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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 29, 1909, Image 6',
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The OnlonJsUkins and Prediction* of
the Gr-et Astronoi
From the London Spectator.
Whether we view Halley'e comet
from the standpoint of the historian
or the astronomer. Q. F. Chambers,
In his new book, "The Story of the
Comets." reminds ue that It must be,
regarded as by far the most Interest?
ing of all the comets recorded In
history. HaJley. with whose name
the comet has been associated, ow?
ing to his prolonged calculations of
Its orbit, found that it was one with
the comete of Uli and 160 7. This
was after its reappearance in .?8 2,
which thus gave It a period some?
where about II 1-1 years. Yet Hal
ley was very greatly troubled by
certain disciepanctee between the
known facta und the result* of his
reneonlng; but finally, by an effort of
Imagination, Usted by prolonged cal?
culation, he discovered that the In?
fluence of th? planet Jupiter had
affected tbe velocity of the comet,
and thus shortened Its orbit. He ven?
tured to predict that It would re?
turn about the end of 175 8. and
wrote , concerning it. the following
almost pathetic sentence:
"Wherefore if It should return ac?
cording to our prediction about the
yen* 1761, Impartial posterity will
not refuse to acknowledge that thla
first discovered by an English
It did return, and was first seen on
the night of Christmas Day. 1768, by
an astronomically Inclined farmer
Pnlltaach. living near Dres
And, a? Hind has remarked,
posterity has not attempted to de?
prive HaJley of the honors which
were his due. Indeed, only thla very
year It was announced that the Ad?
miralty has decided to repair his
tomb at the fubllc expense.
The comet wan seen on the morn?
ing of Aug nt 6, 1835. And no,/ we
are ax pec tin a It to make Its \pircar
ance again In our ski en Aa we write
we cannot but ponder how some aged
man may look at It with tired eyee?
?4 the same strange light In the aky
which, some 76 years ago, he viewed
wonderlngly, aa a little child. This
la a thought that must arise in many
n mind when the comet arrives. And
nwny In the agea 160 B C. It la now
certain that thla same comet was
visiting the earth.
Survival of the Flghtlest.
?hundred and fifty years ago,
land, .<J^s born a man, whoae
r enbe^ejiej^ ca ?er waa aboalutely
unique, lift was John Adama, a eon of
lowly parents, who became a com?
mon sailor and acquired at an early
Me a reputation hardly enviable.
While a member of the crew of H.
M. 0. Bounty. Adams Is said to have
been the ringleader In a plot which
resulted In a mutiny. The ship waj
then between Sou fa America and
Australia, far from the track of 'rav?
el. The mutineers landed on Plt
oulrn Island, a solitary speck of land
to the Pacific, after having carried
off a number of Tahltian women and
Pitchalrn Island la only 2 1-2 miles
long and one mile broad, but It ap?
peared desirable In the eyes of the
mutineers who feared to return to
civilisation The Tahltian men and
the mutlneera were unable to llvo to?
gether In peace and amity, the wo?
men being a source of contention. So
they murdered each other at frequent
Intervals, until In 1800. ten yearit af?
ter they began settlement, only John
Adams was left of the men. Howover,
he had a harem of eight women ond
n number of children and many more
arrived before hla death to continue
the populating or the Island. All of
the present population are descended
from this Adams.
After the death of his male com?
panion, Adams abandoned his mur?
derous ways and became a good
Christian, educating all his wives and
children In the faith, so that today a
more pious community cannot be
found than Pltcalrn Itland.
The Island belongs nominally to
Oreat Britain, but the Inhabitants
are practically Independent and aloof
from the world. A British steamer
viaita the laland at Intervals of from
one to two years. The Island Is high?
ly productive and yields nearly ev?
erything the simple descendants of
John Adams desire.
?T?TE Or OHIO. CITY OF TO?
LUC A 8 COUNTY.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that
he Is senior partner of the firm of F.
J. Cheney A Co.. doing bualneas In
the City of Toledo, County and State
nforeeatd, and that said firm will pay
the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
LvARS for eaci and every caae of
Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
nee of Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FF.ANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
In my presence, this 6th day of De?
cember, A. D., lilt.
(Seal.) A. W. OLEASON.
Hall's Catarrh Cure la taken Inter?
nally, and acts directly on the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Send for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY ?s CO.. Toledo, O.
Bold by all Druggists, 76c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con
THE APPETITE OF KINGS.
Emperor An Enormous Enter?Bour?
bon Monarch? an Trenchermen.
(From the British Medical Journal.)
Whether they reign by divine right
or by the will of the people, Provi?
dence would seem to have endowed
royal personages with appetites In
proportion to their exalted position, j
According to Motley, Charles V was
n enormous eater. "He breakfasted
5 on a fowl seethed in milk and
dressed with sugar and spices. After
this he went to sleeep again. He din?
ed at 12, partaking always of 20
dishes. He supped twice?first, soon
after vespers and the second time at
ldnlght or 1 o'clock, which meal
waa perhaps the moat aolid of the
four, After meal he ate a great quan?
tity of paatry and sweetmeats and he
Irrigated every repast by vaat drafts
of beer and wine."
Roger Aacham, "standing hard by
the Imperial table at the feast of the
Golden Fleece," watched with won?
der the Emperor's ateady progress
through '"sod beef, roast muttoi,
charred hare," after which "he fed
well of a capon.' Ascham adds that
Charlee drank "the best that ever I
saw; he had his head In the glass five
times aa long as any of them, and
never drank leaa than a good quart at
once of Rhenish wine."
Naturally the nemesis of gout and
dyspeela's overtook him; bur, says
Sir William Stirling, even In his worst
days of suffering from theee diseases
before setting out for Flanders, the
fullness and frequency of the meals
which occurred between hla spiced
milk in the morning and hla heavy
supper at night so amaxed an envoy
of Venice that he thought them
worthy of special notice in a dispatch
to the senate of hla republic.
In hla cloister life eating was the
only physical gratification which the
emperor could still enjoy. To the
last he continued to dine on rich
dishes, and the supply of his table
was the main subject of the corres?
pondence between the major-domo
and the secretary of state. Spain and
Portgual were ransacked for Ash,
partridges, sausages and other dain?
ties to pleaae the worn-out palate of
the Emperor, and presents of game,
venison, beef, veal and other pro?
visions were showered upon Charles
In hla retreat.
The Renaissance Introduced Italian
cooks and paatry into France, and the
banquets of Henri III recall those of
Hellogabalua. It Is related that at
one of them Catherine de Medici, the
Queen Mother, ate so much that she
was 111 almost unto death.
Louis XIV had a truly kingly ap?
petite. He often took at one meal
four platefuls of different soups, a
pheasant, a partridge, a large plate?
ful of pastry, fruits and hard-boiled
eggs. It is no wonder that the Jour?
nal de la Sante du Rol, a diary kept
by his physicians till within a few
years of his death, is a long record of
indigestion, intestinal storms and at?
tacks of gout, with constant physick?
ing, blysters and bleeding.
Fagon succeeded in getting the
King to submit to dieting, but even
then he would eat, In addition,' to
toast and pigeon soup, three-roast
The Bourbons were nearly all
In our own day there are or were
royal personages worthy to feast with
Charles V. In "An Onlooker's Note
Book.'' attributed to G. W. E. Russell,
which appeared some years ago,
there Is the following passage:
"An Illustrious couple arranged |0
pay i. two nights' visit at a country
house of which the owners were
friends of mine. For reasons of ex?
pediency we will call the visitors the
duke and duchess, though that wan
not their preclae rank. When a thou?
sand preparations too elaborate to be
described here had been made for the
due entertainment of them and their
suite and their servants the private
secretary wrote to the lady of the
house Inclosing a written memoran?
dum of his master's and mistress' re?
quirements in the way of meals.
"The day began with cups of tea
brought to the bedroom. While the
duke was dressing an egg beaten up
with sherry was served to him not
once, but twice. The duke and duch?
ess breakfasted together In their pri?
vate sitting room, where the usual
English breakfast was p ided. They
had their luncheon with their hosts
and the house party and ate and
drank like other people.
"Particular instructions were given
that at 5 o'clock there must be some?
thing substantial in the way of eggs,
sandwiches or potted meat, and this
meal the Illustrious couple consumed
with especial gusto. Dinner was at
8:30 on a limited and abbreviated
scale, but let no one suppose that the
Illustrious went hungry to bed. When
they retired supper was brought up
to them In their private sitting room
and a cold chicken and a bottle of
claret were left In their bedroom as a
provision against emergencies."
Constitutional monarchs may be
gluttons without much harm to any?
one but themselves, but It would be
Interesting to trace the connection
between dyspepsia and despotism, be
tween gout and mlgovernment in the
JEWS THE COMING PEOPLE.
Fulfilling Their Destiny and Proving
Bible's Divinity, Dr. Young Says.
The Rev. Dr. S. Edward Young,
pastor of the Bedford Avenue Pres?
byterian church, in Brooklyn, deliv?
ered a sermon yesterday morning in
which he hailed the Jews as the
coming nation of the world. Dr.
Young took for his text this passage
Thou shalt become an astonish?
ment, a proverb, and a byword
among all people, from the one end
of the earth even unto the other. T
will get them praise and fame in ev?
ery land where they have been put
In his sermon the pastor said:
"One million sermons establishing
the Bible's divine authorship are
New York City's one million Israel?
ites. Here bear they wltneas?a na?
tion for 2,500 years without a gov?
ernment of their own, for only 700
yeara out of 3,000 years united and
independent; exiled all from Pales
I tine by Emperor Hadrian, earlier
driven from Rome; banished from
I England in 1200, from France In lr
395. from Spain in 1492; every klng
I dorn, empire, and republic against
them officially, socially, commerclal
I ly, ecclesiastically, until the Declara
I tion of Independence at Philadelphia
I In 1776, and the majority of man?
kind against them today; their land
I never ruled by them since 586 B. C;
I their twenty times taken city, Jeru
I salem, In the hands of enemies dur
I Ing these past seventy-five genera
I tlons; for nearly two millenniums no
centralized religious system?yet be
I hold the Jews as numerous as ever,
distinct, known as Jews wherever
they go; their ancient Ideals still
cherished; their beliefs incorporated
into Christianity and Mohammedan?
ism; their progenitors the writers of
the thirty-nine books of the Old Tes?
tament and the twenty-seven of the
I New, Jews fast becoming the leaders
j of our twentieth-century world!
I "Fulfilled are the multitude of
I prophecies of woes and wanderings
I uttered by Moses and the seers of
I Isarel in entire opposition to what
I the people would have wished them
I to predict, fulfilled in every smallest
detail. Beginning to be fufilled are
those prophecies that declared: 'I
I will get them praise and fame in ev
I ery land, where they have been put
to shame.' Do not Hebrews this
j minute hold the balance of power In
j this city in business and at the vot
I ing booth? Is not their birth rate
I highest, their death rate lowest?
I Their diseases produced by drunken
I nesa and immoral vices?are they not
I fewer than those of other races? In
I proportion to population do not Jew
| ish graduates of our schools /and
I winners of prizes far outnumber
J Gentiles? Who own most of the de?
partment and minor stores of Ameri?
can cities? The cotton trade?elimi
I nate Hebrews therefrom and where
would the market be tomorrow? To
whicVi nationality belong the men
I Who control European finances?the
Rothschilds and the rest? Who loan
to each nation hard up for funds?
i "Cart away every book and maga?
zine article produced by Israelite tal?
ent?what a void In literature! Run
l an anti-Semite pruning hook
throughout Christendom's education?
al fcrces?the educators we would
lose! Even the Mohammedan Seml
I nary at Cairo, Egypt, was raised tc
Its present glory by President Ab
basl, a Jew. Can you figure out the
mathematical Improbability that all
these prophecies reaching across
three millennulms should just hap?
pen to be fulfilled? Could any one
else than the Almighty speak them?
Shall we not rely absolutely upon
what God says in the rest of His
[Book? Shall we not trust every
promise of the Great Master who
said: 'Jerusalem shall be trodden
down of the Gentiles until the times
of the Gentiles be fulflilled'?"?N. Y.
Mme. Jeanne Schmahl is the pres?
ident of the French Union for Wo?
man Suffrage which has Just been
organized with headquarters In Paris.
She declares that the campaign to
obtain votes for women is to be a
peaceable one. They have begun by
I asking for the municipal vote, with
eligibility of women to muncipal
Mrs. Angeline E. Newman, widow
of Bishop John P. Newman, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, became
I d eply Interested In missionary work
after her husband's death, ten yeara
ago, and went to Jerusalem, where
she organized a kindergarten. Al?
though past eighty, Mrs. Newman
was actively engaged In the work un?
til her death, a short while ago.
What? Mrs. O'Leary's cow didn't
start the Chicago fire by kicking
over a lamp? Go to! Pretty soon
somebody will be denying that Co?
lumbus made an egg stand on Its
end, or that Newton saw an apple
fall, or that Franklin went kite
flying in a thunderstorm.?New
THE MIDDLE-AGED MAN.
Something Said to Him by Dentist
Set? Him to Thinking.
From the New York Sun.
"My dentist tells me," said the
middle aged man, "that my teeth
will last a3 long as I do; and when
he said that to me I was at first
pleased, because then it seemed to
mean simply that I still had pretty
good teeth, good for a long time yet,
and I thought that some day I
would say to him, sort of half Jok?
" 'Doctor, you tell me my teeth
will last as long as I will?about
how long do you think my teeth will
"In that way, you see, by indirec?
tion I am going to get a line on how
much longer he thought I was likely
to live; and as I thought that over I
smiled to myself, thinking that was
a pretty bright idea, but do you
know that when I came to think It
over again I didn't ask him finally?
"Because I think he knows. I have
been going to him now for years and
he knows my teeth through and
through. He knows by them how
old I am and he knows their rate of
wear exactly and how much longer
they will last and he could tell me
how much longer I will last. But I
haven't ask od him because I don't
want to know, I don't want to know
"As a matter of fact I think that
when we come to my time of life we
don't much fancy dwelling on that;
though there are times when It seems
to Intrude Itself when we realize that
the years ahead of us are not so
many as?well, as they were some
years ago, when life seemed to ua
interminable. Any actuary could tell
us what our expectation of life may
at the present moment.
"We expect, of course, that we are
going to live longer, to be the ex?
ception, but even if we should so
prove we can count the years still
coming to us without using many
figures. We are getting to where we
can see the end if we look that way,
and I can't say that I have any fear
of it, but I certainly don't find any
pleasure in contemplating It; I'd
"So I haven't asked the dentist be?
cause I don't want to know. The
thought of it does drift in on me
once In a while, but when it does I
shunt it off and get bu^y and keep
plugging and take a cheerful view.
"I'm glad my teeth are good, any?
HOW A GRAND OPERA STAR
FEELS THE FIRST NIGHT.
Mnrie Rappold Had to Wait Seven
Years for Her Opportunity.
I had been kept In such a constant
state of happiness, that the night of
my grand opera debut seemed like a
beautiful dream, writes Marie Rap?
pold In The Delinetaor. I was eager
?not fearful?to come face to face
with the audience.
Heinrich Conrled came to my
dressing-room. He had promised
me a surprise for that night, and
there he stood in the doorway in the
costume of a chorister, so that he
could be near me on the stage. II
there was a trace of anxiety left, that
The muffled sound of the orches?
tra was rising. Somewhere a call
boy cried my name and Mr. Conrled
led me into the wings. I heard my
entrance cue. "Watch the conduc?
tor," he whispered. Next moment 1
was on the stage. Faces everywhere
and reaching to high heaven?thai
was the moments impression of my
first Metropolitan audience.
A wave of welcoming applause
that swept the house was kindl>
meant, but disconcerting. It caused
me to lose track of the orchestra
But the conductor's eye was on me.
In a moment I caught his nod and
was singing. The faces grew blurred
and distant. A consciousness of the
audience as many in one came over
me. T found myself singing to that
one I had so wanted to sing to it,
dreamed of it.
My dream had come true, and 1
sang with Joy in my heart?a Joy
that overflowed when I stood dazed
and spell-bound by the volley of ap?
plause and cheers. "Famose!" boom?
ed the voice of Mr. Conried behind
me, and I drank life's ?'veetest draft
from the cup of success. The end
of the night was like the beginning.
I remember it only dimly. But the
three weeks of preparation, I shall
never forget them.
Oscar Sr.dnger always said I would
sing in opera. But he insisted Just
as firmly that the right opportunity
would not come until I was perfect?
ly ready. It took me seven years to
learn that lesson, and I advise every
young one to take It to heart.
?If you are suffering from bilious?
ness, constipation, Indigestion, chronic
headache, Invest one cent In a postal
eard, send to Chamberlain Medicine
Co., Des Molnes, Iowa, with your
name and address plainly on the
back, and they will forward you a
free sample of Chamberlain's Stom?
ach and Liver Tablets. Sold by W. W.
BIG INSURANCE PROFITS.
The Heads of Insurance Companies
Await 1909 Totals Anxiously?
They Look for Big Profits as Peo?
ple Have Forgotten the Insurance
New York, Dec. 22.?What will the
1909 totals of insurance be1* This
question, which is keeping heads of
old line companies in the Ejst on
the tenterhooks right now, is their
v-rsion of the "what shall the har?
vest be" brought up to date by Wall
street standards. It has in it the
makings of a more widespread inter?
est but not everybody knows it. The
insurance totals of 1909 will gauge
prosperity but also gauge the pub?
lic's memory concerning certain par?
tial disclosures regarding its own ex?
ploitation as "risks" e*n masse.
Whether the expected jump in
revenues of the old line life and cas?
ualty companies has taken place per
schedule in spite of certain changing
conditions in the insurance field will
soon be known. Last year January
reports showed totals which indicat?
ed subsiding indignation and return?
ing prosperity?both of which meant
big dividends for 1909. There was
then in force life insurance in New
York State alone that totaled $1,
653,311,894, in Illinois 3813,954,120,
in Kansas 3129,682,691 and in South
Dakota 386,268,878 exclusive of fra?
ternal insurance. In the "casualty"
field, which nowadays covered two
score new and ingenious underwrit?
ing plans, the last January 1 reports
showed some stupendous figures, for
the premiums alone in Massachusetts
were over 39,160,000, Jn Illinois 35,
838.990 and New York 317,232,310 of
which tho losses required on an av?
erage about 38 per cent The 49
"casualty" companies even in 1908
made a gain, their surplus earned
above dividends being 310,234,972.
And the dividends were something
ornamental, as nearly everybody con?
tributed somewhat down the list of
The size of the increase of reve?
nues and profits is what the captains
of the "regular " casulty concerns
are awaiting, not doubting there was
an increase as in every year since it
was begun. Also they are bothered
by an experiment in co-operative in?
surance in Chicago which has mr.de
revelation* regarding the profits
made Jn their field. The older fra?
ternal and mutual forms they had
competed with and still prospereJ,
by charging high rates, but the Chic?
ago project has let everybody into
the game of exploiting themsrf~i*W
aad v*v*iir ?rioTi^ p.??<1 bt^s fair to
succeed because the big profits arc in
the investments of large sums and
not in the underwriting. Cutting the
underwriting rates to cost by mu
tuals has not pleased the insurance
captain, but giving the public a share
of the investment profits "is differ?
ent,"' and far more serious to them,
the public benefitting.
The life insurance totals increase!
in 1908 over 1907 ciuite sharply espe?
cially in the agricultural States like
South Dakota and Kansas where
good crops have been the rule during
recent years. In South Dakota, the
insurance in force jumped from $35,?
904,949 to over $86,000,000 and in
Kansas the gain was a larger percen?
tage of gain than was achieved In
eastern States, although the gain in
New York was about $65,000,000 and
in Massachusetts about $42,000,000.
This rule held true in Minnesota also,
the gain being from $187,597,530 In
1907 to $196,612,682 in 1908. Illinois
increased its insurance in force near?
Canada's heavyweight citizen was
buried at Quoyon, Quebec, Wednes?
day, when in a special designed cof?
fin J. J. Muldoon, a farmer, aged fif?
ty-five, of Muldoon. Pontiac county,
nerr Ottawa, was interred. Muldoon
weighed 461 1-2 pounds.
J. W. Swartz, a saddler of Dan?
ville, has completed a coonskin robe
for Charles K. Beyer, of West Hem?
lock township, Montour county,
which is a marvel. The robe con?
tained twenty pelts, each one with a
tall of the coon still attached. The
robe is steel gray in color and is
most exquisitely wrought while the
dangling tails add much to the ef?
Will cure a cough or cold no
matter how severe and prevent
pneumonia and consumption.
This is to certify that all
druggists are authorized to re?
fund your money if Foley's
Honey and Tar fails to cure
your cough or cold. Contains
no opiates. The genuine is in a
yellow package. KFV&E SeWlTlTO
SIEBERTS DRUG STORE.
WOMAN WHO WAS GREATER
Although Unknown to Fame In
America Her Ideas Influence the
There is hardly anybody, outside
the active tempreance ranks, who
knows who Mary H. Hunt was,
writes Minnie J. Reynolds in The De?
lineator for January.
Mrs. Hunt accomplished a peculiar
work. She altered the system of
public education in the United
Slates and whoever does this alters
tc a certain extent the whole racial
type. From 1879 to her death in
11)06 Mrs. Hunt made her home at
Dorchester, Mass., a headquarters of
scientific temperance instruction and
information. With trained assistants
she gathered and catalogued data of
scientific temperance research all ov?
er tne world. She had prepared and
published a series of textbooks, suit?
ed to different grades, teaching the
effects of alcohol uopn the human
system. Year after year Mrs. Hunt
went up ap.d down the country ask?
ing legislatures to pass laws requir?
ing scientific temperance Instruction
in schools. One by one the enact?
ments were secured, until in 1901
this instruction became compulsory
in every State and Territory, and in
every school under Federal control.
Then the world began to come to
Mrs. Hunt for instruction. Her sys?
tem spread to Great Britain, Ger?
many, Sweden, France, Finland, Bel?
gium, Switzerland, Hungary, Rou
mania, Canada, Mexico, Iceland,
Australia, New Zealand, South Afri?
ca and mission schools in Burma,
China and India.
Much has been said of late about
making America a "world power" by
means of a great fleet. This one
American woman. Mary Hunt, did
more to affect the civilization of the
world than all the fleets that Amer?
ica ever built. When a Prussian
minister of education had her course
of study translated for the use of
Prussian teachers, when fifteen thou?
sand British physicians petitioned
Parliament to adopt her system for
British schools, Mrs. Hint's own
country began to sit up ar.d take no?
Washington, Dec. 21.?Both houses
I of Congress adjourned today until
January 4. In the Sens.te Important
initial step* Were taken towards a
coweressional investigation of the
Rorig existing*, controversy between
Secretary Baliinger ?*w3 "Chi??? v^ra*
A resolution by Senator Flint, call?
ing for all of the papers bearing up?
on the case, was adopted. Senator
Jones read to the Senate a letter
from Secretary Ballinger, practically
demanding an inquiry, which he said
he courted, and also expressing the
belief that the investigation should
be broad enough to cover the "per?
nicious activity of officials" in the
forestry service as well as the alleged
basis for any charges against the ad?
ministration of the interior depart?
Mrs. Mary Hanna, the third rich?
est woman in Cincinnati, died at her
home there. As the widow of Henry
Hanna she was left a fortune of
$7,000,000. Mrs. Hanna was ninety
one years old. One daughter In?
herits the estate.
procured and defenDID JJSJSSH
drawing or photo, for expert mutvh and Tree report
Kree ?Jvioe. how to obtain patetta trade mark*,
copyright*,etc., ( kj ail countries.
Business direr/ with Washington saves RSB*>|
money and often the patent.
Patent and Infringement Prsctics Exclusively.
Write or coma to us at
623 Ninth Strwt. ?pp. ?nlte* States Patent 0?c?,|
washington, d. c.
notice, wiMioi-tctiHrse, Itt' h?
A handKomelT ITImttrntM weekly. frtsestjR*
S3 SCT'S?'? ?S?
M?NK & Co.3816-'-'- New York
flllj.lt MohM F PL Wurtiomou. I).C