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LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
From oil Porto of
and Adjoining Counties.
WOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mall your Utters so that they will
this office not later than Mon
when Intended for Wsdnssday'i
and not later than Thursday
Saturday's Issue. This, of course,
only to regular correspond
In oass of Items of unusual
Talus, send in lir mediately by
telephone or telegraph. Sueh
stories ars acceptable up to the
of going to* press, Wednesday's
Is printed Tuesday afternoon
Saturday's papsr Friday after
Max. Jan. II.?The last meeting of
Bstbtl W. M. 8. was entertstned by
Mrs M. B. Truluck at her home.
Beautiful cards of invitation were
goat out. also pretty souvenirs were
given to each on whloh was appro?
priate verses of scripture recited In
response to roll call.
After the business of the meeting
was transacted, a delightful lunch
son of delicious cskes. ambrosia and
eoff<e was served. Altogether It was
an Inspiring snd pleasant occasion.
Mrs. Ullis Dilggers, of Newberry,
Is visiting relatives at Shlloh and
John Mao Truluck spent Saturday
night with Mayrsnt Truluck and at?
tended preaching at Lynchburg Bap?
tist church Sunday morning.
Mr. Henry Tomllnson is recovering
from a severe attack of grip.
Plantations are taking on an In?
Mr. A. J. Ooodmsn hss returned
K n;e from s trip through Florida.
Ms reports hsvlng s plessant visit ex?
cept at one place, where his pleas?
ure mat marred by the total disre?
gard of the Sabbath by the people.
On his return home he stopped with
relatives In Columbia and through
courtesy of Mr. A. J. Roberts, enjoy?
ed an automobile ride about the cap
Hal city. Perhaps he realises as nev?
er before the advantages of his own
bountiful snd God-fearing, If com
men place country.
Today Is real spring-like weather
in. Jan. It.?Winter Is here In
tuU force and Judging from ths numt
bar of people afflicted with colds
soughs and grippe, unless there is a
ansage to warm weather, there won't
be enough well ones to nurse the sick
The new year has begun with rath
OS blue prospects. Those who have
n llttls cotton are sick at the slump
is price. "If I only hsd of sold at
It 1-1 cents." is their lament, which
that human nature le hard to
ify. Farm hands sre scsrce In
It sections and wages high. The
ssarctty of corn and high prices for
provisions generslly will make this
with all economy, an expensive yesr
Mr. H. H. Evans. Jr., has con
structed a fine fish pond and has It
stocked with bream. It is s very
pretty ons snd no doubt will be
Several from here have gone to the
Laymen's meeting In Columbia this
t notice a good many new build
lags going up In different sections
Mr. J. W Robertson, of Smithvllle
Is bullding s dwelling house. When
Snlshed it will be a pretty and com
Mr. J. D. McLeod Has put an sddl
tton to his dwelling house.
Mr. A. W. Boykln has greatly sn
larged and remodeled his home. It
Is now quite a large building.
The repairing of Swift Creek
church le about finished and adds
much to the looks of the building
A little negro child came near be
tng burned to death last week on M
J. L Olllla' place. The mother left
alone and It caught afire and ran out
Mr. Henry Hatfleld, fortunately, hap
pened slong snd put the Are ou
when it was in full blase. His time
ly Interference saved the child's life
"ft is a wonder that more of them
don't get burned up as their parents
leave them shut up In houses and go
frolicking over the country and no
warning of the danger of such a
course has any effect on them.
Rev. Mr. Wright preached a very
thoushful sermon at McLeod's church
on Sunday last sfter which the
Lord's supper was observed by the
church. He seems to be a pleasant
man and no doubt will do a fine
The writer has the grippe or first
cousin to it.
The wind Is blowing awfully today
Perhaps It will bring rain, which Is
very much needed. The wells are
failing In water and unless rain comes
soon we will have to resort to the
swamps to water esjf stock ami for
Thsrs Is a great cry about the high
price of food stuffs. The high price
of cotton Is one cause, hut not the
only one by any mesns. Take wheat,
for Instance, since 1S80 the increase
of production Is 41 per cent., while
the population "or consumers at
home" have increased 74 per cent. 1
The prospect for cheaper bread is
not bright, since the average yield of
wheat is only about thirteen bushels
per acre. Beef and pork are scarce,
as grain products are so high very
few are 'being fattened. Prices
especially for beef will continue to.
si ar as the demand is greater than
the supply. Texan, the greatest cat?
tle state in the union is being cut up
Into small farms and truck patches.
As there Is none other to take its
place, the chances are there will be
more mouths to feed and less to 1111
Farm products of all kinds have
advanced, in price, but if the farmers
will go to work snd pasture enough
hogs to make their meat and keep
a milch cow, they can cut down their
expenses to a lar.se extent. If you
have very little gr*in, plant plenty of
vegetables, especially collards,
squashes and watermelons. They will
help out the corn crib wonderfully.
The time haa conr.e when the farm?
ers will, of dire necessity, grow more
home supplies. A warning from an
old day book proves that you can't de?
pend on cotton for a living at 18
cents a pound, much less 12 1-2
and IS cents.' Lets become as near
self-supporting as possible by grow?
ing very little cotton and planting
grain and other by-products to meet
our expenses. When we do this we
will be independent and can snap
our Angers at the trusts, stock barons
and packers. The people who follow
other vocations WtU feel the effects
of high prices more keenly than the
farmers. Why kick and howl? Go
to work In an Intelligent manner and
better your condition and not spend
your time in useless repining.
Miss Clyde Weldon spent last week
with Miss Colsey Robertson.
Miss Letha McLeod is visiting W.
Mrs. T. C. Robertson spent yester
dsy at Herrlots.
Rev. R. E. Sharp and Messrs.
Charlie, J. L and W. H. Shiver went
to Columbia yesterday to attend the
Laymen's Mission*-y meeting.
Mr. Sharp . preached an excellent
sermon last Sunday to a large and
appreciative audience. The writer
heard many remarks concerning him
that were quite complimentary.
Egypt, Jah. 19.?With good weath?
er the farmers are making a rapid
start towards the beginning of a new
crop. Hauling fertilizers is the order
of the day?about the same amount
will be used this rear as last. A lit?
tle plowing has been done. Oats are
slowly recovering from the recent
cold. Moat of the farmers sold their
cottonseed this year.
Rev. Sharp has arrived and made
his round on the St. John's and Rem
bert circuit. He seems to be much
liked, as the etewarde have raised
his salary to 91.000.
Mr. L. A. White spent yesterday in
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Weldon were Im
Dr. T. D. Foxworth left today for
McCol), 8. C, where he will practice
medicine for the year. He is a good
man and the people will miss him
very much?also the church. We
wish hbm success and hope that he
will soon be able to return to our sec?
Mrs. Essie Bourne after several
days visit with relatives in this sec?
tion has returned to her home at
Mr. J. R. McLeod spent Saturday
Little Alma Peebles has been very
sick for several days, but we are glad
to report her much better.
Mrs. J. W. Gibson of, Blshopville,
spent Sunday and Monday with rela?
tives at this place.
Mr. J. K. Rlchbourg went to Bis.i
Mr. L A. White and son Lawrence,
spent Saturday and Sunday with rel?
atives at Rembert.
Mr. W. T. McLeod spent last Fii
day in Blshopville.
The people of Lee County are with?
out a supervisor, Mr. Mooneyhan hav?
ing died Saturday night.
The health of the community is
Another Holiday Suggested.
SUtehurg, Jan. 19.?We were re?
minded in our celebration today of
Oen. Lee's birthday, that the South
had greatly honored this hero of war
by making thle day a holiday In all
the States of the late Confederacy;
but we could not help reflecting upon
the serious omission in not having
the greatest statesman of this sec?
tion honored equally with the great?
est soldier, and certainly South Car?
olina should feel It a duty to bring
abnut this equal recognition of the
South's two (2> greatest servants.
The ISth of March, Cnlhoun's
birthday, deserves the same consld
erutlon in the Stat.> of Virginia that
Uee'i no rits in South Carolina, and
If VlrKina would manfest an equally
generous spirit toward Carolina's
statesman as Carolina shows toward
Virgina's soldier, it would contribute
to the just feeling In distributions of
honors throughout the South.
There is no question but that Cal
houn was as distinct and worthy a
leader of the South In peace as Lee
was in war and there would be great?
ly Increased bestowal of honor on
this section by having two, Instead
of one, of our citizens, presented to
the world's admiration, of command?
ing genius and stainless character, as
the representatives of our Intelli?
gence and virtues.
RAVEN EL LITERARY SOCIETY,
POINSETTE LITERARY SOCIETY,
Of the Gen. Sumter Memorial Acad?
GOOD ROADS MEN MEET.
Statt? Convention Opens at Columbia
With Fine Attendance.
Columbia. Jan. 18.?At the sessions
of the 11th annual convention of the
South Carolina Goofi Roads Associa?
tion held today and tonight in the
hall of the house of representatives*
the fact was brought out that the
good roads question in this State is
just a plain business proposition,
which the people will have to face
in the near future. A highway com?
mission and a highway engineer were
endorsed in many of the addresses
before the sessions. A bond issue
was approved by many. It was the
sense of the meeting that more in?
telligent road building is needed in
There were present at the sessions
today men of every profession In
South Carolina. They were here for
a purpose, as shown by the great in?
terest displayed In all of the speeches
delivered. From the sentiments ex?
pressed at the sessions it is evident
that there will be no more good
roads talk and agitation but good
roads work. The delegates were urg?
ed by the speakers to do something,
and do it now.
There will be an experience meet?
ing of the county supervisors and
commissioners tomorrow when these
officers will tell of Just what has been
done towards the improvement of the
public highways of the State during
the past year. Every county is rep?
resented at the meeting. There were
a number of the legislators present
and all of the addresses were listened
to with interest.
Among those delivering addresses
were: Dr. S. C. Mitchell, of the Uni?
versity; Prof. Twitchell, of the Uni?
versity; D. N. Winslow, of the United
States good roads office; President
Hyatt, of the Association; Senator
Smith, 'Commissioner Watson, Col.
Jas. Cosgrove, of Charleston, and
others. The annual report of Presi?
dent Hyatt was read and was very
COTTON AGAIN SLUMPS
Heavy Selling Movement Continues
And Prices Decline.
New York, Jan. . 18.?Tho New
tork cotton market, following the
downward movement, which began
t'hortly after New Year's touched
new low levels again today, with esti?
mated liquidation of 800,000 bale*
The recurrence of extreme weakness
seemed to create more apprehension
than other recent breaks in price*,
and at this the market was utterly
demoralised. At the low point of the
day, March contracts showed a de?
cline of 76 points from the closing
figures of last night, while May. reg?
istered a loss of 73 points. In the
latter case, as compared with the
high point of the season, this is a
drop of $14.80 a bale. When these
low levels were reached, however,
an enormous demand from strong
trade Interests, whose purchases
checked the decline on Fr'day,
brought about a rally and a firm
close. Purchases by spinners who
realized that future markets have
had a decline of nearly 3 cents a
pound from the top, while spot mar?
kets have lost little more than $5
per bale, and who are buying as 8
hedge against forward requirements,
also had a strong influence towards
sustaining the market.
Generally speaking, today's heavy
seil'rg is supposed to have represent?
ed liquidation by strong Interests,
who have accumulated large lines of
oniracts during the progress >f the
bull market without much publicity
These holdings they carried over the
break of last week, but apparently
lost confidence because of the failure
of the market to maintain Its rally
of last Saturday.
With the day's liquidation it is esti?
mated that since this tremendous
selling movement began, about two
weeks SgO, speculative holdings
amounting to nearly 4,000,000 bales
have been disposed of. These con?
tracts are supposed to have gone
largely into the hands of trade in?
Vwsj men put off until tomorrow
the mesnSSS they can do today.
The scientific gentleman who says
Americans are Sating more than they
USSd to should not judge a nation by
its holiday appetite?Washington
THE ASYLUM SCANDAL
INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE DIS?
CLOSES DEPLORABLE CON?
There Has Been Lack of Business
System in Management, Neglect of
Patients and Disregard of Saiitnry
Precautions?There is a Crying
Need for an Immediate and Radical
Change?Dr. Balx<xk. the Super
intciident. Has Failed to Give In?
stitution Needed Oversight.
Columbia, Jan. 19.?The reports of
the commission appointed to investi?
gate the affairs at the State Hospital
for the Insane have been made pub?
lic. The majority report, signed by
Senators Christensen and Bates and
Representatives Dick and Harrison,
is a stinging arraignment of the
board of regents for neglect of their
duties, particularly those laid on
them by their own rules and regula?
tions, which require that they shall
report the conditions at the hospital
each month. The report is most tem?
perate attaching blame to no one,
presenting the facts as they were
found, the laws of the State and the
institution and the neglect of both,
but worse than all, through the testi?
mony submitted showing the very
grossest violations of the ordinary
rules of sanitation and even decency,
such as the bathing of 15 patients of
one ward in the same water in a
bath tub, and some of those probably
afflicted with syphilitic disease or tu?
berculosis. The location of the foul?
est water closets, centres of wide pol?
lution, within a few steps of what is
practically an outdoor kitchen, the
absence of screens and many other
gross violations of the commonest
laws of health.
The committee seems to have split
hopelessly on the scope that the in?
vestigation should take.. The majori?
ty report is from those who consider?
ed It their duty to examine any and
all conditions around the hospital,
the minority, signed by Senator Har
dln and Representatives Cary and
Sawyer, contending for confining the
Investigation within certain charges
brought before the commission. This
latter construction is the one con?
tended for by the friends of the su?
perintendent and regents, who, sure
of the fact that these gentlemen did
not see that they were neglecting
their duty, would have spared them
the unpleasantness of the cruel ex?
posures made by the Investigation.
No one would charge Dr. Babcock, one
of the most eminent scientists in the
country, with intentional neglect of
so great a charge, but the evidence j
submitted and the array of photo?
graphs of the Institution made under
the direction of the committee are
The board of regents is composed
of Messrs. W. J. Gooding, Hampton;
J. Perry Glenn, Anderson; W. W.
Ray, Congaree; J. H. Taylor, Colum?
bia. There are no better men in the
State than these. For their work
these regents receive a per diem of
not more than $250 a year and mile?
age when they attend meetings. The
superintendent, who is also the chief
physician, receives 13,000 a year
and a residence on the grounds.
The report points out that the reg?
ulations of the board were made 18
years ago, and been changed very
little since that time and no adoption
of modern ideas In such institutions.
"Not only," says the report, "have the
expenditures of the appropriations
been in some cases wastefully man?
aged, but not enough has been asked
for to maintain the proper standard
of such an institution.
The report calls attention pointed?
ly to the fact that the regents of the
Institution, in their own minutes, ac?
knowledged that the State has al?
ways given them all thaUthey asked
for for the maintenance of the Insti?
tution, but that even in the matter
of appropriations asked for for the
purchase of additional land, and the
buildings needed, when the legisla?
ture scaled them down the board
usually went ahead and had the work
contemplated done and the deficien?
cy, more than the iginal amount re?
quested, wa? *e up by the next
legislature. T -egents complained
of nothing but the crowding of the
Institution, and yet the laws of the
State were specific to the effect that
the institution was to be for none ex?
cept Insane persons, and the manage?
ment had not refused to admit many
Inebriates, weak mlrded persons and
Idiots in violation of the law, when
the institution was admittedly over?
crowded. The report shows on De?
cember 13. 1.533 inmates?520 white
women, 370 white men, 321 negro
women, 322 negro men. There are
four departments of the institution,
patients divided as to race and sex.
The institution owns 360 acres of
land, on 60 of which the buildings of
the institution are located, the rest
being farm and dairy.
The commission points out the du?
ty of the superintendent to enforce
discipline, give his entire time to the
management of tin* institution end Its
force of employes. The report con?
tinues to show that there is lack <'f
system in tin- nodical, mechanical
and financial departments of the In
?tltution, that discipline is lax, that
there is "an atmosphere of disorgani?
zation, want of cooperation with
those in authority, a feeling of apa?
thy and helplessness." That for sev?
eral years there were daily confer?
ences of the staff of physicians, but
they have for some time been discon?
tinued. That no reports are made
to the superintendent of the condi?
tion of individual patients, that the
women's ward is in much better con?
dition, and receives frequent visits
from the superinendent, and until : e
cently he was visiting physician in
the negro women's ward, but has not
been in touch with the male wards in
One by one the rules applying to
the superintendent are quoted and
ueglect pointed out, even to the fact
that the superintendent had no office,
and is to be found, when needed, at
his residence, from which he has but
1 rar??!y been absent during the long
tei\. of his superintendency, but the
Inadequateness of such provisions Is
pointed out strongly. The failure of
the treasurer and other officials to
keep detailed records and accounts *s
I stressed particularly. There seems
1 to be absolutely no system at all of
office work, and the committee points
I out the 'oss to the State through such
The farm seems to be the only de?
partment that can be commended.
In the matter of the burial of the
dead, shocking conditions are polnt
I ed out. In fact, from the testimony,
j the pictures and the conclusions of
j the committee, It may .be reasonably
I assumed that the unfortunate ln
I mates of the institution are given lit
I tie, if any, more consideration, dead
or alive, than so winy impounded
j dogs. Bodies were buried on top
j of bodies at Elmwood cemetry
I when the lot bcame crowded, until a
J shocked humanity revolted. There
are no makers, and one man after
j working for years to save money
enough to bring the body of his d??ad
wife home for burial, could find no
trace of her remains in the general
conglomeration of bones and bo lies
piled up in the cemetery lot. The
I next change was to a part of the
j present farm property, and the chol
I era hogs and the dead are kept in
I the same lot.
The commission severely criticises
I the laws providing for patients being
I carried to the hospital by the sheriff
j or his deputies, pointing out how
j their being brought, often in shack
I Us, 1b a serious detriment to their
I There are no clinical records kept
I and no classification of patient?.
I Many of the patients are sane at in
I tervals and many of them are weak
I minded or inebriates, and they arc
j made to stay i.i close wards with the
I insane. Many attendants are report
I ed illiterate and brutal, many cas3s
I of brutality being reported, showing
I lack of discipline. There are not
I enough attendants, and It seems to
I have been a fact recognized by the
I management, but no effort was made
I to.supply the deficiency. The wards
I are Infected with vermin, even the
I white women's wards, which have re?
ceived the greater part of the atten?
tion. The male patients are allowed
to be unkempt and ragged; they are
palletted on bundles of straw in many
cases; there are no proper or ade?
quate bathing facilities, and the pic?
tures of the bath room show most
disgusting surroundings, far from
Under the.head of "Treatment for
Insanity," it is shown that the ad?
mittedly best methods of sanitation,
proper feeding and occupation are
every one disregarded. The food ?s
badly prepared by cooks who never
learned to cook, and the kitchens are
unsanitary, in the basements with
leaky uoors above them, and no
screens, food supply always the aame.
service of meals shocking, service
generally being in dirty, greasy, bat?
tered tin plates, frequently set down
for sick patients in close proximity
to open and foul chamber pots Pa?
tients who ought to be occupied arc
shut up In close wards to mope, or
exercised In narrow yards, but the
dreary life of an inmate is generally
spent in unchanging monotony of
hanging about the narrow, ill-vent.O
ated wards with gibbering idiots and
The commission Insists on occupi
tion and amusement and hydrjther
apy for the cure of patient?, which
seems to be practically Ignored In the
South Carolina institution. It M
shown that mechanical restraint -s
used In an average of seven per cent
of the patients here, compared With
only one per cent, in other hospital*
in the United States, and in many
of them no mechanical restraint frt
a'.. The report says that member*
of the committee have seen scr-air?
ing women strapped down to beds In
!oi*ged rcorns and in other depart?
ments patients In restraint lying in
defiled leds. This hoepita' ent??l*)<*i
a maximum of restraint and allows
It Indiscriminately, while In modern
institutions it is forbidden, or most
Government reports are quoted to
show that in the South Carolina hos?
pital the death rate Is the highest in
the United states, 21.54 par cent, as
compared with a general average of
the States of about 11 per cent, and
the recovery rate the lowest. As a
summary the report states that the
place is unfit for a place of detention
by tne State, that no proper treat?
ment is provided for insanity, and
the custodianship is a menace to the
health and life of the afflicted ones.
It is pointed out, for one thing,
that the place is not only a death
trap, but a fire trap of the worst
kind, and no fire instructions or fire
drill is given. A volume might be
rilled with facts and findings to make
that statement more terrible in *t?
impre-ssiveness, but it may all be
summed up In the satement tha*
South Cr.rolina in the care of her af?
flicted children has hardly passed be?
yond the staue of medaevali8m.
It is estimated that it will require
$350,000 to put the plant in anything
like the condition that it ought to bo.
so it is suggested that the present
plant be sold, the land being worth
$400,000, and two plants, to cost
vbTO.OOO, each, be erecttd by the
State elsewhere. W. H. McCAW.
The asylum investigating commis?
sion's minority report signed by Sen?
ator Hardin and Representatives
Sawyer and Carey, recommends re?
taining the present plant and secur?
ing more room by erecting sheds for
tuberculosis patients like those in
use in New York City, long, plain
sheds with swinging glass windows
and heated with steam pipe. Lack
of room is considered the most seri?
ous cause of all complaint at the in?
stitution and the minority thinks that
relief of this crowded condition
would give opportunity for reforms
on all lines. To still further relieve
this condition the minority recom?
mends colonizing epileptics and in?
ebriates on farms to be bought sev?
eral miles from the city. It is point?
ed out that the present buildings
need plumbing and heating, better
sanitation, more bath tubs, better ar?
rangements in the kitchens, the pres?
ent situation existing largely on ac?
count of lack of money, due to the
board of regents^ being Indisposed to
ask for all that was needed, as the
State is small and taxes are high and
In regard to the management of the
institution the minority finds that in
the admission of patients the board
has not violated any law, but follow?
ed the law and their charitable
promptings; that the superintendent
has done the work of three men and
done it as well as could be expected;
that there has been lack of medical
and nursing force; that the Institu?
tion has been managed economically
as compared with other institutions;
the separation of regroes and whites
entailed expense in this State which
others did not have to meet.
The minority finds that conditions
In the white women's ward compare
favorably with any institution. The
negro women's building is fair, but
conditions in the men's wards are
The high death rate the minority
considers attributable to the crowd?
ed conditions and pellagra.
The need of reform is pointed out
in many ways, particularly in having
more resident doctors to devote their
whole time to the Institution, but the
report insists that faithful work has
been given by those in charge. ,
COTTON MANIPULATORS RAPPED
New Orleans, La., Jan. 19.?Apro- ,
po8 of the so-called bear raid in the
New York cotton market, President
W. B. Thompson, of the New Orleans
Cotton Exchange, Issued a signed
statement tonight, i:i which he says:
"If there was ever a time when the
cotton producer and the holder of
spot cotton should take a stand,
that time is the present. We have
recently passed through one of the
most trying and unwarranted de?
clines in the history of the cotton
trade. Spot cotton is intrinsically
worth little if any less than it was
two weeks ago, yet in the meantime,
through the manipulation of a few
bear operators in the New York mar?
ket, the entire cotton trade has been
for the time being demoralized.
"Let it be understood that the
slump in the contract market has not
affected the intrinsic value of cotton.
The law of supply and demand de?
termines this value. The New York
raid is not a legitimate incident of
the cotton trade either in spots or
futures. It represents the efforts of
a few men with much money to gain
their purpose by a guerrilla attack*
It is as if a man, or set of men, for
the sake of gratifying a personal
grudge and of reaping a personal
profit, should endeavor to stampede
the occupants of a crowded building
by the cry of 'fire.'
"This issue is a large one. It com?
prehends more than the Interests of
the bear or bull operators In'cotton.
It raises the question as to whether
a few manipulators shall demoralize
a great trade system and go unpun?
ished therefor. It affects the best
interests of not only the spot mar
k< t. but Ihe future market as well.
The moat powerful agent of retribu
ti< .. Is within the control of the far
mer and spot holders, If they will