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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 02, 1910, Image 2',
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HOI DIKK-POET8 ACCOVNf OF
C1IAROK AT OiriTYSBlTHti.
Graphic Description by Peter .1. Ma?
hnte of the Terrific Conflict, in
Which He Received the Wound
Thnt Finally Knded Uta Life,
Among those who offered the'r
Mves for the South during the War
between the States, there was no Ag?
are more heroic than Peter J. Mi
lone, the spldier-poet. A mere la 1 of
It years, he bore himself with daunt?
less spirit In the famous last chirue
at the battle of Gettysburg and re?
ceived on that bloody Aeld the wound
which after ten years of suffering re?
sulted In his untimely death. A na?
tive of Charleston and at one time a
worker on the staff of the Charleston
Courier, Peter Malone crowded Into
the brief period of his mortal life,
work of so notable a quality as to In?
sure klm a place among South Caro?
lina's men of genius and ach'evmsnt
Ha was a poet of ability from whose
pan flowed some really beautiful
things; and, although he wai not a!
lowed time to fulfill the prom'se of
hie early years, ths volums containing
hie poems published only recently and
reviewed in The Sunday News of Jan
nary t, la an important contribution
In the literature of the South.
Peter J. Melons died young, before
kin mental devolpment was nearly
completed. Cut off at the age of St,
his artistry waa not allowed time to
ripen. It has been said of his work
"one of the chief points In which it
. ; Impresses ms la Its Indication?so
rare anywhere?of far greater
strength behind.' Had he lived long?
er, he might have risen to heights far
beyond those to which he actually at?
tained. His early death was directly
due to the wound that he received at
ftttysburg; and ths following des?
cription from his psn of that great
charge is a piece of writing "strong
and simple In Its truth, and yet ex?
hibiting, even thus in prose, the fer?
vor and grace of expression of the
The account of th? charge as will
be seen. Is In ths form of a lster to
Col. John Logan Black. Ths letter
Cot John Logan Black, Rldgiway.
A. C. Dear Colonel: I have taken ths
earliest opportunity to attend to your
request, and trust that the iketch
herewith given, though hastily drawn
from material preserved only In mem?
ory, may fully comprehend the object
you contemplate. Ton may And that
X am occasionally Isd into the recital
facta Irrelevant to the matter of
inquiry, but they are concomitant
facta, and serve to Illustrate ths state?
ment I desire to maks more fully
than could be accomplished did I
avoid all digression. It Is ths story
of a single charge that I propose to
write, but no leaf in the history of
any revolution bears record of a
prouder heroism, a mors, Invincible
courage, than was that day exhibited
along our depleted ranks. I And it
impossible to speak with certainty of
our arrival on the Held of Gettysburg,
or of our position at the fatal hour
of encounter. The more prominent
incident* of the terrific scene are still
pictured oa my memory; but it Is
rather as evidences of a strange, wild
dream, in which much has faded
from ths waking memory, than as
any past event of real life, that I
hp now contemplate them.
About 3 o'clock on the afternoon of
July t, lift, our brigade moved to its
position on ths left of the army.
There was one incessant roar of artil?
lery, and the ground was shaksn,
while to the northwest clouds of
smoke arose above the unbroken
thunder of six hundred guns. For a
time the tremendous reverberations
rsndered it difficult for one at a dis?
tance to determine the direction of
the battle; but knowing ths position,
It was sasy to divine that, as the din
became leas distinct, we were steadi?
ly forcing the enemy from every
point. At the time our brigade was
thrown from the serried form of the
phalanx across the fields which was
so soon to become our battle ground,
It seemed the resistance of the enemy
grew more stubborn; the smoke be?
came denser and darker, and curling
upward filled the Immense sky. We
wer? In Ignorance of the Juxtaposi?
tion of the enemy's cavalry; but any
one without risking his dexterity,
might have ventured to predict that
the quietude of this part of the field
was soon to be broken by the crash
of sabres, the shout of trlum;>h. and
the agonising cry of death. The quick
eye <>f our leader, his rapid move?
ments from regiment to regiment his
hurried, yet confident tone of com?
mand, and aoove ail. his frequent
anxious glance towards a certain
dense oak forest one mile away, were
Indications sufficient of this, even be?
fore thn skirmishers had engaged one
another on the Intermediate ground.
Soon a battery opened on us from
the enemy's line. They managed their
guns with admirable precision, but
although branches of trees were rifled
from their trunks, and shells explod?
ed In our ranks, little damage was
done. At this time our regiment was
calmly awaiting orders for the en?
gagement. The battle had opened.
I was of the color-guard, on the right
of J. H. Koger, the bearer of the
standard, whose heroism in keeping
it proudly in the face of the enemy,
and afterwards in. bearing it in
triumph from the field, where he had
narrowly escaped death and capture,
became so well known. On my right I
was Sergt. T. P. Brandenburg, whom
? ? I
you will remember as a peerless sol?
dier and a truly imperial spirit.
We were not long left quiet?Jon.
Fits Lee encountered the enjiiiv .n
out right, and being overwhelmed l.y
numbers, it became necessary for us
to attack them at our front to divert
their attention from hi* brigade Qen.
Hampton proposed to lead our regi?
ment. We started out In fine style,
and one continued shout arose from
the charging column. The enemy
now appeared In a black, compact
line, and at a casual view seemed
rather a continuation of the forest.
The Intervening ground over which
we were passing was so crossed and
seamed with fences and ditches as to
greatly Impede our progress; and th<;
sharpshooters, concealed whenever
concealment was possible, found In
the moving mass of beings an excel?
lent mark for their rifles. It was, n)
doubt, by one of those chance balls
that I was wounded.
We had not advanced beyond two
hundred yarde from the cluster of
treee where we had taken shelter,
I when I wae struck, the ball entering
my right side. Believing It to be no
more than the fragment of i. she l
which had s'ruck without breaking
aths surface. I kept on with tho regi?
ment. We were soon at the sabre
point, and fighting desperately. The
color-guard, from some mysterious
circumstance, became precipitate 4
from Its position to the head of the
column, and met the enemy at a
small opening in a fence, which soon
became so blockaded by the reirJment
as to prevent those In the rear com-,
lng to the assistance of the few who
had first entered the encloeure or any
of ua Who might be Wounded, from
securing our escape to the hospital.
Oen. Hampton. I wee informed, here
engaged a number of the enetr.y, and
eat hie way through them with Achil?
lean valor, bearing upon his noble
form the marke of cruel wounds. At
this critical moment my right side
and arm became paralysed, the sabre
fell from my hand, and large drops
of cold sweat collected upon try face.
The surgeon, seeing my unfortu?
nate condition, rode up and insisted
me over the fence. Having my blan?
kets rolled up an fastened to the
front of my saddle, I fell upon them,
being no longer\ able to sit erect;
while my horse, Infuriated by 'the
crash of cannon, the explonlo 1 of
shells, end the eight of the bl)od,
rushed desperately to the rear. Eo
fore I rached the temporary hospital
established on the field, I overtook
Private W. D. Shlrer, of Company K.
whose right arm had been broken.
He was In the very acme of pain This
unfortunate young man died from
the effects of the wound about three
weeks afterward, at Gettysburg. I
hrve no recollection of my arrival at
the hospital. Sinking into a state of
insensibility. I was carried thither by
thoee appointed for that purpose.
When aroused to consciousness, Cor?
poral H. L. Culler, of Company E,
Private Charlee Franklin of Company
3. and hundreds of other friends and
foe, were around, receiving medical
attention. ? ? ? Upon Inquiry of a
eurgeon as to the probability of my
recovery. I was candidly, but kindly
Informed that the chances were
against me. The medical opinion
was opposed to the performance of
en operation, as it would render the
"chances" of recovery still more pre
csrlous. I was utterly prostiate, and
sank from sheer exhaustion if any
effort were made to raise me up.
The next day we were informed
that our army was retreating, and
that, as we could not be moved, our
capture was certain. Surgeon-.
remained with us. When taken we
were sent to Gettysburg hospital,
where our treatment, though kind,
was rendered repugnant by the flip?
pancy of some of the United States
surgeons. One, for Instance, passed
where Corporal Culler and myself
were lying and remarked that we
"must die In any event." Culler was
shot through the body, and though
expecting this announcement, he
groaned heavily when he heard It. In
three days he was a corpse. We were
then removed to New York, where we
received the most conslderaro ot*M?
tlon. My health Improved slowly,
and as I was young at the time, I
have so far outgrown the misfortune
as to feel no (great?) Inconvenience
from It. My regret Is that thousands
were less fortunate.
In conclusion. Colonel, I have the
honor to be. Your respectfully,
P. J. MA LONE.
Orangeburg. S. C. Jan. 6, 1867.
Hev. James Royce. president of
Due Wed College, died Thursday af?
ter a ten day illness.
?For Indigestion and ?11 stomach
troubles take Feley's Orlno Laxative
It Is the natural remedy for Indirec?
tion, dyspepsia, heart' nn bad
breath, sick headache, torpid II sf
bilioueneai and habitual conetipa?
tlon. Foley's Orlno Laxative sweet?
ens the stomach and breath. end
tones up the entire alimentary sys?
tem. Sibsrt's Drug Store.
HOOZE IN GREENVILLE.
l ight Illicit Distlldrle* in Dark Cor?
ner Destroyed and the Juice Pour?
ed into I tranches.
Greenville, Jan. 28.?Revenue Of?
ficer Merrlck, Deputy Collector
Scruggs. Deputy Marshall Corn and
State Constables Cooley and Gold?
smith returned to the city today at
noon after destroying eight big illi?
cit distilleries in the "Dark Corner."
The raid lasted two days and was
one of the biggest In the history of
Greenville. Hundreds of gallons of
beer were poured into the branches
and many gallons of whiskey were
TO STOP COTTON GAMBLING.
Partners* Union Officials Would Stop
Washington, Jan. 28.?The execu?
tive officers of the National Farmers'
Union In meeting here today decided
to press upon congress the passage of
a measure for the complete suppres?
sion of the cotton and grain ex?
Charles S. Barrett, chairman of the
executive committee, states tonight
that the Farmers' Union will wage
relentless war upon these exchanges,
urging 1 Tlslatlon by congress until
something Is done about the matter.
Representative Scott, chairman of
the agricultural committee of the
houst, is in favor of the legislation
to be urged which, of course, must
take the usual turn of Indirection,
like the rate law, the pure food laws
and others, that Is, under the pro?
vision of the constitution, authorizing
ci n press to regulate interstate com?
It Is proposed to makie it unlawful
for a cotton or pr.nn exchange t? ose
the malls In any way or to transmit
telegrams from one State to another.
? It Is a dangerous thing to take a
cough medicine containing opiates
that merely stifle your cough Instead
of ourlng it. Foley's Honsy and Tar
loosens and cures the cough and ex?
pels the poisonous germs, thus pre?
venting pneumonia and consumption.
Rsfuse substitutes and take only the
genuine Foley's Honey and Tar In
ths yellow package. Slbert's Drug
The Standard OH in China.
The two largest and . most success?
ful foreign business concerns In
China are American,, says Louis
Brownlow in Success Magazine. They
are the Standard OH Company and j
the Tobacco Trust. The former ope?
rates under Its American charter and
is controlled from No. 26 Broadway,
It was the desire of the oil men to
Induce the Chinese poorer classes to
use kerosene. It was to this end
that a small lamp was Invented
which could be sold at cost for about
five or six cents. A quarter of a mil?
lion of these lamps were made in an
Ohio city and sent out to Shanghai*
Ths Standard Oil agent gathered into
his office the representatives of sev?
eral of the huge Chinese mrchant
guilds. Thy were shown the lamps,
It was explained to them how even
this small light would be a great lux?
ury in a household where there had
never been any artificial llluminant;
how the luxury would soon develop
Into a necessity, and how the pur?
chaser of a lamp must thereafter
forever be a purchaser of oil?in
fact, a very slave of the lamp. The
Chinese merchants were not slow to
see the advantages to them as the re
tall distributors of the oil, and they
placed their orders for lamps. This
is one of the reasons why the Stan?
dard Oil business in China has pros?
pered so wonderfully, and It Illus?
trates In itself the vastness of the
Chinese market and Its susceptlbllltv
to being trained to demand goods
which it does not now consume.
A Wretched Mistake
to ondure the itching, painful dis?
tress of Piles. There's no need to.
Listen: "I suffered much from
Piles." writes Will A. Marsh, of Sli?
er City. N. C. "till I got a box of
Bucklen's Arnica Salve, and was
soon cured." Burns, Bolls, Ulcers,
Fever Sores, Eczema, Cuts, Chapped
Hands. Chilblains, vanish before it
25c at Slbert's Drug Store.
Florence, Jan. 27.?Mr. Albert E.
Muldrow had a pair of mules killed,
his wagon demolished and his negro
driver seriously Injured today by the
s\\ Itching engine running Into his
team at the crossing just south of
town. William Graham, the driver,
was carried to the Atlantic Coast
Line hospital, where his leg was am?
Saved nt Death's Door.
?The door of death seemed ready
to open for Murray \V. Ayers, of
Transit Bridge, N. Y., when his life
was wonderfully saved. "I was In a
dreadful condition," he writes, "my
skin was almost yellow; eyes sun?
ken; tongue coated; emaciated from
losing 40 pounds, glowing weaker
daily. Virulent liver trouble pulling
me down to death In spite of doc?
tors. Then that matchless medl
c'no E'eotrio Fitters ? cured me*
I regained the 40 pounds lost and
now am well and strong." For all
stomach, liver and kidney troubles
they're supreme. 50c at Slbert's
Drug Store. ,
What Happened to the Militant Press.
The one newspaper of San Francis
00 that continued to denounce graft
and encourage Heney was the "Bui- j
letin." The Interests desired to crip- 1
pie and punish the "Bulletin" and to
reward the newspapers that did their j
will, says Charles Edward Russell in
Success Magazine. All business houses
are dependent for money supplies up?
on their banks. One day in the
height of the conflict the head of a
great department store, which Is also
a great advertiser, stepped into the
bank where he kept his accounts and
wanted $100,000. It is one of the
most famous banks In the West, and I
directly connected with the Southern
Pacific Railroad, which is connected
with the Standard Oil, which is con?
nected with about everything else
that makes money.
The president paused and hemmed
"You know, Mr. X-," says he.
"money is very scarce in San Fran?
"1 suppose so," says Mr. X-,
"Very scarce," says the banker,
"and we are making no large loans
except to our personal friends."
"Oh, well," says Mr. X-, "you
and I have beer friends for many
"Yes," says the banker, "but if I
let you have this money It will be on
the grounds of personal friendship,
and I shall ask you to do me a favor
"What is It?" says Mr. X-.
"I see you advertise in the 'Bulle?
"The favor I ask Is that you take
out your advertisement there. That
paper Is injurious to the best inter?
ests of San Francisco and of Busi?
ness. We are not disposed to assist
houses that advertise in tv Bulle
ln.' Advertise in the papers friendly
to Business and we shall be ?lad to
Mr. X- explain* d that he ad?
vertised in the "Bulletin" only for the
sake of the trade he thus secured. In
the end they reached a compromise
by which Mr. X- reduced by
three-fourths his advertisement in
the "Bulletin," and on these terms he
got the money.
A WIM ?llzasrd Haging
brings danger, suffering?often death
?to thousands, who take oolds.
coughs and lagrlppe?that terror of
Winter and Spring. Its danger sig
nals are Hetuffed. up" nostrils, I owe
part of nose sore, chills and fsvei
pain In the back of head, and a
throat-gripping cough* When Grip
attacks, as you value your life, don't
delay getting Dr. King's New Discov?
ery. "One bottle cured me," writee
A. D. Dunn, of Pine Valley, Miss.,
"after being Maid up' three weeks
with grip." For sore lungs, hem?
orrhages, coughs, colds, whoooping
cough, bronchitis, asthma, it's su?
preme. 60c, $1. Guaranteed by
Slbsrt's Drug Stors.
Several candidates are out for the
unexpired term of the late Supervisor
H. E. Mooneyhan. Messrs. C. T. Ev?
ans, H. B. Skinner, J. H. Stuckey and
one or two others whose names we
failed to get are out for the office. It
Is thought the appointment will be
made this week and petitions of the
several candidates from their friends
have been sent up to the legislative
Por Infante and Children.
Hie Kind You Han Always bought
H. L. B. WELLS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Money to Loan on any Good Security.
Notary Public With Seal.
Oftice Over Sumter Savings Bank.
come here when their eyes need at?
tention. Why? Because they can
dt-pend on getting the right treatment
and the right glasses. Why not fol?
low their example if your eye sight Is
Graduate Optician in charge. All
W. A. Thompson
Jeweler and Optican.
The Kind Ton Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
and has been made under his per
sonal supervision since its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good "are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil,
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium* Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoe? and Wind
Colic It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
Bean the Signature of
The KM You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
VMt atNTAUR OOHNNY, TT MURRAY ?TOCCT, MR TORR OfTT.
c o *? v lort-r'
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a dozen, or
a hundred of 'em? No better place
to get them for miles around than
right here. We have the goods at
saving prices and can deliver them
quickly and correctly. This is a de?
pot for such building materials. We
have a 'phone and we want yjur or?
The Suiter Doer, Sash & Blind Factory,
'j. W. McKelver,
Birnie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, 8. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES JAND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PORE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
The year 1909 brought us many desirable new accounts, and
a largely Increased volume of business.
We commence 1910 stronger and better prepared than ever be?
fore to please our patrons. We solicit your account.
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Co.
Can place a limit on YOUR possi?
bilities, but a GROWING bank
account with a GROWING bank
will increase them.
We solicit your banking busi?
Bank of Sumter.