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Hit GdluKbmun ;mi) ^aaikoK.
SATUROAY, FEBRUARY 5, 19(0.
The Sumter Watchman was found- j
ad In 1860 and the True Southron in
lift. The Watchman and Southron
tow has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In 8umter.
Senator Joe Bailey Is an able man,
else the Standard Oil Company would
aot have retained him In a legal ca
1 nclty. but that Is not sufficient reason
for the Legislators of South Carolina
to ask him to come down to Colum?
bia to tell them how to vote on the
Federal Income tax amendment. Once
xgaln the Senate has checked the
unwisdom of the House.
Representative Foster's bill may
keep the washer woman from
wearing her mistress's shirt waist,
but what about the washer woman's
husband and the boss man's shirt?
e \e . t
There was a time when the legis?
lature received the kicks and cuffs
administered by Senator Tillman and
thanked him for the attention, but
a new generation has come upon the
e ? ?
The present session of the legis?
lature should not adjourn without
repealing the statute that makes pos?
sible such eajea as the Tillman suit
now in the courts. There should be a
law by which children could be re?
moved, from the custody of an un?
worthy or vicious parent?father or
mother- but the law under which the
Tillman action was taken Is Inhuman
in that It places the mother at the
mercy of a vindictive husband.
MEETING OF COUNTY BOARD.
RuergetU' Measure* for Suppression
of Small Fox Authorised. Compul?
sory Vaccination Ordered?Public
Road to Betts Mill to be Opened.
The County Bosrd of Commission?
ers met Tuesday Feb. 1st. In regular
session with all members present.
Dr. K 8. Booth. President of the
City Board of Heelth , and Health
Officer Reardon appeared before the
board to confer In respect to the
email pox situation In the Boasard's
section Mr. Reardon made report of
his investigation made at the In?
stance of Supervisor Pitts. He said that
he found Mr. Madison Yates suffer?
ing with a virulent case of small pox
and that many of his neighbors had
been exposed to contagion. He had
vaccinated 1(1 people and advised
that vaccination in that section be
continued. He also advised that steps
be taken to enforce the law as to
vaccination, as many people refuse
to submit to vaccination.
Dr. Booth advised that energetic
measures be taken, that the co-oper?
ation of Lee County bw secured In
the effort to prevent an epidomlc.
and that an officer be appointed to
go into the infected sections and en?
force vaccination and quarantine.
He offered the services of Health
Officer Reardon as long as he can be
?pared from his regular duties.
The Clerk waa directed to write to
the County Commissioners of Lee
County requesting them to take up
the matter in that county. He was
Instructed, also, to write to Stats
Health Officer Williams, that Stimter
County is doing its part but would
be glad for him to take up the mat?
ter with Lee County and urge co-op?
eration on their part.
Dr. C. P. Osteen. who wan first
called in to attend Mr. Yates ard re?
ported the case to the Health Officer,
stated that the case Is small pox of
the most severe type and the situa?
tion In the neighborhood demands
that prompt and strict measures be
taken If an epidemic Is to be warded
off. The patient had visited around
In the neighborhood and no precaut?
ions had been taken prior to his and
the Health Oiflcer's visit. The place
is a center for considerable congre?
gation of people of that section,
being near the cross roads and a
country store and that a large number
of people had been exposed to infect?
ion. He advised that co-operation of
Lee County be secured and that the
law aa to vaccination and the quar?
antine of infected places be lnforced.
It was moved and carried that Dr.
Oetecn and Health Officer Reardon
a* instructed to take such measures
as they deemed necessary to. control
the situation and stamp out the small
pox in the Infected section. Health
Officer Reardon whs directed to have
warrants Issued for all persons re?
fusing to be vaccinated and to comply
with the requirements of the health
laws of the State.
Mr. J. W. Allen presented a peti?
tion for a public road leading from
the Retts lumber mill to the Mayes
ville road. The petition was grant?
The Supervisor was Instructed It
dispose of the furniture turned over
to the county by the dispensary.
The removal of a house on Mr. T.
D." McLeod's place that Is on the
right of way of the public road from
Rembert to Plsgah was discussed,
but no action was taken.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers ?
(Conducted) by E. \V. Dabbs, I'resident Farmers' I'nion of Sunder y
The Watchman and Southron riaving decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o.r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | abllshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual oeneflt to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville, S. C.
To the Boys Who Are Thinking of
Entering the Corn Contest:
A letter from the President of The
Sumter Savings Bank, states that the
Board of Directors of that Bank are
very much interested in promoting
better farming and will give a "Cer?
tificate of Deposit for $25 bearing 5
per cent, interest to the boy who
grows the most corn on one acre or
any number of acres. The terms of
the contest have been, by them, left
in my hands to arrange. I am glad
they make their prize "a certificate
of deposit." It will encourage the
saving habit. The boy winning it, If
not now carrying a savings account,
will begin with this prize. I trust
the other Banks, if they see fit to
contribute to the prizes, will make
them in the shape of certificate:* of
deposit In their savings department.
In addition to the above the
Osteen Publishing Company, pub?
lishers of the Watchman and South?
ron and The Daily Item, authorizes
me to announce the offer of $50 for
the best bushel of seed corn proluc
ed by a member of the Boys' Corn
Club, the award to be made on the
following points: perfection of
sample bushel submitted, the yield
per acre and the economy in cost of
This prize Is offered to encourage
the development and growth of a
type of corn especially adapted to
the soil of this section. Those who
contest for the prize must be prepar?
ed to furnish a brief history of the
seed used and furnish an accurate
itemized statement of the cost of
growing the acre of corn from which
the prize bushel is selected.
Knight Bros., today put down
their unconditional offer of $50 for
a first prize to the boy in Sumter
county growing the most corn on
one acre In 1910. This makes $175
for first prize open to this county.
If a Union boy wins the first prize,
he receives $100, while If the boy
who has the largest yield also has
the best bushel of seed corn he will
also receive the Osteen Publishing
Co's.. prize of $50, making a total of
The other ' banks and the mer?
chants of Sumter are still to be
heard from, and it Is hoped that
other public spirited citizens will
unite In the effort to Increase the pro?
fits from our farms.
E. W. Dabbs, President,
Sumter County Farmers' Union.
Some llandom Thoughts.
Articles on winter breaking and
plowing under green or cover crops
deserve careful reading. There is
more winter breaking going on than
I ever saw before, anjl soil conditons
have been ideal for the best kind of
plowing. I wish some of our farm?
ers would experiment with running a
spike tooth harrow over this broken
land every week until planting time.
Take one acre, and leave the harrow
on it and once a week, when the
ground is dry, hitch up a team and
thoroughly harrow the surface. An
Acme harrow would do Just as well
or may be better. Keep this up un?
til time to bed and plant, or rather
lay off and plant level, and there
could be no question of getting a
stand and early development of the
young plants. Then keep account of
the erops grown and see if the har
ro w Inga paid. It Is worth a trial.
E. W. D.
HOYS COHN CONTEST.
"Hie school boys of Sumter, city
and county are requested to meet at
the Court House it 11 o'cloc c, a. m.
on Saturduy, Feb. 12th. for the pur?
pose of organizing the Sumter County
Boy's Corn Club. Valuable prizes
will be offered to those who succeed
best with one acre of corn.
S. D. Cain,
County Superintendent of Education.
Editor Farmers Union De larment,
Watchman and Southron:
Mr. S. D. Cain, County SuperIn?
tendant of Education, has called a
meeting of all the boys who have
agreed to Join the "Sumtei County
Boys Corn Club," and all of those
who wish to join, to meet In Sumter
Saturday a. m. Feb. the 12th. An
organization with President, Vice
President, and Secretary, will be
perfected; and information and in?
structions as to the methods to be
carried out in growing the corn, will
be given the boys. The instructions
will cover how to select and breed
the best seed. Let each boy, or
man that wishes, bring along thirty
or forty of his best selected seed
ears, and an expert from the De?
partment of Agriculture at Washing?
ton, will select the best seed ear, and
explain wherein the corn fails to
conform to a true type. This is a
proposition in which there is no
chance of losing and every boy that
joins the club is sure to win. If ho
wins neither of the National.
State, nor County prizes, of which
there are a number, amounting in
value to hundreds of dollars, he Is
sure to gain some experience and in?
formation that will be of Inestimable
value all the rest of his life. Some
of the business men of Sumter are
especially active in encouraging the
organization and creating- interest In
the "Boy's Corn Club," and probab
j ly all will bt when It is brought
j to their attention. Notably
among these are Mr. R. I. Man?
ning and Mr. Lee Scarborough, who
will guarantee a substantial prize
fund. The Farmers' Union has al?
ready donated fifty dollars. There
will be at least a half dozen county
prizes offered and the boy who wins
first prize will get more than fifty
dollars In cash, besides the chances
at the State and National prizes
Then he may have the opportunity
of selling his corn for seed at a
fancy price. Bascom Usher, the
Marlboro boy, who won the National
prize from South Carolina, sold all
of his corn to the Government for
two dollars per bushel. I should like
very much to see every school In the
county well represented at the court
house Saturday, A. M., February 12.
I believe the boys will take hold and
continue to keep Sumter county
among the leaders as she has al?
J. FRANK WILLIAMS.
By Tait Butler.
Soils are formed by the weather?
ing of rocks. That is, the effect of the
weather-air, moisture, frost, etc., up?
on rocks is to break them up and
finally pulverize them and mak* them
Into soil. The weathering of the soil
further tends to break up and pulver?
ise the particles, and the smaller the
foil particles, the more plant
foods set free or made Into condition
for the plants to use.
Winter plowing adds to the weath
ing effects of the winter freezes and
rains on soil. Is this desirable? It is
of Itself, wholly so; but there nay
follow results which are undesirable.
These undesirable results should
always be kept in mind, but they are
not so serious nor so difficult to over?
come as to prevent the winter plowing
of practically all ends not growing
Objections to Plowing in Winter.
In this Southern country probably
the most serious objection to winter
plowing is that it increases the tend?
ency to wash off certain lands, those
In the valleys that overfllow, in which
this overflow Is accompanied by the
formation of currents, and those hill
lands which lie in such manner as to
causes certain aroe4 to receive large
quantities of water from other areas
In addition to that which falls direct?
ly upon them. In many cases, in
fact, in the most cases?ditching, ter?
racing and proper plowing will cor?
rect these defects.
Of course, there is a greater prob?
ability of finding the lands too wet
for plowing in the winter than in the
fall; but while lands should never be
plowed too wet, it remains a fact thnt
the winter plowing of lands when too
wet does comp uitavely little harm
because of the freezes and rains
which follow and the absence of a
hot sun to cause the baking of the
soil. Directly stated, the winter
plowing of lands throws them up In?
to such loose condition that the
hetavy rains of winter have more op?
portunity to wash the bare, loose soil
away and, even when this does not
occur, to leach out and waste the
soluble or available nitrogen.
These are real objections which
we should strive to overcome be?
cause the other effects are so bene?
ficial that we can not afford to neg?
lect winter plowing as an aid to bet?
Some of the beneficial effects ^of
winter plowing may be briefly stated
is follows: All grass, weeds, stalks,
etc., which are on the land may be
plowed under, where they will at
least partially decay and Improve the
texture of the soil and help to feed
the next crop grown on the land. If
not plowed under until spring, it may
become necessary to burn them in
order to get the land in condition to
plant. If the quantities of these ma?
terials on the land be large, they can?
not be turned under late in the
spring and the land gotten into sat?
isfactory condition for planting. This
leads to the burning of this much
needed humus-forming material, or
the results are an improperly prepar?
ed seed bed. We have thought we had
to burn these materials because our
small plows would not turn them un?
der, but if we had plowed them under
as best we could in the fall and win?
ter, even with our small plows, that
part remaining uncovered could eas?
ily have been managed by a spring
plowing. Large plows and winter
turning are both needed to handle
the large quantities of grass and
weeds now on our fields, but winter
plowing alone will help us to save
most of them and do away with the
need of burning the very stuff our
lands need most. Because of our small
plows it may require two breakings
to work ail this material into the soil,
and to do this, the first breaking
should be done as soon as possible so
as to get the advantage of the winter
weathering in pulverizing the soil
and starting the decay of this trash.
Another advantage derived from
winter plowing is that the labor and
teams are given something to do in
a slack time, and better ?still, this
something done in the winter will
aid in putting the land In condition
for seeding early next spring when
there is a rush of work to be done.
We frequently give as an excuse
for insufficient preparation of the
seed bed that the rush of work will
not permit of giving the necessary
time to (more thoroughly prepare the
land. If more fall and winter plow?
ing were done, the land could be
easier prepared for the seed and the
spring work would be more easily
and thoroughly done. Winter plowing
also causes the lands to dry out and
warm up earlier in the spring, there?
by making earlier planting practi?
When Deep Plowing Should Be Done.
Much Is heard these days of the
necessity for deeper plowing. There
is no question but deep and better
plowing is needed If our soils are to
be materially Improved in fertility,
but deep plowing: is an expensive op?
eration and unless done at the right
time, may fail to yield results which
will pay for the greater expense. The
time to do deep plowing is unques?
tionably in the fall and winter. There
is more time and other matters are
not so pressing; hence a better op?
portunity to do the work. Again when
the plowing is to be done deeper
than usual, it is of th greatest im?
portance that the subsoil be dry, In
the fall and early winter the sub?
soil is usually in ideal condition for
breaking. Moreover, If new soil ia
to be turned up, it should be done In
the fall or early winter so that the
frost and rain may break it up and
give it that weathering necessary to
make live soil out of it. There is still
another reason why deep plowing
should be done in the fall and win?
ter: If done in the spring the land
may not have had time to settle suf
flcintly before planting time and the
dry weather which sometimes corns
in the spring may be dry out the
loose soil that there is not sufficient
moisture left to sprout the seeds.
Winter plowing also destroys
many of those insect pests which
prey on the young plants, by expos?
ing them to the winter weather.
Probably the most important rea?
son for winter pfowing has purpose?
ly been left to the last. It is simply
the weathering effect of the winter
frost and rains on the soil particles.
"Tillage is manure" when it causes
locked up plant foods to be broken
down and made soluble in the soil
water. The air, the freezing and ex
pansion of the moisture In the soil,
and the rains are our greatest natu?
ral aids to the setting free of the
plant foods In the soils. The finer
the soil particles, the more readily
these agencies can act on all parts
of the soil, hence the advanatge of
winter plowing which turns up to the
weather the deep, dead soils that
they may by nature's agencies be
made to yield up their plant foods
for the growing of crops.?Progress?
Hope! thou nurse of young desire.
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
s iraila t ing rhe Food and Regula
ting the S lomachs andBowels of
Promotes Di?es lion Cheerful 1
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have
Always Bought !
Aperfect Remedy forConsflpt
tion, Sour Stoinach.DlarrhDtt
Facsimile Signature of
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
TM? OKNTftV? ?OMHNY, MKW TOH? CITY.
WANT A WINDOW?
sash or blind, a door or a dozen, or
a hundred of 'em? No better place
to get them for miles around than
right here. We have the gooda at ^
saving prices and can deliver them
quickly and correctly. This is a de
p< t for such building materials. We
here a phone and we want y>ur or?
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factor),
J. W. McKeiver.
Birnie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES rAND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
The year 1909 brought us many desirable new accounts, and
a largely Increased volume of business.
We commence 1910 stronger and better prepared than ever be?
fore to please our patrons. We solicit your account.
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Co.
Can place a limit on YOUR possi?
bilities, but a GROWING bank
account with a GROWING bank
will increase them.
We solicit your banking busi?
Bank of Sumter