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flea* fXJMTKK WATCHMAN,
? t i"
C#Molldmto4 4if.it 1881
MltoM Wednen-inr and Saturday
MTtlN P*BU8HIII6 COMPANY
? sumtsb, s. c.
?4 p*r annum?In advance.
ibeequ ant mas 11 lo a.SO
for three months, or
will be made at reduced rates,
communications which sub
private tatereete will be charged
OMtmarles and tributes of respects
ertll be eharged for.
KNTJMEKATORS' TEST EASY.
Director Durand Seta Feh
jruary 5th us the Date.
Waahlngtor. Dec. 17.?Any person
of good Judgment, who has received
an ordinary common school educat?
ion, ran readPy and easily paae the
teat to be given applicants for Census
smasatiatnri' places on Saturday Feb
?th. the date Anally aet by U. 8. Cen
sue Director Durand, according to an
tunes me nt from the census bu
t. TWa will be a comfort
iranee to the eeVeral hundred
who are believed to be
iplating application for the
It was emphatically stated at the
bureau that the teet will be an eml
Gauntly reasonable and practical one.
stgg#ur to that applied to applicants
at the Twelfth Census. It will con
94at ei Alling out at earn pie schedule
Of population from a description. In
tttee form, of tftplcal families:
tn the case of enumerators whose
?a will be in the Wai districts.
1 be called upon to ATI out an ad
sample schedule, ef agrtoul
m information furnished by
a, whethei women or
ta ue appointed; muet be not
hau It er more Chan 70 yearn
nan; sauet be physically able to do
ru; must be trustworthy, hon
? fg*d of jnod habits; mus; have
least ordinary education and must
able to wiiu p ainly aa l wl?h
u Tatet who oon comply with these
tfjqutrements are Invited to put lu
fhelr applications, aa there wfil be at
.leant tt.tto enumerators' places to
be ailed by the middle of March in
preparation for the enumeration be
ginning April llth.
Application forma, with full
pnatluitliiiis for Alllng-ln and com?
plete Information concerning the teet
and IM method of appointment, can
be sea et od by writing to the tu nervi?
ger of tenons for yie supervisor's dis?
trict In walch the applicant Uvea. All
applications, properly filled in must
be filed with the supervisor not later
than January llth aa any received
after that date cannot be considered.
The Supervisor of the 7th District
8. C which include* Lexington. Bum
tar. Orangeburg. Calhoun. Lee and
mainland Counties, la Ernest M. Du
whoee office la at Columbia, S. C
IJaHGAamCR MERCHANT yfir.t.agTfc
C. Bowwtl Fatally Wounded by A.
Lnncecter, Dec II.?Jesse C. Sow
ef the grocery Arm of Ferguson A
??well, was shot and allied here this
afternoon by A. C. Cam es. of the
true ef Carnta Broa. The shooting
, nil, of the grocery firm of Ferguson A
occurred at Heath-Elliott Company's
?tab lee. So weil waa shot In the left
aide, between the fifth and sixth ribs,
juet boHw the heart, and died within
half hour of Internal hemorrhage.
weev.arreeted just after the
and fedawd |? jal).
Paftiftuulars of ra% tragedy are hard
ts> abtat?, Those who are supposed to
know anything about it b*mg reluct?
ant to talk. One report la tltat the
trouble begun In a friendly tusau Car?
nta. it is understood, claim* that *w,w
til waa choking him when he fired twe
A Jaareh for Sowell'a persona by
Sheriff Hunter revealed the fad that
he and at weapon.
?ewcfl, who waa a man ef remark?
able flue physique, waa 41 years old
and leavea a fa oily He waa eng?
In business In Columbia a ftw years
ago. Camee la a young man, and
anmcrricd. He and Howe:, are aald
to be good frieade.
The Chrtetmaa celebration being
ewer tax paying la now la order.
tied April, 1860.
'Be Just ar
MVRDKit AT GREENVILLE,
J. E. Liddell Dien Within Sight of
III? Home?Almost on Spot Where
Mill Worker Was Struck Down
Thunder Night. Real Estate Man
Yields Up Life.
Greenville, Dec. 24.-J. E. Lnldcll,
a real eetate promoter, was toiipd
dead tonight at 10 o'clock, near the
spot In the southeastern part of the
city, where Wesley Russell, a mill
worker, was found wounded Thurs?
day night. Ltddell had been dead an
h*ur or more when found as the
body was almost covered with snow
Liddell was a married man and had
been engaged in the development of
Cherokee Park, a suburban property
at the end of Augusta street.
Last night he had been In the city
shopping and started for home about
8 o'clock. Ho is a married man, and
his wife becoming alarmed at his fail?
ure to arrive sent a neighbor to look
for him, with the result that his body
was found within a stone's throw of
his home, a teriiable gash in the
man s head told the story of the trag?
edy, the wound evidently having been
made with an axe or some sharp
heavy Instrument. Scattered all about
the dead man were toys for his little
children and a number of gifts for
Residents of ;:he neighborhood,
where the two tragedies have occur?
red one so quickly following the other
are greatly wrought up over the
er im es. Russell und Liddell were
both struck In much the same man?
ner, except Russell had four gashes
In his head, while Liddell had but
one. Russell died tonight from his
Police and county authorities are
Madria Finde Country With an
Managua. Nicaragua, Dec. It.
The new president of Nicaragua. Jose
hold of affairs wttg
after President Madris had
publicly announced in effect that the
country was practically on the verge
of bankruptcy, the arrest of Joaquln
Passes, Zelaya's son-in-law, and
Erneeto Martin ex, Zelaya'a last fin?
ance minister, was ordered. They
art now in the hands of the author
itlee charged with misappropriation
of public funds, failure to register
government bonds and the circulation
of unsigned paper money.
Francisco Bnca. who haa replaced
Dr. Julius Irlaa as minister general,
la preparing a decree establishing a
commission for the purpoae of re?
voking the franchise unJer which a
score of monopolies, given to Indivi?
duate by Zela'ya, have been operated.
The monopolies poured Into Zela?
ya'a puree vast auma of money for,
they were ostensibly in the hands of
others, it waa to the former presi?
dent that the greater portion of the
returns waa tranaferred. Paaaaa Sa
looked upon as the creator of theae
monopolies and the dummy utilised
by Zelaya to cover his large stock In?
terest therein. Hie arrest has been
Santos Ramlerea, Zelaya's chief
of telegraphs, haa also been arrest?
ed. Ht la charged with having sent
a telegram in the name of the Presi?
dent Madrla, ordering the government
troops to abandon their strong posi?
tions. Renlta Chavarrla and Piaulano
Godey. who were banished by Zelaya
In 1896, have been recalled by Mad?
SHOT WHILE HUNTING.
Mr. Thorn well Parker Severly Wound"
od To Day.
Mr. Thornwell H. Parker, of Dai
sell, was seriously wounded while
out bird hunting this morning In
company with hla brother, Mr. E. W.
Parker, Jr., and Mr. J. W. Simon, A.
load of bird shot from the gun of
Mr. Simon struck him in the side of
the face inflicting a aerious, but not
neceesarly fatal wound, and his con?
dition several hours after the acci?
dent and after his wound had been
dressed, was In auch aa to afford
I ground for hope that he will recover.
ahootlng was entirely accidental
and nice all auch accidents la difficult
to aeodhnt for. When shot Mr. Parker
waa about fifteen or twenty feet from
Mr. Simon and slightly in front of
him. and the entire load lodged In
the aide of his Hce and head. One
eye. It la feared waa injured, but as
It waa closed by the \swel.ing ft la
impossible to ascertain ^whether or
not the alght was deetrcSd. Mr. Par?
ker will be brought to hospital
on the afternoon train;'
id Fear not?Let all the ends Thon Ain
SR. S. a. WEDNESE
SENATOR McLAURIN DIES.
United States Senator Succumbs 10
Jackson, Miss., Dec. 22.?United
States Senator A. J. McLaurln died
suddenly tonight at his home in
Brandon, Death was due to an at?
tack of heart failure and came with?
out the slightest warning at 6.30
When the fatal stroke came upon
him, Senator McLaurln was seated
in a rocking chair in fr^nt of the
Are place in his library. He sudden?
ly fell forward without speaking a
word, and life was extinct when
members of his* family reached his
side. The swift summons of death
followed within a few moments a
remark by Senator McLaurln that
he was then feeling better than he
had felt at any time since his recent
severe illness, resulting from an at?
tack of ptomaine poisonla.
PENITENTIARY "MAKING MONEY.
The Annual Report Will Show Bright
Columbia, Dec. 27.?The high
price of cotton, coupled with good
management generally and with the
further fact that the institution pro?
duced a greater quantity of cotton
this year than usual, will enable Su
perindendant Griffith of the peniten?
tiary to make a record-breaking fin?
ancial report to the legislature this
The report has not yet been draft?
ed, but it will show a surplus and
net profit for the year's business of
$80,000, which the superintendent
has on hand to turn into the State
treasury. It it likely that about a
third of the amount will be used to
put up a modern brick stockade for
the DeSausaure and Reid farm?,
whloh adjoin each other and which
together are located partly in Sum
ter and partly in Kerehaw county.
Since Superintendentv, Griffith as
penitentiary plant has beer built
These Improvements include a., big
granite building for the interior ar?
rangement of modern cells, a costb
guards' quarters, the finest tubercu?
losis hospital in the South and vari?
ous improvements around the ground
and on the three farms operated by
the penitentiary management. The
Lexington farm has a fine brick
stockade and boiler plant worth
Superintendent Griffith this year
produced over 900 bales of cotton
and will get an average of over $60
a bale for It. His other money crops
were 23,000 busheis of corn and 20,
000 bushels of oats. The price of
oats this year has been about the
same as last year, but corn was
much more valuable than it was last
It Is understood that the position
of Superintendent Griffith and the
board of directors with respect to
the legislature is , that the manage?
ment will be grateful to the law
making body for the privilege of be?
ing allowed to continue thla good
work without any change in the law
as it new stands Superintendent
Griffiths' report will probably lay all
the facts before the legislature.
There has been some talk and
there were some good resolutions
proposed at a recent good roads
gathering to the effect that the legis?
lature should be induced to provide
for road building by the penitentiary
convicts. The management does not
look with favor on this
proposition, as it looks upon this as
a dangerous departure from the pre"
sent method of handling convicts,
and would, as It is argued, lead to all
the abuses of the lease system. Con?
victs would be poorly fed and cared
for in many cases, it is said. Though
Superintendent Griffith is firm and
a fine disciplinarian, these who have
watched his administration have been
impressed with the fact that his suc?
cess has been due no little to the
fact that he uses kindness and con?
sideration whenever It can be used
to advantage It it said there are at
least 386 convicts who could 'not
safely be allowed to work out In this
way. Many of these are dangerous
men, and not a few of them have to
be kept in chains even on the grounds
and watched with great care. Many
of these are not now even worked on
the farms. Theer are many objec?
tions, It la claimed, to the present
law allowing the leasing of convicts
to the county authorities at the rate
of $4 a month for each convict. Leas
than 200 are let out in this way
People are still talking of the big
modern hotel that Sumter needs and
that la going to be blult.
la't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an
'AY. DECEMBER 29
WHOSE WAR IS IT?
IS CONTEST IN NIGARAGUA UN
CLE SAM'S JOB.
American Red Cross Society Will
Give $10,000 for Needy Soldiers?
Expected That Consul's Work In
Giving Out Supplies Will Draw
Support From Zelaya lorcos.
Washington, Dec. 23.?Following a
peremptory warning to President
Madriz that the United States will
hoid him personally responsible for
the safety of Americans in the west-1
ern part of Nicaragua, the state de?
partment today extended more than
moral encouragement to the revolu?
tionists. Under orders from Secre?
tary Knox, American Red Cross funds
I are to be expended in oaring for
the sick and wounded troops of both
the Estrada and Zelayan armies,
more than 2,000 of whom are inca?
pacitated in Blueflelds.
The move on the part of the Unit?
ed States is expected to he more effi?
cacious than the dispatch of a
strong force. "Bread instead of bul?
lets'* Is the watchword of the state
department, and it Is generally be?
lieved that the prospects of food and
medical attention will win over more
men from the government ranks
than any other plan that could be
According to the last reports, the
medical corps of the various war ves*
sels now at Blueflelds has Installed
hospitals ashore, w.her scores are be?
ing cared for. The procession of sick
and wounded men through the town
is said to be pitiful and although
Estrada is doing everything in his
power to relieve the suffering, his
resources are meagre.
With a view of relieving the sit?
uation, Secretary Knox tonight con?
sulted with the American Red Cross,
and immediately dispatched the fol?
lowing dispatch to Thomas H. Mof
fat, United States Consul at Blue?
I "Tho American Rational Red CrOss
24th, $5,000, and they will send
another $5,000 If needed. Navy de?
partment has Instructed Capt. Ship?
ley to land whatever surplus supplies
"an be furnished from the ships now
at lv.ueflelds and orders will be given
the Prairie, now at Colon, to trans?
port immeaiatelj to Blueflelds from
the stores lnUi**?a for the marines
or from the can%i commissary de?
partment such sup-jlies as you may
need within the llmfc of $5,000 to
be cabled tomorrow. You will co?
operate with Shipley in the distribu?
tion of supplies, payment for ail of
which, both those landed from ships
at Blueflelds and those sent from Co?
lon, wil be recouped from Red Cross
The dispatch of this telegram fol?
lowed close on the receipt of a re?
port from Consul M off at. depicting
the state of affairs In Bluefields. His
story of the suffering of th* defeated
Zeleyan soldiers was brief, but gra?
phic. Incidentally, he reported that
more than 900 men were killed on
both sides In the recent battle at
Said Mr. Moffat:
"The sight of the sick ?.nd weary
tottering through the streets is hor?
rible. Half are mere boys. The
emmergency hospital established by
the Des Moines and Tacoma, contains
90 wounded, the city hospital 60. Few
of the surrendered army have cots or
blankets. Scores were almost naked.
All are In a pitiful condition. Estra?
da is furnishing them with blankets,
clothing, shoes and food as best he
can. Flour, beans, rice, sugar, cof?
fee and condensed milk are needed
instantly to feed the starving Zeia
yan soldier?. Disease and death
threatens, unless they are propertly
given best of food and care.
"The great and sudden demand for
proper clothing and food for the suf?
fering is a problem for the provis?
ional government, whose resources
are exhausted, their own men, num?
bering 3,000, are well fed and cloth?
ed, but they can not And means
whereby to care for their increased
"I have discussed the seriousness
of the situation fully with Capt.
Shipley of the Des Moines and believe
and suggest that a ship should be
sent to Colon Immediately to bring
sufficient quantities of the provisions
to feed 2,000 men for 30 days. Pre?
sent situation threatens starvation
and disease. It is estimated that
over 900 were killed on both sides."
Orders wer issued tonight to the
Prairie to be In readiness to call at
once from Colon with supplies.
Victory No Surprise.
New Orleans, Dec. 23.?Passengers
are arriving h- tonight on the
id Truth'*." THE T
. 1909. Nev j?v
steamship Dictator, from. Bi; elds,
Nicaragua, expressed little surprise
when told pf Gen. Estrada s Victory
at Rama. They say that supreme
confidence prevailed at the time of
their departure from Bluefields that
Vasquez would be speedily vanquish?
ed and that Estrada would at once
begin a march on Managaua. It is
reported that the insurgents forces
are abundantly equipped with arms,
ammunition and supplies.
Hardly a day passed, the Dictator's
passengers state, that deserters from
the Vasquez army did not come1 over
to the forces of Gen. Estrada. Ali
told of bad treatment, lack of food
and poor organ ton among the
government troops, nearly all of
whom it is said were conscripted.
A Texan Serving.
Austin, Tex., Dec. 23.?Associated
Press dispatches announcing that
Capt. Godfrey Fowler is leading the
insurgents forces in Nicaragua caus?
ed great surprise in the adjutant gen?
eral department here, as Capt. Fow?
ler is not only a member of the
Texas National guard, but a mem?
ber of the governor's staff and under
the law ail such officers have to ob?
tain permission to leave this coun?
try to join any kind of revolutionary
movement in any other country. This
permission has not been secured and
the department has started an inves?
tigation. It thought possible that
complications may arise and an ef?
fort will be made to recall Fowler.
Fowler is a grandson of the late
Judge John H. Reagan, who was
postmaster general In the Jefferson
Davis cabinet during the Civil War.
QUICK ON TRIGGER.
Georgia Policeman Kills Angry In?
Cordeie, Ga., Dec. 23.?W. H.
Tripp, a stock dealer of this city, was
shot and killed this morning by Po?
liceman W. P. Kendal in the latter
bedroom at his home. Tripp
arrested by the officer last nlfht
charge o$ drunjfcai mass v stad,,
several hour's In trie city jail. SmaHr*
ing under his incarceration and what
he regarded as the officers inconsi?
derable treatment, Tripp w??nt to
Kendal's home, was admitted by
Mrs. Kendal and then walked into
the officers bedroom. Tripp told
Kendal he was not treated right by
the latter last night, and exhititing a
"You had the advantage of me
then but I've got it now and you
might as well get ready to die."
Instantly Kendal, who was lying in
bed, flashed two revolvers and fired
nine shots in quick succession, kilt?
ing Tripp instantly. Every one of
the officer's shots made a vital
The coroner's Jury turned a ver?
dict of je8tlfiabl homicide.
ST. PETER'S DODGE.
The Masons of Manning Install New
Manning, Dec. 23.?At a regular
communication of St. Peter's Lodge.
No. 64., A. F. M., Wednesday night.
December 22, the following officers
were inducted into office: W. M.,
F. L. Wolfe; S. W., L. H. Harvin; J.
W., F. F. Coffey; Treasurer, R. B.
Jenkinson; Secretary, Fred Lesesne;
S. D., E. C. Horton; J. D., Geb. M.
Smith; Tiler, J M. Barwlck.
There was a large attendance: and
the officers chosen Indicates that this
banner lodge of Eastern South Caro?
lina will continue to flourish like the
green bay tree and so may it be.
Then mantle of Past W. M. Charlton
DuRant, a highly distinguished 32
degree Mason has fallen on worthy
shoulders, so Clarendon County sends
greetings to the accomplished broth
en In the East.
Florence is actively at work rais?
ing money for the purpose of build?
ing a railroad to the Pee Dee river
with Georgetown as nhe ultimate ob?
jective and also for the purpose of In?
ducing the Alderman railroad to
build from Lynches river to Flor?
ence. The business men of Florence
are enthusiastic and are working
with a vim that presages success. If
the Alderman road would be a good
thing for Florence it would be good
for Sumter for It contains possibili?
ties that few people understand or
Mise Ina Louise Young, sporting
editor of The Trinidad (Col.) Chron?
icle Newa enjoya ths distinction of
being the only young woman in all
newspaperdom who makes a special?
ty of writing sports. Miss Young's
especial line is baseball, and-she is
thoroughly versed In all of the de?
tails of the big American game.
v jOUTHRON, Established June, 1M?
ies?VoL XXX. No. 36.
RUSSIA GATHERING TROOPS.
Said to Have Assembled Half a Mil?
lion Soldiers Near Lake Baikal in
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 26,?Russia
is gathering- troops in Siberia ac?
cording tc statements of travelers
from north Manchuria and Siberia,
published in Shanghai newspapers,
received by the Blue Funnel lines
Ning Chow, which arrived today
from Liverpool and the Orient. Half
a million troops are said to be en?
camped near Lake Baikal and 15
submarines are said to have been
s< nt to Vladivostok.
The building of the Amur railroad,
1,530 miles long at a cost of $150,
000,000, is hurrying because of rep
rceentations of Russian officers that
there is danger of a second war with
Japan in consequence of the strug?
gle for control in Manchuria.
SIXTEEN CENTS COTTON.
Steady Rise in the Price of the
New York, Dec. 23.?The bullish
enthusiasm which has attended the
cctKm market in Its recent advances
today realized for the first time in
five years 16 cents a pound for the
staple on the New York exchange.
While the May option at 16.01 today
was the only cotton on the list to
reach the 16-cent quotation, the en?
tire list advanced steadily and still
hclds higher than at any time since
the Sully boom in 1904.
The bull campaign now is said to
be headed by Col. W. P. Brown and
Frank G. Hayne, of New Orleans,
who were associated with Sully five
years ago, and by E G. Scales and
James A. Patten, the Chicago grain
operator. The aggregate profits of
this "big four" are rumored to
amount to about $12,000,000.
Geld and Silver Popular Dress Deco?
One of the moat beautiful di
^t I have dealgnad this yi
jiwhite **t ovei
Tn the Detine?to
Jaiuary. The straight overdress of
the net was embroidered solidly with
crystal and rhlnestones bo that the
lovely shimmering thing was almost
as heavy as a skirt of mail.
It reached about to the knees
where it was heid in by a narrow
band of skunk. The decolletage of
the neck was outlined by a wonder?
ful collar of rhlnestones, turquoise
and baroque pearls and the waist was
caught up and draped under three
roses of blue and sliver.
Another was a gown of gold bro?
cade made very simply so that no de?
tail of the dress detracted from the
very beautiful arabesques of beaten
metal on the background of pale
gold tissue. The skin was severely
plain with a long, square-cut train
that lay fully thirty or forty Inches
on the floor. The waist was almost
equally simple, with its trimmings of
lace and fur and flowers that did not
break the close, dignified lines of the
MOB IN GREEN\ JLLE.
Two White Mien Taken From City
To Prevent Lynching.
Greenville Dec. 26.?Jesse Fuller
and Joe Barker, two white men of
bad reputation In this vicinity were
arrested this morning for the mur?
der of J. E. Uddell, who was found
dead just outside the city limits Fri?
day night. The arrest was made on
confession of the whole transaction
alleged to have been made by Fuller *
to W. O. Stover,. a contractor.
Fuller was taken to the police
tioh, and. a large crowd gathered. It
was feared for a time thacthe pris?
oner would be taken^/fom the guard
house and lynch>dfHe was finally es?
corted to^h?jail by the mayor and
other citizens in company with the-*
police. The crowd gathered around
the Jail, and two squads of the local
military company were stationed
around to keep down any tendencies
toward lynching. The prisoner wa?
finally spirited away in a large auto?
mobile by C. M. Wing, and taken to
Liddell was well known by the
mill people and It was feared as soon
as the arrest of Fuller became known
In the mill village, the operator would
throng into the city and make trouble
It is stated the prisoner was carried
to Spartanburg. Barker is in custody
somewhere in the county, but the
place Is not known.
Thet confession alleged to have
beer made to Stover was made Sat?
urday night while Fuller was dunk?
ing with Stover. It was very full and
said robbery was the motive. Fuller
said he did not mean to kin Liddell.
but hit harder than he expected.