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#ATHXHI HAKES APPOINTMENTS.
Haw York. Jsnuary I.?Mayor
Bajwaui gave out tonight, through
Mo' secretary. Robert Adamson, his
Bot af appointments, so far as he
data keen able to make them, and
am account of his relations with
fQfcarlos P. Murphy, leader of Tarn
Hall. Some of the latter Col
~l foe! that there Is one great act
which I should do. I was
without even a suggestion
made as to what I should do
Since election, Charles F.
called on me three times
tiara asking me to appoint the
to be found. His sugges
wore few; he urged nothing,
kept saying to me that the re?
alty was solely with me.
fear there are a good many
>lc la this town who do not know
loo F. Murphy. Some of them
to .think he has horns and
jhoofa. I can only say of him what
He fully realises that
1 organisation cannot sur?
ges grow brooder on patronage
without political ideas and vir
must shrivel up and die of
dry rot. I would advise
womaen and clergymen
to ? me about
F. Murphy and what they
the white slave traffic to go up
say a kind word to him. They
[oat of the mayor's appointees are
lyncVia-the-wool .Democrats, and the
statempnt Is csreful In giving their
MSographtes. not only to mention
that sre married but also to
Ify'that they have children. The
may >r himself has seven children.
I Among the appointments are:
' Rhinslander Waldo, fire commis?
To Herman Rlddsr, proprietor of
the Staats Zettung. Is offered the
'office of park commissioner for the
boroughs of Manhattan and Rich
Corporation counsel, salary III.
010. Archibald R. Walson, Democrat.
The seven tax commissioners, the
statement concludes, "will be ap?
pointed In a day or two. The ap?
pointees will be all high-class men,
who will banish graft and favorit?
ism from the department.
"The police, street cleaning and
health departments are to be dealt
with hereafter. It Is not believed
that any of the Incumhants will be
retained permanently "
BLOODY SI N DAY IN GOTHAM.
Yesterday Marked hy Number of
Death* by Violence and Accident.
New York. Jsnuary 2.?The day
?g rest ordslned by the Decalogue
was remsrkable here today for the
unusual number of deaths by vio?
lence and accident. The coroner's
offices handled thirty cases, of which
"no was a poss'ble murder, one an
unusual suicide by shooting, one a
death due to a criminal operation,
six were suicides by gas, and three
The man who shot himself ofeose
the marble steps of a life Insurance
jam pony. In Madison square. He
had nit every mark of identification
from his clothing except the name
of a Newark. N. .? , haberdasher on
his collar; but he took pains to write
a courteous note of upnlogy to the
coroner for the trouble he was aboui
In Brooklyn. th*? toll >.f accidental
death anil suicide was particularly
heavy. One girl drank carbolic gel I
and died; a man met a similar death,
through accident; a man was found
dssd in a snow bank; another died
In a hospital after falling uncon?
scious In tho Htrset, and still another
Inflb tod fatal wounds on himself
with a knife. Th-? e nu n committed
suicide by inhaling gas, two women
died likewise, while cases of persons
b- log overcome either accidentally
|or In an attempt to gag their lives
|r ui |g nv.re than half a dosen.
Ished April, i860. <Be Jost mi
! THE MBS YEAR.
, NINETEEN NINE SURPASSED
MOST SANGUINE EXPECTATIONS.
Effect* of 1907 Panic Entirely Over
come and Business In All Lines
Took on New Growth and Strength
?The Outlook for 1910 is Highly
Encouraging and The Only Ele?
ment of Doubt Springs From The
Exceedingly High Prices of Food
The following extracts from the
annual trade review which appeared
In Bradstredts January 1st will be
found extremely Interesting.
Nineteen hundred and nine may be
said In many respects to have equal?
ed and In some directions surpassed
the moot sanguine expectations en?
tertained at its outset. In fact, it
will take rank as a remarkable year
la a decade which has seen great
changes and wonderful progress,
For one thing. It witnessed progress?
es of recuperation and repair, Ini?
tiated in the second half of 1908,
canted to a triumphantly successful
conclusion. Also, while It will prob?
ably not be classed a boom year,
It saw many records of financial and
Industrial achievement exceeded, and
at its close, two years after a world?
wide financial panic, the progress
mac e has been so great that many of
the scars made .by that convulsion
havo been effaced, and the country
seems to have been placed In a
stronger position than It ever before
occupied. Great progress is often
made against great obstacles, and
190!) was not free from unsettling
and disturbing influences. While Its
outset found the business world
cheerful to the point of optimism,
there were some evidences of uneasi?
ness as to the reality of all the im?
provement shown in the year follow?
ing the 1907 panic. Certainly the
tariff revision, then impending, was
not at the outset regarded as a
helpful element There was, In fact,
a good deal of repression evident
early because of tariff, crop and
trade uncertainty, and reduced pub?
lic purchasing power, and later the
remarkable advances of securities
commodities to hitherto unexampled
heights, furnished ground for con?
servatism, which was no doubt bene
hicial In preventing excess apparent*
ly Inseparable from great forward
steps In American trade, finance and
Industry. Withal, however, there
was evidenced an almost lnexhaust*
able capacity for looking on the
bright side of things which made for
fresh triumphs and for a virtual
new birth of aggressiveness In push?
ing enterprises forward toward suc?
The events of the year tended to
confirm early Impressions that the
great collapse of 1907 was a purely
financial affair, not involving any
great weakness In the business and
Industrial structure. Whatever may
be said of the merits of the yar's
tariff revision, there Is no denyin;
that the work was skillfully done
with a minimum of unsettlement to
trade, and with uncertainty as to this
removed In mid-year, the optimism
In the stock markets, the ease of
money, the preparation for and good
results from abundant harvest?, the
steady monthly reduction in business
mortality and failure damago, the
expansion in leading Industrie*, the
boom In that readiest of all ready
money producing trades?building?
and the preparations made to fill ihf
void In the ccnpumlng markets maoe
by two years of repression !n buy?
ing, all roJfcMned to cause a wreat
onward suvge In all lines of trade,
wheh, despite the steadily lnc:oi?ed
cost of all the enters Into Inirjn
censumpt' >.?. resulted in a total trade
turnover which will compare ever
favorably with the best that was wit?
nessed In previous years of abundant
prosperity. That great backlog of
all of the country's interest?agri?
culture?prospered as never before,
not so much In the market of quan?
tity, becase bumper crops were few,
but in the matter of financial returns,
which, indeed, placed the farmers
Of the country In a class by tb m
reives, it is true that the price ad?
bore hardly on tin
rot sinning classes, and there was
shown In the ttttcrancst of public
men and Journals ? disposition to
question the reality of all tb<. gp?
it ?.ein iits thai flowed from hi !>
Some itaonlts of Um Year In Prath
The crops of the year, taken a
a whole, were oboundant though few
of them broke the best records of
111 past. yields Of fOOdo^Ulffl w? r?
large, wheat and oom showing neat
to*record produotloni and yields ol
outs, rb e. sugar, potal ?et and to?
bacco br >Ue ail records, while c >tton
ad Fear not?Let eil the ends Thon Ali
rER. S. C, WEDNES
and hay fell off from the high level
yields of the preceding year. The
high prices ruling, however, placed
the aggregate returns to the farmer
at points never before reached.
! While ease of money no doubt help?
ed toward encouraging speculation In
commodities, the records of prices of
time of heaviest movement showed
demand waiting Qloaety on supply, If
Indeed not actually surpassing It, and
this too In a year when, owing to j
high prices of our foodstuffs, foreign
demand was conspicuously small and
exports fell below those of the three
preceding years. Large Imports pre- ,
vlous to tariff revision were partly, |
no doubt, due to desire to anticipate
this legislation, but the record
breaking arrivals of foreign goods,
not all of them raw materials for
manufacturer, in the late fall, swell?
ing the country's Import trado to un?
precedented totals, indicated an ex?
pansion of consumptive demand sur?
passing all expectations. In the
leading Industries the story was one
of large, In some cases record, ex?
pansion. Iron-ore and copper pro?
duction broke all records, while that
of pig Iron equaled the best, and
building expenditures showed a phe?
nomenal gain over 1908, even sur?
passing 1906. Business failures de?
creased 15.7 per cent, from 1908,
even surpassing 1906. Business fail?
ures decreased 16,7 per cent, from
1908, though exceeding 1907 by
18 per cent., and liabilities were less
than half those of 1908 and only
about 40 per cent, of those of 1907,
while 17 per cent. In excess of 1906.
Bank clearings testified to the ex?
pansion In all lines In a gain of 25
per cent, over 1908 and of 14 per
cent, over 1907, and even exceeded
the record year 1906 by over 3 per
cent. The tide of Immigration,
which turned In 1908, flowerd
strongly toward this country.
Mention has already been made of
the uprush of prices of commodities,
but this record would be Incomplete
without a more detailed reference.
Except for very Blight reactions in
the spring of the year, and indeed
ever s'nee the low point was reached,
following the 1907-08 depression, on
June 1 of the latter year. The index
number on December 1, 1909, was
almost lndentlcal with that touched
on March 1, 1907. In fact, prices
went from their highest to their low?
est of recent years in a year and a
quarter and rallied again to their
, highest in a year and a half. The
level of prices on December 1 this
year was 11 per cent, above that of
the same date In 1908; was as above
j shown, even with the n!orh record of
March 1, 1907; was nearly 20 per
cent, above the high leveel of De?
cember 1, 1902, before the panic of
1903. Much Is made, of course, of
the fact that the rise from the low?
est level of recent years?that of
July 1, 1896?is 60 per cent, ; but It
should not be forgotten that this
level was an abnormal result of a
combination of depressing causes,
and the comparison marks a con?
trast of extreme conditions. If, how?
ever we compare the average of
the entire year 1909 with that for
1908, it will be found that the ad?
vance Is 6.3 per cent., while It Is on?
ly 4.3 per cent, below that of 1907.
If the additional comparison Is made
with the yearly average of all the
years from 1892 to 1908, we find
the present year's level of values to
be 14 per cent, higher, and if the
seventeen years' average level :s
compared with that for December 1,
1909, we find a rise of 22.3 per cent.
Tho SexMirlty Markets.
The year's stock market witnessed
a continuance of the recovery start?
ed in 1908. Throughout 1909 Wall
street showed a tendency to discount
Improved trade and Industry. Polit?
ical factors were less prominent than
in 1908, the new tariff and the cor?
poration tax ceasing to affect senti?
ment before enactment. HeginninK
with a prevalence Of bullishness the
market early assumed a hesltat'm;
tone, and the lowest quotations were
generally in January or February,
poor steel and Iron trade conditions
contributing. With the spring came
more favorable crop prospects and
Increasing railway earnings, induc?
ing buying of rails and matt rial. The
summer saw extraordinary bull man?
ipulation, led by the Union Pacific
roads. August marked the high
point for railway shares the move?
ment in these culminating with tli
illness and death of E, 11. Ilarrhnan.
Autumn brought firmer money on
ac< ount <>f bualneaa and crop-moving
demanda high intereet ratea abroad,
firmness in foreign exheangs and
heavy gold exports. Real stringency
was, however, not shown, and while
high-grade railway storks receded,
many industrials, particularly Uni?
ted 8tat< i Bteel, scored remarkable
advances in the last quarter. Even
opper-mlnlng stockt developed lr
ns't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ar
3D AY. JANUARY 5.
BIG CASES TO BE TRIED.
SEMINOME CHARGES TO BE
PROBED AT COLUMBIA.
Interesting Term of Court Opens To?
day at State Capital?Doubtful
Whether Dispensary "Graft" Cases
Will bo Reached?Five Murder
Cases on the Docket.
Columbia, Jan. 2.?Unusual in?
terest attaches to the term of court
opening hene tomorrow because there
is a probability of several big cases
coming up. Judge Prince will pre?
side. The dispensary "graft" cases
are on the docket, but there is some
doubt about whether they will be
reached at this time. Attorney Gen?
eral Lyon said some time ago that
he would try some of them at this
term and the solicitor of this circuit
intimated that the cases would come
up. but matters that have come up
within the past few days indicate
that very probably the cases will
not come up. If any case is tried, it
will most probably be that against
John Black, in which a mistrial was
ordered at the last session of the
court, when a copy of the local news?
paper was discovered as having
found its way into the jury room.
There has been some discussion as
to whether or not former Jeopardy
could be pleaded in this case. The
law is very plain as to when a
Judge orders a mistrial, but very
probably the point will be raised.
It is stated that two of the "Semt
nole" cases will be tried at this
In one case John Y. Garlington
and J. Stobo Young are the defen?
dants, and the charge is "conspiracy,
breach of trust with fraudulent in?
tentions and larceny." The second
case charges "conspiracy and obtain?
ing money and other property by
false pretence and representations,"
with Jno. Y. Garlington, Jas. Stobo
Young, C. J. Herbert, Orville H.
Hall, C. J. Cooper and B. W Lacy
named as defendants.
Herbert has not yet been brought
back here, and as far as has been
given out there Is no change in the
situation, as to the refusal of the
Governor of Tennessee to honor the
requisition asked for by Governor
Ansel. Herbert can not be brought
here unless the requisition is honor
regular strength, despite continued
adverse, trade conditions. The Stan?
dard Oil decision chilled the bullish?
ness manifested in the late fall. In
activity 1909 compared well with the
preceding year, stock transactions at
the New York Stock Exchange ag?
gregating 210,000,000 shares, against
180,000,000 shares in 1908. The
dealings were as a whole, however,
more professional and manipulative.
The market ends the year with a
bullish undertone, but the high price
levels discount excellent actual and
prospective earnings and dividends,
and income returns are at rather un?
attractive figures. Bonds, which ear?
ly showed unprecedented activity
with a record value of $1,312,000,
000, later in the year showed a
quieting of demand and declining
tendencies, save in purely specula?
A Look Ahead.
Reasons for confidence in an ex?
cellent, If n Jt record, trade in 1910
are many. The agricultural interest
is prosperous as never before In the
country's history, and the first of the
great crops of the year?wheat -en?
ters the winter in excellent condition
on a next-to record area. High prices
for all farm produce would seem to
guarantee enormous plantings of all
crops this year. Spring orders al?
ready received by jobbers and whole?
salers and business booked by man?
ufacturers practically insure the full
i or overtime now being run until next
year's crop and trade outlook takes
more definite form. While it might
be erroneous to expect the record
building expenditures of 1001) to be
exceeded in lftl<?, an active year's
business is looked for. it is g mor?
ally conceded that the railroads will
he free spend* i s for Improvements
In the coming year. Finally, if re?
ports as to holiday and retail buying
are correct, public purchasing pow?
er! despite high prices ruling, seems
to be fairly normal. All these things
indicate activity in q high degree.
Modifying or qualifying these fea?
tures pomewhat is the question of the
effect Lncreasod price levels of com?
modities, and therefore of all costs
of business and Industrial operation,
will have upon general business,
These have already lessened profits
and hid fair to be productive of
much friction In Industrial lines, if
the activity confidently looked for
eventuates, active money market.
id Truth's. '
1910. Sew 8ei
A SUNDAY HOMICIDE.
A Volunteer Law Officer Kills An?
other Negro While Attempting to
Make an Arrest.
As the result of the theft of a tur?
key, Jack Jackson Is now dead, and
John Loney is held in the county jail
charged with murder. The killing
occurred on Sunday afternoon about
1 o'clock on Mr. W. B. Burns' farm
near Shot Pouch Branch, Just out?
side the city limits.
Mary Davis came to Sumter and
complained to the police officers that
Jack Jackson had on Saturday night
stolen a turkey from her and Police?
man Owens was commissioned to
make the arrest. As soon as
Jackson saw him approaching
he took to the tall timbers
and seeing how difficult it
would be to make the arrest, Officer
Owens offered Loney, as was testi?
fied to by Loney at the Coroner'a in?
quest, two dollars to arrest Jackson
and bring him to town. Loney went
to Mr. W. J. Rivers, and told him
of the agreement that he had made
with Officer Owens, and borrowed
a pistol from him to protect himself
with in case Jackson offered him any
bodily harm. When Loney found
Jackson, the turkey thief swore that
he would not be arrested, and drew
a razor, and came so near to injur?
ing Loney as to cut his clothes with
the sharp blade. Loney then pulled
out his pistol, and as Jackson began
to run and with apparent good effect.
Loney fired at him four times, two
of the bullets entering the back of
the fleeing man and penetrating his
body. Either of ths two wounds
would have produced death. Loney
then came to town, reported the kill?
ing to the Chief of Police, and said
that he wanted to give himself up to
the law. He will hE.ve to remain In
jail until next April to stand trir" it
the Court of General Sessions.
OFFICERS KILL BANDITS.
Posse Intercepts* Wauld-be Looters
and Pours in Deadly Bullets at
I far rah. Ok la.
Guthrie, Okla., Dec. 31.?Five men
who intended to rob the bank and
the postoffice at Harrah, Okla., e. r
ly today ran into a party headed by
L'nited States Marshall "Jack" Aber
nathy. As a result two of the ban?
dits are dead, one is in Jah at Guthrie
wounded, and two others are dead In
jail at Oklahoma City as supects.
Frank Quigg of Atchison, Kan.,
son of a wealthy mother, a former
baseball player, was shot dead. Frank
Carpenter, another robber, was mor?
tally wounded and died late today In
jail, and J. C. Dllbeck, a third ban?
dit, was slightly hurt during the
fight with the deputy marshals.
The robbery was well planned, but
Carpenter told some one of the plot
and postoffice inspectors learned of
the affair. Marshal Abernathy was
advised and when the robbers reach?
ed Harrah he was ready for them.
The officers waited until the robbers
began breaking in the rear door of
the bank and then charged. The
robbers ran and the deputies fired,
wounding Carpenter and Dilbeck at
the first volley.
Carpenter in an ante-mortem state?
ment said that "Red" Rogers and
Pearl Wilson were the men that es?
caped. He and his associates had.
he said, recently robbed the Golden,
Col., postoffice of $3,000.
Dilbeck said that Rogers and WII
osn were on top of the bank at the
time of the raid, keeping watch,
and thus escaped the bullets and fled
from town after fight.
Quigg's brother, George, was a
member of Roosevelt's Rough Riders
in the Cuban war and died in the
National Soldiers' home at Leaven
' 'Orth, Kan., a year ago.
It is generally conceded that Dr.
C ok Is no slouch in playing the
game of hide and seek.?Philadel?
Salesday in January brought a
large crowd to town Monday and the
streets wore a busy appearance from
early morning until late afternoon.
and firm rates would seem probable.
Indeed, tin calm in speculation after
earlier activity resulting in new high
record price levels is taken by some
to indicate that the securities mar?
kets have already discounted ranch
of the future. Conservatism and
tact in dealing with the labor situa?
tion and with the politicO-eOOttOmiC
questions which are pressing for so?
lution would seem necessary If what
now looks like a very aieellent trade
outlook is to be fully realized in
*lxx. So. 38,
itlORSE GOES TO PRISON,
MILLIONAIRE ICE KING BEGINS
FIFTEEN YEAR TERM.
The Scape Goat of High Finance
Panic Complains Bitterly of His
Punishment?Says Sentence la Un?
just and His Conviction Was Not
Properly and Legally Secured.
New York, Jan. 2.?With a su?
preme effort to be cheerful but with
emctlon occasionally getting the bet?
ter of him, Charles W. Morse left
New York today to begin serving a
15-year sentence imposed upon him
for violation of the national banking
Before leaving the Tombs, where
he had been confined for the greater
part of the past .year, Morse received
his wife and two sons and then the
newspaper men. He was too affect?
ed to say anything, tut he handed
out a carefully prepared statement
of comment on his case. Morse left
Jersey City on the Birmingham flyer
of the Southern railway at 10.48 a
m., in custody of United States mar?
The party occupied a stateroom.
Morse's statement is bitter and
"I am going to Atlanta to begin
penal servitude unc er the most bru?
tal sentence ever pronounced against
a citizen in a civilized country," is
his opening sentence.
"I have hoped," the statement
continues, "with that hope wl.ich
comes from a consciousness of my
innocence, that I will not have to
close out forever the light and lib?
erty of this world under such an In?
human sentence. I had felt that
the fact that I had paid
a fine of $7,000,000 and served
a year in prison would satisfy the
cry for a victim and I have steadily
hoped that the courts would be
compelled to give me a new trial.
When I learned that the private de?
tectives of the prosecution were to
be the keepers of the jury, and that
the jury drank ? like men upon a
jaunt or a holiday rather than citi?
zens engaged in a serious service,
and that as a result two of them
were rendered unfit, I naturally
hoped that I would be allowed an?
other trial by another jury free of
these hostile influences.
"It seems, however, that the
courts intend to establish the prac?
tices which make rum-drinking a
part of jury service and private de?
tectives as the custodians of a Jury
a permanent institution. By this
sentence and judgment I may be
brought to ruin; but the damage
done to me is not half as important
as the injury to the administration of
justice. I am now up in years and
must with the passing of time pass
also; but the record of my convic?
tion and the way it was brought
about will remain a lasting and dan
genous example of a government
gone mad in search of a victim.
"Whether I shall serve 'my full
sentence I am not able to say, much
depending upon how ihe government
at Washington shall look upon It.
I have great faith that all rlght
thlnklng men and wo nen who knew
of me and my case, and who realize
the Inhumanity of my sentence, will
make known their feelings to the
president. Whatever the future may
hold In store?liberty or imprison?
ment?I shall endeavor to meet In
the same way I have struggled
against the misfortunes of the past
(Signed) 'C. W. Morse."
Morse braced himself for a final
picture at the hands of a crowd of
newspaper photographers. He read
a newspaper after he had boarded
the car. The train is due In At an
ta about noon tomorrow.
ANOTHER POLAR EXPEDITION.
I>r. Cook's Backer to Verify the Ex?
istence of Land That C ook Says
NVw York. Jan. 2.-- John R. Brad?
ley, i>r. Frederick A. Cook's* backer,
has sent a telegram from Atlanta,
(la., in which lie says that he intends
t ? outfit another expedition into tho
Arctic It is believed that he wishes
to verify the existence of Bradley
land, which Dr. Cook reported be
The telegram reads:
'i have written Capt. Sverdmp re*
carding an expedition to explore so*
lar sea north of Crocker land."
Mr. Thorn well Parker. who was
accidentally shot last week while
bird hunting, is steadily Improving
and it has been found that be Will
not lose (he steht of the ey e that WSJ