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SOUTH S GREAT FUTURE.
DR. SKA MAN A. KNAPP SPEAKS
TO NORTH CAROLINIANS.
Advise* Reclamation Work?Stresses
Importance of Drainage and Irri?
gation as Wealth-Producing Fac?
tors la Agriculture*
Charlotte. N. C, Jan. 11.?"Men
of North Carolina, do you realise
what a wondsrful Stats you have?"
?xclalmed Dr. Seaman A. Knapp In
addressing a gathering of farmers
here today. This address was in con?
nection with his lecture tour through
the Southeastern State?, which he Is
conducting in conjunction with the
efforts made by the Southern railroad
to attract settlers along Its lines. Dr.
Knapp, whose work In the Depart?
ment of Agriculture has attracted
wide attention, then unfolded a plan
for the development of agriculture In
North Carolina, that seemed almost
lilts a story from the Arabian Nights.
Both drainage and irrigation were
prominent theme* of the speaker.
The total area of the State, he said,
waa 81,191.000 acres, while the culti?
vated area was only 5,769,954 acres.
The number of acres requiring drain?
age was 1.748,110, or nearly one-half
of the total area cultivated at the
"Let us take a little Inventory of
oar estate," suggested the scientist.
"Over one-half is timber, but mostly
poor timber. A great deal of the best
timber has been selected and cold
tor a trifling amount. One-fourth of
the land Is Improved. One-sixth is
cultivated. That la one-sixth of the
entire area must pay the taxes on
the five-sixths and support your en?
Although North Carolina has an
unusually good rainfall and mainly
evenly distributed, at the same time
there are seasons of ths year, he said,
when certain crops would do a great
deal better if there was a little more
For that reason. Irrigation would
he extremely valuable In the Old
North State. He advised following
the plan adopted by soms of the
Western States by which the main
cost of dralnags works would be as?
sessed to ths adjacent lands, because
each lands reap the Immediate bene
4t These lands, he said, once prop?
ped* drained would be worth from
to $100 an acre. They would be
excellent for r?ce and for truck farm?
"I apprehend also/' added the doc?
tor, "that In North Carolina tiie.mn^
fag of the reservoirs in the moun?
tains, the widowing of the smuM i
etraaias to prevent silt, and the dam
?hing of the rivers, where necessary,
to secure waterfall, could create suf?
ficient power for all the purposes of i
tho State?heating, lighting, trans?
portation and manufactures. That is <
a strong statement, but I think It Is ]
Dr. Knapp declared that In the
vrVttern region of the state If the
reaerV Mrs were made end the steep
hillsides reforested, a remarkable re?
gion for the growth of fruit would
A variety of crop* relating to gen?
eral farming could be raised.
"Practically." he said, "you are
using about v.ne-stxth of your Stats
and you are getting about one-third
of the crop out of the one-sixth, or
only one-eighteenth of the crop you
ought to get. and you are trying to
get rich by using one-eighteenth of
Summing up the character of work
to be done for the development of
the State. Dr. Kapp continued:
"Thus equipped North Carolina
would become one of the greatest
producing States and one of the
greatest manufacturing States of the
Union. It would be possible, under
such conditions, to produce $1,000.
000,000 worth of products upon the
farms and $1,000,000,000 from fac?
tories In a single year and support a
population of 10,000,000 people."
Catarrh Cannot he Cured
with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as
they cannot reach the seat of the
disease. Cstarrh Is a blood or con?
stitutional disease, and in order to
eure it you must take Internal reme?
dies. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken
Internally, and acts directly on the
blood and mucous surfsces. Hall's
Catarrh Cure Is not a quack medi?
cine. It was prescribed by one of
the best physicians In this country
for years and Is a regular prescrip?
tion It la composed of the best ton?
ics V nown, combined with the best
blood purifiers, acting directly on
the mucous surfaces. Tho perfect
combination of the two lagftiUsnU
Is what produces such wonderful ic
sults in curing Catarrh. Send for
F. J. CHENEY A CO., Props.
Sold by DrUggftstB, price 7.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con?
Mrs. Kady C. Hrowncll Is the only
regularly enlisted wonun In t he
l ulled States. She Joined In the
lllfle Ouards, of Providence, lt. I.,
by a spec'al permit from (lov. gafft?
gue. and and. with her husband,
went to the front In 1861. Roth hus?
band and wife were In the Rattle of
Bull Run and Mrs. Urownell was
NRW TOBACCO COMPANY.
Fifty Million Dollar Company to
Manufacture Hurley Society's Hold"
ings Now Is Forming.
Lexington, Ky., Jan. 11.?That a
fifty million dollar tobacco manufac?
turing concern to take over the en?
tire holdings of the Burley Tobacco
Society is to be formed by Thos. W.
Lawson of Boston and his associates
was announced today by W. W.
Davis of Louisville, Lawson's attor?
Lawson today left for the East af?
ter a series of conferences with exe?
cutive officers of the Burley Society.
Mr. Davis said that a deal for the
formation of the Lawson corporation
to take over the Burley holdings
amounting to 118,000,000 pounds,
had been virtually agreed upon. He
declared that memoranda covering
all details had been left with the
Burley Society's attorney and that it
was expected that the deal with the
society would be formally closed at
a meeting to be held within a few
Officers of the Burlay Tobacco So?
ciety refused to confirm or deny the
statement. An authorized statement
given out by the Burley officers to?
"Mr. ?Lawson will make his own
statement In regard to the plans of
the proposed new company. The
Burley Tobacco 8ocloty will have
nothing to say upon the matter."
RAILROADS DESIRE COMPRO?
Conferences at Washington Over the
Washington, Jan. l:.,?Having for
their object the establishment of
lome basis of understanding upon
which a settlement of the govern?
ment's suit for the' dissolution of the
so-called Harrlmen lines a number
>f conferences between officials of
the railways and of the government
sill probably be held during the
next few days. The first of such con?
ferences was held yesterday, and
President Taft was among the con?
The government's suit is pending
under the Sherman anti-trust law. It
s understood the Harrlman lines de
lire to effect a settlement without
laving the courts adjudicate the
;ase. President Taft is understood
:o be awaiting revelation of the rail
?oad's fturpee* n? to compliance with
the law before Inmeatlng wnat his
position Vtt) be.
Judge Robert s. Lovett, Pr?sident
?f the Uni? n Pacific, former iannloi
lohn C. Spooner, and Maxwell Ev
irts, attorneys for the Harrlman
Ines; Attorney General WTckersham
ind Frank B. Kellogg, special attor?
ney for the United States In the case
igalnst the railroads, will he partici?
pants In the conferences. ?
Cotton For Future Delivery.
Tou may have seen one or score of
ny articles In the FarmersT Union
lun advocating the farmers. 8011107
isxt crop deffveiies of cotton at pres?
ent quotations for the next fail end
vlnter months, and as It Is a subject
>f great Interest to growers of cotton,
ind there Iis a diversity of opinion
imong farmers to the expediency
ind policy of doing this, I thought
hat I would send you an article for
publication on the subject.
It seems to me that only good re?
mits can eome to us cotton growers
f we should sell to the mills, specu
ators or whoever else might' wish to
?uy three or four million bales of the
;rop of 1910 around 14 cents for Oe?
lber delivery, thereby making that
price the minimum figure for the
next crop. No matter who bought
this cotton, they would necessarily
become deeply Interested In keeping
the price up to that mark until they
could dispose of It; hence, for every
bear In the cotton market one would
have a bull pulling for 14 cents cot?
ton. Some say that farmers should
not speculate and gamble. But I do
not call this speculation, at least, not
on the part of the farmers. In their
part I call It legitimate business.
Eight cents will cover the expense
of growing cotton and putting it on
the market, and It seems to me that
to sell a thing at 14 cents that one
can produce at eight cents, Is sound
business and not speculation! Bath?
er, would It be speculation to sit
quiet and wait for a price to he fixed
I throw this out by way of sugges?
tion, If there is any l\a\v in th
argument $1 would like to have It
Ihirnwell, S. C.
Il'i never loo late lo mend unlesi
It Is too late.
Simple Remedy for haGrlppO,
?LaGrlppe coughs are dangerous,
as they frequently develop Into pneu"
monhv Foley's Honey and Tar not
only stops the cough, but heals and
strengthens the lungs so that no se?
rious results need be feared. The
genuine Foley's Honey and Tar con?
tains no harmful drugs and Is in a
yellow package. Slbert's Drug Store.
SHADOW OF BIG SUCK.
PINCHOT AFFAIR MAY BRING
ROOSEVELT HACK IXTO ARENA.
Keen-Eyed Observers See a Political
Storm Brewing That Is Likely to
Split the Republican Party and
Make the Rough Rider a Candi?
date In 1012?Former Forester to
Force the Fighting.
Washington, Jan. 9.?Political
warnings indicating dangerous condi?
tions all over the country were prom?
inently displayed from the White
Hou.se and the Capitol here today.
The flag that floats over the former
showing when a President is in
Washington was there as usual, but
with it and those on the Capitol
dome, keen-eyed politicians, saw
floating a red one with a black cen?
tre. When this sign is seen it Indi?
cates that a storm of marked vio?
lence Is expected.
The Balllnger-Pinchot controversy
and the sudden and unexpected de?
velopments of the last few days
threaten at this time to cause such
a political storm as the country has
not seen in years. At the V te
House, the Capitol, In the leading ho?
tels and in many private homes con?
ferences were held, but no one will
at this time even hazard a guess M
to what , the developments of the
next few days may be. Aside from
the personality of both Balllnger and
Plnchot, and from the question of
which of them may be right wltn re?
gard to the country's conservation
policies, the fact stands out first and
foremost that an issue cannot be
avoided, which, In the opinion of
many persons, will bring former
President Roosevelt back 'nio the
political arena as the Republican
candidate for President in 1912. This
being the case that party would be
split from Maine to California, and
the tremendous vote of the Western
States would be swung in line for the
candidate of the Democratic part'/.
It Is realized here that this is a
fight which will unduobtedly last for
a lone time and be far reachintr In
Its political results.
A W ashington paper prints the fol?
lowing story this evening:
"There is the keenest interest In
the part Senator Dolliver is to play.
The senator has for a year past been
utterly at outs with the senat* lead?
ership. Indeed, he Is easily tho most
nnpopular man in the upper cham?
ber with the dominant forces of that
?ody. It Is understood that Senator
ATdrlch has personally taken charge
>f the arrangements for the In vest!
gatff-n, knows whom he wants on the
committee and hew the work Is to he
done. The relations between the
Rhode Islander and the serrfor sena?
tor from Iowa became so sadly strain?
ed during the tariff session that the
prospect of another duel of wits and
finesse between these two has added
vastly to the interest in the- coming
encounter from what might he called
the sporting standpoint.
? Wltn Mr. PlnChot out* of the pub?
lic service, he Is free to employ
means and go to extreme? which
would have been impossible had he
remained In office. If he f& denred
the opportunity to present tfte fullest
possible case, or if technicalities of
procedure are Invoked against him,
the appeal will be made to public
sympathy by his supporters.'*
COTTON STILL DECLINES.
Violent Changes In Pricew Occurred,
Despite Decrease in Activity?
Close Weak and Lower.
New Tork, Jan. 13..?While busi?
ness was much less active, today's
cotton market showed1 continued ex?
citement and there were violent fluc?
tuations In prices.
An early decline of from 17 to 23
points, which carrhad May to a new
tow level for the movement was fol?
lowed by an advance of from 30 to
31 points on covering and reports of
a better demand from spinners, but
fresh bear raids in the later trading
brought out new liquidation for stop
loss orders and just before the close
March cotton sold at 14.62 and May
at 14.74 or 21 to 24 points net lower
and 34 to 40 points, practically $2
per bale, below the best prices of the
The close was weak, without any
recovery in prices for the active
months and at a decline of 10 to 30
points as compared with yesterday's
Mr. Rockefeller ami Mi-. Carnegie
are both making unprecede nted re"
eonls. but at the end of 1909 Mr.
Rockefeller had given away $ l s i. -
760,148, as against Mr. Carnegie's
|16S,000,000. Together they have
distributed in the form of free gifts
"Foley's Kidney Remedy will cure
any ease of kidney or bladder trouble
that is not beyond the reach of med?
icine It Invigorates the entire sys?
tem ami strengthens the kidneys so
tiny eliminate the impurities from
the blood, Backache, rheumatism,
kidney and bladder troubles are all
cured by this great medicine. Tom
mencc taking at once and avoid
Itrlght's Disease and Diabetes. Sl
bert's Drug Store.
GOOD PROGRESS EN TICK ERAD?
Over Eighty Thousand Square Miles
Freed From Ticks and Released
From Quarantine. I
Continued progress was made dur?
ing 1909 in the campaign being wag?
ed jointly by the Federal and State
authorities and Individual cattle own?
ers for the extermination of the ticks
which spread the disease known as
Texas or tick fever of cattle in the
South. An order issued by the Sec?
retary of Agriculture on December 2,
1909, and effective December 6, 1909,
j released from quarantine areas
amounting to 9,266 square miles, and
j 13,544 square miles were released
last spring, making a total of 22,810
square miles released during the past
year as a* result of having been freed
The total territory released from
Federal quarantine since the begin?
ning of the work of tick eradication
three and a half years ago amounts
to more than 80,000 square miles, as
follows, by States:
North Carolina. 10,199
South Carolina. 2,673
The large area in California as
compared with the other States Is
due to the fact that in that area the
number of ticks was comparatively
small. Operations in that State,
therefore, have yielded much larger
proportionate results than in other
sections where the ticks were mrrch
The policy of the United States De?
partment of Agriculture Is to wortc
only In States and localities where
the State and locai airthorities are
prepared to assist and where p'ib?or
sentiment is favorable. Congress has
appropriated $250,000 for the Fed?
eral work during the current fiscal
year, and appropriations by States
and associations Increase the total ;
sum available for the year's work to
"There is no longer any doubt that
It is entirely practicable fa extermi?
nate the ticks throughout the entire
region now infested by them," says
Dr. A. D. Melvih, chief of the United
States Bureau of Animal Industry,
who is In charge of the Federal work.
In his annual report to the Secretary
of Agriculture, "and the accomplish?
ment of this result will be of tremen?
dous economic advantage not only to
the South but to the whole^ country.
The rate of progress depemftr main?
ly on two factors?the amounts ap?
propriated by trie Federal and State
governments, and the co-opearation of
The territory released from quar
ant'ne by the recent order of the Sec?
retary of AgrHrnlture, effective De?
cember 6, is a? follows: In Texas,
Scurry County; In Oklahoma, Har?
mon County, ?stat portlbrr of Greer
County west of the Kansas City, Mex?
ico and Orient4 Railway, tmtt portton?
of Caddo County north of the Man
gum branch of the Chicago, Rock Is?
land and PacitTc Railway, and the re
matndeiL of Canadian County; in Ar?
kansas, the counties of Mississippi
and Polnsett; In Tennessee. Warron
County and the remainders of Pat
nam and' Dekalb counties; in South
Carolina, trre counties of Oconee,
Plckens, Greenville and* Andersorr; in
Virginia, Lunenberg and Mecklen?
burg countries and Brufron distract of
?Chamberlain's Cowgh Remedy is
a very valuable medicine for throat
and lung troubles, quickly relieves
and cures painful breathing* and a
dangerously soundimg cough which
indicates congested lungs. Sold by
W. vT. Slbert.
Svandle Is tho tattle of fools who
judge other people by themselves.
?Chamberlabn's Cough Remedy
never disappoints those who use it
for obstinate coughs, colds and Ir?
ritations of the throat and lungs. It
stands unrivalled as a remedy for all
throat and lung diseases. Sold by
\V. W. Sibert.
Moth-eaten jokes of a CroeaUS
never fail to produce a laugh.
Making Lifo Safer.
Everywhere life is bring made more
safe through ths work of Dr. King's
New Life Pills In Constipation, Bil
Uousness, Dyspepsia. Indigestion, Liv?
er troubles. Kidney Diseases and
Bowel Disorders. They're easy, but
sure, and perfectly build up the
health. 25o at Slbert's Drug store.
After saying that you intend to
do a thing, do it.
A Wretched Mistake
to endure the Itching, painful dis?
tress of Piles, There's no nerd to.
Listen: "I suffered much from
Pili s," writes Will A. Marsh, of Sli?
er City, N. C, "till I got :? box Of
Bucklen's Arnica Salve, ami was
soon cured." Burns, Boils, Ulcers,
Fever Sores EScxemn, Cuts, Chapped
Hands. Chilblains, vanish before it.
25c, at Slbert's Drug Store.
Even a rieh uirl may make B
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
ting UieSioraadB and Buwelsi
0 pirn .Morphine nor MiaeraL
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have
Aperfecf Remedy for Consflp*
tlon, Sour Stomsrii.Diarrtai
Worms .CoirvTilstcn? JcvErisIr
ness and Lo ss of Sleep.
FacSiro?e Sujnartre of
Atb months old
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
Tw* ?tut? ?oh pan v. new von? cm.
WANT A WINDOW?
sabh or blind, a door or a dozen, or
a hundred of 'em? No better place
te get them for miles around than
right here. We have the goods at
tmvinp prices and can deliver them
quAckly and correctly. This is a de
p*?t for such building materials. We
have a 'phone and we want your or?
The Sumter Bear, Sash & Blind Fictirj,
J. W. McKeiver
Birnie s Drug Store,
6 W. Liberty St: Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES IAND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES .
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
The Farmers* Bank and Trust Co.,
Wants 700 good farm accounts in addition to
its present patronage, during the year 1910.
The farmer who borrows money from the bank
and pays cash for his supplies, should soon
have monev to lend.
Time to Retrench
After the Holiday festivities. The extra ex?
pense incident] to this season of good cheer
thrusts upon you the realization that you must
spend less?that you ought to save a part of
Open a Savings Account at this Bank. It will help,
4 per cent interest allowed on Savings.
l? Bank of Sumter.