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"Tbl ttkitcbrcin and ?jutbron
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1910.
Kn irr im I At the Po?tolII<'e at S ?unter, S.
C. ?? Seeonri i la-n Matter.
Miss Ortrud?. Hurkhardt. ol Staple
ton. N. T.. ts visiting the Misses
Mr. M. D. DeLorme, of Greeleyvllle
nu In towh on business Friday.
Mr. J. F. WlUlsms. of Stateburg,
who has charge of the farm demon?
stration work of the Department of
Agriculture in Sumter County, was
In the city Friday.
Mr. W. McD. Green, of Mechanlcs
vtlle, was In tewn Saturday on bu*?i
Mr. L. C. Page, of the State was
in the city Saturday.
Mr. B. J. Pringle, traveling Repre?
sentative for the Fisher Piano Co., Is
In the city on a visit.
Dr. and Mrs. Robert 8. Beckham.
Jr . who have been spending the past
few days with their parents. Mr. and
Mrs, WUlle L Brunson. on Harvln
street, returned to their home at
Pttowood Friday night.
Miss Nettle Beatty. of Charleston.
Is on a visit to Capt. and Mrs. Frank
Klrkland on Oakland avenue.
Messrs. Bartow Walsh and W. R.
Parker left Monday nltfht for Green?
ville to attend the annual meeting of
the Grand Chapter R. A. M.
Mrs. C. 8. McCullough, of Darling?
ton and Miss Annie McCullough, of
Winthrop College are In the city for
the McCullough-Lawson marr'nge.
Mr. C. A. Ellcrbe, of Hagood wits
la the city Monday.
Mlea Ara May Coleman, of Ridge
way. Is visiting Mrs. Samuel B. Mit?
chell, on Broad street.
9 Miss Male Whitney, of Wilming?
ton. N. C is visiting Mr. snd Mrs.
P. P. Finn on South Harvln street.
Dr. Oeo. W. Dick, who has been con?
fined to his bed with grip for nearly
a week, was able to be up/Monday.
Mr. Claude E. Hurst who has been
under treatment in a Richmond. Va.,
hospital for the past month, returned
home Saturday night. He has con*
valeoced rapidly after a most serious
operation and if he has no backtet
will be out again within a few days.
Frank P. Cooper *?ead.
Wllllamston. Feb. 7.?Frank P.
Cooper, who has been 111 here for
some time, died at It. 16 this morn?
ing, heart failure being the cause of
hie death. Mr. Cooper came here
for his health. About t o'clock yes?
terday afternoon heart failure set in,
and the end came early this morning.
The remains probably will be taken
to Charleston tomorrow.
Mr. Cooper, who was about 60
years old, was well known through?
out the state. He was a native of
Sumter county. He was first In the
?ervloe of the Atalantlc Coast line
railway. Later he was connected
with The State, as traveling solicitor.
From the State he went to the News
and Courier as circulation manager.
For the past two years Mr. Cooper
has been engaged in truck farming
In Charleston county.
Mr. Cooper was prominent In
Knights of Pythias circles, being
chancellor commander of one of the
largest lodges of Charleston. He was
chairman of the grand lodge commit?
tee appointed to erect a memorial to
the late Dr. Thornwell.
Mr. Cooper is survived by his
wife, who was Miss Stella Smith of
Anderson, daughter of Capt. William
Smith; a son, W. A. Cooper of Gr jen
vllle, and a daughter, Mrs. M. M.
Salley of Greenville. He also leaves
a brother, R. M. Cooper of Wisacky.
As a result of the protest of the
Crvlc League and Interested cltlaens,
the Tree and Park Commission sus?
pended the work of removing the
oak trees on South Main street Sat?
urday morning. A final decision as to
the disposition of the trees has not
been reached and the suspension of
work Is only until the Commission
has a meeting, with all members
present, st which time it will be de?
cided what Is to be done with the
trees. It Is a pretty good guess,
however, that the trees will not be
removed and that the cement side?
walks will be built around them.
The meeting called for Friday by
President E. W. Dabbs, of the County
F^rfrer's Union, to organise the Sum?
ter County Boys Corn Club wa.? ad?
journed without the organisation
being perfecte I, as the meeting call?
ed by County Superintendent of Edu?
cation for the same purpose will be
held next Saturday. Mr. Cnln hn-?
met * Ith greal encouragement In his
campaign to organise the Boys Corn
Club and he has mor* than twenty
enrolled already. He hopes to have
at least fifty present at the meetlnK
nest Saturday. The prizes to be offer?
ed are expected to aggregate not
less than $500.00 and the boys who
win prises will be richly rewarded
for their labor.
Mrs. M. J. Wehl?, widow of the late
Sumter Webb, died Saturday ufb-r
?'M)u, and the Interment was nt the
eemetry at 4 o'clock Sunday ai'br
!.n. Mrs. Webb Is survived by I
son and a daughter, Mr. W. H Webb
a d Mrs. J. P. Andrews ot this elty.
Death is claiming many victims
from rmong our people for with 'he
morning came the news that SJIa.s
Melle? Sr., had passed away during
Thursday Bight He had been in lad
health for two yeurs, but the imm d
iate cause of his death was paralysis
of the brain. The attack came last
Tuesday morning at 8 o'clock, which
rendered him unconclous until ':he
end came. Mr. Mellett was 63 years
old and lived his whole life in Suin?
ter County. For the last ten years
was a resident of this city. He leaves
a wife, three sons and four dau?h
ters to mourn his loss, beside.1! a
large numer of relatives and friei ds.
The funeral services were .held
at the eemetry Saturday morning
at 11.30 o'clock.
MKS. (VNKILL ILL.
Mr. and Mrs. \elll (VDonncIl Hust?
en to Charleston on Social
From the Daily Item, Feb. 7.
Mrs. Anna O'Xlell, wife of Mr I*
Arthur O'Neill, of Charleston an I a
sister of Mrs. Neill O'Donnell, of this
city, was stricken with apop!exy
Saturday night and her condition Is
so serious that her recovery has
almost been despaired of. She was
striken between 10 and 11 o'clock in
her apartments in the Charleston
Hotel. Mr. O'Neill found her lying
on the bed unconclous when he re?
turned to the room after an absence
of less than an hour and when the
physician, who was hastily summon?
ed, arrived he pronounced the at?
tack apoplexy. A message received
early this morning stated that she
had not regained consciousness and
that her conditions remained practi?
Mr. and Mrs. O'Donnell received a
telegram yesterday morning inform?
ing them of Mr*. O'Neill's Illness and
aa there was 90 way by which they
could reach Charleston until right,
Mr. O'Donnell immediately arranged
for a special train which was made
up here. The special left here at 11
o'clock and It had a clear track all
the way to Charleston and made a
quick trip. Mr. and Mrs. O'Donnell
were accompanied by Mrs.
W. H. Epperson and Mrs. Andrena
THE MILEAGE BILL.
Poet G.t T. P. A., Hold Special Meet
big and Adopt Resolutions.
Post Q., T. P. A., held a special
meeting Saturday to take actio 1 on
the mllegae book bill that Is now be?
fore the legislature. The purpose of
the proposed law is to require the
railroads to pull mileage on the rains.
Instead of requiring purchase! s of
nV'egae books to exchange mileage
for tickets at the regular ticket
Post O. adopted strong resolutions
in support of the bill and callli.g up?
on the members of the legislat ire to
use their Influence for and t:> vote
for the bill.
A committee of Post Q., mo: with
the legislative delegation to-day,
presented the Resolution, and l acked
them up with a strong preset tation
of the traveling men's case. The
traveling men are deeply Interested
in the passage of the bill an 1 they
will spare no effort to carry their
A Choral Club.
A choral club for women wtll be
organized on Tuesday afternoon,
February 8, 1910 at 4 o'clock.
All Interested are cordially Invited
to oe at "The Savoy" promp-ly at
that hour. *
Attendance that afternoon does
not necessitate ^mbership.
The course of study will embrace
deep breatchlng exercises, tone
placing and chorus work.
Further Information can be obtain?
ed from Mrs. Chas. Kingman. Mrs.
Lucy Rogers, Miss Bessie Ingram,
MIsh Pauline Epperson or Mi? Lola
The sport of deerstalking Is still
the moet natural and most neirly al?
lied to the huutlug of primitive man
that Is to be found Id the British
Islands. The dlffereuce between the
actual buotlng of the hungry I let and
the stalking of the owner of a modern
deer forest Is little more than the
When He Feels fcafe.
Bacon?A man feels more secure
wheu his views are Indorsed by oth?
ers. Egbert?Especially so If the man
Id questlou I* a baseball umpire.?Von
Out on Top.
Fuddy?Did you ever notice hat
successful men are generally ba \'i
Duddy?Certainly. They cum? out ou
CANNON THINKS DEMOCRATS
WILL CONTROL HOUSE.
Taft lias Orated Press Censorship
over Department Nrm?The
Fmrcfl ami Polly of Bo-Called Beef
Trust Prose.ait ions.
Special to The Daily Item.
Washington. Feb. 7.?"Listen,
now, boys, while I make my ninety
seventh vow that I have no Inten?
tion whatever of retiring! Of the
vast multitude of insinuations that
have come from my enemies, the
ItASt deserved of all Is that I will
surrender when I have not been lick?
So spoke "Uncle Joe." But, as
he spoke, there was a certain merry
twinkle In the eye which seemed to
indicate that your sly "Uncle Joseph"
either had his lingers crossed or
something concealed up his sleeve.
And to make the situation more
complex, even as Mr. Cannon was
speaking as above the word was
being passed out by his friends that
"Speaker Cannon will positively not
run again; this is authentic." This
latter statement carried with it the
declaration that "Uncle Joe" had
decided to throw his support to Mar?
lin E. Olmstead of Pennsylvania.
What is "Uncle Joe's" great
secret? What is the mystery that
this political Sphnlx If 1910 is holding
from the public? These vexatious
questions ar? worrying more than
a few politicians of all parties. Does
"Uncle Joe" really Intend to try for |
the Speakershlp again? Is he to be1
an Issue In the approaching Congress?
ional campaign, or Isn't he to be?
It Is as plain as day that some one
has been crossing the wires on the
public. And not one of the reaction?
aries seem to be the least bit anxious
to clarify the atmosphere as to "Uncle
Joe" and the speakershlp of the next
Congress. "The gentleman from
Illinois" goes on repeating he will
not retire, (with a sly grin for each
deposition), while the Speaker's stool
pigeons continue the monotonous
chant: "Uncle Joe will not run again;
this Is authentic! Uncle Joe will
not run again; this is authentic!"
In the mean time the Congressional
elections are drawing nearer and
I The truth is that "Uncle Joe" does
not expect to succeed himself as
speaker. But he does not expect to
be defeated by Republicans. Speak?
er Cannon has seen the handwriting
on the wall, and Is satisfied that the
next House of Representatives will
have a Democratic majority. Speak?
er Cannon's own word is the author?
ity for this statement. Not long ago,
while riding in a Pullman, the Speak?
er was overheard by the wife of a
prominent Republican insurgent who
was sitting opposite him, to express
the opinion that regardless of wheth?
er the new tariff law was really a
good law of a bad law, the people
had decreed that It was a bad law,
and that a result of this adverse pub?
lic sentiment the Republicans must
temporarly lose control of the lower
This statement of the speaker's,
if you will turn It over a few times
and examine closely, is the milk In
the "Uncle Joe"?speakershlp cocoa
nut! It explains everything.
If the* next House is Democratic,
and a Democratic speaker is elected,
it will not be a personal defeat for
[ "Uuicle Joe, but a party defeat. But
should Speaker Cannon admit now
that he wtU not try to succeed him?
self, It would be an undeniable ad?
mission of personal defeat at the
hands of Republicans, and would be
so heralded before the country.
Such a blow would be more than
"Uncle Joe's" egotism could easily
stand, especially when it is taken in?
to consideration that the Speaker,
along with the President, Senator
Aldrlch, Boutell of Illinois, Scott of
Kansas, and others?really believes
that he Is a statesman of the Abraham
Lincoln type and seriously expects
to be recorded In history as such.
No doubt sly old "Uncle Joe" has
the situation figured out^ about right.
If he abandons the leadership of the
House now, he loses everything. By
holding on, however, he retains the
minority leadership In the next
House even If it is Democratic in
complexion, and with a Republican
senate, this situation will be worth
con8lderablo politically. Also, by
holding on, "Uncle Joe's" political
record remains Intact, and his name
Is saved from consignment to the
gutters of political refuse.
President Taft Is gradually but
systematically establishing a cenor
shlp over government Information.
One department nfter another is
being muzzled. The consorlzation
Is being done as secretly as possible.
It has Just become known that in an
Official order dated Nov. IT?, 1009,
and signed by George Otli smith, di?
rector of the rolled states Geological
Survey, the following was issued ai
one of the new rules to be enforced
against representatives to the press:
"Kule 2. That no Interview Shall
be granted without securing from
the person soliciting the same b
premise that he will, before sucmitt
Used the Wori? over
No otiicr article of human food
has ever received such em?
phatic commendation for
purity, usefulness and whole*
someness from the most
Royal has always received the highest award when
exhibited or tested in competition
ing the material to his publication
office, present a copy of the manu?
script to the directors for approval; and
further, that in case of any such
promise is violated, the incident shall
be denied to the person guilty of
So far as known, nothing so drastic
as this in the way of press censorship
has ever been attempted before in
Th last government "prosecution"
of the beef trust in Chicago was
farcial, as all those newspaper scribes
who were on the scene will testify.
Though there was plenty of evidence
to show that the trust had conspired
to regulate the price of meat, every
newspaper writer on the job had
been given "Immunity baths," and
that in the end the case would be
thrown out of court. This proved to
be the fact. One of the Incidents of
the trial was the placing of a $100
bill in the overcoat of each news
1 aper reporter covering the case.
'1'ne matter being called to the alt ant*
ion o'l the court, Attorney Brown,
one of the counsel for the packers,
arose and explained that the money
had not been distributed with the de
tive to influence in any way the at?
titude of the press. "We simply in?
tended the money to be a sort of
Christmas present for the boys,"
said Brown. Federal Judge Hum?
phrey appeared convinced the money
was fciven in a true holiday s?pirr..
The Bodies of All of Them Are Com
When you Increase greatly the size
and the weight of any moving body,
whether it be traveling on the ground,
floating through the air or swimming
under the water, you alter In a most
serious way the proportionate effect on
the moving body of what Is called
It is a noteworthy fact that there
are no large flying animals?large, that
lj to say, as animals go. It is tru.
that there Is a great range In tue size
of flying animals, from the minutest
flies up to the condor vulture and the
albatross. But the bodies of those
birds arc 0DHII. not larger than that
of an ordinary dog. and the stretch of
the wings Is ouly about ten feet, while
their weight In proportion to size is
reduced by great internal air sacs,
which extend even Into the bones.
Even when we examine the records
of "extinct monsters," among which
are some huge creatures as big in body
as the biggest elephants of today and
longer by reason of their' great lizard?
like tails, we And no Instances of very
big flying creatures. The extinct group
of the flying reptiles?called pterodac
tyles because the wing was supported
by an enormously elongated finger?are
mostly small creatures, not bigger than
eagles and usually of less size. The
largest known had an expanse of wing
giving eighteen feet from the tip of
one wing to the tip of the other, but
its body was a little thing, not bigger
than that of a swan. This is the lar?
gest pair of wings known, and we
must remember that in these larger
pterodactyles and birds the bones are
thin walled, hollow cylinders filled
with air, so that these creatures are
not only small, but have a small spe?
cific gravity.?Sir Ray Lankester in
Wells In India.
The question of wells in India is
complicated by the coexistence in each
community of two castes?the purer
Hindoos and c onds on the one hand,
the weavers od the other. No weaver
may draw from the well of the Hin?
doos lest it bo defiled, nor will the
Hindoo drink from the hands or the
well of a weaver. Thus It becomes nec?
essary either to dig two wells or to
depute a certain number of the Hindoo
element to give water to their less ex?
alted fellow villagers.
Too Much Like Work.
The happy mother of a seven-months
old baby, whose chief business seems
to be making a noise in the world, was
paying her sister a visit, and the other
evening young Master Harry, aged
seven years, was delegated to care for
the baby while his elders were at
dinner. So he wheeled it back and
forth, forth and back, the length ot
the library, giving vent to his senti?
ments by singing, much to the amuse
meat of the family:
"Geo srhla, I'm Klad I'm free!
No wedding bells for me!"
?Ladies' Home Journal.
TWO MORE CASES.
New Sases of Small Pox Near Bos
sards. Rut In Lee County.
Two more cases of small pox have
been reported to the health officer
of Sumter near the Bossards case,
but In Lee county. One of the re?
ported cases is that of a white man
and another a colored woman.
Numbers of people from the im?
mediate section of the reported cases
do their trading in Sumter. So far
not a new case has developed in the
Sumter county side of the infected
territory, but it is not too late yet for a
number of cases to develop. So far
about 360 people have been vaccin?
ated around Bossards and the vac?
cinations being about 95 per cent
j successful, the disease has been
j knocked out In a measure by the
, prompt action of the Sumter county
j commissioners in quarantining and
by enforcing vaccination near the
Health Officer Reardon directs at
j tention of boardinjt house keepers In
I Sumter to the Importance of seeing
, that their boarders have been suc
i cessfully vaccinated within six years.
He says there are a number of re?
cent comers to Sumter who have
1 never been vacclm.ted. And that if
1 boarding house keepers permit un
vaccinated Individuals to stay at
their houses and a case of small pox
occurs the boarding house keeper will
have bo clalrn upon tl^e city for the,
use of the house as a pest house.
Numbers of clerks in stores have
either never been vaccinated or have
not been revacclnated In from ten to
fifteen years. The health officer
asks the cooperation of all merchants
In seeing that their employees are
How harsh it sounds to hear a
man criticise your pet hobby!
Every farmer in Sumter, Lee and
Clarendon counties should aid and
encourage his son to join the Boy's
Corn Club and compete for the prizes
offered in their respective counties,
the State and the United States De?
partment of Agriculture. The prizes
are well worth winning, but of far
greater value to the boy and to his
community is the educational benefit
he will receive from the training in
scientific and economic farming.
Another Car Load.
Received on Monday Feb. 7:h.
another carload of fine horses and
mules. There are some extra nice
horses and mules in this lot.
Shaw and Drake.
w 2t. I 3t-2-8-10
Barn and Stables Burned.
Hagood, Feb. 6.?The barns and
stables belonging to the Misses Eller
bcj were destroyed by fire night be?
fore last. Included in the loss waa a
quantity of corn, hay and fodder,
two valuable horses, two wagons, a
fine Jersey cow and a lot of harness,
plow gear, etc. Nothing was saved
form the building, the fire occurring
about 4 o'clock in the morning. The
loss will amount to fully $2,500. There
was no insurance. It is thought
that the fire was of incndlary origin
and so great is that belief that the
governor has bean requested to offer
a reward. This, li the second fire of
the kind to occur In this neighbor?
hood within the last four months.
? . .i n ' >
Send us your Job work.
FOR RENT OR SALE?My farm ou
the White's Mill road I M miles
from town. Good dwelling, new
barn and stables and tenant hou*e
on the place. Possession given at
once. Nelli O'Donnell. 1-17-tL
Business : : :
UR various stocks which
were badly broken dur?
ing our past great sale are
again filling up.
If high-class Merchandise
at a moderate price is wanted,