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WfcDNES':*Y. JANUARY 5, I9l0.
The Su ni. r Watchman was found?
ed Vn 18S0 and the True Southron tn
ll?t. The Watchman and Southron
mow haa the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papera,
and la manifestly the beat advertialng
?medium in Sumter.
AN EXCELLENT PLAN.
The following article from the
Charleeton Poet, deacrlptlve of the
plan adopted by the Charleaton city
council to ascertain the market val
ue of property In that city, aa a
guide for the board of equalization
In making assessments for taxation,
should be read and considered by
every property owner In Sumter.
"In accordance with the rectnt
resolution of City Council, a commis
eion of real estate experts have be?
gun the appraisement of Charleston
real estate, which haa been ao long
needed, and which will now offer a
basis of taxation aa well aa of trans?
actions Juat when Charleston proper?
ty Is so much In demand for Invest"
ment and speculative purposes.
"The work has been started In the
upper portion of the city, and good
progress Is being made by the com?
mission, consisting of T. T. Hyde.
Mel vi n Israel. Allen Legare, T. J.
Price and J. D. Leaemann. It Is ex?
pected that perhaps three to four
months will be required to complete
the wprk, although every effort will
be put forth to finish it as soon ns
"The special appraisement of
property has been undertaking on
the suggestion of Chairman F. Q.
O'Neill, of the committee of ways
and means, and City Assessor Sink
?CA with a view of providing an In?
telligent basla of action to the coun?
ty board of eouallsation for the pur
pee of correcting the glaring Inequal?
ities) In the lax assessments. The ap?
praisement 'vhlch Is now being made
has of course, no direct effect upon
the county board of equalisation un?
der the law. but aa City Council la
repreeented upon the county board,
the chairman of the ways and mean*
committee being ex-offlclo, the chair?
man of the board and aa the county
board welcomee any plan or sugges?
tion which enables the board to bet?
ter perform Its work, it Is certain
that the kindly offices of the City
Council In providing a true and cor?
rect appraisement of real estate by
competent experts, will be appre?
ciated. As a matter of fact. It la un?
derstood that the board haa com?
municated lta dealre to City Council
perform thla very service, for
which It la eapeclally qualified, and
it la hardly poaalble tr at the county
board will refuae to be guided by
the report which will be made
through City Council.
"It Is. of course, to be understood
that the work which the commission
are ifbw engaged upon, and for
which they will receive $500 com?
pensation, la simply and entirely an
appraisement and not an assessment.
The commission has n> authority to
aanes* property, nor haa even City
C< ncll this right for only the board
of equalisation haa the authority to
tlx the aaaesament.
"It ia expected, however, that with
the filing of the report of the com
mlaelon. giving the market value of
every piece of real estate In the city
limit", the hoard wll' then adopt a
system of assessment on a certain
percentage basis, which will take the
place of the arbitrary system of
township assessments, now In effect,
with its glaring Inequalities. The
present system allows favoritism, po?
litical and other considerations to
weigh, but under the proposed .u w
system of first establishing the mar?
ket value of property and then put?
ting on a percentage basis of assess?
ment, new and better plan will be
"Opportunity will be green to the
property owners t , oiler such objec?
tions as they may have to the new
sssessments. which will probably fid
low the appraisement of Charleston
"The new aaprelssount WiU mate?
rially clear the real estate situation
for the buyOf el prop. rt> Hi v. ill
be largely guided by the value which
the commission will place upon the
property, and It will probably re?
dound rn o e ^. neral'y to the seller
to ha\e the new apprabv men* put
lnt<? effect than other* i-e. although
of course. s.?me parties v\ ho rua> be
hoblinK prop.-ty at gsmfOaOOM My
high naures may not take the tie
take too kindly to an appraisement
below the desired upset pine
It Is expected that at |i ist $1..I -
000 Inereuse of prop-rty \alue will
reeult In consequents of the up
pralsement V/Mob WOttld mean an in?
come to the , ity of $2:..ooo tn taxes.
end a propoi tl ?nately I n ner sum.
with a Unter value on real ? -t
As everybody In Sumter knows
full well, there Is no Justice off OqUal"
Ity In the assessment of property In
this city, s in. SfOporty owners are
paying taxes on a 60 pet OOOl valua
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. \N. Dnbbs, Pftatdattl Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Fanners which 1 have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o?<r readers telling of their successes, or failures
will be appreciated and | jblished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual oeneflt to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C. ?
The next meeting of th<j Sumter
County Farmer's Union will be with
Concord Cnlon, on Frida), Jan. 7.
a 11 a. m. President Perrltt has
expressed his Intention of being with
us that day. A full attendance is
requested for we would liKe to take
up the matter of prizes for best
crops grown next year In connection
with the U. S. Farm Demonstration
E. W. Dabbs, President.
Hugh Wltherspoon, Secretary.
Stock Medicine Swindles.
From the Progressive Farmer.
On our desk are three high-class
publications: the world's greatest
live stock journal; the leading dairy
paper In America, and one of the
very best general agricultural papers
published In this country.
The mechanical skill shown In
their make up Is of a high order;
editorially they are bright, clean and
forceful; among their contributors
are numbered the ablest men en?
gaged in agricultural work In the
country; and their advertising pages
attest the extent and excellence of
their circulation, and the confidence
of the buying and selling public.
These three papers sre selected for
the purpose we have in view, be?
cause, while they are leaders, they
are not exceptions; but are typical
of agricultural Journalism in this
country. They also serve our pur?
poses best because they are controll?
ed by men of national reputation.
Moreover, these men not only have
financial control, but they also have
complete editorial control and dic?
tate the policies of their respective
papers Th4 edltor-owner8 of these
papers are just a little Inclined to
assume a "holler than thou" air to?
wards their contemporaries, and that
they would promptly plead guilty to
an indictment of possessing superior
wisdom Is doubted by no reader of
their splendid pages. One of these
venerable lights of American agri?
cultural Journalism la well known
to have a special antipathy to patent
medicines, for man, and the papers
which advertise them. As evidence
of this the following Is taken irom
tlon?and they are the exception?
v\ hlle some conscienceless tax dodg?
ers are grudlngly paying on a 20 per
cent valuation. Under the present
system of assessment and equaliza?
tion it seems to be Impossible to
bring the tax dodgers to book and
obtain a fair, just and reasonable as?
sessment of all property. The Char?
leston plan se?ms to us to be one of
the best and most business like that
has come to our notice, and we re?
spectfully suggest that City Council,
at Its next meeting, adopt the same
plan. A committee of three real es?
tate men would be sutllclent to make
a canvass of the real estate of the
city and fix a market price on each
and every parcel and the work could
be dor.?- within sixty days. The cost
would be inconsiderable in compari?
son with the valUi Of such a report,
and the city would tu sevt ral thOUS*
and dollar! better Off,
The Florence Times states t. fact
in the following forceful and pretty
language, which we endorse.
"Th railroad commission wants
I tie state to provide an Inspector of
rOOdl for that body. An inspee
t rf of railroads Is needed. WC admit,
especially alnce the report of the
OOmmlSSlOn CallS attention to the
fact th.it so many accidents were
due to run down roadways, but If
\\had ?ueh :,n ollleer w e fear that
the commission WOUld OS rather su
perfluoua The members of the com*
mission are expected to be able to
do this Work themselves, and If tln v
are not able to do it they ought not
to ask for the position. The great
truble With the railroad commission
is the same thai we have pointed out
boforOi its members have an ambi?
tion to be a court Instead uf execu?
tive officers of the people. We have
enough courts in the state, we want
more active and energetic work of
one of his recent editorials on "How
to Judge an Agricultural Paper":
"Carefully look at the advertise?
ments. If you find sure cures for can?
cer, rheumatism, etc., remedies to
make fat people lean and lean peo?
ple fat, etc., then it is not worth
while to read any further. Quack
medicines advertise in quack pa?
It is needless to state that none
of these three papers takes adver?
tisements of whiskey or patent med?
With this prefatory statement let
us now turn to the advertising pages
of these three prominent agricul?
tural papers and ascertain if there?
in is a line of advertisements in
keeping with the high moral tone of
their editorial utterances.
In all three of these papers and in'
most other agricultural papers of
the country have appeared within
the present year, large display adver"
tlsements of one of the most flagrant
and gigantic frauds of the day, the
so-called stock food preparations.
These stock foods, medicines, condi?
tion powders, or by whatever name
you may choose to call them, have
been exposed time and again by the
j experiment stations, veterinarians,
and stock men, in every way it Is
possible to expose such a fraud.
Are the editors and owners of
these papers familiar with these
facts? Do they know that these mix?
tures are frauds, and that In adver?
tising then, they are accomplices in
the perpetration of a fraud on the
very persons whom they profess to
des'.re to serve and whom it is their
duty to protect? SuciV? is almost in?
conceivable; but it is equally impos?
sible to think that men of such broad
knowledge along other lines can be
Ignorant of the fact known by thous?
ands that these so-called stock foods
contain no medicinal virtues and
sell for a price as far beyond their
real value, because of the advertis?
ing they give them, as the gold
brick of the confidence man. We can
not, we will not believe that these
pious editor-owners are knowingly
and for a price, a party to this
scheme for swindling their readers,
but If they are not, then they
are ignorant?criminally Ignorant?
which is simply Impossible.
"Quack medicines advertise In
quack papers." In th(r* same issue
of the paper in which this truism 13
editorially proclaimed, we find ad?
vertisements of three remedies guar?
anteed to cure ring-bone and spavin,
two "sure cures" for "heaves" and
One for rheumatism. Some or all
of these patent medicines are also
advertised in the other two of this
trio of leading papers and in prac?
tically all other farm papers. The
editor-owners of these three papers
presume to give veterinary advice
to their readers and then with bra?
zen effrontery advertise, and thereby
tacitly endorse, a remedy claiming
to cure "heaves." We submit that
one who presumes to give advice on
live stock and veterinary matters H
Inexcusably ignorant if he does not
know that by the very nature of the
disease "heaves" is Incurable. These
?O-called cures for rheumatism and
hsaVSS and all these spavin cures are
frauds, pure and simple, and the
merest tyro knows it.
Any paper that claimi that it re?
fuse! an advertisement o| a rheu?
matism cure for man because it
knowa it t<i be a fraud and then ac?
cepts an advertisement of a rheuma"
tlsm cure for the horse, is simply re?
lying on the Ignorance of its readers
to save the esposure of its hypoclsy.
If these papers, and nil others that
refuse advertisement! of patent med
i'-im'H for man und accept them for
live stock. Know that the former are
fraudulent they rIbo know that the
latter are equally fraudulent, if
they refuse the one beoause they are
too jealous Of their leiuh rs' interests
to eater a compact to defraud them.
they would refuse the other f<?r the
same reason. We are, therefore, re?
luotantly driven to the conclusion
that they refuse advertisements of
patent medicines f<?r man because
they know public sentiment has been
developed to a point where they dar
not disregard it, and they take these
equally fraudulent advertisements, of
patent medicines for live stock he
cause as yet public sentiment has
not been educated up to the point
of actually counting the tailing of
a man's money without giving value
therefor, and possibly destroying the
health of his live stock, a'.so, as
great a crime as taking his money
without value and destroying his
If patent medicines for man are
fraudulent and unft for publication
In any paper, then patent medicines
for live stock are equally fraudulent
and equally unfit to appear in such
This is a plain fact which the sim?
plest mind can grasf)?"Quack med?
icines advertise in quack papers.'
A Horse Suffers More From Change
of Climate Than Other Animals?
He Should Be Worked Slightly and
Carefully Looked After the first
From the Progressive Farmer.
A Mississippi correspondent write!
that a hunch of Northern-raised
horses have not done well this sum?
mer since coming South in the
spring. He states that: "They have
been on good Bermuda pasture,
besides getting one feed of corn a
day; but while they have excellent
appetites, they continue to lose flesh.
They worked some this spring, but
have done nothing since the first of
August. I think the trouble comes
from the change of climate."
Those familiar with such matters
have observed that horses suffer
more from what appears to he pure
acclimation than do cattle or pigs
when brought from the North into
this climate. The effects of the ticks
and tick fever which is sometimes
called ''acclimation fever," but is in
no sense such, are not in any way
due directly to the climate. Apart
from these ticks, cattle appear to
suffer little, if any, from the change
of climate. Hogs apparently suffer
none at all. With horses, however,
there seem to be more susceptibility
to the climatic change. This may be,
and no doubt is, increased by the
fact that the horses are almost al?
ways required to do more or less
physical work. In fact, there is some
ground for the often expressed opin?
ion that this work makes all the dif?
ference noticed between the process
of acclimation of horses and other
animals. Most observers, however,
agree that horses suffer more or less
from the climatic change, independ?
ent of the work or treatment they
In the case referred to above, the
feed should be sufficient to maintain
the horses in good condition, provid?
ing the work given prior to August
the first did not produce some dis?
eased condition, particularly some
disturbance of digestion. This seems
the most common complication aris?
ing in the acclimation of Northern
raised horses. They frequently suf?
fer from indigestion, and in such
cases the fact that the appetite re?
mains good is not proof that the ani?
mals are receiving sufficient nour?
Certain general rules may be laid
down for the handling of horses
the first summer after being brought
(1) If horses are brought here
early in the winter, they do better
the next summer than when brought
here late in the spring.
(2) As a general rule, these horses
should be worked very carefully and
moderately the first summer.
(3) They should be fed with more
than usual care also. While they
should be fed liberally, they must
not be overfed. Especially should
they be not over-full when given
exercise. All buy should be given at
night, and then only in moderate
quantities. Since the change of feed
Is complete, care should be taken to
see that it is properly balanced, has
sufficient variety, and easily digested.
(i) In case any animal does not
seem able to stand the work, or do
well on the feed, a change should be
made. Even though it is thought
the animal ought to do the work re?
quired on the feed given, if it does
not do so, a change not a theory, is to
be dealt With, and it is better to
throw the horse out of work or make
sonic ( hange of feed, than to do per?
manent Injury to him.
TWO negro tenant houses, located
in the Red and White section of tie
city were burned Saturday night
about g.30 ..'clock. The houses were
owned by the estate of H. Harby an 1
Were Valued at $160 and $200 each
The firemen had to stretch 1400 feet
of hose to reach the fire, and ha 1
there been any wind blowing ;, g< \?;.
oua fire would have result* d as that
section is closely built up with ten?
cits' Treasurer Hurst reports that
tax collections up to December 3ist
were the largest he has made to the
same date any year since he has b< en
\ SERIOUS ACCIDENT.
Alva Solomons Shot Through Face
COUGHS AND COLDS.
I Took Pe-r.t-na.
A Iva Solomons, the son of Mr-.
Klna Solomons, w:ts seriously hurt
late Saturday afternoon by the ac
f-iuental discharge of a parlor rille.
He was playing with his little cousin.
Harold Moise. and in endeavoring to
unload the rifle, while looking down
the barrel, the trigger was acciden?
tally pulled, sending the ball through
his chin and the base of his tongue,
the ball lodging just beneath the skia
on the back of the neck. Had the
bail gone a fraction of an inch to |
the left, it would have entered the
spinal column and caused almost
instant death. The little fellow was
taken to Dr. Mood's Infirmary and
is now resting comfortably and his
chances of recovery are excellent.
DEATH OF MUS. RICHARDSON.
Widow of a Forpier Governor of the
Mrs. J. P. Richardson, relict of the
late John Peter Richardson, died
at 2:30 this morning at the Columbia
hotel, wh^re she had been making
her home for z. number of years.
The funeral arrangements will be
Mrs. Richardson, was Miss Julia
Manning Richardson before her mar?
riage to her cousin, who served the
State for four years as governor.
She was born in Sumter county on
the 12th of July, 1S36. It is proba?
ble that her remains will be taken
back to Camden to be interred In the
family burying ground by the side of
her distinguished husband.?The
State, Jan. 3.
It is with regret that Clarendon
loses such citizens as Mr. D. C. Shaw,
who has moved to Sumter from Al
colu, we never did think he should
live at Alcolu, and when we heard
that he decided to move to Sumter
it came near breaking our heart. Mr.
Shaw is a good man and he deserves
a better fate than to carry his excel?
lent wife and promising children to
such a place, when Manning Is here
ready to receive him always. Come
back brother before It is too late and
before the wickedness of Sumter
takes a hold.?Manning Times.
Poruna Drug Co., Columbus, Ohio.
Gentlemen:?I can cheerfully recom?
mend Peruna as an effective cure for
c? tieos and cold;.
You are anthorized to use my photo
With testimonial in any publication.
Mrs. Joseph Hall Chase*
804 Tenth St., Washington, D. C.
Could Not Smell Nor Hear.
Mrs. A. L. Wetzel, 3023 Ohio St., Terra
Haute, Ind., writes I
"When I began to take your medicine
I could not smell, nor hear a churefc
tell ring. Now I can both smell and
"When I began your treatment my
head was terrible. I had buzzing and
chirping no ises in my head.
"I followed your advice faithfully and
took Peruna as you told me. Now I
might say I am well.
"I want to go and visit my mother
and see the doctor who 6aid I was not
long for this world. I will tell him It
was Peruna thai cured me,"
People who object to liquid m^ linec
can now secure Peruna tablets.
Man-a-lin an Ideal Laxative.
Ask Your Druggist for a Free Peruna
Almanac for 1910.
FIRE AT WEDGEFIELD.
The Sumter Fruit Co., Christophe"
Gazes, proprietor, has been placed
in the hands of the Sumter Loan
and Trust Company, as receiver. A
statement of assets and liabilities has
not been hade public.
Darns and Stables of Ay cock & Sous
Good sidewalks on* Main street
from Bartlette to Calhoun, will be
a wonderful Improvement, but what
about the street itself. ,
The barns and stables on J. H.
Aycock & Sons' Bnyo Plantation,
near Wedgefleld, were burned about
4 o'clock Monday morning, entailing
a loss exceeding $3,000. The barns
contained a large Quantity of corn,
hay, cotton seed, cotton seed hulls
and farming Implements, etc, and It
was all destroyed, also six mules and
two cows. The origin of the fire has
not been ascertained.
E. C. Haynsworth, Esq., Master in
Equity, Monday sold a number of
parcels of land under order of court.
WE WISH ALL OUR FRIENDS
AND PATRONS A HAPPY AND
PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR AND
TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY OF
THANKING THEM FOR THE LIB?
ERAL PATRONAGE BESTOWED
UPON US DURING THE YEAR
JUST CLOSED. AND IF THERE IS
ANYTHING WE CAM DO THAT
WILL INCREASE THEIR PLEAS?
URE OR BANK ACCOUNT DUR?
ING 11)10 THEY ARE AT LIBERTY
TO ( ALL ON US.
O'Donnell 6 Co