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WY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
CIAL COUHE8PO!? DENTS.
mm of Interest From ?II Parts of
Beunter and Adjoining Counties.
HOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
MaJl your letters so that they will
fnsoh this office not later than Mon
Aar when Intended for Wednesday's
paper and not later than Thursday
far Saturday's Issue. This, of course,
applies only to regular correspond
In case of Items of unusual
value, send In Immediately by
mall, telephone or telegraph. Such
aews stories are acceptable up to the
?aar of going to press. Wednesday's
paper Is printed Tuesday afternoon
AS4 Saturday's paper Friday after
TTnda). Jan. 11.?The oat crop Is
improving -lowly and shows the ef?
fects of the cold weather.
Mr. Hugh Hodge Is spending some
time at Woodruff.
Mr. Warren S. Wells, the oldest
citizen of this community died at his
home near her?? on Thursday, Jan.
Mr. B. R. Hodge has accepted a
position with Trexler Lumber Co. at
The health of the community is
Hsgood. Jan. 12.?For the last
a good deal of plowing has been
done. Renters and share-croppers
are moving about from one planta?
tion to another.
Mr. C. W. Sanders went to Colum?
Mr. A. H. Sanders went to Sum?
Mr. Garner Sanders, tho postmas?
ter of this town, is very skk.
PRISON OFFICERS CONVICTED
Men Responsible for Deuting of Ne.
gro In Atlanta Stockade Con?
Ttlanta. Oa.. Jan. 12.?D. M.
Vlnlng. recently suspended as super?
intendent of the Atlanta city stock?
ade, snd Petev Cornet, a guard of
the stockade, were found guilty In
the Supreme court here late tcday on
Charges of assult and battery, grow?
ing out of tho alleged brutal bent
lag of Floyd Oreen, a negro con?
sist. Sentence was deferred until
The Indictment against Capt. Vln?
lng and his whipping boai followed
an investigation of the city prison by
a special committee of the Fulton
County grand Jury, which created a
eenastlon by declaring. In a lengthy
report to the Court, that the filthy
conditions and cruelty practiced at
the stockade were a disgrace^ to a
civilised community. In that report
It was said that the prison reeked
with filth and vermin, that the 'ood
was unwholesome, the clothing of the
prisoners and the bedding filthy, and
that men, women and Inmates of the
pr'son were cruely beaten. While
women, for trivial breaches of the
prison rules, the report ststed, were
fastened to the wall with Iron hand
rings, their feet barely touching the
txir. and left In that position until
In the case of the negro, Green.
It wss testified that he was placed <n
the "bucking machine" and given 27
blows with a heavy leather strap, the
blood from the cuts on his body
running down bis legs and leaving
his body a mass of sores. Major
Msddox and members of the Jury
testified to seeing the sores on the
negroe's body, some of which were
three to four Inches In length and
an Inch In width.
This punishment was administered
because the m r;ro had cursed and
threatened another convict. Green
testified that he was unable to work
the following day for this he was
strung up to the wall for more than
Vlnlng and rornett Introduced evi?
dence tending to show that the ne?
gro wss given but eight licks "mo 1 -
erste punishment." and that Green
had s good reputation.
Cspt. Vlnlng In 73 years old, and
has served ss superintendent of the
Stockade for fifteen years.
Dillon. Jan. 12.?Left sJftfM by his
dsughter. Who had gone to a nearby
grocery to purchase fo.nl foff supper.
Alfred Stackhouse, sn aged neuro,
living In the suburbs of town, was
burned to death at an early hour
yesterday evening by | lire that l
stroyed his home
T*ils year's prise (6,000 francs) In
the gift of the Academle Go neon rt
has bleu au irded after three ballots
to the brothers Marius and Ary 1a>
blond for their romance. "Kn
France." which deals with Kreuch
colonial HIS, This subject It ?n.
rhlch the brother* have treat, d In
?veral of their novels
Many s noble young Idea has been
thumped to death on a typewriter.
COTTON GOES DOWN.
HM 0OIXAP8E rw the
Nothing in (iciHTttl Trade Conditions
To Act-omit for \lnio*t 1'iipiecc
dcnted DfjcMnc in Price*.
N. u York, Jan. 12.?There was a
further big break In tho cotton mar?
ket today, making the third sens -
tlonal slump in prices since the
movement otarted early last week.
Panic stricken longs in all parts of
the world seemed to be liquidating
their cotton, regardloss of prices,
and the action of the market showed
such Intense demoralization as find
a parallel only in the series of sen?
sational movements following the
collapse of the Sully boom.
For more than a year the cotton
market has been steadily advancing
and toward the end of I ast month
prices had reached a level which,
since the Civil war, had only been
equaled when Sully was at the height
of his fame, March contracts selling
at 16.17 and May at 16.46. But at
the culminating point of today's de?
cline March contracts sold at 14.CO
and May at 14.78, a loss from the
high record of from $7.85 to $8.40
per bale, almost all of which has oc?
curred during the past week. Tha
declines from the c'osing prices of
last -night amounted to more than
$3.50 per bale.
There does not appear to have
been any change in general trade
conditions to warrant the almost un?
precedented slump in prices.
It is apparent that one after an?
other of the big bull cliques which
had been organized Independently
during the progress of the big bull
market have been liquidating. Pos?
sibly the selling movement waa ori?
ginally due to an effort to obtain
profits on long lines, owing to the
approach of the new plan ling seafeon
and expectations of a greatly in?
creased arra, while the absence of
any speculative short Interest left
the market with very little support.
It was reported that spinners
were buying more freely in the
South and late advices from the
leading Southern spot markets show?
ed no material weakness.
New Orleans Market Feels Decline.
New Orleans. Jan. 12.?Owing to
the failure of Liverpool to respond
to the advance In American markets
yesterday, there was another sensa?
tional decline in the price of cotton
on the local exchange this morning,
Initial prices being 46 to 47 points
lower than the close yesterday on old
crop positions, or a loss of about
$2.50 a bale. May was the weakest
month showing the heaviest liquida?
tion by longs. Following the open?
ing decline, there was a recovery of
23 to 25 points followed by another
easing off period.
Before noon tho bears hammered
the March option down to 14.77, a
net loss of about $3.50 a bale.
A rumor from New York became
current that a well-known speculat?
or prominently identified with the
bull movement had ordered his
broken to unload.
POSTOFFICE DEFICIENCY LESS.
Decrease Of More Than One-Third
Deported By Auditor.
Washington, Jan. 12.?A decrease
of more than one-third in the de?
ficiency of the postofflce department
Is shown for the quarter ended Sep?
tember 30, 1909, as compared with
the corresponding quarter of the
previous year. As the deficiency for
the entire fiscal year ended June 30
last was approximately $17,000,000,
the saving for the first quarter of
this year Is highly gratifying to the
The figures are contained th?*
quarterly financial statement of
Merrltt o. Chance, auditor for the
Postofflce Department, to the Secre?
tary of the Treasury and to the
rosjfmHT'floq ral. The report
shows also a large Increase In the
volume of postal card and money or?
der business as compared with the
corresponding quarter of one year
II Is Indicated by the report that
th?> average dully cost of the entire
postal service Is a little more than
$620,000 while ?he revenues of th'^
?i. p irtment are about 1181,000 ?
day. The dec re ase of the dellcb m y
for the quarter, as compared with
the same quarter last year, was from
I9.6S7.S18 to $6,183,597. The total
value of domestic monoy orders Is
JtlSd amounted to |ltO,7lt,OIS.OBi
while the 698.164 Incoming Interna?
tional OfdOfl totaled but $2,102,18 5.
U, The balance of |ll,l70,l96.94
against the 1'nltod States is more
than 25 per cent, In excels of the
bolonos for the same quarter of the
Dr. Dftnlol Ki Pooraono, who has
already given away $4,000,000 bus
decided to part with his last million
before the 14th of next April, when
he expects to celebrate iis nln< tit th
TIC SEMIMOLE TRIAL
TRIAL or GARLINGTON HAS
BEEN COM 31 ENCED.
\\. \. Clark, President of the Caro?
lins National Bank Was tbe Pirat
Columbia. Jan, l?.?The Court of
Osnsral sessions of Rlchland county
is now sngagsd with the trial of the
first of the Bemlnole casts end when
court adjourned yesterday afternoon
John v. Qarllngton end Jas. stobo
Young?charged with "conspiracy,
breach of trust with fraudulent in?
tent and larceny"?had been arraign?
ed, pleaded not guilty and the exami?
nation of one witness entered into.
The case is expected to be well fill?
ed with legal complications and the
first day's proceedings indicated that
several days will be needed to com
plete the trial of the case. The first
day spent with the case was followed
with the closest Interest by a large
audience. In this crowd of specta?
tors were many of the leading law?
yers of South Carolina, who are in
Columbia for the General Assembly.
Some of them spent a large portion
of the day In the court room.
As a matter of fact the case has
more interest for the State at large
than it has locally, for there were few
Feminole subscribers in Columbia.
The announcement that the State
was ready in the case of John Y.
Garlington and James Stobo Young
was made at 10:30 o'clock. In a
few minutes after this announcement
the two defendants and their counsel
entered the court room. The de?
fense is represented by G. Duncan
Bellinger, Christie Benet and R. E.
Carwile of Columbia, and Dial &
Todd of Laurens. Solicitor W. H.
Cobb, appearing for the State, Is as?
sisted by J. W. Thurmond of Edge
Meld, a former solicitor.
The case was entered into by the
motion of Mr. Bellinger of counsel
for the defense to quash the Indict?
ment on a number of legal grounds
that he entered into with an argu?
ment to the court. The motion to
quash the indictment was answered
by Mr. Thurmond for the State.
Judge Prince overruled the demurrer
and ordered the defendants arraign?
ed. This was done and the work of
securing a jury was commenced.
Dr. W. M. McPheeters, dean of the
Columbia Theological seminary, was
the first juror summoned to the
book He was excused. The defense
entered objection to 18 jurymen,
while the State excused five. Five
jurymen were sworn on their voir
dire and two of the number were ex?
cused b> the court on the ground
that they had formed opinions as to
the guilt or innocence of the defend?
ants that would not be changed by
Before the work of selecting a jury
was commenced, Judge Prince re?
quested that any member of the ve?
nire who held stock in either the
Carolina Agency Company or the
Semlnole Securities Company, or were
related to those who did hold stock
in either company, would so state
and he would be excused. Xo re?
sponse was made to the court's an?
The Jury as drawn consists of: A.
C. Kinard, foreman; Geo. B. Reeves.
G. M. Dickart. T. E. Shealey, J. S.
Bowers, J. H. Haithcock. E. J. Vin?
cent, H. F. Bruns. Wade A. Le
Grand, Chr.s. Grlmsley, O. T. Ready,
W. D. Jordan.
The work of drawing ;he jury con?
sumed the morning's session and
when the noon recess was taken
Judge Prince notified the jurymen
that they would be "the guests of
the county" until the trial is conclud?
ed. He impressed upon them the
reasons for this unpleasant necessity
and allowed the jurymen to ro to the
telephone and inform their tamiliee
of their enforced absence Thi? jury
will be kept together until tha trial
t-> finished) and will not be allowed
to hold intercourse with the outside
world or to read the newspapers.
When the hour prrlved for re?es^,
the question arose of what disposal
would be made of the defendants.
Counsel for the defense requested
that they be allowed to give addlonal
bond for their appearance during the
trial, their bond for *.h appearance
at this session, being no longer in
force as the trial had been begun.
Judge Prince said he knew of no
such law and counsel for the defense
stated that it had frequently been
done In the Rlchland county court
house, citing the Blair and Bellen
cases. Xo agreement was reached
before the midday adjournment and
, the defendants dined In the court
house in the custody of the sheriff.
At the adjournment for the day. how?
ever, another bond was prepared and
signed and the two defendants will
not be committed to jail during the
trial <?f their case.
There was but one witness yester
day, w. a ciark. president of the
Carolins .National Bank. He testi
Aed that for no cash payment Gar?
lington had received $T.'..000 in stock
In the Carolina Agency Company,
and that said stock was to be held
In trust. But later Garlington used
this $75,000 of trust stock to get as
Another load of stock will arrive Friday 14th. Our buyer knows the trade, knows
the kind our farmers want and will buy them if they can be had. Come and see them
Saturday or the early part of next week.
Carriages, Surries, Buggies, Wagons and Harness.
We have a large assortment of these Vehicles on hand whicri we are offering at re?
duced prices in order to turn the goods into cash, and at the sarr.e time make room for
Spring goods. Don't take our word for it, but come and see for yourself.
We have a fine assortment ot "Oliver Plows" on hand and more coming in. None
better than the "Oliver"?few as good. Ask your neighbor who is using them.
Stalk Cutting season is on, better let us sell you ? "McKay" Cutter. We have a few
of them left. If you have not seen a McKay, come look at them, see fyow they are put up,
and you will wonder how we can sell them so cheap.
Just received a lot of Corn Planters which we are going to offer to our customers at
a very small margin of profit, in order to build up trade along this line.
Th? S. M. PIERSON COMPANY,
! 115-117-119 EAST HAMPTON AVENUE.
SUMTER, - - - S. C.
sets in the Semlnole Securities Com?
pany. Other methods of high finance
COTTON MARKET STEADIER.
Early Excitement Subsided as Day
Wore on?Liquidation Necessitated
By Monday's Drop Produced Break
?Market Closed Higher.
Xew York, Jan. 11.?Yesterday's
sensational break in the cotton mar?
ket was followed today by continued
excitement and very erratic fluctua?
tions at the reopening of busir s,
The calls for additional margins in
consequence of yesterday's sudden
decline of nearly $5 per bale in
prices had brought in a perfect
avalanche of selling orders from out
of town, and after opening from 10
to 18 points higher, owing to the
relatively Arm Liverpool cables, the
active months broke about 20 points
in less than that number of minutes,
with March selling at 15.OS and May
at 15.29, the latter month being a
shade under the lowest point reached
Southern news indicated that pri?
mary holders of spot cotton were not
following the decline in futures and
this feature of the situation, com?
bined with the better showing of the
Liverpool market, was an encourage?
ment to remaining bulls.
After the first burst of forced liq?
uidation, consequently, the market
rallied on covering and a renewal of
bull support, with March selling up
to 15.30 and May to 15.52, or about
11 per bale from the lowest. Fluctu?
ation! were very Irregular during the
middle of the day. but the rallying
tendency which developed right alter
the early break continued until
March contract! sold at 15.46 and
May at 15.66, or 34 to 4S points
above the low prices of the morning.
A fresh burst of liquidation caused a
bieak of about 20 points from this
level, but generally speaking trading
was less active, with seller* less ur?
gent, and while the market was ex?
tremely nervous in the late trading,
the close was steady at a gain of 13
to 19 points for the day. with March
closing at 15.30 and May at 15.50,
or 21 to 24 points above the low
I price of the movement.
Arthur Oilman, of Cambridge.
Mass.. who died at Atlantic CUy, was
seventy-two years old the founder of
the Harvard Annex, now known as
Kadeliffe College, and the author Of
I numerous historical works. He wai
j born at Alton, [11., in 1817, and was
' the son of Winthrop Sargent Oilman.
CITY COUNCIL MEETING.
Put Up to Police Committee to En?
force Sewerage Ordinance?Salary
Of City Engineer Increased to
HMO Other Matters.
City Council held a regular meet?
ing at 8 p. m. Tuesday, Jan. 11
with Mayor Boyle, Aldermen Stubbs,
Finn, Barnett, Bultman, Ligon and
Wright present. In the absence of
Clerk Hurst Alderman Wright acted
Supt. S. H. Edmunds appeared be?
fore council and stated that the State
Fire Commissioner had inspected the
city schools a few days ago and had
informed him that the Washington
street and Lincoln schools buildings
should have fire escap-?u and fire ex?
tinguishers. On motion Supt. Ed?
munds and the fire department com?
mittee were authorized to investigate
with power to act.
The request of Rev. J. M. McCoy
that a hydrant be placed at corner
of Main and Walsh streets was re?
ferred to Water Commission.
Chairman Ligon of the Police
Committee reported that Policeman
W. G. Pierson had resigned, but at
present it is not necessary that the
place be filled.
Mr. Finn reported that the steam
fire engine had arrived, had been
tested and found satisfactory. Mr.
Stubbs moved that the engine be ac?
cepted, under the contract, and it
was so ordered. Mr. Finn reported
that he had insured the engine,
which is now kept at Booth-Harhy
stables, for $5,000. It was ordered
that the insurance be reduced to $3,
000 or $3,500 and that the Fire
Committee secure some suitable
plat" to store the engine until the
lire engine house is completed.
Mr. Ligon moved that the case
against Officer Weeks be reported to
the Recorder, with instructions that
if same is repeated, lie he dismissed
from the force.
Mr. Finn suggested that pipes for
f;as. sewerage or other purposes be
laid by prpperty owners at once,
where tame will pass under tin ce?
ment sidewalk, as after the work i
done it will be difficult to lay pipe
without damaging sidewalks.
Mr. Finn suggested that the re?
moval of tre.-s on Main Street which
arc in the way of the sidewalks to be
laid be referred to the Tree and Park
A U tter from the Board of Health
calling attention to the failure of
many property owners to connect
with sewerage system was read. The
matter was referred to the Police
Committee, with power to take such
steps as will cause all connections
with the sewere to be made at once.
Mr. Wright staed that Mr. W. L,
Lee, city engineer had been offered
a salarv of $200 per month, which by
its a ceptance would take him away
fvom Sumter, and that unless Coun?
cil would raise his salary to $150,
which is $50 per month less than he
is offered, that, in justice to himself
he would have to resign as city en?
gineer and accept the offer which
had been made him. His salary was
ordered increased to $150 per month
from January 1st, with the under?
standing that thes office of building
inspector be added to his duties.
Mr. Lee stated that he had meas?
ured the sidewalks on Liberty street
and that there were 500 square yards
to be built. Mr. Finn moved that
the work be Included in contract
with Mr.#McGhee who has the con?
tract for the sidewalks on Main
street, and it was so ordered.
Bids for building fire house were
opened as follows:
J. W. McKeiver, $7,300; C. F.
Schwerin. $4.475; D. P. Kelly, $5,
200 and $60 extra for plumbing.
Mr. Kelly's bid was accepted and
the clerk was instructed to notify
him to furnish bond and begin work
Council then adjourned.
Gtoorsje Wilson, white, was arrested
at Bcranton Tuesday, and lodged in
the Florence jail on the charge of
robbing the depot at EfTingham Sun?
Major Sylvester. Washington's
chief of police, has made "a wise
and timely suggestion" that the
horde of guides in the capital be
subjected to examination as to their
fitness and be compelled to pay a
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, Mrs.
Clarence Maekay and Mrs. William
It. Ivtni are the loaders In the move?
ment to organize a permanent wo?
man suffrage party In New York. A
leader ?s to be elected for each as?
sembly district and these leaders are
to appoint a captain in each election
The Countess Rathurst is the onlv
woman in England who owns a dailv
newspaper. She Is the sole surviving
child of tli** late Lord Glenesk, pro?
prietor of The Morning Post, who
died the other day. The Morning
Post is one of the oldest established
London dailies with a character and
a clientele quite its own.