Newspaper Page Text
MAtted Am. ?. 188
f^WaUbniiu nift Autbron.
l^iKM \Ved?*?<)ar ?ml Saturday
bmCI PUBLISHING Cf MPANY
t fUMTBR. 8. a
I Let f*r annum?in ad .ance.
Basan ftrat Insertion.11.00
isjlioeta for throe months, or
will ho made at reduced ratee.
eemmsnleatW>ns which sub
nrtvate latereets will be oharged
ot? si f laeasents,
lee aad tiihutee of respeet*
Than Ever Before In Its His
Jan. 7.?The Florence
dispensary board completed
qoartgrty statement today, show
pro be. Dry larger ealee and greater
than tver before In the his
<rt the dlepensery. The net
Its.?42.?2. Of this, the
win get tl 1.177. the City $1,
|Hf. ?SM school fund $5.788 and Tim
large ealee In the opinion of
us of the hoard wsre due
conditions, the general pros
la this section and the fact
so many of the other dlspen
favre been recently cloeed.
vary few of the better grades
nave boon handled, the
having boon very much deplet
of good*. The board
to provide better
for the future and to ro?
of the Inferior grades.
Nhatli aad Tenth.
who are coming to
toter than Monday
trier to got reduced ratee
?rejlroada. The tickets will bei
ft fatal u horn* ae late as Jaa-I
^aaaR ' I
Conference will be both In?
tal profitable. Tuesday will
's Day. Wednesday Go v. I
win apeak, air Ira Wllliarael
United States Agricultural De-1
Judge AJdrlch. Col. J. A.I
Editor of the Evening Record.
. C. C. Brown of Numter. and other
proamtnent men. white and colored,
wm as oak. Thursday and Friday
LwtO bo devoted to the Interest of thel
RaSal schools Dr. James H. Dlllard.l
as oratory ef the Jeaoe'e fund, will bei
a tan eg the speakers. All meetings I
will be held In the opera house.
l.ttt packages of seed sent by the
Palled States government will be die-1
trgbsted free of charge, among the
[ffatlaera and gardeners. It Is hopedl
that 'very negro farmer and every
other colored man will be present.
All colored people who come to the
otty aad do not know where to stop,
call st 1014 Lady St.
Columbia. H. C. Jan. 7. 1910.
CALLA PROHIBITION' A FAILURE.
Wow Fork Praacber flare It Has
Negroes, Bat Not Whites.
. New York. Jan. ?.?Preaching to*
I night on "The Failure of Prohibi?
tion." the Rev. oscar Haywood gave
his Impressions of prohibition In the
"I saw no signs on a recent tour."
sa'd Dr. Hsywood. "that drunken?
ness Is diminishing, except among
the negroes I did not see a drunk
en negro and but little evidence of|
drinking smong them. I should say
that, under Southern prohibition,
drink*" Is the white mans vice.
"The Isw Is doing what it was In?
tended to do?protecting the negro,
Ibat It le administered bv those who
lelalm the right to violate It."
Dr. Haywood paid tribute to the|
kmottvee behind the prohibition mov
ment In the South. It looked to so?
cial reformation, he said, und was
Igaarked by many (Instance of noble
suhlt?- In Groenvllle.
Oroonvtlle Jsn. 7.?Despondent ov?
er her continual 111 health, Mrs. C.
P. Culclseure. wife of the proprietor
of the Oreenvlll?? Jewelry Company,
committed suicide tonight at her
home on the corner of Main and
"oilege streets by drinking en ounce
M a half of carbolic acid. X >
?n Is given for her rash act other
isn ehe had been brooding over
ker sick ne*s
?hod ApetL lane).
'Be Just am
BI6 REPUBLICAN ROW.
THE TAFT-PIXCHOT Fl'Fl)
' REACHES CHI HIS.
I?re*ldent DUmkMs Chief Forester
For Persisting in Making Cliar*;e-?
of Corruption Against lialllugi*r?
Speaker Cannon's Autocratic Hulc '
In Houho Broken.
Washington, Jan. 7.?Glfford Pln
chot. chief forester and Intimate
friend of Theodore Roosevelt, tonight
was dismissed from the service of the
United States by President Taft for
Insurbordination. Associate Fores
ter Overton YV. Rice and Assistant
Law Officer Alexander C. Shaw, Pin
chot's immediate assistants in the
Forestry Bureau, followed their chief
out of government employ, j
Thoroughly Indignant over the ac-1
tlon of Mr. Pinchot in Inducing Sen?
ator Dolllver to read a letter from I
him in th*? senate yesterday, Pres!-1
dent Taft today would listen to no I
advice that the forester's violation of
executive orders be overlooked pend- I
Ing the Inquiry soon to be undertak- I
en by congress. Ho declared the dig-1
titty of the office he has been chosen!
by the people to All was being attack- I
ed and he would be unfaithful to his
trust If he submitted longer.
Mr. Taft undoubtedly realises ful- I
ly what the dismissal of Foreeter Pin- I
chot means In a poltical way. He has I
been convinced for some time that I
the so-called "insurgents" and other
critics of his admlnstratlon had en-|
listed the service of Mr. Pinchot and
practically were defying him to sep
arate Mr. Pinchot from his offlc?.
The latter's letter of yesterday, few j
here doubt, wae written with the dl-1
reel purpose of "putting It squarely!
up to the President." I
The President sought to avoid the I
threatened war as long aa he could I
but declared today that patience had I
ceaeed to be a virtue. He pioked up I
the gage of battle thrown down by I
Mr. Pinchot by the hand of Senator!
Dolllver In the senate, a^nd with the I
administration supporter*, le ready]
??fat" Hie fray which la certain \o en-1
Political observer* In Washington!
declare that the Situation created by!
today'a development* Is the most!
tense of many years. What the out-1
come will be no one Is willing tol
In the House of Representatives I
today Speaker Cannon loet hie first I
fight to the "Insurgents," who, com-1
blnlng with the Democrats, caused tol
be adopted an amendment to the J
Balllnger-Plnchot Inquiry resolution
so as to take from the speaker the
power to appoint the House members
of the Joint special committee of In-1
vestigation. The margin of victory
W9* a narrow one of three votes, but
the insurgents and Democrats alike
are Jubilant tonight. The dismissal
of Pinchot has lent fuel to the flames
of their celebration and they are ven?
turing all manner of predictions as
to what Is to happen In the future.
Three Republicans, not classed as
Insurgents, but who profess their
friendship for Pinchot, voted with
the insurgents and Democrats for
the amendment which calls for the
?election of the House investigators
by election from the floor.
These two Incident*, at capitol and
White House, kept Washington In a
political ferment all day.
The cabinet was In special session
during practically the entire after?
noon following the regular session of
the morning. Secretary Balllnger,
congnlzant of the action that was
about to be taken, remained away
from the afternoon sitting. It was
at the end of this special session to?
night that the President gave out the
letter he had written to Mr. Pinchot
notifying him that his usefulness as
a public servant under the present
administration was at an end.
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson
Pinchot's Immediate superior, It ap?
pears, was one of the forester's chief
accusers. He told President Taft
that he had advised Mr. Pinchot not
to send the letter to Senator Dolllver;
that Mr. Pinchot had told him he
had such a letter In mind and "could
Induce Senator Dolllver" to r.ead It
on the very day that President Taft's
special message transmitting the At?
torney General's exoneration of Sec?
retary Rallinger was to be presented
to the senate.
It was this story of Plnchots ap?
parently calculated insubordination
that aroused the President to keenest
Mr. Taft accused Pinchot of hav?
ing taken his stand against Secretary
Hulllnger wholly upon the evidence
adduced by L R- Olavls and without
regard for the evidence on the other
side on file in the Interior depart?
ment. The letter directing Secretary
Wilson to dismiss the forester forth?
with was carefully framed during the
il Fear not?Let all the ends Thon Ala
ER. S. 0., WEDNES
afternoon sitting of the cabinet.
Secretary Wilson was swift In
carrying out the decision of the pres?
ident. He addressed to Glfford Pln
chot. forester; Overton W. Price, as"
soclate forester, and Albert C. Shaw,
assistant law officer, forestry bureau,
letters substantially identical. That
to Mr. Pinchot reads:
"Sir: By direction of the Presi?
dent, you are hereby removed from
your office as forester. You will de?
liver possession of your office affairs
belonging to the government to Mr.
Albert F. Potter, assistant forester.
'Secretary of Agriculture."
The President in bis letter to For?
ester Pinchot informing him of his
dismissal, refers to Mr. PInchot's let?
ter to Senator Dolliver of Iowa which
was read in the senate yesterday and
says In part:
"The plain intimation In your let?
ter are, first, that I had reached a
wrong conclusion as to the good faith
of Secretary Balllnger and the officers
of the land office, although you and
your subordinates had only seen the
evidence of Glavis, the accuser, and
had never seen or read the evidence
of those accused or the records that
they disclosed which were submitted
to me, and, second, that under these
circumstances, without the exploita?
tion of Messrs. Shaw and Price in the
daily, weekly and monthly press of
the charges of Glavis, the admlnstra
tion, including the President and the
officers of the interior department
and land office would have allowed
certain fraudulent claims to be pa?
tented on coal lands In Alaska, al?
though the matter had been specifi?
cally brought to the attention of the
President by the Glavis charges. Tou
j solicited the opportunity to make
such a declaration in Congress for
I the purpose of offsetting, if possible,
in the public mind, the President*?
decision In the Glavis case, supported
by the opinion of the Attorney Gen?
eral after a full examination by both
of the evidence adduced by the accu?
ser, and the evidence on behalf of
the excused, whkdv lalUr. wWene?
you and your subordinates had never
"Tou did this against the advice of
the Secretary of Agriculture, without
notifying him that you Intended to do
so, and without conferring with me
at all. Tour letter was In effect an
Improper appeal to Congress and the
public tc excuse in advance the guilt
of your subordinates before I could
act and against my decision in the
Glavis case before the whole evi?
dence on which that was based could
"I should be glad to regard what
has happened only as a personal re?
flection, so that I could pass it over
and take no official cogr.tzance of It.
But other and higher considerations
must govern me. When the people
of the United States elected me presi?
dent they placed *ne in an office of
the highest dignity and charged me
with the duty of maintaining that
dignity and proper respect for the
office on the part of my subordinates.
Moreover, if I were to pass over this
matter In silence, it would be most
demoralizing to the discipline of the
executive branch of the government.
"By your own account you have
destroyed your usefulness as a help?
ful subordinate of the government,
and it therefore now becomes my
duty to direct the Secretary of Agri?
culture to remove you from your of?
fice as the forester."
Mr. Pinchot received tonight the
letter of the President and Secretary
Wilson's peremptory note of dismis?
sal: but nothing about his demeanor
indicated that he was surprised or
distressed by either. Asked If he
would say anything for publication,
"It will suit me Just as well if you
will make for me Just that simple
statement: *1 have nothing to say.' "
Mr. Pinchot added that he prob?
ably would say something tomorrow.
Speaker Cannon received his "jolt"
today In the House of Representa?
tives In the vote on the amendment
offered by Representative Norrls of
Nebraska, the insurgent leader, and
the vote was <<> to 146, five "vot?
So unexpectedly was the victory
accomplished that the Insurgents and
their Democratic allies could scarce?
ly believe their ears. For an instant
almost complete silsnce reigned, then
the storm broke and for almost a full
minute the noise In the chamber was
deafening. After that the Democrat!
Jubilant that they bad helped to
pierce the hitherto Impervious armor
Of the Speaker, seemed willing to
abandon their fight against the reso?
lution itself which all the afternoon
had appeared too broad to suit them,
and all of them voted for it on a viva
voce vote, though the organization
leaders made no attempt to conceal
their confusion. It developed that
uft At be thy Country's, Thy God's anr
DAY. JANUARY 12.
P1NGH0T NOT WHIPPED
CHIEF FORESTER STILL IX THE
I Speech Made by Dismissed Govern- I
ment Official to His Subordinates,
Upon Relinquishing His Position.
Indicates That He Regards Him?
self as a Guardian of "the Interests
of the People"?Declines to Dis?
cuss Ills Removal.
Washington, Jan. 8.?Gifford Pin?
chot, who was removed yesterday by
President Taft from his position as
I <hief forester, made it clear today in
addresses to the officers of the for?
est service and the clerks of that or
ganization that his battle with Secre?
tary of the Interior Ballinger and the
I Administration was not ended. While
I smilingly declining to express any
I personal opinion about his removal
I from office he also refused to discuss
I his plans for the future.
I Mr. Pinchot arrived at his office
I early in order to arrange his affairs
I and withdraw as quickly as possible.
I A meeting of the officials who had
I been under him had already been ar
I ranged for 10:15 o'clock, and three
I quarters of an hour later the clerical
I force of the forest service arrived in
I his office to say goodbye.
I In addressing the men with whom
1 he had been most Intimately asso
I elated, Mr. Pinchot declared he
I wanted them to remember first that
I they must never forget that "the
I fight In which you are engaged for
I the safe and decent handling of our
I timber lands is Infinitely larger than
I any man's personal presence or per
I sonal fortunes. Continuing he said:
I "This fight must go .on, and you
I are the men who must carry it on.
I Stay by the work; hold fast to the
1 standards we have set together. Nev
I er allow yourselves to forget that you
I are serving a much greater master
I than the Department, of Agriculture,
I or even the Administration."
I In addressing the clerks Mr. Pin
I chot* do*mmanded them to maint?fn
I service at the same standard and to
I press along the same lines, and nev
] er to forget they were the servants
I of the people of the United States,
I responsible to them and to them
I alone. j
j "I do not want you to get the idea
j ?and this is my personal end of It" j
J ?he said, "that because I am going
I out of the service I am in any way
j losing my Interest in it or my touch
] with it or you. Conservation is my
] life work In the government service
J or out of It. And this Is the most
I Important piece of conservation work
I there is. Therefore, I propose to
I know about it, to follow the work you
I are all doing, to keep my Interest In
I It and, so far that is in any way pos
I sible, to keep in touch with It and
I my knowledge of it."
None of the officials would discuss
I the real and hidden meaning of Mr
I Plnchot's declarations. It was gen
I erally conceded, however, that they
I breathed defiance, and were in the
I nature of an announcement that the
I former chief forester regarded him
I self still as a guardian of what, in
I the recent controevrsy, had been
I called "the Interests of the people."
the three regulars who voted for the
amendment were all staunch friends
of Chief Forester Pinchot and that
they had favored the election of
members of the committee by the
House to insure an impartial jury to
try what is popularly known as the
Plnchot-Balllnger case. They were
Representatives Ames of Massachu?
setts and Fish and Parsons of New
The Insurgent ranks had but one
deserter, Steenerson of Minnesota.
Strangely enough, Fitzgerald of New
York was the only Democrat to cast
his vote with the Republican regu?
lars, although he led the minority
fight on the joint resolution.
Republican leaders attributed their
defeat to the large number of absen?
tees but the tide of battle was really
turned by Mr. Pinchot's three friends.
Practically the entire day was de?
voted by the House to the consider?
ation of the joint resolution which
Was taken up after the reading of the
President's Interstate commerce and
anti-trust message bad been condud"
ed. The Democrats made their fight
on an attempt to narrow the pro?
posed Investigation to the general
land office, contending that as no
such charges as bad been made
against Secretary Ballinger bad been
preferred against Forester Pinchot
there was no reason for dragning the
latter into the inquiry.
The resolution as it goes to the
senate provides for an investigating
committee of 12 members, six to be
appointed by the President of the
senate and six to be elected by the
I Truth**." RO;
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE NOTES
Roll of Membership Shows Many
New Names?Reardon and the Lazy
Secretary Reardon reports that the
farmers and country merchants are
beginning to take an interest in til
Chamber of Commerce and are be?
Among the prominent and well
known public spirited citizens of *he
"Gamecock County" who have en?
rolled their names are Messrs. E. R.
Rembert. of Remberts, J. W. Allen,
of New Sumter, W. S. Reams, R. F.
D. No. 5, F. E. Thomas, Wedgefleld,
S. D. Cain, County superintendent of
education, J. M. Brogdon, E. W.
Dabbs, Salem, A. K. Sanders, Ha
good, S. A. Harvin, Tuomey's Station.
W. D. McLeod, Oswego, Peter M.
Pitts, County supervisor, E. T. Mims,
Among the new members from the
city of Sumter who have enrolled ay
members since the night of organi?
zation are Train Master C. M. Brand,
Rev. C. C. Brown, D. D., Rev. Fath?
er Charles Dubois Wood, Mr. T. H.
Clark, of the Sumter Dry Goods Co.,
Mr. Henry G. McKagen, Mr. S. W.
Rumph, manager the Western Union
Tel. Co., George D. Shore & Bro.,
Col. Thos. Wilson, John R. Sumter,
Clerk of the Board of County Com?
The secretary, who is also health
officer, and who is somewhat of a
student of communicable diseases
says that it is now an accepted fact
in Chamber of Commerce circles, and
while not officially ruled on by the
Board of Health, that no Sumter man
who is a member of the Chamber "?f
Commerce is suffering from Hook?
A thorough investigation of the
membership roll shows that there la
not an individual in the commercial
organization suffering from "Uncln
ariasis Anchalostlnar or the "lazy
germ," and the secretary is willing
to stake his professional and com?
mercial reputation, on vthey aaser ton
that one of the infalliable indications
of Hookworm disease is the absence
of a Sumter man's name on the
Chamber of Commerce membership
Those who mail their checks foi
one year's dues or $5.00 to the secre?
tary will be given free immunizing
doses of "Gamecock blood virus,"
which so thoroughly innoculates
them with the "Sumter spirit" thai
a Hookworm would drop dead witt
heart diseases immediately upon en?
tering the circulation of an Individ?
ual who has been so innoculated.
The secretary who has been ap?
pointed by Governor Ansel as a dele?
gate to the big National Hookworm
Conference In Atlanta on January
18th-19th. expects to read a paper
before the conference showing how
to combine therapeutics, commercial
Ism and hygiene and avoid hook?
Mr. Reardon says also that he
knows of no Sumter man suffering
from hookworm who subscribes to
and advertises in his home papers
and patronizes Sumter's mercantile
and industrial establishments and
talks up Sumter and Sumter county.
YEGGMEN GOT $500.
Robbers of Hartsvllle Postoffiee Made
Nice Little Haul.
Hartsvllle, Jan. 6.?'The safe crack?
ers who rifled the safe at the post
office Tuesday night, got away with
about $500 in cash. They left three
tools, which were taken from a black?
smith shop, near the safe and must
have used an abundance of explosives
from the manner in which the safe
was torn up. Postmaster Heustess
wired the postofflce authorities, and
is congratulating himself that it did
not happen the night before, when
there was a much larger sum of
money in the safe.
MONEY AND WHISKEY STOLEN.
Southern Railway Office at Edge?ehl
Entered by Robbers.
Edgefield, Jan. 8.?The office of
the Southern Railway Com| V at
this place was broken Into last uight
and about fifty dollar! and a quantity
of whiskey that had come by express
Entrance was effected by prizing
'?pen the door that led Into the office.
An effort was made to break op m the
iron safe, but without avail, the door
of the same being heavily Indented.
The money was secured from the
drawer In which the ticket and
freight money is deposited.
The Taft Administration seeems to
have started no a new method of
downing the Democratic party??flll*
ing the offices with Democrats.?Bos?
B SOUTHRON, Established June, 1MI
les?Vol. XXX. No. 40.
TUFFS SPECIAL MESSAGE.
MEMBERS GIVE COMMUNICA?
TION' CAREFUL ATTEXTIOX.
Representative Townsend of Michi?
gan Soon Will Introduce Adminis?
tration's Xew Commerce Bill.
Washington, Jan. 7.?President
Taft's special message to Congress
recommending amendments to the
Interstate commerce and anti-trust
laws, was laid before the House of
Representatives today almost imme?
diately after that body convened.
The reading of the document was
begun without delay and members
i upon both the Republican and the
Democratic sides followed the clerk
closely. Copies of the message were
laid upon the desk of each Represen?
tative and the interest attracted was ?
Indicated by the fact that unusual si?
lence prevailed for the three-quarters
of an hour required for the reading,
silence which was broken only by the
voice of the reading clerk.
Representative Townsend of Mich?
igan, who was among the most atten?
tive listeners, was understood to have
in his possession the administration
bill amending the interstate com
merce law in accordance with the
recommendations of the President
contained in his special message. The
measure will be introduced on Mon?
When the reading of the Presi?
dent's message was concluded it was
referred by the Speaker to the appro?
Gov. Ansel Will Give Liberty to Mrs.
Fannie Carson Who Killed Her
Columbia, Jan. 8.?The pardon
board's report reached Gov. Ansel to?
day, recommending a full pardon for
1 Mrs. Fannie Carson. In the other
two cases considered a parole,
I after one year, was recommended for
Wilkle *SWiflin?, from Greenville, and
the full pardon of the Orangeburg
negro, Robert Green. Gov. Ansel
will probably adopt the report and
issue the pardons Monday.
WILL ASK FOR DISPENSARY.
I Petition Calling For Election to be
Circulated In Greenville.
Columbia. January 7.?One county
I on the eve of the session of the Legis
I lature is to have a petition circu
? lated for the establishment of the
I county dispensary system,
j The Piedmont, of Greenville, the
I county In question, says:
I "Within the next few days there
I will be petitions circulated in Greer
I vllle by Mr. C. E. Cook requesting
I the Legislature to order an election
I for the establishment of a county
I dispensary in Greenville.
"This subject has been spoken of
I by advocates of the dispensary system
I in preference to the present plan for
I some time and it is alleged that there
I Is a strong sentiment in favor of the
I old plan.
"The argument that is being used
I in favor of the dispensary, is the fact
I that a certain amount of liquors are
j being bought by citizens of Greenville
I from outside of the State and that
I the money spent for this purpose is
I absolutely of no benefit to the city, or
I county of Greenville, whereas, it is
I claimed that the establishment of the
I dispensary would bring in a certain
I amount of revenue for the support
I of the schools, etc.
j "On next Monday or Tuesday it is
j understood, the petition will be clr
I culated among the people. It is nec
I essary that two-thirds of the citizens
j of Greenville affix their signatures to
I the petition In order to hold an elee
j "One of the more Important mat
I ters, which will demand the attention
j of the Legislature at its next session
I will be' the State-wide prohibition
bill. If this bill is enacted into law
a petition would not be of use, even
if signed, to the advocates of the dis?
"It Is known that any effort to
have the old dispensary opened ir.
Greenville will meet with strons: op?
position and that powerful influence
will be brought to benr against it."
SELLERS POUND GUILTY.
C olumbia's "King of Rlind Tigers"
Convicted of Selling Whiskey.
Columbia, Jan. 8.?Going upon the
stand for the first time in his career
and pleading not guilty to a charge
of violation of the whiskey law,
Wade Hampton Sellerr, ItO ,wn local?
ly as the "King of Blind Tigers,"
was today in the Court of General
Sessions found guilty of selling whis?
key. Sentence was suspended by
Judge Prince until Monday.