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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 29, 1910, Image 2',
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PROBING WILL HE STAKTED IN
A FEW I? \YS, HOWEVER.
jU(U(> Kenosmw Mountain Laad)*
Deel am that he Furnished In?
formation Through Which the
Prevent Proceeding* Were Begun?
He Hne not Assumed that Any
Federal Statute Ha? Been Vlo
Chicago. III., Jan. 14.?Judge Ken
?saw M Landls. of the United States
District Court. In hie charge to the
Federal grand Jury assembled today
to Investigate the methods of the
so-called "Beef Trust." declared It
was through I f< i matlon furniulisd
by h.m that the present proceeding
it was announced that tho action
mm the "Beef Trust ' Investigation
WO?ld be postponed for a few days
until some docket caeee had been
After Judge Landls had delivered
his charge, the Jury proceeded to
take up some cases of minor impor?
"Having In mind the duty of the
district attorney." said Judge Landls.
"I notified that officer on the 20th
of the present month that on your
assembling here today the court
would direct your attention to the
subject of the present Investigation.
"It Is a source of profound regret
that two days later there began wide*
spread of matter purporting to come
from Washington and expressing the
Intention and determination of cer?
tain governmental functionaries there
as to this proceedings, and alleging In
that connection their purpose with
rasped to certain Individuals residing
In this district.
"Without assuming here officially
that there le anything behind the
psbPeattone except Journalastlc en?
terprises. I caution you to pay no
attention whatever to them, as It will
be your duty conscientiously to re?
frain from making any disclosures of
matters transpiring In your Jury
'?Various reperts of alleged circum?
stances end cosdlttons In connection
Wtth the fresh meat industry have
ISSaI to me. While the repreeentaJtons
"* eef'forth In t-ieso complaints. e\ n If
true, do not ntres/ncily Imply viola
Mi of Federal law, fkey *r* of euch
cVtAract t dm to r-.^u1.:, Impose upon
the Court the duty of directing you*
attention to the matter *a the end
that the subject n>tl>1B ?
' hands th* l..v*?etigatto^Hrc< n*i der?
ation <t? ^^*s^|?Msj^Mr'M
Ai\Mm^m\ rTh+ ' JI*y the
ram<?ng tn? ISVnfa]
?lgn nations, Judge
will observe that t<>
rot Congress | .? prcscrib
of fr? e competition
lose engaged In Truer-?late
"national trade sad com
I desire to Impress upon pSS
it It ts not in the competency of
Congr**s. nor does th*? Act ^ttempt
to deal with trad* or commerce
which Is wholly Intra-State.
vfter charging upon the fact th*t
Uw:.areas cannot Interfere with com?
merce within a State, the court con?
"You will perceive that Intent Is of
the essence of this offence?that Is to
, there must be a conscious puf
on the part of the accused to
sappress competition by co-operation
to that end. The law does'not con?
sent itself with mere coincidence of
conduct In the abeence of such in?
DOOS EAT INFANT.
Columbia Coroner Has An Infanticide
Mystery to Solve.
Columbia. Jan. IS.?Laborers on
tfctHr way to work early this morning
found dogs eating the body of a day
old ? hlte Infant which was lying on
street, near Magistrate Robert's
Ml * In the Waverly suburb. The
net so fsr has been unable to
? he myotery.
I v VSYLIM DILL OFFERED.
000 ll< mil I?mte Election Au?
thorised by Measure.
mbla, Jan. 24 ?An important
mcernlng the Hospital for the
? v.as introduced tonlgl.t by
i. W. C. Harrison and C.*o. W.
i It Is t<> provide for issuing
-'t ? bonds to the amount of one
n dollars for the establishment
lospltal or hospitals for the it
and to provide for payment c
st thereon and the principe
?lim due. The governor and th
State treesurer shall he authorised t
borrow on the credit of the State a
amount not to exec-d one million do'
?are. represented by coupon bond
said bonds to bear interest from th
date of their Issue to the date of thel
tturlty at the rate of 3 1-2 pe
it. per annum, payable seml-an
nually, on the 1st day of July and th
1st day of Janusry In each yertr a
the Stale treasury, In the city of Co
CITY FARM PROFITABLE.
Statement Covering La?t Year's
Farming Operations on Water
The city farm at the water works
plant made a clear proftt for the city
during 1909 of $1.585.5* on twenty
nine acres of land which up to two
years ago was practically worthless
as a revenue producer to the city
government. Now feed for thirteen
head of city stock Is grown every
The products of the farm for 1909
were as follows:
1,005 bushels oats, 80c per bu.$804.0O
Oat straw for bedding 25.00
?.000 lbs. of fodder, $10 per
350 bushels of corn at $1.00
per bushel 350.00
43 tons of hay at $20 per ton 860.00
Total value of farm products 2,099.00
Expenses for 1909:
Commercial' fertilisers $1 /5.?0
Straw for bedding 8.50
Twine for binding 6.80
Threshing oats 38.00
Rent of binder 10.00
Baling hay 31.35
Baling twine 4.60
Seed peas?4 0 bushels 40.00
Total expenses $513.42
Farm products $2.099.00
Nst profits $1,685.58
The lend has been fertilised main?
ly by sweepings from the public lots
of the city and from street sweep?
ings. The, superintendent of streets
furnishes a cart and driver for haul?
ing ths manure from the public lots
and the streets and open drains of
ths city to the city farm. The city
health officer has a laborer who in
addition to acting as janitor at the
city hall goes into the public lots at
10 o'clock each day and rakes up
these lots piling paper and other re?
fuse unfit for fertiliser to be hauled
to the dumping grounds, and all
droppings, snd the scrapings from
behind restaurant windows snd doort
t ore dish watsr, liquid garbage, and
other d> imposing vegetable or ani?
mal matter which can be hauled are,
after disinfection, carted away to the
city farm for oompostlng with other
Manures for fertilisers thus putting
feck Ii I he land, the necesaaiy v**
tabl n. t*er. All wood ashes thrown
out from restaurants and stores,
wher wood stovee are used are tak?
en and thrown arpund In unsani?
tary cornea] by ths colorsd laborer
and .if tor wards mixed with lot and
street sweepings for fertiliser uses.
There are a number of public hitch?
ing stalls In the public lots In which
thousands of.cart loads of leaves
swept up from ths streets are plac?
ed every year instead of hauling
these leaves out to ths dump Slid
many h>.nd:*ed miles hauling are
saved for i ty mules thereby. In
about sixty or ninety days these
leases together with hundreds of cart
loads of animal droppings are shov?
eled fui oy the eame colored laborer
and are carted off to the city farm.
The public lots are thus kept In good
sanitary condition, being cleaned
from two to three times a week each,
disinfected, end the city drains are
made to furnish revenue also in the
shape of alluvial fertilizers, which
wash down Into therm.
Superintendent of Streets L. E.
White is a good farmer and takes
great interest in his vork.
The value of the city lands for
farming purposes has increased over
two hundred per cent, in two years,
and in another year it will be unnec?
essary to use any commercial fertili?
zers at all.
The twenty-nine acres of land
would scarcely grow hay two years
ago, and before that time the city
purchased all of Its feed for the city
stock. Had the seasons been auspic?
ious last year the net profits would
have been greater. Then again it
must be remembered that Mr. White
could give very little steady attention
to his crops as he has to attc id to his
numerous other duties in the city.
In addltlln to dcmonst.rati.ig what
a city can do In the shape of grow?
ing feed for Its own muni .d pa 1 stock
the results of the city farm dem?
onstrate another thing and that is
that cooperation between elty depart?
ments such as we have between the
public worki snd the oUy n . iith de?
partments may result in b< tter saei
tar> conditions' and Incidentally re?
Joe" Cannon is quoted as
at If he Is not the next
>f the House of Represen
> Republican will be. That
? a prediction that the next
II 1 e Democratic. What do
gomsry Advertiser and the
on Post think about the
now? They cackled some
the landmark's expense
predicted some months ago
Republican party would not
t grip on the House In the
9.7 ?2,900 BALES GINNED,
tVnstiM Report Up to Jan. 16 for This
Washington. Jan. 24.?The census
reports the number of bales of cotton
ginned from the growth of 1909 to
January 16. 1?) 10 was 9.792,990 bales
compared with 12.666 209 bales for
the year 1908.
The proportion of the last three
cotton crops, ginned to January 16,
is 96.8 per cent for the crc f 1908,
93.5 per cent, for 1907 and s*3.8 per
cent, for 1906. The number of round
bales included this year is 147,846,
compared with 232,510 last year and
188.037 for the season of 1907.08.
The number of Sea Island bales is
92,001 this season, 90,287 last year
and 80,190 for the season of 1907-08.
The distribution of the Sea Island
cotton for 1910 by States is:
Florida, 27,888; Georgia. 50,872;
South Carolina, 13,241.
The number of bales of cotton gin?
ned from the growth of 1909 to Jan
uray 16, 1910, as compared with last
year Is as follows, counting round
bales as half bales and excluding Un?
Florida. 60.896 68,624
Georgia. 1,827,752 1.952,113
North Carolina . 615,533 661,669
South Carolina .1,114,806 1,192,723
The corrected total cotton ginned
this season to January 1, 1910, Is 9,
Twenty Years Ago.
From the Youth s Companion.
The habit of reminiscence is a
symptom of advancing age and com?
mon to men and women of every
time; but it is perhaps more fasci?
nating to the elderly of today than
to those of any previous generation.
Such wonders as they have seen come
The vlllalge life of 20 years ago has
been revolutionised, at least for the
women. In that day, when one
wanted a friendly visit with a neigh?
bor, the loan of a recipe, or advice
about the baby's cough, one put on
one's bonnet and shawl and went to
her house. Now we take down a
telephone receiver for our talk.
Moreover, the bonnet and shawl has
given place to hat and coat.
In : 898. when one journed to the
city for a day of shopping and pleas
urelnc, It was a long anticipated and
considered matter. Involving the fam?
ily horse and phaeton'or a horse ear,
then a slow railway train, connecting
with tmother horse car. Now trolley,
"electrified" railroad and automobile
whirl us from village to city before
our mothers would have made up
their minds for the trip.
Twenty years ago "getting dress?
ed" was a simple matter, requiring
no help beyond a friendly criticism
from daughter or husband. Now the
service of daughter or husband, or
both, must be enlisted, and It Is
currently reported that the village
old maid who lives alone has to go
to a neighbor to be "hooked up" ev?
We need not walk to the postoffice,
s'nce our letters are dropped at our
doors; nor to the market, since the
telephone takes our order; nor even
to church, for the sermon and the
music may come to us over the wire.
Yet we were never so busy with gad?
ding and going. Will the advent of
airships complicate still further the
life of the twentieth century? Or
shall we presently be able to retire at
will Into the calm of the Fourth Di?
mension, and take there the rest cure
which Is becoming a necessary anti?
dote even for village life?
Unfortunately for the movement
started in Cleveland among the
worklngmen, who are pledging
themselves not to eat meat for a
month in order to bring its price
down, meat is not the only dear
thing that is dear. While they ab?
stain from flesh will they eat bread?
Flour is about as high In proportion
as meat. Eggs are relatively even
higher and so humble an article of
food as beans shows a larger per?
centage of advance in cost In ten
years than almost anything else on
the list. However, such a movement
as that In Cleveland may not be
without advantage. Just as the pros?
perity of Florida Is said to date from
the great frost that killed the orange
groves and forced the farmers to
raise early vegetables, so there may
bo a real economic gain from high
prices if they send consumers In
search of substitutes for some of the
more costly articles of food. The
people of this country seem to know
little about the economies In diet
which aro practiced by European
peoples. If the Cleveland working
men abstain from meat for a month
perhaps they will learn how to sub?
stitute for It other foods which cost
less than beef or mutton.?Durham
?Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
never disappoints those who use It
for obstinate coughs, colds and Ir?
ritations of the throat and lungs. It
stands unrivalled as a remedy for all
throat and lung diseases. Sold by
W. W. Slbert.
A LOVER OF MEX.
What a True Christian Accomplished
For His Fellows.
The French priest, Father Vin?
cent, later canonized as Saint Vin?
cent de Paul, has found a biographer
in Monslgnor Bougaud, who writes
interestingly and informingly of
his beautiful life and particularly of
his organization of the famous so?
ciety, the Sisters of Charity. Great
as the service rendered by these
omen and their revered leader to
e France of the seventeenth cen?
tury, which was suffrlng from the
evils of the civil war of the Fronde.
For fifteen years the country people
had been presecuted by the hired
ercenarles who lived on the en?
emy they were Invading. Harvests
were destroyed and villages burned,
until a great famine, followed by
plague, swept over the land.
To meet this extraordinary dis?
tress, Father Vincent, at the age of
sixty-eight, set himself to work. It
has been computed that he distribut?
ed in charity nearly five million dol
ars, but he gives the praise to the
"O ladies, does not the recital of
these things move you? Providence
has designed to make use of some
ladles in Paris to succor the deso?
lated provinces. No country posses?
ses a precedent for it. No; it was a
heroism reserved to you."
Queens and princesses had sent
their jewels to his fund, and a paper
was founded, called the Magazine of
Charity, for Father Vincent realized
how strangely people Imitate one an?
other, and publicity won more re?
cruits to his cause.
He sent his Sisters of Charity by
twos and three to battlefields and
dangerous places, praising those who
died "sword In hand."
He insisted on four cardinal points,
as practical and as full of common
sense as if they had been formulated
last year instead of nearly three hun?
dred years ago:
First, to rescue the starving. For
this he started cheap soup dinners.
As usual, he workd his plans out to
the most minute details. One must
remember that these were the first
soup kitchens known to history.
The second point was to bury the
dead; for the towns, villages, high?
ways and fields were strewn with de?
caying bodies, dangerous to health.
The third point was to buy up
and collect seed for the land, which
he ever thought was one of the best
forms of charity.
The fourth point was to attend to
the welfare of souls. It was no ordi?
nary ministration that was needed,
for during the wars all worship had
been interrupted, churches had been
plundered, and the young had been
exposed to great dangers. Neither
age nor sex, neither beauty nor holi?
ness had been respected by the ruf?
fian mercenaries. Even the Sisters
?f Charity were not always secure In
the midst of these social disorders.
But Vincent encouraged them, say?
ing nothing was more worthy than
"O Slaters," he said, "how you
should humble yourselves, seeing
that God deigns to make use of you
for such great ends! Men go to war
to kill one another, and you, Sisters,
go to repair the evils which they
have done; to visit the wounded, not
only In France, but even in Poland.
Ah where can we fli\d a parallel?"
This good priest died In 1660, at
four in the morning, the hour at
which for forty years he had risen
In practical matters he had no
equal. He had a genius for organi?
zation. His penetration was mar?
velous. Nothing escaped him. When
a new scheme was proposed to him,
he saw at a glance its advantages
and disadvantages, its helps and Its
hindrances. To penetration was
joined a great courage. He confront?
ed the long delays of Rome and the
prejudices of society, and compelled
the great ones of the earth to recog?
nize his divine mission.
?Chamberlain's Cough Remedy Is
a very valuable medicine for throat
.and lung troubles, quickly relieves
and cures painful breathing and a
dangerously sounding cough which
indicates congested lungs. Sold by
W. W. Slbert.
A colored farmer in Anderson
County killed a hog weighing 768
pounds and sold the meat at 18 cents
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always bought
H. L. B. WELLS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Money to Loan on any Good Security.
Noury Public With Seal.
Office Over Suinter Savings Bunk.
Vhe Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
and has been made under his per?
?jfify8onal supervision since its infancy*
wc&w** Allow no one to deceive you in this*
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
Gastoria is a harmless substitute for Castor OQ, Pare?
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups* It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium? Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and aHays Feverishness* It; cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea? The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The KM You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a dozen, or
a hundred of 'em? No better plaos
to get them, for miles around than
right here. We have the goods at
saving pr.jes and can deliver them
quickly and correctly. This is a de?
pot for such building materials. Wo
have a 'phone and we want yjur or?
The Sumter Deer, Sisk & Blind Factory
J. W. McKelver.
Birnie's Drug Store,
6 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES 'AND FINE
TOILET ARTIC LES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A'
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE ROODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
Can place a limit on YOUR possi
bilities, but a GROWING bank
account with a GROWING ban!,
will increase them
We solicit your banking busi?
^ Bank of Sumter
The jrear ItOt brought us man.,- deetrahle new accounts, and
a largely Increased volume of business.
We commence 1910 stronger and batter prepared than evei be*
fore to please our patrons. Wo solicit your account.
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Co.