SUGAR TRUST MEN CONVICTED,
Government's First Step in Prosecu?
New York, Dec. 17.?The jury to?
night found guilty five of the six em?
ployees of the American Sugar Re?
fining Company who have been on
trial for the past three weeks charg?
ed with criminal conspiracy to de?
fraud the government of customs
dues on imported raw sugar. In the
case of James F. Bendernagel, a for?
mer cashier of the company's Wil
llamsburg plant, the jury disagreed.
Mercy is recommended for all those
The jury was out ten hours. Under
the indictment, Oliver Spitzer, a dock
superintendent, John R. Coyle, Thos.
Kehoe, Edward A. Boyle and Patrick
J. Henuessy, checkers, may be punish?
ed for the commission of two overt
acts, the maxinaum penalty for each
of which is two years' imprisonment
and $6,000 fine.
The failure to convict Cashier Ben?
dernagel is regarded by the govern?
ment as a distinct disappointment.
As other indictments are pending
against the convicted five on which
they are yet to be tried, it was agreed
by the government that they be pa?
roled in custody, of counsel, with
leave to renew bail when argument
for a new trial is heard at a date to
John Peach, who w;as wounded in
a pistol duel with D. W. Belk in Ker
shaw county, died from the wound he
two American flags.
In a speech of welcome a Leonese
journalist, perched upon the should?
ers of friends at the station platform
said: ..This is no time for a policy of
conciliation or pardon. It is the time<
for a polcy of punishment for the of?
fenders against the public good."
In Managua the situation is tense.
Zelaya has offered the American con?
sul a guard of soldiers for the con?
sulate, but this offer has been de?
After the demonstrations this af?
ternoon the American consul recon?
sidered his decision and requested the
government to place two sentries at
the consulate and two at the legation*
Dr. Madriz made a short speech
from the balcony of the hotel, be?
seeching co-operation in the burial of
sectionalism. This evening Dr. Mad?
riz paid a visit to Zelaya, lastng a con?
The Mexican warship Gen. Guer?
rero has arrived at Corlnto.
f New 8er
COOK'S Pr /< QUESTIONED
COPBNH ^' ? SCIENTISTS ARE
AT V ^XTLY DIVIDED.
Surface indications Arc That The
Professors of the University of Co?
penhagen Have Found Cook's Rec?
ords Insufficient to Establish His
Claim That He Reached the North
Pole?Their Work Not Finished.
Copenhagen, Dec. 18.?The consis?
tory of the University of Copenhagen,
at a secret session today, reclved from
the examining committee a prelimin?
ary report covering the first stage of
the work of the committee which is
examining the North Polar ?records of
Dr. Frederick A. Cook. An excited
discussion followed. The consistory
listened to the report which provok?
ed an animated discussion. It appears
that the data so far submitted are
not held sufficient to establish the ex?
The result of today's discussion
was a request on the part of the con?
sistory that the committee continue
It is announced by an official of the
University that the consistory will u t
make public any communication
based upon information recived oral?
ly from the committee at today's
The report was presented by Rec?
tor Torp, but its nature was carefully
guarded. It was admitted, however,
that the work thus far accomplished
provoked an animated debate among
the University officials.
"The committee's work is not vet
finished," said Rector Torp.
"I cannot tell how long it will on
tlnue, but I hope that the report can
be made public before New Year's.
Roth the members of the eonsystory
and the examining committee ? have
been forbidden strictly to make pub?
lic anything whatever regardin g what
has been accomplished thus far by
the Investigators." x
From the beginning of the contio
versy the populace of Copenhagen
has been decidedly Pro-Cook. Pa?
triotism has strengthened this senti?
ment. Recent developments, how?
ever, have been disappointing, and to?
day the general Impression prevails
that Dr. Cook's papers submitted do
not constitute proof that he discover?
ed the North Pole. It is learned thct
several memebrs of the University
consistory are exceedingly angry ov?r
the rector's preliminary report., one
of them expressing regret that the
University had not waited until Dr.
Cook's claims that he reached the
Pole had been proved before iion.^r ?
The Copenhagen newspapers up to
the present time have been wholly
friendly to Dr. Cook, but it Is learn?
ed that some of the leading Jallles
tomorrow will print articles throwing
doubt on Cook's trustworthiness.
TO FIGHT WHITE SLAVE BILL.
Democratic Congressman Say it Is
Blow at State Rights.
Washington, Dec. 18.?There will
be a very vigorous minority report
by four Democratic members of the
House committee in Inter-State and
commerce In the Mann "white slave"
bill, which was favorably acted up?
on by a majority of that committee
The minority report, which will be
written by Representative Richard?
son, of Alabama, will assert that the
whole matter is one to be handled by
the immigration committee, that the
Inter-State commerce is unconstitu?
tional, and a gross violation of the
right of States to regulate the morals
of their own Inhabitants.
The minority report will be signed
by Representative Richardson, of
Alabama; Bartlette, of Georgia;
Adamson, of Georgia, and Peters, of
"This piece of legislation," said
Representative Richardson today, "I
characterize as the worst piece of
cant and hypocrisy that has lately
been perpetrated by the Republican
"Because the majority believes that
It Is In relation to a subject upon
which we dare not to offer objection
to any kind of regulation, they pro?
pose to enact a law that lets down
the bars as far as invading the rights
of States are concerned, if this bill
becomes a law, the Federal govern?
ment can go to any extent In enforc?
ing the regulation of the morals and
IVealth of any State."
A man was fined $15 in the police
court in Columbia for chucking a
lady under the chin while he was
drunk. Moral: Be sober when you
chuck a lady under the chin.?An?
derson Mail.?It also depends some?
what on who is doing the chucking.
E SOUTHRON, Establlslied June, ISM
ies-Vol XXX. y.iK 34.
NOTED THIS WEEK.
South, "West, and Liverpool. Have
Been Small?Approach of Christ?
mas Has Affected the Market.
New York, Dec. 17.?Price have
sagged under the weight of liquida?
tion by Southern and Western opera?
tors. Also Liverpool has been a per?
sistent seller. The spot sales there
have been very small and the condi?
tion of trade across the water is rep?
resented as being very poor, even if
the comparatively large spinners*
tiklngs do not altogether bear out
this statement. Curtailment seems to
be spreading or both sides of the wa?
ter, owing to the semi-failure of the
crop, both in this country and in
Egypt and the high cost of raw ma?
Rumors that large Southern opera?
tors who have been here for some
time were about to return home have
at times had a disquieting effect, al?
though such reports were not veri
1 fled. There was persistent talk, too,
to the effect that during the coming
week legislation on the big cotton ex?
changes of the country will be intro?
duced at Washington. Spinners are
complaining bitterly of the high cost
of raw cotton and are said to be per?
sistently fighting any advance by
holding aloof as much as possible
from the market. Furthermore, as
usual at the approach of the holi?
days, there is more or less selling of
what is termed "Christmas cotton."
Jn addition there has been not a
little liquidation of speculative hold?
ings as a matter of precaution on the
approach of the holidays. The mar?
ket, too, has reached a point where
it evidently "bulls" less easily than
when it was at a lower level. Yet
on the other hand some large South?
ern and Chicago bulls are said to
have latterly re-entered the market
regarding the situation as distinctly
strong and promising much higher
prices in the future. Cotton goods
have been more active in some direc?
tions at rising prices. New England
spinners in some cases are said to
riave-ttten -buying futnVeV Thv re *
celpts have been light and the quan?
tity brought into sight for the week
is very much below that for the same
time last year. Spot cotton has been
very generally steady and though
quiet In most sections of the South,
has been somewhat more active at
New Orleans and Memphis. Bulls
think that a large short Interest has
latterly been created here. Promi?
nent Philadelphia spot merchants,
according to the common under?
standing, have been good buyers
most of the week. On Friday, Wall
street and Southern interests bought
heavily on reactions followed by a
good many of the commlss'on houses.
Bulls have an idea, too, that the East
Indian crop is not so large as it has
been represented to be. In any case,
tttey think every bale produced by
the world this year will be needed to
supply the world's consumption. The
Philadelphia yarn trade has improv?
ed somewhat. The National Ginners*
Association stated the amount ginned
at 9,429,000 bales to December 13.
Today prices declined early on dull
and weak cables from Liverpool and
bearish pressure, but recovered the
loss later on bull support and cover?
FEW PASSED CENSUS TESTS.
Only Fifty-four South Carol i nans
Successfully Stood Examination.
Washington, December 17.?Direc?
tor Durand, of the census bureau, to?
day informed Representative Patter?
son that only 54 the applicants in
South Carolina who recently stood
examintion for clerkship in the cen?
sus bureu here had been successful.
This covers the entire State. Mr. Du
rnd seemed to think that this inabili?
ty to pass the examination success?
fully was no reflection on those who
attempted them, but was more to be
accounted for by reason of the fact
tiat the questions asked were large?
ly those dealing with manufacturing
and kindred matters, about which
many persons have little knowledge.
It is not yet known whether another
opportunity will be given South Caro?
linians to try for these places.
Morgan to Fight Bell.
Toledo, Ohio, Dec. 17.?Official an?
nouncement was made here tonight
of r.he purchase by J. P. Morgan &
Co., of the controlling interest in the
five additional Independent telephone
companies of Ohio and Indiana. It is
announced also that the companies
will be operated exclusively by Mor?
gan & Co., and that the Bell has
nothing to do with the deal.