Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, !9l0.
Ph, ?. - - --ac
The Sumter Watchman was found
eel in 1160 and the True Southron In
lief. The Watchman and Southron
?ow haa the combined circulation and
Influence of both of' the old papers,
end is manifestly the best advertising
Hum In Sumter.
America letting Well.
Man haa been called the sick ani?
mal. An ordinary Bengal tiger or
? self-respecting armadillo does not
overeat, or smoke or drink to excess,
or stay up all night at a director's
fgeatlng and awakoa next morning
with a Kid tost" in Its mouth. Civili?
sed man Is especially likely to be sick,
for the t...>.*? thai improve life make
men 111 through their abuse. If It
were not for houses there would be
leas consumption; but for the Inven?
tion of glass, which lets In light snd
keepe out air, there would be less Ill?
ness, Clothing, chairs, books and
eeoked food are all elements of civili?
sation and of slckneea
America has a tremendous *lck-li*t.
According to Professor Irving Fish?
er's recent report on national vitality,
there ere In the United States at a'.i
times three million people actually
Stck. If you try to picture three mil
Hen sick beds side by side stretching
from New York city to Nevada you
may gat an Idea of the extent of this
tflnese. Our Amrlcan sickness costs
OS $1.see.000,000 a year, equal to
about twlcs ths revenue of the na?
tional government. This sstlmste
dees not Include the loss of efficiency
et people who are not 111. but just
tired, fsgged. "below par."
The next great reform In America
fce to "get well." A*? a elck nation we
amve done fairly, ws could double
and treble snd quadruple our work
If we wiped out ale knew. It csn be
dene; In feet. It la being done. We
nave obliterated yellow fever and
egurvy and almoat ended smallpox.
In an??*#r tr*, , ration snv eity which
has i |i epidemic will be held
up to the soorn of the nation. Todsy
'here are five hundred thousand peo
pis continually sick from tuberculo?
ses. Sr. easily preventable dloease; in
tffothtr generation We shall have tu
brculosts well under> control. Hun?
dreds of thousands ofNpeople In th*
South are suffering continually from
Ceo bookworm disease, p^Hilerly <-<?U
ed the H!asy fferrUAClaeJsssp can easily
the work. Ac
rar1, there are
? of malaria every
dnlne and a vigorous
>s win malte this an
^ entering ipon I new ?ra
lea National, state and mu
l ' oards of hygiene, better san
^ lew* lAsoi utions of doctors,
thioplc and other organise
mgmm* esaream I nedlosj fsgaajaafi,
Kroved hospitals and sanitaria, bet
trained doctors snd nurses sre ra*
?div improving the health of the na
?T" The people themselves are do
ins still mors. They no longer be?
have elfglously In bad-tasting and
worse-aetlng drugs, but are learning
p ire air. pure water, pure food
and v. <r on files, mosquitoes and rats
are half See battle, end freedom from
worry md snger the other half.
We assy wisely spending a great
deal of thought on the conservation
of our iatural resources; we sre just
sa wtse;y devoting our spare effort
and tnoegbt to conserving our vital
resources. By lengthening and
strengthening our lives, we can cre?
ate a new and higher civilisation In
this tlrsd old world.?Success Maga
Two Breakfast for the Legislator*.
In accordance with the offer from
the Sumter Chamber of Commerce,
which had been accepted by the mem
bersof the T^rUiature to serve
sWtakfuel lo ?' legislators here on
< w, bread
mil r.' . followed irs, were
served during the It mlnutei stop at
the etatlog froni \\ ... ?? Vclock.
The committee was composed of
W. W. McKagen. U E. White, Ryan
White, L. I. Parrott and K. I. Rear
don, and they were asslMted by mem?
bers of the Chamber Of Commerce
snd about twenty-five ladles.
There were 435 persons 4lo>;i-*i ,
their wives, aunts, sisters it'll
COOS'n* > on the train, and all got
Mr. McKagen says that tin- stew
was made with 3H hens, und eight
young turkeys, and that he com?
menced work on it at 3 a. m.
Change In Schedule of A. < . I-. iralu.
The A. C. U. ticket agent at Sum
ter has been potlBSd Hi it ng and
after Sunday. January 30th. train No.
31 (Sumter to Augunta.) will leave
Humter At 6:30 a. m., Instead of at
7 a. m.
Ifre. B. A. S. Mlxson, postmlstreas
at Barnwel). S. C. waa found dead In
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. \Y. Rnbhs, President runners' Union of S muter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official cails of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thinl. will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o**r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | iblished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned, 5
All communications for this Department should be. sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayeevllle. B. C. ,
Some Random Thoughts.
Our clippings from Prof. Massey
on "Gardening" deserves special at?
tention. I have often said no acre
on the farm pays as well as a good
garden, but It Is more often neglect?
ed thsn any other part of the farm.
Why Is this so? There are several
reasons. I think the main one Is
that It requires an Immense amount
of constant detail work that can not
be delegated to any one else. The
gardener must not only know how to
garden, but he must do the actual
work himself, If he would succeed,
or he must have a competent gar?
dener who la given sufficient time ev?
ery day. not 2uat "once In a while,"
to see that each crop receives the
proper attention at, the proper time.
This is gardening, not trucking. The
trucker works on such a scale that
he has his laborers organized like
any other well managed farm, only
beter than most cotton farms, and
he directs their labors. The ordl
aaJT) farm garden is on too small a
s< i.- t . o this, or if worked this
. It usually neglected before the
next Invasion of the farm laborers.
I ha\.> a'ways worked long rows and
l the plow after Prof. Massey's
plan, but the most successful gar?
deners I mow of are professional
SB wh. work their gardens with
I hand taojs for thS exercise and recre
ths) relceve. Probably once a
year the garden le deeply broken
with a plow or spaded up by hired
hnlp; ^li the rest of the work is by
th,e nweeV who takes this way to get
ee te nature: to keep his muscles
Arm Hiid his digestion In order; and
incid- lit,illy to provide the most
WQlheeras vegetables to aid In the
g ?>o work of keeping him and his
fajnitj the best possible physical
gal mcMtal poise. This Is "garden?
ing." Prot Massey's and my horse
power work la trucking. The aver?
age farmer will be sure to neglect It
a*hei hjl garden Is all filled up. And
there are more vegetables than the
housekeeper can find time to prepare
for the table; and very interesting
Problem? of how to save the field
crops from the grass, harvest the
oats, lay-by the corn, and sow the
peas, put out potato vines while the
soli Is moist, and a few other things
demand his time and seem to need
to be done all at once. When he
thinks of the garden again his good
wife reminds him that she can hard?
ly And any potatoes among the grass
and weeds, and he finds it necessary
to use a mower to cut off the hay
before he can dig the balance of the
Irish potato crop. This is the way
of It, fellow farmers. I know for I
have been there, but It should not
be so and I hope more of us will have
good gardens throughout 11*10 than
ever before. E. W. D.
To the Boys of Suinter County:
Two Bank Presidents have written
me that they will be with us on Feb.
4th, at 11 o'clock to aid by their
presence and counsel the organiza?
tion of the Oorn Club. Commission?
er Watson promises to come if pos?
sible and bring Prof. Williams with
him. and 100 copies of the rules
governing the contest. The Farmers'
Union will give you boyi <>ne hour of
its time for this cause, and more it*
roa respond like von mean business.
.-?> d<> not fall to some. This means
Y(U" E. W. D.
Th r>*cntluls of Successful Cardcn
The llrst essential of successful
gardening Is a good garden spot, on
with i deep rlchi loose, well-drained
soil, ami oae weii eaclosed so as 11
keep out Ike live stork, end the poul?
The next essential is thorough
preparation of the soli, liberal i* r
tlllzatlon, and constant cultivation.
M ?st vegetables need abundant sup?
plies of plant food if they are to do
their last. iinl many gardeners fall
simply becauee they do aot feed their
plants well enough* We believe la
stable manure aa lbs '?usis of fer?
tilization for the garden, but It should
usually be applied In the fall, and for
most garden crops needs to be sup
plemented with commercial fertili?
A third essential Is good seed< It
Is useless to expect the best success
with any crop If good seed are not
used, and no falser "economy" was
ever practiced than the using ol poor
seeds In the garden to save the fe**
cents extra that good ones might
Another essential Is good tools. The
hoe. the rake and the spade are all
useful Implements, but they must not
be depended on for working the gar?
den. Ordinarily the garden should
be so laid off that most of the culti?
vation can be done by horse power;
but whether or not this Is done, the
cultivators, seed drills, and wheel
hoes made especially for garden work
VU| nay for themselves in a very
short time. A sprayer Is another im?
plement the gardener needs.
But the great essential for success?
ful gardening is a love of the work.
Lord Bacon said of gardening, 300
year ago: "Indeed it is the purest of
human pleasures." and his words are
true today. Nowhere does one come
Into such Intimate relationship with
the individual plants with which he
works, or get in closer touch with
^nature. And nowhere does one get
j more substantial rewards for more
We have tried to make the follow
ing pages just as practical as may be
-tried to make them tell Just how
to raise this or that vegetable or
fruit, for we know that there Is much
need of instruction along these lines.
But we trust that each reader will
feel in them also that love of the
garden which should thrill In the
heart of every farmer. This South
lend of ours should be a land of gar?
dens. The farm without an ample
garden, conveniently located, where a
varied succession of vegetables is
kept up the year round, and where
berries and small fruits ripen the
whole summer long, scarcely deserves
the name of a farm. Nor do we be?
lieve that the farmer has lived up to
his opportunities if he has not
found space somewhere and time
somehow for the more esthetic sort
of gardening, for the fragrant olct
tlme herbs, for hardy flowers, and
clambering vines, and blossoming
Garden making Is a work for every
one on the farm, for the farmer and
his wife and his children; and not
until a good garden is recognized as
un essential part of every farm home,
will country life attain Its fullness of
beauty and comfort.
PERILS IN STREETS.
Egerton L. Winthrop, Jr., Urges All
School Principals to Explain Dan?
ger? to Pupils.
As a result of a letter sent to the
Board of Education by Edw S. Cor?
nell, Secretary of the National High?
way Protective Society, Egerton L.
Winthrop, Jr., president of the Board
of Education, yesterday sent to the
principals to warn children ahout
dangers in the street, especially from
automobiles. The letter follows:
"In accordance with a letter re?
ceived from the National Highway
Protective Society. I desire you to
bring to the attentlaon of all pupils
In your school the Importance of
their exercising Kreat care when on
the streets, so as to avoid the danger
of being run down by automobiles,
"it is a common practice for chil?
dren to attach themselves tu moving
vehicles, wagoni and carts, and then
jump off suddenly, thereby Incurring
serious risks. They also frequently
dart out from behind piles of brick,
lumber, etc., on the streets and high?
ways, ami not Infrequently try t<> see
how close they can escape being run
over by a motor vehicle. Many driv?
ers of automobiles run their ma?
chines in most reckless manner, ami
the danger to the people of the
streets, especially to children, is very
"I think that a f?w Wordl from
you to*your pupils cannot fall to have
a good effect In reducing the num?
ber of accidents.?New York Her?
SOITII HOLDS TDK KEY.
Governor of Tennessee Says Dixie
DoosnVI IVel the Pinch so Much.
New York, Jan. 2G.?The South
holds the key to lower food prices,
according to Oov, Malcolm R. Patter?
son, of Tfnnessee, who is in New
York for a few days. Here is what
ov. Patterson had to say when ask?
ed for h's solution of the problems
?esented by the higher cost of liv
"We are not feeling the pinch near
- as much in the South as you nro
p here. The principal reason Is the
lentlfulness and productiveness of
ur land. There is no congestion of
population in the South. What we
most need is an increase in popula?
"If a method could be devUed
whereby millions of the poor in the
rowded sections of the East could Le
scattered over the agricultural lands
of the South, the problem of the ?x
ces*ive cost of (living would soon Le
"I hope soon to see an organized
dement led by able and practical
men- to scatter the people back to the
solk 'Our vast domain is yet unde
eioped. There Is where the fortunes
of the future are to be made. Any
man who comes to the South willing
jd) the work of a man will And
profUsble employment and an opsn
road to independence.
"Our land, though better than
most Western land, is cheaper be?
cause the demand has never bei?n
?imuleted by the adventitious use of
subsidies for railroads as In the West,
which has been settled and develop?
ed through the necessity of the great
i;llrcau corporations to entice popu
*tion to oc?upy their lands."
LID EL SUIT FAILS.
Court Throws Out Indictment Again*!
Publishers of New York World.
New York. Jan. 26.?The Indict?
ment against the Press Publishing
Company, publishers of the New
York World, charging Joseph Pulitzer
and others with crlmnal libel against
Theodore Roosevelt, President Taft
and others, was quashed today in the
United States district court. Judge
Hough ruled that the statute upon
which the indictment rested was not
sufficient in authority, or, in other
words, that the court had no juris?
The decision of Judge Hough is of
interest, the now famous libel suit
having at its inception involved for?
mer President Roosevelt and his
brother-in-law, Douglas Robinson,
and President Taft and his brother,
Charles P. Taft. The publishing by
the New York World and the Indian?
apolis News just before the close of
the last campaign of an article in
which It was asserted that relatives
of former President Roosevelt and
President Taft were members of a
syndicate to purchase the stock of
the French Panama Cqmpany from
the French stockholders when it was
certain the United States would buy
the stock, created a sensation. The
American syndicate was said to have
President Roosevelt sent a special
message to congess on the matter and
made public correspondence in which
he characterized the publication of
the Panama story as false and assert?
ed that Delevan Smith, one of the
ovvners of the Indianapolis News, was
a "conspicuous offender against tha
laws, honesty and truthfulness."
Joseph Pulitzer, owner of the New
York World, came In for a severe at?
tack by President Roosevelt.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
Court of Common Pleas.
Willie Bultman, Plaintiff
Paden Anthony and Marina Anthony.
COPY SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
To the Defendants Above Named:
You Are Hereby Summoned and
required to answer the Complaint in
this action, of which a copy is here?
with served upon you, and to serve
a copy of your Answer to the Com?
plaint on the subscribers at their of?
fice, 120-122 North Main Street, in
the City of Sumter, B. C, within
twenty days after the service hereof,
exclusive of the day of such service,
end if you fall to answer the Com?
plaint v. ithin the time aforesaid, the
Plaintiff In this actum will apply to
the Court for tin* relief demanded In
Dated January 31st, A. I >. 1 10.
LEE A MOISE,
To t!i Defendants Above Named,
That the Summons and Complaint
iu tMs Action were tiled in the Office
of the Clerk of said Court <>n the
25th day of January, 1910.
LEE X- MOISE,
Plaintiff*! Att >rnejb.
Fred Smith, white, has been ar?
rested in Greenville in connection
with the murder of Wesley Russell.
SMALL INDUSTRIES OF THE
Side Lines That Pay the Farmer f'?r
Many farmers of the South neglect
one of the most Important features
of tli? farm, that is the I llildlng up
of the small industries of the farm,
such as apiary, piggery, garden, <>;
chard and flower garden.
The apiary would take very little
of the farmer's time, in fact, would
not interfere with his work at all. be
I cause it would be a pleasant little
job for the women of the family.
Then the busy bees cost next to noth?
ing, and are very profitable, because
they are more than self supporting.
Besides the pin money the women
I can get from the honey, it adds much
I to the farmer's meals.
I Pigs are a source of great profit, as
they eat almost anything. Of course,
it is advisable to select a good,
hardy, easily kepi, breed; but even
some of the less thrifty breeds can
be made to pay handsomely. The
pigs can live and get fat following
the steers, ? rooting up old gardens,
drinking extra skimmed milk from
a creamery, in the Orchards and pas
[' tures, also eating scaps from the ta
I ble. Every farmer knows the ad
I vantage of raising his own meat?
I why not raise hogs for the market?
I If you have a real good breed you
can sell them for breeding purposes
I to your neighbor or even ship them.
I and get good prices. There is al
I waye a good market for pork,
j Another industry to which too lit
I tie attention is paid, especially in the
I South, is the raising of poultry.
I Chickens and egg? are always in de
I m?nd, add at good prices. Of course,
I every farmer has a few hens and
I roosters running around over the
place; but no special attention is glv
1 en to them. If the farmers would
I select a good breed of prolific lay
I ers and good setters and give them
some little attention?gather the
I eggs daily and set them regularly, he
I would make a good profit. This is
I another one of the small industries
I that could be run during the spare
I moments of the day by the women of
J the family.
Then the vegetable garden and the
growing of small fruits is* often left
I alone and neglected. A small truck
garden pays better than the main
crop in many Instances. The many
I crops of the garden come on when
I the farmer has nothing else to mar
I ket?why not take advantage of this
I for a source of profit?
I Hotels, restaurants and housekeep
I rrs, besides fruit stores and markets
will always pay a good price for
I fresh vegetables. Again, there is the
I farmer's own table to consider. It le
I lots easier to work when you know
I you have a good substantial vegeta
I ble dinner awaiting you?grown by
J your own hands. Why sell cotton
I and buy food when you could plant
a garden at such a small cost?
P'.ant a few good apple, peach,
pear, plum and pecan tre.?s around
your place, of course, not where thoy
w-'ll shade too much of your crop;
but in the lots and pastures. They
Will he a S0UTOS of ureat pleasure to
the family and fruit can be readily
seid at good prices. Th<-y need prac
? tieally no cultivation after they once
stm to hearing, except that the
ground should he opened up around
the roots and some fertiliser applied;
but this takes very little time. If you
get trees free from disease, you will
h ive little trouble from that source.
; Insects can now be fought better than
e' er before. The State entomologist
will advise you free of charge.
Flowers beautify a place wonder?
fully, and there are very few women
who do not raise a few of them.
Why not suggest to the women of
the family that they get some good
varieties and cutlvate them? Be?
sides being a great source of pleas?
ure, they can be made a source of
profit. Many florists get rich. In a
good number of our smaller cities
tl-vere are not florists, and there is al?
ways a demand for flowers for fun?
erals, weddings, and why not sell
tiem and make the profit?
All of these small Industries of the
firm could be developed and the far?
mer could easily make them a source
cf considerable Income.?News and
fm ? ?
COLD STORAGE HOUSES SHOUIjD
Dr. Wiley Criticises Elimination of
Government Appropriation for This
Purpose?Hinte st Foul Piny.
Washington, Jan. 25.?Aside from
the animated discussion of the Amer?
ican hen and her products the fea?
ture of today's inquiry into high food
prices by the sub-committee of the
house committee on the District of
Columbia was the statement of Dr.
Harvey W. Wiley, chief of the bureau
of chemistry of the department of
agriculture, who charged that sinis?
ter Influences, unnamed had accom?
plished the repeal of the provision of
law relating to Inspecting efficiently
the cold storage of food products.
Dr. Wiley said the elimination of
the appropriation for this work had
greatly hampered his department In
protecting the public from deleteri?
ous food products.
Dr. Wiley stated that he was sure
the cold storage people themselves
were not responsible for the elimina?
tion of the appropriation referred to,
and of course the consumer was In?
nocent. The appropriation for this
purpose had been made by congress
for many years past but was omitted
In a fight in a barber shop in An?
derson W. H. Wallace was stabbed
by G. H. White and Dannie Snipes
was cut while trying to separate the
O'Donnell 6 Co.
Where Big Values for little Money
are Always Found. : : :
Silks for Linings!
Silks for Waists!
Silks for any use I
We place on sale on our
Center Tables about : .
500 Yards of Silks
Both Plain and Fancy. These Silks ran?;e in
price from 40c to 75c. To clean this lot up in
one day we will price them at
O'Donnell 6 Co.
?g1 A WORD TO THE WISE IS SUFFICIENT.