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KXH'TII CAROLINA FORESTRY.
What Conimlwrioner Wataon Is Try?
ing to Do, and How He In Being
Aided by the V. s. Government.
Columbia, Jan. 26.?Commissioner
Wataon baa received the report of
Mr. W. M. Moore of the government
forest service who apent some time
in this Stats In a aurvey of the forest
conditions laat summer and fall. Tht
report will be printed by the de?
partment of agriculture of the state
In connection with Ita forestry work,
which Commissioner Wataon haa as?
sumed and been carrying on moat re?
markably well considering that he
aad been given no money to uae in
this matter. vir Wataon haa been
able to get a great deal of govern?
ment aid by ahowlng the different
bills that have been Introduced In
the house for the past four years to
have a forest commission appointed
aad to have a survey of the state
mads, for the government will not de
much for those who are not Interest?
ed enough to do something for them
selves While the dilatory General
Assembly has played foot ball with
ike propositions Mr. Watson haa been
quietly at work securing government
aid to enow the thinking people of
the State how much la needed to be
dens, and what can be accompliahed
>y A very little bit of money and In?
Mr. Moore has shown a quick and
comprehensive grasp of the situation,
he has surprised even those who were
JanJliar with the work of the govern?
ment forest service in the extent of
the things hs learned In a abort while
about the State while we who have
been here all the time, and more vi
J*lly interested, have passed thsm
unnoticed. His survey of the Stats
topographically, the climate, soils,
river systems, geological formation,
labor agricultural and real estats sta?
tistics, are brief, but they are com?
prehensive, making his little book a
most Interesting and Instructive one
of South Carolina geography. He
finds that much the land that Is la
*z Is really impractical for cul?
tivation, but formerly were well
wooded, and might be converted into
wood lots at a profit to the owner,
but recommends moat strongly that
farmers do not pasture the wood lots,
J&S nogs gnd cAUle do destroy the
young trees, while the grass of the
wood let Is not of much value for
tfrftslng. ths feeding ht ;a* stock and
tht pasturing la the'open fields pays
for Itself In the value 6f the stock
when so cared for, , j 0
Id?* finds ths fire problem ons of
tht most serious and afard to meet,
out suggests a firs psttrol, the burn?
ing oat tht rallroAdwrlghU of way, the
CATS of timber lands by the lumber
men operating In thsm, ths appoint?
ment of etch supervisor aa county
fire warden, with authority to ap?
point the employea of lumber com?
panies deputlea under him, and pat
%t?e of stringent law Against ths
burning of forests, add punishment
for negligence or wanton disregard
of tht provision*. Nearly all of the
fires, he sayt Are the result of delib?
erate burning for pastureage or
Clearing. Logging and turpentine
methods hs finds unnecessarily waste?
ful In the State, end he recommends
more atrlngent lawa along thoae Unea,
and he auggeata many waya In which
those operating In the foreata could
save much of the waate now Buffered,
H" finds some farmera managing
their wooda lota wlaely, but many
need advice, and would manage well
If they had the advice, ao he suggests
a campaign of education by the State
along that line, and that If a forester
cannot be created Just now, to have
the department of agriculture given
a small extra appropriation for that
particular work. He urges a forest
commission especially, along the line
of the frequently proposed resolution
on this subject which haa never been
able to get to the light of dsy In the
house In four years, but remalna per?
sistently on the calendar. He finds
RKST MADE EASY.
Th*re Will Be Lea* Sleeplessness
When Humter People l**\rn This.
Can't rest at night with a bad back,
A lame, a weak or an aching one.
Doan'a Kidney Pille are for bad
They cure every form of kidney
From common backache to dia?
They are endoraed by Sumter peo?
Mra. W. A. Clyde, living at 219 E.
Liberty St., Sumter, S. C, aays "I can
highly recommend Doan's Kidney
Pills aa they have proved of great
value to me. I Buffered from dull
nagging backaches and distressing
pains through my loins and also had
in annoyance from the kidney secre?
tions. The secretions also contained
a sediment and were scanty in pas
eage. I did not rest well and In the
morning I felt tired and languid, hav?
ing very little strength or energy. I
finally procured Doan'a Kidney Pills
at China's drug store and since using
them, I have been free from back?
aches and my kidneys are normal. I
am glad to recommend such a splen?
did remedy as Doan's Kidney Pills."
For sale by sll dealers. Price 60
cents. FoBter-Mllburn Co., T'uffalo,
"New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name?Doan's?and
take no other. No. 2.
where the forest area is greatest the
stock law is suspended, which he de?
plores and recommends a strict en?
forcement in those districts for the
protection of the forests. He says
that the only way to make the water
powers of the State safe from disas?
ter, such ae the Pacolet flood, is for
either the United States or the Stute
of South Carolina to purchase the
lande around the sources of the
streams. He does not think the pro?
posed reservoir plan would work well
because of the rapid fall of the
streams In the Piedmont, which
would quickly All the basins with
sand. About BOO,000 acres, he thinks
should be purchased In this State to
be a reservation in which the forests
should be used to produce revenue
and to furnish recreation for the peo?
ple as the Adirondacks are in New
York State, but that the State should
provide against the sudden flooding
of the streams. He recommends a
further study of the situation to in?
clude a map showing the standing
timber and its character and types,
a study of the trees, their sllvicul
tural characteristics. stumpage
volues, and rate of extermination.
A policy for forest management for
various types aid classes and suited
to different classes of owners, Includ?
ing foreet planting, which he says
elsewhere, is fortunately not general?
ly necessary in this State, because If
allowed to do so the land reforests it
A . tudy of fires and their preven?
Of foreet taxation and an improved
try st em.
Tables showing the various types
and their rates of growth and future
He says that an examination of
that kind would require four men
two years and Would cost $15,000.
ons half of which would be paid by
the United States.
He has proposed a bill very wide
In Its scope, but suggested the most
epperent necessities, which will be
presented with a few changes deem?
ed advisable by some friend of the
cauee of forestry and conservation in
the asssmbly In a few days.
Bill Introduced In the House by Rep?
Representative McMahan hat in?
troduced In the house a bill affect?
ing the adevrtlaement of liquors or
alcoholic beverages, the terms of
which will be of considerable inter?
The bill reads:
"It shall be unlawful to print, pub?
lish or present to the public in any
form any advertisement of any alco?
holic liquors or beverages, which, if
drunk to excees, will produce intoxi?
cation, either in any newspaper
printed in this State, or on any build?
ing, wall, fence, tree cr conspicuous
place of any description, either by
means of printing, painting, Stamp?
ing, stencilling, pictures, illustrations
or otherwise: Provided, that noth?
ing contained in4 this act shall prohi?
bit the advertisement of denatured
"That any person convicted of vio?
lating the provisions of this act shall
be punished by fine of not less than
1100. nor more than $1,000; or for
not less than 30 days, nor more than
A Candid Doctor.
Physicians and lawyers are some?
times charged with protracting profit?
able "cases" through months, and
perhaps years, that could have been
disposed of In u few days or weeks.
One medical man, who had no temp?
tation to that kind of practice, was
frank enough to take advantage of
the Impeachment and put the blame
where It belonged. A lady was very
solicitous about her health. Every
trifle made her uneasy, and the doc?
tor was called immediately. The doc?
tor was a skilled man, and conse?
quently had a large practice. It was
very disagreeable to him to be so of?
ten called away from his other cases
for nothing, and he resolved to take
an opportunity of letting the lady see
this. One day the lady observed a
red spot on her hand, and at once
sent for the doctor. He came, looked
at her hand, and said:
"You did well to send for me
The lady looked alarmed, and a.*k
"Is It dangerous, then?"
"Certainly not," replied the doctor.
"Tomorrow the spot would have dis?
appeared, and I should have lost my
fee for this visit."?Youth's Compan?
M. K Pelyot, a car Inspector In the
Atlantic Coast Idne yards In Charles?
ton, dropped dead as he stooped un?
der a <ar to make an inspection Of
The pure In heart never stop to
think abOUt it.
How noiseless falls the foot of
time.?W. H. Spencer.
The hungry for righteousness are
not to be satisfied with rhetoric.
WILSON TALKS OF HIGH PRICES.
Secretary of Agriculture Claims Amer?
ican Farm Product* Sell Cheaper
Washington. Jan. 24.?Proof that
American farm products are being
sold abroad cheaper than in this
country is being gathered by Secre?
tary of Agriculture Wilson. This was
the declaration made by him today at
the "high cost of living" hearing be?
ing conducted by a substitute com?
mittee of the House committee of the
District of Columbia. Mr. Wilson gave
strong evidence to show that the pro?
ducer at the present time was getting
? little more than formerly for his food
products, while the ultimate consum?
er was paying an excessive price.
"Until comparatively recently the
American people enjoyed the cheap?
est food in th world," continued Mr.
Wilson. "But nowadays not enough
people know how to farm profitably,
know how to get enough out of a
day's work, know how to make an
acre respond. The lure of the factory
has called the farmer from the
Secretary Wilson declared that
Washington was one of the most ex?
pensive cities in the land, and that
retailers in this city demanded 42
per cent, where In cities like New j
York and Phlladlphla they were con- i
tent with from 17 %Q ?0 per cent. Con?
ditions at the Capital, however, with!
reference to the cost of living, the j
Secretary said, were true to a great
extent of other cities. He told the
committee that It had a great oppor?
tunity to do service for the whole
people by ascertaining the cause of
Chairman Moore intimated that
the whole matter of the cost of food
products from producer to consumer
would be gone Into. Secretary Wil?
son was the only witness examined
NEGRO EX-POLITICIAN DEAD.
Syfax Milton, of Clarendon, Former
Ijegislator, Passen Away.
Manning, Jan. 24.?Syfax Milton,
a leading negro of this county, died
at his home in the Satern section yes?
terday. He waa a prominent charac?
ter In the days of Reconstruction and
the Republican regime, being a Rep?
resentative, and a Senator from Clar?
endon c??nty. While he was fully
identified with the dominant element
he really belonged to the better class.
His influence was often exerted for
the good of his people, and It li said
that he never profited greatly from
the graft that obtained in the "days
of good stealing." Milton was in
Manning and made a sound and very
aenalble talk to his people at the cele?
bration of Emancipation Day on the
It is reported that h.st year, up to
July 1, seven hundred diamonds have
been found In Arkansas. Three cut
stones were found to be brilliant, and
were valued at $60 to $175 a carat.
A parcel of rough unsorted stones
from the mine will be easily worth
$10 a karat. Cheap mining in Ar?
kansas is possible, as water and tim?
ber are abundant nearby, and coal
should /be obtained at reasonable
rates. Some diamonds are reported
to have been found also In a newly
discovered perldotlte area about two
anC a half miles from where the first
d'amond was found on August 1,
1906?nearMurfroe8boro, Pike Coun?
ty, in poridotlte, at igneous rock.?
New York Sun.
The enormous crop of wheat re?
ported from Russia Is of great signi?
ficance just now. It puts Russia for
the first t'me at the head of
wheat growing countries, this
harvest of 83,000,000 bushels
being some 26,000,000 bushels In ex?
cess ol the large crop In the United
States and about 1,000,000 great?
er than ever producd in Russia be?
fore. The development of wheat
growing along the line of the Siber?
ian railway has been very rapid, and
as the home consumption is
small in proportion to that of this
country, It has made Russia the
greatest of all the sources of supply
for the rest of the world. Other
European countries, especially
France, also raise large crops of
wheat, but also consume much of it.
The extent of their crops influences
the demand upon outside sources?
Russia, India, the United States. Can?
ada and Argentina, the chief com?
petitors is the export trade. The pre?
sent great cost of wheat in this coun?
try as against the large surplus in
Russia, Will make It difficult to hold
our former place In the world mar?
Frazer Williams, a farmer of Ches?
ter County, accidentally killed Beck
ey Chlsolm, his cook, while fooling
with a pistol. He surrendered t">
Miss Catherine Arnold, aged 65
years, who died in Charleston, left a
handsome legacy to the Charleston
Orphan House, in which Institution
she was raised.
A Rude Landlubber.
It is said that every man's defini?
tion of the term "gentleman" makes
it inclusive of himself. Likewise it is
true that each man is prone to be?
lieve that his manners are the best
In the world. A writer in the Wash?
ington Star, speaking of this point,
relates the following story. On a
man-of-war there was once a recep?
tion, and It happened that a disting?
uished statesman forgot, or did not
know, the usual formal salute on
"Who's that lubber what don't tip
his skypiece to the skipper?" said a
"Choke you luff," returned another
sailor. "That's Senator Blank, the
famous tariff leader."
"Well," growled the first sailor,
"why ain't he got manners enough
to salute the quarter-deck?"
"Manners!" a third sailor chipped
in. "What does he know about man?
ners? I don't suppose he was ever
out of sight of land in his life."
In view of the almost universal
complaint as to the United States cus?
toms service by returning Amer'cans,
U may be well to ask our citizens to
justify their reputation for standing
for principles by imitating the ex?
ample of Mr. Labouchere in dealing
with such annoying experiences.
"Labby" was held up by the German
customs service and all his belongings
pitched out of his trunk.
"Put those things back/' said he to
the German customs officer who had
emptied his trunk.
"That is your affair," they answer?
"I stay here until you do," he re?
plied, "but give me a telegraph
In it Mr. Laboucher wrote: "To
Prince Bismarck. Berlin?Regret can?
not breakfast with your highness to?
morrow. Detained here Indefinitely."
Quick as a flash the German offi?
cers packed his trunk, and Labou?
chere went on his way rejoicing," and
with "no thought of the morrow."
Revenue officers destroyed five
stills in Greenville County last week.
RAILWAY MAID CLERKS WANTED
The Government Pays Railway Mai)
Clerk* $800 to $1,900, and Other
Employes Up to $2,500 Annually.
Uncle Sam will hold spring exami?
nations throughout the country for
Railway Mall Clerks, Custom House
Clerks, Stenographers, Bookkeepers?
Departmental Clerks and other Gov?
ernment Positions. Thousands of ap?
pointments will be made. Any man
or woman over 18, In City or Coun?
try can get Instruction and free in?
formation by writing at once to the
Bureau of Instruction, HS N. Hamlln
Building, Rochester, N. Y.
Notice is hereby given that pur?
suant to* a Resolution of the Board
of Directors, it was determined to in?
crease the capital stock of Union
Brokerage Company to the sum of
seventy-five hundred dollars, and that
a stockholders' meeting be called to
consider such Resolution, to be held
on the 19th day of February, 1910,
at eleven o'clock A. M. at the office
of the said Corporation In the City of
The stockholders will take due No?
tice of said meeting.
L. I. PARROTT,
COPY SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
State of South Carolina, County of
Sumter?Court of Common Pleas.
Llllle D. Knight, plaintiff, against
Albert Armstrong Jacobs, Ella
Stokes, Rhett Cantey, Moultrle Can
tey, Matthls Cantey, William Cantey,
Merk Cantey, Windham Cantey, Dol
lle Cantey and an infant commonly
known as "Sis Cantey", defendants.
To the Defendants above named:
You are hereby summoned and re?
quired to answer the Complaint in
this action, of which a copy is here?
with served upon you, and to serve
a copy of your Answer to the said
Complaint on the subscribers at their
office, 120-122 North Main Street, in
the City of Sumter. S. C, within
twenty days after the service hereof,
exclusive of the day of such service;
and If you fall to answer the com?
plaint within the time aforesaid, the
plaintiff in this action will apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in
Dated December 21st, A. D., 1909.
LEE A MOISE,
To the Defendant, Matthis Can?
tey, Take Notice. That the Summons
and Complaint in this action were
tiled in the office of the Clerk of said
Court, on the twenty-fourth day of
December, A. D. 1909.
LEE & MOISE,
^ i?usch's Golden Seal
Stock and Poultry Medicine
contains no poisonous substances?no
food tillers. It is medicine pure and sim?
ple, acting directly on the liver and eliminating that sluggish, torpid
state that causes the slckncFR. A valuable remedy for Cows. Horses,
Sheep. Hogs and Poultry. Try It. Bold under a jpuamnueor money
refunded. Sold by all druggists gad dealers. Priced., 00c and Cl a can.
GOLDEN CHAIN REMEDY COMPANY, Evansvllle, lad.
Rusch's Disinfectant and Ivn is guaranteed to destroy MITES and
LICE on chickens. Price '? c
We feel sate about our stock and poultry as long as we
have a can ot
Busch's Golden Seal Stock
In the house. For a sick horse, cow or chicken
It is lust iho thing and we always depend
on it (or results John F. Maynard
SI11ERT S DRUG STORE,
Removing the Trees.
As the mauer of removing the
trees from the lower part of Main
street, from the new postoffice to
Bartlett street, is now being discuss?
ed, the v rittr would like to make a
few suggestions in reference thereto,
which he trusts may not be entirely
lacking in Interest.
There are some of these trees that
should be removed, Irrespective of
their location, for the region that
they are hopelessly decayed, worth?
less fox- either shade or ornament and,
In eas* of a high wind* dangerous to
both person and property. There are
others, not especially valuable, but in
fair condition, that may, without the
sl'ghtest Inconvenience to traffic, well
be left for the present, there being
no immediate need for their removal.
The finest tree on this part of the
street Is a Willow Oak in front of the
new postofflce, and to remove it
would, in the writer's opinion, be a
piece of inexcusable vandalism, and
every possible effort should be made
to preserve It. It taks a good many
years for a tree to attain the size of
this one, and in addition to this it is
something of a land mark, planted
very probably when the city was in
its infancy. There is another tree of
the same variety, unfortunately too
near the first mentioned, which is in
very good condition and this might
be spared also. Just a little lower
down Is a fine Elm that ought also to
be left. The writer is aware of the
fact that most people hold to the
opinion that trees are out of place on
a business street, and it must be ad?
mitted that they are when the street
is narrow and the traffic heavy, but
under favorable conditions it is pos?
sible to have them in a street lined
on both sides with business houses*
Then the Idea prevails that trees on
the business streets ?f a city makes
it look like a villa**, but there Is no
force in this objection, for the sim?
ple reason that a city has Just as
much use for chade and as much
right to be attractive as has the vil?
j The writer is such a believer in
trees, both for beauty and comfort,
that if he could lay off the streets for
a future city, he would make the bus?
iness streets one hundred and fifty
feet wide, and have a row of fine
trees on each side, placing them 25
feet from the lot line, so as they
would not be in the way of the build?
ings, leaving one hundred feet for
the use of vehlcls and street cars.
This plan would not only add to the
value of the lots, but at same time
make it an ideal street for beauty
Ever since the writer has been in
Sumter he has oeen trying to induce
the Council to adopt a systematic
plan for the planting of trees and for
the care of those already on the
streets, but so far his efforts have
been unavailing. The city is growing
rapidly and some effort ought to be
made to make it attractive by plant?
ing trees, for putting aside the ques?
tion of beauty, they are. in our cli?
mate, a necessity for both comfort
and health. About a year ago one
of the street hands boasted to the
writer that he could trim a tree so
that It would not need any trimming
for the next five or six years. H?2
made good his boast, hut when he got
through with his work the tree had
very little In the way of beauty to
Sumter has. in the estimation of
the writer, for its size, a remarkable
number of attractive homes, its busi?
ness Interests are large and growing
this speaking well for the energy an*
enterprise of its citizens, yet with all
of th's nobody so much as lifts a ling?
er in the way of making the cit>
beautiful, and the question may very
reasonably be asked as to how long
this utter absence of civic pride is tti
continue. Business enterprise, with?
in reasonable limits is commendabll
in every way. but it should not domi?
nate one's time and attention to the
exclusion of everything except that
which can be converted into money.
Sumter has a very active Civic
League which is doing a great deal
of good work among the poor, but ab ?
solutely nothing In the way of mak?
ing the city attractive, and for this
reason ought to take the name of the
King's Daughters. It is certainly not
a very pleasant thought to feel that
Sumter is utterly devoid of any beau
tiful public grounds, and sadder still
to feel that this inexcusable condi?
tion of affairs Is to continue indefi?
nitely. To say that the city is too
poor, both in its corporate and In?
dividual capacity, to better present
conditions, is to make a statement
tht is utterly absurd and false; but
it 's hardly to be supposed that any
one would assume the responsibility
of saying this, that Is if he wanted
to keep his reputation for veracity.
W. D. WOODS.
Sumter, S. C. Jan. 25, 1910.
John W. TYuesdale, ? Well known
citizen of Kershaw, is dead.
A freight car and 43 bale! bf cot?
ton were burned at Easley Saturday
night. The cotton was consigned to
a cotton mill in Greenville.
The express office at Hickory.
Grove, S. C, was broken Into and
robbed of three gallons of liquor.
John Davy, a tree physician, is tell?
ing the people of Greenville how to
cure trees of diseases and how to
care for them when cured.
come here when their eyes need at?
tention. Why? Because they can
depend on getting the right treatment
and the right glasses. Why not fol?
low their example if your eye sight is
Graduate Optician in charge. Alt
W. A. Thompson
Jeweler and Optican.
NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS.
We the undersigned barbers of
Sumter do hereby agree that on and
after February 1st our price for shav?
ing will be 15 c? nts.
This advance in price has been ren?
dered necessary by the advance In
salaries of workmen, in rent, fuel
and everything else, and It is Impos?
sible to pay expenses at 10 cents?
the price in effect for the past fifteen
or twenty years.
R. K. BROWN,
J. T. EDWARDS,
LEVAN St ROBINSON,
W. H. STRANGE,
A. G. COOPER.
1-13-W. St S. until feb. 15
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