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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 15, 1910, Image 4',
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Cljt ??lauiimaa anft jwut|)r?&.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 19(0.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In i860 and the True Southron in
litt. The Waten man and Southron
tpw has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and la manifestly the best advertising
medium la Sumter.
Qov. Ansel recommends In his an?
nual message that elections be held
forthwith in dispensary counties to
vote out the dispensaries, but is as
mum as an oyster about dry counties
that want to vote in the dispensary.
Hie own home county?Greenville?
la reported to be anxious to rid it
eel f of prohibition and re-establish
the dispensary, but he probably had
no Information along this line to In?
dicate that this sentiment is suffi
clently strons in a majority of the
counties to Insure the popularity of
a recommendation that dry counties
be permitted to vote in the re-estab
llehment of the county dispensary,
t ? ?
Taken as a whole Gov. Ansel's
third annual message Is about as fea?
tureless and lnconeequental a docu?
ment as we have ever read. It Is
neither progressive nor reactionary,
but merely perfunctory performance
of a duty that ho could not decently
and decorously escape. For such a
meeeage to be sent to the legislature
and the people of the State at this
time, when there are so many Issues
and so many questions demanding
attention, ts the only remarkable and
striking feature of the performance.
? ? ?
President Taft is rapidly pacifying
the business interests that maintain
and control the Republican party.
The Standard OH verdict is in a fair
way to be side-tracked, e c >mpro
mlse with the railroad trust is being
arranged, the sugar trust has been
permitted to pay up a part of its
stealage and all of the other male?
factors sre confident of absolution.
President Taft is the friend of the
Justness Interests and there will be
no deficiency In th^campaign fund
?rhen he Is a candidate for re-elec?
? ?I ' 'ej
We had entertained the hope that
"ity Council would take the inltia
Ive In doing something to bring
ibout the fair and honest return and
issesa&nent of property for taxation,
nut aa nothing was done at the meet
ng last night that hope was some?
what shaken. We have not lost hope
entirely, for the matter Is one of
*uch Importance that we do not see
iow Council can Ignore It altogcth
r. Council Is the proper body to
ike action and In the circumstances
II Is its duty to at least make an ef
>rt to equalize the burdens of gov
rnment by having all property tax
1 st the same rate In proportion to
? actual value. The suggestion was
ade and endorsed at the recent an
i ial meeting of the Chamber of
I' ?ramerce that the tax returns be
i bllshed. but while this would prob
?l ly do some good, Inasmuch as it
??uld expo** flagrant Instances of
tax dodging, this plan does not seem
to us to be the best that could be
adopted. In our mind the plan adop?
ted in Charleston to have all the
property In the city valued at its
fnee market value by a committee of
well Informed and trustworthy real
eetate men, Is the best and most bus?
iness-like pUn to catch the tax
dodgers that could be adopted. it
would cost the city of Sumter a few
hundred dollars, it is true, but It
would add aeveral thousand dollars
to |1 e annual Income and would
equalise the burden of taxation and
force those who own valuable prop?
erty and enjoy the Income from It to
pay their Just share of the cost of
the city go\ernment. We are con?
vinced that It Is the duty of city
Council to take some action In this
Important matter and we trust the
duty will not be shirked at the next
meeting. If anything Is to be done
It must he done now. for real estate
Is now being returned for taxation
and when the assessment Is fixed *t
remains unchanged for four years.
SJUG1 l it TO HK TRI I P
Rot There .May be Some Further
D. G Zelgler. formerly an archi?
tect, now engaged In promoting wa*
ter powers. Is to be tried In the crlm
I n ?I Sewrt on the charge of obtaining;
money under false pretenses. Zelgler
la alleged to have allowed Mrs. Belle
J. Nance to Invest In one of his cor?
porations and that she lost her
This happened in 1907 and the
amount Involved is $50u.
Notice of the approaching trial was
published In The State of Dec. 31.
and certain statements were used on
the authority of the solicitor. Zelgler
has taken exceptions to those charges
that Mrs. Nance, after buying stocks,
was sent to BlackvtUe to take charge
of the business there.
This he denies In toto. Solicitor
Cobb yesterday said that he would
not argue the matter In advance of
the trial.?The State
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. tV. Dabbs. President Farmers* Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will bo my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o.-r readers telling ot their successes or failures
will be appreciated and ) ablished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs,
Mayesville. S. C.
Some Haii(lorn Thought*.
The County Union meeting on Fri?
day 7th with Concord Union was one
of the best meetings since its Or?
ganisation. The entertainment was
all that could be wished by the must
exacting. But unless the good Jadles
where we meet give us more simple
fare In place of an elaborate spread
such as our Friday dinner, 'n justice
to them we will have to stop meeting
In the country'- The trfx on them is
too great, and we must ask them to
give us a lunch next time.
Two Unions, High Hills and G>
wego, were not represented. We
missed the counsel of these broth?
ers, but brethren your loss was great
too. The next meeting on Friday.
Feb. 4th will be in the Court House
in Sumter. \
To Union members who are tempt?
ed to dabble In cotton futures we
commend tn>- resolutions published
In this column on Wednesday. Give
this matter careful thought. More
reasons than were given in the reso?
lutions can be put forward, and the
matter can be presented even more
nrongly than the report of the com*
mlttee. But these were sufficient to
cause any careful man to pause be- j
fore he engages in such a pernicious ,
business, where the' broker who
handles the contracts Is the only sure
winner and all others pay toll to his
Another matter that we hope great
things from in 1910 was the offering
of prizes for the best yields of corn
by sons of Union members In Sumter
Ccunty, $26, $15 and $10. The Coun?
ty Union adopted this enthusiastical?
ly and commended to the local
unions the offering by them of like
prizes. We expect our United States
Department of Agriculture Demon?
strator Prof. J. Frank Williams to
"get busy" and enroll boys on every
farm In this contest. Then we will
hope In a year or two to see no more
w?stern corn shipped into Sumter
The status of the Union Brokerage
Company and Produce Exchange
was thoroughly explained by the
committee appointed to procure a
charter. Our manager, Mr. J. M.
Brogdon Is located in a warehouse
r.oar the Farmers' Gin Company,
and Is getting in fine shape to handle
all the business that comes his way,
both In buying and selling. Call on
him, brother farmers, when you go to
Sumter and he will not only interest
you. but save you money as well.
Another thing, a Produce Exchange
cannot be run wlhout produce: so
arrange with him to handle your
potatoes, peas, hay, oats, corn, eggs*
chickens, turkeys, butter, fruit and
vegetables. This can be done to the
advantage of the sellers and buyers,
if gone at right. Another thing and
I am done?for this time: make ar?
rangements to sell your stuff under
your own brand, and let your brand
be a warranty of merit.
The stockholders of the Union
Brokerage Co. are called to meet in
Grand Jury room in the Court House
on Tuesday the 18th to complete the
organization. This Is Important, and
every subscriber to stock shir .d be
there either In person or by proxy,
better in person. E. W. D.
A Warning hum an Old |>ny Hook.
Just an old day-book, bound In
sheep, the Ink fading, the pages dls
colored, with nothing to show Its for?
mer . "ucr, It yet carried between its
pages a lesson and a warning
This old book was found hy a
neighbor of mine among some old
hooks and papers left In an unused
room by his lawyer father at his (h ath
many years ago. There Is no mnrk
to show the name of the firm or llrms
who used It, and the names of the
people on Its pages read almost like
calling the roll of the dead Hut few
of the customers of this unknown
firm are alive, but the descendants of
these people to a great extent live In
the same section where their fathers
The book Is double ruled, and seems
to be a dally record of all sales, both
for cash and on a credit, written
doubtless with a quill pen, and with
all the neatness and attention to de?
tails so characteristic of the old time
The flr3t date is April 15th, 1861.
The names of the customers call to
the recollection of the older citizens
people who were wealthy, or "well
to-do. " At the end of each month
the cash sales and credit sales were
tabulated separately, and Indicate
that the firm was doing a safe and
profitable business. On Sept. 18th,
1861, occurs this entry: "Cr. By IS
and 20-60 bu. wheat at .90 $16.50."
There are no futher entries until
January 22nd, 1867. It is evident
that the war Interfered with the con?
duct of the business. The proprietor
The entries in this old book of an?
te-bellum days seem strange to our
farmers of today. It was not able to
find but one single entry of meat, j
lard, flour, corn, or meal charged to
a customer. The farmers bought
drygoods and hardware. Not one
single th.ng of those we generally
speak of as "groceries" was charged
to a customer, though some of them
lived in the little town. In every In?
stance where feed or food stuff was
entered It was a credit to some farm?
er who was paying his bill. The far?
mer sold wheat, flour and meat to
the merchant. He bought none from
Beginning with January, 18?7, the
old book t< Us .> different tale, The
180 pafr^ following are full 61 en
tries ch> red to farmers relidiajg:
"3-* bu. onione at $1.oo. 1 l bu; meal
$1.2 5." "1-2 gal. syrup .50." "To
20 lb. bacon $4.00." "To 1 sk. flour
(10) lbs.) $8.00." "T.o 1 gal. syrup
$1.25." "To 5 lb. peaches .50." "To
1 bu. meal $1.40," etc.
Occasionally occurs a credit of
"One B-C at .18." Occasional
charges against other firms for "Amt*
paid Revenue on cotton." "Weighing
and marking cotton."
cur under date of November, 1867,
under this heading: "Payments to
-, Asslgnt e." And the pay?
ments were small. I doubt not that
many an old book has the same pa?
thetic end'ng. After nine months of
charging "onions, meat, flour, corn,
meal, etc. to people gone wild raising
cotton the end Is told in the three
words "Paid to Assignee."
Am I not right In saying this old
book holds a lesson and a warning?
Will the farmers of Georgia learn
the lesson and heed the warning?
Let me carry the lesson of this old
book a little further. Raising cotton
to buy food stuffs evidently did not
pay the merchant, even If he did
charge $16.00 per barrel for flour,
$1.40 per bushel for meal, and 20
cents per pound for meat. "Paid to
Assignee" closes his history. What
of the customers? They got the
"good price" of IS cents for their
cotton. Tat today many of the
farms and plantations which In 1861
and 1867 were as flne as could be
found in Georgia have been sold for
debt, or are so heavily mortgaged
that the descendants of these men
of 1867 must turn over a new leaf If
the mortgage Is ever paid by the
The town itself was not helped by
trade. It is not as large as it was
in 1S67. The merchants do less bus?
iness. I am told, and the new build?
ing has hardly kept pace with the
slow process of decay.
It did not help the farms. Much of
the land on which this IS cents cot?
ton grew 13 seamed with gullies, bare
of vegetation, and absolutely with?
out profit to the present owners or to
the community. The descendants of
these men of lsg7 have cleared and
"worn out" yet other land raising
"OOtton at a good price."
The same economic error which
caused failures in 1S6T and since
then will cause disaster in the year
1910 and after. Effect will follow
cause as sure as the sun shines. No
matter how good the price for cotton
the Southern farmer can not depend
on cotton to buy his food and feed.
No matter how much profit the
Southern merchant may book, no
matter If he again charges $16.00
per barrel for flour, 20 cents a pound
for meat, his book will also elos-*
with the entry "Paid to Assignee"
unless he combants his Southern
Men of the South, will you heed
the warning brought you by this old
book 4 2 years old. If not you would
not heed one "even though he were
raised from the dead.''
* * *
If you have not sowed more oats
than it will take to feed your stock
another year, get busy now and do it.
They would have been better sowed
several weeks ago, but there is still
time to make a good crop. Prepare
your land well, plant in open fur- !
rows with a guano distributor, and
old "Kit" will have cause to smile
next summer. You will feed your
mule much more cheaply,?and I ex?
pect much more bountifully,?on
oats you have raised than on corn
which cost you $1.25 per bushel. Try
Some of the packers are claiming
a 34 per cent, shortage in the ho?
crop. This means high-priced meat,
higher than you have known, pos?
sibly. You have been selling your
cottonseed at $30 per ton, and over.
Th's means that "shortnin" is going
to be dear. Would it not be well to
prepare a pasture for your pigs next
spring, and see that the pigs are put
on it? That is the surest way to g^t
the inside track of the meat trust?
make yourself independent of it. W.
L. Stallings in Southern Cultivator.
Mr. Thomas T. Upshur, of Nassa
wadox, Northampton County, Va..
died at 1 o'clock this morning at the
home of his son, Mr. W. B. Upshur,
on North Main street, aged 65 years.
The funeral service will be held at
the house at 5 o'clock this afternoon
and the body will be taken to Vir?
ginia for interment in the family
burying ground at Brownsville, on
the Eastern Shore, where the Upshur
family has resided since Colonial
Mr. Upshur has been In failing
health for several months and came
to Sumter only a few weeks ago In
hope that the change would benefit
him. He did not regain his strength,
however, and his death was not unex?
The deceased bad many friends
among the older citizens who knew
him well when he made his home in
Sumter in the 70's and 80's. He came
to tb1? Hty ? few vf?ars nfter the
*ar and was for several yean con*
nectcd with the firm of Lyons Sc Co.,
at that tiir?? ene of Ute lartp
m ss bouser of the town. Later Mr.
Upshur was elected Clerk and TftB
urer of the town, which position he
held for several years. In 18S6 he
returned to his old home on the
Eastern Shore of Virginia where he
Although a mere boy when the war
broke out in 1861, Mr. Upshur saw
considerable service in the Confed?
erate army and won recognition for
Iiis faithful and gallant conduct.
He is survived by his wife, who
was, before marriage, Miss Caroline
Blanding of this city, and eight chil?
dren, of whom only Mr. W. B. Up?
shur is a resident of Sumter.
TIFE NEW CHIEF FORESTER
Henry S. Graves. Director of Yale
Forest School is to Succeed GifTord
Washington, Jan. 12.?Presid?-.t
Taft this afternoon appointed Henry
S. Graves, director of the Yale for?
est school, as forester of tho United
States to succeed Glffo^d Pinchot,
and Albert F. Potter, at present act?
ing forester, as assistant forester.
Both men have served under Mr.
Plnchot and both are in fcvmpnthy
with his polio/ of adm i istration.
It was largeiy throu^b Mr. Fin
cbi t's efforts that the Y* * f >rf si
Kchool was established and Mt.
Ciaves went from the port of assist?
ant division chief of forestry under
Mr. Pinchot to beconv. director or
the school in 1100. Mr. Graves will
atke up his duties as forester Feb?
Mr. Potte?*, the new Mtil.xnt for
es*. MPi who succeeds Overton W.
Price, Is a native of California and
had spent all of his life in the West
until he became a member of the
forestry staff nine years ago.
The lien law was repealed last
year but the repeal appears to hav?>
had little or no effect on the credit
business as the crop mortgage Is said
to be fully as effective and as satis?
factory to the lien merchant and ad?
vances on crops will be made as
The slump in the cotton market
has givon many of the sidewalk far?
mers a tired feeling and they find it
very dllficult to smile and look hap
Maj. C. B. Yeadon has been nomi?
nated for Lieut. Colonel of the Sec?
ond Regiment to succeed Lieut. Col.
L. W. Haskell, who has resigned. It
goes without saying that Maj. Yea?
don will have the hearty and merited
support of the members of the Sum?
ter Light Infantry
ANNUAL BANK ELECTIONS.
Officers and Directors Klevted to
Serve During 1910.
The annual meetings of stock?
holders and the elections of officers
and directors of three of the banks
were held this week. All of the
banks prospered during 1909 more
than ever before and they begun the
new year with largely increased as?
sets and carried a handsome amount
ot the surplus after paying the usual
dividends. The elections resulted as
Farmers' Hank and Trust Co.
At the annual meeting of the
stockholders of the Farmers' Bank
and Trust Co.. held on the 10th
inst., the following officers and di?
rectors of the institution were elect?
ed for the ensuing year.
C. G. Rowland. President: R. F.
Haynsworth and Thos. Wilson, Vice
Presidents; R. L. Edmunds, Cash?
ier; Guy L. Warren, Teller; A. S.
Merriman and H. L. McCoy, Book?
keepers; E. H. Rhame, Jr., Assistant
Bookkeeper: Messrs. Purdy & Bland,
Directors?W. B. Burns, R. J.
Bland. J. K Crosswell, Geo. F. Ep?
person. F. F. Haynsworth, H. J.
MoLaurin. Jr., C. G. Rowland, Isaac
Schwartz. Geo. D. Shore, J. F.
Bland, C. T. Mason, Thos. Wilson,
J. J. Britton. Jr., R. O. Purdy. Jno.
Wilson, M. Reynolds.
First National Hank.
At the annual meeting of the
stockholders of the First National
Rank, held on Tuesday afternoon the
following officers and directors were
elected for the ensuing year:
A. J. China. President; Neill
O'Donncll, Vice President; J. L. Mc
Callum, Cashier; O. L. Yates, As?
sistant Cashier and Teller; S. M.
McLeod, Individual Bookkeeper;
Harry D. Walsh, Collector and Mr.
R. D. Lee. Solicitor.
Director??A. J. China. H. D.
Barnett, R. D. Lee, Geo. D. Shore,
Neill O'Donnell, John Reid, E. P.
Sumter Savings Bank.
At the annual meeting of the
stockhc ders of the Sumter Savings
Pank held Wednesday afternoon the
following officers and directors were
G. A. Lemmon, President; I. C.
Strauss. Vice President and Solicitor;
Geo. L. Ricker, Cashier; J. G. R.
Wilder. Assistant Cashier; R. A.
Brad ham. Bookkeeper,
rdr^otors - f. t>. Wlthersnoon,
1 Marion Motse, L. B. DuRant, G. A.
Lemmon, h. m. Btuokny, H. J.
Harby, C. L. stubhs. I. C. Btrauen
lilt; PIANO tUMhSl.
Re Sure Ton Understand The Condi
tions on Which Votes Are Given.
In order that there may be no
misunderstanding of the condition on
which votes are given for payment
on account, the rule which has been
published continuously in the adver?
tisement of the contest is reproduced
below. There seems to be some mis?
apprehension of the conditions on
which votes are allowed for pay?
ments on account, and to avoid any
future misunderstanding and com?
plication we shall adhere strictly to
the rule. We will send out state?
ments on the 1st of the month as
usual, and if money is sent to the
office promptly votes will be given
upon request. Note the following
How to Obtain Votes.
Every new subscriber paying in
advance, will be credited for each
dollar paid, 200 votes. Every old
subscriber paying up back dues will
be credited for each dollar paid 100
votes, and on each dollar paid in ad?
vance 200 votes. No votes will be
given on payments of less than $1.00.
Every person or firm that brings or
sends an order for advertising or
printing and pays for same in ad?
vance will be entitled to 100 votes
for each dollar paid. For money
paid on accounts 50 votes will be al?
lowed for end) dollar paid. If money
is brought or sent to this office. No
votes will be given for money paid
Will anybody be arrested for ig?
noring the sewerage ordinance? If
not, why pay out good money to the
plumbers for having the connections
made that were ordered many
months ago by the Board of Health.
NOTIGE TO GUSTOMERS.
We the undersigned barbell of
Sumter do hereby agree that on and
after February 1st our price for shav?
ing will be 15 cents.
This advance in price has been ren?
dered necessary by the advance in
salaries of workmen, in rent, fuel
and everything el.-e, and it is impos?
sible to pay expenses at 10 cents?
the price in effect for the past fifteen
or twenty years.
It. K. BROWN.
J. T. EDWARDS.
LBV AN & ROBINSON,
W. H. STRANGE.
A. G. COOPER.
1-13-W. & S. until feb. 15
SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1910.
Kineret) ?t die POfltoJBce at Sumter, 8.
OU as inroad Claas 'latter.
N EW Al> VERT1S KM KXTS.
W. A. Thompson?Notice.
O'DonnclI & Co.?White Sale.
It. K. Brown and others?Notice
P. M. Pittts. Co. Supervisor?
Mr. B. B. Seymour and family have
removed from this city to Florence.
Mr. A. Straus", ?raveling out of
Atlanta, and deservedly one among
the most popular and highly esteem?
ed men on the road is in Sumter on
business and is being greeted by his
Mr. A. G. Kollock, of Darlington,
president of The News and Press, a
very influential journal of that coun?
ty, was in the city Tuesday.
Col. W. W. Lumpkin, "the old man
eloquent" of the Georgia Railroad
Co. is in Sumter to the great grati?
fication of his hosts of admirers.
Mrs. J. W. Minnis went to Colum?
Mr. and Mrs. Sterling F. Stouden
n.ire ha^e return*, ci to the City
Mr. Walter M. Lenoir, of Horatio,
was in the city Tuesday on business.
Mr. W. J. Rees, of Wedgefield,
spent Tuesday in town.
Mr. R. M. Jenkins, of St. Charles,
?ras in the city Tuesday.
Mrs. Emma H. Harby and Miss
Virgina Harby left on Tuesday
for Florida for a stay of several
Mr. C. L. Cuttino went to Manning
on business Tuesday.
Mrs. L. J. Tucker, of Mullin3,
who has been spending a few days
with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Eu?
gene Hogan, left Wednesday on a
visit to friends in Charleston.
Mrs. N. G. Osteen, Sr., and Mrs.
W. B. Murray are visiting friends
and relatives at Smithville.
Mr. Eugene Hogan went to Char?
leston on business Wednesday.
Dr. C. W. Blanchard, pastor of the
Clarendon Baptist Church and
noted divine, was In Sumter Tu<
en route for Manning.
j Mr. Melvln D. Kirk, .reporter
?'.;:.;t<tl City L?dge, K. of P. Cotttl
Ida, and one of the live survivfjj
members or old Stonewall oi CN
leston, and of the Grand Lodge
South Carolina K. of P., was in Sum*
ter Wednesday. I
Miss Laura Gillespie has gone on
a visit to Marlon, Rowland and Flor?
Mrs. Nelll Smith is visiting her
aunt, Mrs. Rose Jenkins.
Miss Marie Barwick, who has been
quite sick for several weeks is con
Mr. and Mrs. Betts, of Philadelphia
are spending a few days in this city
and at New Sumter.
Mr. Walter D. Sturgeon, who has
been in the employ of the Osteen
Publishing Company, for the past two
years has removed to Columbia
Miss Kloo Glenn, of Tampa, Fla.,
is visiting Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Wilder.
Mr. J. W. Young, of Remberts,
was In the city Thursday.
Mr. E. W. Dabbs, of Salem, spent
Thursday in the city on business.
Rev. and Mrs. Junius H. Mills lost
their little daughter, Virginia. Monday
night. Mrs. Mills has been visiting
her brother, Mr. Geo. McCutchen, at
Wisacky, and the little one died
Considerable progress is now being
made on the work o:i the new post
FOR SALE:?It being necessary to
retire on f.ccount of my health, I
offer for sale the best paying busi?
ness in town. Ducker & Bultman.
W. & S. 1-U-tf.
SAMUEL RAGIX. Dec'd.
Executor's Sale of Personal Property.
By ord^r of the Judge of Probate
for Sumter County, S. C, I will of?
fer for sale at public outcry to the
highest bidder, for cash, on Monday
the 24th day of January, A. D., 1910,
at the late residence of the deceased,
in Manchester Township, in said
County at 11 o'clock a. m. The per?
sonal property of said estate consist?
ing of one 1-horse wagon, one
2-horse wagon, two mules, two 0OWS,
2 calves. 14 hogs, one lot of corn, cot?
ton seed, fodder, peas, potatoes. *u
gar cane, bay and a large variety of
agricultural Implements, harness,
I SHAM MITCHELL.
Sumter, S. C, Jan 8. 1910.
W & S?4t?2t wkly.