Newspaper Page Text
*|k (f?laitbman nn? jwutkwii
WEDNESOAY, JANUARY 19 I9l0.
Tb? Samter Watchman wie found
t!f in 1850 and the True Soi.thron in
lift. The Watchman and Southron
now has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
ltd Is manifestly the best advertising
?sodium In 8umter.
THE CliEMSON REPORT.
The report of the Legislative com?
ilttee on conditions at Clemson Col?
in which Is embodied a letter
from former President Meli, lays
bare the secret of the trouble that
has prevented the growth and devel?
opment of the college to the full
measure of Its opportunity. For sev?
eral y-uirs It has been vaguely hinted
that Clemson was suffering from too
much trusteetim In general and too
much Simpson In particular, as well
as the need of a strong and compe?
tent executive In the presidency. This
committee's report and President
Moll's letter Indicate quite conclu?
sively that this suspicion was correct.
There has been, without doubt, too
much Interference by the trustees
and entirely tco much assumption of
authority by Col. Simpson. It Is also
quite as apparent that if Dr. Meli had
been the man Clemson needs at the
helm he would never have submitted
so long to conditions, which, by his
own account, were Intolerable to a
man having a proper respect for
h<mself and the office he occupied.
Dr. Meli proves his unfltness for the
preeldency of Clemeon when he con?
fesses that he submitted to the hu?
miliating conditions Imposed by some
of the trustees. He should have
either demanded and enforced a
change In the conduct of affairs, or
*fwt out In short order. The fact that
he did not demand and receive from
the '.rostees the confidence and re?
spect hie office entitled him to and
that he acquleeced in the relegation
of himself to the position of a subor?
dinate and was president In name
only, sapped h<s Influence und robbed
his office of dignity and authority.
We believe, however, that Dr. Meli
has drawn a true picture of condi?
tions at Clemson and we believe, also,
thi.t he hae diagnosed the case and
prescribed the remedy with exact?
ness). The fact that he was an Im?
potent and somewhat to be pitied
victim of too much trusteeism and
too much Him; son does not keep him
from seeing conditions clearly or
from knowing the remedy. Dr. Mell's
confession has the stamp of absolute
truthfulness ard it Is so pitiful that
our sympathy goes out to him for
what he has rather abjectly endured
for so many years.
The meeting of citizens, called by
the hotel committee of the Chamber
Of Commerce to consider ways and
means for providing a first-class ho?
tel for Sumter, was held In the City
Council Chamber at 7 p .m. Thurs?
day with between thirty and forty
men present. The committee report*
ed progress, but not sufficient progress
te guarantee the erection of such a
hotel as the city urgently needs. The
amounts tentatively subscribed by a
few public spirited citizens towards
a hundred thoueand dollar hotel com?
pany did not aggregate one fourth
the proposed capital stock and there
appears to be no enthusiastic deetre
to put money tn a hotel on the part
of leading citizens and large property
owners. With a few exceptions, there
seem? to be an epidemic of cold feet
amongst Sumter'? capitalists when
the proposition to put money In a ho?
tel te broached and, taken by an!
large, the movement to Improve hv
tel accommodations Is not flourishing.
Hotels pay In other towns not so
large as Sumter and there la no good
reason why a properly constructed,
wed furnished and well conducted
hotel should not be a paying proposi?
tion here. The people take the wrong
view of the hotel enterprise, and when
It Is built and Is making money for
Its owners many who now need foi.t
warmers will bo trying to get a share
of the good thing, even though they
pay a premium : r It. The hotel en?
terprise Just now seems to be a clam?
my proportion, hut that n onl> a
pasMtng phasr ami the hotel is surt
to be built. th?- 1 Is too great and
the demand for a first class hotel can
not be Ignored or neglected. The ho?
tel Is goli : to bo built and It will
not be long before It is built. Sum?
ter < a pit. i ll-t~< ma\ i-ontlnue to have
?old feet, but llsi opportunity thHt
exists will be utilized by some one
It H pltannl to note that J*r\M
dent Taft heard Tetrazzlnl In "Lucia
dl Ummrrmnor" last night. Every
President ought to study the method*
of those who have Icu n- d hfl * 10
take a high note In t Mad SCOf
Kansas City Star
Now, If Halllnger only hid ihe
grace of resignation?Indianapoll.
All the disagreeable people don't
live on close streets.
All things are full of Ood.?-Cicero.
Farmers' Union News
j Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbe, President Farmers' Union of Suniter
Ti e Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thin* will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o.<r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and J ablished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabhs.
Mayesville. S. C.
NUT BEARING TREES.
Many Speele? of Hickory?Pecan of
Among our nut-bearing trees the
htckcries are perhaps the best
known. They are strictly .North
Ameiican trees?none now grow in
any other part of the world. There
are fourteen known species: One
Mexican, while the other thirteen
grow east of the Rocky mountains.
The State of Indiana boasts of six
species, of which the shagbark or
shellhark is most noted because of
Its nuts and its peculiar bark.
The wood of most species is tough,
stronjr and flexible?especially valu?
able for farm Implements, tool han?
dles, etc. There Is no other kind of
fuel 1hat excels dry hickory for heat
and brilliancy of flame. No other of
our trees bear such valuable nuts:
No finer shade trees are to be found.
But fcecauce of the talue of the wood
for Implements and fuel the finest
trees of the forest have been sacrific?
ed and as a consequence the crop of
wild nuts is decreasing while the
demand is increasing. Nurserymen
are now experimenting to find the
best method of propagating the
trees and improving the varieties. j
The Creek and Algonquin tribes of
Indians made a drink from the
pounded nuts, shells and all, and
called It "powcohlkora." Recent
botanists have adopted the latter part
of the Indian name, with a slight
change (hlckorla) is the name of
the genius which seems very fit?
We scarcely think of the pecan
as a hickory, yet it is the largest of
our hickories. It Is a native of the
Southern and Southeastern counties
of th< State, and grows to perfection
in tho rich, moist soils of the river
bottoms. The wood of the pecan is
hard, brittle, of a. light reddish
browr, and is the least valuable of
all the hickories, except for fuel, and
for its nuts which are collected and
sold In all the markets of the North.
What the pecan Is to the river val?
ley people the shell bark, ehagbark
and mockernut hickories might, with
a little forethought and care, be?
come to the people living on the up?
lands farther north.
The black walnut Is a grand tree,
growing in river bottoms and on
hillsides west from Western Massa
chusettes to Minnesota and south?
ward to Georgia, Florida, Mississippi
and Texas. The trunk is tall and
straight. The branches are stout and
spreading, forming a round-topped
tree when grown In the open.,
The flowers of the walnut are much
like those of the hickory except that
the pistillate flowers, instead of be?
ing yellowish green are of rich red.
The pistils, as in the case of the hick?
ory, divide into two plumy heads.
The* nutriment which nature pro?
vides for baby walnuts and hickories
is stored in the see3 leaves. While
the pollen is flying from the boughs
the forming nut has four communi?
cating chambers In which one em?
bryo plant lives all alone. As the
seed leaves are packed with oils and
starches for the sustenance of the
young tree they swell and stretch
and soon occupy the entire four
roomed apartment. When they have
attained their growth they are lobed
and folded SO as to (it every cranny
of the nutehell In which they He,
This is the reason that the kernel!
?how such Irregular ?urfaoee when
taken from the ?hello?
The family's botanic name, Jug
lans, Is derived from the Jovis gUms
?Jove's nut. Kornau writers applied
this name to the European walnut
on account of the excellence of |tl
nuts. Jove's acorn was the walnut Of
( ommorOOi for curiously enough, It
was this nut. not the fruit of the oak,
which tin- Romans called an acorn.
? Indiana Farmer.
The 1). J. Chandler Clothing CO.
ha v ? ? an advertisement today that is
especially Interesting Note the pikes
quoted on seasonable garments.
Earth's noblest thing, ft woman
COLUMBIA POLITICAL GOSSIP.
Men Who Are Being Slated as Candi?
dates in Next Election.
Cclumbia, Jan. 16.?Thvi gntheiing
In the legislature of a number of
men from every county who are all
more or less Interested and experi?
enced In politics Is always naturally
the time for giving more or 1 de
flnUeness to State politics as to entrtei
for office, and this session pin 1 I ng
a general State primary there Is mon
political talk than usual. Sj3ut
session is only a week old no
much more interesting developnm
are expected a little later on.
Th most important fact, or proba?
bility so strong that it practically
amounts to a fact, in thnt Attorney
General Lyon will not be in the race
for governor. This will cause keen
disappointment among thousands of
loyal friends and admirers, who think
he should hf rewarded with the office
of governor for the long and arduous
work he has done in persuit of the
dispensary grafters, and without
meaning any disrespect toward Mr.
Lyon and his friends it might be
remarked that his absence from the
gubernatorial"race will also he a keen
j disappointment to those who are after
his political scalp, for the whetting of
knives for him has been going on for
many months among those who have
been pinched by his dispensary work
or who are opposed to him for other
reasons. Mr. Lyon has made no
statement as to his intentions, but
the general understanding amon?$
those who seem to be satisfied that
they have the matter sited ap cor?
rectly is that Mr. Lyon does not re
gard his dispensary prosecutions suf?
ficiently complete to warrant his
giving so much time to the campaign,
this summer. He will probably run
for re-election to his present position.
It has been suggested that he be re
served to run against United States
Senator Tillman, and re-election as
attorney general would put him in
position to enter this race, but his
friends say he has no intention of
making the race against Tollman.
Ex-speaker of the house of repre
sentatlves, M. L. Smith has been
spoken of as a likely candidates this
summer for attorney general, but ?t
is likely that he will come baok to
the house Instead and run for speak
er. He will be opposed by M- D. P.
McColl of Marlboro. Both are em
clent and popular and the race will
likely be a close one whether only
these two enter or not.
It Is likely that there will be three
candidates for governor from adjoin
ing counties?Representative John G
Richards, of Kershaw, Lieut. Gov. T
G. McLeod, of Lee, and Richard I.
Manning, of Sumter. Messrs. Man
nlng and McLeod, are positively an
The adjoining counties of New
berry and Laurens in the Piedmont
section, will also certainly have gu?
bernatorial candidates out next sum
mer?Cole L. Blease of Newoerry and
C. C. Featherstone of Laurens.
The prohibitionists are active and
will make a determined fight for
State-widelsm at the present session
and believe they can win. The bill
they w 111 push will be about the same
as that which passed the house last
?essloni with possibly some additions
providing for enforcement of the law
Dispensary Auditor H. B. West, whi
will be leuisl;it d out of office if
Btate-wldelsm prevails, will probably
be offered the position t<> see to th<
enforcement of the prohibition act If
It can be passed. He acted as secre?
tary ot' the recent prohibit! ?n confer
( 111 e.
Owing t'? the change in me hour
of the arrival and departure of mails,
it is not now necessary to keep a
Clerk on duty all nicht at the post
Offloe, and as no mail is received or
delivered after 12 o'clock, midnight,
Until after the day force goes on duty
in the morning, the Postoffice De?
partment has Authorised the discon?
tinuance of the all-night service, and
after notice has been given the night
Clerk will remain on duty until 12
CELKBHATEI) BRITISH STATES
MAX APPEALS TO NATION.
Prom His Red of Sickness Joseph
Chainhlcrlaid Makes a Trumpet
Call to the Country to Rally in Pa
vor of Hll Cherished Policy, Colo
London, Jan 13.?From his Birm?
ingham retreat, on the very eve of
the elections, Joseph Chamberlain
has made a final effort to rally his
countrymen in favor of his cherished
policy?colonial preference. The in?
valid statesman has issued a mani?
festo, addressed to the electors of the
whole country. In It he reiterates
the warnings of the gravity of thi
"I address you," says Mr. Cham?
berlain, "as Britons, as patriots, and
I tell you that It Is not well with the
Pointing out that Great Britain is
losing in the international race by
her persistence In free trade, he con?
"This is a critical and creative
time. You cannot play fast and loose
with your destiny. * * * You have an
opportunity. You will never have It
again. Victories in politics are like
victories In war. They were won by
enthusiasm, lost by timidity. A mis?
take in Imperial policy Is Irretrieva?
Continuing warns the nation
that if th^ : <Uhy binding
the counti > to th< idren who are
?or to beco . ' across
ths as should be weakei de
* ' Irland v oul ri to s
fifth rate T>?\tTnn, exiMh.- mflfer
"Wi f/Ill not havsHlt." h? dclared.
"Let ia It; tb
edy Is at ha v
"Explains * is CO
Ionia] preferenv Mr < ! im Main I
"By a commercial ^ we
pave the way for fedei .
constantly before me as a
object of aspiration that feu
of free nations, which will enable
to prolong In the ages yet to conu
all the glorious traditions of the Brit?
ish race. Never yet In our history
has the great democracy been unpa?
triotic, and I know that the fruition
of our hopes is certain."
This manifesto is hailed by the
Unionist papers as a trumpet call to
the country?one of the finest and
most Impressive things that Joseph
Chamberlain has ever done, and com?
parable to Chatham's last speech in
the House of Lords for dignity and
the pathetic circumstances of its ut?
terance from a sick bed..
Vardaman Like the South Carolinian
When the Latter Entered the Sen?
Washington, Jan. 12.?The upper?
most question in the minds of politi?
cians here at this time Is whether
Governor Vardaman, of Mississippi,
will be able to break the deadlock
now existing in the Legislature of
that State, and come to the Senate of
the United States as the successor of
the late Senator A. J. McLaurin
Discussing this matter and compar?
ing him with Senator Tillman, the
Washington Post says editorially:
"If Governor Vardaman has the
making of another Tillman in his
mental and moral nature, Mississippi
could easily go further and fare
worse than to make him Senator in
Congress. No one who witnessed the
scene will ever forget Ben Tillman s
debut in the Senate. It was the day
he brought his pitchfork into that au?
gust presence and used it.
"The elder statesmen sat aghast,
and they were in full attendance?
Sherman, Morrill, Hoar, Hale, Teller,
Morgan, Lindsay, Cullom, Harris.
Walthall and many others. Fortun?
ately for Tillman, the man he as?
sailed had not half a dozen friends on
the floor; and while the enemies of
Mr. Cleveland would have preferred
that his assailant had employed the
rapier rather than the pitchfork, they
wore content to condone the weapon
because of Its victim.
"But Benjamin R. Tillman has
grown since be has been in the Sen?
ate, and now ranks among its fore?
most figures. He has earned the re?
spect of all and the friendship of
many. By bis industry, his Integrity,
his candor, his blunt expression upon
nil an?i every subject of legislation,
he has proved himself an able, a
vigilant) an incorruptible, a valuable
servant of the people. <>ne case ia
point: He makes butter on bis farm
in South Carolina ami sells it in
Augusta, Ga., hut ho fought the oleo?
margarine bill as did no other Sen?
Many years ago Kentucky was
represented in Congress by a great"
er man than Tillman ' * * > 1?i Ben"
Hardln. Though later a follower of
that great man. Hardln assailed
Henry Clay somewhat after the fash?
ion that Tillman assaulted Cleveland.
John Randolph, or Roanoke, declar?
ed that Hardln was a 'kitchen knife
whetted on a brickbat,' and It would
be difficult to define a more savage
"Vardaman has the same reputa?
tion in Washington circles that?Till
man had when he first entered the
Senate. Let us hope that he is
SUGAR FRAUD PROSECUTION.
Grand Jury Indicts Secretary and
Treasurer of Trust and Returns
More True Bills.
New York, Jan. 14.?One of the
men "higher up" has at last lc">n
named by the Federal grand jury in?
vestigating the sugar frauos. Charles
R. Heike, secretary and treasurer of
the American Sugar Refiining Com?
pany, was indicted today on charges
of conspiracy to defraud and of mak?
ing false entries.
Harry W. Walker, assistant super?
intendent of the Williamsburg docks
of the American company, also was
indicted together with other em?
ployes of the company against whom
Indictments have previously been
In the new indictment Heike and
Walker are accused with Ernest W.
Gerbracht. formerly general superin?
tendent of the Williamsburg refinery;
James F. Bendernagel, former cash?
ier; Jean M. Voelker and James F.
Halligen, checkers, of making false
entries regarding four cargoes of su?
gar at the customs house. The de?
fendants are further accused of hav?
ing conspired with Oliver Spitzer and
the four checkers, recently sentenced
to Blackwell's Island, to defraud the
government by the underweighing of
sugar. When the indictment was
handed up in the United States cir
?lt court before; Judge Hough, Spo
ci, Prosecutor Felix Frankfurter
hat the issuance of bench
-^s no~ necessary as all the
? are at present un?
fit '^arges. It is ex
pectc Walker will
s :-rende: thetns* 1 es to the court to
The neej in?. ment < six
counts?four of efl tins false entry
and iv. oi consplru- . ler
first .?>?-},uacy et-nnt is ovc.t -..cts
are charged |gainst the vari
Under u, f tin its it 's charg
ed that Chai. k Ju.U
29, 1907, in pursuance pf the con?
spiracy, indorse a check for 11,111
drawn on the assistant t*
the United States disbursing agent of
the collector's office to the order el
the American Sugar Refining fioi l
pany, this sum being alleged to be tht
excess of deposits of duty while in
truth it was a portion of the duties
lawfully due the United States.
A second similar charge is made
against Heike with regard to a check
The United States district attorney
said tonight that the government had
no present intention of instituting
suit against the American Sugar Re?
fining Company under the Sherman
STEAMER GOES AGROUND.
Merchants' and Miners' Liner Chat?
ham Wrecked While en Route to
Jacksonville. Fla., Jan. 14.?The
Merchants' and Miners' company's
steamer Chatham, Capt. Freeman,
from Baltimore, which sailed for
Jacksonville with 38 first class pas?
sengers, went atihore on the north
Jetty, at the entrance of the St.
John's river, at B o'clock this morn?
ing and will be abandoned as a hope?
less wreck. Jus: what caused the
accident has not. yet been learned,
but the Clyde liner Mohawk with
about 100 passengers aboard from
New York, was following close be?
hind the Chatham when she went on
the rocks. Capt. Kemble of the Mo?
hawk immediately steered his ship to
a point near the Chatham and sent
small boats to her assistance. The
pilot boat Meta was hailed and trans?
ferred the frightened passengers from
the wrecked ship to the deck of the
Mohawk and they were landed safe?
ly at the Clyde line pier at 10:o0
oclock this morning.
This afternoon it was announced
that the Chatham will be abandon?
ed, there being about 14 feet of wa?
ter in her hold, making it impossible
to save any part of the large freight
cargo. Lighters have been sent to the
s'.-.ip t-> remove the furniture. The
Chatham's bow is under water and
her stern Is on the Jetty.
senator McLourin, of Mississippi,
requested that he should not have an
oftlclal funeral. The widow of Con?
gressman Grlggs does not wish that
a solemn farce be enacted In memory
of her late husband. Perhaps the
good taste and honesty of the South
will end the scandalous performance,
but the credit of tho effective protest
should go where it belongs at any
rate. !i we are to practice economy
the nation will save pianos and pock?
et knives and thousands of dollars
e\pend"d In articles charged to the
funeral baked meat account.?Flori?
CATARRH IN HEAD.
MR. WM. A. PRESSER.
MR. 'VILLI AM A. PRESSER, 1722
Third Ave., Moline, 111., write*:
"I have been suffer ng from catarrh
in tbo bead for the past two months
and tried innumerable so-called reme?
dies without avaii. No one knows how
I have suffered, not only from the dis?
ease itself, but from mortification when
in company of friends or strangers.
"I have used two bottles of your med?
icine for a short time only, and it
effected a complete medical cure, and
what is better yet, the disease has not
"I can most emphatically recommend
Pernna to all sufiferers from this dis?
Read This Experience.
Mr. A. Thompson, Box 65, R. R. ln
Kartell Ohio, writes: "When I began
your treatment my eyes were Infiauied,
nose was stopped up half of the time,
and was sore and scabby. I could not
rest at night on account of continual
hawking and spitting.
"I had tried several remedies and was
about to give up, but thought I would
"After I had taken about one-third of
a bottle I noticed a difference, I am
now completely cured, after suffering
with catarrh for eighteen years.
"I think if those who are afflicted
With catarrh would try Peruna thej
would never regret it."
Man-a-lln an Ideal Laxative.
Ask Your Druggist for a Free Peruna
Almanac for 1910.
Mr. J. M. Woodle>, who recently
? is plantation near Dalzell, has
vo large farms near Sum
Woodley is a successful
farmer and will be
Wh successful far?
Th< ^rift .: . ne man to g*t
without earning what another t.
art; . without gsjgttog*?S? tator <
FOR 8A14&?-Four Pointer Pup.ieeat
$10 each. Elijah Sanders, Dalsell,
S. C. V>. & S. 1-17-lt
FOR SALE?Two mules, S horses H
head of cattle, 4o sheep, hoiu 30C
bushels corn, cottonseed, peas, po?
tatoes and hay. Apply to ?. T. Mc
Faddln, Mayesville, S. C, R. K D.
No. 2. 1-17-lt.
FOR RENT OR SALE?My farm on
I the White's Mill road 4 1-2 miles
j from town. Good dwelling, n-.w
barn and stables and tenant hou*e
on the place. Possession given at
once. Nelll O'Dormell. l-l?-tf.
FOR SALE?It being necessary* to
retire on account of my health, I
offer for sale the best paying busi?
ness in town. Ducker & Bultman.
W. & S. 1-11-tf.
SAMUEL RAGIN, Dec'd.
Executor's Sale of Personal Property.
By order of the Judge of Probate
for Sumter County, S. C, I will of?
fer for sale at public outcry to the
highest bidder, for cash, on Monday
the 24th day of January, A. D., 1910,
at the late residence of the deceased,
In Manchester Township, in said
County at 11 o'clock a. m. The per?
sonal property of said estate consist?
ing of one 1-horse wagon, one
2-horse wagon, two mules, two ~ows,
2 calves, 14 hogs, one lot of corn, cot?
ton seed, fodder, peas, potatoes, su?
gar cane, hay and a large vc.iety of
agricultural Implements, harness,
Sumter, B. C, Jan. I. 1910.
W & S?4t?2t wkly.
NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS.
We the undersign, d barbers of
Sumter do hereby agree that on and
after February 1st our price for shav?
ing will be 15 cents.
This advance in pries has been ren?
dered necessary by the advance in
salaries of workmen, In rent, fuel
and everything else, and it is Impos?
sible to pay expenses at 10 cents?
the price in effect for the past fifteer.
or twenty \ears.
R, K. BROWN,
J. T. EDWARDS,
Id: VAX & ROBINSON.
W. EL STRANGE.
A. G. COOPER.
1-13-W. & S. until fob. IB