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STATE SCHOOL LAWS.
HHOUIjD BK REVISED BY A COM
?lato Hupertntendctit Bwe?rin|en
Kringa Out Nioeeaity in His An?
The need of e revision of the
school lews of South Carolina Is be
Ina; dlscuseeed by many who are .'n
tereated In education. The county
superintendent's association, State''
teachers' association and other or?
ganisations have favored a revision
of the law and have adopted reoolu
tlona expreastng thla opinion. No fa?
vorable sctlon has ever neon taken
by the legialature.
A bill was introduced by Represen?
tative Ayer In the house of represen
tatlvee at the last seealen tit the ap?
pointment of an educational commis?
sion whose duty It would be to go
over the achool lawa and straighten
out the kinks. Thla bill waa killed
At the last meeting of the State
board of education a resolution waa
passed favoring the appointment of
a commission. The following Is the
"Resolved. That the State hoard of
edaoatlon respectfully recommenda
to the general aaaembly the appoint?
ment of an educational commission
with full authority to re vis?, correct
and amend tho existing school laws
of the State, and to make a report of
such recommendations at the session
of 1111?euch commission to he com?
posed of one representative of S ate
colleges, one representative of pri?
vate denominational colWres, one
representative of city superinten?
dents of education, one woman, one
senator, two members of tho house of
representatives and threj membra at
large :o be appointed by the gover
That a sufficient amount be ap?
propriated to provide a secretary
for auch commission and to pay the
actual expenaea of its members.
Mr. Sweartngen, the state super?
intendent of education, la a strong
advocate for the appointment of an
educational commission and in hia
forthcoming report to the legiala?
ture he will give some reasons and
comparisons as to why thla com?
mission ahould be appointed. He
has the following to say:
"Kvery recommendation made in
thfa report nJght be used appro?
priately im arsrutng for the -dp
law mm framed In 1878 and
he* purpose well.
??"Under It, ' i ration for schools
beconj* a fix -inciple in South
Carolin. xpendltures have
Increased h 03 0.1! to 81.
888.888.?7. nent of 116.
$lt has given place to an eroll
ment of 884. v I two coun
Uea today em) the terri?
tory which had le thou?
sand and eight h thirty
three school dlstrlc orted
lastend of 417. Mare than ? 000
officers and trustees #0 1 o
day that was then doi ? I 100.
The constitution of 1985 - ^ sup?
planted the constitution of 1&63,
but tho body of our school law
stands almost as It stood 31 year
ago. The parings and accretions of
three decadee bear witness to the
the slftlnga of public opinion; but
the arm? of the educational guido
post set up in 1878 can still be
traced. Then the free public school
was an experiment; today that
achool Is the most Important con?
cern of the state.
"This catalogue of contrasts might
be lengthened Indefinitely for educa
1 tlonal conditions change with social,
economic and Industrial conditions.
Though our problems may be the
same, our facilities for aoivlng them
are different. Any student of our
general achool law can recognize
its weakness, Its omissions and dupli?
cations, its confusions and contrad?
ictions, Its localisms and archaisms.
"This condition is nowhere better
VHustrated than. In the status of
achool trustees. This Is the largest
body of officers In the state. They
have absolute discretion in the dis?
bursement of school revenues, yet
the law governing their appointment
has been changed three times since
1802. In some districts they are
elected, In some they are a self per?
petuating board, In some they are
Inted by county hoards of edu?
cation and In some the active trus?
tees discharging their duties without
themselves knowing the source of
their authority. There Is In some
localities a motley board made up of
special trustees and high school
tees. The law fixes the day on
which the trustees shall be appoint?
ed but the conflict between the
various statutes has mislead many
county hoards of education by whom
such appointments are made.
"Trunteeship has been construed
to be a public office. Since section
2. article 2. of the constitution for?
bids a man s holding two offices, the
schools are deprived of the services
of many of our most public spirited
intmcnt of an educational rom
The revtakm oi our school
<mg been u~ged by th?
education. The bod\ bf
citizens. A man can not be a dis?
trict trustee and a township assess?
or, although the school districts are
at present the units of taxation. This
constructional inhibition Is disre?
garded in the selection of many edu?
cational boards, and since It has
heen violated so frequently why
should it be continued? A slight
constitutional amendment would
readily relieve the situation. Tho
tenure of trustees is now two yearn.
Since the board has to be appointed
every second year it is impossible In
appointive years for school boards
to make legal contracts before late
in the summer. An easy remedy
would be the appointment of trus?
tees for a term of three years in
such a manner that a majority of
the board would always be In of?
"The school districts of the state
are generally unsurveyed. The mul?
tiplication of new districts proceeds
evory year in pialn violation of sec?
tion 5. article 11, of the constitu?
"County superintendents are re?
quired to secure reports from trus?
tees and teachors, but possess no
means of enforcing the law. Trus?
tees may begin or end the seasion at
will, without giving notice to coun?
ty school officers, or securing the re
I ports upon which appointments of
public funds must he based. Teach?
ers may be employed without prop?
er credentials and do not learn of
their inellgihility until they present
their pay warrants for the county
superintendent's approval. A certi?
ficate valid in one county may be
worthless in another. Two schools
of one county may run 32 weeks,
while those of an adjoining county
can run only 19. The per capita ex?
penditure per white pupil may be
$35.70 in one county, while in an?
other it Is only $4.02. A teacher of
40 years successful experience is
compelled to qualify anew every
second year, while a deploma se?
cured before the war Is a passport
to any class room. These are a few
of the results of existing laws, to
say nothing whatever of many
points not now embraced In the
"Too many hasty attempts have
I already been made at amendment
I and correction. The Interests af
I fee ted are too vital to be treated by
I piecemeal. Ther are men In the
I state- who will do the work for noth
I lng if your Judgment and wisdom
\-m*M - --eanetlon their labors; The
J state board of education has indors
I ed the commission aril (recommends
j Us appointment at the carllest op?
portunity. An appropriation of $3,
j 000 would provide for employment
I of a secretary and for the actual ex
I penses of the members. In my opin
I ion the appointment of this commls
I slon with full authority to amend,
I correct and revise the school law of
I the state, and to report at the ses
I slon of 1911 Is the most important
educational question that will claim
I your attention.
A STATE EXHIBIT.
Anti-Tuberculosis laaOCiiMtnil Will
Have Exhibit la Columbia miring
Meeting of Legteiatare.
Oreenvldc s. ?*.. r>ec. 22.?Have
completed n| uients to postpone
our meetlnfl In order that South Car?
olina may have exhibition" is the
tele*. n received here from Mr. W.
L. Dunn of Ashevllle, President of
the North Carolina Association for
the Prevention of Tuberculosis. Ac?
cording to this message, after con?
ference with Governor Kitchen, the
local committee at Greensboro and
the programme committee of the
North Carolina Association, it is now
possible for Columbia to have the ex?
hibition during the time of the State
legislature. Elaborate plans will be
Inaugurated so that all of South Car?
olina may benefit by having the ex?
hibition at the State capital during
the time of the State legislature.
Several State gatherings will be
held with representatives from all
over South Carolina and a number of
special "State Days" will be conduct?
ed. It is expected that members of
th.e State legislature will visit the
exhibition, so that they may be In?
formed as to what various cities and
States are doing to combat tubercu?
South Carolinians will be deeply
appreciative of tho courteous co-ope?
ration of the "old North State Asso
olation" which will mean so much Of
value to this States.
?Foley's Orlno laxative is best foi
women and children. Its mild action
and pleasant tasto make It preferable
to violent purgatives, such as pills,
tablets, etc. Cures constipation. Sl
bert's Drug Store.
An error certainly acknowledged Is
a victory won.? -Caseogne.
?Foley's Honev and Tar is the best
and safest cough remedy for children.
At the first symptoms of a cold, give
as directed, and ward off danger of
croup, bronchitis, sore throat, cold
In the head, and stuffy breathing. It
brings comfort and ease to tho little
ones. Contains no opiates or other
harmful drugs. Keep always on
un^A ??,,1 m+fi)mf\ ?rihetftotss Wharf's
r*ru* Btoi I
HEAVY BLOW DEALT IELAYA.
HIS LOSS IN KILLED, INJURED
AND CAPTURED 2,600.
Six Hundred Men Slain in the En.
gage i no nt fit Rania, Nicaragua,
lletween Insurgent and Govern?
ment Forcen?Gen. Gonzales Sur?
renders, American Doctors Caring
Bluofieids. Dec. 22.?Gen. Estrada
has won a complete victory of the
Government troops at Rama. A to?
tal of GOO men of both arles were
killed or wounded. Nineteen hun?
dred of Zelaya's men have surren?
dered, including Gen. Gonzales, who
was in command. Two Americans
are reported killed.
The fighting occured outside the
city limits. The wounded are being
brought here. Commander Shipley
has landed surgeons from the Des
Moines to care for them.
Z EL AY A ISSUES MANIFESTO.
Raps the United States for Severance
- of Relations.
Managua, Nicaragua, Dec. 22.?
Ex-President Zelaya today Issued a
manifesto declaring that his surren?
der of the Presidency was caused by
a desire to save Nicaragua the hu?
miliation of outrages threatened by
a powerful nation, which was now
inaugurating a decisive Influence
over the destiny of Nicaragua. Be?
cause of his resistance against the
imposition of tutelage, which was
the forerunner of the conversion of
the Latin nations of this continent
Into dependencies of the United
States, he had Incurred the hatred of
that Government Inexplicably sever?
ed relations with Nicaragua, through
Secretary Knox'a letter to the
charge d'affaires. He protested be?
fore the world against the meddling
of the United States and the threat
to land marines.
Tho former president declares that
the Americans,' Cannon and Groce,
were executed according to law.
This pretext for Intervention, he
asserts, la similar to that employed
when the United States first Inter?
vened in Cuba, for there was no
proof that the Maine was blown up
by Spaniards; yet this was taken as
a cause for action. Nor is there
any - " ' ~ ? A 1
.Then* are persistent rui ors here
Tfial orce >f H b, now
refug in Gua) mala, ar*
a rev lion ai $ i rop ..? to In
Hond a at >
Get 3onsal?s, li command of
Governing in. uoopa at llama,
official dispatch received here th ?
morning, claims to have won - vic?
tory over the revolutionists. Ho ad?
mits having suffered e>vere loaned.
The battle began at doon Monday,
the Governmant's right wmg being
attacked by (.'?..?inorro and the left
wing bj Meiuty. These positions
were defended until 6 o'clock In the
evening 1>> Gonzales and Castillo.
l.uOKIXG UP CLEMSON RECORDS
Representative Lawson. of Darling?
ton, Engaged in School Inquiry.
Columbia, Dec. 21.?Representa?
tive Lawson, of Darlington, who was
In the city today, is looking up the
records of Clemson College. Mr.
Lawson is a member of the legis?
lative educational institutions com?
mittee and is studying the records
of Clems'm College and the nature of
the will of Thomas Clemson. It is
probable that a special report will be
made by this committee, and as there
has been considerable discussion on
the status of the members of the
board now known as life trustees,
this report will be a subject for much
discussion at the next session of the
A Policeman's Testimony.
*J. N. Paterson night policeman of
Nashua, Iowa, writes: "Last winter I
had a bad co^l on my lungs and tried
at least half a dozen advertised cough
medicines and had treatment from
two physicians without getting any
benefit. A friend recommended Fo
ley'a Honey and Tar and two-thirds
of a bottle cured me. I consider it
the greatest cough and lung medicine
In the world." Slbert's Drug Store.
Prof. Charles Eaublln, formerly of
the University of Chicago, was the
lecturer before the League of Poli?
tical Education, New York. After
telling the audience, which was com?
posed mostly of women, how the re?
cent tariff bill was passed, Prof.
Zueblin said that the old Idea of the
eighteenth century under which the
Constitution wes framed, "the great?
est good for the greateat number,"
had passed its way.
Rich Men*! GlflH Are Poor
?Besides this: "I want to go on rec?
ord as saying that I regard Electric
Hitters as one of the greatest gifts
that God ha? made to woman, writes
Mrs. O. R Center,
N. T? "1 what It
has done 1 js med?
icine give? spirits,
rigor of i> iith. it
quickly cu eepless
nesH, mela ckache,
fainting at i build
?i t> ? Vi r> tt? r Try
CALHOUN STATUTE ACCEPTED.
Commission Meets in Washington
and Ruckstuhl is Paid for His
Washington, Dec. 22.?The South
Carolina commission in charge of
the Calhoun statute met today and
formerly accepted the work of the
sculptor, F. W. Ruckstuhl. The
commission, consisting of Governor
Ansel, W. L. Mauldln. A. J. Banks,
Mrs. R. Moultrie Bratton and Miss
Margaret Gist, were well pleased
with the work. After paying over
the $9,000 to Mr. Ruckstuhl they de?
cided to have the ceremonies of
presentation to the nation on Janu?
ary 19. Governor Ansel will pro
preside. The statue will be unveiled
by the two ladies and Mr. Mauldin
will deliver the address of the day.
It is not known what will be the
form of acceptance to be provided
by Congress. The amount paid Mr.
Ruckstuhl was $9,000. This leaves
$1,000 of the appropriation for the
expenses of the commission.
?A sprained ankle will usually dis?
able the injured person for three or
four weeks. This 1s due to lack of
proper treatment. When Chamber?
lain's Liniment is applied a cure
may be effected In three or four days.
This liniment is one of the best and
most remarkable preparations in
use. Sold by W. W. Sibert.
WILL LOCATE IN GREENVILLE.
Rev. G. G. Ma yes Will Meoome Sup?
erintendent of Home Missions.
Chester, Dec. 18.?Bethel Presby?
tery assembled at Yorkville last woek
to enable Rev. G. G. Mayes, to dis?
solve his paatorlal relations With
Blackstock and Concord Presbyterian
churches. He submitted his resign?
ation to the foregoing churches last
Sunday a week ago. Mr. Mayes re?
signed to become superintendent of
home missions at the appointment of
Synod. His headquarters will be in
Greenville, S. C, where he and his
family will remove January 1st.
Stung For 15 Years.
?by indigestion's pangs?trying
many doctors and $200.00 worth of
medicine in vain, B. F. Ayscue, of In
gleslde. N. C, at last used Dr. King's
New Life Pills, and writes they whol?
ly cured him. They cure constipa?
tion, biliousness, sick headache, stom
neh. liver, kidnev and bowel troubles.
Mrs Sophie Mayer, of New York,
Is the flrst woman lawyer to appear
lh the i mtU Oi Av^tr.\. Ahem*- M
attorney of ? New York tailor Mrs.
v ? r went, to Austria some tim<
?d obtained p- : m ss' n ?r m *b>:
minister of justice in Vienna to ap
pear. She won her case.
?It's a woman's delight to look her
best but Dimples. skin eruptions,
sores and boils rob life of joy. Lis?
ten! Bucklen's Arnica Salve cures
them; makes the skin soft and vel?
vety. It glorifies the face. Cures
pimples, sore eyes, cold sores, crack?
ed lips, chapped hands. Try it. In?
fallible for Piles. 26c at Sibert's
Congressman E. D.Crumpacker, of
the Tenth Indiana district, announ?
ces that he will be a candidate for
renomination. He has served six
consecutive terms in the lower house.
?The above is the name of a Ger?
man chemical, which is one of the
many valuable ingredients of Foley's
Kidney Remedy. Hexamethylene
tetramine is recognized by medical
text books and authorities as a uric
acid solvent and antiseptic for the
urine. Take Foley's Kidney Remedy
as soon as you notice any irregulari?
ties and avoid a serious malady. Si?
bert's Drug Store.
Rev. Sarah A. Dixon, Ph. D.. has
been made pastor of the Congrega?
tional Church at Tewksbury, Mass.
Miss Dixon is a graduate of the Bos?
ton University. She formerly held
a pastorate at Tygnsboro. Mass.
WHY SO WEAK,
Kidney Troubles May he Sapping
Your Life Away?Sumtcr People
Have Learned This Fact.
When a healthy man or woman
begins to run down without apparent
cause, becomes weak, languid depress?
ed, suffers backache, headache, dizzy
spells and urinary disorders, look to
the kidneys for the cause of it all.
Keep the kidneys well and they will
keep you well. Doan's Kidney Pills
cure sick kidneys and keep them well.
Here is Sumter testimony to prove It
Walter M. Folsom, 102 Hampton
Ave., Sumter, S. C, says: "For some
time I suffered from a dull Main
through my loins and when 1 made a
sudden. movement, Sharp twinges
darted through me. After sitting for
a while I became so stilt and lam*
thai 1 found it dilticult to reguii: au
erect position. Tho secretions from
my kidneys were very unnatural and
contained, a heavy sediment. Doan'"
Kidney Pills, which 1 procured a
China's drug store, soon gave me th
desired relief, The bakache and pain
vanished, the kidney secretions he
came natural and I could rest wol
I have no hesitation in recommend
Ing Doan's Kidney l'iiis as they hav
given me satisfactory results.'.'
For sale by all dealers. Price 0
cents. Foster-MUburn Co., buffalo
New York, sole agents for the Cnitei
Kemember the naino?Doan's -an?
taki no other. Io. 13
The Kind You Have Always Bought, ted which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
? and has been made under his per*
ffl-f jfj>s Bonal supervision sine* its infancy.
*t<CA44i Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good* are but
Experiments that triile with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium? Morphine nor other Narcotio
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and aKays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food? regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
VMS ?Kirrawn eeaMirr, rr mukhay aracrr. new vea* cm.
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a dozen,
a hundred of 'em? No better pla
to get them for miles around th;
right here. We have the goods
saving prices and can deliver the
quickly and correctly. This is a d
pot for such building materials. V
have a 'phone and we want your o
Tha Crnnfor rWr C,?l. a, QMaS Coffer
J. W. sfcKai**r, - - pr ?nr ?
Birmes Drug ?|tore,
6 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. 0.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARh AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
MOTTO: PURE AND RfLIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
The Farmers' Bank and 1 rust Co.,
Has the largest capital stock of any bank in Sumter Coun?
ty with a rapidly growing surplus, a progressive and ac?
commodating set of officials, it is able at d guarantees it's
patrons the very best that's to be had in ihe way of conser?
Ike Lien Law Has to taalei
But the Bank of Suprler w:
customers. If you have not an
ready, open an accoupf by makii
? business for 1910 is ;?
<G, Pres. M. MOISE. 1st V
W. F. RHAME.
W WALSH, Teller. D. S
Wm. J. CROWSO
e of its farmer
th this bankal
Bank of inter.