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LETTERS FROM OTJR SPE?
of hUrMi Prom ?11 Parts of
and Adjoining Counties.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Moil your Isttsrs so that they will
this office not lstsr than Mon
whcn Intended for Wednesday's
and not Inter than Thursday
Jttr Saturday's Issue. This, of course,
applies only to regulsr correspond
In ease of Items of unusual
?slue, send In Immediately by
telephone or telegraph. Such
as we atorfee are acceptable up to the
at going to press. Wednesday's
ta printed Tuesday afternoon
Batardsy's papsr Friday after
cky. Jan. IS.?We have begun
the new year with very few changes,
t of our cltlsens white and col
appear to be content w th their
surroundings, and everything Is mov?
ing on smoothly as usual. The farm
are seem very hopeful and have gone
to work making preparation* for an?
other crop. Cotton stalk choppers
and two horse plows are In evidence
on every side.
Our oldest cltlsens have never ex?
perienced such remarkable seasons,
as ws have had. Wells ai.d ditches
dry at this time of year. Mill ponds
eo low that It la difficult to get corn
ground. Excellent weather for cur* J
tng meat, and lots of It hna been
stored awsy for iuture use. Those
who have been able to do so are for?
tunate, when we consider the prices
of hog products. And I trust that
those farmers who have failed to
provide these necessaries of life and
are deprived of these luxuries, will
profit by this experience In the fu?
ture. Potatoes have kept well and it
waa hardly necessary to cover with
earth where a plenty of straw was
ased. This It a cheap and easy crop
to make, as well as profitable, being
an excellent feed for stock and al?
ways finds a ready market.
Mr. R. M. Cooper has added a large
hall to hie temporary residence where
he entertained quite a "houne party"
during the Christmas holidays, con?
tributing greatly to the pleasure of
the young folks.
There hss been quite a number
sick with lagrippe and sore eyes, but
1 am glad to report most of them are
Mr. Willie McLeod, who has had a
h>ng spell of fever Is convalesing and
with no relapse will soon be up again.
Mr. A. F. Cooper has been sick for
some time but Is Improving.
Mr. Willie McCutchen will socn
put up a new saw mill in easy reach
of us snd will add a ginnery rext
lall, which will tend to add o^w lift
to our little town.
Our farmers have awakened to the
Importance of better drainage for
Jhetr lands, and numbers a having
their old ditches cleaned out, and
deepened and new ditches *ug, which
1 consider a Ane Investment
I have been Informed that our
banr* are flushed with money and
there Is very little demand for It.
That the depositors exceed the num?
ber of borrowers, and the bankers
are concerned to know what to do
with the money. I hope these things
are so. if true. It Is a good Indien,
lion of prosperity. I congratulate
you on the excellent paper you send
as and hope this may be your most
successful year In Journal! *m.
Of It Sl'MMKHTOX LETTER.
Year Change*?New Church to
Be B?1h? Death of Mrs. II. It
Rkhartbtrm, Jr?S<x*iety Items.
Summerton. Jan.' 17.?The New
Tear has now progressed fur enough
to permit of some definite announce?
ments as to business changes and
real estate transfers. Mr. J. D. Hut
ledge who will farm on the place just
vacated by Mr A. Plumer Burgess
another year, has sold his own farm
to Mr. J. M Wuodley now of Dalzell,
S. C Mr. Woodley has made several
visits to the community looking to?
ward his Immediate move here. It
Is his Intention if possible to procura
a residence In town, and we hope
that we will soon have him on our
list of citizens.
Mr. Murray Fischer, a son of Mr.
L T. Fischer of this place, has ac?
cepted a position with the Capers St
Co.'m drug store as prescription clerk.
Mr. Fischer took a '''?ggf?* In Phar?
macy at thn South ('aBBl'ia Medical
College some years ago.
It Is the Intention and hope of the
Methodist congregation of this place
to begin the erection of a new church
early In this year. They have been
working toward this for some time
and we would he glad to see their
efforts so soon crowned.
The four Protestant churches rep
inted here, have all taken steps to
ird sending delegates to the Lay?
m's Missionary meeting In Colum?
bia this week, and It Is expected that
each will have at least one represen?
tative from the laity besides those of
the ministers who are able to at?
The news of the death of V.rs.
Henry B. Richardson, Jr., of thia
community was received here yester?
day morning. Mrs. Richardson had
been ill for about four weeks, having
latelj developed typhoid fever; her
condition on Saturday night was con?
sidered favorable and her death re.
suited from sudden complications. !
The funeral services will be held at
the Richardson family burying
ground at the "Sand Hills" this after
noon at 2 o'clock. Mrs. Richardson
was Lou Dingle of Charleston, S. C.
a sis er of Mrs. Jno. R. Dingle of this
plac?. Mrs. Richardson Is survived
by hor husband and three boys.
Mrs. Tradewell Dingle, who since
her recent Illness has been with her
sister, Mrs. Ellison Capers in town,
returned today to her home a few
miles from town. We are glad to
hear of her recovery.
On Friday evening at the home of
Mrs. J. A. James, the ladies of th"
Matron's Book Club gave an enter
talnment complimentary to their hus?
bands. The club Is to be congratu?
lated upon the selection of the fea?
ture? of entertainment for the even?
ing. First a spelling class composed
of the gentlemen only was conducted
by \ts. O. C. Scarborough which af?
forded considerable embarrassment
to them and untold enjoyment to
their more fortunate wives. Next,
they were given Cocoa-Cola bottles,
crepe paper, and needle and thread
and tequested to dress "a doll"; the
honrrs in these two contests were
taken as follows: For spelling best,
Mr. J. M. Plowden, for making the
most artistic dresses Messrs. J. Fred
Lanbam, H. Augustus Rlchbourg, W
H. Anderson and Capt. J. A. James.
Thereafter, the guests were Invited
Into the dining room where Misses
Mildred James and Lucy Mood serv?
ed a salad course with coffee and
then nmbrosla with cake. The pleas?
ures of the evening were all to be de
sired, and It Is unanimously conceded
that the Matron's Book Club deserve
a place among the first in social rank
Mr. W. D. Frteraon Is spending the
day in town.
Mr. H. J. White, former postmas
ter at this place, and now traveling
for some Northern stationers, tpent
a day or two in town last week.
Mr. J. M. Woodley and son of Sum
ter spent a few days in town last
Mr. R. B. Belser of Sumter, made
a business trip here last week.
KV1 ORY BODY CAN HELP SAVE A
The Child-Rescue Plans Now so Per.
' feet That All Can Help.
Home-finding is a kind of philan?
thropy that is doubly blessed. Child?
ren are provided for and homes are
made happy by their presence, says a
writer in The Delineator for Januarv.
And remember that the lives of men
and women are purified and incited
to nobler living from a sense of obli?
gation to exemplify the virtues they
seek for or desire In the children
placed In their charge.
To the wealthy It offers the noblest
of all schemes of practical bent-li?
cence?a means whereby they may dry
the tears of the children, secure pro?
tection for the oppresssed, home life
and sympathy for the homeless, and
a fall opportunity for every child to
ent?r upon a happy and successful
career. To municipal councils It pre?
sents a strong plea for aid In the real
and permanent economy of the work
?rescuing, as It does, the young
from the possibility of a wasted, vic?
ious and criminal career, and making
honest. Intelligent and Industrlcu?
Hut there Is no Individual so hum?
ble that he can not help along the
Child-Rescue cause as It is* being
furthered by The Delineator of New
York. Here are suggestions for all.
1. The beautiful certificate of
membership (sent free on applica?
tion) should be found hanging on
the walls of members' homes or of?
fices, giving many an opportunity to
explain to others how The Delineator
seeks to find a mother for every
::. The booklet "Where 100.000
Children Wait." with its beautiful Il?
lustrations, tells the story of the
"Child! without a Mother's Love and
rare," and can be Obtained from The
Delineator office upon request.
I, Members should copy Into a
scrap-book some of the following
sentence thoughts from the pen Of
Mabel Potter Dnggett. the author of
th.? article "Where 100,000 Children
?In 1,241 orphan Institutions
throughout the United States then
ar ? 100,000 motherless children'"
"There are over 40,000 motherless
eblldren In the States of New York
and Pennsylvania alone."
I Appropriate Opportunities would
be afforded for reading brief extracts
from POO! serap-book to personal
friends, and at small gatherings con?
nected with churches and lodges..
Again, senator Aidrich's decision
t i seek a re-election In Rhodo Island
may be duo to the fact that the Ad?
ministration Is relying so heavily upon
him.?Kansas City Times.
LEGISLATURE jl WORK.
MOVE TO HAVE CLEMSON COL
Bill Introduced to Appoint Investiga?
ting Committee With Extraordi?
nary Powers and Clemson Will Pay
The BUI?Other Matters of Inter?
Columbia. Jan. 14.?Representative
Browning Introduced a bill today
providing for a Joint committee of
seven to Investigate the affairs of
Clemson College. The bill is pattern?
ed after the dispensary investigation
act giving the committee the powers
of a court. The members are to be
paid a per diem of $5 and mileage
and are allowed a marshall and sten?
ographers. The expense of the in?
vestigation will be met by the col?
In the house today Mr. Cothran's
bill providing for kindergartens in
the mill districts was killed by the
friends of the country schools on the
third reading. All other third read?
ing bills were passsed.
Mr. Dick's bill preventing public
school trustees from employing rela?
tives as teachers was passed to a
Mr. K. P. Smith s bill requiring
transfers of mortgages to be record?
ed was killed.
Mr. Ashley's bill to pension certain
women was ruled not to be properly
on the calendar.
The house killed the bill raising
the Judges' salaries.
The house adjurned over till Mon?
Senators Graydon and Sullivan
seem determined to take care c" the
children. The former has In a olll
making It a misdemeanor for a
school teacher to wnip a child, and
Senator Sullivan had one on kidnap?
Columbia, Jan. 15.?The Senate
had a busy session this morning dur?
ing which It passed the Carlisle bill
forbidding children under sixteen
years old working In cotton mills at
night. The bill was amended so as
to allow women to work at night.
The Senate also passed the Carlisle
bill requiring hotels to provide fire
It refused to kill Mr. Harmon's
bill forbidding the sale of any but
safety matches and debate was ad?
Mr. Carlisle introduced a bill of
great importance to renters of cheap
property to negroes, particularly, as
it abolishes distressing for rents.
Columbia, Jan. 17.?The house got
through four pages of the calandar
and then got into a tangle over
whether to meet tonight or to go to
the laymen's meeting. Finally the
The following bills were given a
Mr. Dixon's bill reducing the maxi
mum passenger fare to two and a
half cents; Mr. Ashley's bill requiring
that fertilizers be labeled with brand
show'ng what kind of ammonia is
used, bill requiring Insurance com?
panies to pay 10 per cent, attorney's
fees in case of suit; Mr. Dixon's re?
quiring railroad commission to look
after interstate freight rates; Mr.
Coker's bill requiring electric head?
lights on locomotive engines; Mr.
Hall's bill requiring mortgages given
in other States to be recorded in this
State; Mr. Sawyer's bill giving solici?
tors four dollars per diem while
working for the legislature.
The house adopted the resolution
Introduced by Mr. M. L. Smith to
visit Citadel on Jan. 26th.
The most important bill passed at
this session was Mr. Bowman's today
making the violation of a farm lease
by either tenant or landlord a mis?
demeanor. The Federal court knock?
ed out the former law on the ground
LEE'S BIRTHDAY RECOGNIZED
Newport News C ustom House t? be
Closed on January 19.
Washington, Jan. 14.?Official rec?
ognition in a limited way of the
birthday Of Oen. Robert E. Lee, is
to be given by the treasury depart?
ment. The anniversary of the birth
Of the famous Confederate soldier
fj.Ms on January 19, and the collector
Of customs at Newport News, Va..
has been authorized to close his of?
fice on that day for as long a time as
public business will permit. The hon?
or paid Oen, Lee's memory is an
unusual one, as rarely, if ever, it
happens that I public office is closed
on the occasion of the celebration of
blrthdayi Of noted Americans, ex?
empt, of course, where regular legal
holidays provide for It.
Columbia, Jan. 16.?The motion for
a new trial forGarllngton and Toung
in the Bemlnole oaae was refused by
Judge Prime, and Garllngton was
sentenced to three years and Young
to one year In the penitentiary. They
were sent back to Jail pending un
application for bail.
TAFT SEEKS PARTY HARMONY.
SPIRIT OF CONCILIATION FELT
President's Admonition to Republi?
cans in Congress to Quit Quarrel?
ing and Go to Work Appears to
Have Hecn Heeded?Insurgents
May Fight Speaker, But Not Party
Washington, Jan. 13.?Following
President Tafts advice to the Re?
publicans in Congress yesterday to
"stop quarreling and get down to the
party legislative programme as
quickly as possible," there were con?
crete evidences today of a definite at?
tempt to bring the warring factions
together upon some basis of at least
a temporary understanding. There
seemed for the first time this season
to be a spirit of conciliation in the
air and decidedly less of the bitter?
ness of the past few weeks.
President Taft let it be known that
he still considers all of the Insurgents
as Republicans. Speaker Cannon an?
nounced that all Republicans would
be Invited to the caucus on naming
the Balllnger-Plnchot committee next
week and he hoped all would attend.
Representatives Hayes, of California,
one of the leading insurgents made
two trips to the White House as a
result of which he announced that
attempts to adjust matters were un?
In his talks with Representative
Hayes and other callers today the
President said that he was not with?
holding patronage from any Repub?
lican Senator or member of Congress
because of votes cs?t against Speaker
Cannon, against the rules of the
House or against the Payne-Aldrlch
If, however, there are any among
the insurgents who intend to carry
their fight against the Speaker and
against the rules to the extent of op?
posing purely Administration and
party measures, to which the party is
pledged, the President will no longer
regard them as Republicans, but as
having clearly arrayed themselves
against the party. Under these cir"
cumstances he declares, he would not
be justified in recognizing any cbjims
for patronage from Senators and
Representatives, who would use the
very patronages given them as am?
munition against the party.
Mr. Taft Is said to be satisfied with
the way matters are progressing and
he has reecived many personal assur?
ances that most of the so-called In?
surgents will support the Administra?
tion measures. '
PLAN GIANT CORPORATION.
Makers of Women's Wearing Appa?
rel May Form $300.000,000 Com?
New York, Jan. 15.?A corporation
capitalized at $300.000,000 to control
everything pertaining to the manu?
facture of women's wearing apparel,
Is under consideration by the Asso?
ciated Waist and Dress Manufactur?
According to the secretary of the
association, articles of incorporation
will be filed in Albany within the
next few days.
B. P. Hyman, president of the exe?
cutive committee of the association
and the originator of the project, said
tonight, after a conference of the
manufacturers that the Idea commends
itself to manufacturers and dealei'3
in the South with whom he has talk?
ed, as well as to many of the larger
woollen manufacturers in New Erg
"This Is not the formation of a
trust," said Mr. Hyman. "Nor is it
i v beding t'.i ? dipper on or the fau
aimed at labor organizations. On the
contrary it will mean a great benefit,
not only of the industries concerned,
but to the workers in better wages
and improved conditions,
the workers in better wages and im?
"We plan to obtain control of ev?
erything from the raw material to
the finished product, and In time
we expect our organization to spread
to other countries."
IMPORTANT TO SHIPPERS.
Intcr_State Commerce Commission
Lays Down Rules in Respect to
Marking Packages for Shipment.
"The Interstate Commerce Com?
mission in a recent decision says the
rule of transportation companies that
unless each package in a shipment
be "plainly and indelllbly marked so
as to show the name of the consignee
and the details of their destination,
they will not be received for trans?
portation." The Commission further
says "It Is the undoubted right of a
carrier to decline to receive for
transportation any merchandise not
so marked. As a practical matter
shippers in their own Interest ought
to mark their packages plainly, and
carriers ought not to be compelled to
accept shipments not so marked."
A bushel of grain will make foul
and one-half gallons of spirits or 27
gallons of beer.
COTTON CORNER FAILS.
BOTTOM DROPPED OUT OF THE
Over Speculation Proved the Ruin of
a Promising Rull Campaign?Scales
Of Texas Crowded Out by Decline
Xew York, Jan. 14.?The big bull
campaign in c" >n definitely collap?
sed today, with .ne most spectacu?
lar perpendicular decline seen In a
week of erratic recessions. Reports
had It that the position of the lead?
ing Southern bull has been complete?
ly undermined by the continued
liquidation whi h has been in prog?
ress since early In the year. At the
low point today New York contracts
showed a decline of from $5.20 to
$5.60 a bale from the closing prices
of the night previous, which was a
break of from $6.10 to $6.50 a bale
from the high figures of the day, and
of $13.35 to $14.25 a bale from the
.high point of the season. May con?
tracts touched 13.70 late in the after?
noon. At the height of the bull cam?
paign It was estimated that E. G.
Scales of Texas, the leader, has accu?
mulated paper profits of $10,000,000
for the season.
His heaviest holdings were in May
cotton and he and his friends were
generally believed at one time to con?
trol contracts calling for the delivery
of fully 1,000,000 bales during that
The situation had developed before
the beginning of the decline into a
threat of the greatest squeeze of
shorts recorded In the history of the
exchange, but the bulls who follow?
ed Mr. Scales lead without enlisting
in his party, decided the time was
ripe for a bear raid. One after an?
other the big accounts began to come
Into the market. The Scales party
was said to have its cotton margined
down to 10 cents a pound and it was
confidently asserted that Its members
would never abandon their position.
The fact, however, proved that the
continued pressure was too heavy.
Today it was announced that Mr.
Scales had transferred his holding to
the large bear Interests. Smaller ope?
rators were hard nipped but it is be?
lieved the larger Lulls liquidated
above their average buying price for
As soon as the news spread that an
agreement had been reached between
the conflicting interests, the market
received aggressive support, closing
at from 20 to 3 0 points from the low
A much better feeling prevails in
the trade tonlgit and it is thought c
quieter market may be expected for
the coming week.
After the official close May con?
tracts changed hands at 14.10 com?
pared with 13 70, the low point of
Cause of the Break.
Xew York, Jan. 14.?The bull cot?
ton speculation during the past week
has met with a sort of Sedan. The
debacle was brought about by over
speculation. An advance of about 7
cents In a year with little reaction
evidently called for a setback. Hav?
ing reached the neighborhood of 16
1-2 cents, the price has swung back
nearly 2 cents, which is less than one
third of the rise within 12 months.
However this nay be, the market had
got to a point where prices required
constant support from big men. When
they withdrew the market prices
cames down with a crash. The de?
cline was brought about, too, not
only by' selling of small traders all
over the country, but also by the liq?
uidation of men who have been prom?
inent on the bull side for a year past.
The policy of passive resistance to
the rise of prices on the part of span?
ners produced an undeniable effect,
Curtailment of production has been
widepspread. Finally the outside
public became nervous over the In?
ability of bull leaders to force prices
higher and It was this outside selling
which precipitated the decline. The
bull leaders maintain that the pendu?
lum Is now swinging to the other ex?
treme and that a sharp upward turn
is liable to occur at any time.
The glnners' figures published dur?
ing the week were generally regarded
as bullish and the advocates of higer
prices still contend that there Is a
great gulf between the size of the ac?
tual crop this year and the probable
The disparity between the two Is
estimated at 3,00,000 bales. Latterly
spot cotton markets have shown
greater strength than had been ex?
pected. Reports would seem to indi?
cate that the cotton goods business
Is gradually Improving. The outlook
for general trade in this country In
1910 is considered favorable. On the
other hand speculation has received
so severe a Mow that it is not ex?
pected Immediately to recover. The
talk is growing louder and louder
of an Impending big acreage with a
record-breaking crop during the com?
ing season. Today there was an
other sensational break on weakness
in the stock market, bear hammering
ami heavy liquidation,
Diamond cut diamond.?J >hn Ford.
GARLINGTON THE BOAT.
SEMINOLE PROMOTER FOUND
GUILTY BY RICH LAND JURY.
The Jury Was Out Eight Hours and
Roth Garlington and Young Spent
liast Night in Jail?The Trustees
Whose Names and Influence Lured
Hundreds Into the Trap Not Eren
Columbia, Jan. 15.?John Y. Gar?
lington and Jas. Stobo Young were
last night adjudged guilty on a
charge of breach of t*ust with fraud?
This was the fourth count, of an
indictment that charged "conspiracy,
breach of trust with fraudulent in?
tention of stock, larceny of stock,
breach of trust with fraudulent Inten?
tion of money and larceny of money."
The fourth count on which the
jury returr.-d a verdict of guilty al?
leges breach of trust of money of the
Seminole Securities Company amount?
ing to $55,596.77.
The jury agreed upon a verdict
about 10 o'clock, after spending eight
hours in the jury room. The judge,
court officials and defendants were
summoned and the verdict was read
about 11 o'clock. The two defend?
ants received the verdict without
show of surprise, and a motion for a
new trial was at once entered by
counsel for the defense.
The judge asked when thi.j motion
could be argued and attorneys for the
defense said they would like tc con?
fer with their senior counsel before
arguing the motion. Judge Prince
j then announced that the motion
L would be argued today, and refused
the request of the defense that the
I bond given for the defendants' anpear
I ance during the trial be held good
pending sentence, and the two defen**
j dants were remanded to jail shortly
after the verdict was read.
I In the words of the indictment
the fourth count says:
"That John Y. Garllngton and Jas.
J Stobo Young, late of the county and
I State aforesaid, on the 15th day of
I January, in the year of our Lord one
I thousand nine hundred and eight
j with force and arms at Columbia
I court house, in the county of Rich
land and in the State of South Car
1 olina, $55,596 in money lawful cur
I rency of the United States of Ameri
I ca, of the value of $55,596, and of
denomination and Issue to the Jurors
I aforesaid unknown, of the property
of Seminole Securities company, a
I corporation duly incorporated under
j the laws of the State of South Car
I olina, then and ther; being found fe
I loniously did steal, take and carry
I away against the form of the statute
I in such case made and provided and
I against the peace and dignity of the
j The allegation in the count is that
J John Y. Garlington, as president of
I the Seminole Securities company us
I ed various amounts from the funds
j aggregating $55,59<>.77. The checks
j signed for the various sums were
I signed by J. S. Young. When Chas.
|H. Hiely, an expert accountant.
1 made an auditing of the books of the
I Seminole Securities company he *
J found the various sums charged to
?I Garlington and called his attention
I to It. Garlington then showed him
that he held 75,000 shares of the
Seminole Security company stock
and Heily charged the $50,000 drawn
I against this stock, leaving some
$24,000, that the Seminole campany, .
I according to audit, are still indebted
j to Garlington, provided Garllngton
j really owned the stock.
The members of the jury who
I rendered the verdict are: A. C. Kin>
ard, forman; Geo. B. Reaves, G. M.
Dickart, T. E. Shjealey, J. S Bowers,
J. H. Haitchcock, E. J. Vincent, H.
E. Brims. Wade A. LeGrande, Chas.
Grimsley, D. T. Ready, W. D. Jor
CHANDLER'S SLAYER FREE.
Trial at Panama of Man Who Killed
Editor. Formerly of Wlnnsboro,
Results in Acquittal.
Panama, Jan. 14.?Gen. Herbert
Jeffries, who last August struck Wil?
liam Nichols Chandler, editor of the
Panama Press, on the head with a
large revolver, from the effects of
which Chandler died, was tried today
and acquitted of the charge of mur?
der The killing was the result of
an article printed In the newspaper
reflecting upon one of Gen. Jeffries*
Gen. Jeffries Is a graduate of West
Point and has been prominent in
nearly every revolution for many
years past in Central America.
Chandler hailed from Wlnnsbopj.
With man, most of his misfortunes
are occasioned by man.?Pliny.
It Is rumored that Secretary Kite*
is thinking seriously of peOOgnttlng
Congressional insurgents.?New York
Bv< ning Post.
A general in the revolutionary
army of Nicaragua is paid 20 cents a
day, and Is considered well worth the
money.?New York Mail.