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Cfcc tt&uKiNiUii M e:a:iuH,
WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 26, I9l0.
The Sumter Watchman was found
tat la 1110 and the Trut Southron In
ltlf. The Watchman and Southron
now haa the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
ns>d la manifestly the beat advertising
tn*^tT?*~ *n Snrrt^r
til mM% ? I M RKPORT.
.V The report of the legislativ? com?
iltt** that Investigated the state
? Hospital for the Insane ha* been
more dlecuse+d during the past we*k
the* eng other matter that has been
. brought before the legislature this
year. The Importance of the Issues
lave bred fully warrants all the atten?
tion that the report has received.
The report of the majority Is a clear
eat and dispassionate statement of
the facts reevaled by the investiga?
tion and the recommendations made
for the alleviation of the Intolerable
and disgusting conditions existing In
the asylum call for prompt action,
statement made In this major
report Is fully borne out by the
ny taken by the committee,
there Is no escaping the conclu
that the conditions discovered to
eaJel hare been the reeult of a cul
a neglect of duty by those charg
srtth the administration of the In
on. This being so, sweeping
in the personnel of the asyl
ea management Is Imperative. No
4oubt the buildings and equipment
are antiquated and Inadequate, but
I the evidences of neglect and careless
ennnsgemnt are worse than anything
else and with new buildings there
should be new management. To pro
flee new buildings will cost a large
euta. but cost what It may, the State
taust diso ha rue the duty It owes to
the unfortunates who are confined In
the asylum. The legislature should
not adjourn without providing the
raeane for a new and thoroughly
equipped Institution for the care of
The minority report doee not at
tesapt to controvert the facts brought
eat by the Investigation and recited
la the majority report, but Is an
apology for conditions and* inferen
tsalty a defense of ths asylum man?
agement. Taken In connection with
the testimony and the careful and
enuasrvatlvs etatement of facts con
ts Inert* In the majority report, It Is
without weight or Infleunce.
President Taft has wheedled the
regul?re and Insurgents Into line and
party measures will be put through
Just as if there had never been a
raw In the Republican camp. The
party of spoils le a well managed ma?
? ? e
Rev. Coke D Mann eald some pret?
ty rough things about Dr. Meli, but
he did not eey he was an enemy of
? ? ?
The effort of the Sumter County
Farmers' Union to organise corn
eJube ehould receive substantial en
couragement and support from this
city. The Chamber of Commerce
ehould take the lead In a movement
to raise a fund of several hundred
dollars for prises.
? e ?
The man who will quit eating meat
to aid Ln the fight against the trusts
has the conrage of his convictions,
hut he ehould bear In mind that the
whiskey trust la Just as big and a
whole lot meaner than the meat
Ws don't want the ladles of the
Game Cock olty run over on Main
and Liberty streets. I notice often
the ladlee have to dodge and wait
when they are down town shopping
to avoid being run over by a wagon,
buggy, or automobile
There should be a law made pro?
hibiting fast driving In the business
portion of the city. After some one
of our mothers, wives or daughters
get run over snd killed, It will be too
late to make a law. I think now Is
the t*me to stop it.
When the men wss ready to kill
cow his little son. who was hold?
ing the rope, said to him: "Be ye
gwlne to hit where ye are looking?"
father answered. "Yes." "Well
dud ye'll have to hold de cow den."
Hte father was creea eyed.
Toe majority of our ilil/ena w t ? .
they ure riding see crooked and v* ill
run over you or at least you will
think they sre going to?if you don't
jet out of the way.
1 say make a law and enforce It.
prohibiting fiHt driving In the bu-d
hese part of the city.
I want the boys to rally around
the polls In Msrch and vote me ma) '
or. The Rnke.
Win. Meauregard Costln.
Sumter. M. rv. Jun. 23. 1910.
Just received a c*ar of fine Mules,
One oer Of horses (24 head) arrived
Friday evlnlng. II.
Rhnw * r>rpke.
Farmers' Union News
j Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by K. \\. Dabbs, I're*Ulcnt Farmers' Union of Sumter
Thu w itcbman and Southron having decided to double its service by
r publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first t< be inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Pra< I i il I ariners which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
gl 1 members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thins, will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o*?r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ublished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville. S. C.
The Gold Mine of the Farm.
I visited once an Intelligent farmer
In Alabama, who was breeding fine
stock and making large crops of
wheat In a section that had been de?
voted to all-cotton, and though he
kept many cattle. I found his barn?
yard so clean that a lady could have
walked over It In slippers. This man
realised that his manure was a gold
mine and did not let It run to waste.
He said that when he began to grow
wheat, he was laughed at, but he
persevered, though his first crop was
but six bushel* per acre, and when
I was there he was making 4,000 to
5,000 bushels of wheat at the rate
of 35 bushels per acre. He was a
man who found that It paid to feed
cattle In the South and make man?
ure. Growing large crops of wheat,
he did not have to rake pine straw
for bedding, but had a great surplus
of straw, and some of this he used
for covering red galls and gullies on
He showed me large spots which
were formerly bare galls. He cover?
ed them two feet deep with wheat
straw and let It He there to stop the
frosting off and washing until It was
completely rottedl Then the rotten j
straw plowed down deeply put some j
humus Into the soil and the gall was
no more. In the gullies filled with
straw the soil collected, and soon the
gullies could be plowed In and were
Where a man practices a good ro?
tation of crops, grows small grain
and feede good forage to cattle,
plowe deeply and subsoils the red
hills, he soon finde that In the man
ure made on the farm he has a real
gold mine that lncreasee In value and
production year after year. The more
manure used, the more feed can be
grown; the more feed, the more cat?
tle can be fed; and the more manure,
the more corn and cotton, until the
farmer is Independent of the fertili?
ser mixer.?Progressive Farmer.
Seme Winter Farm Work That Pays
Now is a good time to do the
ditching which Is needed and which
it is practicable to do. Much land is
now almost valueless for lack of
proper drainage, and much of the
ditching which has been 'done
has been at too great cost
and Is not effective. The average
spade ditch with Its narrow, deep
channels, and Its high banks, which
prevent surface water entering It, Is
made at too great a cost and Is then
of little value. A good plow, a
scraper, two or three mules and two
men will do more and better ditch?
ing at half the cost than a dozen
men will do with spades and shovels.
If we must have open ditches?
and for a time many of us must still
depend on these for surface drain?
age?let us build shallow wide dltch
eu, with the plow and scraper and
carry the dirt Into nearby depres?
sions rather than pile it up along
the sides of the ditch to keep the
surface water from entering the ditch
after we have gone to the expense of
digging it. These shallow ditches
not only cost less and drain the land
better, but they serve us turn rows,
may he crossed with any sort of ma?
chinery tnd are consequently easily
kept clean.?Raleigh, (N. C.) Pro?
gressive Farmer and Cm/., tie.
Making the Schools Train for Life.
Heretofore the echoollni we have
has c.-iused nine nun >> \\ of ten on
Ihe farms to think of themselves an
leading geteilt Uvea On? sohooli
loohed to "business 1 and the city as
the logical and "dignified" place fot
the educated man. Now, hOWeVOf,
Ihe BehOOll ure beginning tO train for
net aal farm life, and we even heard
yesterday of a school In ?Jranvllle.
County. X. which Is arranging to
have classes of grown-up farmers ev
ery Friday afternoon.
Text-books on agricultural POlenot
are beginning to ilnd a place in the
??'hools; corn clubs are stirring the
where; and the agricultural high
school, in spite of the difficulties in
getting started, must soon win rec?
ognition as a successful part of our
The good that is to come from this
changed attitude of the schools it is
impossible as yet for us to appre?
ciate. When the millions and mil?
lions of boys on our farms and In our
shops feel the same keen Interest and
pride In their work which your city
business man feels, put their hearts
into it as fully, and realize the dig?
nity of being an educated scientific
worker, no matter In what Industry
or business, then Indeed we shall
have almost a new era, not only In
the history of Industry, but In the
history of the race.
Let us work to speed the day?
CRADLE OF THE RACE.
Bold Plan to Restore the Garden of
To restore the Garden of Eden
sounds like a bold enterprise, yet a
plan suggested by Sir William Will
cocks, the English engineer who
built the Aesuan Dam, makes the
project sound entirely feasible. It is
Mesopotamia, "the land between the
rivers" Tigris and Euphrates, with
which he is dealing, and he purposes
to turn the surplus waters of the Eu
phrfttes into the river Pishon and to
carry down the delta a great canal
which would not only bring back the
productiveness of several million
acres of land but would guard the
region from the overflows of ths
Tigris. Had Nosh been a hydraulic
engineer, Sir William adds, he might
have saved his country as well as his
family by constructing the Pishon
river reservoir. But that would have
Involved historic losses as well as
gains. It marks a definite step in
the world's progress that the work
of reconstruction should now be un?
dertaken by the Turkish ogvernment
which thereby demonstrates Its real
reform to broader views and more
To build this canal, which will
double the cultlvatable area along the
Euphrates, will take three years and
cost $2,000,000 or less. Supplement
lng it. Sir William proposes a rail
road from Bagdad to Damascus
costing $11,000,000, which would
open the way to the Mediterranean
the natural commercial outlet of
Mesopotamia. Such a road seems
to be demanded because the lrriga
tlon scheme will impair the navlga
blllty of the river. And even before
the increased wheat harvests are
ready for transport there will be
freight to carry and passengers to
convey?Mohammedan pilgrims vis
Itlng holy places and tourists who
will feel, probably, more Interest i
the "Arabian Nights country" than
In the "cradle of the race."
There may be some question that
the railroad is Indispensable, though
Asiatic enterprises of this kind have
generally met with astonishing sue
cess and have been profitable to th
projectors as well as valuable to th
territory through which they pass. Of
Uli economic importance of the ca
nal there can scarcely be a <louht
thi transformation wrought in th
va'ley of the Nile can probahly
duplicated along the Euphrate
Great cities may never again raise
that region whore the arehaealogls
have long bSSn busy among the nil
of historic: capitals, hut th.' land may
once more become a "gardsn"?not
an Eden, perhaps, but far removed
from ths desert that latsr genera?
tions havs Known as tin same of its
rulers, Moston Transcript. ,
sheriff Burch, of Florence, came
wer Monday morning with ;i war?
rant for a man named Livingston, who
was wantsd for jumping ins board
hi', at tin- Florence Hotel. Sheriff
Burch was accompanied by one of
the hotel men who knew Livingston,
and as they got off the 1 1 o'olock
train they met Livingston on the sta?
tion yard. Livingston took to his
hssls, hut after a short eljssfl
MULK DRIVER TO AMBASSADOR.
It. C. Kerens' Case illustrates, Flip
flopg of Time's Whirligig;.
Leavenworth Labor Review.
Truly time works wonderful
changes and one of the most wonder?
ful in America, this land of magical
changes, is the appointment of Rich?
ard C. Kerens, of St. Louis, to be am?
bassador to Austria.
The original location of the Kerens
family in the United States was in Io?
wa, from where they moved to Doni
phan county, this State, where they
resided for some years, and then the
family, consisting of father and
mother, two brothers and one sister*
removed to Leavenworth, where they
made their home for several years.
While they lived on Ottawa street, the
father and the mother died, and to?
day their remains lie in the old aban?
doned Catholic cemetery, adjoining
the Federal prison quarry on Gov?
Both Richard V. Kerens and his j
brother obtained employment at Fort j
Leavenworth as teamsters, or, as It
was more familiarly called in those
days, "mule whackers," and this was
their means of gaining a livelihood
during the years they spent there.
Finally Richard C. gained a promo?
tion, and left there as assistant wag?
on master under "Jack" Wilson,
father-in-law of R. B. Bradford, of
St. Louis, and who died in Chicago a
short time ago, for Fort Sm!th, and
Leavenworth knew him no more.
The house where his father died In
Ottawa street Is still standing, and is
occupic J by a colored family, while
the last place occupied by the fami?
ly, a one-story frame with a stone
wall in front, in Seneca street, bids
fair to last for many a year to come.
But what a change! The erstwhile
"mule whacker," who had to earn a
livelihood by manual labor long af?
ter he had reached manhood, and
only after four years' steady work
gained a slight advance In position, is
today quoted as being worth between
30 and 40 million dollars, and is am?
bassador to the oldest and most aris?
tocratic monarchy In Christendom.
Marriage and Divorce Facts of the
World at n Glance.
The marriage rate Is larger in
Southern than in Northern States.
Marriages are increasing most rap?
idly In the Far West and decreasing
in Northeastern States.
The United States has the highest
marriage rate of any country in the
world, rivalled only by West Aus?
tralia, Hungary and Saxony. The
fewest marriages occur In Ireland,
with Sweden next.
There are far more divorces, both
In number and percentage, granted
In the United States than in any Eu?
ropean country* Ja.pan alone excels
The divorce rate Is rapidly Increas?
ing. It Is three times greater than
forty years ago.
Divorce Is more frequent In the
Far West. Washington and Montana
head the list Delaware, New Jer?
sey and New York are lowest
One in every twelve of the mar?
riages now performed will be dis?
solved by divorce.
Two-thirds of the divorces grant?
ed are to wives.
The most common ground for di?
vorce Is desertion. Cruelty and adul
etry come next. These three account
for three-fourths of the cases.
Only fifteen per cent, of the cases
are contested. Three out of every
four applications are granted.
He Was Generous.
Some time ago a crowd of Bowery
sports went over to Philadelphia to
see a prise fight. One "wls-.? guy"
who, among other things, is some?
thing of a pickpocket, was so sure of
the result that he was willing to bet
"The Kid's goln' V win. It's a
pipe," he told a friend.
IV.e friend expressed doubts.
* Sure he'll win," the pickp >eket
persisted. "I'll bet you a gold watch
Still the friend doubted.
"Why," exclaimed the pickpocket,
"I'm wlllln' to bet you a good gold
watch he wins! Y' know what I'll
do? Come through the train with
me now, an' you* can pick out any
old watch you like."?Everybody's
How He Knows.
In en assault and battery case
tried In a Cleveland court the prose?
cuting witness testified at length that
the defendant had knocked him
S< useless and nad then kicked him
for several minutes.
"It this man's attack render.1
you unconscious," demanded the
magistrate, "bow is it thai you know
he kicked you when you were
The queetlon seemed to door tin
witness. He was lost in reflection for
some moments; then, brightening, he
"I know it, your Honor. because
?hat'S wh?i T would v. ? done
One of Wisconsin's Mothers
i|Pf|Who Always Keeps
?fllPe-ru-na in the
f^B^^x^ work u ;;:i:n, and have a good appe
?^.V.?^ISI tite. i have u*<?d thirteen bottles
of Peruna and one of Maualin*
My husband and children are also
in Rood health. We always keep
Peruna in the house. I thank
you a thousand times for your
advi-c."?Mrs. Alvina Plamana,
1914 Walnut 6t., Milwaukee,
II any one really wanted to find out whether or not Peruna is good tor the
fcabv who would he naturally ask? Some one who never used Peruna? Bom*
one who is prejudiced against Peruna? Some one actuated by selfish motives
who is opposing Peruna for the sake of the notoriety?
Would any sane person who really wanted to know about Peruna ask any
Of these people? Of course not.
Who would they ask? They would ask mothers who have raised babies and
used Peruna for their babies times without number. They would ask the parents
who love their families, and know more about Peruna than all the professional
writers in the world.
Above we give the portrait and testimonial of one of the mothers who has used
Peruna, and who has raised healthy and happy babies. We have many raoro such
mothers in every state In the Union- These mothers give their testimonials en*
tirety unsolicited, without pay or expectation of pay. Their only desire is to
point out to other mothers a useful and reliable family medicine.
Ask Your Druggist for a Free Peruna Almanac for 1910.
Carp as a Food Fish.
When Seth Green stocked waters
in this State with German carp to
add to the food supply, he didn't
count on the delicate taate of Ameri?
cans. They wouldn't eat the coarse
fish, and treated the carp with con?
tempt. Now it seems a use has been
found for the carp. Some food ex?
perts, noting the low prices at which
smoked salmon was offered in Chi?
cago, and investigating, found that It
was carp treated with pink paint and
liquid smoke. Of course, that fraud
will be stopped; but if It was palat?
able, honest smoked carp, sold under
its true name, it ought to be a good
contribution to the country's food
supply. Evidently it only needs smok?
ing to make it good.?Watertown
The total number of persons em?
ployed at mines and at the quarries
of the United Kingdom during 1907
was 1.050,034. Of the 972,220 per?
sons employed at mines 776,456
worked undergound and 195.764
above ground. Of the hitter 5.864
ODonnell 6 Co.
Where Big Values for Little Money
are Always Found. : : : :
Silks for Linings!
Silks for Waists!
Silks for any use!
We place on sale on our
Center Tables about : :
500 Yards of Silks
Both Plain and Fancy. These Silks range in
price from 40c to 75c. To clem this lot up in
one day we will price them at
O'Donnell 6 Co.
A WORD TO THE WISE IS SUFFICIENT. ?9g