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Obssaerlss and tributes sf respects
frtS as charged for.
Advantages Itaeilsed In
Freed Frosn Thea? Peats.
abashing ten. Jan. IS.?The benefits
f)of exterminating rattle ticks sr? be?
tas realised in a very practical way
In the parts of tbs South that hai
baas freed from these peats and re?
leased from quarantine. Dr. o. D.
Melvin. Chief of (he United States
Bureau of Animal Industry. In his
kjaanaal report recently submitted to
^tae Secretary of Agrtcultarb, has- the
following to ssy on this subject:
MAn investigation recently made by
tea bureau in this territory shows
tlsst great improvement has already
resulted from this work. More cat?
tle are being raised, sad a better
Itrade of breeding stock is bslng in?
troduced; calves grow faster, and cat?
tle pat on flesh more rapidly during
the erasing season and go into the
winter In better condition because of
Use absence of ths ticks; they can
he ssarkettd without quarantine- re?
directions, and higher prices are be?
ing obtained; dairy cows give a larger
yield of milk, and values of farm
lands are enhsnced. Aside from Its
earn observations, ths bureau haa re
oetved from, persons in the released
territory numerous lsttsrs and other
bmW^etsnens confirming ths foregoing
I asm testifying to ths great bene-i
following rhe extermination of
SMPsrencs Between ths prices
, for cattle from the tick-in
and ths prices of cattle
from above the
lout taking In
she improvement in qv al?
and weight of cattle because of
eradication of the tick. Ae more
l.eso.eeo cattle from the quar?
antined arse are nnnauUy sold In
fsBSSe markets, it caa easily be seen
that the extermination of the ticks
spanne an annusl Increase of st least
te.aee.tot in the prices obtained for
^Sewtnern cattle sold In Northern
Paerset* In addition to this, the In?
gress? la price of cattle sold locally In
the South would represent a large sum.
This local Increase has slready been
found to amount to from $3 to $16 a
In the territory recently freed
ticks An agricultural official of
saone of the Southern States reports
"Ahnt calvss In the tick-free area bring
Just double the price that can be ob*
tnlned for similar calves In the tick
In tented region.
"Heretofore It has been Imprsctl
oable to Improve the quality of South
era cattle by .ntroduclng fine breed
^ tng animals from other sections, be?
cause such animals wers liable to
contract Texas fever and die unless
protected by inoculation. Further
mere, It Is Impossible for animals to
attain good growth and to thrive
when they are heavily Infected with
fstlchs With the eradication of the
ticks, however, the Southern farmers
are enebled to produce good breeding
animals and to Improve the grade of
DILLON COUNTY BILL PASSED.
Opponents of the Dillon I to* Give Up
Columbia. Jan. SI.?The senate was
busy for four hours today with dis?
cussion on the proposed new coupty
of Dillon snd upon bills of general
I Intsrett. The Dillon County bill pss
Od to third resdlng having been made
a speclsl order for today, practically
the whole morning being taken up
with the matter of Into what circuit
Dillon County should go. Senator
^Montgomery, of Marlon, wished an I
"amendment to pass proposing that
Dillon should go into ths 12th circuit,
but by a vots of 13 to SO this amend?
ment was lost, snd Dillon will be
In tbs 4th circuit, ss given In the ori?
ginal bill. The minor committee
Amendments were adopted and the
bill passed to third reading.
The story of the average woman's
lift would make an Interesting novel
ft she thinks.
lasted ApeO, IM*.
'Be Jose en
55 FAMILY SCANDAL ;
MHK B. R, TOLLMAN JR. SUMMONS
SENATOR TILLMAN TO COURT.
Supreme Court Asked for Order to
Compel Senator Tillman to Re?
store to Mrs. B. It. Till man, Jr.,
Her Two CttUdroa Sordid Detain*
Of & R Ttllman, Jr.'s Brutal
Treatment of Oflis Wife Rehearsed
In the Assdaviu.
Special to The Dally Itera.
Columbia, Jan. 14.?When attor?
neys for Mrs. B. R. Tillman' Jr., ap?
peared before the Supreme Court to
begin proceedings, members of the
court said proceedings should ori?
ginate In the circuit court, but would
near argument on this point this af?
Columbia, Jan. 24.?Mrs. B. R
TlUman, Jr., today Instituted habeas
corpus proceedings before the Su
reme Court to compel Senator and
Mrs. B. R. TlUman to return her two
children to her, aged three and five
years, and be perpetually restrained
from Interfering with them.
The court after hearing her peti?
tion, which is supported by several
hundred affidavits from her town
people at Edgefleld. setting forth the
alleged wrongs and brutalities to?
ward her by her husband and insult?
ing demeanor toward her by Senator
TlUman, issued a writ against Sen?
ator and Mrs. TlUman requiring
them to show cause why the petition
should not be granted.
The real contest will come on the
return to the rule, and it will be a
bitter one, both sldee having employ?
ed fine legal talent. For the younger
Mrs. Ttllman appears Messrs. DePass
St DePass of the Columbia bar, and
Mr. Samuel McOowau Slmklns, of
the Edgefleld bar, while for the re?
spondents appear Ex-Solicitor J.
William Thurmond; who prosecuted
Bx-Lieutenant Governor Jamee H.
TlUman In hie trial for the killing of
Edltor N. Q. Gonsales of the Colum?
bia State, and Senator TUlman's eon,
Mr. Henry Ttllman of Greenwood.
Sensational are the charges the
younger Mrs. TlUman brings, partic?
ularly against her husband. They
are that after repeatedly outrageous?
ly Insulting her and brutally and
cruelly treating her while he was
[fsmVWn" nna"1 to rfeeley, 'following
hlch he only grew worse and at
times had attacks of delirium tre?
mens after promising to reform; that
after he had squandered much of her
estate; that after she had appealed
to his parents. Senator and Mrs. TlU?
man, with the result that the senator
only Insulted her and both blamed
her for the trouble between herself
and her husband snd for his drink?
ing to excess?that after all this and
much more her husband, she having
gone back to him following a separa?
tion, for the sake of their two child?
ren, In violation of his written agree?
ment to have the two children divide
their time beteewn their father and
their mother In case of separation,
had her order the two children dress?
ed while both families were at
Washington last November, under
pretense of taking the children on an
evening's visit to their grandparents,
turned them over to Senator and
Mrs. TlUman. who brought them to I
South Carolina, her husband then
deserting her while she was in "a
condition too delicate to mention,"
he also leaving for South Carolina
shortly afterward and filing a 7deed
at Edgefleld purporting to give the
children to Senator and Mrs. TlU?
man, alleging In this deed his wife's
"unfltness and inability to raise my
two children as they should be rais?
ed," although Mrs. B. R. Tllman, Jr.,
hau a handsome ancestral home at
Edgefleld and annual rentals in ad?
dition of $1,100.
The younger Mrs. Tillman is of a
delicate beauty, her features and
bearing giving all the indications of
high birth and of having beeen rear?
ed in an atmosphere of culture and
refinement. She Is the granddaugh?
ter of the late Governor F. W. Pick
ens, who was also ambassador to the
Russian court, where her mother was
born and christened by the czar,
Douschka, which means "little dar?
ling." Her mother's sister was the
first wife of the late United States
Senator M. C. Butler, whom Senator
Tillman defeated for reelection to
the United States senate after the
dramatic TlUman gubernatorial ad?
ministration. She Is a blood relative
of many of the old-time ruling fami?
lies of the State, and of course her
social standing Is the highest.
It has been expected that in order
to support the statement In the fa?
mous deed of her "unfltness" the
TMIrnans would make sensational
charges agaltjst Mrs. Tillman, and
that at the final hearing before the
id Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Ala
?ER. S. 0., WEDNEE
Supreme Court there would be much
washing of alleged soiled linen from
prominent family wardrobes and un?
loosing of family skeletons, and the
whole .State has been preparing Itself
for scandal and gossip. But it seems
that the gossips are to be disappoint?
ed in a measure, for the Tillmans
have sent word that they will not at?
tack Mrs. Lucy Dugas Till man's
"No, I wouldn't challenge Senator
Tillman," said a male relative of the
younger Mrs. Tillman today contempt?
uously: "that would be to acknowl?
edge him on the same social plane
as myself, which would be ridiculous.
If I do anything it will be to take a
hickory stick and frail hel! out of
him. But I am going to try and re?
Whether the decision not to attack
Mrs. Tillman Is due to the alleged
threat of her brother-in-law to hold
the person so attacking her "person?
ally accountable," Is not made clear,
but Is is clear that serious trouble
would follow such attacks.
Mr. and Mrs. Tillman's domestic
troubles appear to date from the
time he came home to Edgefield and
found Ex-Lieutenant Governor Jas.
H. Tillman, the slayer of Edltor N.
G. Gonzales of the Columbia State,
at his home, but though he Insulted
his wife on this occasion he apologi?
zed and acknowledged he had
wronged her. Col. Tillman, It Is
said, was at his kinswoman's inno?
cently playing with one of Mr. and
Mrs. Tillman's children at the time
Mr. Tillman came In In a rage.
In an affidavit submitted to the
court today Mrs. Tillman says that
on a previous occasion she was forc?
ed by her husland's drunken de?
bauches and cruel treatment to sep?
arate from him, but not until de?
ponent's husband under the influence
of excessive drink made a most out?
rageous, false and degraded attack
upon deponent's character; that de?
ponent, so outraged and Insulted,
flew through the night time with her
two infant children from deponent's
home at "Edgewood" to her sister's
home in Edgefield for protection,
where she remained for several
It would seem from the number
ai d character of the affidavits read
today In support of Mrs. Tillman's
right to the children that practically
every man and woman of standing
j ty^,"^^pjflMoe^s^-e^we^^B^^il^?. m\^?^>^fv
arms against Senator and Mrs. Till?
man and their son. Among the sign?
ers of these affidavits are several rel?
atives of Justice Gary, himself a
member of the Supreme bench. There
are over CO affidavits, practically all
of them signed by two or more, and
several having from 25 to 50 signa?
The signers Include the following,
all testifying that they have known
Mrs. Tillman either several years or
! from infancy, and that she is a wo
man of Irreproachable character,
modest, refined, cultured and pecu
1 Marly fitted and amply financially
able to care for and educate her own
Dr. J. Tompklns, her family physi?
cian; Judge J. W. DeVore, a mem
tbe- of the circuit bench; the Rev.
C. T. Burts, pastor of the Baptist
church at Edgefield; Wm. F. Cal
houn, a descendant of John C. Cal?
horn.; Wlgfall Jheatham, editor of
the local newspaper; over a hundred
of Edgefleld's most prominent mar?
ried women, Including the wife of
Finally, this afternoon, on the
third appearance of Mrs. Tillman's
attorneys, the Supreme Court Issued
a writ returnable next Monday.
RAILWAY DISASTER IN CANADA.
Part of Train Plunges Into lee-Cover?
North Bay, Ont., Jan. 21.?Death
in all its most terrible forms blotted
out the lives of at least a score and
perhaps two score people this after?
noon, when four cars of a Canadian
Pacific passenger train on the Soo
branch leaped from the tracks and
tearing down a steep embankment,
plunged through the Ice-covered sur?
face of the Spanish River. Some were
drowned, others were crushed to
death in grinding timbers. Most ter?
rible of all, maimed and injured,
caught in the wreckage of one tof the
ears, were burned to death.
The exact number of dead and In?
jured was still unknown here at a
late hour tonight, as telegraphic com?
munication has not yet been estab?
lished with the scene of the wreck
but according to stories told by in?
jured passengers brought to Sudbury,
It was one of th*? w^ist catastrophles
in the history of Canadian railroads.
Even a first class wood worker
cannot necessarily fill a position in a
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an<
ID AY. JANUARY 26.
W8RK OF LEGISLATURE.
STIIJj TINKERING WITH LIEN
i ?. LAW.
No Change Probable Tbla Year But
Matter tNot Settled?Many Coun?
ties Ask for Special Form of Gov?
ernment?Asylum Investigation the
Topic of Moat Interest.
Columbia, Jan. 24.?The refusal of
the house to pass the Hydrick anti
crop mortgage bill does not mean
that the house, after several years
In succession, having passed the re?
peal of the lien law, has repented
of its action and reversed Itself, it
merely means that the house, as rep?
resented by a majority of those who
changed their positions In this mat?
ter, was disposed to be conservative.
The repeal of the lien law was de?
manded because it was held that such
a statute was not a proper one on the
books. Thut having been repealed
It Is the desire of those repaling it to
see the effect on business, which can?
not be seen until after the settling up
time next fall. It was energetically
Insisted both during the discussions
on thfe repeal of the lien law and this
latter bill, that both would be neces?
sary if it were desired to work any
reform in the methods of doing bus
inesa on the farm, but the more con
servative members of the house hesi?
tated to break what is a constitu?
tional right on a chance of making
matters worse. Were it a question
of the reenactment of the lien law
the vote would be Just about what it
was last sess'on and the session be?
It Is very gratifying to those who
urged the change of the terms of the
county supervisors and superinten?
dents of education to four years to
note the fact that many of those
counties which secured exemption
from the provisions of this bill,
which was urged as a reform in do?
mestic politics, coming back and ask?
ing to be included within Its pro?
visions. At the same time it is dis?
appointing to note the number of
counties that are coming before the
assembly asking to have their form
of county government changed from
the established form, so that regular?
ity lh the government of the State,
stability In forms and systems seems
to be an lrrldescent dream. Local
growing majority, or what seem to
be a growing majority, desirse those
who favor the private sale of liquor,
are beginning already to agitate the
general breaking v down of barriers
in the State and if prohibition does
not keep liquor out, and if the funds
run low and the taxes high, there is
going to be a campaign on those
lines so no one need hope that the
liquor question is to be laid to rest.
There is plenty of precedent for a re?
turn to the sale of liquor after trial
and disappointment. The local op
tlonlsts are being urged to make a
desperate stand against the Injustice
of a State-wide bill after the re"fren
dum of the last session, and they
may fight hard, or, if they lack a
leader with grit and ability, may sur?
render after a skirmish. That is
hardly likely, however.
The significance of the asylum in?
vestigation is just beginning to be ap?
preciated by the members of the gen?
eral assembly. The report of the
commission is being very generally
discussed now, and all sorts of com
mv it, favorable and unfavorable to
all concerned, are made, some criti?
cise the commission as severely as
the commission criticises the manage?
ment. No one, however, has anything
but most generous expressions for
Dr. Babcock personally. It seems to
be the opinion of all, even those who
agree that the state of affairs at the
asylum are most disgraceful, that Dr.
Babcock has lacked administrative
ability, and has been guilty of no
greater wrong than lack of attention
to the affairs of the Institution, the
board is criticised for its perfunctory
examinations, and the routine exam?
inations of State institutions by com?
mittee has been roundly condemned.
There has been no action taken or
planned, so far as can be learned,
by either side, except the bill of the
majority of the committee to appiont
a board of charities and corrections
for the State, already noted. The
friends of the management are on
the defensive, wholly.
It is Interesting to note the flood
of bills that have been Introduced
requiring the different railroad com?
panies to erect depots tit various
points In the State. If the South?
ern compiles with all of the demands
of the towns along its line it will re?
quire another bond isue. In this, as
In so many things, the general as?
sembly Is being used as ? i?ig stick,
to force compliance With demands
of the public, or maybe, only a part
of the public with little regard to
1 Trotha." THa, ? Ul
1910. New 8erl
KNOX PROPOSAL REJECTED.
Russia and Japan Reject Plan to
Settle aMncirurian Railway Ques?
St. Petersburg;, Jan. 23.?The de?
livery of the Russian and Japanese
answers to the note of Secretary
Knox proposing the neutralization of
the Manchurian Railways, both of
which were in the negative, marks
merely the beginning of protracted
negotiations to determine the future
status of Manchuria.
The proposal of the purchase of
the existing railroads in Manchuria,
as formulated by Secretary Knox, is
considered here to have been put for?
ward largely with the idea of again
getting Russia and Japan on record,
since its rejection was foreordained
from the moment Japan was includ?
ed in it. The tenor of the memor?
andum indicated that Mr. Knox did
not expect acceptance of his proposi?
tion, but had based hopes for an al?
ternative proposal for the neutrali?
zation of the Chin Chow Algun. A
future railroad and building up a
powerful organization which would
be in a position to support China
when the date of the optional re?
purchase, 1939, arrives.
The foreign office here has been
most keen to ascertain further de?
tails concerning the Chin Chow-Al
gun railway proposal, and an official
repeatedly has sounded Mr. Rock
hill, the United States Ambassador,
concerning it, not so much to learn
the general financial arrangement,
but whether the line North of Tsilsi
har would be abandoned and wheth
re Russia's special Interest would be
recognized in the building and op?
erating of the northern sections of
I the railroad.
! Russia's final attitude upon the
J question will depend largely on the
i spirit in which the United States ap?
proaches the question of the ad
I ministration of Harbin, Rokovsoff,
minister of finance, and M. Isw^lsky,
? minister of foreign affairs, are ex
| asperated by the difficulties raised by
, this question. M. lswolksy recently
told Mr. Rockhlll flattly that the
j Un'ted States would drive Russia to
j arms with Japan if it persisted in its
uncompromising attitude concerning
the Harbin administration.
Aiken. Jan. 23.?After an illness
of about a week, Judge James Ald
rlch passed away at 12 o'clock today.
The judge began to weaken percept?
ibly last night and his death was ex?
pected by his relatives and friends.
? At the time of his death all of his
6isters and his daughter, Mrs. Hall
were at his bedside.
About a week ago Judge Aldrich
suffered a physical collapse and he
stated from the first that he would
Arrangements have been made for
the funeral exercises to be conducted
at St. Thaddeus Episcopal church of
which he was a member, on Tuesday
afternoon at 1:30 o'clock.
07 MORTGAGES PAID.
I Greenville, Jan. 22.?A most uni?
que happening occured yesterday in
the register of deeds office, when six?
ty-seven mortgages on one piece of
property were satisfied, and now the I
land in question is held by the heirs
without bonds or strings to it. When
Warren Sullivan, a prominent color?
ed farmer, who lived in Butler
Township, died years ago he left his
property to thirteen children. These
children have from time to time
given mortgages on their share of
the estate, and for the past few
years sixty-seven papers have been
held on this property.
the rights of the other party. On
tttJ trip to Winthrop a certain well
known and popular railroad man,
speaking of the trouble that the raill
I roads went to for the arrangement
! of trips for the legislature, said that
they did not object to it at all, they
, were willing to go to any reasonable
expense to get the members of the
assembly where they could not "leg?
islate," it was cheaper for the rail?
roads to haul them about over the
State than to comply with their leg?
The new rule of the house to take
"up general orders where the work of
the preceedlng day was left off, Is
going to work something of a revolu?
tion in the house procedure. The
new bills get a better chance, which
has its advantages, but with the slow
progress that the house is making,
hardly a half page a day. with near?
ly forty pages already on the calen?
dar, makes things look blue for the
great majority of bills, and the
scramble for special orders is going
to be fierce. The house Is likely to
start night sessions soon.
I SOUTHRON, BMMfcdMd JaM, UM
lea?Yol. XXX. ?o. 44.
POSTAL SAVINGS BAWKS LIKELY.
TAFT DETERMINED TO MAKE
GOOD PARTY PLEDGES.
President Cells Tiu-ee Senators Be?
fore Ulna, end Aaks Way Some of
the Measures Recommended by
Him should Not be Taken Up by
the Senate Now, and They Promise
To Get Busy.
Washington, Jan. 21.?President
Taft read in the papers today that
the senate was marking time while
the house is struggling with its vari?
ous appropriation bills. So he sent
for Senators Penrose, of Pennsyl?
vania; Crane, o* Maaachusetts, and
Carter, of Montana, and asked why
it would not be good time for the
senate to "get busy on some of the
measures he has recommended."
The President broached the subject
of the postal savings bank bill. All
three of the senators thus summoned
are members of the committee on
postoffice and post roads. Mr. Penrose
Is chairman. Senator Carter is spon?
sor for the measure.
But some senators, it was suggest?
ed in reply to the President, are not
warm advocates of the postal banks.
But, the President argued, the Re?
publican platform called for postal
sp.vings banks, and surely the sena?
tors were going to redeem the party
But what about the house? This
was propounded as a poser.
President Taft is said to have as?
sured the senators that they need not
worry about the house. It is said
that there is every reason to believe
that the house is coming around all
"Every man on Capitol Hill If
looking for another term and he's
got to do something, and all the Re?
publicans, regardless of the fight
against Cannon or the rules commit?
tee, are going to vote for Mr.' Taft's
measures," said one of the President's
So it happened when Senator Pen
rose, Crane and Carter left the White
House, the latter^actlng as spokes?
man for the trio, declared:
"The postal banks, however, will
not be the drat of the Taft measures
considered. , The President ranks his
importance,^j|fed he so indicated his
position to fwe senators this after?
The President told his callers also
that he regarded at least one of the
conservation bills he has recommend?
ed to congress as of prime Importance.
This is the bill to validate the with?
drawal of lands containing water
power sites, coal and phosphate.
President Taft believes that the
senate should go ahead with these
three masures at once and then, he
says, the house can get them in some
sort of shape and can put the meas?
ures through in short time once the
supply bills are disposed of.
The President is confident that Sen?
ator Aldrlch will do all he can to fur?
ther the purpose of the postal sav?
ings bank bill. This bill, it is argued,
will give the leader of the senate an
opportunity to show the people of the
country that they are to get their
share of the benefits of forthcoming
financial legislation. Mr. Aildrich is
anxious to secure the support of the
country for the new currency laws
and the central bank of issue, or
whatever form the legislation may
take, and the President believes that *
the best way to secure this support is
first to provide for the postal banks.
Throughout the remainder of the
present Congress it is agreed the cau?
cus rule is to prevail In the house of
representative. This state of affairs
is accredited to the foes of the Presi?
dent. The power of Speaker Cannon
and the rules committee has been so
far impaired that the caucus has
come as the best and fairest means
of providing for legislation. Before
each caucus is held the purpose of
the gathering is to be announced and
no other subject Is to be considered.
Regulars and insurgents alike are to
be Invited to such caucuses, and In
this way the Adminlstratior. believes
it is assured of the support of all Re?
Mistrial in McGaha Ca*e.
Greenville, Jan.. 22.?The jury
trying Alex. Chapman, Dock Chap?
man and Remulus Peden, three ne?
groes, for the murder of John Mc?
Gaha, a member of the Ashley fam?
ily at a hot supper in the lower part
of the county over a year age was dis?
missed tonight at 10.30 o'clock by
Judge Wilson because they could not
agree on a verd ct.
Only eleven jurymen heard the
case. Eight stood for conviction and
three for acquittal.