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riUfi ?rUTKR WATCHMAN, lattUI
Consolidated Aug. 3ft 188
Cbt Watchman anb Sratbrou
PtMMMd Wednesday and Saturday
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THE (XyPTON MARKET.
Prices V no hanged to
Ntw York. Jan. 26.?The cotton
market was weak and unsettled dur
and today's sarller trading, bet after
li sharp break had an almost equally
sharp rally with the close steady, net
unchsnged to * points higher. The
opening was stssdy at an advance of
? to IS points in response to better
cablet, with March contacts selling
14.1ft and May 14.27 oa the call. Dur?
ing the early trading Liverpool buy?
ing helped to sustain the market, but
there was a good deal of Wall street
eelttng attributed to the weakness of
1 the stock msrket snd local bear pres?
sure which seemed to reflect a feeling
la professional speculative circles
that the agitation against high priced
commodities and ths talk of legisla?
tive action against exchange would
he followed up generally by lower
isriees. At first this selling made
comparatively little Impression, but
as prices worked off. stop loss orders;
were tustcrcTsd. and during the ear?
ly axlsrpoon March contracts sold at
il.it ana May at 14.01. or it to it
isolate below ths high level ef the
} isiiasns; sja4 at a net decline of about
on the active %ttJj)|Sk
enecetkm of stop
sell was less urgent and
tn the later trading raj
ttte lewosjt 'en cov*
New Orleans tit*
ft.lfti last rear, and at Hews
4tf baits, agaisse tf.lOi seat
R3i ' ?er s4hjifc
snot close* oustt; middnng
14.1ft; middling gulf 14.84);
futures opened steadyand
rmsmr wHoors orncEH.
XL L. Ksjrfsoyet at Columbia
Woessded by Negro.
Columbia. Jan. 2ft ?It was learned
today that Special Officer 8. B. Boy
er. ef the Royster yard, had been
shot last night. At the Columbia
* Hoceital late tonight It was stated
- that hie condition was very grave.
The Roysttr yards are about two
miles from the city on the line of the
A. C. L. towsrd Humter.
Mr. Boy er was on duty at the
R oyster freight ysrds last nlghi.
when he discovered two negroes tak?
ing a quantity of k >?>d* from a freight
(ear on a siding. He sdvanced closely
on the thieves before he mads any
attempt to protect himself in case the.
negro a* sttscked him. snd aid not
have time to drew his pistol when the
negroes discovered him In che
struggle that ensued, one of the ne?
groes snatched Mr. Boyer's pistol
from his hand and shot htm. the ball
entering his shoulder, and coursing
downwsrd lodged In his body.
R. 8. Whaley. of Charleston, speak?
er of the hbuse of representatives,
may be s cendldats for lieutenant
governor In ths next election.
Two negroes were shot st s ''hot
super" In Calhoun county*
lehed April, i860.
'Be Jost a
GLAVIS, SECRETARY'S CHIEF AC?
"Case for the Prosecution" Summed
Up In the Allegation That Prior to
Entering the Government Service
Rallhiger Acted as Attorney for
Coal Company In Case* Believed to
Washington. Jan. 26.?The Balllr.g
er-PInchot Congressional committee
of Inquiry began Its public sessions to?
day, with Louis B. Qlavls, the chief
accuser of Secretary Ballinger, on the
witness stand. Due to many interrup?
tions and the final decision of the
committee to Insist that Jlavls' coun?
sel should make an opening statement
of what specific charges were roado
against Bellinger, the witness did not
<ct very far along in his nnrratlve.
There was opportunity, however, to
draw some conclusions as to the pre
l.minary line up *f the committee
"?e special cumel for Glavis,
Louis D. Brande'v of Boston, sum?
med up the "case for the prosecution'
ia this way:
That prior to entering the govern?
ment service in any capacity, Mr.
Ballinger acted as attorney In draw?
ing up an agreement in escrow and
deeds in the Wilson Coal Company
cases in Lewis County, Washington,
these cases being an alleged fraud
upon the land laws. Mr. Balllnger's
name did not appear in the court rec?
ords of the case.
That Mr. Baliinger as commission?
er of the land office in 1807 did not
show due diligence in Investigating
the alleged frauds connected with the
Cunningham coal land claims In
Alaska; that he had knowledge of all
the circumstances surrounding these
claims, and In spite of this entered the
employ of one of the claimants, after
leaving the land office and before be?
coming Secretary of the Interior; that
he orered theee claims to be "clear
t listed*' for patent withoat due Investi?
gation and that they would have gone
to patent If Glavis and others had
I got Intervened.
>t any one act. but a series
re<?; 104$? tftat It *J*e\ A*
tenant of Sie pople and pie-'
*<ern miaon* Boot and Suther
*****Ntf* B#4t?e*en1atlv,*s Olmstea.1
IsWteoft were the more active of
I the. een>mHt?emen in plying tho wit*
:a?4:"lila attorney with Questions.
Dtmooratio members of the
were net much in evidence
* Be>reeantatlve Graham, one
rfeemoerattc members, took l?
with teaeW Keleon 'duHnsr tho
fdmsjt mWee if the hearfng an? de
^ Glared tn a 'cartaln Instance tk? bur
don of proof waa upon thei^crretary
of the Inter^mthw than upon the
aceus/ng wh*es?t .
Uhe laqgrtrj will be resumed Friday
amwetroaiit * m\^
^htn the ewow
ras an uh
had no rla*8t ?t the >lme to enter Into
Glavis said the reformation came
to him second-haneV that a stlpoav
??on had keen entered into by the
government counsel <n the WlU.m
cares and the attorney* for tho claim?
ant whereby the i nme of Mr. Hal
linger was not to appear. Tho wit
rtss said the records would tear him
out Glavis claimed that Bellinger's
participation amounted to a conspir?
acy In a fraudulent claim against the
government. He described in detail
the location and extent of the Cun?
ningham claims in Alaska.
Mr. Brandeis, Glavis' counsel was
asked to outline the specific charges
against Secretary Bellinger.
"It appears first," said Mr. Bran
dels." that' Mr. Balllnger, while com?
missioner of the land office, took an
active part in the controversy and In?
vestigation which arose an to the val?
idity of tae Alaska coal fields, and by
ordering same of the claims to potent,
acquired knowledge of Importance.
He personally acted and took part in
the action of the department relating
to the investigation of these claims,
which*, we assert, were fraudulent.
'This having been the case, when
he ceased to be commissioner he took
the position ss counsel for some of
Senator Sutherland, of Utah, inter?
rupted: "You do not* claim that Bai?
ling^ acted corruptly as commlse:n
er but that he made Improper use
of the information which he had ob?
?Trat le not all," replied the at'oT
nd Pear not?Let all the ende Thon Aln
ITER. S. CM SATURl
WILSON DISCUSSES FOOD.
LIVING COSTS MORE IX AMERICA
THAN ANYWHERE ELSE
Seer * ery of Agriculture, Speaking in
Philadelphia, Declares the Trouble
la not so Much the Coat of High
Iiiving?Iiurc from Farm to City
Philadelphia, Jan. 26.?"It costs
more to get the common necessities
of life In the United State? today than
In any other country In the world."
This startling statement was made
tonight by James Wilson, Secretary
of Agriculture, in an address deliver?
ed before the Manufacturers* Club, of
this city. Secretary Wilson discussed
"the present food crisis" in a way
that was original and forceful.
"Some people,' he said, "tell us
that If we repeal the present tariff
law to let. In foreign products free of
duty the present difficulty will cease.
I do not believe it. Eggs are 35 cents
a dozen in Canadian cities and 60
cents a dozen In some American
cities. The duty is three cents a doz?
en. What difference would it make
whether you took off that three cents
The Secretary further said that he
believed the American people are suf?
fering at present not so much from
the high cost of living as from the
cost of high living, his statement be?
"It has been said that the Ameri?
can is the best fed, best clothed, best
educated and best housed man upon
earth. We shall have to add now
that he is the most expensively fed."
Secretary Wilson pointed out that
the fundamental difficulty was that
the people are leaving the farms to
such an extent that there are not
enough remaining to produce the
food for the increasing population.
The boys and girla of the farms, he
asserted, sre being lured away to the
cities, to the factories and to the
mines, and to too great an extent the
agricultural resources of the country
are being neglected. He said he was
ilbla Jw rifcat^raeasur* for*, the!
(eeplftt; up at ?ose, and Jthat that
same influence ffufd be sufficient toj
control the prices jo* products brought |
from other countries, even though^
ihe tnntt Were removed.
8ecr?t*ry Wilson, after declaring
that tfce record made by the tn*?u>?
fneturer* of the tlnked Btatea^i
[good one, said: ; y;.&\*hffi.
"The education o* thefaimfr^hjoiW^
[ ever, has been overlooked.;Wie young
farraem have fbecu, educated -^awTg>
I from. t!?? farm and from the, produc
I tlon of food for tue peopie.* A
1 In discussing furtherctne lure from
[the farm to the cities, the Secretary
"It is up to you, gentlomen of, the
- Manufacturers' Club,, to look
I these things. Go down to the foujt*-.
datjon and Inquire, it you find m*
sUtem wt to be correct, that the peo?
ple ar? leaving the farms to such an
j extent that there are not enough left
[to pro luce the- food of our gr^MMf
J populaUon, take M^s to have
.young #$roer. taught regarding vW
J life.'wTirrlJ.' ? ^
J "Tout shou1?f be giving fnstr?c?pns
to torn tWnsanja young n>en and Aro?
men along theseUno*;,. ^tie^thter
I time ttiey might he} gbttlnjr i^epretlcel
knowledge and be introduced'to ap?
plied Science. In the summer time
they should go into the fields.
"Get a farm big enough to educate
the people who are to grow your food
in the future, If you are to have food
In the future that can be sold to the
people at reasonable prices. It it is
necessary to get a five thousand acre
farm, get It"
?icy; "the fact that he acted at all
>\th- reference to the continuance *?;
"the dontest was not consistent with
the highest conduct as an officer of
?"I lien you claim he acted corrupt?
ly, or Improperly?" asked Ssnator
"Yes improperly; that he acted
without due regard to the interest of
the government while commissioner;
also that he acted Improperly after?
ward In taking employment from the
claimants who had been before him
We claim that Balllnger's action as
commissioner was Improper In his
failure to thoroughly Investigate the
Alaska claims; that he acted Improp?
erly In ordering these claims to pat?
ent, and we claim that they were on
the road to patent, with undue hnata,
wh?Mi Ohivls Intervened and saved
th^m. He acted improperly In allow?
ing the Alaskan claimants to see a1!
the-papers on file In the department.
't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ar
DAY. JANUARY 29,
PARIS LIKE I CITY DOOMED.
EVERY HOUR ADDS TO TIP' EX?
TENT OP THE CAT ASTRO! ^.
Snow Has Ceased, But the Seine Is
Still Rising and Every Minute
Brings Graver Dangeis?Half the
City In Darkness and the Waters of
The Raging Rivers Have Invaded
The System of Subways Underlying
Paris, Jan. 26.?The snow has ceas?
ed and the weather is moderating, but
the Seine Is still rising, and Paris,
like a doomed city, is holding its
breath In terror. Half the city is in
darkness. In the gloom galloping or?
derlies are bearing instructions which
caii no longer be sent by telephone.
The army of police, firemen and sol?
diers give the appearance of a city
fighting for its life.
Every minute brings grave dangers.
New areas are being Inundated, quays
are collapsing, yawning chasms appear
in the streets. The water of the Seine
has Invaded the system of subways,
one line of which encircles Paris com?
pletely, while another runs from end
to end near the river course, and
branch lines seam the city in various
directions, connecting rich and poor
quarters alike. The most famous
thoroughfares of Paris, the Rue de
Rivoll, the Champs Elysees, the Ave?
nue du Bois de Boulogne, the Place
de l'Opera, the Boulevard St. Ger?
main, are thus threatened with col?
lapse if the volume of water increases
In the subterranean passages.
What new disaster will come to the
waterlogged city before the Seine be?
gins to fall no one can predict. Al?
ready the damage Is officially esti?
mated at $200,000,000, and every
hour adds millions more. The catas?
trophe promises to exceed the limits
of a latlonal disaster and become In?
ternational. The death roll also Is
growing at frightful rate, and when
the epidemic, which now appears In?
evitable, breaks out, it will run into
thousands. Already scarlet fever has
appeared among the refugees at
P^pearance of Halley's
eomet. The authorities are bending
their energies to the rescue of the im?
prisoned and the succor of the home?
The public subscriptions opened by
the newspapers have reached nearly
'1100,000. while the Red Cross and
other relief soefcies have gone ncH>ly
Thi extent, of the floods in Paris
may be Judged by the fact that .about
h&f'ine:'lehjKth of* the quays within
'the city are under water which is
pouring Into the atre^ts, and tjioue
eanda of laborers and soldiers are
w?rklng like mad men to t alld ce?
ment walle to hold back the current.
The foreign office and the Hots? Pa?
lais dV?rsay have been abandoned as
the. CfeHars^ are full of water. The
Continental Hotel, and many resl
dences In the aristocratic quarter arc
rapidly being evacuated. ? There is
u&fi) jh*\t! oV water In the subway sta
front of the Gare St. Lazare,
tjtye' sinking of the equare threat
ehs to oe^rry down the adjacent build?
As the. result of a conference, Par?
liament ?Will be asked to authorize an
extension of t'me for commercial pa?
per because of the generaV disorgani?
zation of busines.
Besides the failure of the gas and
electric lighting plants, Paris is con?
fronted with an oil famine. Scores of
oil barges from Rouen are tied up In
the Seine, and the great' depots of
distribution In the outskirlts of Paris
are flooded. The oil refineries at
Rpuen are endangered. The situation
in the provinces Is no better than In
the city, as they are supplied with oil
THE BIGHAM CASE.
Attorneys Appear Before Supreme
Court to Secure Release of Avant,
Who la in Penitentiary.
Columbia. Jan. 27.?Attorneys
Ragsdale, of Florence, and Hazard, of
Georgetown, appeared before Supreme
Court today to secure the release of
Avant, convicted with Dr. G. C. Big
ham of killing of Mrs. Bigham la-st
summer. In the absence of Solicitor
Wells, Attorney General Lyon appear?
ed for the State. Justice Gary asked
for the filing of Mr. Wells' argument
and an affidavit from Mr. Ragsdale,
showing the agreement between him?
self and Mr. Welte, and of what took
place in open court in regard to the
application for ball.
Cunningham said In a letter an file
or Juneau that Commissioner BalJln
ger gave him the papers."
THE GUY OF CONGRESS1" *
SOME THINGS THAT AI
Xationnl Cunservation?The cost antl
Also the Wastefulness of Our Food?
stuffs?Waste of Time by Congress.
And the Evil Effects of Too Much
Washington, Jan. 26.?During the
past week Washington has had more
than its usual complement of con?
gresses, for besides the chronic con?
gress or the one we always have
with us on the Hill, there has been
here a Congress of Governors of the
States and the Civic Federation Con?
gress. Inasmuch as one of these con?
gresses was composed of the Gover?
nors of the States it is not necessary
to add that it was a distinguished
gathering, but the Congress of Civic
Federation was also composed of dis?
tinguished men whose names are fa?
miliar to readers throughout the Uni?
ted States. Both of them were ad?
dressed by the President and by Sc ??
ator Root and other distinguished
men while members and senators at?
tended their meetings. They were en?
tertained at the White House, at clubs
and by residents of the city. When
President Taft appeared on the stage
at the first meeting of the Congress
of Civic Federation, he was received
with enthusiastic applause and made
a happy extemporaneous address.
But the most significant incident of
the meeting was on the following day
whv>n Mr. Gifford Pinchot was an?
nounced to address the Federation on
the subject of conservation. There
can be no doubt that In this disting?
uished representative assemblage, he
arid the cause he represnts, is the
one nearest the heart of the people
at the present time. His address was
admirable in that it was free from
per nallties. He said in substance:
"A plague on both our houses. For?
get investigations, or at least put
them aside for the present and let us
pass legislation to prevent the piracy
of national resources and to enable
us to secure them for all the people,
tional government and congress
have been impressed with the force
and the importance of the wide
spread movement to reduce the cost
of the necessaries of life. This is. in?
deed, a vital question and it appears
to be permeating every nook and cor
j ner of the .ountry. There will be in
1 vestigation* by the Secretary pf Agri?
culture and his many field -experts,
oy congress and by learned\>and un?
learned throughout the country, and
after investigation has done Its, per-1
1 feet work It will probably be toundl
?that everybody knew in ih^ ***ieU
atng the real causes of the rise
cost of food stuffs. Meanwhile;
people of the country have n<
enough to continue the boycott <
meats, the price of this a\most un?
necessary article of diet wir; f
down while there will be great end
In some Instances, astonishing im?
provement In health and relief from
rheumatism and other uric acid dis?
eases. There is n? doubt Whatever
that the people of this country are
the most wasteful of all people* in
the matters of food. They eat too|
much, they throw away what would
support an equal number of people of
India, China or Japan and there Is
not the least exaggeration in the
statement that the cost of what the
average man in America eats in one
day, would keep an Inhabitant of
China or India in food for two weeks.
This is a temperate statement
know it to be true from personal ob?
servation on the spot.
Whether one favors or disapproves
female suffrage there can scarcely be
but one answer to the question of a
vociferous suffragette who points fo
congress and asks, "Could any body
of women waste more time In
words/?" Congreas with more work
laid out than ccfuld be accomplished
in a whole year of daily sessions, has
as yet not even tegun on one of the
Important Items of its lengthy, pro?
gramme. Everything waits while the
insurgents surge t.nd Speaker Cannon
smokes , and sits tight in the -eha<r
from which they ,would pry him
loose. The BaiUnger-Plnchot case
which was to be "investigated ' has
not had a preliminary airing and
knowing congress, it is safe to predict
that when it is Introduced we will
have a repetition ot the Brownsville
investigation, the taking of endless
testimony, the examination of Innu?
merable wttnessc? until the public
will have forgq^tcn the, original Issue.
The immigration 'jfflffje^fteo hoped
t'i sprliiK a senyatioh on the
Its Introduct'on of thoSjBBi
hill and a few r<'pi'esrntativ#te
worked themselves into $C ?mf
over it but the public so*far a*
* d% Established Jane, lOwi
oL XXX. No. 46.
BALLINGER PROBE BEGINS.
INVESTIGATION OF INTERIOR
DEPARTMENT WILL START.
Glaeil to be First Witue-s?Dlsn?se
e<l Agent of General Land Office
Will Take Stand?Other Former
Officiate to Follow.
Washington, Jan. 25.?The investi?
gation of the Baliinger Pinchot con?
troversy by a joint committee of con?
gress will begin at 2:30 p. m. tomor?
row, when L. R. Glavis, the agent of
the general land office, who lost his
position by executive order, because
of charges he brought against Secre?
tary Ballinger, will be the first wit?
ness. iHs testimony, it is expected
will lay the ground for the calling of
Gifford Pinchot, former government
forester, O. W. Price, former assist?
ant forester, and Alexander Shaw,
former law officer of the forestry bu?
reau who were removed from t.he
service by President Taft because of
their alleged activities in the contro?
The joint committee met this af?
ternoon and arranged all the prelim?
inaries for the opening of the official
probing of the interior department
and the forest service.
Senator Nelson, of Minnesota, whp
was elected chairman of the joint
committee, reported that he had con?
ferred with Messrs. Pinchot, Price
and Shaw and that they had said they
had agreed jointly upon George W.
Pepper, of Philadelphia to act as
their attorney. Mr. Glavis appeared
before the committee and announced
that his counsel would be Louis D.
Brandis, of Boston, and Jos. B. Col
ton, of New York. Mr. Glavis was
instructed to report, with his counsel
for examination at the afternoon ses?
sion of the committee tomorrow.
Secretary Baliinger has Informed
the committee that he does not care
for an attorney to look after his in?
terests as he feels ?nolvo5*ent that ths
committee will nake the inquiry
broad and compete. 1' that is done,
he said, he prints ro lawyer to de?
fromf 10 uht
untS 5 o'clock*vr *-*
be-jiad at such tir^-w^
up(bn by^ the membe ?"" **
CORPORATION TAX <*#
Federal Circui t Judge in 953
pro-re* the I .aw,
Toledo, Ohio, Jan. 26.?Jud,
W. Taylor, in United States Cfib^j
Court today, sustained the constitu?
tionality of the Federal corporation*
I tax law, In a former order dismiss
I ing ths suit of a stockholder against
Uthe .American Multigraph Company,
pof Oieveland. He sustained thj com
will allow the eise to be taken
*?$ once to the Supreme Court for de
clsivnC Judge Taylor dispensed with
* neertng for the reason that a slml
'.an ^action has been carried to ths
te,Court from Vermont
tennial of the founding of
Episcopal church In Char
?ft celebrated Sunday.
_ ^lt from the capital shews
j no vjBceleration of pulse. Southern
>era embrace the opportunity to
saw the.air and pow.wow about "the
disgrace To our gloricnie womankind"
but cooler blooded statesmen and
smart New-York millionaires lonng%^
about J&d think reflectively wpoh
subjects not one half of wijtch -Ttim
In searching for an explanation of
the general Ineffectiveness of congress
too much stress cannct be laid upon
the bbvJona. fact that that body has
become et huge social centre and that
the congressional session Is regarded
more seriously as a social season
than a period set aside for the trans?
action pf national business. Every?
one is ^afalllar with the fact that th?
majority of members are engaged in
grinding* their own axes and that
many are the tools of corporations
that haye" selected them, but aside
from this It is clear that social am?
bitions sap ! the energy and spirit of
praoticLlly all of them. Washington
has become a centre of fashion and
extravagance. The social pace is set
?y a yeajqj^ increasing cojony of mil
lion?ire?r%Hh'nothing to do but
i m use em selves. Congressmen
whose sa^irgbeme is their salary are
end.'uvor^ftta iceep up and spending
ill theirAts\foey and much of their
energy effort. In any other
pity they, wOirld not attempt It, but
having" ?ej?*a vague social position
orded feiern by reason of their of
uecori. infected by the pre
to be in the smartest