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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 22, 1909, Image 4',
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WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found
ad In 1950 and the True Southron In
Hit. The Watchman and Southron
aow haa the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
Deacon Hemphlll Is a wily old bird,
according to the way Zach McOhee
dopes It out. and boon companion to
one Hong Kong Gander and one big
Fat Man, of fragrant memory. There
la no way of aacertalnlng the exact
relation the Deacon bears to Presi?
dent Taft and the Federal pie coun?
ter, but there are not wanting algna
confirmatory of the truth of Mc
Ohee's charge that he has succeeded^
Capt. John O. Capera aa referee and
patronage distributor In and for
South Carolina. If t ;lngs are aa Mc?
Ohee says they are. does It portend
a .change In politics or a change of
editors for the Nawa and Courier?
The concluding aantance of the
above paragraph naada explanation
to this extant?If Bdltor-ln-Chlef
Hemphlll 'has succeeded Capt Capers
aa Republican referee, he haa openly
proclaimed hla Republicanism, and
can no longer claim to be a Demo?
cratic editor of a Democratic news?
paper. If ha ramalna In charge un?
der theae conditions the Newa and
Courier will havo to change Its title
for the political creed It profeaaea, or
gat a new editor whoae affiliation
with the Republican party haa leaa
notoriety. So long as a newspaper
claims to be Democratic and Its edi?
tor continues In regular standing In
the party organisation the public will
wink at flagrant and persistent
heresy, but when the editor becomea
a patronage dlatrtbutor the cat la out
of the bag.
If Dr. Cook la not a braxen faker,
he la the victim of malicious ad re?
e e ?
resident Zalaya haa put a apoke In
t: wheel of the Washington admin?
istration, which aeemed about to carry
through aucceaafully another Crom
acy. Hla resignation was a most un
ely and unwelcome occurrence,
Ir. J. C. Hemphlll, of the Newa
nnd Courier Ignores the charge of
h McOhae that he has succeeded
Cant. John G. Capera aa Republican
referee for South Carolina. The
'??-.<rge la either too silly and propos?
es ous to be noticed, or too serious
to be satisfactorily explained.
\11 who wish to enter tha Piano
' ntast should gat Into tha race this
? ek. The nominations close Friday
at f p. m. There Is still plenty of
ttrne to ent*r the race und win tha
grand prlsa. Nona of the candidates
' ve a lead that cannot ha overcome
a hustling candidate. Fifty aub
? iptions to the Watchman and
t' uthron or fifteen to tha Dal'y Item
s uld give more votes than any one
of tha candidates now haa. Do you
want a $400 piano? The conteat does
not close until February 28th, ad
there la plenty of time.
We will give sway on February
llth a $400 Piano and two $50 gold
watchea to tha persons receiving tha
highest number of votes In tha vot?
ing conteat that we are condutclng.
Theae valuable artlclea are absolute?
ly free gifts and will cost the recip?
ients not a penny. The conditions of
tha contest are simple nnd easy and
the person who wants the piano or a
watch can obtain It by devoting spsre
time to soliciting subscribers to this
paper and collecting ballots from our
regular aubacrlbera. It is a mutual
help proposition, and our profit
cornea from tha new subscribers and
tha additional bualness that we gain
from this form of advertising. We
are spending $500 to advertlae our
bualness snd to Induce our friends
and patrons to solicit new subscrib?
ers. It Is a business proposition and
If we did not believe It would pay we
would not make the offer, but the
Piano and Watches will be given
away on Feb. 28 whether we make
or lose?three people are sure to re?
ceive the prizes as advertised. The
three who make the most energetic
effort and enlist the aid of the great
eat number >f friends will win the
prises !*j other words those who se?
cure the largest r. umber of subscrib?
ers will be the winners.
The nominations will < o e Friday,
Dec. 24th und If you wish to try for
one of the prises send In your name
at once. The contest will not close
until February 28th and after the
nominations close there will be sixty
davs In which to solicit subscribers
and work for tho valuable prlezs we
People In Chester county are be?
ing vaccinated by the hundred on
account of an outbreak of smallpox
in that county.
Thirty-nine marines have been or?
dered to Colon from the Charleston
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. \V. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these column's.
Also to publish such clip dngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o. r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ubllshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for t) Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
MayesvMle. a. C.
So mo Random Thoughts.
To begin: I wish to thank Prof.
Williams for his article last week
on "Greater Sumter County." This
Is the second contributed article
since since I took charge of these
columns nearly a year ago. In Sat?
urday's paper Prof. Williams gave a
very good synopsis of the instructive
talk of Prof. Barrow at the Farm?
ers' Institute on Wednesday. Prof.
Barrow was equally interesting on
Thursday and the few farmers who
attended these meetings felt fully re?
paid. I trust our readers will have
many articles from Prof. Williams,
and that his efforts for co-operative
farm demonstration will meet with
the hearty support of the farmers of
Sumter county In the year of grace,
Having labored "in season and out
of season" during the past year for
a Produce Exchange it was with a
feeling of some pride that the writer
was accorded the honor of being the
first subscriber to the stock of the I
"Farmers' Union Brokerage Co.," j
wheji the books of subscription were
opened In Sumter on Saturday. It
has taken a year to organise, now
brother Farmer do not become die- I
couraged because It does not Imme-1
dlately bring about that ideal con?
dition you may have in mind. Give
It your support In the purchase of
your supplies and especially in the
sale of the products of your farm,
orchard, garden, poultry yard and
dairy- Strive to have nothing but
the best to offer for sale. Have some
stencils and mark the name of your
farm on each package and let that
name be a guarantee of purity and
quality. You will not only And It
profitable, but the house-keepers of
Sumter will bless you. Once we get
wall started In this line of farming
and method of marketing, there will
never again in Sumter county be a
panic on acccount of the price of
cotton. E. W. D.
Get Out of Debt.
I aaw In a dally paper recently
that the tan banka In Halifax Coun?
ty, N. C. have one million dollars on
deposit. Now Halifax is a county
with no large towns, and most of this
money probably belongs to farmers.
H has been comparatively a few
years since Halifax had even one
bank, and It shows well for the in?
creasing prosperity In North Caro?
lina that she now has ten banks.
What Is true of Halifax Is true In
nearly every county In North Caro?
lina, and In many other parts of the
cotton country. North Carolina has
been' fortunate this year in having
rather a better cotton crop than
most of the other cotton States. The
country banks everywhere in the
South have large deposits belonging
to farmers, and this being the case,
can there ever .be a better time for
the farmers to get out of debt and
on a firm cash basis?
The man who now clears off his
debts and goes to work to farm right
can easily keep out of debt. He may
not see a great profit In feeding cat?
tle In winter, hut the cash in spring
will make him Independent of tbu
fertilizer man. for he can get what
he needa for a lower price than the
man who has to go in debt for It,
and he will have the manure to en?
rich his land and make him st*il
more Independent of the fertilizer
I have no quarrel with the manu?
facturers of fertilizers. They are,
and will always be, necesssary: but
what we want Is to see our Southern
farmers abandon the slavish devo?
tion to fertilizers merely for the pur?
pose of squeezing a little more sale
crop from the land and leaving it
worse than before. We want to see
them use the cheaper forms of plant
food that they must buy In a more
liberal manner for the increased pro?
duction of leguminous forage and
the Basking, through the aid of tills,
of more manuro from well-fed oattla,
We want to see them having some?
thing to sell all the year through and
ready at all times to pay cash for
labor and everything else needed to
I know a prosperous section where
the banks are full of the money of
farmers and where, when a town
merchant wants to borrow monev,
he goes to the farmers for It. And
these farmers have nice homea, blS*
barns, fine stock, and buy less fer?
tilizers than the cotton farmers do,
while their lands have steadilv in?
creased in productiveness. Here, on
land that was in my memory consid?
ered about worthless, a farmer made
this year over 1,200 bushels of corn
on thirteen arces of land from a i
turned-down crop of crimson el-?\??r,
and that farmer Invested some of his
profits in a farm in another part of
the county for $15,000 cash, and all
made at farming.
That farmer is a money-lender
and makes a small fortune every
year because he farms and does not
go in debt. He works seventy-five
hands on his various farms all sum?
mer and twenty in winter, and if you
should talk to him about a two
horse farm or a four horse farm he
would not know what you mean, for
he works all the horses he needs all
the time and figures on the amount
I of work to be done rather than on
I the number of acres to a mule.
Now that prosperity has come to
the Southern farmers, why should
they stay in debt and let their money
lie in the bank bringing no interest?
If yo i have gotten out of debt, now
is the time to stay out. Instead of
adding more acres, put your means
into the Improvement of the acres
you have, be they many or few. What
we need is not more land in cotton,
but more cotton on every acre and
fewer acres in the crop and more In
the auxiliary crops that will help us
get more money at different seasons
and thus keep out of debt. A farm?
ing community that remains In debt
these times is a community that has
not risen to its opportunities. When
I see a farmer's wagon backed up
to a supply store and loading bales
of hay and bales of cottonseed hulls,
1 know that there is a man in debt,
a man who is simply growing cotton
for the merchant and who belongs to
the merchant and fertilizer man as
much as if a bill of sale had beeen
signed for him. I do not need to
see that man's cotton nor his corn,
for I know that the man who buys
feed for his stock has little stock to
feed and little manure to enrich his
land, and that manure of the poor?
est quality, like his stock.
But when I meet a man on the
road, as I did some time ago, with
a wagon-load of drain tiles hauled
by a fine and well-fed pair of horses.
I know that there is a man using his
brains, and a man who has the cash
to spend for the improvement of his
land; for tiles are a cash article and
are not shipped to men who do not
pay their ^ebts. I at once want to
see that man's farm for I know there
is something there to see, and that
he has not a patch of corn here, a
patch of cotton there, with broom
j sedge waving between and every hol?
low in the field full of bushes, and
a crop lien on his poor crops. He is
able to buy and lay drain tiles for
the improvement of his land because
he has gotten on a cash basis anc\
can draw his check for what he
needs for the further improvement
of his land.
Buying on credit will keep any
farmer poor, and in this time of high
prices every farmer should get out of
debt and then keep out. A man call?
ing himself a farmer wrote me re?
cently that cowpea seed are so high
he wants to know what else he had
hotter buy to sow for the Improve?
ment of his land. A Southern far?
mer complaining of the high price
of peas is evidence that he is not
farming well. The high price of
peas should be as welcome to him as
the high price of cotton, for he
should always have some to sell In?
stead of buying; and ho should have
corn to SSlli and oats and potatoes,
and stlOllld welcome the high prices.
Do not take the risk of putting all
your land In cotton next spring and
argue that you cannot afford to grow
corn and oats and hay, for the
chances are that next year the all
cotton farmers will get seriously
left, and the man who stays In debt
now, and goes in debt next spring,
Is going to find that 15-cent cotton is
a thing of the past, since in spite of
all the efforts to reduce the acreage
there Is always a bigger acreage af?
ter a season of high prices. There?
fore, the wise farmer will go slow
and will farm in a good rotation and
have more idea of a big yield per
acre than an Increased acreage with
only cotton to depend on. There will
never be a better chance to get out
of debt than right now. Remember
that "the borrower is servant to the
lender," and the farmer who goes
In debt to grow cotton every year is
merely the servant of the merchant,
while the man out of debt and farm?
ing right is the boss of the town
man.?Prof. Massey In Progressive
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE NOTES
An Effort to Enlist Co-opeeat?on of
AU Busine? Men of Sumter Cour.
Secretary E. I. Reardon, of th?
Sumter Chamber of Commerce ia
making a strong effort to indueo the
fatmers, country merchants, jaw mill
men, and other representative busi?
ness men of the country (tlscrcis of
Sumter county to join that business
organization. He has sent out
number of letters inviting the farm?
ers and country merchants to send
in their applications for membership.
The Sumter Chamber of Commerce it
not a local Sumter business organize
tion, but is working, and has for
years worked for all the interests of
the entire county of Sumter. It was
due to the efforts of the Sumter
Chamber of Commerce that Con?
gressman A. F. Lever secured the soil
surveys and farm demonstration work
for Sumter and Lee counties. It was
this same organization that had sev?
eral good roads meetings, and is now
carrying on a good roads campaign.
The Sumter Chamber of Commerce is
also, through the health officer,
working on a plan to have a county
drainage and sanitary association
formed as a county branch of the re?
cently organized Pee Dee Sanitary
and Drainage Association.
This business organization has done
much for the rural districts, and it is
to the interest of every farmer, saw
mill man, and country merchant to
become a member of this organiza?
tion. Of course a separate leter can
not be addressed to every farmer and
other business man in Sumter coun?
ty. They can, however, be reached
through the press. There Is no mem?
bership fee charged. Only $5.00 year?
ly dues. Payable in advance. The
farmers and country merchants
should send In their names for mem?
250 Thrilling Stories.
In every family there is a constant
demand for stories?good, thrilling
stories of adventure and heroism.
That The Youth's Companion sup?
plies this demand is attested in more
than half a million homes.
The serial stories for 1910 alone
are well worth The Youth's Com?
panion subscription price. These
include stories by Arthur Stanwood
Pier. C. A. Stephens, Grace Rich?
mond, Charles Miner Thompson and
Winifred Kirkland. Send for full
Prospectus of the 1910 Volume and
see what an amount of the best read?
ing has been secured for The Youth s
Companion family for 1910.
If $1.75 for the 1910 Volume is
sent now, the new subscriber will be
entitled to all the remaining issues
of 1909, in addition to the 52 Issues
of 1910; also the "Venetian" Calen?
dar, lithographed In thirteen colors
and gold. Any one making a gift of
The Youth Companion receives an
extra copy of the Calendar, in addi?
tion to the copy for the subscriber.
The Youth Companion, Companion
Building, Boston, Mass. New sub?
scriptions received at this office.
Enforce the Law or Quit.
If the authorities do not enforce
the prohibition law in this county
any better than it is being enforced,
the thing will be worse than a farce.
It is no uncommon sight to see men
under the influence of whiskey or
something else. The traffic in lir.uot
is all over the country. Tl act
is wherever there is prohibition very
little effort is made to enforce the
law. Occasionally a friendless negro
is pulled, but rarely ever a white
man, and it is our honest belief that
where one gallon of booze is sold by
a negro, ten gallons is sold by or for
white men. Go where one will and
liquor Is sold, the laxity of the law's
enforcement amounts to but little
more than a free license. It Is be?
coming disgusting to realize how lit?
tle concern is given to a condition
that is fast becoming a nuisance, and
which the taxpayers sie being made
to suffer.? Manning Times.
Bankruptcy proceedings have been
Instltluted against J. B. Daniel & Co.
at Fort Lawn, S. C. Mr. Daniel's
failure is said to be due to his selling
! 1,000 bales of cotton at 10 cents.
COURSE IN COTTON CLASSING.
Clen .son Textile Department to In?
Clemson Colege, Dec. 19.?Prf. C.
B. Doggett, director of the textile de?
partment of Clemson College, has an?
nounced the follow ng:
A course in cotton classing, to he
taught at Clemson College. This is ,
to be a short course for farmers to
begin January 4, 1910, and to con?
tinue for six weeks. This work will
be given in the carding and spinning
division of the textile department by
Prof. D. E. Earle, who has had con?
siderable experience, as a classer and
also as a collaborator with the Uni?
ted States department of agriculture
in preparing the standard govern?
ment types, which are to be sent out
to the markets In the near future.
All of the important cottons of the
world are to be studied, but most of |
the practice is to be with the various |
varieties grown in the United States, i
and especially with those grown in |
South Carolina. Constant practice is j
to be given with a full line of samples, i
the premiums and penalties being ex?
plained for each grade.
It is the purpose of the course to
point out to the farmer the defects
which would lower the grade of his I
cotton and how some of them may be \
avoided, thereby increasing the mar- j
ket value of his cotton. Ginning, bal?
ing the various methods of averaging
a lot of cotton for a basis price are
discussed. Elementary bookkeeping
and ware house accounting are also
included in the course.
The Sumter Clothing Co. Is ready
for the Christmas shoppers with a
large and well selected stock of
staple and fancy articles suitable for
gifts for men and boys. The adver?
tisement today gives a few hints and
suggestions that will help the puzzled
shoppers, who cannot decide what to
give their gentlemen friends.
W. L. Bolt, former sheriff of An
derson county dropped dead Tues
TRAINMEN DKM AND MORE PAY.
Notice to bo Served Today on About
Pit'.sburg. Pa.. Dec. 19.?Notice
will be served tomorrow on about 75
railroad companies, all east of the
Mississippi River, by the Brotherhood
of Railway Traimen, that an increase
in wages for the trainmen wll be de?
manded, the ncrease to be from 6
per cent, to 40 per cent, the differ?
ence in the amount being caused by
the present method of paying the
trdnmen, according to a announce?
ment made here tonight.
\V. L. Lee, national president of the
Brotherhood, who was in Pittsburg
today, admitted that the notice will
be served tomorrow, but refused to
intimate what action, if any, will be
taken in case the demand is refused.
It is said the recent referendum vote
of the trainmen regarding the demand
for an incrase resulted i:i a practical?
ly unanimous vote in ite favor.
About 75.000 members of the
Brotherhood are employed on the
William Brown, colored, froze to
death at Tra elers' Rest, Greenville
STATE OP OHIO, CITY OF TO?
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that
he Is senior partner of the firm of F.
J. Cheney & Co., doing business in
the City of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid, and that said firm will pay
the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL?
LARS for each and every case of
Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
use of Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of De?
cember, A. D., 1886.
^Seal.) A. W. GLEASON,
Hail's Catarrh Cure Is taken Inter?
nally, and acts directly on the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Send for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con?
Oh! girls I have something to tell you,
Don't bother me tili I get throng I
(Jut on the piazza late last night
Ned came to me walking so light.
Ned who was always kind and polite,
4 * Ethel," he sa*d. in a tone very l?w?
44Let me ask you something before I go."
Look at me girls and answer at once,
^\m I insane or a natural dunce ?
Now don't I augh at me.
Doing such a thing isn't funny you see,
?an't a mar. tease if only he tries.
()h me! my! 'twas an awful surprise,
?urely I thought he was going :o propose.
^0 trembled all over from head to toes
'fhe idiot, think he wanted to v. ed ?
0n? no indeed, for this is what he said:
(Really this and nothing more,
44 ?ver been in O'Donnell's & Co's store ?"
|f she hadn't got angry and hurried away,
?he certainly would have known he had more to say.
The man didn't really mean to tea>e,
himself was not at east.
Ethel he loved with all his heart,
perhaps the knowledge was hard to impart
Living alone is a dreadful ? . .
fi^nd he intended to make her I - e,
^arry her to get what they n edeil rfiid more.
Everything could be got at O'l) nncii's store
*yhe man was trying to tell her hi }?ian,
Of course, he couldn't though fitter she ran
(joing home he murmured, i want her to know"
0'Donneil S: Co's store is the place to go."
We are better prepared than ever before for
the Christmas Shoppers. Everything that makes a
good, useful present will be found at
O'Donnell & Co.