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BA?JNGEn PRIVATE GRAFT.
RJBPHESEN TAT IV E HITCHCOCK
OF M-HHAsR.V F1LEH CHAKGES
Committee or House Will Probe Mat?
ter?Will Ismie Subpoenas In Or?
der to Determine Truth as to Sec?
retary's Alleged Misuse of Land
Washington. Jan. 17.?Somewhat
waning Interest In the Investigation
of the so-called Balllnger-Plnchot
controversy was quickly revived In
Congress today by sensational
charges against Secretary Baliinger
of the interior department and other
officials. filed by Representative
Hltchcoek (Dem.) of Nebraska, with
ths committee on expenditures In the
Interior department, and incidentally
by the senate's adoption of the Inves?
tigation resolution as agreed upon in
conference. The house will adopt the
The most Important allegation of
Mr. Hitchcock is that funds of the in?
terior department were improperly
used in paying private traveling ex?
penses of Secretary Balllnger 9 neph?
ew. The secretary and other offi?
cials of the Interior department will
be served with subpoenas to appear
before the house committee on ex?
penditure, to which Mr. Hitchcock's
charges were addressed.
Secretary Balllnger late tonight Is?
sued a lengthy statement in which he
denied eatsgoricalfy the charges of
maladministration made by Mr.
Hitchcock. His denial was sweeping
and emphatic, several of the charges
being characterised as "ridiculous,"
while others were said to be "ridicu?
lously false." The statement came
as a surprise, as Mr. Balllnger dur?
ing the afternoon disclosed a dispo?
sition to let the matter go unanswer?
ed until the joint investigating com?
mittee la organised.
The statement asserts that when
Mr. Balllnger became commissioner
of the general land office, the posi?
tion he held before entering the cab?
inet, he reduced the salary of Law
Clerk Wright so that Wright's $1.000
salary "could bo given to Jack Bal?
llnger. his nephew, not ender the
title of law clerk, but under ths title,
created by Mr. Balllnger's order, of
confidential clerk, I have been told
Wright died of disappointment and
humiliation soon thereafter.*'
Jack Balllnger remained a year in
the service, the statement sajj, his
manner of living, about the time his
uncle rsigned. In March, 1908, being
alleged to illustrate "the reckloss ex?
penditures of the land office."
"It was announced," the statement
goes on to say, "that young Jack Bal?
llnger was leaving the land office to
resume law practica in Sei.ttie. In
order that he might receive a final
rake-off be was designated as special
temporary Inspector of offices, an evi?
dent outrage on the treasury This
enabled him to draw traveling expen?
ses from Washington to Seattle and
par diem also. Within two weeks af?
ter he reached Seattle he resigned,
as understood In advance, and re?
sumed law practice. Including, of
course, practice before the land of?
fice out there, and also In Washing?
ton." Mr. Hitchcock declared this to
be only one of many outrages on the
treasury, which csn be found.
The statement was presented by
Mr. Hitchcock at a meeting of the
committee called to permit him to
substantiate his charges of extrava?
gance in the Interior department. The
committee decided to Issue subpoenas
on Secretary Balllnger. Commission?
er Dennett of the general lan 1 office
and all others Interested in the
charges to appear as witness before
the committee next Wednesday
morning. The statement alleges Im?
proper use of the million dollar ap?
propriation "for the protection of the
public domain against frauds" by the
purchase of expensive furniture,
"amounting in the tens of thousands
of dollars." the erection of a "certain
larce brick chimney for a land office
at considerable expense." the employ?
ment of some 80 additional clerks."
"salaries Increased snd 1n one Case
at least doubled, out of this million
dollars under (citing the case of
Chief of the Field Service Srhwartz
, as this Instance) selection of special
agents not all qualified." etc.
Mr. Hitchcock suggested to the
committee that certain employes of
the general land office be called to
fumlfth specific information, explain?
ing thnt he was "persona non grata-'
with the Interior department and that
the committee was In a hotter pas,
tlon to obtain the facts towtjnti?nsj
80-odd elerkM performing ordinary
clerical dothan not connected In any
Way With the protection of the pub?
lic domain. thotiKb no paid.
Concerning the office of chief of
the field service, notnjntnd by if. 11
Schwartz, tho statement allcg^n that
position was created for Mr. Srhwartz,
without warrant <>f law. his salary
being raised from $2.000 a* spe( |aj
agent to $4.200 an chief of field ser?
vice, or $700 more thnn his Imme?
diate superior, the assistant commis?
Mr Ultch.oik recommend-d In?
vestigation of statements made in an
anonymous letter to him that declar?
ed Mr. Ballinger's system of files hss
so mixed, confused, bcfoggled the
clerku, flics and records that there Is
now absolutely no one who knows
anything about anything that apper?
tains to the office, requiring over 100
dcrku against 15 under the old sys?
NEGRO SHOT AT AIKEX.
Livery Stable Hand Probably Fatally
Wounded >y B. Monroe Weeks.
Alken. Jan. 17.?Joe Jones, a ne?
gro, was shot this afternoon by B.
Monroe Weeks, a prominent white
man, and probably fatally wounded.
Jones was employed by Weeks, who
Is proprietor of the Weeks Livery
and Transfer Company. This after?
noon he sent the negro out driving
with a customer, and in a few minutes
it Is said the customer returned, say?
ing the negro was drunk. Another
boy was sent with the man. A little
while later the negro became inso?
lent, and upon being reprimanded by
Weeks is said to have made at Weeks
with a pitchfork, whereupon Weeks
picked up a shotgun and shot him
in tie stomach. The negro is still
alive, but will probably die.
PKICE OF SHOES TO RISE.
High Price of Leather and Materials
Given as the Cause.
Boiton, Mass., Jan. 17.?The price
of shoes is going up. The official an?
nouncement to this effect was made
today by the National Shoe Whole?
sale?' Association. The Association
says that the existing high price of
leather and materials makes the In?
crease necessary, but that the new
prices will be so adjusted as "to per?
mit the addition to each grade of
such value as will compensate the
wearsr for Increased cost."
Ths Association's approval of the
repet.1 of the duty on hides was unan?
Spare Rib Pot pie.
Cut the Tib into pieces about four
lnchoa square and cook In water to
cove; , until tender. Pour off the
liquor, cool, and remove all the fat.
Cover the bottom of the pot with a
layer of the ribs, seasoning with salt,
pepper and a little sage. Add a layer
of thick slices of potato, seasoned,
then one of tiny baking-powder bis?
cuit. Continue until all the meat is
used having the last layer of the bis?
cuit. Pour In enough of hot, strain?
ed liquor In which the ribs were
cooked, and water to come nearly to
the fop of the biscuit, but not to cov?
er t.iem. Close tightly and cook
thre''-quarters of an hour, before re
mov ng the ltd. Take up the potato
and meat on a platter, thicken the
gravy with a tablespoonful of flour
rubfced smooth with a tablespoonful
of tutter?cook until smooth and
pour over the meat.?The Delineator.
The long considered plan of mak?
ing coal gas In vertical Instead of
horb.onal retorts is being tested on
a large scale at St. Helens, England,
and the results with the new plant
are being compared with those of a
very complete equipment Including
ISC horizontal retorts ten feet long.
With the cheap coal used, costing
about $3.00 per ton, the old method
yielded 10,000 cubic feet of gas per
ton, and the new process gave 11,
550 cubic feet. The new process
yields more tar and ammonia, coke of
higher selling price; and gas free
from naphthalene, while it offers
great economy In land and buildings,
in Ubor, and In wear and tear.
In the last half-century the de?
velopment of the machinery of war
as everybody knows, has kept pace
with that of the appliances used In
the arts of peace. Sir A. Trevor
Damson notes that progress has been
aided by the metallurgist, who has
developed Improved steel making,
the chemist who has produced more
powerful propellants and high ex?
plosives; and the mechanical engi?
neer, who has devised new methods
of utilizing power and adding to ac?
curacy and efficiency. In 1864 the
most powerful twelve-inch gun was
a muszle loader, twelve calibers in
length, weighing about 23.5 lone, Its
charge of powder weighed Slghty-flvi
pounds, the muzzle velocity of the
614-pound projectile was 1.300 feet
per second, and it could perforate
sixteen inches of WTOUfht iron armor
at the muasle, <>r sight Inches at the
Baaalmam range of 1,004 yards. The
twelve-Inch gui of the pit-sent Is. ?
lot ?blander, Rfty calibres long, its
projectile weighs HQ pounds, the
muzzle velocity is 3,noo feet per se
c<?m!; its pertoratlve pOWSr is iifty
twa Inches ol wrought iron at the
mnaale, thtrty-eevsn at 1,000 yards,
and 17.:, Inches at |4,u00 yards.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always bought
SENATE DISCUSSES WHISKEY.
SENATORS GRAYDON AND CAR?
LISLE IX DEBATE.
Bill Dedarlng Unlawful Sale of Al?
coholic Liquors to bo a Nuisance
Precipitates Preliminary Whiskey
Fight?Xumber of Normal Stu- J
(letltl I? University to be Increased.
Columbia, Jan. IT.?A preliminary
battle of words that closely verged
gain upon a general discussion of
the whiskey question was the feature
the session of the senate this eve
ng. The principals In this discus- I
on were Senators Graydon and Car?
lisle and the matter came up when
e bill providing that the unlawful
sale, etc., of alcoholic liquors shall
be a common nuisance was reached
n the Calendar. The bill was not
disposed of, debate being adjourned
ntil tomorrow on the measure.
Senator Graydon claimed that the
bill is practically a State-wide meas
re. He said:
"What's the use of passing prohlbl- I
tlon bills when prohibition is a fraud
and a farce."
He added that ail Georgia is now
ide open and there is no pretence of
enforcing the law and thought the
same would be true of this State.
"We can't legislate people," said
Senator Graydon, "from drinking liq?
uor. The tighter we make the law
the more drinking there will be. The
Missouri compromise Act of 1900 was
great blow to temperance." Sena?
tor Graydon referred to the raising
up of a set of hypocrites who are pre?
tending to be enforcing the law and
at the same time are drinking mean
blind tiger liquor.
Senator Carlisle warmly defended
the bill which he said was a com?
panion measure to the injunction bill
discussed in the senate Friday. The
bill which declares the unlawful sale,
barter, storage and keeping In pos?
session of alcoholic liquors a common
nuisance, is, said Senator Carlisle,
merely an enforcement measure. In?
junctions are needed in certain sec?
tions for the enforcement of the liq?
uor law, said Mr. Carlisle. He refer?
red to the system in vogue in Char?
leston as to the fining of blind tigers
and quoted an editorial from Th3
News and Courier as to the handing
out of Indictments of certain whiskey
cases, at the same time paying a trib?
ute to the editor of that paper.
Senator Carlisle said that In time
the same system might prevail In
other of the larger towns of the State
If laws were not passed for the en?
forcement of the whiskey statutes.
In the course of his discussion of
the bill Senator Carlisle touched
briefly upon the claim of the Pro?
hibitionists as to the working of pro?
hibition In this and other States, and
said he would later meet the argu?
ments of the Senator from Abbeville.
Senator Clifton objected to the bill
on the ground that In conjuctlon with
the injunction measure an alleged
dealer In whiskey could be onjolned
and the injunction follow him about
the State, the property permanently
enjoined and a further violation sub?
ject alleged offender to line or Im?
prisonment for contempt and deny
him the right of trial by Jury. Fur?
ther debate was postponed.
The greatest radium mine, that
near Joachimsthal, twelve miles
northwest of Carlsbad, has disting?
uished Itself by a product of half an
ounce of radium bromide, and oy
showing water that promises to devel?
op a great radium cure. The mine
once supplied sliver, but for half a
century has been worked by the Aus?
trian government for pitch-blende, a
mineral yielding a larger percentage
of uranium, one ovide of which Is
used to tint glass a delicate green*
Ish-yellow, while the black oxide
serves as a pigment in porcleain
painting. Consul W. L. Lowrie re?
ports that 100 men are mining an?
nually twenty tons of pitch blende,
equivalent to five tons of uranium
ore; and after the uranium is ex?
tracted the residue of each ten tons
of pitch blende yields one gram of
radium bromide. Metallic radium is
never seen, only the bromide and
OlOlidi being known. For extracting
the gram of bromide, 11,000 pounds
of chemicals and 110,000 pounds of
water are employed, and a thousand
er>stalizatlons and reductions may be
made, each requiring from a few
boms to several days. The 13 grams
of radium bromide lately sent t'J
Vienna have been valued at more
than half a million dollars. In a m w
Investigation, Director Joseph Step,
Of ths radium factory, has found that
the radio-activity of the mine wan ts
Is quite extraordinary, and scores of
times ureater than that of ino?t r?f
the Carlsbad, Marienbad and Prans
t?t sbad springs, The wate*' believed
t.? bhVe important curat Ivo powers
con n'Ofl radio-active gas, winch H ton
svoi? i.. i' ? <>ii exposure.
Don't Miss the Great Demonstration
Sale of Eye Glasses and Spectacles
TME HOPKINS OPTICAL CO.
or Baltimore, Md., at the Bumter
Drug More, No. *jo s. Main It.
To Some Philadelphia Sparrows.
(Jeannette Marks In "Success Maga?
Men say unfriendly words of you,
And I? I praise you for your saucy
On dusty streets, I love you for your
In vines that cling to heated city
Your noisy congregations on the trees;
Unchurchly ways of saying this and
About your brother men; your gai?
in parks near by a fountain's drip?
Men say your manners are not fine.
They call you scavengers, they call
And enemy to other prettier birds.
Perhaps we are one feather, you and
I would not hold it any grief to be
Your brother bird upon the city
I love your chatterers! Yet I have
The lark in other lands, the thrush
Dull many a day had been without
Your wrangles under foot, your
Men say unfriendly words of you. Of
They speak unkindly, too. Yet see
We are! Ah, well, we are one feath?
And I! We have the city streets for
The eaves for wonder, and above
Public Opinion Is the Insurgents'
Now, what is this new senate
movement going to do? asks J. C.
Welliver in Success Magazine*. Is it
merely a temporary ebullition, a local
rash which will yield to treatment, a
casual disorder that will be suppress?
ed? I do not think so. The men
on whom the future of the movement
depends are not enlisted for a skir?
mish. They have started In for a
war. They have resources of public
confidence at their back. Their credit
Is going to be good at the bank of
community opinion, In their various
States, Just so long as they keep on
fighting in good faith. It isn't ap?
parent how they can turn back. They
have nothing to gain at Washington,
and everything to losp at home, by
giving up the struggle. And anyhow,
they are not quitters. Not one of
They will gain recruits, and they
will win some victories, In the coming
session. They will require more and
more to be reckoned with. They will
not revolutionize senate procedure
very soon. They probably don't ex?
pect to do that. But they are in the
way of very early convincing the an?
cient leadership that it must take ac?
count of the public opinion these in?
surgents represent; and that will be
revolution in all but form.
How She Was Neglected.
Six-year-old Ruth was very un?
happy because one of her many
wants had been denied. Her papa
was giving vier a lecture and said,
'You av everything that most little
girls iii and I don't think there
Is another little girl in town who
has more than you." "Oh, yes," said
Ruth, "Alice has," "What has she
that you have not?" said papa. "Weih
I guess she had a ride to her grand?
ma's funeral.?The Delineator,
?Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is
a very valuable medicine for throat
and lung troubles, quickly relieves
and cures painful breathing and a
dangerously sounding cough which
Indicates congested lungs. Sold by
W. W. Sibert.
In response to a growing demand
in his home. Henry Kltchell Webster,
author of "The Sky Man," once went
to his father's house, borrowed the
family highchair and started taking
it home by hand. He had to wait
lonj? for his car, and when It finally
came its conductor was a humorist.
"Aren't yon pretty big for that
chair?'' that ollicial ventured.
"Yes,'' admitted Webster, wearily.
"I grew up While waiting for the car."
?The busiest and mightiest little
thing that ever was made is Cham?
berlain's Stomach and Liver Tablet?.
They do the work whenever you re?
quire their aid. These tablets change
weakness into strength, list .-sness
into energy, gloominess Into joyous
ness, Their action Is so gentle one
don't realise they have taken a pur?
gative, gold by VV. W. Sibert._
H. L. B. WELLS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Money to Loan on any Good Security.
Notary Public With Seal.
Offlee Over Sumte? Savings Bank,
*?he Hind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
- and has been made under his per
firsjt/Jffsonal supervision since its infancy*
y+utCT}^ /<GtfcJU6C Allow no one to deceive you in this*
All Counterfeits, Imitations and"Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTORIA
Gastoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA AUWAY8
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Hare Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
IN eOMPANV, TT MURRAY *TRECT. NEW VOR A OTT?.
WANT A WINDOW?
S*sh or blind, a door or a dozen, or
a hundred of 'em? No better place
to get them for miles around than
right here. We have the goods at
saving prices and can deliver them
quickly and correctly. This is a de?
pot for such building materials. We
have a 'phone and we want your or?
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factory,
J. W. McKeiver,
Birmie s Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines.
CHOICE PERFUMES 'AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE ROODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Co.,
Wants 700 good farm accounts in addition to
its present patronage, during the year 1910.
The farmer who borrows money from the bank
and pays cash for his supplies, should soon
have monev to lend.
Time to Retrench
After the Holiday festivities. The extra ex?
pense incident! to this season of good cheer
thrusts upon you the realization that you must
spend less?that you ought to save a part of
Open a Savings Account at this Bank. It will help,
4 per cent interest allowed on Savings.
Bank of Sumter.