Newspaper Page Text
rann anb Santbron.
tnantlay and Saturday
afoMTgR, 8. a
er anwutn---ln advsnee?.
It first Insertion.$1.0?
. i for three menths. <
tft made mt HdlHd rntes.
wleattone watch tub
It ffcterettt wtU bt tharged/J
and tributes *t reepe/UJ
rait t% n
\?vore Ktw Sag
of the Mlddlrl
tuppv ilmt^Tilf ht?
tare, la trail* or tta-j
to soften tat general
death at eccurreG.
jttr incident* today ad
w laature* Meer Boston,
crspt into fcueee Itft *
wife sad a ehlld dead In
it tway. Centra.
York by a wave
or law through
to utt tht faml
paralysed" or "erip
ratift art almost lm
where heroic mee
adopted to dean
automobile waa rendered
JHttaa?r Thurms n, go
) Jette? ?etat, of
plunged tnto the Icy
every city of conee-3
the storm reached* re
or deaths due to ex
Sngtand was hardest hit Sat
d Sunday, apparently recelv
full feroe of the storm which
York city has Its tremendous
street cleaning on Its hands,
her eerlous problem of treng
?taiaVi Weekly Statement,
ew Orleans. Dec. 28.?Secretary
ear's weakly cotton statement, Is
l December 27. shows for the 24
? of December a decrease under
year of 882.000.?a decrease under
tame period of year before last
tr the 116 days of the season that
? elapsed the aggregate Is be
t the same days of last year 1,
ftt; ahead of the same days year
>re last ?ei.oeo.
as amount brought Into sight
ng the past week has been
1 balea against 617.274 for the
days last year, 474.679 year
.ttovem^nt since September 1
ft tecelpts In all XJnltefl States
4 4.tOO.2U against 6.007,29?) lust
?#"6.^69.220 year before last.
t4aland across the Mississippi.
> and Potomac rivers to Northern
? and Canada 410.526 against
et.> last year; Interior stockt In
at of thos?? held at the close of
tpmmercial year 674,061 against
last year; Southern mllW
990.000 against 884,430 laut
make the total movement
115 days of the season from
?f* 1 t>? date 6.846,798 against
*xi> ttH for the week have
H.H7 sgslnat 361.408 last
iking the total thus far f ?r
m 3.348.831 sgalnst 4.924,
tot.i i takings of American
rarth. s*?uth and Canada, thus
n have been 1,911 -
ln*t 2.279.991 ]&ht year,
at the aeeboard and the
South- tu interior ? it <
rStttd during the week 45.
des against an Increase during
(responding period last season
idlng stocks left over at ports
lnt< rlor town from th? last crop
? h? number of lml. | trttlght In
ght ihn* far from the new crop,
?upply to date Is 7,117,114 gain-t
!.722 fog the samt period* last
med April, 18ft0. * *B* Just aiv
1. . SUM
FORMER PRESIDENT *>1 NICAR?
AGUA ClUTICI S AMERICAN
Blames It on Vier Consul?Declare*
American Official at Mauagua Has
Misrepresented Affairs and Led f>
Knot's Hssty Action.
/allna Crux, Mexico, Dec. 27.?De
flaring that the attitude of Secretary*
^Knox toward him could not fail to be
disapproved by all falr-mindtd peo
i pie, and that he believed the secre?
tary^ Judgment was warped by false
reports of conditions in Nicaragua,
made by the American vice consui
at Managua, Former President Jose
Santo* 2fe!ay?i endeavored In an In
rlj(^fewi today to Justify his treat
onont of tho Americans, Cannon and
Grace, as an act which any one In
his position would hsve committed.
Zelaya debarked from the Mexican
gunboat Guerrera this afternoon and
left tonhnhl for Mexico City in a pri?
vate car attached to the regular pas
eengar train due in that city on Wed?
"I am going to Mexico City to re?
main for six months," he said. "If
the climate agrees with me, I will
send or go for my family. It it does
net agree with me*I will go to some
place In Europe. I am going to Mex?
ico City to thank President Dlas and
the Mexican officials for their kind?
ness to me."
Tho Onorrero with Zelaya and his
party on beard, arrived outside the
harbor last night where the boat lay
until this morning. At a little past 8
o'clock It steamed to the dock and
Zelaya appeared on deck to wave a
.greeting to a crowd of townspeople
which had gathered. He was accom?
panied on his trip by Louis A. Cou?
sin, his former secretary of war,
Robert C. Bowe, hie secretary and
former jefe politico, and several
1 %o a representative of the Associa?
tion fwootv whowtj he received this af
Grace and Secretary Knox's note.
"Cannon and Grace," Zelaya de?
clared, "were engaged by the con?
servative party and were brought from
Guatemala by that party, which was
working hand-in-hand with Cabrera.
As they never had any ground for
accusing me of any lnfrlngment of
the treaty adopted by the Central
American republics, they attempted
to create a cause and began trying to
Instigate a mutiny and armed rebel?
lion, In order to forco the United
States government to Intervene.
"As regards Cannon and Groce, no
one else In my position would have
acted other than as I did. Neither
of these men had any property In
Nicaragua. Americans and other for?
eigners holding property In Nicara?
gua enjoyed protection at my hands
the same as native born citizens, and
they had the advantage of not hav?
ing to pay direct taxes.
"I think that Secretary Knox tDok
harsh action agalrst me. I believe
his object was that I resign. That I
have done. I am now only a private
citizen and such I shall remain. It
Is my Intention not to enter politics
again. The report that I had taken
command of the government forces
was absolutely false. I have not, and
never intended to do so."
Zelaya attributed much of his woe
to Harry Caldera, the American vice
consul at Managua. Of this he wild:
Caldera a Partisan.
"The United States government was
grossly misinformed through this man
about conditions In my country. The
vice consul is a member of the con?
servative party and an ardent de?
fender of that party s views. With
the object of overthrowing my gov?
ernment, he made f>Use reports to
Washington, which I firmly believe
had much to do with the note of
Secretary Knox. I huve no d< oh!
those reports led him to adopt the at?
titude he did towards me."
loarlng the afternoon Zelaya Wal
nailed upon by several Mexican "fll
clals her?-, among WtiOUl was .loan
I .Ising, collector <>f the port, who
ri d iho former prealdnl with
we v Of ; i: "i receiv i you like i
ZHaya <abl he had had a good voy
;>ut th.it he was fe.'iiug badly
and had n slight hrafc He did n< I aP
!>? r 111 at en ?? or ? x? Ited and during
the gftrnoop sat for p. photograph on
He left Managua accompanied by
Minister Carlbljal of Hexloo, who es?
corted him aboard Iho Guerrero,
"l was at perfect liberty at all
times and was not Interrupted," he
?all, "i boarded the Guerrero in
broad daylight ?>n the afternoon of
I Fear not^Let all the ends Thou Aim
TER, s. a, SATTJRI
MARINES HELPED ESTRADi.!
ZELAYA SWS 20 \YKHK KILLED
IIV HIS FjOKCES. j
' k; \ Not Competent Judge*?Titular
President of Nicaragua Questions
Secretary's Right t<> Pass on Ills
Mexico City, Dec. 29.?"Mr. Knox
Is not my Judge. I am answerable
only to my government for my ac?
In these words Jose Sar\tos Zelaya.
who arrived here this morning from
Sallna Cruz, replied to a querry to?
night as to what att.tude he wouid
assume should Secretary Knox seek
to extradite him from this country.
Zelaya refused to discuss the proba?
bility of such a situation but strong?
ly intimated that the secretary of
state Would not have the right to re?
quest his presence in the United
"I have no feeling against the
American people at large, nor to the
government," he said. "Secretary
Knox has been systematically mis
Informed and public opinion In the
United States has been prepared
against me, but the real facts must
become known in time, and It Is to
that time that I trust my vindica?
"My relations with the preceding
administration were exceedingly
friendly. The situation contains
many unfortunate conditions both
for our own pebple in Central Araer*
lea and the Americans. Secretary
Root had the complete confidence of
Central America, and his policies
were drawing the people closer to?
gether, politically and commercially.
I am afraid that the attitude of Sec?
retary Knox Is undoing all that work
throughout Latin America."
Zelaya made the assertion that
American marines engaged in sever?
al recent battles In Nicaragua and
that 20 of them were killed. He
"Do you know that there were 400
Americans fighting with the inaur
grnta>!U the recent battle of Rama?
mi ? ytftf k no^iimi-*nx rxW' DUtfle ot
Colorado Junction, on November 1,
the bodies of 20 American marines
were picked up on the field by our
forces?all dead, and all from the
American gunboats anchored In the
river to protect American Interests?
The official explanation given me
was that these men were deserters."
Zelaya tonight said he would not
make any attempt to regain power
in his country, but might return if
he was asked by his government
when peace was restored.
That Zelaya is at liberty to
return to Nicaragua when he
pleases was the Information given
out at the foreign office today.
Sub-Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Gamboa declared that it was only
tacitly agreed that Zelaya was to re?
main out If Nicaragua, but that so
far as Mexico was concerned no at?
tempt would be made to control his
ICE PACK IN OHIO RIVER.
Stream Freeze* and Great Piles of
Ice Stack Up Against Piers of
Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 28.?With tons
upon tons of ice piled high against
the pics of bridges spanning the
Ohio River here and at points below
Plitsburg, river traffic has been en?
tirely abandoned and river men are
preparing to cope with one of the
worst Ice packs ever experienced in
the local harbor.
An estimated 10,000,000 bushels of
coal has been diverted from Its usual
river transportation to Southern
points and cars are being asked for
from oil railroads by local operators
who realize that It may he weeks be?
fore the packet owners can again
take Up the work of transporting
Uta coal fleets down the Ohio.
At Ptttsburg river navigation ceas?
ed Christmas day.,
At Wheeling, W. Va., river men re?
port danger to craft In that harbor.
Precautions' have been taken to avoid
lot; of property along the water front
where many packets and empty coal
fleeU He tied up.
Prom Wheeling to New Marti ns
ville, w. Ya., h distance of ?> miles,
a solid sheet of Ice marks the course
of the Ohio river, Weather condi?
tions at all points do not indicate any
rked change In the weather and it
la the prediction Of river men that the
preeeni sever.' copdltlom win prevail
for at least a week if not for weeks,
the 14th. The Dngllsh mildster at
Managua offered me conveyance upon
the sloop Shearwater, then at an?
chor at COlintO, to any country I
wnnted to g0( but I preferred to come
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's on
)AY. JANUARY 1. 15
SUNDAY'S TERRIBLE STORNI.
PORTION OF NEW ENGLAND
'1?.|| of the Sea Especially Hcuy
About Cape Cod.?Telegraph and
Telephone Lines Destroyed?Towns
Without Trains For Two Days?
Eighteen Dead In and About New
New York* Dec. 2S.?With the
news of the probable loss of the big
five masted schooner Davis Palmer
with her crew of 12 men, off Boston
harbor and of the wrecking of nine
other vessels along the Massachusetts
coast, the opening chapter of the
toll taken on the sea by the great
storm which swept New England
Saturday night and Sunday was bared
to the world today. Cape Cod is
still cut off and, with the restoration
of communication there, It Is feared
that a tale of marine disasters and
storm damage unequaled In years will
Wreckage borne Into Boston har?
bor today Is believed to be the mute
evidence of the loss of the Schoch?
er Davis Palmer, Newport News f^r
Boston, somewhere near the entrance
to the harbor. A signal box among
the wreckage contained a burgee with
the Palmers name as also did a quar?
ter board found nearby. The wreck
Itself has not been located.
The three masted schooner Nan
tasket was hurled ashore at Scitu
ate and probably will prove a total
wreck. Volunteer life savers with
the breeches buoy rescued ? her crew
of ten men. With a cargo of lumber
she was bound for Boston from
The schooner Belle Halllday' Is
ashore at Brant Point, Xantucket
exposed to the fury of the sea. The
fate of her crew is unknown, but It
Is believed that they have been res?
cued. She Was from Philadelphia
loaded with railroad Iron.
On the rocky shores of Martha's
Vineyard, two waterlogged schoon?
ers are being swept by every sea.
*neitLe fwiy A. *R. -McLean, a- rtHV
tlsh vessel, bound from Perth Am
boy to Halifax, and the Ston'.ngton,
Maine, schooner, Maude Seward,
Port Reading for Provincetown. The
crews of both have been taken off.
At Princetown the sloop Bonila
Is aground and In the ilats of Ply?
mouth harbor are four small schoon?
ers similarly distressed.
Southeastern Massachusetts, Capo
Cod's Sandy Peninsula particularly,
and Rhode Island suffered most from
the storm and are still in the moit
demoralized condition ati far as wire
and transportation service go. Many
places in southeastern Massachu?
setts have not witnessed the arrival
of a railroad train for two days.
New Bedford and Fall River havo
been cut off from telegraphic com?
munication with the outside world
since Sunday morning.
Eighteen persons in and near New
York perished in the Christmas bliz?
zard or died from accidents caused
by It. Six of this number died from
exposure. Others were drowned and
several were killed by trains.
Wire communication, which was
badly Interrupted during the worst of
the blow, was given fairly good today
except to New Engiand points. The
Western Union had a few wires
working to Boston but the Por.tal
wires to that city were all down.
The storm's effects were severely
felt by the poorer classes of the pop?
ulation. Blockades on railroads cre?
ated a shortage of food supplies and
a consequent Increase In prices.
Boston, Mass., Dec. 28.?The dis?
covery today of the wreck of the five
masted schooner Davis Palme**,
which sank with 12 men Sunday
morning at the enrtance if Broad
sound, was followed by the report of
another wreck in the outer harbor.
This second vlatim of the Rreat storm
Which swept New England Saturday
and Sunday was reported by ('apt.
Komp of the tug Arial, who ass< its
that he saw three masts of a schoon?
er projecting above thS water near
the shoals known as "the Graves."
Although Capt, Kemp locates the
vessel three miles east of the wreck
of the Palmer, some marine author?
ities think that he may have been
mistaken In his boarings :n;.i that he
saw the Palmer's masts,
Beafaring men who believe that
the tue boal captain is not in error
about ins bearing! :n*<- discussing the
possibility of a colllsslon between the
Palmer and the unknown schooner.
Probably the last person to sr.- the
Palmer before she sank was (,a>>t.
Sookamp ?>c the barge Hopatcong
which docked at Lynn today from
Jioboken. lie reported passing the
Palmer off Cape Cos" late Christmas
ye if Seri
HOOK WORM D1SG?SSI0H
FEDERAL MEDICAL SPECIALIST
SPEAKS AT BOSTON.
Claims it is an Vnnatural Biological
Condition to Have Two (lonely Al?
lied Socles of Animals Living
Side by Side In Same Area, a Con?
dition Found in South?Is Unable
to Condemn Southern Mill Condi?
Boston, Dec. 28.?"It is an unnatur?
al .biological condition to have two
closeiy allied species of animals liv?
ing side .by side in the same area,'
said Dr. Charles W. Stiles, of the
United States public health and mar?
ine hospital service, in an address on
the hook worm problem before the
American Society for the Advance?
ment of Science tonight.
"The white man has brought dis?
eases from Europe, which are deadly
to the blacks, and the negro has
brought certain diseases from Africa
which are spreading with serious re?
sults to the whites," added Dr.
He thought that the new move?
ment towards more modern sanita?
tion in the South would in time over?
come the handicap resulting from
alienating races living side by side.
More than thirty division meetings
marked the second day of the Con?
vention of scientists, and large gath?
erings listened to addresses on prob?
lems of great scientific and industrial
interest. The address by Dr. Smiles
was one of the most important.
Dr. Stiles spoke on the hock
worm disease, of which he has made
some extensive study. He declared
that in the United States a law of
nature was bsing violated when an
effort was made to lodge different
races of man side by side in the
same area. Dr. Stiles said in part:
"It is an unnatural biological con?
dition to have two closely allied spe?
cie? of animals living side by side
in the same area. In this country' we
have four races of animal viz: the
white, the red, theritellow and the
blavk man^nreaklsjc n5rui*e'g- Ylrw?
by trying to live together. T;he com?
petition of the individuals Is inten?
sified by being extended to a compe?
tition between the races, and we must
in the end, submit to the workings of
the law of the survival of the fittest.
Different races may have different
diseases, and after long generations
of Infection a restive immunity may
be developed, in a given race through
the survival of the fittest individuals.
This partial immunity to the serious
effects of a disease does not imply
immunity from infeotlon. On the
contrary chat very Immunity may
tend to make the partially immune
race a reservoir for infection and
that Infection when transmitted to
a more susceptible race will, upon
reaching such virgin soil, be very
"The white race has brought to
the South certain diseases from North
Europe. These have spread with
deadly effects to the blacks. The ne?
groes have brought to the South cer?
tain tropical diseases which have
spread to the whites with serious re?
sults. These conditions are not In
any way blamable to the South as a
portion of the country, but upon the
fact that in the United States we are
violating a law of nature when we at?
tempt to lodge different races of men
side by side In the same area.
"It Is not an exaggeration to say
that the negro in the South lives un?
der a handicap because of the pres?
ence of the white man s disease, and
because of the presence of African
diseases the white man there is aiso
living under a handicap. Sanitary
science, if backed by intelligent, prac?
tical application and authority, can
overcome that handicap. Theory de?
mands that In rural negro localities
afternoon. At that time the Palm?
er's sailors were on deck singing and
celebrating the holiday In sea fash?
ion, all unknowing ?.f the fate that
awaited them within a few hours at
the entrance to their home port.
Yesterday*! roll of wrecks was In
eropsod today. "lie schooner Ada
k. Damon, the sole support of her
aged master, Capt, a. k. Brewster oi
York, Mo., went ashore near [pawich.
She will probably he a total I OSS.
Her crew managed to ranch shore
In Chaisen? where a tidal wave
broke a dyke and BOOdad the
homes of '2.000 people, a high tide
today opened two new breaks.
Many of the cellars on higher
ground wnich had been /pumped out
by luv engines were again flooded, it
win be weeks before the people In the
eight acres Which are under water
every high tide Will he able to return
to their homes.
: SOTJTHKO.V, KMaMMted June, MM
es?Vol. XXX. No. 37.
AWAITING TRIAL SUICIDES.
JOE GARRIS, ACCl'SKR OF MIU
DKIt COMMITS SVICHH:
Brooding Over His Trouble??Pulls
Pistol and Send* Ball Into Ills
Heud After Alighting From a
Walterboro, Dec. 29.?Joe Garris,
a young white man 23 years old who
was out on bond, charged with mur?
der, committed suicide at the home
of his uncle, Joe. T. Qarris, near
Williams, in the upper part of the
It will be recalled that young Gar?
ris and two other yo.tng white men
were charged with killing Israel
Manigault, a negro, at Colleton Cy?
press company's mill, October 27,
and were to have been tried for this
killing in November, but the case
was continued by the solicitor. Tt
is possible that he was brooding over
this affair and that his mind became
The shooting occurred about 8 j
o'clock at the front gate of J. T.
GarHs, and the report given your
correspondent by Heber Padgett,
who was at. Mr. Garris' home at the
time, throws no light on the cause cf
I the tragedy. It appeals that (Mr.
Garris, In company with Geo. Bran
non, had driven from Williams, a
j short distance away, to go by Mr.
Garris' for the ostensible purpose of
seeing his son, who was a cousin of
young Garris. When they reached
the gate, Mr. Brannon says, he got
ou: en one side and went to hitch
tbe horse, while Mr. Garrii alighted
on the other. Almost immediately
he saw Garris pull, as he thought^,
a handkerchief out of his pocket and
carry it to* hts mouth. Instantly
there was a report and young Garris
fell. Brannon called to the elder
Mr. Harris to come out, tiat young
Toe Garyls* had killed hin*, self. Mr..
Padgett rushed out to the gate, bog
found young Garris hreaihlng Jhtg/v
last. He went for Dr. F !ne?W-^n<>
found that the ht\1\ynfi^ entered the
In brain, ' producing- almost instait
Garris had evidently placed the
pistol in his mouth and fired.
No reason ckn be given for this
suicide and no one suspected that
the young man Intended to do In
Jury to himself. The only remark
he made that was calculated to
arouse suspicion was to his sister
just before leaving home. She was
brushing his qoat and he said to her,
"It is no use ro brush my coat; I will
not need it after today."
The affair is regretted as the
young man belongs to a large and
highly respectable family.?The
It is evident that Commander
Peary had authority for his swift and
emphatic denunciation of Dr. Cook.
The opinion will prevail, neverthe?
less, that he couid have afforded to
wait.?New York Tribune.
with anything less than good sani?
tation we must find an extensive an?
aemia among the whites, and prac?
tical experience bears out this theory
among the tenant whites of the
"It is not only foolish, but cow?
ardly to attempt to deny the existing
conditions and pay for a faise sense
of local pride at the price of the lives
of women and children. Fortunate*
ly, the better class of thought in the
South is facing facts and organizing
for an extensive campaign to im?
prove sanitary conditions. And wren
the South shall win Its noble fight
against diseases the victory will be
great and fully repay the efforts spent
upon it." *
Dr. Stiles, speaking upon child la?
bor in the South, took a position
whith some of his hoorofs might
have judged radical. He said:
"I have never defended child la?
bor as an abstract proposition, but
when I compare child labor and
child misery upon the soil-polluted
ono-horse farm with child labor un?
der the vastly IWDTOVOd sanitary
conditions In the southern cotton
mins. I : rn forced t> the conclusion
that the latter is infinit My hotter
than the former, and if it came to a
choice between the two for my yonug
daughter, now 10 years old, my duty
WOtttd compel me to choose for her
a life in the spinning room of the
average cotton mill of the South,
whleh I have visited, in preference
to a life of toil and misery on the
average insanitary tenant farm 1
"I am triable to Join in the whole?
sale condemnation of the South's
cotton miils, for 1 recognize in them
the best friends the tenant whites Of
the South have."