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?usTWSY LETTE HS FROM OUR SPE?
of Interest From all Parti ol
aad Adjoining Countlen.
HOTICB TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mall your lettore to that they will
thla office not later than Mon
When Intended for Wednesday's
aad not Inter than Thursday
fee Saturday's Issue. This, of coiree,
Isaf II es only to regular correspond
In case of Items of unusual
value, eend In Immediately by
telephone er telegraph, Huch
atoTiee are acceptable up to the
of going to preea Wednesday s
Ig printed Tuesday afternoon
Saturday's paper Friday after
Smtthvllle. Jan. 28.?The much
seeded rain came, followed by the
usual btlasard and the people In thli
ejection are nearly all sick with severe
eel da Mr*. Sallle Robertson Is very
SI. Mies Mabel Hatfleld and mother
are quite sick. Mrs. James Rurkett
le etlll very sick.
Mr. Marvin Weldon and Miss Alma
aughmen were married at the Meth
|g* parsonage Tuesday afternoon at
4 o'clock. The bride wee beautifully
gowned In a lavender coat suit. Miss
Caughman was Smlthvllles most
beautiful young lady; Uli. queenly
and divinely fair; her charming mari?
nere have won for her a host of
friends. Mr. Weldon Is one of our
prominent and Industrious young
i. We wish for them the greatest
Mr. W. J. Shiver Is very sick to
Rev. B. M. Robertson and family
are oomlng today to visit his moth
Cards are out announcing the mar
rtace of M lea Clyde Weldon and Mr.
Charlie Jones. The marriage will be
solemnised at the residence of the
gride's father. Mr. R. P. Weldon.
1* 8. Vlnson. J. W. and D. L. Rob
ertaon. J. M. Hawkins and Rev. S. B.
Hatfleld ip*nt Tueeday In Caeaden.
Mr. T. C. Robertson and Mr. W. N.
Dealap spent Wednesday In Cam
Messrs Charlie and J. L. Shiver.
Oarlle Baker and J. M Hawkins
Save been appointed to attend the
IVee county Union, which convenee
with Cedar Creek church.
Mise Hattle Huaey is a delegate to
the. missionary Union.
The friends of Mr. J. K. Dupre are
?jerry to learn that he la quite sick.
Mrs. M. B. McManue Is serously
fit no hope la entertained for her re
Max, Jen. 28.?Mr. and Mra B. M.
Truluck w*nt to St Charles last Sun
Mesa Bell White le spending time
with her cousin. Mrs. H. R. Toinlin
Miaeee Ellen Carraway. UUIe B.
Truluck and Rhea Truluck went to
There was a social party at Mr. A.
O. Wall's last Friday night.
Miss MolUe Sapouch gave her pu?
pils a candy pulling Monday night at
See boms of Mr. Bryant Smith's.
Mr. Napoleon McNeil will fern on
Sie father's place at Durwood. Farm
lag le one of the nobleet occupations.
M.. A. J. Goodman divided liberal?
ly the oranges and grape fruit vhlch
Se had shipped from Florida, with
Sie neighbor* and friends. They were
eery much appreciated.
The funeral services of R. W.
Wslsh, a Confederate veteran, who
cVed at his home a few rallen be?
low Lynchburg, on the 22nd. and was
hurled at Bethel last Sunday after?
noon et 2 o'clock, was conducted by
Rev. B. K Truluck.
Mrs. J. C. Truluck It quite slek.
A big and dangerous looking forest
Awe raged near here yesterday. For?
tunately there was not any damage
Sons except tlmt>er and ttraw being
Ptegah. Jan. SI.?Orlp is raging In
this action. If any man thinks
that It is something to be treated
lightly, he ought to test it and see
what results will be.
Rev. J. Walter Kennev. wife and
children, of Orangeburg, are hero
visiting relatives a?d friends. Mr.
Ksnney's many friends are glad to
ess him and his wife, who was Miss
Minnie Williams of Orangeburg.
Miss Juanlta MrLeod Is visiting
relatives and friends In Columbln
The Union Baptist church of this
place It building a lsrge church.
Wtsacky, Jan. 28.?Farm work Is
progressing very satisfactorily now.
It teems that the cotton and corn
acreage will be about the same as
last year, and about the same quan?
tity of fertilisers will be used.
We have had a few days of intent
cold, but the weather has moderated
and It Is now raining, which has
been greatly needed for some time.
Many wells have become dry, and
the mill ponds were so low, that no
corn has been ground In two months.
There has been very much sickness
in this community among both white
and colored, and some very serious
Mrs. Eva Smith, of Blshopville, has
been visiting her sick mother, Mrs.
K. J. Williams this week. We are
glad to say Mrs. Williams is Improv?
Some few from this seotlon attend?
ed the laying of the corner stone at
the Presbyterian church in BUhop
vill on the 25th. There were several
hundred persons present.
A few persons from this commu?
nity attended the marriage of Miss
Tyson English to Mr. Louis Des
Champs. They report a most delight?
?gypt, January 29.?We are sure
having enough rain in this soctlon
now. The farm work is at a standstill
Hauling fertiliser and ploughing
has been going on for several veeks.
Oats are looking very bad.
Miss Irene Weldon entertained a
few of her friends last Friday even?
ing. Among those present were:
Misses Aline Hunter. Belle McC utch
en, Dorothy Napier and Irene Wel?
don. Messrs Tommy Jenkins, James
Jenkins, Author McLeod. H. Evans.
Reggie McCutchen and OUn White.
Mr. and Mrs. F. G. Peebles spent
Thursday in Camden.
Mr. Marion Weldon and Miss Alma
Caughman were married last Tues?
day at the home of Rev. R. E. Sharp.
Rev. Sharp officiating. The gro^m is
one of our most prominent young
men, the bride Is one of Herlot? most
popular and charming young adles.
We extend to them our heartiest con?
gratulations and wish them a never
Messrs Lawrence White and John
McCutchen, spent a few days c-f last
week with Dr. T. D. Foxwo-th of
Mr. J. W. Weldon spent last Tues?
day in Blshopville.
Mr. Davis Boykin died last Wed?
nesday after several month's Illness
He was a young man about 30 years
of age. He leaves one daughter and a
host of relatives and frlen Is to
mourn his death. He was burled Thur?
sday at Mfspah cemetry. He was a
member of Mlspah Baptist c lurch
Rev. T. S. Cole conducted the 'uner
The health is very good.
Hagood, January 30.?The rain on
last Friday was a very heavy ore. It
was the only heavy rain that hai fall?
en here since last July. It will prove
very benlflcial to the oat crop which
has suffered for the lack of moisture.
The month of January has been fa?
vorable for farm work and most of
our farmers have made good ise of
It. A lot of land has been broke i; the
most of it with two horse pious, the
Idea seems to be deep plowing snd
Mrs. T. P. Sanders and children
spent several days in Charleston last
week with relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. A. U Jackson who
have been on a visit to Mr. and Mrs.
R. M. HUderbrand, returned to their
home In Surater this morning.
Mrs. A. P. Galllard and Mr. Arthur
Galllard Jr., are on a visit to re atlves
in Berkley County.
Dr. P. 8. Kirk of Eutawville. is on
a visit to his son Dr. W. S. Kiric.
Mr. A. K. Sanders accompanied
the Legislators on their ex curs on to
Charleston last week.
Mr. D. V. Keels and Miss Annie
Keels of Remberts, attended services
at the Eplsclpal church yester lay.
Bishop Guerry Is expected to pay
his annual visitation to the Church
of the Ascension on February 15th.
Mr. E. R. Alston who suffer?d a
serious accident by a fall from s bug?
gy some time ago Is able to be up
What His Side Wanted.
(From the Louisville Tlmen.)
Samuel Untermeyer was being con?
gratulated at the Manhattan Cl ib on
his recent successful conduct of a
murder case. The distinguished cor?
poration lawyer modestly evaded nil
these compliments by the nar-ation
of u number of ancedotes of criminal
"One case, In my native Lynch
burg." he said. "Implicated a planter
of sinister repute. The planter's chiet
witness was a servant named Cal
houn White. The proseeutlon bellSTfd
that Calhoun White knew much
about his mastery's shady side. It Is
aiag believed that Calhoun , in )\Ia
misplaced affection, would lie in the
"When on the stand, Calhoun was
ready for cross-examination, the
prosecuting counsel said to him.
"Now Calhoun. I want you to un?
derstand the Importance of tellliiK
the truth, the whole truth, and noth?
ing but the truth In this case."
" 'Yas, sah.' said Calhoun.
M 'You know what will happen. I
suppose, If you don't tell the truth ."
" 'Yas, sah,' said Calhoun.
promptly 'Our slde'll win de case.' "
ttlHM GRAFT CASES.
glavis centim es His EXPOS?
URE OF corrupt officials.
He lLis Documentary Evidence That
Fi und Existed and Tliat Certain
liund Office OilUials Were in Lea?
gue With the Grafters.
Wushington, Jan. 29.?Louis R*
Glavis concluded his testimony before
the Ballinger-Pinchot congressional
Investigating committee late today.
He will be recalled at the resumption
of the hearing Monday afternoon for
cross-examination by any of the per?
sons against whom he has made
Glavis' last day on the stand was
full of interest. It developed the ani?
mus which long has existed between
the land office and the forestry bureau
and the resentment the land office
people felt when Glavis called in "the
forestry" as they termed it.
The witness also declared that
Representative MeLachan of Califor?
nia and Representative Kincald of
Nebraska were interested in Alaska
claims and that Mr. Ballinger after
being commissioner of the land office
had acted as attorney for Mr. Kin
ca'd. Glavis asserted that Mr. Bal
linger had suggested to him not t?"*
pursue an investigation of Congress?
man MeLachan, saying there "had
been too much of that sort of thing
in the past."
Glavis said he did not see Repre
sentative MeLachan. Glavis was ask?
ed the direct question if he thought
Secretary Ballinger and Commission?
er of the General Land Office Den?
nett were in league to do wrong in
the Alaska cases. He replied:
"Well, I thought the cases would
be bei.ter protected with them out of
Glavis* attack seemed to centre
more today upon Commissioner Den?
nett. He said he became convinced
in the summer oi 1908, that Dennett
was "crooked" and took steps to se?
cure carbon copies of letters Dennett
was writing back to Washington
Several of these letters were intro?
duced. One of these introducd was
from Commsslonr Dennett to S. H.
Schwarte, chief of the field service,
dated July 20, 1909, at Seattle and
said among other things:
"My dear Schwartz: The wr.*st
situation on the line Is the one I find
here. Our friend Glavis. He re?
garded me with suspicion and after
talking a while showed me your tele?
gram assigning the coal cases to
Sheridan. ? Now i figure that Glavis
is preparing to make a cushion for
himself to fall back on, and also put?
ting himself In shape to have a great
story in caso Sheridan does not make
good and succeed In cancelling the
"WhMe he looks Innocently at me
yet I can see that his heart is bad.
though why it should be I can not
tell, except that he wanted to drag
the case out. He may be sincere,
of course in his Idea that he has not
been given time and opportunity. He
asserts nhat he will help Sheridan all
he can, but It is not human nature,
or at least not his human nature.
The atmosphere Is not good at all.
"That he is playing the forestry
there is no question. The Innocent
look he gave me when i told him he
was dragging in Shaw, etc., when
there was no necessity was beautiful.
He has also talked conservation very
strongly. Glavis talking conserva?
tion! All round he is ugly and he Is
preparing to be as unpleasant as he
can, at least that is my solution of
"Glavis professes the greatest
friendship to you and I think you
know him better than any one else,
and this is certainly the worst situ?
ation we have. He will make about
40 favorable and about 500 unfavor?
able reports; the way things will
commence to drop will be amusing."
The morning session had not pro?
ceeded very far when Senator Nelson
clashed with Glavis who had intimat?
ed that attempts had been made to
hinder him in the Investigation of the
Alaska cases during the period from
October, 1908, to April, 1909.
"In any of your talks with Land
Commissioner Dennett was there as a
matter of fact any attempt to hinder
you in your work?" asked the chair?
"Yes, they did," replied Glavis.
Glavie went into some detail about
the visit of Fred Dennett, commis?
sioner of the land office, to Seattle In
July, 1909. Various letters were read
In this connection in which Dennett
and Glavll both spoke of each other
In anything but complimentary
At one point Qlavil In his testi?
mony said hi had heard Dennett was
Writing some "peculiar letters back
to Washington and had made an ar?
rangement with the man acting ??
Dennett's stenographer to save
copy of all letters for him.
"1 thought h<> was crooked," said
OlnvK "und when 1 went to see him
I atktd the stenographer to take
down nil I said and all Dennett said
Glavis said he had also told f. J.
Heney of his suspicious regarding
"In view of all I had heard about
Mr. Dennett I thought something
was wrong," said G la vis.
One of the letters put in evidence
today was addressed by Chief of Field
Division Schwartz to G. W. Woodruff,
assistant attorney general lor the in?
Mr. Brandeis offered a letter
which, after makir.g certain inquiries
as to the interpretation of the Alask?
an coal land of May ~$. 1908, said,
"1 submit this Inquiry in no spirit
of criticism of the regulation except
that I feel that we need every ounce
of power to prevent Alaskan frauds
which will, by comparison, make past
frauds appear as petty larcency."
"We have pending about 500 coal
entries; every man on the coast, who
knows anything knows the Guggen?
heims do and will control the coal
situation unless at once forestalled.
The act of May 28. 1908, limiting its
consolidation benefits to enterprises
already made (Guggenheim and two
or three other corporations) and so
shuts out future competition.
"Exhibits show coal in from 20 to
80 width blankets of clear coal. The
500 entries have, say, 80,00^ acres.
At 10 cents a ton on 20 foot veins the
royalty alone is $160,000.000."
SI MMERTOX NEWS.
The Comet Observed by Residents
on Friday?Other Matters of In?
Summerton, Jan. 31.?Summerton
ians are not habitually given to star?
gazing, considering themselves re?
sponsible for more practicable affairs
In the daily walk of life, yet we find
ourselves having greatness thrust
upon us in the as.ronomical world in
the observation of the recent comet.
Antedating by a day all reported ob?
servations, several of our citizens,
(who have, by the way, seen many be?
fore.) saw this particular spectacle of
of interest on Friday evening. So far
we have noted observations as hav?
ing been made on Saturday at other
places. This is no doubt one of the
many pointers toward the conspicu?
ous position Summerton must* event?
We have previously had occass'on
to mention the tendency on +v 1 part
of our farmers to apprec. the
value of building up small industries.
An instance of this recently brought
to our notice is the canning of veget?
ables which a few of cur farmers are
engaging in with great success. Mr.
William Felder, quite a large farmer
of this section, has for a number of
years done this to some extent, but
this year he has far surpassed any
previous record; and our town people
are beginning to rely on him for their
canned tomatqes for winter use. One
of the expected enterprises of the near
future will be a canning factory.
As the planting season approaches,
many preparations for re-cultivation
are apparent. From early morning
until dusk wagons may be seen pass?
ing loaded with the newly arrived
fertilizers, as well as farm imple?
ments of all kinds. In fact the hard?
ware company of this place is fast
becoming the supply house for farm?
ers far and near. Only a day or two
ago were seen shipments of wire fen?
cing and other material to Jordan
and other places, and some plow
points to a farmer near Eutawville.
Mr. Plumer Clark, recently employ?
ed in the drug store of W. E. Brown
& Co., of Manning, arrived a few
days since to accept a position with
Capers & Co.,
Messrs Harry Davis and Wallace
Mathis left a few days ago to take
business courses at Draughn's Busi?
ness College of Atlanta, Ga?
A recital by the pupils of Miss
Mabel Harper's Music Class was given
at the School Auditorium on Friday
evening. Owing to the inclemency of
the weather all of those taking part
could not be present and the per?
formance will be repeated this eve?
ning at 8 o'clock.
Another entertainment given re?
cently at Panola by the local talent
of that neighborhood will be given
in Summerton on Friday evening,
February 4th. Amateur performances
have ever occupied a prominent place
in this locality .and we may count on
this to come up to the usual high
Quite a number of prominent mem?
bers of the Bar were seen in town on
Thursday in attendance upon Judge
Hichhurg's Court. Among them were:
Judge R. O. Purdy of Sumter, W. C.
Davis. Oliver O'Bryan and ('harltan
Du Rant of Manning.
Hon's. o. C. Scarborough and
J. R. Dingle who are attending the
meeting of South Carolina's General
Assembly spent yesterday at their
Mr. John Raskins who for the past
few years has been enlisted in the
United States Army In the Philllpine
Islands, spent a few days last week
at the home of Col. O. C. Scarbor?
If you want a fine piano or a gold
watch, or If you have a friend who
wants either get Into the Voting Con?
test we are conducting.
HUMAN GASE IN COURT.
SENATOR IS PRESENT AN I) SUM?
MITS AN AFFIDAVIT.
Marital Trouble of R. R. TlUmau, Jr..
ami His Wife I^ald Hare by letter':
EfT< :t to Secure Custody of Child?
Columbia. Jan. 31.?Such a story
cf marital unhappiness, of .separa?
tions, of striving for the pONtCMiotl of
offspring never came before a South
Carolina Court, and perhaps rarely
before any other Court, as was told
in the Supreme Court today, when
Mrs. B. R. Tillman, Jr., appeared un?
der a petition to secure custody of
her two little daughters. There was
nothing left untold, the whole marital
life of Mr. and Mrs. B. R. Tillman.
Jr., was given in numerous affidavits
from the first day of their marriage
to the happenings leading to the pre?
sent proceeding in the Court. It
was indeed a recital such as one
reads of in books and only once in a
while sees enacted in real life.
Counties charges and counter
charges were aired and set out in
minute detail in the various affida?
vits submitted In behalf of young
Mrs. Tillman and those supporting
the contention of her husband. Sen?
ator B. R. Tillman appeared in court
and sat throughout the proceedings.
He himself submitted an affidavit,
which was a fine piece of work, set?
ting out all differences that arose
between his son and wife and giving
his reasons for taking the custody of
his two grandch?dren under the
terms of the deed from his son.
The point of issue between Mr.
and Mrs. B. R. Tillman, Ja., is the
custody of their two children, Dou
schka Plckens Tillman and Sar*h
Stark Tillman. The mother and la?
ther having separated and all efforts
at a reconciliation being of no avsll,
the question arose as to who shot.Id
have possession of the two lit:le
daughters. An agreement was reach?
ed at one time that the two children
should be alternately with each
parent, but later the deed was ex?
ecuted by which they were turned
over to Senator and Mrs. B. R. Till?
man, the parents of B. R. Tillman,
To those in the court room today
the affidavits read were bearers of
a sad and pitiful message. The or.ee
happy young couple were pictured
at their new home; then step by step
the estrangement, the hatred of the
two old families that not even leve
could conquor, the efforts on the part
of all Interested t:> make the path of
married life easier, the outbreak of
all the hatred that beforehand had
been smoothered?and finally the
Not even his own father and
mother claimed for young Tillman
that his life had been an exemplary
one since his marriage. Admlting that
the boy had been a drunkard at vari?
ous times within the past few years,
but declaring that before his marlage
he had led a sober life, Senator Till?
man, in his remarkable affidavit, laid
bare the whole history of " B. R.'s"
life. He told of the occasions when
his son was almost bereft of reason,
because of drink, of how he had on
one such occassion attacked the
character of his beautiful young wife
and was sorry the day after, of 'he
many times that unavallng efforts
had been made to bring the couple
together. Senator Tillman's affidavit
certainly bore the earmarks of frank?
ness, and in Its beauty of language
and evident show of sincerity towards
those who had entered Into his life,
was a document that mayhap knows
no parallel In South Carolina.
The husband likewise did not deny
that he had been addicted to the use
of drink. His affidavit leaned ofuen
kindly toward his wife and showed
that even In the home, which is now
no more, there had been deep affect?
ion. He, however, denied that he lad
ever been cruel to his wife, except
perhaps on that one occassion, when
he, under the Inffluence of drink, at?
tacked her character; that for this re?
morse had come to him. Now he
ta. ..-s no longer strong drink and
feels that he has returned Into him?
In the court room, surrounded by
I her friends, the young wife sat
through the proceedings to-day. A
strlnklngly handsome woman her
pale face showed that it was not to
her liking to come into n Court of
equity and seek relief. She evinced
great interest in the opening part <>f
the hearing, but as her heartstrings
were touched i>> the recital >>f events
in marital lite of herself and her
husband, she lowered In r lead, and
it was apparently with great effort
that she 1.-strained a public show of
feeling. Her evident deslrs to be with
her children was expressed when, after
a consultation with her at the close
of the hearing, her counsel requCS sd
the Court to allow the mother ihe
custody of tli?* two children, pending
the settlement of the case. The ('out
stated that It would decide the matter
and made no ruling at the time on
ignorant of what was going on be?
yond the door that sereeened them
from those within the Supreme Court
room, the two little girls around
whom centres so much of contest,
played In Hie clerk's room, where
was also Mrs. B. Et Tillman, this
morning. In order to amuse the elder
i pencil and a piece of paper were
given her. At once she sat down and
said: "Now I am going p) write a note
P* m:ma." The younger said: "Yes.
I srant to see my mama," but the
mother did not see the children, for
they e/ete not brought into the Court
room. .-he expressed a desire to be
w! i U. m to hfr friends.
A mother seeking her two babes!
The sisterhood of women brought
many of those whose lives are given
for others to the Court room this
morning. Even before the case was
called there were ladies in th lobby
of the State House, and after the case
had ben entered into and the Court
room was crowded almost to its capa?
city more ladles arrived. It was nec?
essary for the Court to suspend for a
fer.' minutes owing to the confusion
of providing seats for the ladies.
Some were not able to secure a place
In the Court room, and stood on
chairs without and looked in through
the large glass doors of the Supreme
Court room. On the outside one lady
was seated in one of the outer wind?
ows of the room. Much interest was
manifested by the ladles present, and
not one of them left during the course
, of the proceedings, all remaining
during the four hours of the hearing,
j Many prominent men were present
I at the hearing, including members of
j the Legislature, prominent lawyers and
men in every profe*jion. Of the Tlll
> man family there were present Senator
Tillman. B. R. Tillman Jr. Henry Till*
| man and others connected with the
family. Mrs. B. R. Tillman, Jr, waa
accompanied to the Court room by
several of her kinsmen.
JACKSON SMITH DRAD.
Carolinian and Ex-Member of Canal
Commission Passes Away.
Columbia. Jan. 29.?Jackson Smith,
a well known civil engineer, a native
South Carolinian and a former mem?
ber of the Panama Canal Commission
died yesterday in Portland, Ore., ac?
cording to a dispatch received here
b} his sister, Mrs. H. A. Gaeque. He
was appointed a member of the com?
mission by President Roosevelt He
was 4 7 years of age and was born In
LOVFTrS APPEAL REJECTED.
President Decides To Press Suit To
Dissolve Merger of Pacific Road*.
VasdVngton. Jan. 28.?The Presi?
dent has determined to press to a
conclusion the pending suit against
the Union Pacific and Southern Pa?
cific Railroad Companies looking to
a dissolution of the merger. Today he
concluded to deny the application of
Judpe Lovett, Mr. Harrlman's auc
esteor? for dismissal of the suit.
Soon after Judge Lovett, with a
"luinbei of influential railroad people,
.appealed to the President to quash
?;he proceedings before Judge Vandev
entei's court in Salt Lake City, Mr.
Taft, following the course adopted In
the case of the New York, New Hav?
en and Hartford, when a similar ap?
peal was made, referred the matter
to the Attorney General for examin?
ation and report.
In the New England case it was
found that, owing to the action taken
by Massachusetts and the insignifi?
cance of the government's interests, it
would be best to abandon the prose?
cution of the railroad, and this was
But Attorney General Wtckereham
reached a different conclusion in thl*
Pacific Railroad merger case. Taday
he handed Preslient Taft a volumin?
ous report, the conclusions of which
justifies the President in the an?
nouncement that there was a good
case against the railroads, based up?
on the decision in the Northern Se?
curities litigation. Therefore the
proceedings at Salt Lake City will be
pressed. The status of the case at
present Is this: The government has
put in its testimony. The defense
must begin in April, and the usual
evidence in rebuttal must be submit?
ted thereafter. Then the caae will
go to that novel tribunal of four
judges provided for b> the Anti-trust
act. known as the "expediting court.**
and doubtless in the end It wlll'come
before the Supreme Court of the Uni
Prices have gone down a bit, but
the dealers attribute the decline to
the weather and not the consumer'!
attitude. The consumer never getg
any credit for anything, except a
week or two before election.?New
Th<> Insurgents s?<m to have g!v?>n
up the war daaee let the party co?
The question of the hour at Wash?
ington is. "What is a Republican?"-?
Custom reconciles ut- to everything