Newspaper Page Text
tyt ??aUliiimn anb Southron
WEME9DAY, DECEMBER 29, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found
as) In 1110 and ths Trus Southron In
lit! Ths Watchman and Southron
mow has ths combined circulation and
Influence of iboth of ths old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
ClsVB EXPKI.? DR. COOK. j
DtMlpllnca Hun for Faking the Mount
New York. Dec. 14.?The board of
governors of the Explorers' club met
today In executive session and, stand?
ing In silence, voted with bowed heads
that Dr. Frederick Cook be dropped
from the rolls of the club >c frauds
practiced on Its members and on tr e
Coming hard upon the heels of tre
crushing verdict lately rendered fcy
the University of Copenhagen, the
action of the Explorers' club today
\m the result of Independent investi?
gation which in no way touch upon
the polar controversy and the weigh:
>f Its disapproval thus becomes cum?
Preliminary to its vote of expulsion
the board met to pass upon the re?
sort of Its committee, which has been
investigating the validity of Dr.
Cook's assertion that he reached the
summit of Mount McKinley. This
committee in concluding an exhaus?
tive report recommended that "Dr.
Cook's claim that he ascended the
ifsjmmlt of Mount McKinley in 110?
bo rejected by the Explorers' club
its on worthy of credence."
The committee's rscommendatlon
was based on Its finding that 'Dr.
Cook had repeatedly made state?
ments that have not been In accord
arith the facts, and that he had en?
tered Into agreement which he has
foiled to k*cp and that the misstate
raents and broken agresments deal
not only with the matters appertain?
ing to dtocovery. but to ordinary nn
anclal transactions, so that no qre
dence can be given to statements
made by him.
?meng the oeven signatures ap?
pended to the arraignment are thoae
of Casper Whitney and Anthony Fl?
aut, a polar explorer of note, both
povoonal friends of Dr. Cook. The
committee Is further explicit. In Its
statement that It undertook Its In?
vestigation after first apprising Dr.
Cook of Its purpose, which he appro?
ved In uers^o; >nd that It has dlre
garded crtlrely the testimony of Kd
- & iill, Jo - oak's guide, and of
F**rlch Prlr* his packer, altdouah
such tcs* as D*fore them, be
ouooe it * . ohod ;> . cloud of partlzan
content ^lon of flnanctal
Interest oh the Integrity of Its!
The oommitt* M a whole states
that Dr. Cook of the **o*nt
Is not only su unconvincing
to the expert talneer but
that under an. 'ys's It I ?comes In?
credible, and oonclu
That ho broke his agreement with
hie fellow club members to suppiy
fcgfl original notoo and data upon
which hi* '.. > k w.m
BOOST. DONT ks< < K.
Trade Has Been Good Hut l'nddbl
ilon Has Hart the Coffin ? ? ness.
Don't you think the Intimation in
your paper of Friday, that there was
any possible reason for former shop?
pers of Sumter to now do their shop?
ping In Columbia was a mild knock
The Brother's Company, doing a
retail furniture bualnew, has had
cash salea since Nov., 15th of flfy per
cent more than last year during the
tame time. The credit sales, which are
confined mostly to the city, have been
squally as good or better than last
year during the same time.
Of course It pays to advertise in
The Dally Item, which probably is
ths reason the express company has
done so much better business recent?
ly. The Increased sales at the stores
we have figured wns due to the pros?
perity of the country, high prices of
cotton etc. Probably several dollars
have come In that would have gone
to buy boose.
The Brother's Compsny doing a
manufacturing business making cof?
fins and caskets has not done so well*
though at this time of the year It
was never good, but it might be that
It hns lost some sales on account of
k ths people not getting so much booze
to drink. It haa been my personal ob
gorvatlon that prohibition Is a blow
to the coffin business. Don't knock
E. L. Wltherspoon.
An Important Condition.
Five-year-old Zora had been lis?
tening very attentively to the older
onee talking, when one turned to her
and askd, "Well. Zora, what are
you going to do when you are
grown?" After drawing a long breath
the anawered, "I'm going to teach
school If there are any kids left." ?
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. YV. Dabbs, President FurmerM* Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
?eml-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
orTlcers, and members of t?\e Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clip dngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o. r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ublished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville, S. C.
LET YOUR BOY BE AN INDIAN.
Outdoor Life and Excitement Alone
Can Quiet His Million Nerves.
Of all the delight* of a boy's heart,
camping is the dearest and most nat?
ural. This desire to "camp out" Is
sure to be a real Inborn longing of
every normal boy between the a?res
of ten and fifteen years, says Th-3 De?
lineator for January. This is the
savage stage In the development of
the boy; when he would rather be
a wild Indian or a cave-dweller than
the greatest statesman on this earth.
Looking out of my window on
Christmas morning, upon hearing an
especially loud tumult, I beheld a
sight that should Inspire any one to
become Interested In boy life. Across
the street, among the tall weeds of
a vacant lot, there moved a terrify?
ing band of "wild Indians," now
stealthily stalking the unsuspecting
"paleface," which In this case was
a stray cat; now emitting a blood?
curdling war-whoop as the band
made a fierce dash upon Its victim.
One small urchin had received a
cheap imitation Indian suit for a
Christmas present, and with the gay
colored head-dress denoting his pres?
ent authority as "big chief," he had
Immediately collected a motley band
of admiring followers. He would not
have changed placet with any other
person on earth except to become
the real Indian himself. What an
opportunity was here offered for the
Working out of homo-directed actlvl
This growing boy Is brimming ovf*r
with exuberant life, as it nhown by
his constant action. If he Is awake
and still, he Is ill. for he has a mil?
lion nerve -nd muscles to keep him
quiet. Vlth him variety is not sim?
ply tli gplec of life; it is his dally
bread. Thus It is that rough games
and outdoor life appeal to the boy
THE GA Kin OF EDflH.
Many Ifcelieve That the lotend of Cor?
Ion Was the Hoi . I n.
Millions and million*- ib ? '-\>air
ChrM'.uns of the orient nd all the
followers of t: Prophet Mohammed
believe Ciat the Isalnd ?f Ceylon is
the Garden ol Eden, iu which the
human race h*St i -me to conscious?
ness. Connei Ing Ceylon wUh Jndla
am! til mainland of Asia Is a low
lylnv an of islands nr*d sandbanks
known as Adam's Fridge. In the
southern part of the Island Is a beau?
tiful mountain which has been known
for centuries as Adam's Peak.
A railroad built like the Florida
Keys, road to Key West will soon run
across Adam's Bridge to connect
Eden with Aula, and the angels with
the flaming swords who stand guard
at the gate will be made to do signal
tower service for a government rail?
way. The high slopes of Adam's
Peak are devoted to growing tea for
the afternoon delectation of some
daughter of Eve, who has long ag")
forgot the garden, the serpent and
the exile. But despite all these mod?
ern improvements and developments
Ceylon Is still a Garden of Eden, al?
though It |i much confused as to who
Is the master of the garden.
Near rhe top of Adam's Peak there
Is a dep-'esslon in the stono which re?
sembles a footprint?<tho track left by
a giant .n the form of a man. Good
Moslem? and the vast majority of
oriental Christians firmly believe that
It Is the footprint of Father Adam
when he turned to leave his paradise.
Good Buddhists believe that It Is the
Imprint of the bare foot of Gautama
Buddha, who brought the enlighten?
ment of his wisdom to Ceylon. De?
vout Hindoos believe that the\ foot?
print is that of one of the thousand
and elgnt manifestations of the sec?
ond In the Brahmlnlcal trinity.
s > pilgrim* of every religion make
their way to Adam's Peak to pray for
the salvation of mankind at the spot
where many of them believe the first
sin came into the world.
Twenty-five years ago Buddhism
was moribund in Ceylon. Hardly a
I monk could be found, the temples
were given over to the profanation
of the Hindus and their disgusting
worship. Everybody recognized that
Buddhism was dying out in Ceylon
just as it had already died out in
Colonel Alcott resolved to reform
Buddhism. Enough of hid Christian
training and occidental heritage re- j
mained with him to convince him
that "faith, if it have not works, la
dead." He established a Buddhist
college, in which boys and young men
were to be Instructed in the ordinary
branches of learning and in the pure
precepts of their fathers' ancient
faith. Soon after came Mrs. Carrie
Higgins, also an American, who es?
tablished a similar college for girln.
The yellow robed monks rubbed
their eyes in wonder, and then they,
too, caught some of the inspiration
of the western blood in an eastern
In this same Garden of Eden the
American laborers in the Christian
vineyard are also hard at work. The
American mission In the north of the
island is taking outcast boys and
girls, educating them, giving them
English names and setting them out
on the road to prosperity.
In Colombo there is an old Dutch
I Presbyterian church, the congrega
1 tlon dating back from 1643. The
present church building was erected
In 1749 and is the largest and hand?
somest building in the city. It con?
tains the tombs of Dutch governor*,
generals and admirals ?a mighty
host. Its people are all "burgher:,."
descendants of th> old Durch colo?
nists. Whether th*- footprint on the
peak is that of Adam or Buddha or
Vishnu only the pilgrims care. Bm
there Is no doubt that today Atnerir
can Influence Is the most pol m
the confused religions of thi*> ?lona.
No Justice ;l ll
The dlipeaW nM *??? closea'
jtag? gij for It was closed I
j ,v ten days before the legal
there Was nothing to
Th( Hoard has been ready to settle
ait outstanding claims and could
have paid over to the County and
Town the snug little sum of $9,000
or more several weeks ago, but by
order of dispensary Auditor West
their hands are tied In that matter.
It Is now being talked In Columbia,
that the winding up commission
through their counsel and the Attor?
ney General are thinking of attach?
ing this money In the hands of the
County Hoards to cover over charges
that they have brought out Pgatnat
certain houses in winding up the
old State dispensary.
Even if they have the legal right
to do so, If such a step be taken It
will be the greatest piece of high?
handed Injustice and down right im?
position that we have ever heard
The County Board independent of
any State authority, contracted liquor
debts in good faith to the houses
they dealt with and they are legal?
ly and morally bound to pay these
debts. They have the money ready
and would have had them# all paid
If It had not been for the Interfer?
ence of Auditor West.
Perhaps they want to get another
loop hole to prolong the winding up
of that old "Hotten Thing" and give
those high price lawyers another
chance for a legal grab.
If we understand it right, already
$")0,000 has been set aside to pay
those Atlanta lawyers, and K'O.OOO
has been set aside to Mr. Stevenson
to pay himself and the others con?
nected with him. and by the time
the' UK' up and decide the matter
legal status of the Wtndlng
laalon attaching the funds
is of the County Boards,
he much left to go to the
t? or liquor houses.
are heartly Btck and
disk any such proceedings,
and - the Commission
winds Dispensary with the
old dll Is. the better they
will pic ople.?Biahopvllle
GOLD AND TIN IN CAROLINAS.
Yeilow Metal Found in Small Paying
Qualities in Several Counties.
In the number of its mineral spe- j
cies North Carolina is said to excel j
any other State In the Union, and j
minerals in great number and varie?
ty have been found in South Caro?
lina. The gold, tin, and other min?
eral deposits of a large area in the
central part of the Carolinas form
the subject of a report by L. C. Gra
ton, published by the United States
geological survey as bulletin 293.
In discussing the tin deposits of
this area, Mr. Graton sketches briefly
the general geology, gives a short
history of tin mining in the Carolinas,
and describes the occurrence and
character of the ore. The tin min?
eral Is cassiterite, or tin dioxide,
which is found in pegmatite, a gran?
itic rock that occurs in dikes in a belt
extending northeastward from Cher?
okee county across Cleveland and
Baston counties to Lincoln county.
The report includes a description of
the tin mines and of the methods of
mining and extraction.
When the early Spanish explorers
came to America the Indians showed
?them rich nuggets and ornaments of
gold which came from the southern
Appalachian region. At the oloto of
the eighteenth century gold was dis?
covered In South Carolina and thirty
years later It was found In North
Carolina. In the year 1829 goil to
the value of $3.500 was mined in
South Carolina, and from that time
until the civil war gold mining Mfas
carried on In the Carolinas with prof?
it. The total gold production of the
?eg!on .has probably been about $10.?
The gold deposits of the Carolinas
are of many types, all of which are
described by Mr. Graton. The dis?
tribution of the gold, the genesis of
the deposits, and the mining devel?
opments are fully discussed,
j Deposits of ores of Iron, copper,
lead, monazlte, corundum, and other
minerals occurring in this region are
described in the report.
The bulletin contains also a de?
scription of the gold deposits at
Dahlonega, Ga., by Waldemar Lind
gren, including a sketch of the gen
eral genology of the region and de?
scriptlon of the veins and mines.
When a Kind Act Returned Home.
A Cleveland paper tells of a tram\>
who came to the back door of a resi?
dence and begged for shoes. Th3
mistress of the house gavs him a
?rood pair, and laid to him: "There,
put these on un*1 If you want to show
j our gr'1 ? $niiL ,Kli P1T - ';
here nlng after a >nov
pfor>. Bhu vi? :ui off our sidewalk."
?om< time after, the lady was
ted early one morning by some
" icraplng the sidewalk in front of
the h"use. Looking out, she found
that there had been quite a heavy
fall of snow, and there she beheld the
tramp to whom she had given the
shoes, clearing away the snow from
the sidewalk with an old broken
shovel When he caught sight of his
benefactress at the window he raised
his tattered hat to her, and, his self
imposed task finished, went away
without saying a word or even ask?
ing for anything to eat. Three times
the same, thing happened during the
winter, but the man never asked for
compensation or food, repeats Orison
Swett Marden in Success Magazine.
A New York woman once invited a
ragged, dirty beggar into her house,
and after he had had a comfortable
meal and some clean clothing she
sent him away with words of encour?
agement, telling him that he was
made for something better than
tramping; that it was a shame for a
man of his apparent intelligence and
good health to be retting a living in
such a disgraceful way.
This lady became embarrassed
financially and was In sore need of
money. She asked a friend where
she could borrow five hundred dol?
lars, but he cj.iM not r..ccommodato
her, nor did he know of any one who
could. Next day, to her gteat aston?
ishment, a rr n, total stranger, as
she thought, at her house and
tol l her that n? nad h-.w\i she wac*
pressed for money, and that he had
come to lend her the amount oho
needed. With growing s:irpr'so the
asked how It was a that a complete
stranger, whom she had never seen,
was willing to trust her The man
then explained that ne was the tramp
whom, a year before, she had taken
to her home and treated like a broth?
er; that her kindness on that ocoa
j sion had been the turning point In
I his career, had made a man of him
again; that he had prospered beyond
his deserts, and that ever since lie
had gotten < n his feet he bad been
wishing for an opportunity to show
his appreciation of what she had
done for him.
For Infanta and Children,
The Kind You Have Always bought
Fame, Wealth and Glory?W hat Aro
Then, overnight, it seemed, a ca?
tastrophe sprang at her from the !
unseen. It had come to other prima ]
donnas, thi3 inevitable terror, but to
her it had seemed so many years '
away that she had no need even to
think of it. Her day was done. The
Critics chanted it in varying phrases,
caustic, eulogistic; the public refused 1
ionger to come to hear her. She felt
as a queen whose armies and sub?
jects had turned from her. Pride
had grown so big with her that only
a flout such as this would have con?
vinced her that the voice was fin?
A tour of the outlying towns that
knew her only by name, that last
stand of the ended prima donna, was i
undertaken. A second was ventur
ed, to close prematurely in disaster, |
and all was over.
Then she had free time, at last.
Time, too, in which to foot up the Loans negotiated upon impn
reckoning. Home she had none; she eo" farms, payable in annual
had never had time to make one. stallments. No Commissi. -
the deep ruts worn by chariot wht
in the days of Marcus Aurellus.
Other highways were discovei
outside the city walls, bordered w
little shops, with work rooms a
workmen's lodgings in the rear
well as the shopkeepers' own a bod
Here the country people could ma
purchases at once without enteri
the city. Soldiers from the August
Third Legion used to congreg; i
here. Th* se subur>/an districts w?
bu.'-tling with activity,
j Among mediocre dwellings r<
certain larger, more luxuric
houses, with paved vestibules i>t t
front and porticos around the outsi
Hug ? square b;,sins occupied them
j cite of these buildings, and the roo- -
I opened upon atriums paved w
; marble mosaics.
Children she had none. A husband
on whose arm she could lean was
not hers; she had unmade him into
what he was. Her mother's vigilant
love remained only a memory; her
kith and kin, at first resentful, had
grown to look with a certain pride
on her zenith. The cause for this
casual interest was now removed;
new names took the place of hers in
the cast lists; society found new
idols to invite to its functions; old
friends that these new ones had sup?
planted were vanished out of her
AX AFRICAN POMPEII.
A Buried Roman City Excavated In
(By Rene Fage, Translated in Bos?
ton Transcript from L'lllustration.
Dead for many centuries, its site
forgotten and its name preserved
only in certain ancient writings. Tim
gad has shaken off the mantle of
sand that entirely covered it and
come forth once more into the Al?
gerian sunshine. To M. Albert Fal
lu, director of the Service des Monu?
ments Historlques, we owe the ex?
cavation of this ancient Thamugadi,
the important Roman city founded
by Trapan at the entrance to the
defiles of the Aures. In less than 20
yearu Tlmgad has been exhumed,
and now remains to unearth the su?
burbs that stretched away toward
Tebessa, Mascula and Lambese.
The last campaign of digging un?
covered the extension of the Trium?
phal avenue along an extent of near
|y TOO feet, and that r.' ?*>
Borrowers pay actual cost of p
fecting Loan. For further inf< r
mation apply to
JOHN B. PALMER & SON.
P.O. Box 282, Phone No. ic
Office Sylvan Bldg.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
TAX RETURNS FOR 1910.
COUNTY AUDITOR SUMTER CO.
SUMTER, S. C, Dec. 3, 1909.
Notice is hereby given that I wil
attend, in person or by deputy, a
the following places on the days In
dicated, respectively, for the purpos*
of receiving returns of real estate
personal property, and poll taxes fo
the fiscal year commencing Januar
Tindalls, Tuesday, Jan. 4th.
Privateer, (Jenkins' store.) Wed
nesclay, Jan. 5th.
Manchester, Levt's, Thursday, Jan
Wedgefield, Friday, Jan. 7th.
Claremont Depot, Monday, Jan
Hagood, Tuesday, Jan. 11th.
Remberts, Wednesday, Jan. 12th.
Dalzell, Thursday, Jan 13th.
W. T. Brogdon's Store, Friday,
Mayesville, Tuesday, Jan. 18th.
Shiloh, Wednesday, Jan. 19th.
Norwood'."- X Roads. Thursday.
700 feet, and that at |r* r>o(-. .t.!:v 20th.
mane.-. ..<..u. ? ,. v lui 'a monumeu-? i ^wejko, .'riday, i - - ^xs>^.
tal arch WM r-.aehed that reeembies \ All persons wh^'c ".^cty ic Is to
the beautiful gata n" Lambeso The i make leturns f.houlJ bt Prompt to
fluted Corinthian columns, the eor- | meet me at these appolntriVentsT All
nices, the frieze and the entire en?
tablature lay scattered about on the
ground. An inscription informs us
that the arch dates from 171 A. D.
The slabs of the pavement still show
returns must be made before Feb.
20th, 1910. '
J. DIGGS WILDER,
Auditor for Sumter Co.
The most (phenomenal values
Linens and Linen i icccs,
Children's Hand Bags,
?and everything to make a sen
sible and useful Xmas Gift at
Sumter's Big Store.\