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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 25, 1909, Image 2',
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?bt OdLifcbmaa ;mi) ?outbro&.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman wan found
?d In 1850 and the True Southron In
Hit. The Watchman and Southron
mow has the combined circulation and
influence of both of the old papers.
And Is manifestly the beat advertising
medium in Sumter.
During the year now drawing to a
close we have sent the Watchman
and Southern to our subscribers twice
a week at the same price previously
charged for the once-a-weck, issue.
To do this hss entailed considerable
additional expense and work, but we
feel repaid by the appreciation of our
patrons, who have, without excep?
tion, as far as we have been able to
ascertain, found the twlce-a-week
paper more satisfactory than the old
weekly. For next year we have
planed to make the Watchman and
Southron a better paper than ever
before and more of a necessity In
each household In this section of the
State. We sincerely appreciate the
loyal support and patronage of our
friends and we trust that they will
aid Is with their Influence end recom*
mendatlon to enlarge the circulation
and usefulnees of the paper until It
goes Into every home In Sumter and
Ws take this occaslc . to extend to
our friends in expression of appre?
ciation of their support, and to wish
for each and every one to whom this
greet'ng may come best wishes for
a happy Christmas and a happy and
?lore prosperous New Tesr than they
have ever before enjoyed.
wmmmmmm*. 1 .. -i J "J LL 1
Dr. Cook, on the face of the evi?
dence submitted, is an Imposter, but
as he made It pay handsomely and
aas salted down $100.000, he Is en?
titled to qualify for the capitalist
comptroller Oeneral Jones will
ler himself extremely unpopular
la Columbia and elsewhere among
the ^corporations and capitalists If he
1 Ps on telling unpleasant truths
concerning the tax-dodging habits of
big corporations and prominent cltl
? ? ? %
he year now drawing to a close
been one of considerable ma?
il prosperity for Sumter, but not
orogrsss, grewtn tnd development,
as- ymr must ?h^w u change In
i respec t if Sumter Is t her
oe as one of the llvo towns of the
Vhv Is the United States so anxl
< to acquire dominant Influence In
-aragua? Can It be that there It
? possibility that the Nicaraguan ca
' I may eventually be built for use
- lie ths Panama route Is preserved
- a monument of misdirected effort?
? ? ?
If the Farmers' Union of Sumter
unty. County Superintendent of
I lucatlon and the school trustess of
mtsr County will co-operste in the
sanitation of corn growing clubs
long ths boys of Sumtsr County we
11 sndesvor to raise a fund for the
? yment of substantial prises to the
ys who succeed In growing crops
a >rthy of prises. Ws are satisfied
I e business men of Sumter will con
bute liberally toward a fund to
luce the boys of Sumter County to
ter the State corn growing contest
id we believe ths boys of Sumter
?unty would do their part If en
uraged to enter the contest.
' IRKK OFFICAL8 ASSASSINATED
>rran. Englishmen and Russisn
London, Dec. It.?Three high
)vsrnment officlalals. ths most
?table being Premier Tl, of the
orean Cabinet, met horrible deaths
eterday at the hands of political
sssslns. The crimes committed
- ere In wedely seperate portions of
e world and Include In addition to
remter Tl, Col. Karpoff, chief of
is secret service in St. Petersburg,
ussls. and Arthur If. T. Jackson.
Bombay. British India, the chief
agietrsts of Naslka.
In Seoul. Korea, the Prims Mln
ter of the Korean Cabinet was
abbed to death as an apparent re?
dt of the intense feeling In Korea
;alnst Japanese Influence. Col Kar
>ff was blown to pieces by the ex
osion of a bomb trown supposed?
ly by sn Anarchist.
Arthur M T. Jackson was assissl
nated by a native for revenge, and
presumably as a part of the seditious
movement against British official
In each of the coutrlea, the govern?
ing authority Is menacey by a dan?
gerous element directed against the
albert MeO nancy an old ami
worthy colored citizen, of Privat?, r.
died on the 21st Instant at his home
about five miles from town, lie was
over 70 years old and has borne a
good character through life.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs. President Farmers' Union of Sumter
Th Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish sucli clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by an) of o.r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and ) ubllshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for t) Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
Home Random Thoughts.
The Progressive Farmer has ex
pressed the ideal we should all aim
at so much better than I can pos
sibly do, that for our Christmas
number, I will merely call attention
to it: "Love your farm, the Spirit
back of the Work."
Thank Ood there is more of the
old time love, and old country ven?
eration for the homes of our fath?
ers than the generation that strug
gled through the days of war an!
reconstruction, and the grinding
ooverty of five-cent cotton, had time
to ever dream of. We must reston
the old places and make all- the new?
er settlement ehrlnes for our child
ren and children's children to love
xnd venerate. E. W. D.
Better Crops for Every Acre in 1910.
On page 6 we are publishing the
first Installment of our "beet crop''
reports; and a very Interesting in?
stallment It Is, telling of some re?
markably good crops. In fact, re?
markably good crops of one kind cr
another have been reported from ail
over the South this year, even from
the sections where weather conditions
were very unfavorable. These reports
show what we can do; but the fact
remains that the average yields this
>ear of all our staple oropj *ill b
little, if riiiy, above the average :n j
y ? r ? past. In iome St-t,?H thoy w'l! J
Why is thu?; When farmers nere
and there all over the South have
been making 100, or ISO, or 200
bushels of corn per acre, why does
the average yield remain below 20
bushels? When the boys In Mr.
Parker's corn contests can average
nearly 60 bushels of corn to the acre,
why do most farmers in North Caro?
lina continue to make only 16 or 20
There are, of course, several rea?
sons for this state of things. This
has been a very bad season over
most of our territory. A largo part
of our lands have beeen worked by
Ignorant and shiftless renters who
make little or no effort to improve
their methods. These large yields
have in most cases been made on
small arjas, while the greater part
of the crop has made only the ordi?
It Is to this lent phase of the sub?
ject that we wish to call attention.
Big yields en single acres aro good
things as showing the possibilities of
farming and glvirg us high Ideals; but
big yields on single acres will never
make rich farmers. What it will
take to do that, is profitable yields?
not neceesarl y record-breaking
yields, but profit-paying yields?on
all the acres cultivated. To make 150
bushels of corn or three bales of cot?
ton on a single acre which Is given
special care and special opportuni?
ties is a fine achievement, but the true
ideal is to have the farm so that 10
or 20 or 60 acres can be counted on
to make 50 bushels of corn or one
bale of cotton without excessive fer?
tilisation or special preparation.
When we have learned how to grow
good crops, not only on a pet acre
here and there, but on all the land
we cultivate, we will be on the high?
way to prosperity, and not till then.
And we can do it. A bale of cot?
ton or 50 bushels of corn to the acre
could be made the aevrage produc?
tion for the readers of this paper in
the next five yars. This we believe
with all our heart; and we believe,
too, that any reader who will study
the reports of good crops in this and
gllOOsadlng Issues will agree with us.
"How can It be done?" Well, there
Is r.\ ( re Infa'llble rule that can Im
given, it ggitil be don Uy lyetonv
atlc and continued good farming?
that Is, (1) by the rotation of crops,
with a legume following taoh crop
of grain or cotton; (2) by the pre?
vention of washing and better drain?
age; (.''.) by the in reaso of the soil's
humui supply through the growing
of legumes, the use oi' cover crops,
and the keeping of enough stock t??
consume the rough feeds grown on
the farm; (4) by better methods Of
cultivation?deeper breaking, more
thorough preparation, more frequent
and less destructive tillage of grow?
ing crops; (6) by more judicious fer?
tilization?the use of the fertilisers
actually needed by the crops and In
such quantities as the soil conditions
systematic good farming would,
we repeat, double, and more than
double, the average yield per acre of
all our staple crops in the next five
years; and the beauty of it is that
those better crops could be grown at
less average cost per acre than the
ones we are now making. For bet?
ter farming would mean the use of
more horse power and better imple?
ments and the avoiding of much of
the expensive and unprofitable labor
that now goes Into the making of our
W< are gl id >f acres of corn that
make bushes! with extra fertili?
zation1 u".; ration; but what we
most rreat fields averaging
50, or 6^ or 7 5 bushels, with ordi?
nary are md average fertilization.
Why Progressive Farmer
read* ,ny such fields to re?
port Editor in Progressive
"Love Voiir > arm?-the Spirit Back
<>r ? \e Work."
The "1 1 year ends and the Christ
mac .. ... i time wh? n, ' LVluq
f??r a moment our work Itself, our
attention is given rather to fh*? spirit
whh i alone makes 'ul labor north
while. ..'w>i unfittingly, therefore,
may we now turn aside from the
severely practical considerations of
the farmer's daily tasks to the spirit
in which we would have every mem?
ber of our Proggresslve Farmer
Family go about these tasks. Bet?
ter seed, better tools, better stock,
better cultivation, better marketing
?from year's end to year's end we
urge these fundamental principles
of more profitable farming, and Vet
we have failed miserably if our typi?
cal Progressive Farmer reader has
not gone back of all these things
and cought the deeper spirit we
would have him imblde.
We would have every farmer love
his work even as the artist loves his
work, and In this spirit, too, every
farmer should love his farm ltse'if
as he would love a favorite horse or
dog. He should know every rod of
the ground, should know just what
each acre is best adapted to, should
feel a joy and pride in having every
hill and valley look its best, and
should be as much ashamed to have
a field scarred with gullies as he
would be to have a beautiful colt
marked with lashes; as much
ashamed to have a piece of ground
worn out from ill treatment as to
have a horse gaunt and bony from
neglect; as much hurt at seeing his
acres sick from wretched manage?
ment as he would be at seeing his
cows half starving from the same
Love your ground?that piece of
God's creation which you hold in fee
simple. Fatten its poorer parts as
carefully as you would nurture an
ailing Collie. Heal the washed, torn
places in the hillside as you would
the barb-scares on your pony. Feed
with legumes and soiling crops and
fertilize the galled and barren
patch that needs special attention,
nurse It back to life and beauty and
frultfulness. Make a meadow of the
bottom that is inclined to wash;
watch it and care for it until the
kindly root-masses heal every gap?
ping wound, and in one unbroken
surface the "tides of grass, break
Into form of Mowers" upon the outer
edges. Don't forget even the forest
lands. See that every acre of wood?
land has trees enough on to make
it profitable; "a good stand Of the
timber crop as well as of every other
crop. Have an eye to the beautiful
in laying off the cleared Heids a
tree here and there, but no wretched
beggar'i-coat mingling of little
patches and little rents; rather
broad field! fully tended and of as
nearly uniform fertility as possible,
making of your growing ("ops, as
it were each a beautifu ,-irmont,
whole and unbroken, to clothe the
fruitful acres which God has given
you to keep and tend even as He
gave the First Garden into the keep?
ing of our first parents.
And so again we say, love your
farm. Make it a place of beauty, n
place of joyous frultfulness, an ex?
ample for your neighbors, a herit?
age for your children. Make im?
provements on it that will last be?
yond your day. Ma<e an ample
yard about it with all the old-fash?
ioned flowers that your grandmother
knew; get a great orchard near it,
bearing many manner of fruits; lay
off walks and roads leading to it and
keep them up; plant hedges along
the approaches, and flowering bulbs
and shrubs?crape myrtle. and
spirea and privet and grass?so that
your grandchildren will some day
speak of their grandsire, who cared
enough for the beautiful and loved
the farm well enough to plant
Name the farm, too; treasure up
Its history; preserve the traditions of
all the romance and advanture and
humor and pathos that are in any
way connected with it; and if some
of the young folks must leave it,
let them look back to it with happy
memories of beauty and of worthy
ideals and of well-ordered Industry.
We have not developed in this
country, as we should, the intense
pride that the Englishman feeels in
being a land-owner. It gives a man
distinction that the homeless man
has not. He is a better citizen, a
freeholder, a guardian holding in
trust a piece of creation fresh from
the hand of the Almighty. And yet
how many?alas! how many!?who
have such talents in their keeping
are indeed unprofitable servants?
not so much as keeping their treas?
ure unhurt (as the one-talent man
man in the Bible did), but wearing
out and destroying in one brief life?
time the heritage that the Creator
intended to remain fertile and fruit
to feed our human race, as long as
the earth shall last.
Love your farm. If you cannot be
proud of it now, begin today to
make it a a thing you can be proud
of. Much dignity has come to you
in that you are owner and care
keeper for a part of God's foot stool;
show yourself worthy of that dig?
nity. Watch earnestly over every
acre. Let no day go by that you do
not add something of comeliness and
potential fertility to its fields. And
finally, leave some spot beneath the
. hatte of some plant tree w here at
last, "*HklB as a shock of corn cometh
in Iiis .-?i.ipor." you ciaii !:?.;? ?flAjr?
your wear) body, leaving Ute world
a little bettor for your having !i\r !
In it, and earning the approval
from the Great Father (who made
the care of the fields and gardens
the first task given man): "Weil
done, thou good and faithful ser?
vant, enter into the joy of thy
?Many persons find themselves af?
fected with a persistent cough after
an attack of influenza. As this cough
can be promptly cured by the use of
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, it
should not be allowed to run on until
It becomes troublesome. Sold by W.
William Sanford, white, fell from
a C. N. <t L. train near Prosperity
Tuesday and was killed. He was un?
der the Influence of liquor.
?The greatest danger from In?
fluenza is of its resulting in pneu?
monia. This can be obviated by using
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, as it
not only cures influenza, but counter?
acts any tendency of the disease to?
wards pneumonia. Sold by W. W.
?The peculiar properties of Cham?
berlain's Cough Remedy have been
thoroughly tested during epidemics
of influenza, and when it was taken
In time we have not heard of a sin?
gle case of pneumonia. Sold by W. W.
Mr. Charles B. Whlthlngton, Inven?
tor of the first automatic grain bind?
er, died in Janesville, Wls. He was
born In 1850. In 1870 he patented
a grain binder and later sold it to
Mr. Cyrus H. McCormlck, of Chica?
go. Later he was associated in bus?
iness with the McCormicks.
Por Infants and Children.
The Kind You Haie Always fought
Loans negotiated upon improv?
ed farms, payable in annual in?
stallments. No Commission.
Borrowers pay actual cost of per?
fecting Loan. For further infor?
mation apply to
JOHN B. PALMER & SON.
P.O. Box 282, Phone No. 1085.
Office Sylvan Bldg.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
NOT FOOD, BUT MEDICINE
All sensible live stoe'e and poultry raisers understand how Important It Is to
keep their stork iu healthy condition. And ior all thocommon diseases of Cat?
tle, Horses, Mules, Sheep. Hogs and Poultry there is nothing that eive* such
satisfactory results as ' w
Bosch's Golden Seal Stock and Poultry Medicine
It Is laxative In action and quickly produces a beneficial effect. Veterinary
authorities agree in endorsing this excellent preparation. Sold under a guaran?
tee or money refunded.
Sold by druggists and dealers. Price 25c., 50c and $1 a can. Sample on request.
GOLDEN CHAIN REMEDY CO., Inc. Evansvllle, Ind.
Busch's Disinfectant and Dip, guaranteed to destroy MITES and LICE on
t your poultry, 50c.
Splendid All Round Remedy.
I have used Busch's Golden Heal Stock and Poultry medicine on my stock
Tvlth the most satisfactory results. My wife also uses It on the chickens when
they get droopy. Several times friends of mine
have been to me as If I were a veteri?
nary doctor and asked me to see what
I could do for their atock with the
B remedy and whenever they come for
me I put the can in my pocket and go
back with them and give some of it to
their animals. The remedy Is all right
Silas (i. Ruffln
SI BERT'S DRUG STORE.
I hereby nominate
This nomination ballot, when properly Ailed out, will count for ?
1,000 votes. Only one ballot will be credited to a candidate. M
B Address.. .
W My Name is
I The Ballot. *
S? TWENTI I IVE TOTJ9I 1? K V
? ? ? -
Under no circumstances will the name of anyone making
nomination be divulged.
)B| Subject to rules of The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contest.
^ after January 15.
IN GOLD 61VEN AWAY CHRIST
MAS EVE NIGHT.
Atk for Tickets With Every Purchase of $1.00.
Jewelry-the Gift of Gifts.
A FEW LAST REMINDERS.
Come as early in the day as you can.
When once hare, don't leave until you have seen all that Interests you.
Whatever you do, don't miss our Ring display.
Take advantage of the privilege we offer of laying articles aside until want?
Come again and again If you wish.
And don't forget, please, that giving jewelry doesn't necessarily mein to
spend a lot of money.
Don't forget that jewelry Is the gift of gifts.
And don't forget that we are able to match the values of the larger cities.
WE INVITE YOU TO CALL.
Everything engraved yon want, no extra charge.
W. A. Thompson,
Jeweler and Optician, Sumter,
HORSES. MULES. BUGGIES, WAGONS, HARNESS,
Lime, Cement, Acme Wall Plaster, Shingles, Laths,
Fire Brick, Clay, Stove Flue and Drain Pipe, Etc.
? * ^ All kinds, Horse, Cow, Hoi: and
Hay and Gram?Chickep ,-a ;. .. ? ?
?? seed oats, wheat, rye and barley.
A car load or a single article. Come and see us, if
unable to do so, write, or phone No. io.